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Results 351 - 400 of 1332
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Ficial Benjamim B Imperial College and MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, London, United Kingdom; Patologia e Terapia Intensiva Neonatale, Università degli Studi di Verona, Verona, - - 2013
The echocardiographic assessment of circulatory function in sick newborn infants has the potential to improve patient care. However, measurements are prone to error and have not been sufficiently validated. Phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides highly validated measures of blood flow and has recently been applied to the newborn population. ...
Kim Un-Jung - - 2013
The concentrations of tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) and hexabromocyclododecanes (HBCDs), and their correlations with thyroid hormones, were investigated in sera from 26 infants with congenital hypothyroidism, 12 healthy infants, and their mothers. The analyte concentrations were not significantly different in the two infant groups. Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (measured in a previous ...
Maitre N L - - 2013
Objective:Compare neurodevelopment after levetiracetam (LEV) and phenobarbital (PB) for neonatal seizures.Study design:Retrospective study of infants who received antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) for neonatal seizures. Effect of cumulative exposure to LEV and PB on outcomes of death, cerebral palsy (CP) and Bayley Scales of Infant Development (BSID) scores were evaluated at 24 ...
Brooks Jada L - - 2013
The interactive behaviors of 17 American Indian mothers and their premature infants and selected maternal and infant factors affecting those behaviors were measured using naturalistic observation and the Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment (HOME) Inventory at 3, 6, and 12 months corrected infant age. The frequency of some ...
Yolton Kimberly - - 2013
National data suggest widespread gestational exposure to organophosphate pesticides (OPs) based on the detection of OP metabolites in the urine of pregnant women. Associations with early infant neurobehavior are largely understudied, with only two studies reporting abnormal reflexes in newborns in association with gestational exposure to OPs. Our objective was ...
Li Yanhong - - 2013
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is the most common serious pulmonary morbidity in premature infants. The score for neonatal acute physiology (SNAP) is a physiologic severity index for neonatal intensive care and correlates well with neonatal mortality and clinical outcomes. The prognostic value of the SNAP score for BPD in preterm infants ...
Bacher L F - - 2013
The present study explored the development of spontaneous eye blinking (SEB) and its relationship to approach-inhibition behavior during the second half of the first year. The dopaminergic regulation of SEB in adult primates provides an empirical basis for studying blinking in infants, and dopamine's role in infant temperament provides justification ...
Yu Yen-Ting - - 2013
The Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development - 3rd Edition (Bayley-III) was updated to enhance its usefulness for contemporary child developmental assessment. However, recent data in Western countries have implicated the overestimation of child development by the new instrument. This study aimed to investigate the psychometric features of the ...
Ottinger Daniele - - 2013
Troponin T and I can be found within the myocardial filaments. Measuring these cardiac troponin levels in full-term newborns and premature infants has not become a common practice in the neonatal intensive care unit and newborn nurseries. Research studies are discovering that an elevation in troponin T and I levels ...
Zhang Zhi-Qun - - 2013
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is usually diagnosed in preterm infants at least 28 days after birth. Great interest lies in the potential to identify biomarkers that predict development of the disease and future neurodevelopmental outcomes. We have reviewed the existing literature on early biomarkers as predictors for BPD in preterm infants. Two ...
Matson Adam P - - 2013
The cell type(s) mediating the maternal influence on allergic disease in children remain unclear. We set out to define the relationship between maternal allergy and frequencies of cord blood (CB) basophils, and plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs); to characterize surface-bound IgE and FcεRI expressions on these cells; and to investigate the ...
Aydın Banu - - 2013
Introduction: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a major cause of pneumonia in infants worldwide. We aimed to evaluate the clinical course of community-acquired RSV pneumonia in newborns hospitalized in neonatal intensive care unit. Materials and Methods: All the newborns diagnosed as pneumonia were prospectively evaluated for RSV infection between November ...
