Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1304
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Jary Sally - - 2013
Neuroprotection trials for neonatal encephalopathy use moderate or severe disability as an outcome, with the Bayley Scales of Infant Development, Second Edition (Bayley-2) Index scores of <70 as part of the criteria. The Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler, 3rd Development, Third Edition (Bayley-3) have superseded Bayley-2 and yield higher ...
Bozzetti Valentina - - 2013
To detect predictors of feeding tolerance in IUGR infants with or without brain sparing effect (BS). We conducted a case-control study in 70 IUGR infants (35 IUGR with BS, matched for gestational age with 35 IUGR infants with no BS). BS was classified as pulsatility index (PI) ratio [umbilical artery ...
Serafettin Tekgunduz Kadir - - 2013
Abstract Objectives: Hypernatremic dehydration in neonates is a condition that develops due to inadequate fluid intake and it may lead to cerebral damage. We aimed to determine whether there was an association between serum sodium levels on admission and aEEG patterns and prognosis, as well as any association between aEEG ...
Abdallah Bahia - - 2013
Premature infants lack the tactile stimulation they would have otherwise experienced in the womb. Infant massage is a developmentally supportive intervention that has been documented for several decades to have a positive effect on both full term and preterm infants. The purpose of this study was to assess the short ...
Otake Yuko - - 2013
To examine the association between antenatal depression and infant development after controlling for confounding factors. A hospital-based prospective cohort study (Hokkaido Study on Environment and Children's Health) was conducted between July 2002 and October 2005 in Sapporo, Japan. Of 309 mothers who delivered at Sapporo Toho Hospital during the study ...
Martelius Laura - - 2013
Background: Delayed postnatal removal of lung liquid may result in respiratory distress, which is more common in infants born by cesarean section. Vertical artefacts (B-lines) arising from the lung surface in lung ultrasound have been shown to correlate with the liquid content of the lungs. Objectives: We studied whether lung ...
Denihan N M - - 2013
The need for early and accurate prediction of outcome in Hypoxic-Ischaemic Encephalopathy (HIE) remains critical. We have previously demonstrated that Interleukin 16 (IL-16) is raised in the umbilical cord blood (UCB) of infants with moderate and severe HIE and has the potential to be developed as a predictive biomarker. Normal ...
Levy Philip Thaler - - 2013
Right ventricular (RV) systolic function is an important prognostic determinant of cardiopulmonary pathologies in premature infants. Measurements of dominant RV longitudinal deformation are likely to provide a sensitive measure of RV function. An approach for image acquisition and postacquisition processing is needed for reliable and reproducible measurements of myocardial deformation ...
Zarem Cori - - 2013
To establish the psychometrics of the Neonatal Oral Motor Assessment Scale (NOMAS). In this prospective cohort study of 75 preterm infants (39 females, 36 males) born at or before 30 weeks gestation (mean gestational age 26.56wks, SD 1.90, range 23-30wks; mean birthweight 967.33g, SD 288.54, range 480-2240), oral feeding was videotaped ...
Björk Lars - - 2013
Acute anoxic exposure rapidly increases prostaglandin E2 (PGE2 ) production and release in neonatal mice brains. We hypothesise that PGE2 is released in human cerebrospinal fluid(CSF) during perinatal asphyxia and that it might be used as a biomarker for perinatal asphyxia. In full-term infants with lumbar puncture performed within 72 ...
Horovitz Max - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To create age-based scoring procedures for the BISCUIT-Part 2, an assessment measure of comorbid psychopathology in infants and toddlers aged 17-37 months. Method: The standard deviation from the mean method was used to develop separate age-based cutoffs for those with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and those with ...
Welch C - - 2013
Objective:Infants born at extremely low gestational ages are at high risk for developmental impairments. Early predictors of these impairments are useful for both clinicians and researchers. Our objective was to assess the correlation between the rate of brain wave maturation as measured by serial amplitude-integrated electroencephalograms (aEEGs) and scores on ...
