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Koen Nastassja N Department of Psychiatry, Groote Schuur Hospital (J2), University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa, - - 2014
Violence against women is a global public health problem. Exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy has been associated with a number of adverse maternal and fetal outcomes, including delivery of a low birthweight (LBW) infant. However, there is a paucity of data from low-middle income countries (LMIC). We ...
Doheny K K KK Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Pennsylvania State University, Hershey, PA, USA; Division of Newborn Medicine, Penn State Children's Hospital, Hershey, PA, - - 2014
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is an acute neonatal inflammatory disease which may lead to intestinal necrosis, multisystem failure, and death. Currently, NEC is diagnosed by a combination of laboratory and radiographic tests conducted a posteriori i.e., when NEC is already clinically significant. Given the acute onset and rapid progression of NEC, ...
Er B B Gazi University, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Food Analysis, 06330 Ankara, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
Aflatoxins are fungal toxins known to be carcinogenic and are classified as food contaminants. This study was performed to investigate aflatoxin (AF) M1 levels in baby foods sold in Ankara (Turkey) and to evaluate the obtained results according to the Turkish Food Codex (TFC). For this purpose, a total of ...
Kolling Thorsten T Developmental Psychology Lab, Department of Psychology, Goethe University, D-60323 Frankfurt/Main, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Infants and children do not blindly copy every action they observe during imitation tasks. Research demonstrated that infants are efficient selective imitators. The impact of selective perceptual processes (selective attention) for selective deferred imitation, however, is still poorly described. The current study, therefore, analyzed 12-month-old infants' looking behavior during demonstration ...
Cavalleri Francesca F Neuroradiology Unit, Department of Neuroscience, Nuovo Ospedale Civile S. Agostino Estense di Modena, Azienda Unità Sanitaria Locale di Modena, via Giardini 1355, Modena, 41100, Italy, - - 2014
The diagnostic and prognostic assessment of newborn infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) comprises, among other tools, diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps. To compare the ability of DWI and ADC maps in newborns with HIE to predict the neurodevelopmental outcome at 2 years of age. Thirty-four term newborns ...
Chang Joy J Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Atlanta, GA USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Timely diagnosis and treatment of infants infected with HIV are critical for reducing infant mortality. High-throughput automated diagnostic tests like Roche COBAS AmpliPrep/COBAS TaqMan HIV-1 Qual Test (Roche CAPCTM Qual) and the Abbott Real Time HIV-1 Qualitative (Abbott Qualitative) can be used to rapidly expand early infant diagnosis testing services. ...
Reuner Gitta G a Section Neuropediatrics , Children's University Hospital , Heidelberg , Baden-Wuerttemberg , - - 2014
The present study analyzed the links between prematurity, attention, and global cognitive performance in infancy and early childhood. At 7 months, focused attention (FA) was examined with an object examination task in 93 preterm infants (39 of them born extremely/very preterm, 54 born moderately/late preterm, and 38 infants born full-term). ...
Jütte Julia - - 2014
In vitro and in vivo analyses differ between the number of milk ducts found in the lactating breast, and there is a lack of knowledge as to whether or not external factors in the mother or the child affect the number of ductal orifices. The aim of this study was ...
Tse Raymond R Seattle, Wash. From the Division of Plastic and Craniofacial Surgery and the Division of Craniofacial Medicine, Seattle Children's Hospital; the Departments of Surgery and Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine; and the University of Washington School of - - 2014
Surgical and orthodontic treatment of unilateral cleft lip +/- palate can produce dramatic changes in nasolabial form; however, the lack of ideal methods with which to objectively document three-dimensional form limits the ability to assess treatment outcomes. The purpose of this study was to determine the reliability of three-dimensional stereophotogrammetry ...
Scratch Shannon E SE Clinical Sciences, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Royal Children's Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, - - 2014
Preterm infants commonly have transient hypothyroxinemia of prematurity after birth, which has been associated with deficits in general intellectual functioning, memory, attention, and academic achievement. However, research has predominantly focused on thyroxine levels in the first 2 weeks of life and outcomes are limited to the preschool period. Our objective ...
