Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 1559
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Duman Nuray N Neonatologist, Dokuz Eylul University, Faculty of Medicine Department of Pediatrics, Izmir/TURKEY, - - 2014
Abstract Aim Current evidence suggests that nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) as a primary treatment for RDS reduces the duration of invasive mechanical ventilation (MV) comparing with nasal continuous airway pressure (NCPAP). We aimed to evaluate whether very early surfactant treatment decreases the need for MV when used in ...
Dai Ying Y 1 Department of Pediatrics, Huaihe Hospital, Henan University , Kaifeng, Henan, People's Republic of China - - 2014
Objective: This study aims to determine the correlation of erythrocyte complement receptor 1 (ECR1) A3650G (His1208Arg, rs2274567) polymorphism with the pathogenesis and development of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (NRDS). Materials and Methods: This case-control study was conducted at the Huaihe Hospital of Henan University. Sixty-six infants who met the diagnostic ...
Massaro An N AN Division of Neonatology, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA; Department of Pediatrics, The George Washington University School of Medicine, Washington, DC, - - 2014
To determine whether corpus callosum (CC) and corticospinal tract (CST) diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) measures relate to developmental outcome in encephalopathic newborn infants after therapeutic hypothermia. Encephalopathic newborn infants enrolled in a longitudinal study underwent DTI after hypothermia. Parametric maps were generated for fractional anisotropy, mean, radial, and axial diffusivity. ...
Kawamata Ryou R Department of Pediatrics, Jichi Medical University School of Medicine, Shimotsuke, Tochigi, - - 2014
The pathogenesis of abdominal symptoms in premature infants with hypothyroxinemia is not understood; therefore, we investigated changes in gut hormones before and after levothyroxine sodium (T4-Na) supplementation in preterm infants with abdominal symptoms and hypothyroxinemia. In eight preterm study subjects and 14 gestational age-matched controls, fasting serum concentrations of leptin, ...
Susiloretni Kun Aristiati KA Department of Nutrition, Semarang Health Polytechnic MoH RI, Jl. Wolter Monginsidi 115, Semarang, 52192, Indonesia, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to identify determinants of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) at the individual, family, community, and organizational level. This study was a secondary analysis of data from a multilevel promotion of EBF program in two rural public health centers (PHCs) in the Demak district, Central Java, Indonesia. The ...
Sunbul Fatemah S FS Georgia State University, Division of Respiratory Therapy, Atlanta, - - 2014
Aerosol drug delivery via high flow nasal cannula (HFNC), bubble continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), and synchronized inspiratory positive airway pressure (SiPAP) has not been quantified in spontaneously breathing premature infants. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to compare aerosol delivery via HFNC, bubble CPAP, and SiPAP in a ...
Savino F F Città della Salute e della Scienza di Torino, Regina Margherita Children Hospital, Dipartimento di Scienze della Sanità Pubblica e Pediatriche, University of Turin, Piazza Polonia 94, 10126 Turin, - - 2014
Infants were recruited in four centres in North-West Italy. 138 infants were assessed for eligibility, 113 ones underwent randomisation and 105 completed the study. Newborns aged less than 10 days of life, with gestational age between 37 and 42 weeks, birth weight from 2,500 to 4,300 g and normal physical ...
Kuleva M M Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hôpital Necker-Enfants Malades, Paris, - - 2014
To study the course and outcome of fetuses with congenital atrioventricular block (AVB) in a single centre. Retrospective analysis of cases diagnosed prenatally with 2nd and 3rd degree AVB. The clinical characteristics and outcome of fetal AVB were evaluated including in utero treatment. 62 cases were studied. AVB was associated ...
Miltaha Hamzah R HR Division of Neonatal Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, - - 2014
Objective Investigate the influence of perinatal factors on short- and long-term outcomes for infants born at 23 weeks of gestation. Study Design This is a retrospective study over a 25-year period (1987-2011) of 87 successfully resuscitated infants at 23 weeks of gestation. We investigated the effects of poor prenatal care, race, gender, ...
