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Dietz Patricia M - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess health care utilization during the first year of life among early term-born infants. STUDY DESIGN: We assessed health care utilization of 22 420 singleton term infants (37-42 weeks gestational age [GA]) without major birth defects, fetal growth restriction, or exposure to diabetes or hypertension in utero, delivered between ...
Krueger Charlene - - 2012
Exposure to sound can have beneficial and harmful effects on the developing fetus and preterm infant. Although recommendations for safe exposure to sound have existed for more than three decades, reports indicate that these recommendations are not being followed. Recommendations are made to promote attention to the problem of unsafe ...
Bell Suzanne - - 2012
For decades, Africa has been plagued by political and ethnic conflict, the health ramifications of which are often not investigated. A crisis occurred recently in Kenya following the 2007 presidential election. Ethnic violence ensued, targeting the incumbent President Kibaki's Kikuyu people. The violence occurred primarily in Nairobi and the Rift ...
Hilty Markus - - 2012
Interspecies interactions of the nasopharyngeal microbiota are likely to be involved in the pathogenesis of acute otitis media (AOM). Capturing the breadth of microbial interactions requires a detailed description of the microbiota during health and AOM. The nasopharyngeal microbiota of 163 infants with (n = 153) or without (n = ...
Ball Helen L HL Parent-Infant Sleep Laboratory & Medical Anthropology Research Group, Durham University, Durham, UK. - - 2012
To describe the prevalence and associations of bed- and sofa-sharing in a biethnic UK birth cohort. We surveyed 3082 participants in the Born in Bradford birth cohort study by using a telephone interview when infants were aged 2 to 4 months. We asked families about sleep surface sharing behaviors, and ...
Spanier Adam J AJ Department of Pediatrics, Penn State University Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, Pennsylvania 17033-0850, USA. - - 2012
Bisphenol A (BPA), an endocrine-disrupting chemical that is routinely detected in > 90% of Americans, promotes experimental asthma in mice. The association of prenatal BPA exposure and wheeze has not been evaluated in humans. We examined the relationship between prenatal BPA exposure and wheeze in early childhood. We measured BPA ...
Wada Yuji - - 2012
We explored the ability of infants to recognize the smell of daily foods, including strawberries and tomatoes, by using a preferential-looking-technique. Experiment 1 was conducted while strawberries were in season (from March to June) in order to enhance the frequency of participant exposure to strawberries outside of the laboratory. Thirty-seven ...
O'Connor Thomas G TG Department of Psychiatry, Wynne Center for Family Research, University of Rochester Medical Center, 300 Crittenden Blvd, Rochester, New York 14642, USA. - - 2013
Experimental animal findings suggest that early stress and glucocorticoid exposure may program the function of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis in the offspring. The extension of these findings to human development is not yet clear. A prospective longitudinal study was conducted on 125 mothers and their normally developing children. Amniotic fluid ...
Le Hien Q - - 2012
Studies in a number of countries have reported associations between exposure to ambient air pollutants and adverse birth outcomes, including low birth weight, preterm birth (PTB) and, less commonly, small for gestational age (SGA). Despite their growing number, the available studies have significant limitations, e.g., incomplete control of temporal trends ...
Bersani Iliana - - 2012
Abstract Chorioamnionitis represents a major risk factor for preterm birth and contributes to prematurity-associated morbidity and mortality. Comparison of studies addressing neonatal outcome after exposure to either histological or clinical chorioamnionitis is hampered by the great heterogeneity regarding study cohorts and disease definitions which were applied. Moreover, the impact of ...
Mercuri Eugenio - - 2012
In this review, we report our experience on early neurological and visual developments in preterm infants assessed during the neonatal period using the Dubowitz neonatal neurological assessment and a new battery for visual assessment. The assessments were performed in both very and late low-risk preterm infants and in healthy term-born ...
Dórea José G - - 2012
Neurodevelopment as Gesell development scores (GDSs) in relation to mercury exposure in infants (<6 months of age) of one urban center and two rural villages, respectively, of fisherman and cassiterite miners. Mean total hair-Hg (HHg) concentrations of infants from Itapuã (3.95 ± 1.8 ppm) were statistically (P = 0.0001) different from ...
