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Maisels M Jeffrey MJ Department of Pediatrics, Oakland University William Beaumont School of Medicine, Beaumont Children's Hospital, Royal Oak, Michigan - - 2014
Breastfed newborns are more likely to develop prolonged hyperbilirubinemia than those fed formula, but the prevalence of prolonged hyperbilirubinemia in a largely white, North American breastfed population is unknown. In this population, we documented the natural history of jaundice and the prevalence of prolonged hyperbilirubinemia, and we evaluated the utility ...
Iyer Suneeti Nathani - - 2014
This preliminary study explored relationships between form and function in prelinguistic vocalizations to increase our understanding of early communicative development and to provide potential clinical implications for early communicative assessment and intervention. Twenty typically developing infants: five infants in each of four age groups, from 3 to 20 months of ...
Swingler Margaret M MM Department of Human Development and Family Studies, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Two hundred and thirty-three 5-month-old infants and their mothers participated in a study designed to examine the influence of maternal sensitivity and infant neurophysiology, as well as interactions between these, on infants' regulatory behavior and reactivity to emotional challenge. Maternal sensitivity was measured during two mother-child free-play episodes prior to ...
Kato Kayoko - - 2014
Data on predictors of gestational exposure to poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in the United States are limited. To fill in this gap, in a multiethnic cohort of Ohio pregnant women recruited in 2003-2006, we measured perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), perfluorooctanoate (PFOA), and six additional PFASs in maternal serum at ~16 ...
Bicking Kinsey Cara - - 2014
Miscarriage, the unexpected loss of pregnancy before 20 weeks gestation, may have a negative effect on a mother's perception of herself as a capable woman and on her emotional health when she is pregnant again subsequent to the miscarriage. As such, a mother with a history of miscarriage may be ...
Brindle Mary Elizabeth ME Department of Surgery, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada; - - 2014
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a condition with a highly variable outcome. Some infants have a relatively mild disease process, whereas others have significant pulmonary hypoplasia and hypertension. Identifying high-risk infants postnatally may allow for targeted therapy.METHODS: Data were obtained on 2202 infants from the Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Study Group ...
Tenorio Violeta V Neonatal and Maternal-Fetal Medicine Department, ICGON, Hospital Clınic, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; Fetal and Perinatal Medicine Research Group, Institut d'Investigacions Biomediques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), Barcelona, - - 2014
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the association between a quantitative texture analysis of early neonatal brain ultrasound images and later neurobehavior in preterm infants. A prospective cohort study including 120 preterm (<33 wk of gestational age) infants was performed. Cranial ultrasound images taken early after birth were analyzed ...
Iijima Shigeo - - 2014
Neonates routinely receive vitamin K to prevent vitamin K deficiency bleeding, which is associated with a high mortality rate and a high frequency of neurological sequelae. A coagulation screening test might be necessary to detect prophylactic failure or incomplete prophylaxis. However, venous access and the volume of blood required for ...
Song Juan J Department of Pediatrics, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, - - 2014
Purpose The aim of the article is to assess the predictive value of amplitude-integrated electroencephalogram (aEEG) for cerebral white matter damage (WMD) in preterm infants. Patients and Methods Preterms ≤ 32 weeks' gestational age (GA) born between March 2012 and December 2012 were enrolled. The aEEG patterns within 72 hours were classified and recorded ...
Yürümez Esra - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the relationship between mothers and their developmentally normal infants in terms of maternal alexithymia, depression and anxiety, and marital satisfaction. Methods: Fifty children between 18 and 48 months of age and their mothers were referred consecutively to the Infant Mental Health Unit of Ankara University School ...
Vance Deborah A DA Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Seton Medical Center Austin, Texas (Mss Vance and Moynihan); Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Dell Children's Medical Center of Central Texas, Austin (Ms Demel); Nursing Strategic Initiatives, Lyndon B. Johnson General Hospital, Houston, Texas (Dr Kirksey); and Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nurse Department, Seton Healthcare Family, Austin, Texas (Ms - - 2014
Infants, especially those born prematurely, are at increased risk for skin breakdown because of the immaturity and fragility of their skin. Following an appraisal of existing skin risk assessment scales, we surmised that none provided valid, clear, and concise assessment criteria and direction for treatment interventions specifically for use with ...