O'Connor Richard J RJ Department of Psychology, University of Cambridge, - - 2014
Infants' understanding of how their actions affect the visibility of hidden objects may be a crucial aspect of the development of search behaviour. To investigate this possibility, 7-month-old infants took part in a two-day training study. At the start of the first session, and at the end of the second, ...
Bialkowski Anja A Department of Neonatology, University Children's Hospital of Tübingen, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, - - 2014
Congenital chylothorax (CCT) is a rare disease of unknown aetiology. Treatment approaches vary; none has been evaluated prospectively. To prospectively determine incidence, treatment and outcome of infants with CCT born in Germany in 2012. CCT was defined as non-traumatic chylous pleural effusion within 28 days after birth. As part of the ...
Davis A S AS Division of Neonatal and Developmental Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine and Lucile Packard Children's Hospital, Palo Alto, CA, - - 2014
Objective:Amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG) monitoring is increasing in the neonatal population, but the safety and feasibility of performing aEEG in extremely preterm infants have not been systematically evaluated.Study Design:Inborn infants 23(0/7) to 28(6/7) weeks gestation or birth weight 401 to 1000 g were eligible. Serial, 6-h aEEG recordings were obtained from first ...
Tan Qihua - - 2014
A low birth weight has been extensively related to poor adult health outcomes. Birth weight can be seen as a proxy for environmental conditions during prenatal development. Identical twin pairs discordant for birth weight provide an extraordinary model for investigating the association between birth weight and adult life health while ...
Fuamenya Ndemazeh Arnold NA Department of Orthodontics, Center for Pre-Speech Development and Developmental Disorders, University of Würzburg, Würzburg, - - 2014
To evaluate the developmental occurrence of subharmonic (SH) and noise (N) phenomena and to quantify their extent in the spontaneous cries of healthy infants across the first 3 months. Populational prospective study. Spontaneous elicited cries from 20 infants (10 male) were repeatedly recorded across the first 3 months of life. Frequency spectra ...
Aranda Carolina Sanchez CS Division of Allergy, Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology, Department of Pediatrics, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, - - 2014
Although controversial, low birth weight is pointed out by several studies as a risk factor for wheezing and asthma in children (1). This group of children is very heterogeneous, being composed largely of newborns with intrauterine malnutrition and premature infants. Advances in perinatal care have significantly increased survival of these ...
Mirza Fadi G - - 2014
Abstract Aims: Fetuses with gastroschisis are at increased risk of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). However, there is a tendency for underestimation of fetal abdominal circumference and hence fetal weight, leading to overdiagnosis of IUGR. Our objective was to evaluate the accuracy of ultrasound for the prediction of being small for ...
Hautopp Lena L Æblevangen 68, 2765 Smørum, Denmark. - - 2014
The incidence of torticollis, which is often accompanied by some degree of plagiocephaly in infants, has remained increased since the introduction of the supine sleeping position to prevent sudden infant death. Recently, instruments allowing quantitative measurement of torticollis and related pathology have been developed and validated. The aim of the ...
Dupont Christophe C Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition Department, Necker Children's Hospital, 149, rue de Sèvres, 75015, Paris, France, - - 2014
Amino-acid-based formulas (AAFs) are recommended for children with cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) failing to respond to extensively hydrolyzed formulas (eHFs). This study aimed to assess the tolerance/hypoallergenicity and efficacy of a thickened AAF (TAAF) in these infants. This multicenter, double-blind, randomized controlled trial (NCT01940068) compared 3-month feeding with a ...
Salomonsson Majlis Winberg MW Karolinska - - 2014
A randomized controlled trial (RCT) compared two groups of mother-infant dyads in a Stockholm sample. One had received mother-infant psychoanalytic treatment (MIP group) and the other Child Health Center care (CHCC group). Effects were found on mother-reported depression and expert-rated mother-infant relationship qualities and maternal sensitivity. When the children were ...