Khanna Mansi - - 2013
Up to a third of ex-preterm infants flying near term exhibit pulse oxygen saturation (SpO2) of less than 85% during air travel. A hypoxia challenge test (HCT) is recommended to evaluate the requirement for in-flight supplemental O2. The validity of the HCT in healthy, term infants has not been reported. ...
Lapillonne Alexandre - - 2013
Bronchiolitis is a distressing respiratory condition and the most common cause of hospitalization during the first year of life. The hospitalization of an infant is a stressful event for parents and deserves careful consideration. The objective of this work was to develop and validate a self-administered instrument that comprehensively assesses ...
Tsao Lon-Yen - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of a novel commercial glucose-oxidase (GO)-based glucometer in measuring glucose concentrations in arterial blood samples collected from premature infants. A commercial glucometer, which is a plasma separation GO-based glucometer, was employed to compare the accuracy of the commercial blood glucometer ...
Jain Viral G - - 2013
Are the anogenital distance (AGD) and stretched penile length (SPL) shorter in human newborn males with cryptorchidism? AGD is significantly shorter in boys with undescended testis (UDT) and this correlation may indicate that both have a common antecedent early in gestation. Animal studies have reported a critical time period during ...
Luthra Gauri - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To compare the uterine incision-to-delivery interval and neonatal and maternal complications in vertical versus transverse uterine incisions in preterm cesarean births. Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study of singleton cesarean deliveries from 2002 to 2009 between 23 and 34 weeks of gestation. Statistical analysis utilized Wilcoxon rank-sum ...
Joosen Katharina J - - 2013
Physiological reactivity to repeated infant crying was examined as a predictor of risk for harsh discipline use with 12-month-olds in a longitudinal study with 48 low-income mother-infant dyads. Physiological reactivity was measured while mothers listened to three blocks of infant cry sounds in a standard cry paradigm when their infants ...
Mason Lisa Reyes - - 2013
To compare infant race/ethnicity based on birth certificates with parent report of infant race/ethnicity in a survey. The 2007 Oklahoma birth certificates and SEED for Oklahoma Kids baseline survey. Using sensitivity scores and positive predictive values, we examined consistency of infant race/ethnicity across two data sources (N = 2,663). We compared conventional ...
Mesman Judi - - 2013
In the present study we examined key issues regarding infant behavior in the still-face paradigm (SFP) in terms of individual variations, stability, and predictors. The sample consisted of 115 mothers and infants, with assessments at ages 3 and 6 months, including observations of maternal and infant behavior in the SFP, ...
Hekman Kimberly A - - 2013
Neonatal withdrawal syndrome, which is associated most frequently with opioid use in pregnancy, is an emerging public health concern, with recent studies documenting an increase in the rate of U.S. infants diagnosed. This study examined neonatal withdrawal syndrome diagnosis among Michigan infants from 2000 to 2009 and hospital length of ...
Yin Huaying - - 2013
Abstract Background: Reliable measurements of infants obtained from routine clinical practice are scarce. Aim: To investigate the reliability of anthropometric measurements collected in routine clinical practice at primary care hospitals in Chongqing, PR China. Subjects and methods: The convenience sample comprised measurements from 739 infants aged <36 months. Using typical ...
Muthu M S - - 2013
Oral examination of an infant forms an important first step toward a lifetime of excellent oral health. Examining an infant during the first visit and the subsequent preventive examination visits may be challenging to dentists and pediatric dentists. There are few concerns regarding the effective oral examination using the traditional ...
Moher Mariko - - 2013
Remembering persisting objects over occlusion is critical to representing a stable environment. Infants remember hidden objects at multiple locations and can update their representation of a hidden array when an object is added or subtracted. However, the factors influencing these updating abilities have received little systematic exploration. Here we examined ...
Cohen Gregory - - 2013
To address the difficult and necessity of early detection of sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome in infants, we present a study into the effectiveness of pulse oximetry as a minimally invasive means of automated diagnosis of sleep apnea in infants. Overnight polysomnogram data from 328 infants were used to extract time-domain ...
Das N - - 2013
There are many wrong practices and perceptions of Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) prevalent among different socio-demographic groups. To observe IYCF perceptions and practices among mothers in a rural area of West Bengal. Clinic-based cross-sectional descriptive study by interviewing mothers of 0-23 month old children. Appropriate response to each ...
