Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1229
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Niemi Maria M Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. - - 2013
To examine the association of low birthweight (LBW) and prematurity with clinically significant symptoms of antenatal common mental disorders (ACMDs) during the third trimester of pregnancy in a semi-rural area in Vietnam. Prospective community-based cohort study. Severity of ACMD symptoms was assessed with the Edinburgh Depression Scale, low birthweight was ...
Sato Yoshiaki - - 2013
AIM: To explore a less invasive way of assessing preload in neonates than fitting catheters to measure central venous pressure (CVP). This study evaluated the relationship between inferior vena cava (IVC) measurements and gestational age (GA) or body weight (BW) in term and premature infants and the correlation between those ...
Mink Daniela - - 2013
This longitudinal study investigated the relation between infant temperament and dropout rate in two visual habituation tasks when infants (N=80) were 6 and 12 months of age. At both age points, infant temperament was assessed with the Infant Behavior Questionnaire Revised (IBQ-R) and infants were presented with the same two ...
Reck Corinna - - 2013
Research suggested that maternal anxiety disorders might be related to infants' behavioral inhibition. This study investigated whether maternal postpartum anxiety disorder is associated with infant temperament, more precisely, infant distress to novelty, an early predictor of behavioral inhibition. Differences in the latter were analyzed in a German sample by comparing ...
Bright Melissa A - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the father-infant relationship in infants with congenital heart disease (CHD). METHOD: Sixty-three fathers whose infants had cardiac surgery before 3months of age reported on their attachment relationship with their infant within two months of hospital discharge using both qualitative and quantitative ...
Mitchell-Box Kristen - - 2013
Abstract Breastfeeding is considered the best infant feeding method, yet initiation and duration rates in the United States are lower than recommended by medical and public health professionals. Positive attitudes toward breastfeeding of the male partner are important in a mother's success at initiating and maintaining breastfeeding. This study measured ...
Jiang Ze Dong ZD Department of Paediatrics, Children's Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China. - - 2013
Neurodevelopment in late preterm infants has recently attracted considerable interest. The prevalence of brain stem conduction abnormality remains unknown. We examined maximum length sequence brain stem auditory evoked response in 163 infants, born at 33-36 weeks gestation, who had various perinatal problems. Compared with 49 normal term infants without problems, ...
Kandasamy Yogavijayan - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Nephron number in humans is determined during fetal life. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of preterm birth on nephron number using renal volume as a surrogate for nephron number. METHODS: This observational study was conducted over 12 months in a tertiary perinatal center. Preterm babies ...
Chen Chen-Jung - - 2013
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To develop the Maternal Attachment Inventory (MAI) into Chinese and assess its psychometric properties. BACKGROUND: The MAI measures of maternal affectionate attachment. This scale displays the most appropriate indicators associated with attachment and has been widely adopted in different fields for measuring maternal-infant attachment. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey ...
Braithwaite Elizabeth C - - 2013
Maternal antenatal anxiety is associated with an increased risk of behavioral disturbances in offspring. Recent work has suggested that the effect of maternal antenatal anxiety on infant temperament at 6 months is moderated by the serotonin transporter polymorphism 5-HTTLPR, with carriers of the short allele more susceptible to the adverse ...
Rebagliato Marisa - - 2013
Iodine supplementation during pregnancy is a common practice in developed countries. However, scant evidence is available regarding the safety and effectiveness of maternal iodine supplementation with regard to child neuropsychological development. We previously reported an inverse association between iodine supplementation and the psychomotor development of infants in a birth cohort ...
Tonetti Lorenzo - - 2013
A previous study has reported a significant month-of-birth effect on mood seasonality in the northern hemisphere. Higher mood seasonality was observed for university students born during spring or summer months (long photoperiod) compared to those born during autumn or winter months (short photoperiod). The aim of this study was to ...
Grieve Andrew - - 2013
Biliary atresia (BA) is a progressive obliterative cholangiopathy leading to liver fibrosis and cirrhosis. The aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index (APRi) has been used in other liver diseases and in older children with BA as a surrogate marker of liver fibrosis. The aim of this study was to calculate APRi at ...
