Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1196
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Ehsan Zarmina - - 2013
Pulmonary interstitial glycogenosis (PIG) is an idiopathic interstitial lung disease of infants. The underlying pulmonary pathophysiology of PIG has not been well characterized. Herein we report a term-gestatation infant who presented with persistent tachypnea and hypoxia. A chest CT scan demonstrated a diffuse ground glass appearance and lung biopsy demonstrated ...
Bas-Lando Maayan - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Varix of the fetal intra-abdominal umbilical vein (VFIUV) has been reported to be associated with an increased risk of adverse perinatal outcome and especially with intra-uterine fetal demise (IUFD). Induction of preterm birth, as early as 32-34 weeks gestation has been suggested to minimize this risk. We aimed to evaluate ...
Kubicki Rouven - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: As an inflammatory reaction after cardiac surgery involving cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), capillary leak syndrome (CLS) is associated with increased morbidity, especially in newborns and infants. We investigated whether different cytokines measured via microdialysis can monitor local inflammation in adipose tissue subcutaneously and predict the development of CLS early, before ...
Hanley Gillian E - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Prenatal exposure to serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SRI) antidepressants has been associated with delays in early developmental milestones, but there remains uncertainty. Even among a subset of studies examining the Bayley Scales of Infant Development (BSID), some have reported normal mental and psychomotor development while others have suggested a delay ...
Romeo Domenico M - - 2013
BACKGROUNDS: Healthy late-preterm (LP) infants examined at term equivalent age showed wider median and range of neurological scores than full-term infants; differences between infants born at 34 and those born at 35-36weeks were also observed. AIMS: The aim of this study is to establish the range and frequency distribution of ...
Kosarat Shanika - - 2013
1) To evaluate the accuracy of transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) compared with serum bilirubin (TsB) in full-term infants, 2) To compare the accuracy of TcB reading from two, three, and four measurements and, 3) To compare the accuracy of TcB measured at the forehead and sternum. Full-term infants who were diagnosed ...
Gosalbes M J - - 2013
Culture-dependent methods have shown that meconium, the newborn's first intestinal discharge, is not sterile, but the diversity of bacteria present in this material needs to be further characterized by means of more sensitive molecular techniques. Our aims were to characterize molecularly the meconium microbiota in term infants, to assess whether ...
Bat-Erdene Uilst - - 2013
Maternal report of events that occur during labour and delivery are used extensively in epidemiological research; however, the validity of these data are rarely confirmed. This study aimed to validate maternal self-report of events that occurred in labour and delivery with data found in electronic health records in a Canadian ...
Sehgal Arvind - - 2013
Various echocardiographic parameters are determined in the assessment and evaluation of a patent ductus arteriosus. In isolation, many of these parameters have a low sensitivity and specificity for ductal hemodynamic significance compared with ductal size. This study aimed to correlate various echocardiographic parameters with ductal size (transductal diameter) in infants ...
Deakin-Bell Nicole - - 2013
AIM: Whilst there have been comparisons of the Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ) with other gold standard developmental assessments, research concerning the free-text comments section of the questionnaire has been limited. The objective of this paper is to assess whether parental concerns expressed in the free-text comments section of the ...
Masumo Ray - - 2013
Abstract Objective. To assess the reproducibility of caregivers' responses to dietary recall from birth and 24-h dietary recall with respect to infants' intake of sugared snacks and to assess whether those assessment methods provide comparable results for groups of infants. Re-test reliability and clinical covariates of time to first exposure ...
Ng Sze M SM Department of Women's and Children's Health, Institute of Translational Medicine, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK. - - 2013
The major advantage of salivary cortisol sampling is that it is considerably less invasive than taking a blood sample. However, previous methods of obtaining saliva in premature infants have been poorly tolerated and inaccurate. We describe a simple, non-distressing technique for obtaining saliva samples to assess extremely premature infants' salivary ...
