Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 665
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Stam Ronald W - - 2010
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in infants (< 1 year) is characterized by a poor prognosis and a high incidence of MLL translocations. Several studies demonstrated the unique gene expression profile associated with MLL-rearranged ALL, but generally small cohorts were analyzed as uniform patient groups regardless of the type of MLL ...
DeJohn Lucas Marino - - 2010
Acute ovarian torsion is an uncommon yet important diagnostic consideration in any female pediatric patient presenting with acute abdominal pain. A 2-month-old infant presented to the emergency department with a several-day history of constipation. Evaluation with plain radiographs demonstrated a subtle yet persistent soft tissue mass in the right pelvis. ...
Stam Ronald W - - 2010
MLL-rearranged acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) represents an unfavorable type of leukemia that often is highly resistant to glucocorticoids such as prednisone and dexamethasone. Because response to prednisone largely determines clinical outcome of pediatric patients with ALL, overcoming resistance to this drug may be an important step toward improving prognosis. Here, ...
Bardini M - - 2010
The pathogenesis of infant acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is still not well defined. Short latency to leukemia and very high concordance rate for ALL in Mixed-Lineage Leukemia (MLL)-positive infant twins suggest that the MLL rearrangement itself could be sufficient for overt leukemia. Attempts to generate a suitable mouse model for ...
Stumpel Dominique J P M - - 2009
MLL-rearranged infant acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) remains the most aggressive type of childhood leukemia, displaying a unique gene expression profile. Here we hypothesized that this characteristic gene expression signature may have been established by potentially reversible epigenetic modifications. To test this hypothesis, we used differential methylation hybridization to explore the ...
Harris Julie R - - 2009
To reduce mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in resource-poor settings, the World Health Organization recommends exclusive breast-feeding for 6 months, followed by rapid weaning if replacement feeding is affordable, feasible, available, safe, and sustainable. In the Kisumu Breastfeeding Study (trial registration: Clinicaltrials.gov identifier NCT00146380), infants of HIV-infected mothers ...
Gad Ashraf - - 2009
Atrial flutter is a serious form of neonatal tachyarrhythmia. Maternal drug use of cocaine and/or opiate is associated with central and autonomic nervous signs in fetuses and newborn infants. The fetal cardiovascular effects of cocaine and opiate exposure are not well characterized. We present the case of isolated atrial flutter ...
Emerenciano Mariana - - 2009
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in infants is characterized by a high frequency of MLL gene rearrangements. By contrast, the t(12;21) ETV6-RUNX1 fusion gene is typically detected in children older than 2 years. In a series of Brazilian infant leukemia cases, however, four younger cases harbored ETV6-RUNX1, at ages 2, 3, ...
Chantrain C F - - 2009
We report on an acute myeloid leukemia in a neonate whose mother was exposed to diethylstilboestrol in utero. The newborn presented with leukemia cutis, hemorrhagic skin lesions, hyperleucocytosis and disseminated intravascular coagulation. A bone marrow examination confirmed the diagnosis of acute monocytic leukemia with a t(11;19) MLL-ELL fusion transcript. Chemotherapy ...
Funato Michinori - - 2009
Primary acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with extramedullary infiltration (EMI) in multiple sites is rare. Herein, we describe a case of infant AML with EMI in multiple sites. She had dyspnea and hypofibrinogenemia at diagnosis, and systemic computed tomography revealed EMI in the orbit, gingiva, bronchial pathway, and urinary tract. Bone ...
Tomizawa Daisuke - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Despite the poor outcome of recurrent or refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in infants with MLL gene rearrangement, few studies have focused on this specific group. We conducted a retrospective analysis of infants with recurrent or refractory ALL from two previous consecutive Japanese studies to clarify the characteristics and ...
Pylypa Jen - - 2009
Research was conducted in rural Northeast Thailand to understand how mothers perceive children's acute illness episodes, and their resulting illness management strategies. Although diarrheal disease is one of the leading causes of illness among young children in Thailand, interviews revealed that mothers frequently do not classify infantile diarrhea as an ...
Neri-Almeida Daniela - - 2009
Nucleotides have been identified as conditionally essential nutrients. As prevention studies, conducted with nucleotide-supplemented formula, have shown statistically significant decrease in the risk of diarrhea, we tested the hypothesis that the consumption of nucleotide-supplemented formula during an acute diarrhea episode is associated with therapeutic effects in the treatment of infants ...
