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Fernández Rocío R División de Pediatría, Hospital Dr. Sótero Del - - 2014
Objective. To analyze survival and relevant morbidity by gestational age (GA) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants (<1500 g) and, based on these data, develop a fact sheet to provide information to perinatal healthcare providers and very low birth weight preterm infants'parents. Study Design. Data were prospectively collected in ...
Romanin Viviana V Programa Nacional de Control de Enfermedades Inmunoprevenibles, Ministerio de Salud de la Nación, - - 2014
Introduction. Pertussis is a challenge for public health. Objectives: To describe pertussis-related morbidity and mortality and immunization coverage for the 2002-2011 period, profile of cases for 2011, and control strategies implemented by the Ministry of Health (MoH) of Argentina. Methods. Descriptive, epidemiological surveillance study. Morbidity data were obtained from the ...
Turkmen Sahruh S Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Sundsvalls Research Unit, Umeå University, Umeå, - - 2014
To evaluate the effects of different types of vacuum cups on maternal and neonatal outcomes following assisted vaginal delivery. A retrospective cohort study was undertaken of all vacuum-assisted deliveries performed over a period of 2 years. Patients were divided into two groups according to whether a Kiwi OmniCup (n = 230) or Malmström ...
Nagasaka Miwako M Departments of Pediatrics, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, - - 2014
This study aimed to investigate the incidence of short stature at 3 years of age in a Japanese cohort of late preterm infants who were born at 34-36 weeks' gestational age (GA). We compared these late preterm infants with term infants (37-41 weeks' GA), and evaluated the effect of birth weight on the ...
Stratulat Petru Mihai PM Mother&Child Institute, Burebista 93 street, Chisinau, 2062 Moldova, Republic - - 2014
Abstract The aim of the study was to estimate the number of preventable neonatal deaths based on national data. Methods. To estimate the number and proportions of avoidable neonatal deaths, we have used the same approach described by Gary L. Darmstadt [5], using both the official statistical data and data ...
Oncel Mehmet Yekta MY Zekai Tahir Burak Maternity Teaching Hospital, Division of Neonatology, Ankara, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of orally administered Lactobacillus reuteri (L. reuteri) versus nystatin in prevention of fungal colonization and invasive candidiasis in very low birth weight infants. Methods: A prospective, randomized comparative study was conducted in preterm infants with a gestational age ...
Hauglann Lisbeth L Division of Child and Adolescent Health, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University Hospital of North Norway, Tromsø, - - 2014
Examine the effect of an early intervention programme on cognitive outcome at 7 and 9 years in children with birth weight (BW) <2000 g. A randomised controlled trial of a modified version of the Mother-Infant Transaction Program. A single tertiary neonatal unit. 146 infants were randomised into a preterm control group (74) ...
Courdent Marie M 1 Mother and Child Welfare, General Council of the Nord Department , Lille, France - - 2014
Abstract Background: Few data are available on the number of stools in exclusively breastfed infants. Two studies aimed to assess the stool pattern in exclusively breastfed infants and to evaluate the reactions of mothers in the case of infrequent stools and the decisions of healthcare providers. Materials and Methods: Infrequent ...
Schwaberger Bernhard B Research Unit for Cerebral Development and Oximetry, Division of Neonatology, Medical University of Graz, Austria. Research Unit for Neonatal Micro- and Macrocirculation, Division of Neonatology, Medical University of Graz, Austria. Division of Neonatology, Department of Paediatrics, Medical University of Graz, - - 2014
Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) enables continuous non-invasive measurements of regional oxygen saturation (rSO2). The aim was to evaluate the dynamics of rSO2 of the brain, preductal and postductal tissues during postnatal transition in preterm infants with and without respiratory support (RS). This single-centre study was designed as an exploratory prospective observational ...
