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Hu Qian Q Department of Ultrasound, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, - - 2015
Although pulmonary artery systolic pressures (PASPs) are frequently measured in newborn infants using the tricuspid regurgitant jet velocity or ductal Doppler velocity, little is known about the reference range in the general population. This was a retrospective study of 296 neonates less than 14days of age who were evaluated using ...
Ezeh Osita Kingsley - - 2014
Nigeria continues to have one of the highest rates of neonatal deaths in Africa. This study aimed to identify risk factors associated with neonatal death in Nigeria using the 2008 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS). Neonatal deaths of all singleton live-born infants between 2003 and 2008 were extracted from ...
Khanal Vishnu V *School of Public Health, Curtin University, Perth, Australia †National Hospital Guido Valadares, Ministry of Health, Dili, Timor Leste ‡School of Public Health and Community Medicine, BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, - - 2014
To investigate the prevalence of prelacteal feeding and its associated factors in Timor-Leste using updated data from the national survey. Complex sample analysis was undertaken to account for the two-stage cluster design of the Demographic and Health Survey 2009-2010. Backward stepwise logistic regression was conducted to ascertain factors associated with ...
Karkee Rajendra R 1School of Public Health and Community Medicine, BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, - - 2014
Background:Prelacteal feeds and delayed initiation of breastfeeding may lead to undernutrition of the infant but are still prevalent in many countries.Objective:A prospective cohort community-based study was conducted in central Nepal to ascertain the rate of early breastfeeding initiation and factors associated with the introduction of prelacteal feeds.Methods:Breastfeeding information was collected ...
Chang Todd P - - 2013
Residents must learn which infants require a lumbar puncture (LP), a clinical decision-making skill (CDMS) difficult to evaluate because of considerable practice variation. The authors created an assessment model of the CDMS to determine when an LP is indicated, taking practice variation into account. The objective was to detect whether ...
Derienzo C - - 2013
Objective:To define the core data elements of a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) handoff compare NICU residents' written and verbal handoff data with real-time, auto-populated data and identify the epidemiology of handoff errors.Study Design:We defined nine core data elements for a NICU patient handoff. We then compared residents' written and ...
Kazi Tasneem G - - 2013
Prenatal and early-life exposure to lead (Pb) is hypothesized to have adverse effects on childhood health. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prenatal exposure to Pb and its adverse effects on mothers and their infants who are residents of industrial (exposed) and domestic areas (referents) in Karachi, ...
Marques Rejane C - - 2013
We compared Pb concentration in human milk from 37 mothers living in a neighborhood of tin-ore smelters to that from 45 mothers living in a fishing community. The median breast-milk-Pb (BM-Pb) concentration was significantly (p = 0.0000001) higher (11.3 μg L(-1); ≤0.96-29.4 μg L(-1)) in mothers living in the vicinity of smelters than that of rural ...
Huynh M - - 2013
Adverse birth outcomes have been linked to neighborhood level socioeconomic status. However, little work has examined the influence of social and economic change over time (i.e., gentrification) on health. This study aims to assess the association between gentrification and preterm birth (PTB) while examining the modifying effect of maternal race/ethnicity ...
Kim Keewan - - 2013
Major birth defects result in high infant mortality and morbidity. It is important to evaluate the burden of birth defects and trends for future intervention and public health improvement. Using the New York State (NYS) Congenital Malformations Registry data, we examined the prevalence and trends of birth defects among children ...
Prakash K C - - 2013
To examine the most recent trends of cesarean delivery in Nepal and the association with socio-demographic characteristics of mothers. Nationally representative cross-sectional data was used from three Demographic and Health Surveys conducted in Nepal in 2001 (N = 4,745), 2006 (N = 4,066) and 2011 (N = 4,148). Cesarean section delivery was measured in two categories ...
Cernada María - - 2013
Immediately after birth the newly born infant aerates the lungs, diminishes pulmonary vascular resistance, and initiates gas exchange. However, under certain circumstances this process will not be adequately accomplished. Asphyxia is characterized by periods of hypoxia and ischemia leading frequently to hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy. The mainstay of newborn resuscitation resides ...
