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Akca Kamile K 1 Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Erzurum Regional Training and Research Hospital , Erzurum, Turkey - - 2014
Abstract Background: Starting and continuing breastfeeding are influenced by many factors affecting the mother and the infant. No study is found in the literature investigating how to achieve success in the first nutrient-sucking experiences by decreasing the stress experienced by newborns during the adaptation phase of the early postpartum period. ...
Ganella Eleni P EP Department of Psychiatry, Melbourne Neuropsychiatry Centre, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, - - 2014
Extremely preterm (EP, <28 weeks) and/or extremely low birth weight (ELBW, <1000 g) infants are at high risk of aberrant neurodevelopment. Sulcogyral folding patterns of the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) are determined during the third trimester, however little is known about OFC patterning in EP/ELBW cohorts, for whom this gestational period ...
Isemann Barbara B University of Cincinnati Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio - - 2014
Background: We tested the hypothesis that sodium supplementation in early preterm infants prevents late-onset hyponatremia and improves growth without increasing common morbidities during birth hospitalization. Materials and Methods: This was a randomized, masked controlled trial of 4 mEq/kg/d of sodium (intervention) versus sterile water (placebo) from days-of-life 7 to 35 ...
Baldwin Eric E Group Health Research Institute, Group Health Cooperative, Seattle, WA, - - 2014
To compare probabilistic and deterministic algorithms for linking mothers and infants within electronic health records (EHRs) to support pregnancy outcomes research. The study population was women enrolled in Group Health (Washington State, USA) delivering a liveborn infant from 2001 through 2008 (N = 33 093 deliveries) and infant members born in these years. ...
Gudmundsdottir Anna A Department of Women's and Children's Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, - - 2014
Background: The optimal timing of pharmacological treatment for patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in extremely preterm infants is unknown. Objective: To investigate whether timing of pharmacological PDA treatment is associated with a risk of secondary PDA surgery or death before 3 months of age, or bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in extremely preterm ...
Vally Zahir Z School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences, Winnicott Research Unit, University of Reading, Reading, - - 2014
Dialogic book-sharing is an interactive form of shared reading. It has been shown in high income countries (HICs) to be of significant benefit to child cognitive development. Evidence for such benefit in low and middle income countries (LMICs) is scarce, although a feasibility study of our own produced encouraging findings. ...
Lodha Abhay A Department of Pediatrics and Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, - - 2014
Advantages of caffeine for apnea of prematurity have prompted clinicians to use it prophylactically even before apnea. To determine the effect of early initiation of caffeine therapy on neonatal outcomes in very preterm infants born in Canada. A retrospective cohort study was conducted. Patients included preterm neonates born at less ...
Albright Cheryl L CL a School of Nursing & Dental Hygiene , University of Hawaii at Manoa , Honolulu , Hawaii , - - 2014
Approximately 70 percent of new mothers do not meet national guidelines for moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). The Nā Mikimiki ("the active ones") Project (2008-2011) was designed to increase MVPA among women with infants 2-12 months old. Participants' barriers to exercising and achievement of specific MVPA goals were discussed during telephone counseling ...
Björkman Louise L Department of Paediatrics, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate whether scrubbing the hub of intravenous catheters with an alcohol wipe for 15 seconds could reduce the incidence of neonatal sepsis in a level-three neonatal intensive care unit. We studied the incidence of neonatal sepsis caused by coagulase negative staphylococci (CoNS) for ...
Tekgündüz Kadir - - 2014
BackgroundThe aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of abdominal massage on feeding tolerance in stable preterm infants fed minimal enteral nutrition.MethodsThe study was conducted on a control-grouped pre-test, post-test quasi-experimental design at the neonatal intensive care unit of a university hospital in Turkey between March and July ...
Iellamo Alessandro A Maternal, Child and Nutrition Unit, World Health Organization, Western Pacific Regional Office, Manila, Philippines - - 2014
Optimal breastfeeding saves lives. However, suboptimal breastfeeding is prevalent, primarily resulting from inappropriate promotion of infant formula and challenges of working mothers to continue breastfeeding. The article aims to determine the extent to which World Health Organization (WHO) policies protect, promote, and support breastfeeding women working at the WHO, Western ...
