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Hoang Danthanh - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Chorioamnionitis (CA) presents a risk for neonatal sepsis, but its diagnosis remains a challenge. Maternal fever is often used as a clinical predictor of infection, but may be affected by other factors. There is no consensus among neonatologists regarding the length of treatment of babies born to febrile mothers ...
Vannucchi Ci - - 2012
Among the modifications that occur during the neonatal period, pulmonary development is the most critical. The neonate's lungs must be able to perform adequate gas exchange, which was previously accomplished by the placenta. Neonatal respiratory distress syndrome is defined as insufficient surfactant production or pulmonary structural immaturity and is specifically ...
Pandey Prashant Kumar - - 2012
In this study fecal microflora of human infants born through vaginal delivery (VB) and through cesarean section (CB) were investigated using culture-independent 16S rDNA cloning and sequencing approach. The results obtained clearly revealed that fecal microbiota of VB infants distinctly differ from those in their counterpart CB infants. The intestinal ...
Aziz Khalid - - 2012
: To describe the implementation and outcomes of delayed cord clamping (DCC) in preterm babies. : Following staff orientation, a policy of DCC for 45 seconds was instituted for all eligible babies born between 28 and 32 weeks' gestational age, and later to all those younger than 33 weeks. : ...
Freitas Brunnella Alcantara Chagas de - - 2012
To analyze the process of care provided to premature infants in a neonatal intensive care unit and the factors associated with their mortality. Cross-sectional retrospective study of premature infants in an intensive care unit between 2008 and 2010. The characteristics of the mothers and premature infants were described, and a ...
Nickel Nathan Christopher - - 2012
Background, Objectives: The Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding are not, as yet, the norm in the United States. This study examined how noncompliance with each of the Steps, and combinations of 2 Steps, influence duration of breastfeeding at the breast.Methods: Data were from the national Infant Feeding Practices Study II. ...
Eastwood John - - 2013
The objective of the study was to identify latent variables that can be used to inform theoretical models of perinatal influences on postnatal depressed mood and maternal-infant attachment. A routine survey of mothers with newborn infants was commenced in South Western Sydney in 2000. The survey included the Edinburgh Postnatal ...
Ferrante Linda - - 2012
AIM: The mucosal immune system and cytokines are activated in a large proportion of cases of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Our aim was to search for a possible association between cytokine polymorphisms and immunestimulation of the laryngeal mucosal in SIDS. METHODS: HLA-DR expression in laryngeal mucosal glands and surface ...
Wheeler Barbara J - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To psychometrically assess the modified Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale-Short Form (BSES-SF) among mothers of ill or preterm infants. DESIGN: Methodological study. SETTING: Three neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) located in two hospitals in a central Canadian city. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred forty-four (144) breastfeeding mothers of ill or preterm infants. METHODS: ...
Griesmaier Elke - - 2012
Background:In preterm infants the amplitude-integrated EEG (aEEG) is not established in clinical routine. The aim of this study was to derive normative data on aEEG parameters by means of longitudinal characterization and evaluating the impact of gestational age (GA), postnatal age (PNA), postmenstrual age (PMA), sedation and patent ductus arteriosus ...
Fernandes Luciana Volpiano - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of delay and factors associated with neurodevelopmental scores in premature infants. METHODS: Cross-sectional study to assess the development by Bayley Scales III, including very low birth weight preterm infants aged 18 to 24 months who were under follow-up at the outpatient clinic for preterm infants. ...
Kerby Gwendolyn S - - 2012
RATIONALE: Lung function in children with neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia of infancy (NEHI) and correlations with future clinical outcomes are needed to guide clinical management. OBJECTIVE: To compare results of infant pulmonary function tests (IPFTs) in children with NEHI to disease control (DC) subjects and to correlate NEHI IPFTs with future ...
Casasola Marianella - - 2012
Two experiments examined infants' ability to form a spatial category when habituated to few (only 2) or many (6) exemplars of a spatial relation. Sixty-four infants of 10 months and 64 infants of 14 months were habituated to dynamic events in which a toy was placed in a consistent spatial relation (in ...