Pan Hsin-Yen - - 2013
Cellular neurothekeoma is an uncommon benign skin neoplasm and also a variant of neurothekeoma. Cellular neurothekeomas usually occur in the skin of the upper trunk, head, or neck of children and young adults; however, they rarely occur in infants or involve the lip. A 6-month-old male infant was incidentally found ...
Kumagai Takeshi - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To assess the relationship between superior vena cava (SVC) flow and short-term outcome in infants with perinatal asphyxia. METHODS: Infants in sequence born after more than 35weeks of gestation who had been hospitalized at the NICU and normal neonatal wards of Wakayama Medical University between May 2005 and September ...
Burns S A - - 2013
Objective:To assess the long-term cognitive, behavioral and academic status of preterm children exposed to clinical chorioamnionitis.Study Design:In total, 985 infants (<37 weeks and 2500 g at birth) were recruited in a multisite interventional research program. Of these, 43 case-infants were identified based on documented diagnosis of maternal clinical chorioamnionitis. Infants with ...
Schlapbach Luregn J - - 2013
PURPOSE: Early-onset sepsis (EOS) is one of the main causes for the admission of newborns to the neonatal intensive care unit. However, traditional infection markers are poor diagnostic markers of EOS. Pancreatic stone protein (PSP) is a promising sepsis marker in adults. The aim of this study was to investigate ...
Postiaux Guy - - 2013
Acute viral bronchiolitis (AVB) is the most common disorder and the leading cause of respiratory failure in infants (<24 months of age). Respiratory syncytial virus is the most common pathogen (85%), but other organisms produce a similar clinical picture.(1) The disease can be graded as severe, moderate or mild and, ...
Malloy M H - - 2013
Objective:In 1987, the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) rate in the United States was 1.2 per 1000 live births. By the year 2005, the SIDS rate had dropped more than half to approximately 0.5 per 1000 live births. In 1987, the risk of SIDS was 2.32 times greater for extremely ...
Michiue Tomomi - - 2013
Flotation tests on the lungs and gastrointestinal tract to investigate aeration are classic procedures to examine the life of a newborn after birth; however, there are arguments about the reliability. The present study investigated serial forensic autopsy cases of newborn infants without marked decomposition (n=4) with regard to air/gas distribution ...
Barr L V - - 2013
Twins are often considered to be at an increased risk of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH); we therefore investigated whether multiple births have a higher incidence of DDH, and if selective ultrasound scanning should be considered for these infants.We reviewed our records of all live births between 1 January ...
Ifflaender Sascha - - 2013
The quality of neonatal care is mainly determined by long-term neurodevelopmental outcome. The neurodevelopment of preterm infants is related to postnatal head growth and depends on medical interventions such as nutritional support. Head circumference (HC) is currently used as a two-dimensional measure of head growth. Since head deformities are frequently ...
Jensen Anne-Mette Bæk - - 2013
Intensive care of infants below one year of age has been centralized in a paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) related to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) at Rigshospitalet, the University Hospital in Copenhagen in eastern Denmark (approximately 2.5 million inhabitants) since 2002. The aim of this paper was to ...
Ranawaka Ravibindu - - 2013
We report an infant with antenatally detected bilateral hydroureteronephrosis and a penile cyst who was eventually diagnosed with an anterior urethral diverticulum (AUD), subcoronal hypospadias, and posterior urethral valves (PUV) after birth. To our knowledge, there are no reports where all three anomalies have been found to coexist. As per ...
Blanken Maarten O - - 2013
This study aimed to update and validate a prediction rule for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) hospitalization in preterm infants 33-35 weeks gestational age (WGA). The RISK study consisted of 2 multicenter prospective birth cohorts in 41 hospitals. Risk factors were assessed at birth among healthy preterm infants 33-35 WGA. All ...
Lutomski J - - 2013
Nationally representative in-hospital mortality rates among preterm infants are essentially unknown in Ireland. We examined preterm infants born in hospital and admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) between 2005 and 2008. Unadjusted incidence rates and risk ratios were derived. Overall, 6,599 preterm infants were admitted to ICU of whom 256 ...