Bădescu Iulia I Department of Anthropology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Department of Anthropology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, - - 2014
Primate females often inspect, touch and groom others' infants (natal attraction) and they may hold and carry these infants in a manner resembling maternal care (infant handling). While natal attraction and infant handling occur in most wild colobines, little is known about the factors influencing the expression of these behaviors. ...
Massaro A N AN Department of Pediatrics, Children's National Medical Center, George Washington University School of Medicine, Washington, DC, - - 2014
Objective:To characterize infants affected with perinatal hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) who were referred to regional neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) and their related short-term outcomes.Study Design:This is a descriptive study evaluating the data collected prospectively in the Children's Hospital Neonatal Database, comprised of 27 regional NICUs within their associated children's ...
Aly H H Department of Newborn Services, George Washington University and Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC, - - 2014
Objective:Melatonin has been shown to be neuroprotective in animal models. The objective of this study is to examine the effect of melatonin on clinical, biochemical, neurophysiological and radiological outcomes of neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE).Study Design:We conducted a prospective trial on 45 newborns, 30 with HIE and 15 healthy controls. ...
Héon Marjolaine M Université de Montréal, Québec, Canada Quebec Nursing Intervention Research Network, Montréal, Québec, Canada - - 2014
A pilot study was conducted to estimate the effects of a breast milk expression education and support intervention on breast milk production outcomes in mothers of very and extremely preterm infants. Forty mothers of hospitalized preterm infants (<30 weeks of gestation) were randomized to the experimental intervention or standard care ...
Lamm Steven H SH Consultants in Epidemiology and Occupational Health (CEOH), LLC, Washington, District of Columbia, USA; Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins University- Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA; Department of Pediatrics, Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, District of Columbia, - - 2014
Pooled 1996 to 2003 birth certificate data for four central states in Appalachia indicated higher rates of infants with birth defects born to residents of counties with mountain-top mining (MTM) than born to residents of non-mining-counties (Ahern 2011). However, those analyses did not consider sources of uncertainty such as unbalanced ...
Maas Christoph - - 2014
BackgroundVolvulus without malrotation in preterm infants is a rare but potentially life-threatening event of unknown aetiology. Confusion with necrotising enterocolitis may delay surgical intervention thereby aggravating morbidity and mortality.We aimed at elucidating potential risk factors for, and characteristic clinical signs of, volvulus without malrotation in preterm infants.MethodsRetrospective, single-centre case¿control study ...
Sims Alexandra M AM 1 Goldberg Center for Community Pediatrics, Children's National Health System , Washington, - - 2014
Abstract Although the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) recommend exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months, only 14.6% of babies born in the District of Columbia (DC) reached this goal. Breastfeeding support from providers has been shown to increase exclusive breastfeeding. We ...
Veile Amanda A Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH, USA - - 2014
Changes in health care access and birthing practices may pose barriers to optimal breastfeeding in modernizing rural populations. We evaluated temporal and maternal age-related trends in birth and breastfeeding in a modernizing Maya agriculturalist community. We tested 2 hypotheses: (1) home births would be associated with better breastfeeding outcomes than ...
Ortega Cuelva Guadalupe G Agència de Salut Pública de Catalunya (ASPCAT), Departament de Salut, Generalitat de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain Fundació Atenció Primària de la CAMFiC, Barcelona, - - 2014
Tobacco smoke pollution (TSP) has major negative effects on infant health. Our objectives were to determine the effectiveness of a brief primary care intervention directed at parents who smoke in reducing babies' TSP exposure, and to establish variables related to greater exposure. A multicentre, open, cluster-randomised clinical trial in Catalonia. ...
Cooper Peter J PJ 1School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences,University of - - 2014
Aim The purpose of the study was to investigate whether an intervention which focused on enhancing the quality of the mother-infant relationship would prevent the development of postnatal depression (PND) and the associated impairments in parenting and adverse effects on child development. Recent meta-analyses indicate modest preventive effects of psychological ...
