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Aly Hany - - 2005
Factors affecting bone turnover in premature infants are not entirely clear but certainly are different from those influencing bones of adults and children. To identify fetal and maternal factors that might influence bone turnover, we prospectively studied 50 infants (30 preterm and 20 full-term) born at Ain Shams University Obstetric ...
Hunger-Dathe W - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Undiagnosed gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with severe perinatal complications. PATIENTS AND METHODS:Out of 970 women, infant and maternal morbidity was assessed in 114 mother-children-pairs with an infant birth weight over the 90th percentile (Voigt et al., 1996). It was the aim of this retrospective study to assess ...
Baumeister F A M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic agenesis is a rare cause of neonatal diabetes mellitus and the knowledge about the clinical features is sparse. A patient with pancreatic agenesis and double outlet right ventricle is reported. This association has not previously been reported. In addition a synopsis of the patients (n = 14) with ...
Ho Lai-Fong - - 2005
A prospective observational study was performed to examine the relationship between estimated caloric intake with maternal blood glucose profile and infant outcome in a group of Chinese women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) treated by diet alone. Following the diagnosis of GDM according to the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria, ...
Sarkar Shikha - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Infants of diabetic mothers (IDMs) are at an increased risk for thromboembolic disease. The mechanism(s) to explain this association is unclear. We hypothesized that the pathophysiology of thrombosis in IDMs is multifactorial and likely involves interactions among genetic and acquired factors affecting the procoagulant, anticoagulant and fibrinolytic pathways. OBJECTIVE: ...
Vaux Keith K - - 2005
The mechanisms by which maternal diabetes causes malformations in the offspring have yet to be elucidated. The purpose of this report is twofold: first, to describe three male infants born with multiple congenital anomalies and megalourethra, a defect which has not been previously reported in infants of women with diabetes; ...
Nakanishi S - - 2005
AIM/HYPOTHESIS: HbA(1)c concentrations are known to be associated with all-cause excess mortality risk in Caucasians. However, the relationship has not been clarified well in the Japanese. In addition, studies of the relationship between HbA(1)c and mortality from malignant neoplasms are scarce. METHODS: HbA(1)c was measured for 3,710 people of a ...
Mathew Mariam - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the risk factors predisposing to fetal macrosomia and assess the maternal and perinatal outcome in these patients. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of all macrosomic deliveries in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Sultanate of Oman, during a 3-year period from January ...
Demiroren Kaan - - 2005
AIM: To compare echocardiographic findings of infants of diabetic mothers (IDMs), macrosomic infants of nondiabetic mothers and healthy full term appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) infants. METHODS: Included in this study were 83 infants, admitted to our Neonatology Unit. Thirty-three IDMs, including both macrosomic and nonmacrosomic, comprised Group A, 25 macrosomic infants of ...
Anderson James L - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Maternal obesity and diabetes are both associated with increased risk of congenital central nervous system (CNS) malformations in the offspring and may share a common underlying mechanism. Our objective was to evaluate whether gestational diabetes influenced the association of prepregnancy maternal obesity and risks for CNS birth defects. METHODS: ...
Manikoth Prakash - - 2005
Meconium peritonitis is a sterile chemical peritonitis caused by peritoneal seeding of meconium from an antenatal gastrointestinal perforation. We report a 32-week preterm female neonate who developed meconium peritonitis due to bowel perforation, secondary to a twisted left fallopian tube mass, which was excised and confirmed by histopathology. This association ...
Chan Ben Chong Pun - - 2005
AIM: To examine the influence of diet-treated gestational diabetes mellitus on the obstetric performance of mothers aged 40 and above. METHOD: We reviewed the delivery records of 205 mothers aged 40 and above who delivered over a 3-year period. A 75-gram oral glucose tolerance test was performed in all cases ...