Bick Johanna J Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA. - - 2013
This study examined the biological processes associated with foster mother-infant bonding. In an examination of foster mother-infant dyads (N = 41, mean infant age = 8.5 months), foster mothers' oxytocin production was associated with their expressions of behavioral delight toward their foster infant and their average P3 response to images ...
Lepomäki Virva - - 2012
BACKGROUND: White matter maturation of infants can be studied using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). DTI of the white matter of the infant brain provides the best available clinical measures of brain tissue organisation and integrity. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare white matter maturation between preterm infants ...
Parajuli Rajendra Prasad - - 2012
In this study, we aimed to investigate the association between in utero toxic (lead [Pb] and arsenic [As]) and essential element (zinc [Zn]) levels and neurodevelopmental indicators after birth in Chitwan Valley, Nepal. We conducted a hospital-based birth cohort study with 100 pregnant women in Chitwan, Nepal. We measured Pb, ...
Eeles Abbey L - - 2012
Aim  The aim of the study was to evaluate the psychometric properties and clinical use of assessments of sensory processing function, within the first 2 years of life, and to identify which assessment is the most appropriate and precise in measuring the construct of sensory processing. Method  The literature was comprehensively ...
Raimondi Francesco - - 2012
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: At birth, lung fluid is rapidly cleared to allow gas exchange. As pulmonary sonography discriminates between liquid and air content, we have used it to monitor extrauterine fluid clearance and respiratory adaptation in term and late preterm neonates. Ultrasound data were also related to the need of respiratory ...
Nielsen Susan B - - 2012
In paediatric practice, mean reference energy requirements for groups are often used to predict individual infant energy requirements. References from the FAO/WHO/United Nations University are based on infants not fed according to the current infant feeding recommendations. The objective of the present study was to measure total energy expenditure (TEE) ...
Venkatesh Vidheya - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Bleeding assessment tools have been developed in other specialties to standardise the recording of bleeding for clinical haemostatic outcomes in transfusion trials, but such tools have not been developed for routine use in neonatology. AIM: The objective of this study was to develop, refine and evaluate a neonatal bleeding ...
Holman Shaina Devi - - 2012
A penetration-aspiration scale exists for assessing airway protection in adult videofluoroscopy and fiberoptic endoscopic swallowing studies; however, no such scale exists for animal models. The aim of this study was threefold: (1) develop a penetration-aspiration scale (PAS) for infant mammals, (2) test the scale's intra- and interrater reliabilities, and (3) ...
Alderliesten Thomas - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS)-determined patterns of regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rScO(2)), cerebral fractional tissue oxygen extraction (cFTOE), and autoregulatory ability can identify neonates at risk for developing peri-intraventricular hemorrhage (PIVH). STUDY DESIGN: This case-control study is a subanalysis of 30 neonates who developed PIVH >12 ...
Valizadeh Leila - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Premature birth of neonates leads to anticipatory grief (AG) reaction in parents and make them vulnerable to mental health disorders. The present study aimed to determine and compare the AG reaction in mothers and fathers of premature infants hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit. METHODS: This comparative descriptive ...
Wellons John C JC - - 2012
Object Previous studies from the Hydrocephalus Clinical Research Network (HCRN) have shown a great degree of variation in surgical decision making for infants with posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus, such as when to temporize, when to shunt, or when to convert. Since much of this clinical decision making is dictated by clinical signs ...
Avershina E - - 2013
Bifidobacteria are a major microbial component of infant gut microbiota, which is believed to promote health benefits for the host and stimulate maturation of the immune system. Despite their perceived importance, very little is known about the natural development of and possible correlations between bifidobacteria in human populations. To address ...
Simonato Manuela - - 2012
Surfactant protein B (SP-B) plays a key role in surfactant homeostasis affecting its biophysical properties and physiological function. Recently, a method to measure SP-B amount and kinetics from tracheal aspirates (TAs) became available. The main objective of this study was to improve the critical steps of the procedure to obtain ...