Horwitz Sarah Mccue SM New York University School of - - 2014
To determine if an intervention to reduce maternal distress and address maternal perceptions of infants' vulnerability also reduces perceptions of vulnerability, 105 mothers of premature infants (25- to 34-weeks' gestational age; >600 g) with depression, anxiety, or trauma were randomized to a six- or nine-session intervention or a comparison condition. ...
Cassibba Rosalinda R University of - - 2014
This study aims to explore whether a short-term and attachment-based video-feedback intervention, the Video-Feedback Intervention to Promote Positive Parenting With Discussions on the Representational Level (VIPP-R; F. Juffer, M.J. Bakermans-Kranenburg, & M.H. van IJzendoorn, 2008), might be effective in enhancing maternal sensitivity and in promoting infants' attachment security in an ...
Martin Joyce A - - 2014
Data from the National Vital Statistics System. There were 3.93 million births in the United States in 2013, down less than 1% from 2012 and 9% from the 2007 high. The U.S. general fertility rate was at an all-time low in 2013. Birth rates dropped to record lows in 2013 ...
Flynn Anna M AM Department Of Obstetrics And Gynaecology, Birmingham Maternity Hospital Queen Elizabeth Medical Centre, Birmingham, B15 - - 2014
A detailed analysis of the antenatal cardiotocographs (CTGs) in 57 patients with suspected fetal growth retardation is presented. Four traces were normal and 53 were 'non-reactive. 'Non-reactive' traces can be sub-divided into three categories, which, in order of severity are, 'suspect', 'flat' and 'ominous'. When compared with the 'suspect' group, ...
Thoma Marie E - - 2014
Objectives-This report compares data on births resulting from assisted reproductive technology (ART) procedures from 2011 birth certificates with data from the 2011 National ART Surveillance System (NASS) among the subset of jurisdictions that adopted the 2003 revised birth certificate as of January 1, 2011, with information on ART. Methods-Birth certificate ...
Shao Yi Y Department of Urology, Shanghai First People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, No. 100, Haining Road, Hongkou District, Shanghai, 200080, - - 2014
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of urgent percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) for acute kidney injury secondary to bilateral upper urinary stones in infants. A total of seven infants (five boys and two girls), aged from 5 to 12 months, underwent urgent PNL for calculus anuria from September 2011 to March 2013. ...
Nair M K C MK Child Development Centre, Thiruvananthapuram Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram, 695011, Kerala, India, - - 2014
To describe the experience of using developmental intervention package among low birth weight babies less than 1,800 g and developmental outcome at the end of 6 mo monthly intervention. Babies below 1,800 g, discharged from neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of Sree Avittom Thirunal (SAT) hospital, over the last 3 y, were followed at ...
Zuppa Antonio - - 2014
The objective of our study is to evaluate the correlation between epidural analgesia during labor, start of breastfeeding and type of maternal-neonatal care.Two different assistance models were considered: Partial and Full Rooming-in.In this cohort study, 2480 healthy infants were enrolled, 1519 in the Partial Rooming-in group and 1321 in the ...
Osman M M Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Mansoura University Children's Hospital, - - 2014
Objective:To assess pain and compare its severity in preterm infants during application of nasal-continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) and heated, humidified high-flow nasal cannulae (HHHFNC).Study Design:An observational cross-sectional study. Sixty preterm infants, categorized into nCPAP (n=37) and HHHFNC groups (n=23). Pain response was assessed using Premature Infant Pain Profile (PIPP), ...
Guyer Caroline C Child Development Center, Department of Pediatrics, University Children's Hospital Zürich, CH-8032 Zürich, - - 2014
Previous studies show contradictory results about the emergence of 24-h rhythms and the influence of external time cues on sleep-wake behavior in preterm compared to term infants. To examine whether very preterm infants (<32weeks of gestational age) differ in their emergence of the 24-h sleep-wake rhythm at 5, 11 and ...