Yeekian Chuenrutai - - 2013
The rising rate of cesarean section has been of concern worldwide. Maternalfactors and neonatal outcomes of cesarean section and vaginal delivery remain unclear To compare the diferences of maternal factors and neonatal outcomes between mothers who underwent Elective Cesarean Section (ECS) and spontaneous vaginal delivery (SVD) MATERIAL AND METHOD: A ...
Chatziioannidis I I B΄ Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Papageorgiou - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to determine immediate changes of global and regional lung function after exogenous surfactant administration in mechanically ventilated infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) using electrical impedance tomography (EIT) measurements. A prospective study was conducted in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit at a university ...
Bhattacharyya Agnihotri A Department of Community Medicine, Calcutta National Medical College, Kolkata, - - 2013
Integrated management of childhood illness (IMNCI) is already operational in many states of India, but there are only limited studies in Indian scenario comparing its validity and reliability with the decisions of pediatricians. Aims and. To assess the validity and reliability of the IMNCI algorithm with provisional diagnosis of senior ...
Davis Natalie Louise NL Division of Newborn Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2013
The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends all neonates born at <37 weeks' gestation receive a predischarge Infant Car Seat Challenge (ICSC), a resource-intensive test with little information on failure rates and risk factors. We sought to determine incidence and predictors of failure to allow more selective testing. We conducted a ...
Dai Hong-Xia HX The School of Nursing, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, - - 2013
The Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale (IIFAS) is used to evaluate maternal infant feeding attitude. The breastfeeding rate has declined but no validated instruments to assess infant feeding attitudes or related studies have been available in mainland China. The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability and validity ...
Gunning Melanie - - 2013
Early mother-infant interactions are characterised by periods of synchronous interaction that are interrupted by periods of mismatch; the experience of such mismatches and their subsequent repair is held to facilitate the development of infant self-regulatory capacities (Tronick, Als, Adamson, Wise, & Brazelton, 1978). Infant responding to such interactive challenge is ...
Guan Huai - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Manganese (Mn) is an essential element and a potential toxicant for developing organism. Deficiency and excess of it were both deleterious to fetal growth in experimental animals. However, literature on relationship between Mn status and birth outcome in humans is sparse. METHODS: Mn concentrations were measured in mother whole ...
Centanni Manuela - - 2013
The High Taxonomic Fingerprint (HTF)-Microbi.Array is a fully validated phylogenetic microarray platform for an high taxonomic level characterization of the human gut microbiota. However, suffering from PCR-dependent biases in Bifidobacterium quantification, this tool is less appropriate when utilized for the characterization of the Bifidobacterium-dominated gut microbiota of breast-fed infants. In ...
McLeod Gemma - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To assess ultrasound as a method for (i) measuring body composition (BC) of preterm infants and for (ii) assessing the influence of macronutrient intakes on tissue accretion rates. METHODS: Preterm ultrasound studies of four anatomical sites were performed approximately every three weeks from birth to corrected-term age. ...
Pyzio-Kowalik Magdalena - - 2013
The aim of this study was to digitally evaluate the incidence and severity of postural asymmetry in infants with Central Coordination Disturbance (CCD) by using a computer-aided podoscope (PodoBaby) from CQ Elektronik System. A sample of 120 infants aged from 3 months (±1 week) to 6 months (±1 week) took ...
Shenvi Asha - - 2013
Approximately 2 % of newborn infants are noted to have cardiac murmur on routine postnatal examination. Our aim was to look at current evidence and practice in the management of asymptomatic cardiac murmur in term neonates. We performed a systematic literature review and a telephone survey of all neonatal units in ...
Heineman Kirsten R - - 2013
AIM: The Infant Motor Profile (IMP) is a qualitative assessment of motor behaviour in infancy. It consists of five domains: movement variation, variability, fluency, symmetry, and performance. The aim of this study was to assess interobserver reliability and concurrent validity of the IMP with the Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS) ...