Pearce Mark S - - 2012
Exposure to air pollutants is suggested to adversely affect fetal growth, but the evidence remains inconsistent in relation to specific outcomes and exposure windows. Using birth records from the two major maternity hospitals in Newcastle upon Tyne in northern England between 1961 and 1992, we constructed a database of all ...
Kloog Itai - - 2012
Adverse birth outcomes such as low birth weight and premature birth have been previously linked with exposure to ambient air pollution. Most studies relied on a limited number of monitors in the region of interest, which can introduce exposure error or restrict the analysis to persons living near a monitor, ...
Turner Paul P Shoklo Malaria Research Unit, Mae Sot, Thailand. - - 2012
Pneumococcal disease is a major cause of childhood death. Almost a third of the world's children live in Southeast Asia, but there are few data from the region on pneumococcal colonization or disease. Our aim was to document the dynamics of pneumococcal carriage in a rural SE Asian birth cohort. ...
Adgent Margaret A MA Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, UNC-Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA. - - 2012
This study examines the timing of menarche in relation to infant-feeding methods, specifically addressing the potential effects of soy isoflavone exposure through soy-based infant feeding. Subjects were participants in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC). Mothers were enrolled during pregnancy and their children have been followed prospectively. ...
Hamilcikan Sahin - - 2011
Objective: We examined the association of active ghrelin levels with birth weight, sex and gestational age in small (SGA) and appropriate for gestational age (AGA) preterm infants.Methods: Active ghrelin levels were measured by ELISA method during the first 5 postnatal days in 38 preterm SGA infants and 32 preterm AGA ...
Ortiz-Mantilla Silvia - - 2011
Event-related potentials (ERPs) have become an important tool in the quest to understand how infants process perceptual information. Identification of the activation loci of the ERP generators is a technique that provides an opportunity to explore the neural substrates that underlie auditory processing. Nevertheless, as infant brain templates from healthy, ...
Pickett Anna Ruth - - 2011
Infants spend most of their indoor time at home; however, residential air quality is poorly understood. We investigated the air quality of infants' homes in the New England area of the U.S. Participants (N = 53) were parents of infants (0-6 months) who completed telephone surveys to identify potential pollutant ...
Clamann Michael - - 2011
The rear-facing Infant Car Seat (ICS) is designed to meet federal requirements for transporting children less than 1 year old. Typical use includes transfer in and out of a vehicle, which is shown to be a difficult lift. Despite the frequency of this lift, manufacturers provide little guidance for users. ...
Hirawan Rhanissa - - 2011
Cellular oxidative damage by endogenous and exogenous sources of free radicals and reactive oxygen species is a particular threat in infants. Antioxidant protection is normally achieved through a balance between pro-oxidants and endogenous and/or dietary antioxidants. Comprehensive research is required on optimization to achieve good antioxidant protection through infant foods, ...
Lloyd-Fox S - - 2011
How specialized is the infant brain for processing voice within our environment? Research in adults suggests that portions of the temporal lobe play an important role in differentiating vocalizations from other environmental sounds; however, very little is known about this process in infancy. Recent research in infants has revealed discrepancies ...
Kuipers Remko S - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Long-chain polyunsaturated (LCP) fatty acids (FA) are important during infant development. Mother-to-infant FA-transport occurs at the expense of the maternal status. Maternal and infant FA-status change rapidly after delivery. METHODS: Comparison of maternal (mRBC) and infant erythrocyte (iRBC)-FA-profiles at delivery and after 3 months exclusive breastfeeding in relation to ...
Libertus Klaus K Department of Psychiatry, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, USA. - - 2011
The developing infant learns about the physical and the social world by engaging with objects and with people. In the study reported here, we investigated the relationship between infants' interactions with the physical and the social world. Three-month-old infants were trained for 2 weeks and experienced either actively manipulating objects ...
Atzil Shir - - 2011
The mother-infant bond provides the foundation for the infant's future mental health and adaptation and depends on the provision of species-typical maternal behaviors that are supported by neuroendocrine and motivation-affective neural systems. Animal research has demonstrated that natural variations in patterns of maternal care chart discrete profiles of maternal brain-behavior ...
Amir Ori - - 2011
Several dimensions of shape, such as curvature or taper, can be regarded as extending from a singular (S) or 0 value (e.g., a straight contour with 0 curvature or parallel contours with a 0 angle of convergence) to an infinity of non-singular (NS) values (e.g., curves and non-parallel contours). As ...
Crump Casey C Department of Medicine, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA, USA. - - 2011
Previous studies suggest that low birth weight is associated with thyroid autoimmunity and hypothyroidism in later life, but the potential effect of preterm birth, independent of foetal growth, is unknown. Our objective was to determine whether preterm birth is independently associated with medically treated hypothyroidism in young adulthood. National cohort ...
Yao Nengliang - - 2012
Appalachian counties have historically had elevated infant mortality rates. Changes in infant mortality disparities over time in Appalachia are not well-understood. This study explores spatial inequalities in white infant mortality rates over time in the 13 Appalachian states, comparing counties in Appalachia with non-Appalachian counties. Data are analyzed for 1,100 ...
Yu Bing - - 2011
We wanted to investigate the usefulness of event-related (ER) functional MRI (fMRI) for the assessment of cortical visual impairment in infants with periventricular leukomalacia (PVL). FMRI data were collected from 24 infants who suffered from PVL and from 12 age-matched normal controls. Slow ER fMRI was performed using a 3.0T ...
Franco Patricia - - 2011
A deficit in arousal process has been implicated as a mechanism of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Compared with control infants, SIDS victims showed significantly more subcortical activations and fewer cortical arousals than matched control infants. Apparent life-threatening event (ALTE) is often considered as an aborted SIDS event. The aim ...
Nunez Jeanne - - 2011
: The aim of the study was to examine temporal association (TA) between polysomnographic cardiorespiratory (CR) events and gastroesophageal reflux (GER) in premature infants with persistent CR events at >39 weeks postmenstrual age and determine whether the use of multichannel intraluminal impedance (MII)-pH probe improves sensitivity of the TA compared ...
Kobayashi Daisuke - - 2011
Congenital extrahepatic portosystemic shunt (CEPS) is associated with polysplenia and heterotaxy and can cause portopulmonary hypertension. We report a 12-month-old girl who acutely died likely due to portopulmonary hypertension secondary to CEPS associated with heterotaxy and polysplenia. A retrospective radiographic review following her autopsy identified an anatomical explanation for the ...
Behrens Kazuko Y - - 2011
The 72-item version maternal behavior Q-set (MBQS; Pederson & Moran, 1995) was used to assess maternal behaviors (N=74) during the Strange Situation Procedure. Results indicated that the MBQS scores significantly differentiated infant attachment categories and were significantly associated with a series of infants' reunion behaviors.
Kobayashi Daisuke - - 2011
Community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is increasingly recognized as a cause of invasive disease in children. Orbital cellulitis typically occurs in older children, but it can occasionally affect infants and neonates. We report 2 infants with sepsis and orbital cellulitis caused by community-associated MRSA and review the relevant literature.
Edwards R J - - 2011
Background The isolated finding of an unexplained chronic subdural haematoma in an infant may suggest non-accidental head injury (NAHI). The authors report a previously undescribed cause of multifocal chronic subdural haematoma in infancy which could result in a misdiagnosis of previous NAHI. Methods Two infants, aged 3 and 4 months ...
Jena Anupam B - - 2011
Mothers of multiple births face higher rates of postpartum depression, yet evidence on the marital consequences of multiple births is limited. We examined the association between twin births and parental divorce. We used the 1980 U.S. Census to identify a large sample of mothers with and without twin births. The ...
Giles Amy - - 2011
We previously found that young infants spontaneously associate stimuli that they merely see together. Using a sensory preconditioning paradigm with 6- and 9-month-olds, we asked how long such associations remain latent before being forgotten and what exposure conditions affect their persistence. Groups were preexposed to two puppets for 1h/day for ...
Ananth Cande V - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: We sought to examine the extent to which a temporal increase in preterm cesarean delivery is associated with gestational age-specific changes in perinatal survival in preterm gestations. STUDY DESIGN: We utilized data on singleton births in the United States (1990 through 2004) delivered between 24-36 weeks' gestation. Associations between ...