Hwang Melody - - 2013
Preterm birth is the single most important cause of perinatal mortality in North America. Given that American Indians/Alaskan Natives (AI/ANs) in the United States continue to have adverse birth outcomes, the purpose of this study is to compare the risk of preterm birth among AI/AN mothers to Non-Hispanic White mothers ...
Kyu Hmwe Hmwe - - 2013
This study aimed to (i) examine the contextual influences of urban slum residency on infant mortality and child stunting over and above individual and household characteristics and (ii) identify factors that might modify any adverse effects. We obtained data from Demographic and Health Surveys conducted in 45 countries between 2000 ...
Ko Gary - - 2012
To determine the impact of neighbourhood income and maternal residence population density on mortality and various morbidities at discharge or transfer from the NICU among extremely preterm neonates (<27 weeks gestation) in Canada. Neighbourhood income level and residential status was derived using a postal code conversion file and census data. ...
Huang Jennifer Y - - 2012
Coccidioidomycosis is endemic to the Americas; however, data on deaths caused by this disease are limited. To determine the rate of coccidioidomycosis-associated deaths in the United States, we examined multiple cause-coded death records for 1990-2008 for demographics, secular trends, and geographic distribution. Deaths were identified by International Classification of Diseases, ...
Canon Stephen - - 2012
PURPOSE: Hypospadias is one of the most common congenital malformations, with reportedly increasing rates of prevalence but poorly defined etiological factors for the disease and the varying degrees of manifestation. We characterize the prevalence of hypospadias in Arkansas with consideration of the degree of hypospadias. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from ...
de Graaf Johanna P - - 2012
Abstract Objective: Analyses of the effects of place of residence, socio-economic status and ethnicity on perinatal mortality and morbidity in the Netherlands. Methods: Epidemiological analysis of all singleton deliveries ≥ 22 gestational weeks (871 889 live born and 5927 stillborn) from the Dutch National Perinatal Registry 2002-2006. Multiple logistic regression ...
Abdel Eman A - - 2012
Antibiotics are one of the most overused drugs in the neonatal unit. Our objective was to assess associations between the duration of the initial antibiotic course and subsequent necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and/or death in very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates with sterile initial postnatal culture results. A retrospective cohort analysis ...
Romeo Domenico M - - 2012
The screening assessment tool of the Dubowitz neonatal neurologic assessment was adapted for preterm infants. The findings identified as "warning signs" in preterm infants were identical to those found in full-term infants, suggesting that this screening tool can also be used in preterm infants at term age.
Zimmerman E - - 2012
Majority of hearing-loss cases with extremely preterm infants have no known etiology. There is a growing concern that the administration of aminoglycoside treatment in the noisy environment of the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) may lead to hair-cell damage and subsequent auditory impairments. In addition, several mitochondrial DNA mutations are ...
van Dongen Thijs M A TM Department of Epidemiology, Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands. - - 2012
Physicians often rely on parental observation of ear discharge in the follow-up after its treatment, but little is known about the reliability of this assessment. Follow-up data of trial participants treated for acute or chronic ear discharge showed a good agreement between parents' and physician's assessment, with high positive predictive ...
Gray Brian W - - 2012
This review addresses the history and evolution of neonatal extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), with a discussion of the indications, contraindications, modalities, outcomes, and impact of ECMO. Controversies surrounding novel uses of ECMO in neonates, namely ECMO for premature infants and ex utero intrapartum therapy with transition to ECMO, are discussed. ...
Smets Koenraad - - 2012
Aim:  To evaluate implementation and results of neonatal hearing screening with automated auditory brainstem response by bedside nurses in a single centre neonatal intensive care unit. Methods:  Retrospective review of charts of 2074 newborns admitted over a 4 year period. Results:  1824 newborns (88%) were screened. A 'pass' result was ...
Madan Juliette C - - 2012
Neonatal sepsis due to intestinal bacterial translocation is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Understanding microbial colonisation of the gut in prematurity may predict risk of sepsis to guide future strategies to manipulate the microbiome. Prospective longitudinal study of premature infants. Stool samples were obtained weekly. DNA was extracted ...