Giannì Maria Lorella - - 2014
Pre-term infants who develop bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) are at risk of postnatal growth failure. It has been reported that energy expenditure is higher in infants with BPD than in those without BPD. The aim of the study was to evaluate whether increasing the enteral energy intake of pre-term infants with ...
Gabis Lidia V LV Weinberg Child Development Center at Safra Children's Hospital, Tel Hashomer, Ramat Gan, Israel Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel - - 2014
Evaluation of a multisensory intervention based on the developmental approach provided by parents, during neonatal intensive care unit hospitalization of their preterm infants. After guidance of parents and implementation of intervention program, children were followed up to 2 to 3 years using scales for evaluation of parental stress levels and ...
Badejoko Bolaji O BO Departments of Paediatrics, - - 2014
To document the patterns of bilirubin and hematocrit values among glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD)-deficient and G6PD-normal Nigerian neonates in the first week of life, in the absence of exposure to known icterogenic agents. The G6PD status of consecutive term and near-term neonates was determined, and their bilirubin levels and hematocrits were ...
Holditch-Davis Diane D School of Nursing, Duke University, Durham, NC 27710, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Although studies have examined the effects of interventions focused on preterm infants, few studies have examined the effects on maternal distress (anxiety, depressive symptoms, post-traumatic stress symptoms, parenting stress) or parenting. This study examined the effects of the auditory-tactile-visual-vestibular (ATVV) intervention and kangaroo care (KC) on maternal distress and the ...
Hufton Emily E Manchester Centre for Sexual Health, Central Manchester NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, - - 2014
Little is known about the infant feeding experiences of refugees residing in the UK. To enable successful health promotion for this population, such experiences must be understood. The study aimed to gain an understanding of infant feeding practices among a group of UK-based refugee mothers. Objectives were to explore mothers' ...
Wu Pei-Ling PL Graduate Institute of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, - - 2014
The Neonatal Therapeutic Intervention Scoring System (NTISS) is used to indicate disease severity for neonates who need intensive care. We examined the ability of serial NTISS scores to predict mortality in very-low-birth-weight preterm infants. We reviewed the medical records of all preterm infants that had a birth weight of <1500 g ...
Luo Lili L Department of Pediatrics, West China Second University Hospital, Sichuan University , Sichuan , China - - 2014
Abstract Objective: We conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate whether maternal hepatitis B virus (HBV) carrier status increases the risk of neonatal complications. Methods: Publications addressing the association between maternal HBV carrier status and neonatal outcomes were selected from the PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane Library and China National Knowledge ...
Fischer A A 1] USC Division of Neonatal Medicine, LAC+USC Medical Center, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA [2] Department of Pediatrics, LAC+USC Medical Center, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, - - 2014
Objective:To evaluate the usefulness of abdominal ultrasound in infants with gasless abdomen radiographically suspected to have spontaneous intestinal perforation (SIP).Study Design:This was a retrospective analysis of data from our neonatal database including infants with birth weight ⩽1000 g with suspicion of SIP, for the period January 2000 to May 2012.Result:Four hundred ...
Koo Winston - - 2014
Human milk (HM) contains critical nutrients and possibly other neurotrophic factors that could benefit the less developed brain of preterm infants, particularly those with very low birth weight (VLBW). This study aims to systematically review the original studies to determine whether there is a reproducible independent effect of HM feeding ...
Kaur Avneet A Department of Neonatology, Institute of Child health, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, Rajinder Nagar, New Delhi. India. Pin: - - 2014
To compare prefeed abdominal circumference and gastric residual volume as a measure of feed intolerance in very low birth weight infants (VLBW). EightyVLBW infantswere randomized to two groups; feed intolerance was monitored by measuring either gastric residual volume (GRV group) or prefeed abdominal circumference (AC group). The primary outcomewas time ...
Lindbäck Caroline - - 2014
Each year an estimated 10 million newborns require assistance to initiate breathing, and about 900 000 die due to intrapartum-related complications. Further research is required in several areas concerning neonatal resuscitation, particularly in settings with limited resources where the highest proportion of intrapartum-related deaths occur. The aim of this study ...