Van der Velden V H J VH Department of Immunology, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The - - 2009
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in infants younger than 1 year is a rare but relatively homogeneous disease ( approximately 80% MLL gene rearranged, approximately 70% CD10-negative) when compared with childhood and adult ALL. Several studies in children and adults with ALL have shown that minimal residual disease (MRD) status is ...
Han J J - - 2009
To compare the efficacy of albumin to normal saline (NS) for initial hydration therapy for dehydrated term infants with severe metabolic acidosis due to acute diarrhea. STUDY DESIGN: We randomized 33 infants presenting with moderate-to-severe dehydration and metabolic acidosis (pH <7.25 or base excess (BE) <-15) into two groups, an ...
Hunger Stephen P - - 2009
Infants with leukemia who require hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) remain 1 of the most significant challenges in pediatric stem cell transplant. Infant leukemia is characterized by a unique biology including a predominance mixed lineage leukemia(MLL) gene rearrangement and juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia. Moreover, the long-term effects of transplantation are particularly prominent ...
Hengstler, Jan G.
DNA topoisomerases are nuclear enzymes inducing transient breaks in the DNA allowing DNA strands or double helices to pass through each other. The clinically used DNA topoisomerase II-poison etoposide is known to induce DNA double strand breaks leading to chromosomal aberrations and leukemias. Recently, some alarming studies have been published, ...
He Weiling W University of Wyoming School of Pharmacy, Laramie, Wyoming 82071, - - 2008
Thymopentin (Tp5) was loaded in poly-butylcyanoacrylate (PBCA) nanoparticles (NP) in order to enhance the oral bioavailability of Tp5. PBCA-Tp5-NP was prepared by nanoprecipitation methods. Dialyzing membrane method was employed to examine the in vitro release of PBCA-Tp5-NP in PBS, and Tp5 samples in the release medium were detected by HPLC. ...
Edwards Paul C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Ebinyo is a form of infant oral mutilation (IOM), widely practiced in rural areas of eastern Africa, in which traditional healers and other village elders extirpate the primary canine tooth follicles of infants by using crude, often unsterilized, instruments or utensils. Traditional folklore suggests that the underlying tooth follicles, ...
Goulet Olivier - - 2008
Syndromic diarrhea (SD), also known as phenotypic diarrhea (PD) or tricho-hepato-enteric syndrome (THE), is a congenital enteropathy presenting with early-onset of severe diarrhea requiring parenteral nutrition (PN). To date, no epidemiological data are available. The estimated prevalence is approximately 1/300,000-400,000 live births in Western Europe. Ethnic origin does not appear ...
Shetty Subhaschandra - - 2008
Mucormycosis is characterized by severe infection with rapid progression and a high mortality rate. In immunocompromised hosts, the most common type is the rhinocerebral form of mucormycosis. Invasive mucormycosis affecting only the tongue is extremely rare. We report one such case that occurred in an immunocompromised 4-month-old girl with Down ...
Ross Julie A - - 2008
The study of rare cancers, including retinoblastoma, angiosarcoma, and vaginal clear cell carcinoma, has contributed greatly to our understanding of cancer mechanisms. Infants with leukemia may represent another important rare group. The majority of infants with leukemia have MLL gene rearrangements in their leukemia cells, and there is unequivocal laboratory ...
Naik Sandhia - - 2008
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Staphylococcus aureus is recognized to produce toxins A-E and toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 associated with food poisoning and toxic shock syndrome. Enterotoxins G and I co-exist in the same S aureus strains (staphylococcal enterotoxin G and staphylococcal enterotoxin I) and are implicated in scarlet fever and toxic ...
Silverman Lewis B - - 2007
Infant ALL is uncommon, biologically distinctive from the disease in older children, and associated with a relatively poor prognosis. Adverse prognostic factors include the presence of an MLL gene rearrangement (observed in up to 80% of infants with ALL), younger age at diagnosis, high presenting leukocyte counts, and slow early ...