Garza Lorena - - 2012
A two-year-old female infant presented with a palpable scalp mass that her mother first noticed nine months before presentation. The mother denied history of pain, discomfort, trauma, fever, or neurologic manifestations. On examination, she had a single, round, firm, subcutaneous mass measuring 3x2 cm on the right posterior temporal area ...
Ramos G - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic hypothermia (TH) following perinatal asphyxial encephalopathy in term infants improves mortality and neurodevelopmental outcome. In Europe, most neonatal units perform active cooling whereas in Switzerland passive cooling is predominantly used. AIMS: (i) To determine how many infants were cooled within the last 5years in Switzerland, (ii) to assess ...
Keihani-Doust Zarrin - - 2012
Birth asphyxia is one of the multiple causes of neonatal encephalopathy. The objective of this study was to evaluate neurodevelopmental outcomes of newborn term infants with definitive asphyxia. Thirty infants met study criteria for asphyxia. The 5-year incidence of asphyxia was estimated to be 5.5 in 1000. According to the ...
Yamada Tomomi - - 2012
We undertook a cohort study to determine the association between hair mineral content and the onset of atopic dermatitis (AD) in infants. Eight hundred and thirty-four mother-infant pairs, who donated hair samples during one and ten-month health checkups, had their samples analyzed by proton induced X-ray emission (PIXE) for 32 ...
Cyr Marilyn - - 2012
This study examined abstract syntactic categorization in infants, using the case of grammatical gender. Ninety-six French-learning 14-, 17-, 20-, and 30-month-olds completed the study. In a preferential looking procedure infants were tested on their generalized knowledge of grammatical gender involving pseudonouns and gender-marking determiners. The pseudonouns were controlled to contain ...
Jones Anderson P - - 2012
There has been growing interest in vitamin D insufficiency as a predisposing factor for allergy development based on immunoregulatory properties and epidemiological studies. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between vitamin D exposure in utero and allergic outcomes in the first year of life. Cord blood ...
Vasimalai N - - 2012
We wish to report a simple and sensitive method to determine the melamine in milk and infant formulas using 3-amino-5-mercapto-1,2,4-triazole capped gold nanoparticles (AMTr-AuNPs) as fluorophore. The AMTr-AuNPs were synthesized by a wet chemical method and were characterized by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM), and X-ray diffraction, UV-visible and fluorescence ...
McMeekin Sascha - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between temperament in Australian infants aged 2-7 months and feeding practices of their first-time mothers (n=698). Associations between feeding practices and beliefs (Infant Feeding Questionnaire) and infant temperament (easy-difficult continuous scale from the Short Temperament Scale for Infants) were tested ...
Abar Beau - - 2012
Methamphetamine use is a growing problem among pregnant women in the United States. Many negative consequences of methamphetamine use have been documented for the users, but little research has examined the long-term association between prenatal methamphetamine exposure (PME) and childhood outcomes. The current study examined the extent to which PME ...
Turker Gülcan - - 2012
BACKGROUND.: There have been many studies that have investigated the risk factors of mortality in preterm infants. However, there have been no studies that have shown an association between preterm mortality and exposure to heavy metals or trace elements. AIM.: The purpose of this study is to measure the levels ...
McLean Glenda - - 2012
Neonatal cranial ultrasound is routinely performed to screen preterm infants for complications of prematurity. A key component of this examination is the measurement of the lateral ventricles to identify and monitor ventriculomegaly. This study assesses the two-dimensional (2-D) interobserver error of neonatal cranial lateral ventricle measurements on 40 neonates who ...
Sehgal Arvind - - 2012
Equipoise persists as to the issue of assigning haemodynamic and clinical significance to a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). The objective was to ascertain whether echocardiographic scoring of a PDA correlates with outcomes. Unit electronic data base was accessed to identify infants less than 32 weeks' gestation who received ibuprofen for medical ...
