Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1571
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Leena K C KC Department of Community Health Nursing, Father Muller College of Nursing, Mangalore, Karnataka, - - 2014
Among the almost 3.9 million newborn deaths that occur worldwide, about 30% occur in India. Children are our future and utmost precious resources. After birth the health of the child depends upon the health care practice adopted by the family, especially by the mothers. Information about neonatal problems and newborn ...
O'Riordan A - - 2014
Pertussis is a highly contagious disease caused by the Gram negative aerobic coccobacillus, Bordetella pertussis. It may present with severe symptoms and complications in infants and can pose a diagnostic challenge. This is a vaccine preventable illness covered by the Irish Childhood Immunisation Schedule. In 2011, a retrospective review was ...
Vahidi Reza Gholi RG Departments of Health Services Management, Faculty of Management and Medical Informatics, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz Health Services Management Research Center, Tabriz, Iran ; Iranian Center of Excellence for Health Management, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, - - 2014
This study aimed to compare the cost and effectiveness of Kangaroo mother care (KMC) and conventional methods of care in low birth weight (LBW) neonates. A retrospective economic evaluation conducted in Al-Zahra Teaching Maternity Hospital of Tabriz, Iran by participating 45 LBW and preterm neonate in each therapeutic groups (90 ...
Angrisani Rosanna Giaffredo RG School of Medicine, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
To follow up the maturation of the auditory pathway in preterm infants small for gestational age (SGA), through the study of absolute and interpeak latencies of auditory brainstem response (ABR) in the first six months of age. This multicentric prospective cross-sectional and longitudinal study assessed 76 newborn infants, 35 SGA ...
Banik S K SK Dr Sukhamoy Kangsha Banik, Associate Professor (Neonatology), Department of Paediatrics, SSMC & Mitford Hospital, Dhaka, - - 2014
Early onset of hyperglycemia is common among low birth weight neonates. Increased risk for death and major morbidities has been observed among hyperglycemic low birth weight infants. This prospective observational study was done to find out hyperglycemia as a predictor of increased morbidity and mortality in the low birth weight ...
Yakoob M Y MY Mohammad Y Yakoob, Departments of Epidemiology and Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston MA, USA; E-mail: - - 2014
Very preterm births (between 23 and 29 weeks' gestation) are a major perinatal health issue worldwide, particularly in developing countries, with limited resources. Limited data exists on survival of very preterm infants from Pakistan and antenatal predictors dictating survival have not been evaluated. This descriptive study was a case-series of ...
Blaggan Samarita S Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom; - - 2014
The Parent Report of Children's Abilities-Revised (PARCA-R) is a questionnaire for assessing cognitive and language development in very preterm infants. Given the increased risk of developmental delay in infants born late and moderately preterm (LMPT; 32-36 weeks), this study aimed to validate this questionnaire as a screening tool in this ...
Abdeyazdan Zahra Z Department of Pediatric and Neonatal Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
Preterm infants constitute a large proportion of the newborn population in the neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). Parents, as the main members of the care team, are not adequately supported as the focus is chiefly on infant care. The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of a family support ...
van der Pol Rachel J RJ Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Emma Children's Hospital, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
It is hypothesized that laryngeal edema is caused by laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) (ie, gastroesophageal reflux extending into the larynx and pharynx). The validated reflux finding score (RFS) assesses LPR disease in adults. We, therefore, aimed to develop an adapted RFS for infants (RFS-I) and assess its observer agreement. Visibility of ...
Lipkie Tristan E TE Department of Food Science, Purdue University, West Lafayette, - - 2014
Clinical evidence suggests that the bioavailability of lutein is lower from infant formula than from human milk. The purpose of this study was to assess characteristics of human milk and lutein-fortified infant formula that may impact carotenoid delivery. Carotenoid bioaccessibility and intestinal absorption were modeled by in vitro digestion coupled ...