Song R R Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of California San Diego, San Diego, - - 2014
Background Electrical cardiometry (EC) is a continuous noninvasive method for measuring cardiac output (CO), but there are limited data on premature infants. We evaluated the utility of EC monitoring by comparing the results obtained using EC to measurements of CO and systemic blood flow using echocardiography (ECHO). Methods In this prospective observational ...
Rumisha Susan F - - 2014
The precise nature of the relationship between malaria mortality and levels of transmission is unclear. Due to methodological limitations, earlier efforts to assess the linkage have lead to inconclusive results. The malaria transmission intensity and mortality burden across Africa (MTIMBA) project initiated by the INDEPTH Network collected longitudinally entomological data ...
van Miert Clare C R&D, Alder Hey Children's NHS Foundation Trust, Liverpool, - - 2014
To develop and validate a bronchiolitis severity scoring instrument for use by nurses and other healthcare professions. Bronchiolitis is a viral lower respiratory tract infection of infancy. In industrialized countries, admission rates have increased over the last decade with up to 3% of all infants born being admitted to hospital. ...
Yang Hyeon-Jong HJ Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Allergy and Respiratory Center, Soonchunhyang University Hospital, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Background: The skin prick test (SPT) for detecting atopic sensitization is not preferred in young infants with atopic dermatitis (AD) because of concerns about poor skin reactivity. This study aimed to evaluate whether the results of SPT agreed well with those of specific serum immunoglobulin E (sIgE) antibody test in ...
September Cindy C School of Chemical Engineering, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia, - - 2014
When a dysphagic infant is prescribed thickened infant formula (TIF) as a treatment method, some clinicians determine their own addition rates of thickener to meet the specific needs of the infant rather than relying on the directions on the tin. In this study the rheological behaviour of a TIF at ...
Batista M M Unit of Reproduction and Obstetrics, Veterinary Faculty, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Transmontaña s/n 35413, Arucas, Las Palmas, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study tried to define neonatal viability after cesarean section in brachycephalic breeds and the efficacy of an adapted Apgar test to assess newborn survival. Data from 44 cesarean sections and 302 puppies were included. Before surgery (59-61 days after ovulation), an ultrasound evaluation defined the fetal biparietal diameter (BPD). ...
Altuntas Nilgun N Department of Neonatology, Gazi University Medical Faculty , Be┼čevler, Ankara, Turkey - - 2014
Abstract Aim: We aimed to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Infant Breastfeeding Assessment Tool (IBFAT), the Mother Baby Assessment (MBA) Tool, and the LATCH scoring system. Subjects and Methods: Mothers who delivered healthy, full-term infants in the Obstetrics & Gynecology Service of Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey, between December ...
Weinstein M M 1] Functional Brain Center, Wohl Institute for Advanced Imaging, Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center (TASMC), Tel-Aviv, Israel [2] Department of Psychology, Gonda Multidisciplinary Brain Research Center, Bar Ilan University, Ramat-Gan, - - 2014
Objective:To compare echogenicity detected using cranial ultrasound (cUS) and diffuse excessive high signal intensity (DEHSI) detected using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) by identical region-based scoring criteria in preterm infants. To explore the association between these white matter (WM) signal changes with early neurobehavior.Study Design:Forty-nine pre-selected premature infants with only echogenicity ...
Murthy K K Department of Pediatrics, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University and the Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Chicago, IL, - - 2014
Objective:To estimate the risk of death or tracheostomy placement (D/T) in infants with severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia (sBPD) born <32 weeks' gestation referred to regional neonatal intensive care units.Study Design:We conducted a retrospective cohort study in infants born <32 weeks' gestation with sBPD in 2010-2011, using the Children's Hospital Neonatal Database. ...
Gephart S M SM The University of Arizona College of Nursing, Tucson, AZ, - - 2014
Objective:Better measures are needed to identify infants at risk for developing necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and facilitate communication about risk across transitions. Although NEC is multi-factorial, quantification of composite risk for NEC in an individual infant is not clearly defined. The objective of this study was to describe the derivation, validation and ...
