Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 624
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Peterson K A - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence suggests that infant morbidity is increased among women who have abnormal prenatal glucose screening tests but who do not have gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). These women fall into a diagnostic gray zone and historically have not been treated. METHODS: Forty-eight pregnant women with abnormal oral glucose challenge ...
Van Allen M I - - 1994
Severe and mild deformations in newborn infants of insulin dependent diabetic mothers (IDDMs) and control mothers were evaluated with respect to the types of anomalies and previously hypothesized constraint factors. Factors evaluated were gestational length, birth weight, corrected birth weight for gestation (weight ratio), maternal height and parity, and severe ...
Keidan I - - 1994
Renal venous thrombosis was diagnosed in the first week of life in 6 of 30,101 live infant births born at the Chaim Sheba Medical Center in Israel from 1984 to 1989. The thrombosis was unilateral in 5 neonates and bilateral in 1. Predisposing maternal risk factors included 2 cases of ...
Omori Y - - 1994
Pregnancy in diabetic patients was uncommon before 1960 in Japan. It has increased recently and there has been a 3-fold increase since 1971. Only 26% of the cases of diabetic pregnancy had IDDM; the rest of cases had NIDDM. The perinatal mortality of infants decreased from 10.8% in 1971-1975 to ...
Bos A F - - 1994
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in pregnant women on the kidney size of their infants. We measured kidney length in the first week of life using ultrasonography in 20 infants of tightly controlled insulin-dependent diabetic mothers and 20 healthy newborn controls, ...
Aucott S W - - 1994
The effect of rigorous management of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) during pregnancy on the perinatal outcome was assessed by comparing 78 prepartum gravid patients with IDDM managed prospectively with 78 matched controls. The diabetic women were treated with insulin by either infusion pump or split-dose therapy, with the goal of ...
Goto M P - - 1994
Infants of diabetic mothers have three to four times the incidence of congenital malformations than that in the general population. These anomalies include defects of the neural tube, heart, urogenital system, skeleton and alimentary tract, and the caudal regression syndrome. The anomalies are considered to result from the maternal metabolic ...
Cnattingius S - - 1994
Between 1983 and 1986, 914 single births to women with diabetes mellitus before pregnancy and a randomly selected control sample of 4000 births were identified by using the Swedish Medical Birth Registry. Twenty-four percent of diabetic women were delivered preterm, as compared with 6% in the control group. The rates ...
Borgiani P - - 1994
Haptoglobin (Hp) development during the neonatal period has been studied in 325 newborn infants from normal pregnancies and in 242 infants from diabetic mothers. In infants from diabetic mothers Hp development is delayed as compared to infants from normal pregnancies. This delay is associated with a change in the pattern ...
Van Assche F A - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to compare the endocrine pancreas of hydropic infants of immune and nonimmune origin. STUDY DESIGN: A quantitative morphologic study was performed on the pancreas in 10 infants with immune and nonimmune hydrops. The volume density of the endocrine pancreas in the gland was calculated, as was ...
Sells C J - - 1994
The neurodevelopmental consequences of maternal insulin-dependent diabetes were studied in 109 infants of diabetic mothers and 90 control infants. The infants born to diabetic mothers included 70 "early entry" subjects and 39 "late entry" subjects. Maternal diabetes control during pregnancy was significantly better in "early entry" mothers than in late-entry ...
Kurishita M - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate retrospectively the glucose metabolism of women who gave birth to large babies. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Within the first 3 days of postpartum, HbA1c of the dense erythrocytes and glycated albumin were measured. The sample group was comprised of 59 women who gave birth to heavy-for-dates infants. ...
Demarini S - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that strict control of diabetes during pregnancy can reduce the risk for neonatal hypocalcemia in infants of diabetic mothers. METHODS: One hundred thirty-seven pregnant women with insulin-dependent diabetes enrolled before 9 weeks' gestation were randomized to one of two treatment groups. In 68 subjects, the ...
Nanu A - - 1994
Cord blood samples were estimated for serum fibronectin (Fn) by immunoelectrophoresis (IE) and enzyme linked immuno sorbent assay (ELISA) in 250 newborn healthy and sick infants classified into 6 categories: i.e., term appropriate for date (TAFD), preterm appropriate for date (PTAFD), term small for date (TSFD), preterm small for date ...
Greenwood R - - 1994
All perinatal deaths occurring over a 12-month period on the island of Jamaica were classified using the Wigglesworth schema. In all, there were 584 antepartum fetal deaths (incidence 10.7 per 1000 total births). Comparison of the 558 singleton deaths with 9919 singleton survivors revealed, using logistic regression, strong associations with ...
Shaw K - - 1994
Infants with gastroschisis (GS) commonly require total parenteral nutrition and prolonged hospitalization because of intestinal dysfunction resulting from dysmotility and/or malabsorption. To investigate prepartum small intestinal (SI) nutrient absorption in GS, a fetal rabbit model was surgically created on gestational day 24 (term, 31 to 33 days) in 11 time-mated ...
Sharony A - - 1994
Three cases of intrauterine fetal death occurring shortly (within 24 h) after betamethasone administration are described. Two of the women were diabetic, and the third had secondary infertility due to hyperprolactinemia. None of the stillborns had evidence of gross malformations. In view of the fact that infants born prematurely now ...
Gloria-Bottini F - - 1994
The study of 230 diabetic mothers along with their newborn babies has shown that foetal macrosomia is associated with two specific genomic sites: phosphoglucomutase locus 1 (PGM1)-Rhesus blood group (Rh) linkage group (chromosome 1) and HindIII restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) linked to insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) (chromosome 12). ...
Holmes L B - - 1994
At least two maternal conditions have been shown to be associated with an increased risk for the occurrence of anencephaly, spina bifida and encephalocele: insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in the mother and maternal epilepsy for which anticonvulsant treatment is being used. Of 147 infants born at the Brigham and Women's Hospital ...
Kalhan S C - - 1993
The rates of urea synthesis and glucose turnover were quantified during fasting using [15N2]urea and [6,62H2]glucose tracers with the prime constant rate infusion technique in 33 infants: 19 normal infants, 10 infants of diabetic mothers (IDM), and four small for gestational age (SGA) infants born at term gestation. All infants ...
Wilson T A - - 1993
We report on 2 infants with the DiGeorge anomaly born to diabetic mothers treated with insulin. Both infants had unilateral renal agenesis. One of the mothers has manifestations suggestive of velo-cardio-facial syndrome (VCFS). Cytogenetic studies on both patients and the mother with apparent VCFS were normal. Molecular studies utilizing probes ...
Samueloff A - - 1993
We sought to identify the significance of recurrent stillbirth and to determine the contributory etiologic factors for this phenomenon. Data were analyzed and retrospective chart review conducted for all stillbirths occurring during a 13-year period. Subjects were divided into two groups: those for whom the current stillbirth was the first ...
Knip M - - 1993
To study whether the increased glucose levels in the amniotic fluid during diabetic pregnancies induce an early maturation of the hormonal enteroinsular axis, we measured blood glucose levels and plasma concentrations of C-peptide, pancreatic glucagon, enteroglucagon, and gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP) in cord blood from 18 newborn infants of insulin-treated ...
Baarsma R - - 1993
Infants of diabetic mothers are at risk of developing hypoglycemia postnatally. Strict control of blood glucose during pregnancy might result in adequate glucose homeostasis in the neonate. We followed 15 mother-infant pairs from the beginning of pregnancy until birth. Glucose kinetics in the infants were measured on the first day ...
Uyeki T M - - 1993
We report a 9-month-old male Latino infant with congenital nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI) who presented with hypernatremic dehydration aggravated by severe gastroenteritis. Initially, the infant was managed with intravenous fluids followed by standard 20 cal/ounce formula and pharmacological therapy, resulting in normalization of his serum sodium level. While hydrochlorothiazide therapy ...
Cordero L - - 1993
Despite marked declines in neonatal mortality, infants of diabetic mothers still experience significant morbidity. This article reviews current data regarding congenital malformations, disorders of fetal growth, pulmonary development, and diagnosis and treatment of hypoglycemia, hypocalcemia, and hypomagnesemia. It also addresses short-term and long-term complications for this unique group of high-risk ...
Piper J M - - 1993
The purpose of this study was to determine whether infants sufficiently affected by maternal diabetes or hypertension to exhibit abnormal growth (macrosomia, growth retardation) would also display significant alteration in timing of pulmonary maturity (delay or acceleration, respectively). We studied 874 consecutive women with fetal pulmonary maturity testing prior to ...
Aparicio L - - 1993
A kindred with familial neonatal hyperinsulinemia is described. Infant A was macrosomatic and stillborn. Infant B was macrosomatic at birth following a pregnancy uncomplicated by maternal diabetes. Following diagnosis of hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia, this patient was treated with oral diazoxide. Therapy continued until hyperinsulinemia resolved by two years of age. Based ...
Hunter D J - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To compare the neonatal morbidity rates (corrected for gestational age at delivery and method of delivery) among infants of women with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus and those of women without diabetes. DESIGN: Historical cohort analysis. SETTING: Tertiary care centre. PATIENTS: All liveborn infants of women with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDM ...
Shipley C F CF - - 1993
We describe a patient who is a carrier of hemophilia B, who was unusual in that she had symptoms and abnormal hematologic findings. She became pregnant and desired to have chorionic villus sampling for fetal sex determination. This was performed without complication. Her pregnancy continued, and she was delivered of ...
Mena W - - 1993
We report five infants with congenital cytomegalovirus infection in whom diabetes insipidus developed before initiation of treatment with ganciclovir. Four of five infants required treatment with desmopressin. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain showed no destruction of the hypothalamus or pituitary gland in any infant. Cortisol levels and results of ...
Barker D J - - 1993
Babies who are small at birth or during infancy have increased rates of cardiovascular disease and non-insulin-dependent diabetes as adults. Some of these babies have low birthweights, some are small in relation to the size of their placentas, some are thin at birth, and some are short at birth and ...
Berkus M D - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To determine how well the extent of glucose abnormality, as reflected by the number of abnormal values on the 3-hour oral glucose tolerance test (GTT), correlates with the level of carbohydrate intolerance during pregnancy and with the severity of adverse outcome. METHODS: We followed 764 gestational diabetic women under ...
Holtrop P C - - 1993
Although various authors recommend screening for hypoglycemia in large for gestational age (LGA) and small for gestational age (SGA) newborns, the frequency of hypoglycemia in these infants, using a recent definition of hypoglycemia, and the proper duration of screening are not documented. We determined chromogen test strip blood glucose values ...
Sunehag A - - 1993
Neonatal hypoglycemia is a frequent complication in immature infants. This may be due to small substrate stores, a high brain:body weight ratio, and immature enzyme systems. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the rate of glucose production in newborn infants with gestational ages of less than 28 ...
Hoegsberg B - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypothesis that macrosomic infants of nondiabetic mothers are more likely to have hyperinsulinemia and increased subcutaneous fat. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Plasma insulin concentrations were measured in cord blood from 50 macrosomic infants and 32 normal-sized (control), term infants. All mothers had had a normal 50-g ...
Jährig D - - 1993
In the past decade, malformation rates and life-threatening neonatal disorders of infants of diabetic mothers have been lowered to a marked degree. However, the remaining neonatal morbidity (metabolic and functional abnormalities and macrosomia) is still rather high. The meaning of these signs and symptoms for the further somatic development is ...
Casonato A - - 1993
A family with concurrent haemophilia A and type I von Willebrand's disease (vWd) is described. The propositus was affected by both disorders. The propositus' mother was an obligate carrier of haemophilia A being the daughter of a haemophilic. The father and sister were affected by vWd. The sister was also ...
Lee J H - - 1993
Transient asymmetric hypertrophy of the interventricular septum was found by echocardiography in a 20-day-old infant whose mother was not diabetic. The electrocardiogram showed first-degree atrioventricular block and QT prolongation. Electrocardiograms on all first degree relatives were within normal limits. With the medication of propranolol, the infant did well. Both echocardiographic ...
Ballard J L - - 1993
Fetal hyperinsulinism in infants of diabetic mothers (IDMs) produces increased fetal growth leading to macrosomia, which may or may not be proportionate. Disproportionate macrosomia refers to excessive weight characterized by a high weight/length ratio. We tested the hypotheses that (1) macrosomia in IDMs would be characterized by a high ponderal ...
Bassaw B - - 1992
A nine-year review of 103 cases of shoulder dystocia identified obesity, diabetes mellitus and post-datism as important predisposing risk factors. There was a positive correlation with birthweight. Abnormal labour patterns were invariably absent and perinatal outcome was disastrous. The best strategy is to anticipate and avoid this obstetrical emergency.
Eregie C O - - 1992
Twenty-five infants of diabetic mothers were analysed over a 6-month period from three hospitals to determine the value of arm/head ratio in the identification of infants of diabetic mothers at birth. The infants were grouped according to control of maternal disease and quality of intra-uterine growth. The sensitivity and specificity ...
Shelley-Jones D C - - 1992
The incidence of birth-weight of 4,540 g (10 lb) or more rose from 0.87% in the years 1971 to 1977 to 1.16% in the 12 years from 1978 to 1989 with a concomitant increase in hyperglycaemia in our antenatal population. The relationship between excessive birth-weight and maternal glucose tolerance was ...
Eregie C O - - 1992
Twenty-five infants of diabetic mothers were studied in three hospitals over a six month period to assess the value of mid-arm circumference/head circumference (MAC/HC) ratio in the evaluation of outcome of diabetic pregnancies. The quality of intrauterine growth of each infant was determined from the MAC/HC standard. The infants were ...
Chen C - - 1992
OBJECTIVES: 1) To examine a fluorescence polarization (FP) assay with an independent set of data that contained more cases of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) than a previous study, 2) to determine whether the same reference ranges are applicable to infants born to diabetic women, and 3) to evaluate whether adding ...
Speich M - - 1992
Concentrations of magnesium (Mg), total calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), copper (Cu), and zinc (Zn) were investigated in plasma (Pl) and erythrocytes (Erc) of venous cord blood of 44 infants of diabetic mothers (IDMs). These same concentrations plus total glycohemoglobin and fructosamine were determined at delivery in a subset of 15 ...
Rochelson B - - 1992
Polyhydramnios is associated with multiple maternal and fetal abnormalities. Although the risks of persistent polyhydramnios are well described, the clinical implications of polyhydramnios that resolves prior to delivery are not. Thirty-four non-diabetic patients with resolving polyhydramnios were studied. An amniotic acid index of >or= 20 was used to define polyhydramnios. ...
Kurlat I - - 1992
Neonatal polycythemia is a frequent finding after pregnancies complicated by diabetes and by maternal hypertension with intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR). It is still unclear if the association of polycythemia with hypertension is the result of IUGR or of hypertension per se. To establish the incidence of neonatal polycythemia in populations ...
Turnpenny P D - - 1992
The aetiology of non-iatrogenic causes of peripheral ischaemia and gangrene presenting either at birth or within a few hours of delivery is unknown in the majority of 56 confirmed cases. In this review of 47 cases occurring since 1941 the aetiology was clear in only 6, four due to compression ...
David A - - 1992
Despite advances in therapy for maternal diabetes, pregnancies of diabetic women remained at an increased risk of spontaneous abortion or delivery of an infant with major malformation. We report on an infant of a diabetic mother with hypoglossia-hypodactylia associated with complete jejunal atresia. A common pathogenesis for these 2 malformations ...
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