Blaggan Samarita S Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom; - - 2014
The Parent Report of Children's Abilities-Revised (PARCA-R) is a questionnaire for assessing cognitive and language development in very preterm infants. Given the increased risk of developmental delay in infants born late and moderately preterm (LMPT; 32-36 weeks), this study aimed to validate this questionnaire as a screening tool in this ...
Mello Bernadete B Departamento de Desenvolvimento Humano e Reabilitação, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, SP, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to compare the behavior of full-term small-for-gestational age (SGA) with full-term appropriate-for gestational age (AGA) infants in the first year of life. We prospectively evaluated 68 infants in the 2nd month, 67 in the 6th month and 69 in the 12th month. The Bayley ...
van der Pol Rachel J RJ Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Emma Children's Hospital, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
It is hypothesized that laryngeal edema is caused by laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) (ie, gastroesophageal reflux extending into the larynx and pharynx). The validated reflux finding score (RFS) assesses LPR disease in adults. We, therefore, aimed to develop an adapted RFS for infants (RFS-I) and assess its observer agreement. Visibility of ...
Lipkie Tristan E TE Department of Food Science, Purdue University, West Lafayette, - - 2014
Clinical evidence suggests that the bioavailability of lutein is lower from infant formula than from human milk. The purpose of this study was to assess characteristics of human milk and lutein-fortified infant formula that may impact carotenoid delivery. Carotenoid bioaccessibility and intestinal absorption were modeled by in vitro digestion coupled ...
Lorenz Laila L Department of Neonatology, University Children's Hospital of Tübingen, Tübingen, - - 2014
Background: Iron deficiency (ID) contributes to anaemia of prematurity, and hence the reliable assessment of iron nutrition status appears to be mandatory. Objective: To establish gestational age (GA)-specific reference ranges for hepcidin concentrations in cord blood [Hep(CB)] of preterm and term infants and to identify pre- and perinatal confounding factors. ...
Quinn Graham E GE Division of Pediatric Ophthalmology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, - - 2014
The present strategy to identify infants needing treatment for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) requires repeated examinations of at-risk infants by physicians. However, less than 10% ultimately require treatment. Retinal imaging by nonphysicians with remote image interpretation by nonphysicians may provide a more efficient strategy. To evaluate the validity of a ...
Nevalainen Päivi P BioMag Laboratory, Hospital District of Helsinki and Uusimaa, HUS Medical Imaging Center, Helsinki University Central Hospital (HUCH), Helsinki, Finland; Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, Children's Hospital, HUS Medical Imaging Center, HUCH, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Prior studies on extremely preterm infants have reported long-term prognostic value of absent secondary somatosensory cortex (SII) responses in magnetoencephalography (MEG) at term. The present work (i) further examines the potential added value of SII responses in neonatal neurological evaluation of preterm infants, and (ii) tests whether SII responses are ...
Kaplan Peter S PS Department of Psychology, University of Colorado Denver, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
To separate effects of maternal depression on infant cognitive versus language development, 1-year-olds were assessed using the revised Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development (BSID-III). Percentile scores on the Bayley Expressive Communication (EC) subscale were significantly negatively correlated with maternal self-report scores on the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II). However, ...
Mathews Meagan E ME The University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, NC, - - 2014
Many US women fall short of meeting the recommendations on breastfeeding. Whereas prenatal demographic factors have been well researched in relation to breastfeeding, psychosocial maternal characteristics are less understood but could be important predictors of breastfeeding initiation and duration. This study examined primiparous maternal psychosocial characteristics and temperamentally based negative ...