Jordan Brigid B Clinical Sciences Theme, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, , Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2014
The critical importance of a secure mother-infant attachment relationship for long-term physical and mental health of the child is well established. Our study aim was to explore mothers' subjective experience of the mother-infant relationship after discharge from hospital following neonatal cardiac surgery. Participants were 97 infants who underwent cardiac surgery ...
Clyman Ronald I RI Department of Pediatric, Cardiovascular Research Institute, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To test the hypothesis that an impaired adrenal response to stress might play a role in the hypotension that follows patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) ligation. We performed a multicenter study of infants born at <32 weeks' gestation who were about to undergo PDA ligation. Serum adrenal steroids were measured 3 times: ...
Healy Fiona F Division of Pulmonary Medicine, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) can develop pulmonary hypertension (PH) from decreased number and abnormal muscularization of pulmonary arteries. Normally pulmonary vascular growth and remodeling parallel airspace growth and alveolarization, which exhibits a wide morphologic variation in CDH. To assess whether infants with CDH and PH have greater abnormalities ...
Grindler David J DJ Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, - - 2014
Children with otitis media (OM) suffer sleep disturbances, loss of appetite, earache, and behavioral problems. Our objective was to quantitate the average burden of OM and to compare the associated impact of tympanostomy tubes on infant health related quality of life (HR-QoL). Multi-institutional prospective cross-sectional study. Otolaryngology, family practice, and ...
Faugstad Tone Maeland TM Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, - - 2014
This study compares prenatal ultrasound examination and autopsy findings in fetuses and infants with gastroschisis and omphalocele. Criteria for inclusion in the study were an autopsy of fetuses/infants with gastroschisis or omphalocele performed between January 1985 and December 2009 and prenatal ultrasound examination performed in a tertiary referral centre. The ...
Maas Christoph C Department of Neonatology, University Children's Hospital of Tuebingen, Tuebingen, - - 2014
Background and Objectives: (1) To investigate the relationship of salivary and plasma cortisol levels in preterm infants with a focus on the usability of salivary cortisol in diagnostic work-up of infants at risk of adrenal insufficiency. (2) To perform a systematic review addressing this question. Methods: Clinical study: We conducted ...
Ruberto Giulio G Clinica Oculistica, IRCCS San Matteo Polyclinic Hospital, P.le Golgi 19, Pavia, 27100, - - 2014
Purpose:Most studies on premature newborns have focused on infants of less than 28 weeks of gestational age (GA) due to their increased risk of developing diseases such as premature retinopathy. Studies on premature infants born between 28 and 35 weeks GA with normal development are less frequent. The aim of ...
Abitbol Carolyn L CL Division of Pediatric Nephrology, University of Miami/Holtz Children's Hospital, Miami, FL. Electronic address: - - 2014
To distinguish between cystatin C (CysC) and creatinine (Cr) as markers of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in preterm infants and to correlate eGFR with total kidney volume (TKV) as a surrogate of nephron mass. Sixty preterm (<37 weeks' gestational age [GA]) and 40 term infants were enrolled at birth. Serum ...
Gold Katherine J KJ Department of Family Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare provider assessment of fetal maceration with death-to-delivery interval to evaluate the reliability of appearance as a proxy for time of death. Cohort chart abstraction was performed for all stillbirth deliveries at or above 28weeks of gestation during a 1-year period in a teaching hospital in Ghana. Of 470 ...
Stevens Bonnie J BJ *The Hospital for Sick Children †Lawrence S. Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing ¶Leslie Dan Faculty of Pharmacy, The University of Toronto, Toronto, ON ‡The Credit Valley Hospital Trillium Health Centre, Mississauga, ON §Ingram School of Nursing, McGill University, Montréal, QC ∥IWK Health Centre, Halifax, NS, - - 2014
To describe revisions to the Premature Infant Pain Profile (PIPP) and initial construct validation and feasibility of the Premature Infant Pain Profile-Revised (PIPP-R). The PIPP was revised to enhance validity and feasibility. To validate the PIPP-R, data from 2 randomized cross-over studies were utilized to: (1) calculate and compare PIPP ...