Hanin Melissa M Department of Neonatal Occupational Therapy, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH, 43205, - - 2014
Safety and efficacy of oral feeding was examined in infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) on nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP). We hypothesized that repetitive oral feeding enhances aero-digestive outcomes and reduces resource utilization. Data from infants with BPD (37-42 weeks post menstrual age) that were orally fed while on NCPAP ...
Cheatham Sharon L SL The Heart Center, Nationwide Children's Hospital, 700 Children's Drive, Columbus, OH, 43205, USA, - - 2014
Motor skills and neurodevelopment in infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) who have undergone Hybrid Stage I palliation is unknown. The purpose of this study is to assess early neurodevelopment in infants with HLHS after Hybrid Stage I palliation. Developmental assessment was performed in HLHS infants who underwent Hybrid ...
Okanda John O - - 2014
One of the most effective ways to promote the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV-1 in resource-limited settings is to encourage HIV-positive mothers to practice exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for the first 6 months post-partum while they receive antiretroviral therapy (ARV). Although EBF reduces mortality in this context, its practice ...
Edwards Renee C RC 1 School of Social Service Administration, The University of Chicago , Chicago, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: This study examined the association between breastfeeding initiation and maternal sensitivity, efficacy, and cognitive stimulation among young, low-income, African American mothers. Subjects and Methods: Two hundred twenty-one mothers were interviewed during pregnancy, at birth, and at 4 months postpartum regarding breastfeeding and parenting. Medical records were collected after ...
Alvarez Sara S Proyecto Primates, Bogotá, - - 2014
Infanticide is considered a conspicuous expression of sexual conflict amongst mammals, including at least 35 primate species. Here we describe two suspected and one attempted case of intragroup infanticide in spider monkeys that augment five prior cases of observed or suspected infanticide in this genus. Contrary to the typical pattern ...
Nowacki Joyce - - 2014
Formula-fed (FF) infants often have harder stools and higher stool concentrations of fatty acid soaps compared to breastfed infants. Feeding high sn-2 palmitate or the prebiotic oligofructose (OF) may soften stools, reduce stool soaps, and decrease fecal calcium loss. We investigated the effect of high sn-2 palmitate alone and in ...
Goya M M Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Maternal-Fetal Medicine Unit, Hospital Vall d'Hebron , Barcelona, - - 2014
Abstract Objectives To evaluate the perinatal results of infants born between 23 and 25.6 weeks of gestation. Methods Medical charts of all women giving birth prematurely (23-25.6w) from January 2005 to December 2011 were retrospectively reviewed. Cases of malformed infants or deliveries elsewhere were excluded. Results 198 infants were included. ...
Goga Ameena E AE Health Systems Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Kalafong Hospital, University of Pretoria, Hatfield, Pretoria, South - - 2014
There is a paucity of data on the national population-level effectiveness of preventing mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) programmes in high-HIV-prevalence, resource-limited settings. We assessed national PMTCT impact in South Africa (SA), 2010. A facility-based survey was conducted using a stratified multistage, cluster sampling design. A nationally representative sample of 10 178 infants ...
Forman Katie R - - 2014
Newborns with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) are at risk for coagulopathy due to systemic oxygen deprivation. Additionally, therapeutic hypothermia (TH) slows enzymatic activity of the coagulation cascade, leading to constitutive prolongation of routinely assessed coagulation studies. The level of laboratory abnormality that predicts bleeding is unclear, leading to varying transfusion ...
Stoltz Regina R Regina Stoltz is the Director, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Baptist Health Lexington, Lexington, KY. She can be reached via e-mail at regina.stoltz@bhsi.com Rhonda Byrd is a Staff RN, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Baptist Health Lexington, Lexington, KY. Anna Jeanine Hench is a Staff RN, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Baptist Health Lexington, Lexington, KY. Tamara Slone is a Staff RN, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Baptist Health Lexington, Lexington, KY. Dorothy Brockopp is Evidence Based Practice Consultant, Baptist Health Lexington, Lexington, KY and Professor Emeritus, College of Nursing, University of Kentucky. Krista Moe is Evidence Based Practice Consultant, Baptist Health Lexington, Lexington, - - 2014
To evaluate whether different mattress surfaces (standard vinyl-covered foam mattress [SFM] versus viscoelastic polyurethane mattress [VPM]) are associated with differences in nurses' perceptions of infant sleep/restfulness, nurses' assessment of infant pain, parents' perceptions of infant comfort/crying, infant weight, and vital signs among babies with birthweights <1,700 grams or gestational ages ...
