Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 621
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Casson I F - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To monitor pregnancies in women with pre-existent insulin dependent diabetes for pregnancy loss, congenital malformations, and fetal growth in a geographically defined area of north west England. DESIGN: Population cohort study. SETTING: 10 maternity units in Cheshire, Lancashire, and Merseyside which had no regional guidelines for the management of ...
Suevo D M - - 1997
Care of the pregnant woman with diabetes and the infant of that mother presents a challenge to both perinatal and neonatal nurses. This article reviews the pathophysiology of diabetes in pregnancy; discusses various complications of the fetus, newborn, and child; outlines management strategies aimed at decreasing complications and improving outcomes; ...
Takei A - - 1997
We treated a male infant with occipital meningoencephalocele associated with the taking of Tripterygium wilfordii. The infant was delivered normally at 38 weeks of gestation with a huge cystic mass protruding from the occiput. He was diagnosed with occipital meningoencephalocele and cerebellar agenesis. His mother had taken T. wilfordii for ...
Huang S M - - 1997
We report a case of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A (MEN 2A) diagnosed prenatally at 16 weeks gestation. The 35-year-old mother is a MEN 2A patient. She had had three prior pregnancies: one resulted in a stillbirth; one produced a genetically unaffected boy; and the third was terminated in the ...
Vohr B R - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore the development of adiposity in macrosomic and normosomic infants of mothers with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and control subjects between birth and age 1 year, and assess its relation to maternal prenatal factors and neonatal factors. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This ...
Mello G - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether minor abnormalities of glucose metabolism without gestational diabetes are a risk factor for fetal overgrowth. DESIGN: A sample of 1883 unselected white mother-infant pairs were screened for gestational diabetes using a 50 g 1-h oral glucose challenge test (GCT) in ...
Plagemann A - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the development of body weight and frequencies of overweight and obesity in infants of long-term insulin-dependent diabetic mothers as compared to those of gestational diabetic mothers. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SUBJECTS: Two hundred infants of mothers with pregestational insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDM) and 117 infants of gestational diabetic ...
Shushan A - - 1997
This study tested the hypothesis that to reduce the rate of macrosomic infants in gestational diabetes cases, good glycemic control should be initiated before 34 completed gestational weeks. The study population included 84 women with gestational diabetes, ascertained by universal screening of all women attending the antenatal clinic of the ...
Moses R - - 1997
The possibility has been raised that women who have had large for gestational age infants, while glucose tolerant during pregnancy by conventional testing, may still have a subtle abnormality of carbohydrate metabolism. We have examined, some time after the completion of a pregnancy, the fasting levels of glucose, insulin and ...
Nowak-Göttl U - - 1997
AIMS: To determine the incidence of neonatal thromboembolism in Germany. METHODS: Diagnostic imaging techniques, therapeutic modalities, and short term outcome were evaluated in a prospective nationwide two year case registry study. RESULTS: The reported incidence of symptomatic neonatal thromboembolism, diagnosed in most cases with Doppler ultrasonography, was 5.1 per 100000 ...
Stanley C A - - 1997
Hyperinsulinism is the most common cause of hypoglycemia in early infancy. Congenital hyperinsulinism, formerly termed nesidioblastosis, is usually caused by genetic defects in beta-cell regulation, including a severe recessive disorder of the sulfonylurea receptor, a milder dominant form of hyperinsulinism, and a syndrome of hyperinsulinism plus hyperammonemia. Transient neonatal hyperinsulinism ...
Harman C R - - 1997
The focus of monitoring in diabetic pregnancy is no longer the prevention of fetal mortality, owing to the impressive benefits of strict maternal glucose control. Against this background, fetal monitoring must account for congenital anomalies, fetal mortality and severe morbidity as a result of metabolic consequences of hyperinsulinism, the exponential ...
Karahasano─člu O - - 1997
In this prospective study, we investigated the frequency of hypoglycemia and the proper intervals for screening in small-for-gestational-age (SGA) neonates. We determined test-strip blood glucose values at two, three, six, 12, 24 and 48 hours of age in 25 SGA and 16 appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) infants who were born after 37 ...
