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Results 451 - 500 of 651
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Aye D T - - 1991
Between 1981 and 1986, 1,540 infants born at the Central Women's Hospital in Rangoon were transferred to the Sick Baby Unit because of diarrhea (15.4 per 1,000 live births). Rates among cesarean infants were five times as high as those of infants born vaginally (51.0 and 10.3 per 1000 live ...
Rhoads J M - - 1991
Microvillus inclusion disease is an inherited intestinal brush border membrane defect that causes severe fluid and electrolyte malabsorption. In an infant with microvillus inclusion disease (confirmed by electron microscopic evaluation of rectal, jejunal, and gallbladder mucosae), basal stool output was massive (greater than 125 mL . kg-1 . day-1) and ...
Saavedra J M - - 1991
This study was undertaken to evaluate the usefulness of skin turgor or capillary refilling in estimating the degree of dehydration in infants with diarrhea. After initial standardization of the technique, capillary filling time was found to be more reproducible when measured in the fingernail bed after applying just the amount ...
Mushtaque A - - 1991
Diarrhea, a descriptive term used in medical science for a variety of clinical diseases, denotes an illness that is categorized differently and known by numerous terms in various cultures. These diversified classifications and terminologies are based on the symptoms of diarrheal disorders, their perceived etiology, and their treatment. In Bangladesh, ...
Pizarro D - - 1991
BACKGROUND: In infants the treatment of acute diarrhea with glucose-based solutions results in rehydration but does not reduce the severity of diarrhea. Oral rehydration with solutions based on rice powder may reduce stool output as well as restore fluid volume. METHODS: We designed a prospective, randomized, double-blind study to evaluate ...
Wolf Y G - - 1991
Two infants with acute life-threatening complications of duodenal ulcer following steroid administration are described. Although the possible association between steroid therapy and peptic ulcer disease is well known, the need for ulcer prophylaxis during such therapy in infants is not unanimously accepted. The case for ulcer prophylaxis in this setting ...
Adám J - - 1991
Tri Regol has been used as a contraceptive during 541 cycles of 108 women and in further 73 cases for normalizing cycle anomalies or improving tablet tolerance. Pregnancy did not occur. The side-effects were insignificant. The triphasic therapy proved to be effective in all three fields. The author has mentioned ...
Ishii E - - 1991
Forty-eight Japanese infants with acute lymphoid leukemia (ALL) (n = 24) and acute nonlymphoid leukemia (ANLL) (n = 24) were analyzed on the basis of clinical and laboratory data. Morphologically, 20 of the 24 infants with ALL were of the FAB L1 type, and 20 of the 24 infants with ...
Abbar F - - 1991
The incidence of diarrhoeagenic Escherichia coli was investigated in 304 infants with diarrhoea in Mosul, Iraq by using standard biological assays and reversed passive latex agglutination (RPLA) procedures. Enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC) were found in 12.8% of the cases--27 (8.8%) strains produced heat-labile toxin (LT) only, 8 (2.6%) heat-stable toxin ...
Alvarez V - - 1991
Stool specimens obtained longitudinally during the first year of life of a cohort of 75 rural infants were tested for the presence of rotavirus with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Thirty four infants showed the presence of rotaviruses during the first year of life. Only 41% of these episodes were associated ...
Marin L - - 1991
The clinical response and changes in potassium balance were studied during oral rehydration therapy (ORT) with a solution containing 20 mmol potassium per litre in well-nourished and malnourished infants of 3 to 15 months of age as well as in neonates and young infants less than 2 months old (range ...
Aiyar J - - 1990
The reliability of saliva as an indicator of rotavirus infection was assessed among 15 infants (3-12 months) with rotaviral and 15 with nonrotaviral diarrhea. Paired salivary samples collected during acute and convalescent phases were tested for rotavirus-specific IgA and IgM by an ELISA. The sensitivity of IgA or IgM alone ...