Ng Qiu Ju - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Our objective is to compare the efficacy of combination regimen (salbutamol and nifedipine) against single regimen (nifedipine alone) in preventing preterm births among women with preterm labor. Results: A total of 76 women with gestational age (GA) ranging from 24+0 to 35+6 weeks, who sought treatment for preterm ...
Loret de Mola Christian C Christian Loret de Mola, MD, MSc, Giovanny Vinícius Araújo de França, MSc, Postgraduate Programme in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas; Luciana de Avila Quevedo, PhD, Postgraduate Programme in Health and Behaviour, Catholic University of Pelotas; Bernardo Lessa Horta, MD, PhD, Postgraduate Programme in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, - - 2014
Background There is no consensus on the effects that low birth weight, premature birth and intrauterine growth have on later depression. Aims To review systematically the evidence on the relationship of low birth weight, smallness for gestational age (SGA) and premature birth with adult depression. Method We searched the literature ...
Su Yuxi - - 2014
As one of the most common congenital deformities in children, clubfoot has long been a challenge for orthopedic surgeons. This paper describes the experience of our team with manipulation and above-the-knee brace fixation without percutaneous Achilles tenotomy for the treatment of clubfoot in newborns and infants. In the orthopedic department ...
Dawson April L AL National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Atlanta, Georgia; Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education, Oak Ridge, - - 2014
Our objective was to evaluate associations between twinning and maternal demographic factors and periconceptional exposures among infants with and without orofacial clefts. We used data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study; 228 twins and 8242 singletons without birth defects (controls), and 117 twins and 2859 singletons with orofacial clefts, ...
Anderson Jeffrey B JB The Heart Institute, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA; The James M. Anderson Center for Clinical Excellence, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, - - 2014
Growth failure is common in infants with single ventricle. This study evaluated the use of a learning network, the National Pediatric Cardiology Quality Improvement Collaborative (NPC-QIC), to spread optimized nutritional practices and improve infant growth. A previously identified Nutritional Bundle was spread among NPC-QIC sites. Primary outcome: interstage weight-for-age z-score ...
Giglia Roslyn R 1 School of Public Health, Curtin University , Perth, Western Australia, Australia - - 2014
Abstract Background: Exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months is acknowledged universally as the optimal feeding method for infants in order to provide the greatest health and well-being gains for the infant and mother. Despite this, many women stop short of attaining this desired outcome for their infant. With the permeation of ...
Calisici Erhan E Zekai Tahir Burak Maternity Teaching Hospital, MD, Neonatology, Ankara, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Our objective was to determine the neurodevelopmental outcome at 18-24 months' of corrected age (CA) in preterm infants with severe intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH). Methods. This was a retrospective cohort study of all preterm infants who were <37 weeks' gestation, had Grade 3-4 IVH, were admitted between January 2009 ...
Bobiński Rafał R Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nursing, University of Bielsko-Biala, Bielsko-Biała, Poland - - 2014
The impact of diet on the health of pregnant women remains an unresolved clinical issue. The aim of this study was to determine and compare the dietary intake of mothers who gave birth to full-term infants whose sizes were appropriate for gestational age (AGA), preterm birth (PTB) infants, and full-term ...
Halek Jan J Department of Neonatology and Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital Olomouc and Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacky University Olomouc, Czech - - 2014
The objectives of this pilot study were to assess the potential use of 3D videography for analyzing the motion of the body center of mass (COM) in newborns and to determine differences in spontaneous movements between preterm and full-term infants. The group comprised 10 preterm newborns (gestational age at birth ...