Takahashi Hiroaki H Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Kobe Children's Hospital, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
We describe the successful mitral valve repair with autologous fresh pericardium in a 5-month-old infant with acute progressive mitral regurgitation. The intraoperative findings consisted of fragile mitral valve leaflets with multiple chordal rupture of both the anterior and posterior leaflets. The disrupted anterolateral commissure was reconstructed using autologous fresh pericardium, ...
Melnyk Bernadette Mazurek BM Bernadette Mazurek Melnyk, PhD, RN, CPNP/PMHNP, FAAN, is Associate Vice President for Health Promotion, University Chief Wellness Officer, and Dean and Professor, College of Nursing, The Ohio State University, Columbus. Krista L. Oswalt, PhD, is Research Assistant Professor, Arizona State University, Tempe. Kimberly Sidora-Arcoleo, PhD, MPH, is Associate Dean for Research & Transdisciplinary Scholarship and Director, Center for Women, Children and Youth, The Ohio State University, - - 2014
Parental perception of their infants and confidence/beliefs about their parenting are among the most salient factors influencing outcomes of preterm infants. The purpose of this study was to assess the psychometric properties of scores on the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Parental Beliefs Scale (NICU PBS) in a sample of mothers ...
Sarkissian Eric J EJ The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Breech position subjects the fetal hip to abnormal mechanical forces. However, unlike genetic or tissue factors linked to developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), the causative effect of the breech position ends when the infant is born. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the rate of spontaneous stabilization ...
Ravelli Anita C J AC Department of Medical Informatics, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
To develop a prognostic model for antenatal prediction of neonatal mortality in infants threatening to be born very preterm (<32 weeks). Nationwide cohort study in The Netherlands between 1999 and 2007. We studied 8500 singletons born between 25(+0) and 31(+6) weeks of gestation where fetus was alive at birth without ...
Chenouard Alexis A Department of Neonatal Medicine, Hôpital Mère Enfant, CHU of Nantes, Boulevard Jean Monnet, 44093, Nantes, - - 2014
Late-onset infection is known to increase the risk of neurodevelopmental impairment in infants born extremely preterm. However, little data is available regarding infants born moderately preterm. The aim of this study was to determine whether late-onset infection in moderately preterm infants (<35 weeks of gestation) was associated with a non-optimal neurodevelopmental ...
Christian Parul - - 2014
The long term consequences of low birth weight (LBW), preterm birth, small-for-gestational age (SGA, defined as birth weight for given gestational age less than the 10th percentile of the reference), and early newborn morbidity on functional outcomes are not well described in low income settings. In rural Nepal, we conducted ...
Nahidi Fatemeh - - 2014
Despite the benefits of mother-newborn skin-to-skin contact immediately after birth, it has not been universally implemented as routine care for healthy term neonates. Midwifes are the first person to contact the neonate after birth. However, there is evidence that many midwives do not perform mother-newborn skin-to-skin contact. The aim of ...
Bicking Kinsey Cara C College of Nursing, The Pennsylvania State University, USA; College of Medicine, Department of Public Health Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
to describe the development of a shortened 10-item version of the Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire (S-PBQ) and examine the relationship between birth-related, psychosocial, and emotional factors and maternal-infant bonding. cross-sectional interview study. women having their first baby in Pennsylvania, USA. we interviewed 3005 women in their third trimester and at one ...
Soysal A Sebnem AS 1Department of Pediatric Neurology, Gazi University, Medical Faculty, Ankara, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to see whether the scores of the Bayley Infant Neurodevelopmental Screener of 45 high-risk preterm infants (gestational age 26-37 wk) between the ages of 3 and 24 months predicted neurodevelopmental status at 7 to 10 years of age. Neurodevelopmental status of 45/122 preterm infants, ...
van der Burg Pauline S PS 1Department of Neonatology, Emma Children's Hospital, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. 2Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, University Medical Center Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Kiel, - - 2014
Electrical impedance tomography measures lung volume in a cross-sectional slice of the lung. Whether these cross-sectional volume changes are representative of the whole lung has only been investigated in adults, showing conflicting results. This study aimed to compare cross-sectional and whole lung volume changes using electrical impedance tomography and respiratory ...