Paul Saritha S Neonatology Clinical Care Unit, Princess Margaret Hospital for Children, Perth, Western Australia, - - 2014
There is evidence that outcomes of complex paediatric cardiac procedures including the arterial switch operation (ASO) for transposition of the great arteries (TGA) are improved when performed at higher volume centres. While in utero transport for surgery is considered ideal, antenatal detection rates of TGA are low. Long-distance transport of ...
Ratchada Kitsommart K Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To compare the severity of early respiratory distress in late preterm (LPT) versus term infants. Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted in a tertiary care neonatal unit in Thailand. Levels of respiratory support, duration of intubation, and short term morbidities were compared between LPT and term infants. ...
Fernandez Daniel D Faculty of Health Sciences, University of León, León, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study was an observational cross-validation of a Spanish version of the Premie-Neuro, a neurological examination for preterm infants. A cross-cultural translation was used to generate a Spanish version of the scale. The results showed an internal consistency of 0.72 according to Cronbach's alpha coefficient. The intra-class coefficient of correlation ...
Grandi Carlos C Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare mortality and morbidity in very low birth weight infants (VLBWI) born to women with and without diabetes mellitus (DM). This was a cohort study with retrospective data collection (2001-2010, n=11.991) from the NEOCOSUR network. Adjusted odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were calculated for the outcome of neonatal ...
Phaloprakarn Chadakarn C Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Navamindradhiraj University, Bangkok, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to develop and validate an antepartum risk score based on maternal and obstetric characteristics to predict the requirement for neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission among late preterm infants. A chart review was performed of 455 singleton late preterm deliveries at our institution between ...
Quang Tuan Ethinh E Department of Pediatrics, National Hue Central - - 2014
Four Vietnamese infants with Salmonella meningitis achieving survival are reported. A relapsed female infant recovered without complication and another had neurological sequellae. Remaining two survived without complications. The initial treatment was started with chloramphenicol and ceftriaxone. Change of antibiotics to imipenem and fluoroquinolone was carried out in two cases. Fluoroquinolonemay ...
Twells Laurie K LK School of Pharmacy and Faculty of Medicine, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John's, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada - - 2014
Maternal attitudes to infant feeding are predictive of intent and initiation of breastfeeding. The Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale (IIFAS) has not been validated in the Canadian population. This study was conducted in Newfoundland and Labrador, a Canadian province with low breastfeeding rates. Objectives were to assess the reliability and ...
Samiee-Zafarghandy Samira S Center for Translational Science, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC, United States; Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC, United States; Division of Neonatology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, - - 2014
Milrinone use in the neonatal intensive care unit has increased over the last 10years despite a paucity of published safety data in infants. We sought to determine the safety of milrinone therapy among infants in the neonatal intensive care unit. We conducted a retrospective data analysis, identifying all infants who ...
McGlone Laura L Southern General Hospital and the Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Dalnair Street, Yorkhill, Glasgow G3 8SJ, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study is to describe infant neurodevelopment in 81 infants of methadone-prescribed opioid-dependent mothers. Griffith MD scores at six months. Scores were lower in all domains compared to controls (p<0.001). Poly-drug exposed infants and those treated for neonatal abstinence syndrome performed significantly poorer (p=0.002 and p=0.008 respectively). ...
Schulzke Sven M SM Department of Neonatology, University of Basel Children's Hospital (UKBB), Spitalstrasse 21, Basel, Switzerland, - - 2014
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a common complication in preterm infants. BPD is associated with poor long-term respiratory and neurodevelopmental outcome and increased mortality. The prophylactic use of agents that modulate inflammation such as pentoxifylline, a synthetic methylxanthine and phosphodiesterase inhibitor, may reduce the incidence of BPD. The primary objective of ...
Li Wang W Department of Pediatrics, Daping Hospital, Research Institute of Surgery, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, - - 2014
To evaluate whether nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) would decrease the requirement for endotracheal ventilation compared with nasal continuous positive airway pressure(NCPAP) for preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) and compare the related complications between these two noninvasive variations of respiratory support METHODS: A search of major electronic ...