Jirapinyo Pipop - - 2013
To study the association between analfissures and cow's milk allergy (CMA) in infants. METHODS AND METHOD: In a prospective study, 72 confirmed cases of CMA in infants were examined for anal fissure by pediatricians with five years' experience. A positive finding was defined as when an anal fissure was detected ...
Habib Sadia - - 2013
Elective caesarean section has replaced vaginal delivery for term breech foetuses due to fear of complications of vaginal breech delivery. This increasing rate of caesarean section worldwide is alarming. It has not only led to increase in adverse consequences in subsequent pregnancies and future fertility but also loss of skills ...
Naoko Ota - - 2013
Skin barrier function changes rapidly during the first year of life in infants. Measuring skin barrier function in infants is difficult because of the burden on patients and their parents or guardians. A simple method for assessing barrier function in infants that can be performed quickly and would enable swift ...
Dawson Ja - - 2013
To compare heart rate (HR) measurements from Masimo and Nellcor pulse oximeters (POs) against HR measured via a three lead electrocardiograph (ECG) (HRECG ). We also compared peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO2 ) measurements between Nellcor and Masimo oximeters. Term infants born via elective caesarean section were studied. ECG leads were ...
Benito Javier J Pediatric Emergency Department, Department of Pediatrics, Cruces University Hospital, Plaza de Cruces s/n, E-48903 Barakaldo, Bilbao, Bizkaia, Basque Country, Spain, - - 2013
The study was performed to assess the usefulness of two new biomarkers, midregional pro-adrenomedullin (MR-pro-ADM) and C-pro-endothelin-1 (CT-pro-ET-1), in predicting bacterial infection (BI) and especially invasive bacterial infection (IBI) in well-appearing infants with fever without source (FWS). For this purpose, a multicenter prospective study was conducted between February 2008 and ...
Wolke Dieter - - 2013
To investigate whether there are differences in attachment security and disorganisation between very preterm or very low birthweight (VP/VLBW) (<32 weeks gestation or <1500 g birthweight) and full-term infants (37-42 weeks gestation) and whether the pathways to disorganised attachment differ between VP/VLBW and full-term infants. The sample with complete longitudinal ...
Christl Bettina - - 2013
This study aims to investigate the (1) pattern of psychosocial risk factors among mothers of unsettled infants, (2) the relationship between these risk factors and current mental health status and (3) acceptability of psychosocial risk assessment in the parentcraft setting. Women with unsettled infants aged up to 12 months were assessed ...
Choi Arum - - 2013
Commercially available milk analysers were originally developed for use in the dairy industry, but they are now used to analyse macronutrient content of breast milk in clinical studies and routine care of the premature or very low birthweight (VLBW) infants. Due to the different composition of cow and breast milk, ...
Neubauer Vera - - 2013
AIM: To examine the association between neurodevelopmental outcome and head circumference (HC) in a cohort of very preterm infants and in this context to investigate the relevance of suboptimal head size. METHODS: Somatometric data were obtained at birth, discharge and 3, 12 and 24 months for all infants born in ...
Stern Georgette G Pediatric Respiratory Medicine, Inselspital, University of Bern, Bern, - - 2013
There is increasing evidence that short-term exposure to air pollution has a detrimental effect on respiratory health, but data from healthy populations, particularly infants, are scarce. To assess the association of air pollution with frequency and severity of respiratory symptoms and infections measured weekly in healthy infants. In a prospective ...
Skjerven Håvard Ove HO Department of Pediatrics, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, - - 2013
Acute bronchiolitis in infants frequently results in hospitalization, but there is no established consensus on inhalation therapy--either the type of medication or the frequency of administration--that may be of value. We aimed to assess the effectiveness of inhaled racemic adrenaline as compared with inhaled saline and the strategy for frequency ...
Hutchison Amanda K - - 2013
Objective: When behavioral problems resulting from attentional difficulties present, often in preschool, it is unknown whether these problems represent preexisting altered brain development or new brain changes. This study examines whether infant sensory gating of auditory evoked potentials predicts parent-reported behavior at 40 months. Method: P50 sensory gating, an auditory ...