Lorenz Laila L Department of Neonatology, University Children's Hospital of Tübingen, Tübingen, - - 2014
Background: Iron deficiency (ID) contributes to anaemia of prematurity, and hence the reliable assessment of iron nutrition status appears to be mandatory. Objective: To establish gestational age (GA)-specific reference ranges for hepcidin concentrations in cord blood [Hep(CB)] of preterm and term infants and to identify pre- and perinatal confounding factors. ...
Quinn Graham E GE Division of Pediatric Ophthalmology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, - - 2014
The present strategy to identify infants needing treatment for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) requires repeated examinations of at-risk infants by physicians. However, less than 10% ultimately require treatment. Retinal imaging by nonphysicians with remote image interpretation by nonphysicians may provide a more efficient strategy. To evaluate the validity of a ...
Nevalainen Päivi P BioMag Laboratory, Hospital District of Helsinki and Uusimaa, HUS Medical Imaging Center, Helsinki University Central Hospital (HUCH), Helsinki, Finland; Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, Children's Hospital, HUS Medical Imaging Center, HUCH, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Prior studies on extremely preterm infants have reported long-term prognostic value of absent secondary somatosensory cortex (SII) responses in magnetoencephalography (MEG) at term. The present work (i) further examines the potential added value of SII responses in neonatal neurological evaluation of preterm infants, and (ii) tests whether SII responses are ...
Tavasoli Azita A Department of Pediatric Neurology, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Motor developmental impairment is a common symptom in low birth weight neonates. The Peabody Developmental Motor Scales-second edition is an instrument for measuring motor abilities in these infants. This study aimed to validate the Peabody Developmental Motor Scales-second edition in Iran. This was a prospective clinical validation study. The reliability ...
Kaplan Peter S PS Department of Psychology, University of Colorado Denver, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
To separate effects of maternal depression on infant cognitive versus language development, 1-year-olds were assessed using the revised Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development (BSID-III). Percentile scores on the Bayley Expressive Communication (EC) subscale were significantly negatively correlated with maternal self-report scores on the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II). However, ...
Mathews Meagan E ME The University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, NC, - - 2014
Many US women fall short of meeting the recommendations on breastfeeding. Whereas prenatal demographic factors have been well researched in relation to breastfeeding, psychosocial maternal characteristics are less understood but could be important predictors of breastfeeding initiation and duration. This study examined primiparous maternal psychosocial characteristics and temperamentally based negative ...
Kerhoas Daphne D Jr. Research Group 'Primate Sexual Selection', German Primate Center , Kellnerweg 4, 37077 Goettingen , Germany , ; Jr. Research Group 'Primate Kin Selection', Max-Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology , Deutscher Platz 6, 04103 Leipzig , Germany , ; Institute of Biology, University of Leipzig , Talstrasse 33, 04103 Leipzig , Germany - - 2014
Premature loss of offspring decreases direct fitness of parents. In gregarious mammals, both ecological and social variables impact offspring survival and may interact with each other in this regard. Although a number of studies have investigated factors influencing offspring loss in mammals, we still know very little on how different ...
Baer Rebecca J RJ Genetic Disease Screening Program, California Department of Public Health, Richmond, CA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine the association between increased first trimester fetal nuchal translucency (NT) measurement and major non-cardiac structural birth defects in euploid infants. Included were 75,899 singleton infants without aneuploidy or critical congenital heart defects born in California in 2009 and 2010 with NT measured between 11 and 14 weeks of ...
Lehr Victoria Tutag VT *The Eugene Applebaum College of Pharmacy & Health Sciences, Department of Pharmacy Practice, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI †Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, Pediatric Pharmacology Research Unit, Children's Hospital of Michigan, Detroit, MI ‡Division of Neonatal and Perinatal Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Hutzel Women's Hospital and Children's Hospital of Michigan, Wayne University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI §Children's Research Center of Michigan, Department of Pediatrics, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI ∥Division of Neonatology and Neonatal Translational Research Laboratory, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of oral sucrose on skin blood flow (SBF; perfusion units; PU) measured by Laser Doppler Imager (LDI) in term newborns and pain response (Neonatal Infant Pain Scale score; NIPS) during heel lance, and (2) determine SBF changes during heel lance and (3) the relationship between SBF ...