Bielaszewská M - - 1990
The results of the investigation indicate that verotoxigenic Escherichia coli (VTEC) belonging to enteropathogenic and other serogroups including Escherichia coli O157:H7 or H- are important enteropathogens in infants and toddlers in Czechoslovakia. As to enteropathogenic serotypes, verotoxin (VT) production was proved most frequently in strains of serogroup O26, and also ...
Shiner M - - 1990
Our electron microscopic study of biopsies taken from 10 infants with protracted diarrhea was conducted in an effort to determine the pathogenesis of the disorder. In this article, the ultrastructure of the jejunal mucosa of the infants is described in relation to overlying or adherent bacteria of unidentified type. In ...
Shiner M - - 1990
In an effort to increase our understanding of the pathogenesis of chronic protracted diarrhea in infants, we examined 44 jejunal mucosal specimens. Only 3 of the 44 specimens showed a normal mucosa (grade 1). Partial villous atrophy was seen in 17 mucosal specimens (grade 2) with marked patchiness in all ...
Motala C - - 1990
This study was designed to assess the effect of loperamide, given to infants in higher than recommended doses, on the severity and duration of acute diarrhea. Thirty infants with acute diarrhea and dehydration were given loperamide (0.8 mg/kg/day), in addition to standard fluid therapy, for 48 hours after admission to ...
Lifschitz C H - - 1990
The appropriate choice of treatment for infants with diarrhea has long provoked debate. Growth of infants with diarrhea is adversely affected by associated diseases including anorexia, malabsorption, catabolic response to infection, and iatrogenic starvation. To prevent the negative effects of diarrhea on the nutrition of infants, continued feeding during the ...
Mittal N K - - 1990
Serum and rectal mucosal magnesium content was estimated in children (6-18 months old) with acute diarrhoea (Group I: n = 50), chronic diarrhoea (Group II: n = 25), extra-intestinal infections (Group III: n = 15) and healthy controls (Group IV: n = 20). The sex and nutritional status of the ...
Kallen R J - - 1990
The assessment and management of an infant with diarrheal dehydration can be reduced to a set of questions. As the questions are studied and answered, the clinician arrives at a rational plan for parenteral fluid therapy, based on physiologic considerations. The selection of the type of fluid to be infused ...
Sanekata T - - 1990
We have developed a simple agglutination (LA) method for the detection of enteric adenovirus (EAd) in stool samples from infants with acute gastroenteritis. Ad type 41 (Ad41) was detected with high sensitivity and specificity by a slide agglutination test using latex particles coated with antiAd41 antibody (LA-antiAd41). The agglutination of ...
Osada S - - 1990
A case of infantile acute monocytic leukemia (AMoL), which was probably transmitted from a pregnant woman with leukemia to her unborn infant, is presented. A woman had AMoL when her third infant was born. This infant, who was a boy, also suffered from AMoL when he was 20 months of ...
Gibbons B - - 1990
Seven cases of infant acute lymphoblastic leukaemia with t(11; 19) (q23; p13) are described. They are characterized by a high white cell count, organomegaly, early central nervous system (CNS) disease, and a poor prognosis. Blasts are usually of an immature early B-cell lineage although monocytoid features are present in some ...
el-Rafie M - - 1990
The effect of the National Control of Diarrheal Diseases Project, started in 1983, on infant and childhood mortality in Egypt was assessed by means of national civil registration data, nationwide cluster sample surveys of households, and local area studies. Packets of oral rehydration salts are now widely accessible; oral rehydration ...
Househam K C - - 1990
The majority of episodes of acute infectious diarrhea in infancy are of relatively short duration. Prolongation of the diarrhea presents problems in management, deterioration of the infant's nutritional status, and an increased mortality. As part of a prospective study of the etiology of acute infectious diarrhea, some factors associated with ...
Velásquez-Jones L - - 1990
A clinical trial was conducted to compare the safety and efficacy of a new oral rehydration solution (ORS) with that of the ORS recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO). One hundred thirty infants with dehydration due to acute diarrhea were randomized into two groups: 68 infants received the WHO ...
Gryboski J D - - 1990
Stools collected from 39 infants and children with chronic nonspecific diarrhea and from 10 age-matched controls were examined for bile acid content with use of gas-liquid chromatography. Values were correlated with stool color. Mean concentration of bile acids in green stools (7.7 +/- 1.52 mg/g dry weight) was significantly higher ...
