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Results 301 - 350 of 1108
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Peykarjou Stefanie - - 2013
We examined the processing of upright and inverted faces and cars in 3-month-old infants applying an event-related-potentials paradigm. The current study is the first to contrast human faces with an object category, cars, in a within-subjects design with infants. N290 amplitude was larger for inverted than upright faces, whereas no ...
KeleĊŸ Esengül - - 2013
Aim. To demonstrate whether transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN) is found more frequently in women undergoing general or combined epidural-spinal (CES) anesthesia during Cesarean section. Methods. This study was done retrospectively. A total of 1447 Cesarean sections (C/S) were performed in our clinic between January 2008 and December 2011. ...
Mulder Pamela - - 2013
Women use their cumulative breastfeeding experiences, in combination with other factors, to make their infant feeding decisions. This pilot study assessed the reliability and predictive validity of the revised Beginning Breastfeeding Survey-Cumulative (BBS-C). 25 women were recruited prenatally from a university hospital. The BBS-C was completed before hospital discharge. Infant ...
Pereira Ana Paula Esteves - - 2013
A valid, accurate method for determining gestational age (GA) is crucial in classifying early and late prematurity, and it is a relevant issue in perinatology. This study aimed at assessing the validity of different measures for approximating GA, and it provides an insight into the development of algorithms that can ...
Corrard François - - 2013
Hypoxia associated with bronchiolitis is not always easy to assess on clinical grounds alone. The aim of this study was to determine the value of food intake during the previous 24 hours (bottle and spoon feeding), as a percentage of usual intake (24h FI), as a marker of hypoxia, and ...
Yang Jiale - - 2013
There is a large literature focused on the color perception of matte surface. However, recent research showed that the component of surface specular reflection, such as glossiness, also affects categorical color perception. For instance, the color term "gold" was used to name high specular stimuli within a specific range of ...
Mecchia Donatella - - 2013
A 4-month-old female infant considered to be in good health died suddenly and unexpectedly. Post- mortem examination was requested, with clinical diagnosis of sudden infant death syndrome. At autopsy the infant was described in good health. Histo- logical examination of the heart found a cardiac fibroma compressing the atrio-ventricular node ...
Karras Spyridon N - - 2013
Vitamin D concentrations during pregnancy are measured to diagnose states of insufficiency or deficiency. The aim of this study is to apply accurate assays of vitamin D forms [single- hydroxylated [25(OH)D2, 25(OH)D3], double-hydroxylated [1a25(OH)2D2, 1a25(OH)2D3], epimers [3-epi-25(OH)D2, 3-epi-25(OH)D3] in mothers (serum) and neonates (umbilical cord) to i) explore maternal and ...
Chandran Suresh - - 2013
A term male infant was admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit with an asymmetric chest wall and a herniating mass through the left fourth intercostal space. While crying, the left fourth intercostal space revealed a mass which herniated on expiration and receded on inspiration. On auscultation, the heart sounds ...
Li Fei - - 2013
To evaluate if the Apgar score remains pertinent in contemporary practice after more than 50 years of wide use, and to assess the value of the Apgar score in predicting infant survival, expanding from the neonatal to the post-neonatal period. The U.S. linked live birth and infant death dataset was ...
Tongo Olukemi O - - 2013
Fetal malnutrition (FM) has grave implications for the neonate and is reliably assessed by the CANSCORE which is time-consuming. Static skinfold thickness, a measure of adiposity, is a validated method of assessing malnutrition in older children. To establish if static skinfold measurements in neonates can serve as a reliable measure ...
Schwarzer Gudrun - - 2013
The present experiment examined whether the mental rotation ability of 9-month-old infants was related to their abilities to crawl and manually explore objects. Forty-eight 9-month-old infants were tested; half of them had been crawling for an average of 9.3 weeks. The infants were habituated to a video of a simplified Shepard-Metzler ...
Johansson Patrik - - 2013
Objectives. (1) To determine the infant mortality rate (IMR) in American Indians/Alaska Natives (AI/AN) and Whites between 1995-1999 and 2000-2004. (2) To compare the leading causes of infant mortality in AI/AN and Whites. (3) To examine differences in neonatal vs. postneonatal causes of death in Whites and AI/AN. Methods. Using ...