Möller Eline L EL Research Institute of Child Development and Education, University of Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Infants use signals from others to guide their behavior when confronted with novel situations, a process called 'social referencing' (SR). Via SR, signs of parental anxiety can lead to infant anxiety. Little is known about differences in the effect of paternal and maternal SR signals on child anxiety. Using a ...
Castillo Mariana Ulhôa MU Division of Neonatal Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (EPM-Unifesp), São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
Compare the habituation responses to external stimuli between preterm infants at the postconceptual age of 40 weeks and term infants in the first days of life, and evaluate the habituation responses of the preterm infants until the age of 40 postconceptual weeks. Prospective cohort study of preterm infants aged <32 weeks. The ...
Liang Ms PhD Candidate X X Department of Psychology, School of Education, Capital Normal University, Beijing, - - 2014
to investigate adult attachment status in first-time mothers, and stability and/or changes in maternal sensitivity during infancy. longitudinal study using quantitative and qualitative methods, and statistical modelling. Three home visits were undertaken when the infant was approximately six, nine and 14 months old. The Adult-to-Parental Attachment Experience Survey was used, ...
Rattray B N BN Department of Pediatrics, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, - - 2014
Objective:Evaluate spontaneous intestinal perforation (SIP)/death among extremely low birthweight (ELBW) infants before, during and after initiation of an antenatal magnesium for neuroprotection protocol (MgPro).Study Design:We tested associations between SIP/death and magnesium exposure, gestational age (GA) and interactions with GA and magnesium exposure in a cohort of inborn ELBW infants before, ...
Stevenson Nathan J NJ Neonatal Brain Research Group, Irish Centre for Fetal and Neonatal Translational Research (INFANT), University College Cork, - - 2014
Measuring fluctuation of vigilance states in early preterm infants undergoing long term intensive care holds promise for monitoring their neurological well-being. There is currently, however, neither objective nor quantitative methods available for this purpose in a research or clinical environment. The aim of this proof-of-concept study was, therefore, to develop ...
Glassman Melissa E ME 1 Division of Child and Adolescent Health, Columbia University , New York, New - - 2014
Abstract Background: Latinas have high breastfeeding initiation rates that decrease significantly in the first postpartum months. Little is known about the effects of self-efficacy and sociocultural factors on early breastfeeding among low-income Latinas. This study quantifies early breastfeeding rates and identifies factors associated with breastfeeding at 4-6 weeks postpartum in ...
Davis Matthew A MA 1] Children's Environmental Health and Disease Prevention Research Center at Dartmouth, Hanover, New Hampshire, USA [2] Institute for Quantitative Biomedical Sciences Graduate Program, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire, - - 2014
A growing body of evidence suggests that in utero and early-life exposure to arsenic may have detrimental effects on children, even at the low to moderate levels common in the United States and elsewhere. In a sample of 170 mother-infant pairs from New Hampshire, we determined infant exposure to in ...
Sehgal Arvind A Monash Newborn, Monash Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia, - - 2014
Existing data suggest subendocardial ischemia in preterm infants with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) and alterations in cardiac function after indomethacin administration. This study aimed to explore the evolution of left ventricular function by conventional echocardiography and speckle-tracking echocardiography (STE) and to ascertain the interrelationship with coronary flow indices in response ...
McCloskey Kate - - 2014
Aortic intima-media thickness measured by transabdominal ultrasound (aIMT) is an intermediate phenotype of cardiovascular risk. We aimed to (1) investigate the reproducibility of aIMT in a population-derived cohort of infants; (2) establish the distribution of aIMT in early infancy; (3) compare measurement by edge-detection software to that by manual sonographic ...
