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Results 451 - 500 of 623
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Deorari A K - - 1989
Echocardiography was carried out in 31 neonates (group 1) born to diabetic mothers and 37 control infants (group 2) matched for weight and gestational age. The interventricular septum was significantly thicker in group 1 babies (mean (SD) 4.77 (1.4) mm) compared with those in group 2 (2.5 (0.7) mm); in ...
Ranade A Y - - 1989
In a prospective study of 50 infants of diabetic mothers, 40% were large, 44% appropriate and 16% small for gestational age, 36% were preterm, 24% of the mothers were managed by dietary modification, 62% received insulin, 10% were treated with oral hypoglycemic agents while 4% did not receive any treatment ...
Abudu O O - - 1989
In an analysis of 6376 singleton births the prevalence of macrosomia was 4.9%; the attending perinatal mortality was 58/1000 compared to 18/1000 in controls. Eighty-three percent perinatal deaths occurred in unbooked patients after prolonged and neglected labor. Mortality and morbidity were weight related; the macrosomic baby delivered by section or ...
Haymond M W - - 1989
Although the conditions that cause hypoglycemia in adults may also be present in infants and children, there are many entities unique to the pediatric age group. This reflects the delicate balance that exists in the newborn and young child between glucose production and utilization. During fasting in infants and children, ...
Hill W C - - 1989
Insulin-like growth factors (IGFs/somatomedins) have been implicated as regulators of fetal growth. This study investigates whether IGFs are related to macrosomia in infants of normal or insulin-dependent diabetic mothers. Cord concentrations of IGF-I (radioimmunoassay), total IGF (radioreceptor assay) and IGF binding protein (radiobinding assay) were measured in 15 term infants ...
Soni A L - - 1989
Two cases of cyclopic malformations are described among 450 infants of diabetic mothers during a period of four years. Both died within 30 min. of birth. Both belonged to unrelated Libyan families with absent consanguinity and family history. No chromosomal defect was found in either. A possible etiological association with ...
Lamm C I - - 1988
The records of five neonates born to mothers treated with intravenously administered magnesium sulfate for tocolysis were retrospectively reviewed to assess the presence of radiographic, clinical, and biochemical abnormalities. Two infants had radiographic bony abnormalities; one had frank rachitic changes and dental enamel hypoplasia. One of these patients, as well ...
Langer O - - 1988
In this prospective study 246 women with gestational diabetes were followed up to determine the characteristics of metabolic control associated with large-for-gestational-age infants. Memory-based reflectance meters were used for self-monitoring blood glucose. Ambulatory glucose profiles were produced to characterize glycemic control levels throughout pregnancy. With these novel approaches to the ...
Reller M D - - 1988
Infants of diabetic mothers (IDMs) are at known risk for developing a hypertrophic type of cardiomyopathy. The severity of IDM cardiomyopathy can vary from an incidental finding on echocardiography to an infant with severe symptoms of congestive heart failure. The purpose of this article is to review the pathophysiologic mechanisms ...
Goi G - - 1988
The serum levels of the two enzymes of lysosomal origin, beta-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminidase and beta-D-glucuronidase, and the isozyme pattern of the former, were determined in control infants and in infants of diabetic mothers (IDM) on the 1st and 5th day after birth. IDM were divided into three groups. Group 1: class A ...
Mimouni F - - 1988
The present study was conducted to test the hypothesis that infants of diabetic mothers (IDMs) have decreased bone mineral content at birth, and whether or not decreased infant bone mineral content in IDMs correlates with poor control of diabetes during pregnancy, maternal bone mineral content, and the development of neonatal ...
Pollak A - - 1988
Non-enzymatic glycation of fetal tissue was studied by determining the glucitollysine content of umbilical cord extracts from twelve infants of diabetic mothers and fourteen infants of healthy, non-diabetic women (controls). The single, glycated amino-acid glycitollysine, which reflects the extent of glycation processes in biological samples, was measured by a standard ...
Hassan A A - - 1988
Failure of the shoulders to deliver after delivery of the head is known as shoulder dystocia. The risk factors associated with its occurrence were examined in women delivering vaginally at Jordan University Hospital. The profile of the patient most likely to present with shoulder dystocia was determined to be a ...