Grivell Rosalie M RM School of Paediatrics and Reproductive Health, Discipline of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The University of Adelaide, Women's and Children's Hospital, 72 King William Road, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, SA - - 2014
Spina bifida is a fetal neural tube defect (NTD), which may be diagnosed in utero and is compatible with life postnatally, albeit often with significant disability and morbidity. Although postnatal repair is possible, with increasing in utero diagnosis with ultrasound, the condition has been treated during pregnancy (prenatal repair) with the ...
Lee InHee I Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Keimyung University, Dongsan Hospital, Daegu, Korea - - 2014
To compare the effects of manual stretching and postural control intervention in infants with congenital muscular torticollis and to investigate the factors that predict treatment duration. Randomized, controlled trial. An outpatient rehabilitation clinic in a tertiary university hospital. Infants <6 months of age with congenital muscular torticollis. Group 1 included ...
Tokuhisa Takuya T Department of Neonatology, Perinatal Medical Center, Kagoshima City Hospital, Kagoshima, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine perinatal factors associated with cerebral palsy (CP) in infants treated with brain hypothermia (BHT). We carried out a retrospective review of 23 infants with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy in whom BHT was applied within 6 h after birth. Outcome regarding the presence or absence ...
Brown Amy A College of Human and Health Sciences, Swansea University , Swansea, United Kingdom - - 2014
Abstract Background: Evidence is growing that active management of the third stage of labor using prophylactic uterotonics may be associated with lower breastfeeding rates. The reasons underlying this relationship are incompletely understood. The aim of this article is to examine the experiences of mothers who stopped breastfeeding in relation to ...
Minowa Hideki H Department of Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Nara Prefectural NARA Hospital, Nara, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: We investigated whether intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) correlated with respiratory inhibition after crying (RIAC) and feeding hypoxemia. Methods: We screened for RIAC among 1,248 infants with a gestational age ≥ 36 weeks using our established method with cranial ultrasound, SpO2 monitoring, and polygraphy. We classified the infants into ...
Halevy Ayelet A Department of Pediatric Neurology and Epilepsy Center, Schneider Children's Medical Center of Israel, Petach Tikva, Israel Department of Child development, Schneider Children's Medical Center of Israel, Petach Tikva, Israel Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, - - 2014
External hydrocephalus in an infant is a condition in which the rate of growth of head circumference exceeds the expectations of the Nellhouse curve together with increased size of the subarachnoid spaces. Developmental milestones of 20 infants (aged 0-16 months) with external hydrocephalus were studied by the Mullen Scales of ...
Malikiwi Andra A Monash Newborn, Monash Children's Hospital, Monash University, 246, Clayton Road, Clayton, VIC, 3168, Melbourne, Australia, - - 2014
Indomethacin has been the mainstay for medical closure of patent ductus arteriosus. With its discontinuation, many units shifted to the use ibuprofen. We compared the therapeutic efficacy (successful closure, a priori defined as complete closure or >50 % reduction in size) and the impact of the two drugs on neonatal morbidities. ...
Chhonker Devender D Department of Pediatrics, University College of Medical Sciences & Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital, 110095, Shahdara, Delhi, - - 2014
To compare the lipid profile of exclusively breastfed and mixed-fed, term, appropriate for gestation age infants from 6 mo to 1 y of age. This prospective comparative study included one hundred ninety nine consecutive term healthy infants; 105 on exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) and 94 receiving mixed feeding (MF). These children ...
Kasdorf Ericalyn E Department of Pediatrics, New York-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center, New York, New York, - - 2014
Asystole at birth and extending through 10 min is rare, with current international recommendations stating it may be appropriate to consider discontinuation of resuscitation in this clinical scenario. These recommendations are based on small case series of both term and preterm infants, where death or abnormal outcome was nearly universal. Study ...
Emerson Beth L BL From the *Section of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, †Yale University School of Medicine; ‡Child Study Center, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, - - 2014
This study aimed to determine the prevalence of and risk factors for postpartum depression (PPD) in mothers of young infants presenting to the pediatric emergency department (PED). This was a prospective, observational study to evaluate the prevalence of PPD in a sample of mothers of young infants presenting to the ...
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