Kurtoglu Selim - - 2005
Hyperinsulinism of infancy is a major cause of persistent hypoglycaemia in the newborn period. Transient mild self-limiting hyperinsulinaemia and hypoglycaemia have been described in neonates born to mothers taking ritodrine therapy for premature labour. Ritodrine crosses the placental barrier and enters the fetal circulation readily but the mechanism of how ...
Davis Elysia Poggi - - 2005
During pregnancy corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) is released into maternal and fetal circulation from the placenta. Elevated concentrations of placental CRH are associated with spontaneous preterm birth, but the consequences for infant development, independent of birth outcome, are unknown. In this study, the effects of placental CRH on infant temperament were ...
Hansen-Pupp I - - 2005
OVERVIEW: Use of a suction-induced epidermal mini-erosion for serial sampling of dermal interstitial fluid (IF) in 16 newborn infants with gestational age ranging from 24 to 42 weeks is reported. RESULTS: The mini-erosion formed reproducibly and electron microscopy showed that the split was located within the epidermis. IF was sampled ...
Sepa Anneli - - 2004
Psychological stress may, via hormonal levels, increase insulin resistance. The aim of this study was to investigate whether mothers' attachment insecurity is associated with the induction or progression of diabetes-related autoimmunity in early childhood. Adult attachment interviews were conducted with 18 mothers of infants who were positive, and 32 mothers ...
Stotland N E - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Macrosomia is associated with adverse maternal outcomes. The objective of this study was to characterize the epidemiology of macrosomia and related maternal complications. METHOD: Live births (146,526) were identified between 1995 and 1999 in the Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program's Northern California Region (KPMCP NCR) database. Bivariate and multivariate ...
Jackson Lesley - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to define plasma catecholamine responses as part of the counterregulatory hormonal reaction to hypoglycemia in infants after a regular 3- to 4-h feed was omitted. Hormone levels were assessed once, at the end of the fast or at hypoglycemia. The 121 infants were subdivided ...
Ng P C - - 2004
This study aimed to investigate 1) the effect of maternal diabetes mellitus on ghrelin, resistin, leptin, and insulin in term newborns; 2) the interrelationship of these metabolic hormones in the early postnatal period; and 3) the association of the hormones with anthropometric parameters at birth. A total of 120 term ...
Salim Raed - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Differences in weight and body composition have been reported between infants of nondiabetic and diabetic mothers. These differences may explain the propensity for shoulder dystocia in the diabetic population. We investigated whether differences in anthropometric measurements still exist between infants of nondiabetic and diabetic mothers following strict glycemic control. ...
Reader Diane - - 2004
Human milk is recommended for infants throughout at least the first year of life. Breastfeeding is also recommended for infants of women with preexisting diabetes or gestational diabetes. Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) 2002 provides recommendations for energy and macronutrients for all ages and for pregnancy and lactation. During the first ...
Kerssen A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: There is increasing evidence that in healthy populations, breast-fed infants are leaner than formula-fed infants. It is of interest to know the effects of breast-feeding on infant weight in case of maternal diabetes, given the high incidence of fetal macrosomia and risk of childhood obesity in this population. DESIGN ...
Dafallah Saad E - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Abruptio placentae is one of the leading causes of perinatal deaths. Abruptio placentae increase the neonatal morbidity and mortality. It is one of the recognized causes of low birth weight. The purpose of this study was to examine the risk factors for abruptio placentae together with the maternal and ...
Regev Rivka H - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Bone strength in infants of mothers with gestational diabetes mellitus (IGDM) was reported to be either decreased or unaltered. However, no report using quantitative ultrasound measurement of speed of sound (QUS-SOS) for bone strength assessment has been published. The aim of the present study was to assess bone strength ...
Sumnik Z - - 2004
In several populations, maternal age at delivery and birth order have been demonstrated to variously affect the risk of Type 1 diabetes mellitus in the offspring. The aim of the present study was to investigate this relation in the Czech population. Questionnaire data on 640 children with childhood-onset Type 1 ...
Chou Yin-Jou - - 2004
We prenatally diagnosed MELAS syndrome in a fetus whose mother and older brother had the MELAS-specific A3243G mutation. The mutant mtDNA level of the amniotic fluid cells was not significantly different from that of the postnatal peripheral blood and hair follicle samples. The obstetrical course was uncomplicated except for transient ...
Cinaz Peyami - - 2004
Infants born to diabetic mothers have elevated cord blood leptin levels. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the situation persists at the 2nd postnatal day, taking the fasting and satiety states into account and the influence of fetal exposure to hyperinsulinemia, which are proven important contributing factors ...
Kozák-Bárány Andrea - - 2004
THE AIM OF THE STUDY: We assessed by echocardiography the left ventricular systolic and diastolic function in newborn infants of mothers with well-controlled pregestational type 1 or gestational diabetes (IDM) in comparison to normal term neonates. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Two-dimensional/M-mode and Doppler transmitral flow velocity measurements were performed in 18 ...
Hussain K - - 2004
Transient hyperinsulinism (HI) occurs in infants born to diabetic mothers, in infants experiencing perinatal asphyxia and in infants with intrauterine growth retardation. The precise mechanism of transient HI in these different aetiologies is not fully understood. Lactic acidosis is commonly seen in neonates as a secondary phenomenon due to hypoxia, ...
Atasay B - - 2004
The effect of oral administration of desmopressin (DDAVP) solution was investigated in a very low birth weight premature infant with central diabetes insipidus that was associated with grade four germinal matrix hemorrhage. As an alternative to the nasal route, long-term successful management resulting in favorable growth and development during infancy ...
Bennett Johnson Suzanne - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To describe maternal anxiety associated with newborn genetic screening for type 1 diabetes during the first year after risk notification. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Mothers of at-risk infants (n = 435), identified through newborn genetic screening as part of the Prospective Assessment of Newborn for Diabetes Autoimmunity (PANDA) study, ...
Littner Yoav - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Bone speed of sound is a measure of bone breakability. There are few reports on bone mineral content in large for gestational age infants; most of them in infants of diabetic mothers. There are no data on bone speed of sound in large for gestational age infants of nondiabetic ...
Cleves M A - - 2004
This article summarizes a presentation by one of the authors (CAH) to the Fifth Annual Meeting of the Diabetes in Pregnancy Study Group of North America. Dr Hobbs, MD, PhD, the Director of the Arkansas Center for Birth Defects Research and Prevention, presented an overview of the collaborative strategies developed ...
Watson Diana - - 2003
BACKGROUND: When gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is diagnosed in a population with a high prevalence of unrecognised type 2 diabetes mellitus (type 2 DM), the rate of neonatal morbidity is not clear. There is also a paucity of data reporting neonatal outcome in women with recognised type 2 DM. AIM: ...
Salhab Walid A - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To assess the outcome of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants < or =1000 g as it relates to antenatal steroids (ANS) therapy. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of 124 infants born between January 1995 and December 1997. Infants born to mothers with pregnancy-induced hypertension, diabetes, and severe growth ...
Gonc E Nazli - - 2003
Hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia associated with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX) has generally been reported in adults who had renal impairment or in patients with AIDS using high dose TMP-SMX. We present a 5 month-old infant with immunodeficiency due to major histocompatibility complex class II expression defect, developing hypoglycemic convulsion on the third day of ...
Eriksson Johan G - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Although a link between small body size at birth and later type 2 diabetes has been repeatedly documented, less is known about the associations between the disease and growth during infancy. The aim of this study was to explore the pathways of infant and early growth that lead to ...
Rosenberg Terry J - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between excessive prepregnancy weight and adverse outcomes, with a focus on women weighing over 200 lbs (91 kg) before pregnancy. METHODS: Data were from the 1998-1999 New York City births file for 213,208 singletons with information on prepregnancy weight. Five categories of prepregnancy weight were ...
Karimu Ande L - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Fetal macrosomia, defined as birth weight greater than 4000 g, complicates 10% of pregnancies and is a well-documented cause of prolonged second stage of labour, as well as of arrest of descent of the fetal presenting part. CASE: A multigravida woman with gestational diabetes mellitus was admitted in labour ...
Golomb Meredith R - - 2003
Prothrombotic disorders are believed to be important contributors to the etiology of peri- and neonatal arterial ischemic stroke and sinovenous thrombosis, which may lead to life-long disability. This article reviews hematological issues unique to the perinatal period, including: the significance of the placenta as the interface between maternal and fetal ...
Pattaragarn Anirut - - 2003
A 1-month-old male infant presented with failure to thrive, polyuria, and severe hypernatremic dehydration. Based on family history, lack of response to vasopressin, and normal sonography of the urinary system, the diagnosis of congenital nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (cNDI) was established. The infant responded well to indomethacin in combination with hydrochlorothiazide ...
Boulet Sheree L - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: We describe maternal risk factors for macrosomia and assess birth weight categories to determine predictive thresholds of adverse outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed linked live birth and infant death cohort files from 1995 to 1997 for the United States with the use of selected term (37-44 weeks of gestation) ...
Correa Adolfo - - 2003
To evaluate whether the risk for birth defects associated with maternal diabetes is attenuated by use of multivitamin supplements during the periconceptional period. In the population-based Atlanta Birth Defects Case-Control Study, we identified case infants who had nonsyndromic birth defects that were reported to be associated with diabetes (n = ...
Sarkar Subrata - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Infants of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM)-A1 women are unlikely to experience the marked excursion in maternal glucose levels that may characterize insulin-requiring GDM (class-A2) or insulin-dependent diabetes (IDDM). However, infants born to GDM-A1 women are traditionally managed like infants born to GDM-A2 or IDDM women. AIMS: To examine monitoring ...
Mello Giorgio - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate, in pregnant women without gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), the relation among obstetric/demographic characteristics; fasting, 1-h, and 2-h plasma glucose values resulting from a 75-g glucose load; and the risk of abnormal neonatal anthropometric features and then to verify the presence of a threshold glucose value for a ...
Rusconi Roberto - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect on the timing of menarche of the different subtypes of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JCA) and their therapies. METHODS: Auxological data (including the age at menarche of themselves and their mothers) were collected from 83 females regularly attending our rheumatological unit. Malnourished patients were excluded from ...
Carmichael Stacy K - - 2003
PURPOSE: To assess accuracy of mothers' understanding of their newborns' genetic risk for type 1 diabetes and to identify predictors of the comprehension and retention of genetic information. METHODS: Mothers of 435 newborns genetically screened at birth were informed of the infant's risk for type 1 diabetes using a standard ...
Gillman Matthew W - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Obesity increases risk of many adverse outcomes, but its early origins are obscure. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) reflects a metabolically altered fetal environment associated with high birth weight, itself associated with later obesity. Previous studies of GDM and offspring obesity, however, have been few and conflicting. The objectives of ...
Pezzati M - - 2003
Hyperinsulinism is an important cause of hypoglycemia in early infancy. Many forms of hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia are described: transient, prolonged, persistent. Transient forms are well recognized in infants of diabetic mother; prolonged forms are responsible for the hypoglycemia in small-for-date (SGA) infants and asphyxiated newborns. Persistent hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia occurs in a ...
Jackson L - - 2003
AIMS: To define clinical, metabolic, and hormonal characteristics of preterm infants relative to glucagon responsiveness. METHODS: Two phase study of 78 preterm infants (25-36 weeks gestation) on regular four hourly feeds anticipating discharge home at 36 weeks mean corrected gestation. In phase 1 infants were fasted until hypoglycaemic, or maximally ...
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