Iliodromiti Stamatina S School of Medicine, University of Glasgow, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, Glasgow, - - 2014
The Apgar score has been used worldwide as an index of early neonatal condition for more than 60 years. With advances in health-care service provision, neonatal resuscitation, and infant care, its present relevance is unclear. The aim of the study was to establish the strength of the relation between Apgar ...
Terui Keita K Department of Pediatric Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, 1-8-1 Inohana, Chuou-ku, Chiba, 260-8677, Japan, - - 2014
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is one of the concomitant problems in infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). We assessed risk factors of GERD in CDH patients. The retrospective observational study for CDH infants was conducted. Cases of CDH who were born between January 2006 and December 2010, were operated in ...
Delnord Marie - - 2014
While international variations in overall cesarean delivery rates are well documented, less information is available for clinical sub-groups. Cesarean data presented by subgroups can be used to evaluate uptake of cesarean reduction policies or to monitor delivery practices for high and low risk pregnancies based on new scientific evidence. We ...
Viau Angela Cristina - - 2014
Abstract Aims: To determine the infant mortality of newborns with 1- and 5-min Apgar scores of 0-3. Results: Population cohort study with neonates with birth weight ≥400 g, gestational age ≥22 weeks and 1- and 5-min Apgar scores of 0-3, without malformations, born in São Paulo State (Brazil) from January ...
Rogers S J SJ MIND Institute, University of California, Davis, Sacramento, CA, USA, - - 2014
The goal of early autism screening is earlier treatment. We pilot-tested a 12-week, low-intensity treatment with seven symptomatic infants ages 7-15 months. Parents mastered the intervention and maintained skills after treatment ended. Four comparison groups were matched from a study of infant siblings. The treated group of infants was significantly more ...
Nelson Eliza L EL Department of Psychology, Florida International University, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Infants show age-related improvements in reach straightness and smoothness over the first years of life as well as a decrease in average movement speed. This period of changing kinematics overlaps the emergence of handedness. We examined whether infant hand preference status is related to the development of motor control in ...
Borghini Ayala A Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University Hospital of Lausanne (CHUV), Lausanne, - - 2014
Preterm birth may represent a traumatic situation for both parents and a stressful situation for the infant, potentially leading to difficulties in mother-infant relationships. This study aimed to investigate the impact of an early intervention on maternal posttraumatic stress symptoms, and on the quality of mother-infant interactions, in a sample ...
Kaitz Marsha M Department of Psychology, Hebrew University , Mount Scopus, Jerusalem , Israel - - 2014
Abstract Women's antenatal anxiety, especially if paired with significant life stressors or comorbid physical or mental health disorders, can predict adverse birth outcomes, defined in terms of birth weight, gestational age at birth and obstetric complications. Here, we tested for an impact of moderate anxiety symptoms on these outcomes because ...
Bogner Gerhard - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Vaginal delivery of fetal breech presentation is considered to be a challenge for obstetricians. The purpose of this study was to show that vaginal delivery in all fours position is feasible and safe for mother and child compared with vaginal breech and classic support. Methods: A single-center prospective ...
Sievert Lynnette Leidy LL From the Department of Anthropology, UMass Amherst, Amherst, - - 2014
Hot flashes are commonly associated with menopause, and some researchers have questioned whether the widespread phenomenon may somehow be adaptive. It has been hypothesized that hot flashes were selected to occur during the hypoestrogenic postpartum period as a mechanism to warm infants. The purpose of this study was to test ...
Joergensen Jan Stener JS University of Southern Denmark, Clinical Institute, Odense University Hospital, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics , Odense , - - 2014
Introduction: Preterm birth is the major cause of perinatal mortality and morbidity in high-income countries. The etiology of preterm birth is multifactorial but there is overwhelming evidence to implicate infection as a major cause. Abnormal genital tract flora in early pregnancy is predictive of preterm birth so it is logical ...