Boggs Elizabeth E School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, - - 2013
Items from respiratory questionnaires validated in older children are often used in research studies of preterm infants, although they have not been validated in this population. We aimed to assess both test-retest reliability and convergent validity of a group of commonly used respiratory questionnaire items in a cohort of preterm ...
Brogna Claudia - - 2013
The quality of general movements (GMs) and its predictive value have never been evaluated in late-preterm (LP) infants. To determine the characteristics of GMs and their predictive value for neurodevelopmental outcome in a cohort of infants born between 34 and 36weeks' gestation. 574 LP infants were examined using the standard ...
Hofer Nora - - 2013
Aim of this study was to show and discuss an association between fetal inflammatory response syndrome (FIRS) and an adverse neonatal outcome defined as combined severe neonatal morbidity and mortality in preterm neonates hospitalized in our neonatal intensive care unit. Observational study including all preterm neonates hospitalized in our neonatal ...
Touwslager Robbert Nh - - 2013
Accelerated infant growth is associated with an altered, mostly adverse adult cardiometabolic risk profile. The importance of genetic and environmental factors to these associations is unclear. The objective was to examine the importance of genetic and environmental factors in the associations between infant growth and adult cardiometabolic risk factors (anthropometrics, ...
Andersen Gregers S GS Steno Diabetes Center, Gentofte, - - 2013
Data on body composition in infancy may improve the understanding of the relation between variability in fetal and infant growth and disease risk through the life course. Although new assessment techniques have recently become available, body composition is rarely described in infants from low-income settings. The aim of this study ...
Campaña Hebe - - 2013
Background Minor anomalies (mAs) are morphological features with little clinical relevance that have been mentioned as possible predictors of major defects (MDs). Objectives To identify the preferential associations between selected MDs and mAs and to establish if mAs can serve as predictors for specific MDs. Study Design Information of newborns ...
Davis Natalie Louise - - 2013
Oropharyngeal aspiration (OPA) is a common cause of morbidity in premature neonates. We sought to identify significant risk factors and determine the timing of feeding maturation in preterm infants with OPA. We performed a retrospective medical record review of 148 former preterm neonates referred for modified barium swallow study (MBSS) ...
Perrella Sharon L - - 2013
To validate four sonographic methods of estimating stomach volume for the purpose of monitoring changes in gastric volume over time, and to describe the echogenic characteristics of milk feeds. Twenty-four infants were monitored during a single intra-gastric tube feed, with two ultrasound images of the entire stomach and an image ...
Vestman Nelly Romani - - 2013
Lactobacillus species can contribute positively to general and oral health and are frequently acquired by breastfeeding in infancy. The present study aimed to identify oral lactobacilli in breast and formula-fed 4 month-old infants and to evaluate potential probiotic properties of the dominant Lactobacillus species detected. Saliva and oral swab samples ...
Odd D - - 2013
Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the stability of associations between social factors, as assessed by maternal occupation and education, and poor birth condition (an Apgar score of below seven at one and five minutes) over a 30 year period in Sweden. Methods: The dataset was ...
Hehir Mark P - - 2013
To examine rates and outcomes of operative vaginal delivery over a 20-year study period and the changing preference for various instruments during this period. This retrospective analysis of prospectively gathered data was carried out at a large tertiary referral center from 1991 to 2010. All cases of operative vaginal delivery ...
Hansen-Pupp Ingrid - - 2013
Background:To evaluate the relationships between postnatal change in circulatory insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) concentrations, brain volumes, and developmental outcome at 2 years of age in very preterm infants.Methods:IGF-I was measured weekly and nutritional intake was calculated daily from birth until a postmenstrual age (PMA) of 35 weeks. Individual beta ...
Abu-Dahab Sana M N - - 2013
ABSTRACT In this study, we report the translation process, validity, and reliability of the Arabic Infant/Toddler Sensory Profile (IT_SP). A multistep approach was implemented to ensure the accuracy and equivalency of the Arabic and original English IT_SP. Factor analysis indicated that item loadings for over 50% of the items on ...