Shankar R R - - 1997
We report on a male infant with congenital hypoparathyroidism who developed primary hypothyroidism at 3 months and insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus at 25 months. He had evidence of widespread and progressive neurologic dysfunction characterized by severe developmental delay, blindness, deafness, seizures, atrophy of the cerebellar and frontal lobes, and elevated spinal ...
Whiteford M L - - 1997
We report an infant with intrauterine growth retardation and transient neonatal diabetes who has paternal uniparental disomy for chromosome 6. The infant was not dysmorphic and had no congenital anomalies. To our knowledge, this is the third case of paternal uniparental disomy occurring in an infant with transient neonatal diabetes, ...
Tanzer F - - 1997
Thirty-five full term infants (38-41 weeks' gestation) were included in the study. Infants of mothers with complications of pregnancy, such as toxaemia, anaemia, diabetes, or hypertension were not included. All infants were fed during the first 3 hours of life and this was continued every 4 hours. Maternal glucose estimation ...
Beyer-Mears A - - 1997
The effects of two structurally dissimilar aldose reductase inhibitors, Zopolrestat and Sorbinil, were investigated on the sodium-dependent, myo-inositol (MI) cotransporter in rat lenses maintained in either normal (5.5 mmol/l) or high sugar medium (35.5 mmol/l glucose or 30 mmol/l galactose). MI influx was compared to the lens polyol content. The ...
Yudkin J S - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Microalbuminuria and nephropathy in diabetic subjects has been linked to low birth weight or short stature in adulthood. We have explored the relationship of foetal growth and intrauterine starvation with microalbuminuria in non-diabetic subjects. METHODS: Albumin excretion rate was measured in an overnight sample in 236 men and women ...
Mironiuk M - - 1997
The study compares an occurrence rate of congenital malformations in newborn infants of mothers with insulin dependent diabetes (IDDM) and newborns of healthy mothers and mothers with pregnancy diabetes (GDM). This paper evaluates the influence of stage of advancement (a class) of diabetes in the mother and its control during ...
Mello G - - 1997
Aim of this study was to examine the maternal-neonatal outcome and the neonatal anthropometric characteristics of a full-term mother-infant pairs group with a positive oral glucose challenge test (GCT) without gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Our study involved 1615 white women with singleton pregnancies who underwent universal screening for GDM in ...
Mello G - - 1997
We compared the effects of two treatment strategies (diet alone versus a combination of insulin and diet) on neonatal anthropometric measurements and the outcome of a full-term white infant sample born to mothers with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Study subjects included 217 consecutive nonrandomized women with GDM with term singleton ...
Sunehag A - - 1996
Extremely preterm infants have been shown capable of producing glucose at a rate comparable to that of term infants, but virtually no data are available on their capacity for lipolysis and gluconeogenesis. To address this issue, we studied the flux of glycerol and its gluconeogenic contribution to hepatic glucose output ...
Ellis M - - 1996
AIMS: To compare two cotside methods of blood glucose measurement (HemoCue and Reflolux II) against a standard laboratory method for the detection of neonatal hypoglycaemia in a developing country maternity hospital where hypoglycaemia is common. METHODS: 94 newborn infants and 75 of their mothers had blood glucose assessed on the ...
Bahar A M - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: To compare risk factors and fetal morbidity in deliveries complicated by shoulder dystocia with deliveries of similar infant birthweights but not complicated by shoulder dystocia. DESIGN: A retrospective case-controlled study. SETTING: Kuwait Maternity Hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-nine cases of true shoulder dystocia and 138 controls matched for exact infant's birthweight. ...
Fasano M - - 1996
To investigate the proliferative activity of cytomegalic cells in the fetal adrenal cortex, we studied adrenal glands with cytomegaly by immunohistochemistry using the nuclear proliferation maker MIB-1. The percentage of positively stained nuclei was quantified using the SAMBA 4000 image analysis system. Only one case showed occasional positively stained cytomegalic ...