Saida Ken K Department of Pediatrics Shinshu, University School of Medicine, 3-1-1 Asahi, Matsumoto, 390-8621, Japan, - - 2014
Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome (SSSS) demonstrates dermal symptoms due to exfoliative toxin (ET) A or ETB produced by Staphylococcus aureus. We examined the association between anti-ETA antibodies and SSSS onset in neonates. Three preterm infants carried an ETA-producing strain of S. aureus, manifesting as either SSSS or bullous impetigo; a ...
Terrell Metrecia L ML Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Brominated flame retardants (BFRs) and other persistent organic pollutants have been associated with adverse health outcomes in humans and may be particularly toxic to the developing fetus. We investigated the association between in utero polybrominated biphenyl (PBB) and polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) exposures and infant Apgar scores in a cohort of ...
Priyadarshi Archana A New Born Care Centre, Royal Hospital for Women, Sydney, New South Wales, - - 2014
Preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) requiring surfactant treatment are often retrieved mechanically ventilated to the receiving hospital. INSURE (INtubate, SURfactant, Extubate) technique is not routinely performed by Newborn and Pediatric Emergency Transport Services NSW (NETS) during retrieval. This study aims to evaluate the likelihood of using INSURE technique ...
Sirois Patricia A PA Tulane University, New Orleans, - - 2014
West Nile virus (WNV) infection is associated with acute morbidity and mortality in adults and children. Information on the effects of maternal WNV illness during pregnancy on early childhood development is limited. This study was designed to examine the relationship between maternal WNV illness during pregnancy and birth and developmental ...
Kvenshagen B K BK Department of Paediatrics, Oestfold Hospital Trust, Fredrikstad, Norway. Electronic address: - - 2014
Atopic eczema (AE) affects approximately 20% of children in Northern countries. Onset during early infancy is common and is characterised by altered skin barrier, increased water loss and defective lipid layer. Restoration of skin barrier by emollients and/or oil baths is an important part of AE treatment, but its role ...
Salvatori Guglielmo G 1 Department of Medical and Surgical Neonatology, Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital , Rome, Italy - - 2014
Abstract Human milk and breastfeeding represent the nutritional normative standards for term and preterm newborns. With the term "surgical infants" we refer to all newborns who undergo surgery during the first days of life and who are assisted in the neonatal intensive care unit during the postoperative period and then ...
Nair M K C MK Child Development Centre, Thiruvananthapuram Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram, 695011, Kerala, India, - - 2014
To assess the effectiveness of Trivandrum Developmental Screening Chart (TDSC) items based intervention package developed at Child Development Centre, Kerala on the developmental outcome of children at 18 mo of age using Developmental Assessment Scale for Indian Infants (DASII) and compare the same in different birth weight groups. Five hundred consecutive ...
Pári András A Dissemination Department,Hungarian Central Statistical Office - - 2014
Since 1876, statistical data on twin and multiple (TAM) births and deliveries have been registered in Hungary. Although there were some years during this 138-year period when twin births and deliveries were left out of the statistics, the trends can be followed, except for the period of World War II. ...
Lambertz A A Department of General, Visceral and Transplantation Surgery, RWTH Aachen University Hospital, Pauwelsstr. 30, 52074, Aachen, Germany, - - 2014
Inguinal hernia repair is the most frequently performed surgical procedure in infants and children. Especially in premature infants, prevalence reaches up to 30 % in coincidence with high rates of incarceration during the first year of life. These infants carry an increased risk of complications due to general anesthesia. Thus, spinal ...
Beckwith Anna Malia AM Children's Specialized Hospital, Rutgers-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Mountainside, NJ, USA - - 2014
Objective. Study aims to examine development in infants following prenatal heroin, methadone, and opioid exposure, which adversely affects central and autonomic nervous systems. Abrupt discontinuation results in neurologic and behavioral findings as Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS). Method. Following NAS treatment, 28 infants (mean age 55 days [range 21-98 days], 57% ...