Kieviet Noera - - 2013
Infants are at risk of developing symptoms of Poor Neonatal Adaptation (PNA) after exposure to psychotropic drugs in utero. Such symptoms are largely similar after exposure to antidepressants, antipsychotics and benzodiazepines and consist of mostly mild neurologic, autonomic, respirator and gastro-intestinal abnormalities. Most symptoms develop within 48 hours after birth ...
Chauhan Sandhya - - 2013
Apgar score (AS) is routinely used for assessment of newborns immediately after birth. Within acceptable limits, low saturations at birth are normal in vigorous newborn babies. Various studies have questioned the reliability of AS. To detect whether AS is an accurate indicator of hypoxemia and to study the correlation of ...
Sinha Rahul - - 2013
Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), in which there is a persistent communication between the descending thoracic aorta and the pulmonary artery that results from failure of normal physiologic closure of the fetal ductus, is one of the more common congenital heart defects in preterm neonates. The closure of PDA can be ...
Tran Thach Duc - - 2013
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of antenatal exposure to iron deficiency anemia (IDA) and common mental disorders (CMD) on cognitive development of 6 months old infants in a developing country. A prospective population-based study in a rural province in Vietnam, which enrolled pregnant women at ...
Nausheen Sidrah - - 2013
To assess performance of the WHO revised verbal autopsy tool for ascertaining the causes of still birth in comparison with reference standard cause of death ascertained by standardized clinical and supportive data. All stillbirths at a tertiary hospital in Karachi, Pakistan were prospectively recruited into study from August 2006- February ...
Adgent Margaret A - - 2013
Exposure to estrogen-mimicking chemicals during critical periods of development, such as infancy, may have adverse effects. However, these effects can be difficult to characterize in most epidemiologic studies. For example, growth of reproductive organs may be susceptible to estrogenic chemicals, but measuring it requires skilled ultrasound examination; timing of pubertal ...
Moore Ginger A - - 2013
The study of dyadic interaction plays a major role in infancy research. To advance conceptually-informed measurement of dyadic interaction and integration across studies, we examined factor structure of individual parents' and infants' measures and dyadic measures from face-to-face interactions in two samples of 6-mo-old infants and their parents: mothers from ...
Sehgal Arvind - - 2013
Speckle tracking echocardiography is increasingly being used to assess cardiac function in neonates. The objective was to compare speckle tracking strain indices between asphyxiated infants and healthy controls and to ascertain correlations between strain and 2D Doppler derived indices and cardiac troponin (biochemical marker of myocardial injury). Clinical and echocardiographic ...
Zhang Dandan - - 2013
Neonatal seizures pose a high risk for adverse outcome in survived infants. While the prognostic value of amplitude-integrated electroencephalogram (aEEG) is well established in neonates with encephalopathy and asphyxia, neonatal seizure studies focusing on the direct correlation between early aEEG measurement and subsequent neurologic outcome are scarce. In this study, ...
Said M M - - 2013
In this study, we validated the use of the FORE-SIGHT® (CAS Medical Systems, Branford, CT USA) tissue oximeter monitor on abdominal tissue oxygenation in infants ≤4 kg using a stool-interference compensation algorithm. A total of 40 neonates with an umbilical venous catheter (UVC) were enrolled in this study. We measured ...
Senese Vincenzo Paolo - - 2013
Human infants' complete dependence on adult caregiving suggests that mechanisms associated with adult responsiveness to infant cues might be deeply embedded in the brain. Behavioural and neuroimaging research has produced converging evidence for adults' positive disposition to infant cues, but these studies have not investigated directly the valence of adults' ...
Horn Alan R AR School of Child and Adolescent Health, University of Cape Town, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, Klipfontein Rd, Cape Town, South Africa. - - 2013
An early clinical score predicting an abnormal amplitude-integrated electroencephalogram (aEEG) or moderate-severe hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) may allow rapid triage of infants for therapeutic hypothermia. We aimed to determine if early clinical examination could predict either an abnormal aEEG at age 6 hours or moderate-severe HIE presenting within 72 hours ...
Lisonkova Sarka S Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, University of British Columbia and the Children's and Women's Hospital of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. - - 2013
Recent studies have shown that older mothers who deliver at preterm gestation have lower neonatal mortality rates compared with younger mothers who deliver at preterm gestation. We examined the effect of maternal age on gestational age-specific perinatal mortality. We compared fetal, neonatal and perinatal mortality rates among singleton births in ...