Fujiwara Takeo - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the differential association of three modes (fussing, crying, unsoothable crying) and three properties (duration/day, frequency/day, maximum bout length) of infant distress with daily caregiver frustration. STUDY DESIGN: Replicated cross-sectional studies were completed in Vancouver, British Columbia (n = 1065) and Seattle, Washington (n = 1857). Infant fussing, ...
Huhti Leena - - 2011
Norovirus (NoV) GII-4 has emerged as the predominant NoV genotype in outbreaks of gastroenteritis worldwide. We determined clinical features of NoV GII-4 associated acute gastroenteritis (AGE) in comparison with AGE associated with other NoV types in infants during seasons 2001 and 2002. During the prospective follow-up period, 128 primary infections ...
Eiden Rina D - - 2011
This study examined the direct and indirect associations between maternal cocaine use during pregnancy and mother-toddler aggression in an interactive context at 2 years of child age. We hypothesized that in addition to direct effects of cocaine exposure on maternal and child aggression, the association between maternal cocaine use and ...
Divan Hozefa A - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine if prenatal use of cell phones by pregnant mothers is associated with developmental milestones delays among offspring up to 18 months of age. METHODS: Our work is based upon the Danish National Birth Cohort (DNBC), which recruited pregnant mothers from 1996-2002, ...
Ranganathan Sarath C - - 2011
Introduction Improved nutrition is the major proven benefit of newborn screening programmes for cystic fibrosis (CF) and is associated with better clinical outcomes. It was hypothesised that early pulmonary inflammation and infection in infants with CF is associated with worse nutrition. Methods Weight, height and pulmonary inflammation and infection in ...
Leonard Stephanie A - - 2011
Women who are overweight or obese prepregnancy have shorter durations of producing milk (PM) and feeding breast milk exclusively (FBM-ex) than normal-weight women. We proposed that infant size at birth may reduce the negative associations between prepregnancy BMI and the durations of PM and FBM-ex. We used data from 2798 ...
Thomas Wolfgang - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary angiogenesis is a prerequisite for lung development. Angiopoietin-2 (Ang2) destabilizes endothelial cells through its endothelial receptor TIE-2, enabling vascular sprouting. Ang1 stabilizes new blood vessels. Soluble TIE-2 (sTIE-2) modulates these effects. We hypothesized that histological funisitis is associated with alterations of Ang2 in airways and of the systemic ...
Stoll Claude - - 2011
Infants with neural tube defects (NTDs) often have associated congenital anomalies. The reported frequency and types of associated malformations vary between different studies. The purpose of this investigation was to assess the frequency and types of associated malformations among infants with NTDs in a geographically well-defined population from 1979 to ...
Chida Ayako - - 2011
Craniometaphyseal dysplasia is a rare congenital disorder that can cause craniofacial skeleton and tubular bone anomalies. A 7-month-old girl, with congenital facial palsy, mouth breathing, and nasal obstruction, was brought to the hospital because she suffered sudden cardiopulmonary arrest. Computed tomography showed bony narrowing of the choanae. The diagnosis was ...
Miller E Kathryn EK Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37232-8300, - - 2011
Risk factors for severe human rhinovirus (HRV)-associated infant illness are unknown. We sought to examine the role of HRV infection in infant respiratory tract illness and assess viral and host risk factors for HRV-associated disease severity. We used a prospective cohort of term, previously healthy infants enrolled during an inpatient ...
Day Lori J - - 2011
The objectives were to determine whether single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in KCNN3 (encodes the small conductance calcium-activated potassium channel subfamily N, member 3), associate with preterm birth (PTB). In all, 602 preterm families with at least 1 preterm (<37 weeks gestation) infant were studied: DNA from the infant and one or ...
Munim Shama - - 2011
Objectives.?To examine the possible etiological causes of still births during 8 years of clinical experience at a tertiary referral center, The Aga Khan University Hospital Karachi Pakistan. In addition, to compare demographic and medical risk factors along with analysis of cause of fetal death in different groups. Material and Methods.?This ...
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