Baclig P V - - 1990
In Tambon Korat and Koongyang in Northeastern Thailand, 88% (n = 60) of the mothers and significant other careproviders interviewed believe in poh, a mild, self-limiting diarrhea in infants which is considered a normal prerequisite in child development. The local definition of poh as to its nature, symptomatology and home ...
Wagstaff L A LA Division of Community Paediatrics, Baragwanath Hospital, - - 1989
In Soweto, infant morbidity and mortality from gastro-enteritis have markedly declined. Nevertheless, there were 1514 admissions to the Baragwanath Infant Gastro-enteritis Unit in a 12-month period (1985/6). Oral rehydration therapy (ORT) could be implemented with advantage not only as a life-saving strategy but for self-help management of milder diarrhoea. Surveys ...
Murtaza A - - 1989
Intestinal hypomotility is a common late complication in infants with acute diarrhoeal disease in pakistan. Among the infants admitted to our gastrointestinal unit with a history of acute diarrhoea, 35% developed abdominal distension and 12% developed the full clinical picture of paralytic ileus. The infants with ileus were treated with ...
Finkelstein J A - - 1989
Identification of infants with bacterial diarrhea during the first year of life is important to limit potentially serious complications, but indications for stool leukocyte examination and culture are not well defined. The ability of three clinical features--temperature, history of blood in the stool, and stool frequency--to predict the presence of ...
Bower J R - - 1989
Five infants from a day care center developed severe diarrhea associated with enteropathogenic Escherichia coli O114:nonmotile (EPEC O114:NM) and required hospitalization. Five additional cases of diarrhea associated with EPEC O114:NM subsequently occurred, four in hospital contacts of the patients and one in a household contact. Biochemically, all EPEC O114:NM isolates ...
Fost N - - 1989
Removing organs from anencephalic infants for transplantation into other infants offers benefits to the recipients, the family of the anencephalic infant, and to society. No interest of the anencephalic infant appears to be violated. Nonetheless, there are serious ethical and legal barriers to such proposals, primarily owing to risks for ...
Ludwig W D - - 1989
We have studied the immunophenotypic and genotypic features in 35 infants aged less than 1 year with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) or acute undifferentiated leukemia (AUL). A CD10 (common ALL antigen)-negative, CD19-positive pre-pre-B ALL phenotype was observed in 24 infants. Seventeen of them had blast cells coexpressing myeloid-associated markers such ...
Shulman R J - - 1989
To determine the adequacy of zinc and copper supplementation for infants receiving total parenteral nutrition (TPN), we performed 24-h balance studies in infants with diarrhea and infants who had recently undergone surgery. Measurements were made at base line, 1, and 2 wk. Mean serum Zn and Cu levels of the ...
Black R E - - 1989
Community-based studies of diarrhea etiology and epidemiology were carried out from July 1982-June 1984 in 153 infants residing in a poor peri-urban community near Lima, Peru. Study infants had nearly 10 episodes of diarrhea in their first year of life. Diarrhea episodes were associated with organisms such as Campylobacter jejuni, ...
Coleman S U - - 1989
In 1985, 22 pony foals reared in a helminth-free environment were tested daily for oocysts of Cryptosporidium sp by use of fecal flotation. Oocysts were found in all foals. Oocysts were first observed in feces collected from foals 9 to 28 days after birth. The mean period of oocyst shedding ...
Murthy K R - - 1989
Crude venom (4 mg/kg) of scorpion (B. tamulus) was given in saline to anaesthetized dogs and rabbits. It produced a reduction in gastric H+ ion concentration in dogs with acute myocarditis. Simultaneously an increase in circulating amylase and lipase level was also observed. However 60% venom poisoned rabbits showed an ...
Ooi B C - - 1989
287 patients with Acute Gastroenteritis were studied. Rotavirus accounted for 29.7% and bacterial aetiology for 9.3% of the cases. In the early infant age group (0-6 months), bacterial aetiology (28.8%) was commoner than Rotavirus aetiology (7.7%). In the older age groups, Rotavirus was more common than bacteria as a cause ...