Intusoma Utcharee - - 2013
Exposure time, program content and cultural context may affect the impact of television (TV) on the social-emotional competence (SEC) of children. This study examined the effects of TV viewing on the SEC of Thai infants. The study was based on a Thai birth cohort study from which duration and content ...
Gerrard Stephen E - - 2013
An apparatus was designed to mimic lactation from a human breast. It was used to determine the influence of milk fat content and flow rate, and suction pulse rate of a breastfeeding infant upon the release of a model compound from a nipple shield delivery system (NSDS). The NSDS would ...
Jary Sally - - 2013
Neuroprotection trials for neonatal encephalopathy use moderate or severe disability as an outcome, with the Bayley Scales of Infant Development, Second Edition (Bayley-2) Index scores of <70 as part of the criteria. The Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler, 3rd Development, Third Edition (Bayley-3) have superseded Bayley-2 and yield higher ...
Bozzetti Valentina - - 2013
To detect predictors of feeding tolerance in IUGR infants with or without brain sparing effect (BS). We conducted a case-control study in 70 IUGR infants (35 IUGR with BS, matched for gestational age with 35 IUGR infants with no BS). BS was classified as pulsatility index (PI) ratio [umbilical artery ...
Serafettin Tekgunduz Kadir - - 2013
Abstract Objectives: Hypernatremic dehydration in neonates is a condition that develops due to inadequate fluid intake and it may lead to cerebral damage. We aimed to determine whether there was an association between serum sodium levels on admission and aEEG patterns and prognosis, as well as any association between aEEG ...
Abdallah Bahia - - 2013
Premature infants lack the tactile stimulation they would have otherwise experienced in the womb. Infant massage is a developmentally supportive intervention that has been documented for several decades to have a positive effect on both full term and preterm infants. The purpose of this study was to assess the short ...
Otake Yuko - - 2013
To examine the association between antenatal depression and infant development after controlling for confounding factors. A hospital-based prospective cohort study (Hokkaido Study on Environment and Children's Health) was conducted between July 2002 and October 2005 in Sapporo, Japan. Of 309 mothers who delivered at Sapporo Toho Hospital during the study ...
Martelius Laura - - 2013
Background: Delayed postnatal removal of lung liquid may result in respiratory distress, which is more common in infants born by cesarean section. Vertical artefacts (B-lines) arising from the lung surface in lung ultrasound have been shown to correlate with the liquid content of the lungs. Objectives: We studied whether lung ...
Denihan N M - - 2013
The need for early and accurate prediction of outcome in Hypoxic-Ischaemic Encephalopathy (HIE) remains critical. We have previously demonstrated that Interleukin 16 (IL-16) is raised in the umbilical cord blood (UCB) of infants with moderate and severe HIE and has the potential to be developed as a predictive biomarker. Normal ...
Levy Philip Thaler - - 2013
Right ventricular (RV) systolic function is an important prognostic determinant of cardiopulmonary pathologies in premature infants. Measurements of dominant RV longitudinal deformation are likely to provide a sensitive measure of RV function. An approach for image acquisition and postacquisition processing is needed for reliable and reproducible measurements of myocardial deformation ...
Zarem Cori - - 2013
To establish the psychometrics of the Neonatal Oral Motor Assessment Scale (NOMAS). In this prospective cohort study of 75 preterm infants (39 females, 36 males) born at or before 30 weeks gestation (mean gestational age 26.56wks, SD 1.90, range 23-30wks; mean birthweight 967.33g, SD 288.54, range 480-2240), oral feeding was videotaped ...
Björk Lars - - 2013
Acute anoxic exposure rapidly increases prostaglandin E2 (PGE2 ) production and release in neonatal mice brains. We hypothesise that PGE2 is released in human cerebrospinal fluid(CSF) during perinatal asphyxia and that it might be used as a biomarker for perinatal asphyxia. In full-term infants with lumbar puncture performed within 72 ...