Livingstone V - - 1988
The number of mothers initiating breastfeeding has increased dramatically over the last decade but the percentage of mothers who terminate breastfeeding prematurely has remained constant. When mothers experience difficulty with breastfeeding, many physicians fail to diagnose and manage the problem effectively. Some physicians assume that mothers dislike breastfeeding and, in ...
Lautala P - - 1988
To clarify the role of insulin receptors in the macrosomia and the tendency to hypoglycemia in infants of mothers with insulin-treated diabetes mellitus (IDM) we studied insulin binding in erythrocytes from mixed umbilical blood and from peripheral venous blood collected when the infants were 3-14 days old. Normal infants were ...
Acker D B - - 1988
The risk factors associated with the occurrence of Erb-Duchenne palsy were examined. Of 22 palsies, 18 were noted among 32,088 nondiabetic gravidas (0.56 per 1000) compared with four among 380 diabetic gravidas (10.5 per 1000), a statistically significant difference. One in six infants of diabetic gravidas who sustained shoulder dystocia ...
Vitanza A - - 1988
In this study, a new glucose reflective meter was compared with a conventional laboratory measure of glucose concentration. The excellent correlation found (r = 0.988) simplicity and economic cost make the new method suitable for use in the neonatal intensive care (NICU) environment. The authors believe that the physician dealing ...
Singhi S - - 1988
Two groups of 45 term, vaginally delivered infants were studied to determine effect of maternal intrapartum glucose therapy on neonatal blood glucose level at birth and at one and 2 hours of age. Twenty-three infants whose mother received glucose infusion prior to delivery (study group) had a significantly higher mean ...
Zobel G - - 1989
Severe hyperkalemia due to acute renal failure occurred in a preterm infant of a diabetic mother. Despite infusions of calcium gluconate, sodium bicarbonate, glucose, and insulin, the rapidly increasing serum potassium concentration resulted in ventricular flutter. After cardiac resuscitation, continuous arteriovenous hemofiltration was started for potassium elimination. Within 3 h ...
Jacob J - - 1988
Differences in serum glucose values obtained from different extremities in newborns with umbilical artery catheters (UAC) through which a dextrose solution was administered were studied. Control infants (n = 20) had no difference in simultaneous capillary glucose values obtained from both lower extremities. Infants with a low UAC had a ...
Artal R - - 1988
Previous studies have demonstrated impaired perinatal adaptation of glucose homeostasis with inappropriately low levels of catecholamines and glucagon in newborn infants born to diabetic mothers. To investigate whether these neonatal changes are related to maternal metabolic control, we sequentially measured plasma glucose, catecholamines and glucagon in the neonatal period in ...
Kitzmiller J L - - 1987
We conducted a feasibility study of the use of computed tomography (CT) to measure the width of the fetal shoulders and to predict large birth weight in infants of diabetic mothers. Computed tomography pelvimetry using low-dose digital radiographs was performed before delivery at term in 22 diabetic women. Shoulder width ...
Saad S A - - 1987
Lecithin phosphorus concentration, the standard fetal lung maturity test in our institution, and phosphatidylglyercol were assayed in 69, 29, and 45 amniotic fluid samples from normal (GI), gestational (GII), and insulin-dependent diabetic (GIII) women by means of thin layer chromatography and Amniostat-FLM, respectively. Lecithin phosphorus concentration greater than or equal ...
Tamada M - - 1987
Immobilized Sporotrichum cellulophilum with nonwoven materials was cultured continuously by a rotating-disk fermentor to supply cellulase into the saccharification system. The filter paper activity (5.0) was retained after 696 h under conditions of 250 rpm stirring and 0.014 h(-1) dilution rate. The product of the culture was supplied continuously to ...
Weintraub R G - - 1987
An infant of a diabetic mother is described with severe neonatal hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy. Commencement of regular intravenous propranolol was associated with marked clinical improvement. Long-term oral propranolol was continued and at 12 months of age there was complete resolution of the cardiomyopathy. Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy hypertrophy was present in ...