Venkateswari R - - 2007
We report a case of transient methemoglobinemia in an infant due to gastroenteritis. Methemoglobinemia should be suspected in infants with a history of diarrhea and cyanosis that is out of proportion to the history and clinical examination. Methemoglobinemia can be life threatening, but outcome is good when treated with IV ...
Nisar Aamer - - 2007
This study reviews the factors affecting the development of avascular necrosis (AVN) after slipped capital femoral epiphysis. Seventy-three patients (n=73) with ninety-two (n=92) hips were included in the study. Out of these 92, 16 were acute, 43 acute-on-chronic, 29 chronic, and four were preslips. Postoperative radiographs showed a reduction in ...
Chen Jaw-Chyun - - 2007
Ginger is one of the most commonly used fresh herbs and spices. Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli heat-labile enterotoxin (LT)-induced diarrhea is the leading cause of infant death in developing countries. In this study, we demonstrated that ginger significantly blocked the binding of LT to cell-surface receptor G M1, resulting in the ...
Ersryd A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The agreement between subtyping irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients based on Rome II criteria versus Rome III criteria is unknown. AIM: To compare IBS subtyping based on Rome II versus III criteria. METHODS: The Rome II Modular Questionnaire and the Bristol Stool Form Scale (one-week diary cards) were completed ...
Tangerman Albert - - 2007
AIM: The aim of this study was to unravel the origen and cause of intra-oral and extra-oral halitosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We studied 58 patients complaining of halitosis, using gas chromatography of volatile sulphur compounds (VSCs) in mouth and nose breath, organoleptic scoring of mouth and nose breath, Halimeter readings ...
Tomizawa D - - 2007
We evaluated the efficacy of a treatment strategy in which infants with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) were stratified by their MLL gene status and then assigned to different risk-based therapies. A total of 102 patients were registered on two consecutive multicenter trials, designated MLL96 and MLL98, between 1995 and 2001. ...
Tori Alvaro J - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: There is uncertainty regarding disaccharidase activity (DA) in infants. In this study, values for DA in infants were established and compared with symptoms and intestinal mucosal histological appearance. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Disaccharidase activity and histological appearance of endoscopically obtained intestinal mucosal biopsy specimens from 131 infants (75 males; mean ...
Misra Sudipta - - 2007
The aim of this study was to document the changing clinical profile and prognosis of acute diarrhea in infants. This was a prospective observational study with follow-up. Demographic, anthropometric, and clinical data were collected in children younger than 1 year with acute diarrhea. Stool was examined under the microscope, cultured, ...
Emerenciano M - - 2007
Acute leukemia in early childhood is biologically and clinically distinct. The particular characteristics of this malignancy diagnosed during the first months of life have provided remarkable insights into the etiology of the disease. The pro-B, CD10 negative immunophenotype is typically found in infant acute leukemia, and the most common genetic ...
Walker Christa L Fischer - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Preventing illness and improving growth in the first 6 mo of life is critical to reducing infant mortality. Zinc given for 14 d at the start of diarrhea has been shown to decrease the incidence and prevalence of diarrhea and pneumonia and improve growth in the 2-3 mo after, ...
Schreck Michael A - - 2007
The treating podiatric physician should consider underlying malignant disease when evaluating a child with any slowly healing or nonhealing infection involving the lower extremity. This article reports on an infant who was treated for suspected osteomyelitis involving his right fifth toe that did not improve with standard surgical, medical, and ...
Liu Man-Qing - - 2007
We report the molecular epidemiology of astrovirus infection in 335 infants with diarrhea in Wuhan City, China. Astrovirus RNA was detected in the stool specimens of 33 children (9.87%). Genotyping analysis indicated that 23 out of 24 astroviruses identified were classified as belonging to genotype 1, with highest identity (>98%) ...
Jansen M W J C - - 2007
The aim of this study was to identify immunobiological subgroups in 133 infant acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cases as assessed by their immunophenotype, immunoglobulin (Ig) and T-cell receptor (TCR) gene rearrangement pattern, and the presence of mixed lineage leukemia (MLL) rearrangements. About 70% of cases showed the pro-B-ALL immunophenotype, whereas ...
Phan T G - - 2007
A total of 1,154 fecal specimens from infants and children with acute gastroenteritis in five cities in Japan (Maizuru, Tokyo, Sapporo, Saga, and Osaka), collected from July 2003 to June 2005, were tested for the presence of diarrheal viruses by reverse transcriptase multiplex PCR. Overall, 469 of 1,154 (40.6%) were ...