Horovitz Max - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To create age-based scoring procedures for the BISCUIT-Part 2, an assessment measure of comorbid psychopathology in infants and toddlers aged 17-37 months. Method: The standard deviation from the mean method was used to develop separate age-based cutoffs for those with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and those with ...
Welch C - - 2013
Objective:Infants born at extremely low gestational ages are at high risk for developmental impairments. Early predictors of these impairments are useful for both clinicians and researchers. Our objective was to assess the correlation between the rate of brain wave maturation as measured by serial amplitude-integrated electroencephalograms (aEEGs) and scores on ...
Khanna Mansi - - 2013
Up to a third of ex-preterm infants flying near term exhibit pulse oxygen saturation (SpO2) of less than 85% during air travel. A hypoxia challenge test (HCT) is recommended to evaluate the requirement for in-flight supplemental O2. The validity of the HCT in healthy, term infants has not been reported. ...
Lapillonne Alexandre - - 2013
Bronchiolitis is a distressing respiratory condition and the most common cause of hospitalization during the first year of life. The hospitalization of an infant is a stressful event for parents and deserves careful consideration. The objective of this work was to develop and validate a self-administered instrument that comprehensively assesses ...
Tsao Lon-Yen - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of a novel commercial glucose-oxidase (GO)-based glucometer in measuring glucose concentrations in arterial blood samples collected from premature infants. A commercial glucometer, which is a plasma separation GO-based glucometer, was employed to compare the accuracy of the commercial blood glucometer ...
Jain Viral G - - 2013
Are the anogenital distance (AGD) and stretched penile length (SPL) shorter in human newborn males with cryptorchidism? AGD is significantly shorter in boys with undescended testis (UDT) and this correlation may indicate that both have a common antecedent early in gestation. Animal studies have reported a critical time period during ...
Luthra Gauri - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To compare the uterine incision-to-delivery interval and neonatal and maternal complications in vertical versus transverse uterine incisions in preterm cesarean births. Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study of singleton cesarean deliveries from 2002 to 2009 between 23 and 34 weeks of gestation. Statistical analysis utilized Wilcoxon rank-sum ...
Joosen Katharina J - - 2013
Physiological reactivity to repeated infant crying was examined as a predictor of risk for harsh discipline use with 12-month-olds in a longitudinal study with 48 low-income mother-infant dyads. Physiological reactivity was measured while mothers listened to three blocks of infant cry sounds in a standard cry paradigm when their infants ...
Mason Lisa Reyes - - 2013
To compare infant race/ethnicity based on birth certificates with parent report of infant race/ethnicity in a survey. The 2007 Oklahoma birth certificates and SEED for Oklahoma Kids baseline survey. Using sensitivity scores and positive predictive values, we examined consistency of infant race/ethnicity across two data sources (N = 2,663). We compared conventional ...
Mesman Judi - - 2013
In the present study we examined key issues regarding infant behavior in the still-face paradigm (SFP) in terms of individual variations, stability, and predictors. The sample consisted of 115 mothers and infants, with assessments at ages 3 and 6 months, including observations of maternal and infant behavior in the SFP, ...
Hekman Kimberly A - - 2013
Neonatal withdrawal syndrome, which is associated most frequently with opioid use in pregnancy, is an emerging public health concern, with recent studies documenting an increase in the rate of U.S. infants diagnosed. This study examined neonatal withdrawal syndrome diagnosis among Michigan infants from 2000 to 2009 and hospital length of ...
Yin Huaying - - 2013
Abstract Background: Reliable measurements of infants obtained from routine clinical practice are scarce. Aim: To investigate the reliability of anthropometric measurements collected in routine clinical practice at primary care hospitals in Chongqing, PR China. Subjects and methods: The convenience sample comprised measurements from 739 infants aged <36 months. Using typical ...
Muthu M S - - 2013
Oral examination of an infant forms an important first step toward a lifetime of excellent oral health. Examining an infant during the first visit and the subsequent preventive examination visits may be challenging to dentists and pediatric dentists. There are few concerns regarding the effective oral examination using the traditional ...
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