Polin Richard A - - 2012
With improved obstetrical management and evidence-based use of intrapartum antimicrobial therapy, early-onset neonatal sepsis is becoming less frequent. However, early-onset sepsis remains one of the most common causes of neonatal morbidity and mortality in the preterm population. The identification of neonates at risk for early-onset sepsis is frequently based on ...
Van den Anker Johannes N - - 2012
Aminoglycosides have played a major role in antimicrobial therapy since their discovery in the 1940s. Their bactericidal efficacy in gram-negative infections, synergism with beta-lactam antibiotics, limited bacterial resistance, and low cost have given these agents a firm place in antimicrobial treatment. After penicillins, aminoglycosides are the most commonly used drugs ...
Barrera-de León J C - - 2012
Objective:To evaluate the usefulness of serum lipid peroxide (LPO) for hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) in full-term neonates.Study Design:Diagnostic test evaluation forming three groups: (1) healthy full-term neonates (n=59), (2) at-risk full-term neonates without HIE (n=57) and (3) at-risk full-term neonates with HIE (n=57). HIE diagnosis was made using the Finer ...
Zaidi Anita K M - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Sepsis in the neonatal period is a major cause of child mortality in low-income countries. Hospitalization and parenteral penicillin/ampicillin and gentamicin therapy is recommended for management. Many families, however, are unable to access hospital care, and most home-delivered newborns who develop sepsis die without receiving antibiotic therapy. Appropriate community-based ...
Kang Min-Young - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate changes in the hearing thresholds during the first year of life in infants who failed the newborn hearing screening (NHS) test and of infants treated in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). From March 2007 to November 2010, 193 healthy infants who ...
Coffey P S - - 2012
Objective:Explore feasibility and acceptability of gentamicin in the Uniject prefilled injection system, in combination with oral cotrimoxazole-p and an appropriate newborn weighing scale, for treatment of possible neonatal sepsis when administered in the community by female community health volunteers.Study Design:In a community-based program in Nepal, 45 volunteers recorded 422 live ...
van den Anker Johannes N - - 2012
Aminoglycosides have played a major role in antimicrobial therapy since their discovery in the 1940s. Their bactericidal efficacy in gram-negative infections, synergism with beta-lactam antibiotics, limited bacterial resistance, and low cost have given these agents a firm place in antimicrobial treatment. After penicillins, aminoglycosides are the most commonly used drugs ...
Aizire Jim - - 2012
Nevirapine and cotrimoxazole are associated with hematologic toxicities and skin-rash. Safety of their concurrent use for prophylaxis over extended periods among HIV-exposed uninfected infants has not been previously assessed. Secondary data analysis of the 'HIV Prevention Trials Network-046 protocol' (version 2.0), a phase-III, randomized, placebo-controlled trial that assessed efficacy and ...
Bigelow Ann E - - 2012
The effect of mother-infant skin-to-skin contact on infants' developing social expectations for maternal behavior was investigated longitudinally over infants' first 3 months. Infants with and without skin-to-skin contact engaged with their mothers in the Still Face Task at ages 1week, 1 month, 2 months, and 3 months. Infants with skin-to-skin ...
Gwee Amanda - - 2012
To assess the causes of bacteraemia in young infants and susceptibility to first-line antibiotics (benzylpenicillin plus gentamicin) at the Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital (QECH), Malawi during 2002-2007. Retrospective analysis of demographic and microbiological data using laboratory records. QECH is Malawi's largest hospital with 7000 neonates admitted annually, 9% for septicaemia. ...
Henny-Harry C - - 2012
To describe the epidemiology of neonatal jaundice at the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI). A retrospective review of all neonates at the UHWI with clinically significant jaundice between January 1, 2006 and June 30, 2007 was performed. Demographic, clinical and laboratory data were collected. Descriptive analyses were performed. ...
Mane Shivaji - - 2012
Choledochocele in a premature neonate who presented with obstructive jaundice and was managed surgically is reported. At 1-year follow-up, the child is asymptomatic.
Shah Dharmesh - - 2012
Although the exact aetiology of necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) remains unknown, research suggests that it is multifactorial; suspected pathophysiological mechanisms include immaturity, intestinal ischaemia, disruption of intestinal mucosal integrity, formula feeding, hyperosmolar load to the intestine, infection and bacterial translocation. Various antibiotic regimens have been widely used in the treatment of ...
Gianicolo Emilio Antonio Luca - - 2012
Congenital anomalies and their primary prevention are a crucial public health issue. This work aimed to estimate the prevalence of congenital anomalies in Brindisi, a city in southeastern Italy at high risk of environmental crisis. This research concerned newborns up to 28 days of age, born between 2001 and 2010 ...
Velandia M - - 2011
Aim:  To investigate differences between the breast-seeking and crying behaviour of girls and boys in skin-to-skin contact with their mother or their father after Caesarean section as well as the point-in-time for the first breastfeeding and to compare mothers' and fathers' interactive behaviour with their newborn girl or boy. Methods:  ...
Blume-Peytavi Ulrike - - 2012
In recent years, there have been continuing efforts to understand the effects of baby skin care routines and products on the healthy development of baby skin. Such efforts aim ultimately to determine the best infant skin care practices. The pediatric and dermatologic communities have not reached consensus on what constitutes ...
Mahmood Iqbal - - 2011
Objective: To evaluate the effect of mother-infant early skin-to-skin contact on breastfeeding behavior of infants. Study Design: A randomized controlled trial. Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted in the Department of Obstetrics of Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad, from November to December 2009. Methodology: Eligible mothers ...
Ludington-Hoe Susan M - - 2011
IS IT 30 YEARS ALREADY SINCE I RECEIVED my first issue of Neonatal Network: The Journal of Neonatal Nursing (NN)? How time does fly when you are having fun! NN was a newborn 30 years ago and now it is a fully mature, highly respected peer-reviewed professional journal indexed by ...
Storm Douglas W - - 2011
PURPOSE: Penile adhesions with hidden penis and penile skin bridges are complications after neonatal circumcision that seem to develop more often in overweight children. They could possibly be avoided if there were neonatal parameters predicting circumcision complications. We hypothesized that penile adhesions with hidden penis and skin bridges may be ...
Fonseca R - - 2012
To determine whether transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) from covered skin (TcB-C) during and after discontinuing phototherapy (PHT) is reliable in treating neonatal jaundice. In this prospective observational study, before starting PHT, part of the forehead was covered. TcB-C and TcB from exposed skin (TcB-E) to PHT were measured before starting PHT, ...
Visscher Marty O - - 2011
Background/Aims: Premature infants lack the vernix caseosa, have an incompetent stratum corneum (SC) barrier and are predisposed to infection. Use of topical agents to improve barrier function has had mixed outcomes. The aim was to determine the effect of vernix versus common barrier creams on the rate and quality of ...
Atas Bülent - - 2011
To determine the frequency of congenital hearing loss (CHL) in healthy newborn infants in Konya, Turkey. A total of 43,503 healthy neonates born at Doctor Faruk Sükan Obstetrics and Children's Hospital between the years of 2006 and 2011 were evaluated, prospectively. Hearing screening test was carried out using Transient Evoked ...
Hung Kristina J - - 2011
This article describes a quality improvement project in which early skin-to-skin (STS) contact, in the operating room (OR) and during recovery, was used as an intervention to increase the success of breastfeeding initiation among healthy infants after cesarean, at a large, urban, acute care teaching hospital. The nursing role is ...
Mörelius Evalotte - - 2011
Aim:  To describe the time of first skin-to-skin contact in extremely preterm infants in a national perspective and to investigate possible factors affecting the time of first skin-to-skin contact. Methods:  A population-based prospective descriptive study of extremely preterm infants (n = 520) in seven regional hospitals in Sweden. Results:  Extremely ...
Zagne Vanessa V Department of Dermatology, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. - - 2011
The neonatal period is generally regarded as the first 28 days of extrauterine life. Skin disorders are commonly seen in the neonatal period, most of which are transient and limited to the first days or weeks of life. In spite of being so frequent, these transient conditions usually escape dermatologist's ...
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