Baer Rebecca J RJ Genetic Disease Screening Program, California Department of Public Health, Richmond, CA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine the association between increased first trimester fetal nuchal translucency (NT) measurement and major non-cardiac structural birth defects in euploid infants. Included were 75,899 singleton infants without aneuploidy or critical congenital heart defects born in California in 2009 and 2010 with NT measured between 11 and 14 weeks of ...
Lehr Victoria Tutag VT *The Eugene Applebaum College of Pharmacy & Health Sciences, Department of Pharmacy Practice, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI †Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, Pediatric Pharmacology Research Unit, Children's Hospital of Michigan, Detroit, MI ‡Division of Neonatal and Perinatal Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Hutzel Women's Hospital and Children's Hospital of Michigan, Wayne University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI §Children's Research Center of Michigan, Department of Pediatrics, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI ∥Division of Neonatology and Neonatal Translational Research Laboratory, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of oral sucrose on skin blood flow (SBF; perfusion units; PU) measured by Laser Doppler Imager (LDI) in term newborns and pain response (Neonatal Infant Pain Scale score; NIPS) during heel lance, and (2) determine SBF changes during heel lance and (3) the relationship between SBF ...
Möller Eline L EL Research Institute of Child Development and Education, University of Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Infants use signals from others to guide their behavior when confronted with novel situations, a process called 'social referencing' (SR). Via SR, signs of parental anxiety can lead to infant anxiety. Little is known about differences in the effect of paternal and maternal SR signals on child anxiety. Using a ...
Castillo Mariana Ulhôa MU Division of Neonatal Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (EPM-Unifesp), São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
Compare the habituation responses to external stimuli between preterm infants at the postconceptual age of 40 weeks and term infants in the first days of life, and evaluate the habituation responses of the preterm infants until the age of 40 postconceptual weeks. Prospective cohort study of preterm infants aged <32 weeks. The ...
Liang Ms PhD Candidate X X Department of Psychology, School of Education, Capital Normal University, Beijing, - - 2014
to investigate adult attachment status in first-time mothers, and stability and/or changes in maternal sensitivity during infancy. longitudinal study using quantitative and qualitative methods, and statistical modelling. Three home visits were undertaken when the infant was approximately six, nine and 14 months old. The Adult-to-Parental Attachment Experience Survey was used, ...
Rattray B N BN Department of Pediatrics, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, - - 2014
Objective:Evaluate spontaneous intestinal perforation (SIP)/death among extremely low birthweight (ELBW) infants before, during and after initiation of an antenatal magnesium for neuroprotection protocol (MgPro).Study Design:We tested associations between SIP/death and magnesium exposure, gestational age (GA) and interactions with GA and magnesium exposure in a cohort of inborn ELBW infants before, ...
Glassman Melissa E ME 1 Division of Child and Adolescent Health, Columbia University , New York, New - - 2014
Abstract Background: Latinas have high breastfeeding initiation rates that decrease significantly in the first postpartum months. Little is known about the effects of self-efficacy and sociocultural factors on early breastfeeding among low-income Latinas. This study quantifies early breastfeeding rates and identifies factors associated with breastfeeding at 4-6 weeks postpartum in ...
Stevenson Nathan J NJ Neonatal Brain Research Group, Irish Centre for Fetal and Neonatal Translational Research (INFANT), University College Cork, - - 2014
Measuring fluctuation of vigilance states in early preterm infants undergoing long term intensive care holds promise for monitoring their neurological well-being. There is currently, however, neither objective nor quantitative methods available for this purpose in a research or clinical environment. The aim of this proof-of-concept study was, therefore, to develop ...
Sehgal Arvind A Monash Newborn, Monash Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia, - - 2014
Existing data suggest subendocardial ischemia in preterm infants with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) and alterations in cardiac function after indomethacin administration. This study aimed to explore the evolution of left ventricular function by conventional echocardiography and speckle-tracking echocardiography (STE) and to ascertain the interrelationship with coronary flow indices in response ...
Davis Matthew A MA 1] Children's Environmental Health and Disease Prevention Research Center at Dartmouth, Hanover, New Hampshire, USA [2] Institute for Quantitative Biomedical Sciences Graduate Program, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire, - - 2014
A growing body of evidence suggests that in utero and early-life exposure to arsenic may have detrimental effects on children, even at the low to moderate levels common in the United States and elsewhere. In a sample of 170 mother-infant pairs from New Hampshire, we determined infant exposure to in ...
Umemura Tomo T Institute for Research on Children Youth and Family, Faculty of Social Studies, Masaryk University, Joštova 10, 602 00 Brno, Czech Republic. Electronic address: - - 2014
Using the NICHD Early Childcare dataset (N=1281), this study examined whether infant temperament and the amount of time infants spend in nonmaternal care independently predict (1) the likelihood that they seek comfort from their mother when needed and (2) placement in a particular subgroup of infant-mother attachment patterns. Mothers reported ...
McCloskey Kate - - 2014
Aortic intima-media thickness measured by transabdominal ultrasound (aIMT) is an intermediate phenotype of cardiovascular risk. We aimed to (1) investigate the reproducibility of aIMT in a population-derived cohort of infants; (2) establish the distribution of aIMT in early infancy; (3) compare measurement by edge-detection software to that by manual sonographic ...
Huggard D - - 2014
The Bayley scale of infant development is employed as the performance indicator at 2 years corrected gestational age for high risk paediatric groups. We compare neurodevelopmental outcomes in two cohorts of VLBW infants born in 1999 to a cohort born a decade later, while also examining the challenges of direct ...
Sawyer A A University of Sussex, Brighton, - - 2014
Preterm birth is a major challenge in perinatal healthcare. However, there is little research into parents' satisfaction with care during very preterm birth. Therefore the aim of the current study was to develop and evaluate a questionnaire to measure parents' experiences and satisfaction with care during very preterm birth. A ...
Dickins D D Liverpool Women's Hospital, Liverpool, - - 2014
To review unexpected term admissions to SCBU, identify areas for improvement in care of women in labour and highlight specific cases for learning points. Birth asphyxia is a significant cause of neonatal morbidity and carries a significant risk to the trust for future litigation. The overall incidence of neonatal encephalopathy ...
Wilcock A A University of Manchester, Manchester, - - 2014
: Although necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) carries significant morbidity/mortality in preterm babies, it is poorly understood and its identification is hindered by the lack of a single diagnostic test. Metabolomics offers innovative opportunities for biomarker discovery and improving pathogenetic insight. We implemented a novel pilot study to determine if metabolomics could ...
James A A Rotunda Hospital, Dublin, - - 2014
To assess the reliability of longitudinal strain (LS) and strain rate (SR) in the very low birth weight infants. LS and SR were measured in infants less than 28 weeks corrected gestational age using colour tissue Doppler at the mid segment of the LV free wall, the intra-ventricular septum and ...
James A A Rotunda Hospital, Dublin, - - 2014
Physiological changes of the preterm heart during the transitioning period are a challenging area to assess. Colour Tissue Doppler derived longitudinal strain (LS) and strain rate (SR) as well as tricuspid annulus plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) and fractional area change (FAC) are novel echocardiographic techniques for the assessment of left ...
Killeen H H National University of Ireland, Galway, Galway, - - 2014
Although much literature has focused on the cognitive, motor and behavioural sequelae of preterm birth, little attention in the medical literature has addressed its impact on everyday life skills. Few standardised assessments that measure adaptive behaviour are normed on a UK/Irish population of children. The Adaptive behaviour Assessment Scale-II (ABAS- ...
Hall R A S RA Department of Developmental Psychology, Tilburg University, P.O. Box 90153, 5000 LE, Tilburg, The Netherlands, - - 2014
This prospective study examined whether or not a mother's representations of her infant were more often disrupted after premature childbirth. Furthermore, the study examined if different components of maternal interactive behavior mediated the relation between maternal disrupted representations and infant attachment. The participants were mothers of full-term (n = 75), moderately preterm ...