Augustyniak Malgorzata M Jagiellonian University Medical - - 2013
Despite the Bayley Scales of Infant Development second edition (BSID-II) are wide used both clinically and in research settings, only a few published studies have been examined their stability over time. The aim of this study was to examine the stability of mental and motor BSID-II scores over the first ...
Ramos-Jorge Joana J Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Universidade Vale do Rio Verde, Três Corações, Brazil. - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to compare mothers' actual observations of signs and symptoms associated with the eruption of primary incisors in their infants with their own recollections of the same period after eruption was completed. A comparative study was carried out with 45 non-institutionalized infants and their mothers. ...
Wang Kun K Department of Mathematics, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, United States of America ; Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of - - 2013
We address the identification of optimal biomarkers for the rapid diagnosis of neonatal sepsis. We employ both canonical correlation analysis (CCA) and sparse support vector machine (SSVM) classifiers to select the best subset of biomarkers from a large hematological data set collected from infants with suspected sepsis from Yale-New Haven ...
Hasani Sara S Department of Audiology, Faculty of Rehabilitation, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran - - 2013
Preterm birth is a risk factor for a number of conditions that requires comprehensive examination. Our study was designed to investigate the impact of preterm birth on the processing of auditory stimuli and brain structures at the brainstem level at a preschool age. An auditory brainstem response (ABR) test was ...
Keemer Frances F Queensland University of Technology, Victoria Park Road, Kelvin Grove, Queensland 4059, Australia. - - 2013
Breastfeeding self-efficacy (BFSE) supports breastfeeding initiation and duration. Challenges to breastfeeding may undermine BFSE, but second-line strategies including nipple shields, syringe, cup, supply line and bottle feeding may support breastfeeding until challenges are resolved. The primary aim of this study was to examine BFSE in a sample of women using ...
Kiblawi Zeina N ZN LA BioMed Institute, Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, David Geffen School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA 90502, - - 2013
To assess for the increased risk of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in young children with prenatal methamphetamine exposure from the multicenter, longitudinal Infant Development, Environment, and Lifestyle (IDEAL) study. The IDEAL study enrolled 412 mother-infant pairs at 4 sites (Tulsa, OK; Des Moines, IA; Los Angeles, CA; and Honolulu, HI). ...
Strathearn Lane L Attachment and Neurodevelopment Laboratory, Department of Pediatrics, Children's Nutrition Research Center, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston TX, USA ; The Menninger Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston TX, USA ; The Meyer Center for Developmental Pediatrics, Texas Children's Hospital/Baylor College of Medicine, Houston TX, - - 2013
Understanding, prioritizing and responding to infant affective cues is a key component of motherhood, with long-term implications for infant socio-emotional development. This important task includes identifying unique characteristics of one's own infant, as they relate to differences in affect valence-happy or sad-while monitoring one's own level of arousal. The amygdala ...
De Lucia Rolfe Emanuella E MRC Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Science, Addenbrooke's Hospital, P.O. Box 285, Cambridge CB2 0QQ, UK. - - 2013
Other imaging techniques to quantify internal-abdominal adiposity (IA-AT) and subcutaneous-abdominal adiposity (SCA-AT) are frequently impractical in infants. The aim of this study was twofold: (a) to validate ultrasound (US) visceral and subcutaneous-abdominal depths in assessing IA-AT and SCA-AT from MRI as the reference method in infants and (b) to analyze ...
Krosschell Kristin J KJ Department of Physical Therapy and Human Movement Sciences, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois 60611, USA. - - 2013
This study examined the reliability and validity of the Test of Infant Motor Performance Screening Items (TIMPSI) in infants with type I spinal muscular atrophy (SMA). After training, 12 evaluators scored 4 videos of infants with type I SMA to assess interrater reliability. Intrarater and test-retest reliability was further assessed ...
Bulf Hermann - - 2012
Visual attention is one of the infant's primary tools for gathering relevant information from the environment for further processing and learning. The space-based component of visual attention in infants has been widely investigated; however, the object-based component of visual attention has received scarce interest. This scarcity is surprising, given the ...
Tsuruhara Aki - - 2012
To examine young infants' sensitivity to a pictorial depth cue, we compared monocular and binocular preferential looking to objects of which depth was specified by height-in-the-picture-plane. For adults, this cue generates the perception that a lower object is closer than a higher object. This study showed that 4- and 5-month-old ...