Altman Maria - - 2013
Infants born preterm account for a substantial part of neonatal morbidity, with acute respiratory disorders being a dominating clinical problem. Whereas focus in recent studies has been on extremely and very preterm infants, less is known about contemporary rates and risk factors for acute respiratory morbidity in moderately and late ...
Catenacci Melissa M Department of Pediatrics, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143-0544, - - 2013
To examine the relationship between the cause or severity of hypotension and the development of severe ROP (sROP) (≥stage 3 or stage 2 with plus disease in zone I or II). Infants (<28 weeks' gestation, n = 242) were observed for hypotension and treated with a standardized hypotension-treatment protocol. Hypotension ...
Ozkiraz Servet - - 2013
Abstract Objective: Low Apgar score is strongly associated with the incidence of transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN) and other respiratory diseases of newborn. We aimed to investigate the relationship between hypoxia determinants and the prolonged oxygen and respiratory support requirement even if the Apgar scores were normal. Methods: Retrospective ...
Williams Ismee A IA Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital of New York-Presbyterian, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY 10032, USA. - - 2013
Children with congenital heart disease are at risk for impaired neurodevelopment (ND). We investigated the association of fetal cerebrovascular resistance with ND in patients with single ventricle lesions. In the Single Ventricle Reconstruction (SVR) and Infant Single Ventricle trials, 14-month ND was assessed using the Bayley Scales of Infant Development ...
Schutzman David L - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends all infants born at <37 weeks gestation spend a period of observation in a car seat prior to hospital discharge to assess for apnoea, bradycardia or oxygen desaturation. The most recent Cochrane review suggested further studies to determine if the infant car seat ...
Ehsan Zarmina - - 2013
Pulmonary interstitial glycogenosis (PIG) is an idiopathic interstitial lung disease of infants. The underlying pulmonary pathophysiology of PIG has not been well characterized. Herein we report a term-gestatation infant who presented with persistent tachypnea and hypoxia. A chest CT scan demonstrated a diffuse ground glass appearance and lung biopsy demonstrated ...
Bas-Lando Maayan - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Varix of the fetal intra-abdominal umbilical vein (VFIUV) has been reported to be associated with an increased risk of adverse perinatal outcome and especially with intra-uterine fetal demise (IUFD). Induction of preterm birth, as early as 32-34 weeks gestation has been suggested to minimize this risk. We aimed to evaluate ...
Kubicki Rouven - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: As an inflammatory reaction after cardiac surgery involving cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), capillary leak syndrome (CLS) is associated with increased morbidity, especially in newborns and infants. We investigated whether different cytokines measured via microdialysis can monitor local inflammation in adipose tissue subcutaneously and predict the development of CLS early, before ...
Hanley Gillian E - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Prenatal exposure to serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SRI) antidepressants has been associated with delays in early developmental milestones, but there remains uncertainty. Even among a subset of studies examining the Bayley Scales of Infant Development (BSID), some have reported normal mental and psychomotor development while others have suggested a delay ...
Romeo Domenico M - - 2013
BACKGROUNDS: Healthy late-preterm (LP) infants examined at term equivalent age showed wider median and range of neurological scores than full-term infants; differences between infants born at 34 and those born at 35-36weeks were also observed. AIMS: The aim of this study is to establish the range and frequency distribution of ...
Kosarat Shanika - - 2013
1) To evaluate the accuracy of transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) compared with serum bilirubin (TsB) in full-term infants, 2) To compare the accuracy of TcB reading from two, three, and four measurements and, 3) To compare the accuracy of TcB measured at the forehead and sternum. Full-term infants who were diagnosed ...
Gosalbes M J - - 2013
Culture-dependent methods have shown that meconium, the newborn's first intestinal discharge, is not sterile, but the diversity of bacteria present in this material needs to be further characterized by means of more sensitive molecular techniques. Our aims were to characterize molecularly the meconium microbiota in term infants, to assess whether ...