Lie R T - - 1987
Two five-year cohorts, 1967-1971 and 1977-1981, of the Medical Birth Registry of Norway, were utilized to analyze secular trends in early neonatal mortality rates, controlling simultaneously for birth weight, parity, maternal age, and sex. Improvement in the crude early neonatal mortality rate, from 6.5 to 2.9 per 1,000, was partitioned ...
Issenman R M - - 1987
Diarrhea affecting infants and children is an important primary-care problem. Most winter infections are caused by rotavirus, but newer viral, bacterial and protozoan pathogens have been discovered. Fluid and electrolyte therapy is the mainstay of therapy. Antiemetic, antibiotic and antidiarrheal medications can usually be avoided. Commercial clear fluid products have ...
Krohn M - - 1987
All cases (884) of placental abruption reported on Washington State birth or fetal death certificates in 1980 and 1981 were compared with 789 randomly selected births from the same time period. The incidence of reported cases of placental abruption was 6.5 per 1000 total births. The combined stillbirth and first ...
Grasso S - - 1987
In this study the birth weights of 431 infants of diabetic mothers of the Milan series have been compared with the birth weights of infants of a control group. The averages and the centile distributions of weights of infants of gestational diabetic mothers (Class A) and of diabetic mothers without ...
Panero C - - 1987
In diabetic patients, the correlation between glycosilated adult hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels and average glucose concentration over the preceding weeks is well known. We have, therefore, sought the possibility to identify newborns at risk measuring cord blood levels of fetal glycosilated hemoglobin (HbF1) in neonates of diabetic mothers. HbF1 was tested ...
Goldkrand J W - - 1987
A retrospective analysis was undertaken of 128 pregnancies (131 infants) complicated by diabetes; 66 (51 per cent) were Class A and 62 (49 per cent) Class B-D-F-R. 53.9 per cent of all infants were large for gestational age (LGA) and there were no differences between the classes of diabetics. LGA ...
Morriss F H FH - - 1986
Duodenal motility was studied by intraluminal manometry in 27 healthy infants of 26 to 42 weeks, gestational age. The frequency of contractions, the number of contractions per burst, and the intraluminal peak pressure during contractions all increased during a narrow postconceptual period, 29 to 32 weeks, regardless of length of ...
Mimouni F - - 1986
The rate of neonatal polycythemia was determined prospectively in 34 infants of diabetic mothers pair-matched to 34 infants of nondiabetic mothers (control group) for site of sampling, time of sampling, time of cord clamping, gestational age, mode of delivery, and one- and five-minute Apgar scores. Polycythemia (venous hematocrit greater than ...
Violaris K - - 1986
Tachypnoea was significantly more common in class B than in class A or C infants of diabetic mothers. Whole blood viscosity at a standardised packed cell volume and moderately low shear rate was significantly higher in infants of diabetic mothers with tachypnoea than in those without tachypnoea or healthy controls.
Gora I - - 1986
Within the pediatric population of their practices, family physicians frequently encounter infants with skin rashes. This article discusses several of the more common rashes of infancy: atopic dermatitis, cradle cap, diaper dermatitis and miliaria. Etiology, clinical picture and possible approaches to treatment are presented.
Mimouni F - - 1986
The differential leukocyte count was studied within the first 24 hours of life in 115 infants of diabetic mothers (IDMs) appropriate for gestational age (AGA), 16 IDMs large for gestational age (LGA), 104 infants of non-diabetic mothers (INM's) AGA, and 22 INMs-LGA. A significant "shift to the left" was found ...
Rovamo L M - - 1986
To study postheparin plasma lipase activities in nonfed newborn infants immediately after birth and to investigate the possible influence of fetal hyperinsulinemia on lipoprotein lipase activity, we measured lipoprotein and hepatic lipase activities in 55 macrosomic newborn infants: group I consisted of 21 infants born to mothers with insulin-dependent diabetes. ...
Beischer N A - - 1986
In Victoria, in 1984, intrauterine hypoxia of unknown aetiology accounted for 59 of the 252 perinatal deaths of infants with a birth-weight of 2,500 g or more. These unexplained deaths occur in approximately 1 in 1,000 pregnancies near term, and in more than 90% of cases the infants are neither ...