Umemura Tomo T Institute for Research on Children Youth and Family, Faculty of Social Studies, Masaryk University, Joštova 10, 602 00 Brno, Czech Republic. Electronic address: - - 2014
Using the NICHD Early Childcare dataset (N=1281), this study examined whether infant temperament and the amount of time infants spend in nonmaternal care independently predict (1) the likelihood that they seek comfort from their mother when needed and (2) placement in a particular subgroup of infant-mother attachment patterns. Mothers reported ...
Khorana Meera - - 2014
Nutrition is an important aspect in the care of very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants. Human milk fortified with human milk fortifiers (HMF) is best for enteral feeding of premature infants. HMF is expensive and not easily available in Thailand. Post discharge formula (PDF) has been routinely used to ...
McDonald Susan J SJ Midwifery Professorial Unit, La Trobe University/Mercy Hospital for Women, Melbourne, Australia. s.mcdonald@latrobe.edu.au., - - 2014
Policies for timing of cord clamping vary, with early cord clamping generally carried out in the first 60 seconds after birth, whereas later cord clamping usually involves clamping the umbilical cord more than one minute after the birth or when cord pulsation has ceased. The benefits and potential harms of ...
Huggard D - - 2014
The Bayley scale of infant development is employed as the performance indicator at 2 years corrected gestational age for high risk paediatric groups. We compare neurodevelopmental outcomes in two cohorts of VLBW infants born in 1999 to a cohort born a decade later, while also examining the challenges of direct ...
Attachoo Anchalee - - 2014
To determine the incidence and risk factors of postoperative apnea in premature infants who received general anesthesia for cryotherapy or laser photocoagulation for treatment of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) at Queen Sirikit National Institute of Child Health. A retrospective cohort study was performed by reviewing medical records of premature infants ...
Edraki Mitra M Community Based Psychiatric Care Research Center, Department of Pediatric Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Science, Shiraz, - - 2014
Maintaining body temperature and reducing stress are important challenges in bathing preterm infants. Swaddle bathing, which includes in itself the principles of developmental care, can be used as a low-stress and appropriate bathing method for premature infants. Given the limitations of the researches carried out on this bathing method, the ...
Dickins D D Liverpool Women's Hospital, Liverpool, - - 2014
To review unexpected term admissions to SCBU, identify areas for improvement in care of women in labour and highlight specific cases for learning points. Birth asphyxia is a significant cause of neonatal morbidity and carries a significant risk to the trust for future litigation. The overall incidence of neonatal encephalopathy ...
Hamade Haya - - 2014
The Middle East has one of the lowest rates of exclusive breastfeeding in the world, highlighting the need to promote breastfeeding in this region. Young adults represent a key population of interest, since decisions about infant-feeding appear to be made before children are even conceived. To examine breastfeeding knowledge, attitude, ...
Chotigeat Uraiwan - - 2014
To evaluate the post-discharge growth, laboratory outcome, neurodevelopment and safety of post-discharge formula in comparison to breast milk. A prospective cohort of preterm infants, who were discharged on breast milk or post-discharge formula (PDF) were studied. Demographic data, post-discharge growth, laboratory outcome, neurodevelopment and complications were recorded. These infants were ...
Wilcock A A University of Manchester, Manchester, - - 2014
: Although necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) carries significant morbidity/mortality in preterm babies, it is poorly understood and its identification is hindered by the lack of a single diagnostic test. Metabolomics offers innovative opportunities for biomarker discovery and improving pathogenetic insight. We implemented a novel pilot study to determine if metabolomics could ...
Saengtawesin Varaporn - - 2014
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is the most serious gastrointestinal problem in very low birth weight preterm infants. Multiple risk factors activate the inflammatory cascade leading to high expressions of pro-inflammatory mediators causing bowel injury in NEC. The anti-inflammatory effect of probiotics is due to the inhibition and reduction of inflammatory signal ...