Messerlian Carmen C Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
To estimate the risk of preterm birth in singleton infants conceived through low-technology assisted reproduction (intrauterine insemination and/or ovulation induction/stimulation). Hospital-based cohort study. University-affiliated hospital. Singleton babies born between 2001 and 2007 to 16,712 couples with no reported infertility (reference category), 378 babies conceived with low-technology treatment; 437 conceived with ...
Akca Kamile K 1 Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Erzurum Regional Training and Research Hospital , Erzurum, Turkey - - 2014
Abstract Background: Starting and continuing breastfeeding are influenced by many factors affecting the mother and the infant. No study is found in the literature investigating how to achieve success in the first nutrient-sucking experiences by decreasing the stress experienced by newborns during the adaptation phase of the early postpartum period. ...
Ganella Eleni P EP Department of Psychiatry, Melbourne Neuropsychiatry Centre, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, - - 2014
Extremely preterm (EP, <28 weeks) and/or extremely low birth weight (ELBW, <1000 g) infants are at high risk of aberrant neurodevelopment. Sulcogyral folding patterns of the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) are determined during the third trimester, however little is known about OFC patterning in EP/ELBW cohorts, for whom this gestational period ...
Sancak Selim S Zeynep Kamil Maternity and Children's Training and Research Hospital, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit,, Istanbul, - - 2014
Abstract Objectives: Compare the efficacy of oral and intravenous paracetamol for closure of hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (HSPDA) in very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants. Methods: Eighteen VLBW infants with HSPDA treated with either intravenous (n=10) or oral (n=8) paracetamol at 60 mg/kg/day for 3 consecutive days were ...
Isemann Barbara B University of Cincinnati Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio - - 2014
Background: We tested the hypothesis that sodium supplementation in early preterm infants prevents late-onset hyponatremia and improves growth without increasing common morbidities during birth hospitalization. Materials and Methods: This was a randomized, masked controlled trial of 4 mEq/kg/d of sodium (intervention) versus sterile water (placebo) from days-of-life 7 to 35 ...
Baldwin Eric E Group Health Research Institute, Group Health Cooperative, Seattle, WA, - - 2014
To compare probabilistic and deterministic algorithms for linking mothers and infants within electronic health records (EHRs) to support pregnancy outcomes research. The study population was women enrolled in Group Health (Washington State, USA) delivering a liveborn infant from 2001 through 2008 (N = 33 093 deliveries) and infant members born in these years. ...
Gudmundsdottir Anna A Department of Women's and Children's Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, - - 2014
Background: The optimal timing of pharmacological treatment for patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in extremely preterm infants is unknown. Objective: To investigate whether timing of pharmacological PDA treatment is associated with a risk of secondary PDA surgery or death before 3 months of age, or bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in extremely preterm ...
Vally Zahir Z School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences, Winnicott Research Unit, University of Reading, Reading, - - 2014
Dialogic book-sharing is an interactive form of shared reading. It has been shown in high income countries (HICs) to be of significant benefit to child cognitive development. Evidence for such benefit in low and middle income countries (LMICs) is scarce, although a feasibility study of our own produced encouraging findings. ...
Lodha Abhay A Department of Pediatrics and Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, - - 2014
Advantages of caffeine for apnea of prematurity have prompted clinicians to use it prophylactically even before apnea. To determine the effect of early initiation of caffeine therapy on neonatal outcomes in very preterm infants born in Canada. A retrospective cohort study was conducted. Patients included preterm neonates born at less ...
Albright Cheryl L CL a School of Nursing & Dental Hygiene , University of Hawaii at Manoa , Honolulu , Hawaii , - - 2014
Approximately 70 percent of new mothers do not meet national guidelines for moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). The Nā Mikimiki ("the active ones") Project (2008-2011) was designed to increase MVPA among women with infants 2-12 months old. Participants' barriers to exercising and achievement of specific MVPA goals were discussed during telephone counseling ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >