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Garcia Bartels Natalie - - 2011
Background: Skin care is important especially in infancy as the skin barrier matures during the first year of life. We studied the effects of baby swimming and baby lotion on the skin barrier function of infants. Subjects and methods: 44 infants aged 3-6 months were included in this mono-center prospective ...
Paller Amy S - - 2011
The skin is increasingly recognized as a component of the innate immune response, in addition to its role as a physical barrier. Although the deleterious effects of solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR), including immunosuppression and cutaneous tumorigenesis, are widely acknowledged, most studies to date have concentrated on adult skin. Despite the ...
Vincent Sarah - - 2011
A growing body of evidence suggests that extended skin-to-skin contact between mother and baby immediately after birth provides numerous and significant benefits including regulating heartbeat and temperature for the baby, protecting against infections, and promoting feelings of calm and wellbeing in both mother and baby. As a result the Baby ...
Chemello Raissa Massaia Londero - - 2011
Studies on the effects of breastfeeding on the development of Atopic Dermatitis (AD) have shown controversial results. The importance of this condition deserves further studies; in particular, it remains unclear whether colonization of atopic patients by Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) through breastfeeding is relevant to the development of AD. To ...
Dalbye Rebecka - - 2011
Previous reports have shown that skin-to-skin contact immediately after birth is the optimal form of care for a full-term, healthy infant and its mother. As this is rarely researched the aim of this study was to explore experiences of skin-to-skin care in healthy mothers of healthy, full-term infants in the ...
Cashen Katherine - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To assess emergency department (ED) utilization and physician preparedness for infants with single ventricle (SV) physiology between stage 1 and stage 2 surgical palliation. STUDY DESIGN: Records of infants with SV physiology discharged after stage I palliation between July 2006 and June 2009 were retrospectively reviewed. Next, a cross-sectional ...
Chang Jen Jen - - 2011
We evaluated the birth outcomes of planned home births. We conducted a retrospective cohort study using Missouri vital records from 1989 to 2005 to compare the risk of newborn seizure and intrapartum fetal death in planned home births attended by physicians/certified nurse midwives (CNMs) or non-CNMs with hospitals/birthing center births. ...
Winklerprins Vince - - 2011
Recurrent wheezing, especially apart from colds, combined with physician-diagnosed eczema or atopic dermatitis, eosinophilia, and a parental history of asthma, increase the probability of a subsequent asthma diagnosis in the absence of other causes.
Abouelfettoh Amel - - 2011
The preterm infants' skin is structurally and functionally immature at birth because of immature stratum corneum barrier function, leading to problems with fluid loses, thermoregulation, and infection. Two parameters of barrier function can be non-invasively assessed: Stratum Corneum Hydration (SCH) and Transepidermal Water Loss (TEWL). Skin-to-Skin Care (SSC) is the ...
Donma Mustafa Metın - - 2011
Background:  Macrosomia is associated with childhood obesity. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a risk factor for macrosomia. The aim of this large-scale investigation was to determine the incidence, risk factors, characteristic features, and perinatal outcome of macrosomic infants. Methods:  This prospective study was carried out on 6385 newborns. Demographic data ...
Anzures Gizelle - - 2011
An abundance of experience with own-race faces and limited to no experience with other-race faces has been associated with better recognition memory for own-race faces in infants, children, and adults. This study investigated the developmental origins of this other-race effect (ORE) by examining the role of a salient perceptual property ...
Akın Mustafa Ali - - 2011
Subcutaneous fat necrosis of the newborn (ScFN) is an uncommon condition caused by generalized and/or local tissue hypoperfusion. The skin lesions of ScFN tend to improve spontaneously. However, ScFN may also lead to complications which cause serious problems. The severity of the etiologic factors contributing to the development of the ...
Stefanovic Iva Mihatov - - 2011
Neonatal sepsis is the most common cause of neonatal deaths with high mortality despite treatment. Neonatal sepsis can be classified into two subtypes depending upon onset of symptoms. There are many factors that make neonates more susceptable to infection. Signs of sepsis in neonates are often non-specific and high degree ...
Kollamparambil Tanoj Gopalan - - 2011
Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (DI) in the foetus has been described as a rare presentation of severe polyhydramnios. We report a case of foetal central DI, characterised by severe polyhydramnios. Significant polyuria was noted at birth. Serum AVP level was un-measurable (<0.5 pg/ml). A dramatic response to intravenous dDAVP (desmopressin) was noted ...
Kolachi Nida Fatima - - 2011
The mechanism of transport of trace elements from the mother to the newborn is still not well known. The aim of present study was to compare the status of trace toxic elements, arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), and lead (Pb) in biological samples (whole blood, urine and scalp hair) of insulin-dependent ...
Oddsberg Jenny - - 2010
The etiology of esophageal atresia is poorly understood. The incidence of some congenital malformations is increased in children of mothers with diabetes, but the role of maternal diabetes in esophageal atresia development in the infant is unknown. We hypothesized that maternal diabetes increases the risk of esophageal atresia in the ...
Jain Ashish - - 2010
Hypocalcemia is a frequently observed clinical and laboratory abnormality in neonates. Ionic calcium is crucial for many biochemical processes including blood coagulation, neuromuscular excitability, cell membrane integrity, and many of the cellular enzymatic activities. Healthy term infants undergo a physiological nadir in serum calcium levels by 24-48 h of age. ...
Sankar M Jeeva - - 2010
Polycythemia is defined as a venous hematocrit above 65%. The hematocrit in a newborn peaks at 2 h of age and decreases gradually after that. The relationship between hematocrit and viscosity is almost linear till 65% and exponential thereafter. Increased viscosity of blood is associated with symptoms of hypo-perfusion. Clinical ...
Baron Cynthia M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Obstetrical risk is increased with maternal obesity. This prospective study was designed to simultaneously evaluate the outcomes in obese parturients and their newborns. METHODS: Patients with a body mass index (BMI) > or =35 were prospectively identified and compared to an equal number of normal weight parturients. Maternal and ...
Alorainy Ibrahim A - - 2010
About 3 to 10% of pregnancies are complicated by glycemic control abnormalities. Maternal diabetes results in significantly greater risk for antenatal, perinatal, and neonatal morbidity and mortality, as well as congenital malformations. The number of diabetic mothers is expected to rise, as more and more of the obese pediatric female ...
Mericq Veronica - - 2010
Proinflammatory advanced glycation end products (AGEs) found in thermally processed foods correlate with serum AGEs (sAGEs) and promote type 1 and type 2 diabetes in mice. Herein we assess the relationship of maternal blood and food AGEs to circulating glycoxidants, inflammatory markers, and insulin levels in infants up to age ...
Al Khushi Naif - - 2010
Apparent life-threatening events (ALTEs), because of their prevalence as well as their potential to hide serious diseases and consume significant medical resources, remain a challenge for physicians caring for infants. In this review, we focused on the assessment of the well-appearing infant for the most serious diagnoses, namely serious bacterial ...
Okumus Nurullah - - 2010
Congenital lumbar hernia (CLH) is rarely seen in children and the patients with CLH usually have other congenital anomalies. The most common clinical presentation of CLH, previously named lumbocostovertebral syndrome, includes hemivertebrae, absent ribs, and abdominal wall muscle hypoplasia. We report on an infant of a diabetic mother presenting with ...
Siegel Benjamin - - 2010
Erasto is a term infant born by vaginal delivery to a gravida 7 para 7 Somalia woman with full prenatal care in the United States. His mother had gestational diabetes. The delivery was complicated by respiratory distress and an urgent admission to the neonatal intensive care unit for further evaluation ...
Gupta Vijay - - 2010
We report a case of transient hyperinsulinism with hypocortisolemia in a preterm small for date neonate with recurrent hypoglycemia and perinatal stress. Investigation revealed increased Insulin level with subnormal cortisol level even during hypoglycemia. Hypoglycemia resolved by its own by 22nd day of life with normal insulin and cortisol level ...
Ahlsson F - - 2010
AIM: It has been demonstrated that females born large for gestational age (LGA) in weight but not length are at increased risk of being obese at childbearing age. We addressed the question whether women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are at increased risk of giving birth to such infants. METHODS: ...
Ley Sylvia H - - 2010
Childhood obesity is on the rise and is a major risk factor for type 2 diabetes later in life. Recent evidence indicates that abnormalities that increase risk for diabetes may be initiated early in infancy. Since the offspring of women with diabetes have an increased long-term risk for obesity and ...
Tieu Joanna J ARCH: Australian Research Centre for Health of Women and Babies, Discipline of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The University of Adelaide, Women's and Children's Hospital, 1st floor, Queen Victoria Building, 72 King William Road, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, - - 2010
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a form of diabetes that occurs in pregnancy. Although GDM usually resolves following birth, it is associated with significant morbidities for mother and baby both perinatally and in the long term. There is strong evidence to support treatment for GDM. However, there is little consensus ...
Lamb Molly M MM Department of Epidemiology, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, 80045, - - 2010
Childhood obesity tracks into adulthood, and may increase diabetes and cardiovascular disease risk in adulthood. Prospective analyses may better define the pathways between early life factors and greater childhood body mass index (BMI), a measure of obesity. The Diabetes Autoimmunity Study in the Young (DAISY) prospectively follows children from birth ...
Gustafsson Jan - - 2009
Glucose is the most important foetal energy substrate. At birth the transplacental transfer of substrates is terminated. Before the start of breastfeeding the newborn infant must produce its own glucose particularly for the need of the central nervous system. Neonatal hypoglycaemia commonly occurs in risk groups such as immature and ...
Aschwald Camille L - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine how the frequency, timing and magnitude of hyperglycemia are associated with large-for-gestational-age (LGA) infants in pregnancies complicated by type 1 diabetes. METHODS: Charts from pregnant women with type 1 diabetes (n = 70) were reviewed. Indices of maternal glycemic control were determined for seven gestational periods (weeks ...
Kent Alison L - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Placental vascular changes associated with maternal disease states may affect fetal vascular development. There is evidence suggesting that being born prematurely is associated with a higher blood pressure (BP) in later life. AIM: To determine whether maternal disease state affects BP in the early neonatal period. METHODS: Cohort study ...
Forster Della A DA Mother and Child Health Research, La Trobe University, 324–328 Little Lonsdale Street, Melbourne, Australia. - - 2011
infants of women with diabetes in pregnancy are at increased risk of hypoglycaemia. If the infant's blood glucose is low and the mother is unable to breast feed/provide sufficient expressed breast milk, infants are often given formula. Some hospitals encourage women with diabetes to express breast milk before birth. However, ...
Das S - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare the neonatal outcomes and birth injuries of macrosomic infants born to diabetic mothers (IDM) and non-diabetic mothers (non-IDM). STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective survey of all live born, singleton neonates with a birth weight of > or = 4000 g, delivered at the Albert Einstein Medical ...
Siegel Benjamin - - 2009
Erasto is a term infant born by vaginal delivery to a gravida 7 para 7 Somalia woman with full prenatal care in the United States. His mother had gestational diabetes. The delivery was complicated by respiratory distress and an urgent admission to the neonatal intensive care unit for further evaluation ...
Chertok I R A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Infants born to diabetic women are at higher risk for hypoglycaemia related to hyperinsulinism in response to maternal hyperglycaemia during pregnancy. As such, recommendations to prevent neonatal hypoglycaemia include infant feeding in the early postpartum period. The present study aimed to examine the effect of early breastfeeding and type ...
Badenhoop K K Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, University Hospital Frankfurt, Frankfurt am Main, Germany. - - 2009
The region on chromosome 6p21 (IDDM1) confers the largest part of genetic susceptibility to type 1 diabetes (T1D) with particular human leucocyte antigen (HLA) alleles predisposing and others protecting from it. As T1D is primarily a "sporadic" disease, the pathophysiology must involve gene-environment interactions. We searched for indirect evidence for ...
Maayan-Metzger Ayala - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To discover the risk factors for developing hypoglycemia in newborns born to diabetic mothers and to characterize the rates of glucose concentrations in the first two days of life. METHODS: Retrospective recordings of medical charts of 576 healthy term infants of diabetic mothers during an 18-month period. We determined ...
Stuebe Alison A Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Chapel Hill, - - 2009
Health outcomes in developed countries differ substantially for mothers and infants who formula feed compared with those who breastfeed. For infants, not being breastfed is associated with an increased incidence of infectious morbidity, as well as elevated risks of childhood obesity, type 1 and type 2 diabetes, leukemia, and sudden ...
Izumi Yuki - - 2009
AIMS: We analyze mortality of first-time diabetic amputees by stratifying by level of amputation, differentiating short-term and long-term mortality. METHODS: We evaluated 277 diabetic patients who received their first lower extremity amputation (LEA) during 1993-97. Subjects were followed until December 2003, and categorized by level of amputation. We compared the ...
Gonzalez-Gonzalez N L - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether maternal diabetes alters the habituation ability of fetuses and newborns. STUDY DESIGN: Two nonrandomized clinical trials were performed. First, we studied prenatal fetuses of women with pregestational diabetes, and control subjects matched for gestational age, and then we studied infants of diabetic mothers (IDM) and control ...
Ganesh Ramaswamy - - 2009
This study evaluates the clinical profiles and outcomes of children with infantile-onset diabetes mellitus (IODM) (onset at <1 year). Twelve infants with IODM presenting to our hospital from January 2003 to December 2007 are analyzed. All undergo thorough history, clinical examination, and investigations and are managed as per hospital-approved protocol ...
Couper Jennifer J - - 2009
In a prospective birth cohort study, we followed infants who had a first-degree relative with type 1 diabetes to investigate the relationship between early growth and infant feeding and the risk of islet autoimmunity. Infants with a first-degree relative with type 1 diabetes were identified during their mother's pregnancy. Dietary ...
Simmons Rebecca R Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital Philadelphia and University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. - - 2008
Obesity is a growing threat worldwide, and the prevalence has risen dramatically over the last decade. A number of epidemiological studies have shown that there is a direct relationship between birth weight and BMI in childhood and in adult life. A number of factors influence the development of childhood and ...
Haeri Sina - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to test whether vasculopathy in type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with fetal growth abnormalities. STUDY DESIGN: Women with type 1 DM (n = 340) were enrolled in a prospective study of diabetes in pregnancy and classified according to vascular status: NV ...
Shand A W - - 2008
AIM: To determine population-based rates and outcomes of pre-gestational diabetes mellitus (pre-GDM) and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in pregnancy. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study, using linked population databases, of all women, and their infants, discharged from hospital following birth in New South Wales (NSW) between 1 July 1998 and ...
Van Howe Robert S - - 2008
Our purpose was to identify factors that may contribute to hypoglycemia in large for gestational age (LGA) infants and subsets of infants for whom blood glucose screening would be clinically helpful. LGA infants of 36 to 42 weeks of gestational age using the Denver criteria were identified from the 1999 ...
Rossano Joseph W - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Tight glycemic control improves outcomes in critically ill adults. There are limited data regarding the effect of glycemic profiles in infants after cardiac operations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia on adverse events in infants undergoing the arterial switch operation. METHODS: ...
Ogonowski Jarosław - - 2008
AIMS: The aim of study was to assess the impact of intensive diabetic care, defined as target values for fasting glucose of 60-90mg/dl and 1-h postprandial glucose of below 130mg/dl, on neonatal birth weight in relation to risk indicators for fetal macrosomia in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: ...
Rowe Joanne - - 2008
Nappy dermatitis is a broad term used to describe an acute inflammatory reaction of the skin in the nappy area because of irritation from urine, faeces, moisture or friction. The prevalence is estimated to be between 7% and 35% in infants. Regular application of a barrier preparation at every nappy ...
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