Zhang X X Department of Pediatrics, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, QC, - - 2014
To examine temporal trends in stillbirth and its risk factors in the United States (US), and to assess the contribution of labour induction and caesarean delivery to the stillbirth rate. Population-based cohort study based on linked birth-infant death and fetal death data files from the US National Vital Statistics System. ...
Mwangome Martha K MK 1KEMRI/Wellcome Trust Research Programme,PO Box 230,Kilifi - - 2014
To compare mothers' perceptions of their own infants' nutritional status with anthropometric indicators of undernutrition. A qualitative study and cross-sectional quantitative survey. The qualitative study involved developing tools to assess mother's perception. Two methods of verbal description and a pictorial scale were developed. The quantitative survey involved measuring maternal perception ...
Luczyńska Anna A Center for Chronic Immunodeficiency (CCI), Molecular Epidemiology, University Medical Center Freiburg, Engesser Strasse 4, 79108, Freiburg, - - 2014
Lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) are a major cause of hospitalization in infants. Research suggests that immunomodulatory properties of vitamin D may influence LRTI risk. This study's objective was to examine whether 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations in cord blood influenced susceptibility to LRTI in the first year of life. Data ...
Doralp Samantha S The University of Western Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
This paper highlights the development and testing of the Infant Movement Motivation Questionnaire (IMMQ), an instrument designed to evaluate qualities of infant characteristics that relate specifically to early motor development. The measurement development process included three phases: item generation, pilot testing and evaluation of acceptability and feasibility for parents and ...
Cremonese Cleber C Environment and Public Health Post-graduation Program, National School of Public Health, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (FIOCRUZ), Rio de Janeiro, - - 2014
To investigate the association between per capita pesticide consumption and infant mortality rates from CNS and CVS congenital malformations in microregions in the South and Southeast Region of Brazil. An ecological study was conducted using data on pesticide expenditure in 1985 and 1996, and deaths caused by CNS and CVS ...
Mitra S S Neonatal Unit, Rosie Hospital, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, - - 2014
Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and transcranial Doppler (TCD) allow non-invasive assessment of cerebral haemodynamics. We assessed cerebrovascular reactivity in preterm infants by investigating the relationship between NIRS and TCD derived indices and correlating them with severity of clinical illness. We recorded the NIRS derived cerebral tissue oxygenation index (TOI) and TCD ...
Philippi Heike H Center of Developmental Neurology, Frankfurt, - - 2014
To evaluate a kinematic paradigm of automatic general movements analysis in comparison to clinical assessment in 3-month-old infants and its prediction for neurodevelopmental outcome. Preterm infants at high risk (n=49; 26 males, 23 females) and term infants at low risk (n=18; eight males, 10 females) of developmental impairment were recruited ...
Weidauer Lee L Ethel Austin Martin Program in Human Nutrition, South Dakota State University, Brookings, SD, - - 2014
We compared the accuracy and reproducibility of using ulnar and lower leg length measurements to predict length and height in infants and children aged 0 to 6 years. Length/height and ulnar and lower leg length were measured in 352 healthy preterm and term-born children (167 males, 185 females) (Mean age= 2.6±1.6 years). ...
Han Sangyoun S Department of Ophthalmology, Kim's Eye Hospital, Seoul, - - 2014
We investigated chief complaints and ocular disorders in infants under one year of age and analyzed the association between complaints and disorders. The medical records of 815 infants were reviewed. Chief complaints were grouped into the following 11 categories: eyelid drooping, epiphora (tearing), ocular discharge, lid swelling, eyelashes touching the ...
Fusch Gerhard G Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, - - 2014
Significant biological variation in macronutrient content of breast milk is an important barrier that needs to be overcome to meet nutritional needs of preterm infants. To analyze macronutrient content, commercial infrared milk analyzers have been proposed as efficient and practical tools in terms of efficiency and practicality. Since milk analyzers ...
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