Inoue Madoka - - 2013
This study describes Japanese mothers' knowledge and attitudes towards breastfeeding using the Iowa Infant Feeding Attitudes Scale (IIFAS). A cross-sectional survey of 1,612 mothers was conducted in Japan in 2007. The participants were recruited at the free health checks conducted for infants at 18 months of age. The survey was ...
Iacobelli Silvia - - 2013
We aimed to investigate the predictive value for severe adverse outcome of plasma protein measurements on day one of life in very preterm infants and to compare total plasma protein levels with the validated illness severity scores CRIB, CRIB-II, SNAP-II and SNAPPE-II, regarding their predictive ability for severe adverse outcome. ...
Chen Shu - - 2013
This study aimed to translate and validate a Chinese (simplified) version of the Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale (IIFAS) and compare the infant feeding attitudes of Chinese mothers living in Perth Australia and in Chengdu P.R. China. A survey was undertaken on 200 Chinese mothers living in Perth and 1620 ...
Leroux Bénédicte Gaillard - - 2013
To develop a predictive risk stratification model for the identification of preterm infants at risk of 2-year suboptimal neuromotor status. Population-based observational study. Regional preterm infant follow-up programme (Loire Infant Follow-up Team (LIFT) cohort) implemented in 2003. 4030 preterm infants were enrolled in the LIFT cohort, and examined by neonatologists ...
Jaeggi Tanja - - 2013
Hepcidin regulation by competing stimuli such as infection and iron deficiency has not been studied in infants and it's yet unknown whether hepcidin regulatory pathways are fully functional in infants. In this cross-sectional study including 339 Kenyan infants aged 6.0±1.1 months (mean±SD), we assessed serum hepcidin-25, biomarkers of iron status ...
Peykarjou Stefanie - - 2013
We examined the processing of upright and inverted faces and cars in 3-month-old infants applying an event-related-potentials paradigm. The current study is the first to contrast human faces with an object category, cars, in a within-subjects design with infants. N290 amplitude was larger for inverted than upright faces, whereas no ...
KeleĊŸ Esengül - - 2013
Aim. To demonstrate whether transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN) is found more frequently in women undergoing general or combined epidural-spinal (CES) anesthesia during Cesarean section. Methods. This study was done retrospectively. A total of 1447 Cesarean sections (C/S) were performed in our clinic between January 2008 and December 2011. ...
Mulder Pamela - - 2013
Women use their cumulative breastfeeding experiences, in combination with other factors, to make their infant feeding decisions. This pilot study assessed the reliability and predictive validity of the revised Beginning Breastfeeding Survey-Cumulative (BBS-C). 25 women were recruited prenatally from a university hospital. The BBS-C was completed before hospital discharge. Infant ...
Pereira Ana Paula Esteves - - 2013
A valid, accurate method for determining gestational age (GA) is crucial in classifying early and late prematurity, and it is a relevant issue in perinatology. This study aimed at assessing the validity of different measures for approximating GA, and it provides an insight into the development of algorithms that can ...
Corrard François - - 2013
Hypoxia associated with bronchiolitis is not always easy to assess on clinical grounds alone. The aim of this study was to determine the value of food intake during the previous 24 hours (bottle and spoon feeding), as a percentage of usual intake (24h FI), as a marker of hypoxia, and ...
Yang Jiale - - 2013
There is a large literature focused on the color perception of matte surface. However, recent research showed that the component of surface specular reflection, such as glossiness, also affects categorical color perception. For instance, the color term "gold" was used to name high specular stimuli within a specific range of ...
Mecchia Donatella - - 2013
A 4-month-old female infant considered to be in good health died suddenly and unexpectedly. Post- mortem examination was requested, with clinical diagnosis of sudden infant death syndrome. At autopsy the infant was described in good health. Histo- logical examination of the heart found a cardiac fibroma compressing the atrio-ventricular node ...