Romeo Domenico M M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Longitudinal motor assessment in infants at different neurodevelopmental risk has not been previously evaluated using structured assessments. AIM: To verify if the Hammersmith Infant Neurological Examination (HINE) is a good tool to predict the neuromotor outcome in infants discharged from a level II-III Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) METHODS: ...
Keller Roberta L - - 2012
Surfactant dysfunction may contribute to the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in persistently ventilated preterm infants. We conducted a multicenter randomized, blinded, pilot study to assess the safety and efficacy of late administration of doses of a surfactant protein-B (SP-B)-containing surfactant (calfactant) in combination with prolonged inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) ...
Gagnon Kendra - - 2012
: To determine the interrater and test-retest reliabilities and construct validity of the Premie-Neuro, a standardized neurologic assessment tool for preterm infants. : Thirty-four preterm infants (mean gestational age at birth 29 ± 3.7 weeks, mean birth weight 1343.2 ± 696.3 g) participated in the study. : A prospective repeated-measures ...
Hsu Te-Yao - - 2012
Abstract Objective: Infection is believed to be one of frequent and important causes of preterm labor. We attempted to evaluate whether the level of inflammatory markers, e.g. interleukin-16 (IL-16), interleukin-18 (IL-18), and ferritin, in amniotic fluid at early second trimester can predict preterm birth. Methods: Amniotic fluid (AF) samples were ...
Arias Maria Carmenza Cuenca - - 2012
This study sought to determine the level of agreement between behavioral and multidimensional pain assessment scales in term newborn infants submitted to an acute nociceptive stimulus. This cross-sectional study was performed on 400 healthy term newborns who received an intramuscular injection of vitamin K during the first 6 hours of ...
Dubis Adam M - - 2012
To assess outer retinal layer maturation during late gestation and early postnatal life using optical coherence tomography and histologic examination. Thirty-nine participants 30 weeks' postmenstrual age or older were imaged using a handheld optical coherence tomography system, for a total of 102 imaging sessions. Foveal images from 16 participants (21 ...
Gascon Mireia - - 2012
There is increasing interest in the potential effects of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) on children's neuropsychological development, but only a few small studies have evaluated such effects. Our goal was to examine the association between PBDE concentrations in colostrum and infant neuropsychological development and to assess the influence of other ...
Bashambu Monuj T - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:Apgar scoring is accepted by medical professionals both as a measure of the infant's clinical status and the infant's response to resuscitation. Recent studies, however, have suggested significant variability when used for scoring preterm infants. We hypothesized that agreement in Apgar scoring would improve with increasing gestational age ...
Eriksson Lena - - 2012
Objective: To investigate effect duration and health consequences of earlier antenatal corticosteroid exposure in infants born late preterm or term. Design: Observational cohort study. Setting: Children born after gestational week 34 in Sweden 1976-1997, whose mothers were hospitalized for imminent preterm delivery. The children were followed to their 11th birthday. ...
Lee Shoo K - - 2012
Objective Derive and validate a practical assessment of infant illness severity at admission to neonatal intensive care units (NICUs).Study Design Prospective study involving 17,075 infants admitted to 15 NICUs in 2006 to 2008. Logistic regression was used to derive a prediction model for mortality comprising four empirically weighted items (temperature, blood pressure, ...
Haltigan John D JD Department of Human Development and Family Studies, The University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, NC 27412, United States. - - 2012
The current project reports on an initial investigation into the factor structure of the Infant Crying Questionnaire (ICQ), a measure designed to assess parental beliefs about infant crying, in a sample of 259 primiparous mothers. Exploratory factor analyses yielded evidence for a five-factor structure to the ICQ, with two factors ...
Smith Megan V MV Department of Psychiatry, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA. - - 2013
Some studies report neurobehavioral symptoms in neonates exposed to serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRIs) in utero. However, maternal psychiatric illness during the last trimester of pregnancy, as a confounding factor, has not always been assessed. In this prospective study we compared neurobehavioral complications among neonates who were born to euthymic women ...
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