Peacock Janet L JL Division of Health and Social Care Research, King's College London, London, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine whether small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants born very prematurely had increased respiratory morbidity in the neonatal period and at follow-up. Data were examined from infants recruited into the United Kingdom Oscillation Study (UKOS). Of the 797 infants who were born at <29 wk of ...
Wu Chunhua - - 2012
Pyrethroid insecticides are extensively and increasingly applied in agricultural and residential environments in China. Children's exposure to pesticides attracted global concerns because of their particular vulnerability. Several studies have reported residual pyrethroid levels in urine both in adults and in children. However, few published data focused on very young infants. ...
Satoh Takumi - - 2012
Lacto-N-biose I (LNB) is a potential factor for the selective growth of bifidobacteria. We previously reported that the species of bifidobacteria predominant in infant intestines might use LNB. We aimed to assess the prebiotic properties of LNB in comparison to other oligosaccharides using an in vitro fermentation system. Stool samples ...
Dai Hong-Xia - - 2012
Abstract Background: The Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale (IIFAS) is used to evaluate maternal infant feeding attitude. The breastfeeding rate has declined but no validated instruments to assess infant feeding attitudes or related studies have been available in mainland China. Aims: The purpose of this study was to assess the ...
Valent Francesca - - 2013
Mercury is a neurotoxic environmental pollutant. However, the literature on the neurodevelopmental effect of low-level prenatal mercury exposure from maternal fish intake is inconsistent. We assessed the association between prenatal mercury exposure and infant neurodevelopment in coastal areas of 4 Mediterranean countries. This was a prospective cohort study that planned ...
Sannia Andrea - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Late preterm deliveries (LP, between 34-36 wks), have considerably increased in the last decades. About 20-25% of LP infants require intensive care and morbidity on public health is of great magnitude. Therefore, we aimed at offering a reference curve in LP period of a well-established neurotrophic and brain damage ...
Klebermass-Schrehof K - - 2012
Objective:Three-dimensional ultrasound (3D-US) offers new perspectives in cerebral imaging.Study Design:This prospective study aimed to determine whether 3D-US is appropriate to assess cortical development of the premature brain, and compare it to previously established reference values assessed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Preterm infants with a gestational age (GA) of <32 ...
Lobo Michele A - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to describe how reaching onset affects the way infants explore objects and their own bodies. We followed typically developing infants longitudinally from 2 through 5 months of age. At each visit we coded the behaviors infants performed with their hand when an object was ...
Koutra Katerina - - 2012
PURPOSE: A growing body of evidence links poor maternal mental health with negative outcomes on early child development. We examined the effect of antenatal and postnatal maternal mental health on infant neurodevelopment at age 18 months in a population-based mother-child cohort (Rhea Study) in Crete, Greece. METHODS: Self-reported measures of maternal ...
Berlit Sebastian - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Primary aim of the study was to identify risk factors for an adverse neonatal outcome in emergency caesarean deliveries (ECD). Secondary, the influence of the decision-to-delivery interval (DDI) on neonatal outcome was evaluated. METHODS: Study period of this retrospective investigation was 2001-2011, in which 336 ECD were evaluated. Main ...
Cameron Jean-Christy F - - 2012
BACKGROUND: In pediatric patients at risk of hyperkalemia there are limited treatment or preventive alternatives for this electrolyte imbalance. Oral or rectal sodium polystyrene sulfonate (SPS) has several potential adverse effects, and dietary potassium restriction may compromise nutrition. Pretreatment of infant formula with SPS has been previously studied with promising ...
Cohen A M - - 2012
Objective:Evaluate physiological and behavioral pain responses of premature infants following instillation of mydriatic eyedrops for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) examinations. While burning and stinging occurs in older patients, the infant pain response is not well characterized.Study Design:Vital sign and video monitor recorded infant responses before, during and after mydriatic (tropicamide ...
Chaudhary T - - 2012
Standardized examinations of preterm infants are used to identify candidates for early intervention. We aimed to assess the predictive power and concurrent validity of the mental development index of the Bayley scales of infant development II (Bayley MDI) and the Griffiths scales developmental quotient (Griffiths DQ) in healthy term and ...
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