Bat-Erdene Uilst - - 2013
Maternal report of events that occur during labour and delivery are used extensively in epidemiological research; however, the validity of these data are rarely confirmed. This study aimed to validate maternal self-report of events that occurred in labour and delivery with data found in electronic health records in a Canadian ...
Sehgal Arvind - - 2013
Various echocardiographic parameters are determined in the assessment and evaluation of a patent ductus arteriosus. In isolation, many of these parameters have a low sensitivity and specificity for ductal hemodynamic significance compared with ductal size. This study aimed to correlate various echocardiographic parameters with ductal size (transductal diameter) in infants ...
Deakin-Bell Nicole - - 2013
AIM: Whilst there have been comparisons of the Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ) with other gold standard developmental assessments, research concerning the free-text comments section of the questionnaire has been limited. The objective of this paper is to assess whether parental concerns expressed in the free-text comments section of the ...
Masumo Ray - - 2013
Abstract Objective. To assess the reproducibility of caregivers' responses to dietary recall from birth and 24-h dietary recall with respect to infants' intake of sugared snacks and to assess whether those assessment methods provide comparable results for groups of infants. Re-test reliability and clinical covariates of time to first exposure ...
Ng Sze M SM Department of Women's and Children's Health, Institute of Translational Medicine, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK. - - 2013
The major advantage of salivary cortisol sampling is that it is considerably less invasive than taking a blood sample. However, previous methods of obtaining saliva in premature infants have been poorly tolerated and inaccurate. We describe a simple, non-distressing technique for obtaining saliva samples to assess extremely premature infants' salivary ...
Pan Hsin-Yen - - 2013
Cellular neurothekeoma is an uncommon benign skin neoplasm and also a variant of neurothekeoma. Cellular neurothekeomas usually occur in the skin of the upper trunk, head, or neck of children and young adults; however, they rarely occur in infants or involve the lip. A 6-month-old male infant was incidentally found ...
Kumagai Takeshi - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To assess the relationship between superior vena cava (SVC) flow and short-term outcome in infants with perinatal asphyxia. METHODS: Infants in sequence born after more than 35weeks of gestation who had been hospitalized at the NICU and normal neonatal wards of Wakayama Medical University between May 2005 and September ...
Burns S A - - 2013
Objective:To assess the long-term cognitive, behavioral and academic status of preterm children exposed to clinical chorioamnionitis.Study Design:In total, 985 infants (<37 weeks and 2500 g at birth) were recruited in a multisite interventional research program. Of these, 43 case-infants were identified based on documented diagnosis of maternal clinical chorioamnionitis. Infants with ...
Schlapbach Luregn J - - 2013
PURPOSE: Early-onset sepsis (EOS) is one of the main causes for the admission of newborns to the neonatal intensive care unit. However, traditional infection markers are poor diagnostic markers of EOS. Pancreatic stone protein (PSP) is a promising sepsis marker in adults. The aim of this study was to investigate ...
Postiaux Guy - - 2013
Acute viral bronchiolitis (AVB) is the most common disorder and the leading cause of respiratory failure in infants (<24 months of age). Respiratory syncytial virus is the most common pathogen (85%), but other organisms produce a similar clinical picture.(1) The disease can be graded as severe, moderate or mild and, ...
Malloy M H - - 2013
Objective:In 1987, the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) rate in the United States was 1.2 per 1000 live births. By the year 2005, the SIDS rate had dropped more than half to approximately 0.5 per 1000 live births. In 1987, the risk of SIDS was 2.32 times greater for extremely ...
Michiue Tomomi - - 2013
Flotation tests on the lungs and gastrointestinal tract to investigate aeration are classic procedures to examine the life of a newborn after birth; however, there are arguments about the reliability. The present study investigated serial forensic autopsy cases of newborn infants without marked decomposition (n=4) with regard to air/gas distribution ...
Barr L V - - 2013
Twins are often considered to be at an increased risk of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH); we therefore investigated whether multiple births have a higher incidence of DDH, and if selective ultrasound scanning should be considered for these infants.We reviewed our records of all live births between 1 January ...
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