Shan Wei - - 2014
To evaluate and analyze the effect of foetal endocsopic tracheal occlusion (FETO) therapy on survival rates of neonatal with congenital diaphragmatic hernia and maternal complications. We performed a systemic review and meta-analysis of three randomized controlled trials (RCTs). The combined data on neonatal survival rates, length of gestational age and ...
Torabi Zohre - - 2014
To determine the impact of calcium and phosphorus on radiological and biochemical characteristics of osteopenia in premature infants. The randomised clinical trial study was conducted at Valie-e-Asr Hospital of Zanjan city, Iran, from December 2010 to June 2011. It involved monitoring 40 premature neonates over a period of six months. ...
James A A Rotunda Hospital, Dublin, - - 2014
To assess the reliability of longitudinal strain (LS) and strain rate (SR) in the very low birth weight infants. LS and SR were measured in infants less than 28 weeks corrected gestational age using colour tissue Doppler at the mid segment of the LV free wall, the intra-ventricular septum and ...
Sawyer A A University of Sussex, Brighton, - - 2014
Preterm birth is a major challenge in perinatal healthcare. However, there is little research into parents' satisfaction with care during very preterm birth. Therefore the aim of the current study was to develop and evaluate a questionnaire to measure parents' experiences and satisfaction with care during very preterm birth. A ...
James A A Rotunda Hospital, Dublin, - - 2014
Physiological changes of the preterm heart during the transitioning period are a challenging area to assess. Colour Tissue Doppler derived longitudinal strain (LS) and strain rate (SR) as well as tricuspid annulus plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) and fractional area change (FAC) are novel echocardiographic techniques for the assessment of left ...
Gasparović Vesna Elvedi - - 2014
Preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) occurs in 3 percent of all pregnancies and is responsible for, or associated with, approximately one-third of preterm births causing significant perinatal morbidity and fetal death. Preterm infants are very vulnerable to respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), periventricular leucomalacia (PVL), other neurological ...
Killeen H H National University of Ireland, Galway, Galway, - - 2014
Although much literature has focused on the cognitive, motor and behavioural sequelae of preterm birth, little attention in the medical literature has addressed its impact on everyday life skills. Few standardised assessments that measure adaptive behaviour are normed on a UK/Irish population of children. The Adaptive behaviour Assessment Scale-II (ABAS- ...
Hall R A S RA Department of Developmental Psychology, Tilburg University, P.O. Box 90153, 5000 LE, Tilburg, The Netherlands, - - 2014
This prospective study examined whether or not a mother's representations of her infant were more often disrupted after premature childbirth. Furthermore, the study examined if different components of maternal interactive behavior mediated the relation between maternal disrupted representations and infant attachment. The participants were mothers of full-term (n = 75), moderately preterm ...
Zhang X X Department of Pediatrics, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, QC, - - 2014
To examine temporal trends in stillbirth and its risk factors in the United States (US), and to assess the contribution of labour induction and caesarean delivery to the stillbirth rate. Population-based cohort study based on linked birth-infant death and fetal death data files from the US National Vital Statistics System. ...
Mwangome Martha K MK 1KEMRI/Wellcome Trust Research Programme,PO Box 230,Kilifi - - 2014
To compare mothers' perceptions of their own infants' nutritional status with anthropometric indicators of undernutrition. A qualitative study and cross-sectional quantitative survey. The qualitative study involved developing tools to assess mother's perception. Two methods of verbal description and a pictorial scale were developed. The quantitative survey involved measuring maternal perception ...
Luczyńska Anna A Center for Chronic Immunodeficiency (CCI), Molecular Epidemiology, University Medical Center Freiburg, Engesser Strasse 4, 79108, Freiburg, - - 2014
Lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) are a major cause of hospitalization in infants. Research suggests that immunomodulatory properties of vitamin D may influence LRTI risk. This study's objective was to examine whether 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations in cord blood influenced susceptibility to LRTI in the first year of life. Data ...
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