Markant Julie - - 2013
Early selective attention skills are a crucial building block for cognitive development, as attention orienting serves as a primary means by which infants interact with and learn from the environment. Although several studies have examined infants' attention orienting using the spatial cueing task, relatively few studies have examined neurodevelopmental factors ...
Samra Haifa A - - 2013
: Risk of adverse outcome in late-preterm infants (born between 34 and 36 weeks and 6 days' gestation) is heightened for those living in geographic isolation (GI). We examined the relationships between GI and several mother and infant outcomes. : This was a tricenter cross-sectional study of 38 English-speaking late-preterm ...
Edmonds Liza - - 2013
To investigate the survival of non-syndromic live born infants diagnosed in Northern Queensland with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Case note audit was completed of all live born newborns with a diagnosis of CDH admitted between February 1987 and December 2010. Demographic and clinical data were extracted. Overall survival to time ...
Park Hye Won - - 2013
The aims of this study were to investigate whether early arterial blood gas analysis (ABGA) could define the severity of disease in infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). We conducted a retrospective study over a 21-yr period of infants diagnosed with CDH. Outcomes were defined as death before discharge, and ...
Hemmati Fariba - - 2013
The gold standard to assess jaundice in neonates is the serum bilirubin measurement. Blood sampling for the determination of total serum bilirubin (TSB) is painful for newborns and stressful for parents. The Bilicheck®, a new transcutaneous bilirubinometer, is considered as a more accurate measurement of bilirubin compared to the previous ...
Lemmers Petra Ma - - 2013
Background:Hypothermia is an established therapy in term neonates to reduce death and disability after perinatal asphyxia. Near infrared spectroscopy-monitored cerebral oxygen saturation (rScO2) and amplitude-integrated EEG (aEEG) have been shown to be early predictors of long-term neurodevelopmental outcome. Aim of this study was to investigate prognostic value of rScO2 and ...
Nakayama Hiroko - - 2013
This study examined the affect of infants just before the onset of crying and just after crying stopped. Two infants (between 7 and 14 months old) were observed longitudinally. In total, 102 crying episodes were analyzed. The infants displayed negative affect almost always just before starting to cry and soon ...
Rosenfeld Margaret - - 2013
The optimal strategy for monitoring cystic fibrosis (CF) lung disease in infancy remains unclear. Objective: To describe longitudinal associations between infant pulmonary function tests (iPFTs), chest radiograph (CXR) scores and other characteristics. Methods: CF patients ≤24 months old were enrolled in a 10-center study evaluating iPFTs 4 times over a ...
Horn Alan R - - 2013
AIM: There is a need to identify infants with hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy who have a poor outcome despite therapeutic hypothermia. A severely abnormal amplitude-integrated electroencephalogram at 48 hours predicts death or disability. Our aim was to determine if clinical assessment at age 3-5 hours predicts severely abnormal amplitude-integrated electroencephalogram at ...
Mastrangelo Massimo - - 2013
PURPOSE: To evaluate amplitude-integrated EEG (aEEG) in comparison with conventional (cEEG) for the identification of electrographic seizures in neonates with acute neonatal encephalopathies. METHODS: Thirty-one conventional cEEG/aEEG long-term recordings from twenty-eight newborns were reviewed in order to assess the electrographic seizure detection rate and recurrence in newborns. Two paediatric neurologists ...
Kaczmarek Jennifer - - 2013
Background: Mechanical ventilation (MV) is associated with changes in autonomic nervous system activity in preterm infants, which can be assessed by measurements of heart rate variability (HRV). Decreased HRV has been described in adults undergoing disconnection from MV; such information is not available in preterm infants. Objective: To compare differences ...
Müller Jörg M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The Parent-Infant Relationship Global Assessment Scale (PIR-GAS) signifies a conceptually relevant development in the multi-axial, developmentally sensitive classification system DC:0-3R for preschool children. However, information about the reliability and validity of the PIR-GAS is rare. A review of the available empirical studies suggests that in research, PIR-GAS ratings can ...
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