Akcoral A - - 1996
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a rare primary myocardial disease, characterized by hypertrophy of the left and/or right ventricle. Infants of diabetic mothers (IDM) are at risk for development of HCM, respiratory distress and persistent pulmonary hypertension. A case of severe right sided HCM in an infant born to a diabetic ...
Lazebnik N - - 1996
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the severity of polyhydramnios with or without maternal diabetes and the prevalence of large-for-gestational-age newborn infants. A case control design was used. The study group consisted of 275 singleton pregnancies with an amniotic fluid index > or = 25.0 ...
Dahlquist G G - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether there was a temporal and geographical clustering of time of birth for infants with childhood-onset diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The nationwide Swedish Childhood Diabetes Registry, which ascertains 99% of children with recent-onset diabetes (0-14 years), was linked with the Swedish Medical Birth Registry. Clustering of ...
Rosenn B - - 1996
Even though perinatal mortality of infants of diabetic mothers has decreased remarkably in recent years and now approaches that of the general population, these infants still face a multitude of potential complications and the propensity for increased morbidity, both in utero and postnatally. Many of these complications are clearly related ...
al-Dabbous I A - - 1996
Diabetic mothers and their offspring were prospectively studied. Perinatal and neonatal morbidity and mortality data were analysed. Out of 11,677 deliveries in the hospital, 133 (1.14%) were delivered by diabetic mothers. They were made up of six (4.5%) stillbirths and 127 (95.5%) live births. Seventy-seven (57.9%), 55 (41.3%) and 1 ...
Tyrala E E - - 1996
The history of the medical success in treatment of the pregnant diabetic woman and her infant in the twentieth century illustrates how the combined efforts of dedicated clinicians and researchers have resulted in dramatic improvements in outcome for this patient group. This article discusses fetal growth, metabolic complications of the ...
Fraser S H - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between the subtypes of hypertension in pregnancy and subsequent neonatal haematology. METHODOLOGY: Retrospective review of the haematology of newborns of hypertensive mothers at a tertiary neonatal unit. RESULTS: Over a 2 year period, 249 infants had full blood examinations. Nineteen (7.6%) were neutropenic and 35 ...
Bracero L A - - 1996
The aim of this study was to determine whether there is a gender-related difference in the morbidity and mortality of infants of diabetic mothers. We also wanted to identify risk factors associated with adverse pregnancy outcome, and create a perinatal morbidity index. We performed a retrospective review of 107 women ...
Tanasijevic M J - - 1996
The authors evaluated the performance of the amniotic fluid surfactant to albumin ratio (FLM S/A), and disaturated phosphatidylcholine (DSPC) tests in assessing fetal lung maturity in infants of mothers with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus antedating pregnancy. The distribution of the study population (n = 180) by class of diabetes was class ...
Morssink L P - - 1995
The aim of this prospective descriptive cross-sectional study was to examine the clinical significance of abnormal maternal serum human chorionic gonadotropin (MShCG) and alpha-fetoprotein (MSAFP) in the second trimester of pregnancy. The study group comprised 8892 women with a singleton pregnancy, who were screened for a neural tube defect and ...
Livingston E G - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To assess the usefulness of the recently introduced TDx-FLM assay in managing pregnant women with diabetes. METHODS: Participating institutions were recruited from the 1993 and 1994 Society of Perinatal Obstetricians Diabetes Special Interest Group meetings. Study patients consisted of insulin-dependent diabetic women who had undergone transabdominal amniocentesis with assay ...
Vural M - - 1995
Several cardiologic pathologies are seen in infants of diabetic mothers (IDMs). Though asymmetrical septal hypertrophy (ASH) is a frequent pathology in IDMs, it is not routinely searched for with an echocardiographic scan. We have performed an echocardiographic examination for all IDMs (56 neonates) hospitalized between January 1987 and December 1992 ...
Werner E J - - 1995
The neonatal polycythemia/hyperviscosity syndrome continues to perplex the pediatrician. Although it is reasonably common, with an incidence of 1% to 5%, significant symptoms are less frequent and may be more due to predisposing factors such as perinatal asphyxia, intrauterine hypoxia, or hypoglycemia. Infants who are small for gestational age or ...
Nord E - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy of diagnosing gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) by a 2-h blood glucose value > or = 9.0 mmol/l in the 75 g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). The maternal and neonatal outcome in women with a 2-h blood glucose value just below this limit, 8.0-8.9 mmol/l, ...
Shah D M - - 1995
Our objective was to compare the outcome of premature infants of mothers with preeclampsia and hypertension with properly matched controls to examine whether infants of mothers with preeclampsia are at a lesser risk. We designed a retrospective cohort study of 99 infants of mothers with preeclampsia and hypertension (IHM) at ...
Schrader H M - - 1995
The purpose of this study was to modify the traditional gestational diabetes screening process in order to provide a test that might more reliably detect those women at risk of delivering a macrosomic infant despite a negative test for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Pregnant women (n = 160) were screened ...
Sood A K - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To determine the usefulness of an objective assessment of humeral soft tissue thickness in estimating birth weight in a population at risk for macrosomia. METHODS: Shortly before delivery, ultrasound examinations were performed on 95 women at risk of having macrosomic infants. In each case, the fetal humeral soft tissue ...
Horal M - - 1995
Subcutaneous microdialysis was used to monitor the immediate metabolic changes with respect to glucose, glycerol and lactate in the extracellular space of adipose tissue among five small-for-gestational-age (SGA) and two appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) newborns. There was a good correlation between glucose levels in blood and dialysate (r = 0.97, n = ...
Gazzolo D - - 1995
Seventy-one pregnancies complicated by gestational diabetes and 100 healthy pregnancies were monitored on two occasions (between 27th-32nd and 33rd-36th week of gestation) by behavioural state analysis (1F coincidence; 2F coincidence) and umbilical artery Doppler velocimetry (UA) (Resistance Index, RI). The purpose of our study was to determine if the development ...
Greene M F - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To measure the incidence of microcephaly among infants of diabetic mothers (IDM) and assess its relationship to metabolic control during pregnancy. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Head circumference data for 556 consecutive live-born singleton infants of women with insulin-requiring diabetes antedating pregnancy delivered between 28 and 40 weeks of gestation ...
Mehta S - - 1995
In a previous study, asymptomatic infants of mothers with gestational diabetes (IGDMs) were observed to have altered left ventricular (LV) filling. In the present study, we reanalyzed the data to examine whether the observed abnormalities were related to maternal diabetes or due to the greater preponderance of macrosomic infants (32%) ...
Yagi M - - 1995
We herein present two female siblings with persistent hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia in the neonatal period who were diagnosed as having familial nesidioblastosis. Despite both the administration of diazoxide and the intravenous infusion of glucose, one of the affected infants died of severe metabolic acidosis at about 1 month of age, before ...
Peterson K A - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence suggests that infant morbidity is increased among women who have abnormal prenatal glucose screening tests but who do not have gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). These women fall into a diagnostic gray zone and historically have not been treated. METHODS: Forty-eight pregnant women with abnormal oral glucose challenge ...
Van Allen M I - - 1994
Severe and mild deformations in newborn infants of insulin dependent diabetic mothers (IDDMs) and control mothers were evaluated with respect to the types of anomalies and previously hypothesized constraint factors. Factors evaluated were gestational length, birth weight, corrected birth weight for gestation (weight ratio), maternal height and parity, and severe ...
Keidan I - - 1994
Renal venous thrombosis was diagnosed in the first week of life in 6 of 30,101 live infant births born at the Chaim Sheba Medical Center in Israel from 1984 to 1989. The thrombosis was unilateral in 5 neonates and bilateral in 1. Predisposing maternal risk factors included 2 cases of ...
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