Saltzman D H - - 1986
Infants of diabetic mothers are known to have a greater incidence of respiratory distress syndrome than normal control infants. Fetal lung maturation is modulated by a large number of hormones. To further investigate a possible role of hormonal modulators of lung maturation in infants of diabetic mothers, fetal cord prolactin, ...
Swanson R W - - 1986
The three cases presented in this article highlight some of the problems that family physicians encounter when their patients experience perinatal loss. By understanding the process of normal grieving, the family physician can help prevent pathological grief reactions. With cooperation from other members of the perinatal support team, the family ...
Oliven A - - 1986
The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether or not gastrointestinal (GI) enhanced insulin response occurs in newborn infants soon after birth. Glucose infusion by intravenous or orogastric routes was given to infants during the first 4 days of life, aiming at achieving similar plasma glucose concentrations. Their plasma ...
Khwaja S S - - 1986
The maternal factors and perinatal and neonatal outcome of 86 oversized infants (birthweight 4,500g and above) were studied. 11.6% of mothers were diabetics while 34.5% demonstrated a hyperglycaemic glucose tolerance test. A comparison of the maternal variables and perinatal and neonatal morbidity was made between the diabetic and nondiabetic group. ...
Kohaut E C - - 1986
The effect of dialysate volume on ultrafiltration in young patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) was studied. Twelve patients were evaluated. Each patient was studied with five different dialysate volumes (30, 40, 50 cc/kg and 2, 3 liters/1.73 m2) and two different dialysate glucose concentrations (1.5% and 4.25%). Dialysate ...
Bougneres P F - - 1986
Using a continuous intravenous infusion of D-(-)-3-hydroxy[4,4,4-2H3]butyrate tracer, we measured total ketone body transport in 12 infants: six newborns, four 1-6-mo-olds, one diabetic, and one hyperinsulinemic infant. Ketone body inflow-outflow transport (flux) averaged 17.3 +/- 1.4 mumol kg-1 min-1 in the neonates, a value not different from that of 20.6 ...
Singer D B - - 1986
Hepatic erythropoietic tissue is inversely proportional to the gestational age both in infants of diabetic mothers and in control cases. Hepatic erythropoietic and indices range from 17.8 in fetuses and babies before 28 weeks' gestational age to about 1.0 in fetuses and babies at 40-42 weeks' gestational age. The decline ...
Kliegman R M - - 1985
Galactose is a major nutrient in normal newborn infants and serves as a substrate for energy production and fuel storage and a regulator of carbohydrate assimilation. Inborn errors of galactose metabolism have contributed to our understanding of the potential toxicity of this carbohydrate. In addition to the classic acute manifestations ...
Acker D B - - 1985
The risk factors associated with the occurrence of shoulder dystocia were examined in the general obstetrical population of women delivering vaginally. An increasing incidence of shoulder dystocia was found as infant birth weight increased. Although one-third of shoulder dystocia occurred in pregnancies at 42 + weeks, except for those resulting ...
Morris M A - - 1985
Previous studies have indicated an association of fetal macrosomia with mild degrees of glucose intolerance in late pregnancy. To determine whether glycosylated hemoglobin concentration in early gestation was related to fetal outcome, 48 pregnant women with normal glucose tolerance and 21 women with gestational diabetes were studied. Glycosylated hemoglobin concentration ...
Barbieri R L - - 1985
Leydig cell hyperplasia is a common histological finding in male infants of diabetic mothers. The functional correlates of this histological finding were investigated by measuring beta hCG, testosterone, androstenedione, dihydrotestosterone, and progesterone in mixed cord serum of male and female infants of diabetic mothers (n = 40) and normal mothers ...
Kliegman R M - - 1985
The health consequences of obesity in adults encompass both metabolic and cardiovascular complications. Pregnancy in obese women also has a particular set of problems. For the obese pregnant woman, these include weight gain less than 5.4 kg, chronic hypertension and superimposed preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, multiple gestation, and the potential for ...
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