Oye Christian R CR Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Hospital of Trondheim, Trondheim, - - 2014
The anatomy of the femoral trochlea is of vital importance to the stability of the patellofemoral joint. Knowing the characteristics of the femoral trochlea in newborns might prove useful when considering the predisposing factors to patellar instability. To define the normal anatomy and the natural variances of the femoral trochlea ...
Louis Deepak D Neonatal Unit, Advanced Pediatrics Centre, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, - - 2014
This study was done to compare 2 techniques of pulse oximeter sensor application during neonatal resuscitation for faster signal detection. Sensor to infant first (STIF) and then to oximeter was compared with sensor to oximeter first (STOF) and then to infant in ≥28 weeks gestations. The primary outcome was time ...
Sokolover Nir N The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Schneider Children's Medical Center of Israel, , Petah Tikva, - - 2014
Monitoring infant growth is essential for evaluation of development and is an important indicator of health and illness. Length is an essential indicator of infant growth, however, length measurement methods suffer from limitations which restrict their use. To improve infant length measurement by development of a novel, accurate, precise and ...
Butts Ryan J RJ Department of Pediatrics, Medical University of South Carolina, 165 Ashley Avenue, Charleston, SC, 29424, USA, - - 2014
Data regarding the value of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) measurements in infants with a single-ventricle (SV) physiology are lacking. This analysis aimed to describe the BNP level changes in infants with an SV physiology before and after superior cavopulmonary connection (SCPC) surgery. Levels of BNP were measured by a core ...
Ohoka Harue H Nagoya University, Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Nagoya, - - 2014
Postnatal Depression has demonstrated long-term consequences on child cognitive and emotional development; however, the link between maternal and child pathology has not been clearly identified. We conducted a prospective study using self-rating questionnaires to clarify the association between bonding disorder and maternal mood during pregnancy and after childbirth. A total ...
Gonzales Felisa A FA The George Washington University, Washington, DC, - - 2014
This study demonstrates preliminary evidence of the utility of an optimality index as a simple tool for monitoring complications across the perinatal period. The medical records of 147 Latina women participating in a preventive randomized controlled trial for perinatal depression were reviewed for outcomes across the perinatal period. Application of ...
Salas Ariel A AA Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, - - 2014
Background Postnatal assessment of disease severity is critical for analysis of mortality rates and development of future interventions in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Objective The objective of this study was to stratify the risk of mortality based on arterial Paco 2. Methods Retrospective analysis of infants (n = 133) with CDH admitted to a regional ...
König K K 1] Department of Paediatrics, Mercy Hospital for Women, Melbourne, VIC, Australia [2] Neonatal and Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Children's Hospital Lucerne, Lucerne, - - 2014
Objective:Preterm infants are at risk of circulatory compromise following birth. Functional neonatal echocardiography including superior vena cava (SVC) flow is increasingly used in neonatal medicine, and low SVC flow has been associated with adverse outcome. However, echocardiography is not readily available in many neonatal units and B-type natriuretic peptides (BNPs) ...
Chinta Shriniwas S Grace Centre for Newborn Care, The Children's Hospital at Westmead, , Sydney, - - 2014
Standardised developmental tests are now widely used in neurodevelopmental assessments of infants and children. In 2006, the revised and updated version of the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development (version III) replaced the previous version and is now widely used in neonatal developmental follow-up clinics. Several papers from Australia ...
Batton B B 1] Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA [2] Department of Pediatrics, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, IL, - - 2014
Objective:To examine changes in arterial blood pressure (ABP) after birth in extremely preterm infants.Study Design:Prospective observational study of infants 23(0/7) to 26(6/7) weeks gestational age (GA). Antihypotensive therapy use and ABP measurements were recorded for the first 24 h.Result:A cohort of 367 infants had 18 709 ABP measurements recorded. ABP decreased for ...
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