Prasanth Kaninghat - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To evaluate cord blood concentrations of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and cortisol in well term infants born with and without meconium-stained amniotic fluid (MSAF) and term infants born with MSAF who experienced respiratory distress (RD). Study design: This was a prospective observational study. Fifty-four term infants were enrolled in ...
Gunnarsson Björn B Norwegian Air Ambulance Foundation, Drøbak, Norway; Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, - - 2014
To study the incidence, maternal characteristics and outcome of unplanned out-of-institution births (= unplanned births) in Norway. Register-based cross-sectional study. All births in Norway (n = 892 137) from 1999 to 2013 with gestational age ≥22 weeks. Analysis of data from the Medical Birth Registry of Norway from 1999 to 2013. Unplanned births (n = 6062) ...
Corsini Iuri I Department of Neurosciences, Psychology, Drug Research and Child Health, Careggi University Hospital of Florence, Florence, - - 2014
Abstract pneumomediastinum (PM) occurs in approximately 0.1% of newborns. Its diagnosis is usually followed by admission of the infant to a neonatal care unit for treatment and monitoring. Aim. We report the outcome of a cohort of late preterm and term infants who developed PM in our center, and review ...
Pierson Rebecca C RC Indiana University School of Medicine and Department of Medicine, Division of Clinical Pharmacology, and Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, - - 2014
To evaluate whether the use of ampicillin and azithromycin leads to a similar latency period in preterm premature rupture of membranes as ampicillin and erythromycin and whether the substitution of azithromycin for erythromycin effects rates of other outcomes. We performed a retrospective cohort study of women with preterm premature rupture ...
Waskosky Aksana - - 2014
Based on research evidence, the purpose was to implement noninvasive approaches in the initial respiratory stabilization of preterm infants. Quality improvement project. One hundred fourteen infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care nursery (NICN) from January 1, 2012 to May 31, 2012 served as a historical control group. Ninety-four infants ...
García-García Emilio E Virgen del Rocío Hospital, Sevilla, Spain - - 2014
Neonatal severe primary hyperparathyroidism presents in the first days of life with severe life-threatening hypercalcemia. It is associated with an inactivating homozygous mutation of the calcium sensing receptor gene. Total parathyroidectomy is the treatment of choice, so the surgeon must identify all the parathyroid tissue, including supernumerary and ectopic glands. ...
Grisaru-Soen G G Pediatric Infectious Disease Unit, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, - - 2014
This report describes the management and outcome of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and paediatric ICU (PICU) exposure to a 26-day-old premature infant with congenital tuberculosis (TB). The infant's mother underwent chest X-ray (CXR) and sputum culture. Contacts of the infant were identified. Tuberculin skin tests (TSTs) were performed on ...
White-Traut Rosemary R Children's Hospital of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, United States; Women, Children and Family Health Science, College of Nursing, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Preterm infants are challenged by immature infant behavioral organization which may negatively influence their ability to oral feed. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the integrated H-HOPE (Hospital to Home: Optimizing the Infant's Environment) intervention would improve infant behavioral organization by increasing the frequency of orally directed ...
Magee Susanna R SR From the Department of Family Medicine, Memorial Hospital of Rhode Island, Providence (SRM, MN); Butler Hospital, Providence, RI (CB); Women & Infants' Hospital of Rhode Island, Providence (CB); and Warren Alpert Medical School, Brown University, Providence, RI (SRM, CB, JM, MN). - - 2014
In this commentary we describe our experience developing a "gentle cesarean" program at a community hospital housing a family medicine residency program. The gentle cesarean technique has been popularized in recent obstetrics literature as a viable option to enhance the experience and outcomes of women and families undergoing cesarean delivery. ...
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