Meltzer A A - - 1989
Because of its short and clearly delineated latency period, acute leukemia of infancy is particularly suited to etiologic analysis. From 1950 to mid-1985, 31 infants with acute leukemia (less than 1 year of age) were registered at the University of Texas, M.D. Anderson Cancer Center at Houston. The medical records ...
Nichols V N - - 1989
To determine the frequency with which acquired monosaccharide intolerance (AMI) occurs in infants less than 3 months of age, we performed a prospective descriptive study of infants admitted to the hospital for diarrhea. We searched for differences between the characteristics and causes of AMI in these infants and those of ...
Oyejide C O - - 1988
In a community-based prospective study of diarrhoeal diseases carried out in Ibadan, 131 infants were selected at birth. The maximum possible length of follow-up ranged from 16 to 24 months. Weekly surveillance for diarrhoea was carried out at home by Primary Health Care workers. Each child was also required to ...
Fontana M - - 1988
Concentrations of alpha-1-antitrypsin (AT) in random fecal samples from 68 infants (92.7% outpatients) with acute diarrhea and 32 healthy controls were determined. The mean +/- s.d. for AT in infants with diarrhea was 2.07 +/- 1.88 mg/g dry stool (mg/g d.s.) compared with 1.29 +/- 0.72 mg/g d.s. (p less ...
Grem J L - - 1988
Clinical trials conducted in the People's Republic of China and the United States of the antileukemic efficacy of the cephalotaxine esters are reviewed. Harrington has been incorporated into combination regimens for the treatment of newly diagnosed acute nonlymphocytic leukemia (ANLL) in China, and activity with cephalotaxine esters has also been ...
Brüssow H - - 1988
We studied rotavirus-specific antibodies in paired sera from 71 hospitalized infants with acute rotavirus gastroenteritis. Most of the infants were less than six months old. Infants with serological evidence of a secondary rotavirus infection were excluded. With an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, 46% of the 71 infants studied showed specific IgM ...
Lee Y D - - 1988
The present paper describes two Korean male infants, 1. 16 year old and newly born neonate from two families who were diagnosed and managed for one of very rare inborn errors of metabolism, congenital chloridorrhea (Darrow-Gamble syndrome). The diagnosis was suggested by one of the authors (HRM) from the unusual ...
Hunziker U A - - 1988
The long-acting somatostatin analogue SMS 201-995 was administered to a six-month-old infant with intractable diarrhea after failure of conventional treatment. During eight weeks of treatment, the secretory component of the diarrhea was positively influenced with a reduction of daily stool weight and stool sodium concentration. Plasma levels of growth hormone ...
La Rosa J C - - 1988
A recent study at George Washington University Lipid Research Clinic compared three oral contraceptives containing different progestins and found that increases in total cholesterol, triglycerides, and apoprotein. All were not progestin related. Other effects, however, were apparently dependent on the type of progestin, with the androgenically potent agent dl-norgestrel causing ...
Watson E D - - 1988
Acute endometritis was induced in ovariectomized pony mares by infusion of a 1% solution of oyster glycogen. Maximum concentrations of immunoreactive leukotriene B4 in uterine washings coincided with the greatest rate of infiltration of neutrophils into the uterine lumen. Concentrations of immunoreactive leukotriene B4 decreased to basal levels 6 h ...
Pui C H - - 1988
The presenting features and clinical outcome of acute nonlymphoblastic leukemia (ANLL) in infants and older children were compared to identify any differences that might suggest methods to improve therapy. Twelve of the 29 infants were boys and 17 were girls, with ages ranging from two days to 12 months (median, ...
Rechavi G - - 1988
Congenital and infant leukemia are rare conditions associated with a very poor prognosis due to the high frequency of adverse clinical and laboratory parameters. As the occurrence of multiple immunoglobulin heavy chain hybridization band in childhood leukemia has been associated with poor prognosis, we studied whether it was present in ...
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