Karras Spyridon N - - 2013
Vitamin D concentrations during pregnancy are measured to diagnose states of insufficiency or deficiency. The aim of this study is to apply accurate assays of vitamin D forms [single- hydroxylated [25(OH)D2, 25(OH)D3], double-hydroxylated [1a25(OH)2D2, 1a25(OH)2D3], epimers [3-epi-25(OH)D2, 3-epi-25(OH)D3] in mothers (serum) and neonates (umbilical cord) to i) explore maternal and ...
Chandran Suresh - - 2013
A term male infant was admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit with an asymmetric chest wall and a herniating mass through the left fourth intercostal space. While crying, the left fourth intercostal space revealed a mass which herniated on expiration and receded on inspiration. On auscultation, the heart sounds ...
Li Fei - - 2013
To evaluate if the Apgar score remains pertinent in contemporary practice after more than 50 years of wide use, and to assess the value of the Apgar score in predicting infant survival, expanding from the neonatal to the post-neonatal period. The U.S. linked live birth and infant death dataset was ...
Tongo Olukemi O - - 2013
Fetal malnutrition (FM) has grave implications for the neonate and is reliably assessed by the CANSCORE which is time-consuming. Static skinfold thickness, a measure of adiposity, is a validated method of assessing malnutrition in older children. To establish if static skinfold measurements in neonates can serve as a reliable measure ...
Schwarzer Gudrun - - 2013
The present experiment examined whether the mental rotation ability of 9-month-old infants was related to their abilities to crawl and manually explore objects. Forty-eight 9-month-old infants were tested; half of them had been crawling for an average of 9.3 weeks. The infants were habituated to a video of a simplified Shepard-Metzler ...
Johansson Patrik - - 2013
Objectives. (1) To determine the infant mortality rate (IMR) in American Indians/Alaska Natives (AI/AN) and Whites between 1995-1999 and 2000-2004. (2) To compare the leading causes of infant mortality in AI/AN and Whites. (3) To examine differences in neonatal vs. postneonatal causes of death in Whites and AI/AN. Methods. Using ...
Chauhan Sandhya - - 2013
Apgar score (AS) is routinely used for assessment of newborns immediately after birth. Within acceptable limits, low saturations at birth are normal in vigorous newborn babies. Various studies have questioned the reliability of AS. To detect whether AS is an accurate indicator of hypoxemia and to study the correlation of ...
Sinha Rahul - - 2013
Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), in which there is a persistent communication between the descending thoracic aorta and the pulmonary artery that results from failure of normal physiologic closure of the fetal ductus, is one of the more common congenital heart defects in preterm neonates. The closure of PDA can be ...
Tran Thach Duc - - 2013
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of antenatal exposure to iron deficiency anemia (IDA) and common mental disorders (CMD) on cognitive development of 6 months old infants in a developing country. A prospective population-based study in a rural province in Vietnam, which enrolled pregnant women at ...
Nausheen Sidrah - - 2013
To assess performance of the WHO revised verbal autopsy tool for ascertaining the causes of still birth in comparison with reference standard cause of death ascertained by standardized clinical and supportive data. All stillbirths at a tertiary hospital in Karachi, Pakistan were prospectively recruited into study from August 2006- February ...
Adgent Margaret A - - 2013
Exposure to estrogen-mimicking chemicals during critical periods of development, such as infancy, may have adverse effects. However, these effects can be difficult to characterize in most epidemiologic studies. For example, growth of reproductive organs may be susceptible to estrogenic chemicals, but measuring it requires skilled ultrasound examination; timing of pubertal ...
Moore Ginger A - - 2013
The study of dyadic interaction plays a major role in infancy research. To advance conceptually-informed measurement of dyadic interaction and integration across studies, we examined factor structure of individual parents' and infants' measures and dyadic measures from face-to-face interactions in two samples of 6-mo-old infants and their parents: mothers from ...
Sehgal Arvind - - 2013
Speckle tracking echocardiography is increasingly being used to assess cardiac function in neonates. The objective was to compare speckle tracking strain indices between asphyxiated infants and healthy controls and to ascertain correlations between strain and 2D Doppler derived indices and cardiac troponin (biochemical marker of myocardial injury). Clinical and echocardiographic ...
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