Agustina Rina - - 2007
A randomized double blind clinical trial was conducted to assess the efficacy of a special infant formula containing Lactobacillus rhamnosus LMG P-22799 (probiotic: 5 x 10(8) CFU/100mL), inulin (prebiotic: 0.15 g/100mL), dietary fiber (soy polysaccharides: 0.2 g/100mL) and increased amounts of zinc+iron (+0.4 and +0.6 mg/100mL, respectively) as active ingredients ...
Domellöf Magnus - - 2007
Cereals are the most common complementary foods all over the world and there is now a novel possibility to add functional components to target health problems that are not caused by a simple nutritional deficiency. So far there have been very few published trials on the addition of functional components ...
Morais Mauro Batista de - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To review the effects of probiotics and prebiotics in clinical pediatric practice. SOURCES: MEDLINE was searched, especially for articles that addressed their practical application, in the form of reviews, clinical trials and meta-analyses. Articles that had already been analyzed by the authors were also included. SUMMARY OF THE FINDINGS: ...
Vivatvakin Boosba - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of live Lactobacillus acidophilus plus Bifidobacterium infantis in the treatment of acute watery diarrhea. DESIGN: Open, randomized control trial. SETTING: King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Seventy-one infants (aged 1-24 months) with acute watery diarrhea that presented at Department of Pediatrics, King ...
Ishii Eiichi - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Neonatal leukemia characterized by early stem cell origin and extramedullary infiltration in the first 4 weeks of life is rare. We analyzed the features and outcome of neonatal leukemia in Japan to establish an appropriate treatment strategy for this rare disorder. PROCEDURE: Patients with infant leukemia registered and treated ...
Fischer Walker Christa L - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This randomized, placebo controlled trial was designed to assess the safety and efficacy of 10-mg zinc supplementation for the treatment of acute diarrhea in infants. METHODS: A total of 1110 infants aged 28 days to 5 months with acute diarrhea were enrolled and randomized to receive either zinc (n ...
Gould Rothberg Bonnie E - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Kidney angiomyolipomas are benign but progressive tumors consisting of smooth muscle, fat, and vascular elements, commonly associated with the tuberous sclerosis complex. Angiomyolipomas express estrogen and progesterone receptors and have been reported to increase in size in pregnancy. CASE: A 15-year-old girl with stable angiomyolipomas of tuberous sclerosis complex ...
von Bergh Anne R M - - 2006
The t(7;12)(q36;p13) is a recurrent translocation involving the ETV6/TEL gene (12p13) and a heterogeneous breakpoint at 7q36. A fusion transcript between HLXB9 and ETV6 in AML with t(7;12) is occasionally found. To study the incidence of t(7;12) in infant and childhood acute leukemia, we screened 320 cases <36 months using ...
Stasik Christopher - - 2006
Rearrangements of the mixed-lineage leukemia (MLL) gene have been associated with a poor prognosis in infant acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Previously, MLL translocations involving the CREP-binding protein (CREBBP) gene at chromosome band 16p13.3 have primarily been reported in treatment-related acute myeloid leukemia, after chemotherapy for other primary malignancies using topoisomerase ...
Cushing Thomas - - 2006
Transient myeloproliferative disorder (TMD) occurs in 10% of infants with Down syndrome (DS). Down syndrome infants with resolved TMD may later develop acute megakaryocytic leukemia (AMKL). In these patients, AMKL is associated with somatic mutations in the X-linked transcription factor gene, GATA1. AMKL also has been described after TMD in ...
Hilden Joanne M - - 2006
Infant acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) has a poor therapeutic outcome despite attempts to treat it based on prognostic factor-guided therapy. This is the first cooperative group trial characterizing all infants at the molecular level for MLL/11q23 rearrangement. All infants enrolled on Children's Cancer Group (CCG) 1953 were tested for MLL ...
Nagayama Jun - - 2006
Although infants with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and a germline MLL gene have a better prognosis than comparable infants with a rearranged MLL gene, their optimal therapy is controversial. In 2 consecutive studies, conducted between 1996 and 2002, we treated 22 cases of infant ALL with germline MLL using chemotherapy ...
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