Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1305
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Boyd Lauren A C LA Department of Pediatrics, Loyola University Medical Center and Loyola University of Chicago Stritch School of Medicine, Maywood, IL, United - - 2013
Premature infants are less socially and emotionally competent at school age than infants born at term. To evaluate the correlates of social and emotional delays at 2 years of age among prematurely born children. This is a prospective cohort study. 904 children born at <28 weeks gestation during 2002-2004 and ...
Truog W E - - 2013
Objective:To assess pulmonary outcomes of infants <29 weeks gestational age (GA), delivered at level I, II and III facilities, to identify potentially modifiable factors affecting bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) severity and to assess the external generalizability of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) BPD ...
Biselele Thérèse T Neonatal Unit, Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, DR - - 2013
This study aimed to determine the evolution of the Thompson score, which provides composite grading of encephalopathy signs, during the first 6 h of birth in neonates with perinatal asphyxia. Twenty term infants with perinatal asphyxia were prospectively studied from the University Hospital of Kinshasa during a 12-month period. The Thompson ...
Thia Lena P - - 2013
Sensitive outcome measures applicable in different centres to quantify and track early pulmonary abnormalities in infants with cystic fibrosis (CF) are needed both for clinical care and interventional trials. Chest CT has been advocated as such a measure yet there is no validated scoring system in infants. The objectives of ...
Hayakawa Masahiro - - 2013
Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is one of the most critical pathologic conditions in neonatal medicine due to the potential for neurological deficits in later life. We investigated the incidence of term infants with moderate or severe HIE in Japan and identified prognostic risk factors for poor outcome in HIE. Data ...
Soltirovska-Salamon Aneta - - 2013
Neonatal seizures may cause irreversible changes to the immature brain and. A scoring system for early prognostic information could be a useful clinical tool. The aim of the study was to analyze risk factors for epilepsy after neonatal seizures, to validate Garfinkle's scoring system, and to analyze whether a new ...
Nagar Gaurav - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:Transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) devices are widely used for the estimation of serum bilirubin levels in term and near-term infants. Our objective was to review the diagnostic accuracy of TcB devices in preterm infants.METHODS:Medline, Embase, Cochrane library, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and Scopus were searched ...
Brockmann Pablo E - - 2013
We aimed to determine reference values for respiratory indices in polygraphies (PGs) performed in infants aged 1 and 3months. Healthy full-term neonates were recruited on the maternity ward. They were followed up by overnight PG at the age of 1month and again at the age of 3months. Indices of respiratory ...
Brik Maia - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the use of cervical Interleukin 6 (IL-6) and phosphorylated Insulin Growth Binding Protein 1 (pIGFBP1), in the prediction of adverse neonatal outcome. Methods: Prospective observational study including women between 24 and 34 weeks of gestation. 112 cervical samples for IL-6 and pIFBP1 were taken. Neonatal outcome ...
Pineda Roberta G - - 2013
To evaluate associations between neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) room type (open ward and private room) and medical outcomes; neurobehavior, electrophysiology, and brain structure at hospital discharge; and developmental outcomes at 2 years of age. In this prospective longitudinal cohort study, we enrolled 136 preterm infants born <30 weeks gestation ...
Mohamed El Rifai Nihal - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To correlate vitamin D level in Egyptian mothers with that of their newborns, and examine risk factors related to maternal vitamin D deficiency. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out at the university teaching hospital in Cairo- Egypt. Serum 25 (OH) D levels were measured by ELISA in ...
Yılmaz Yavuz - - 2013
Abstract Background: Spontaneous intestinal perforation (SIP) is an important surgical emergency in preterm infants. Aims: To evaluate the effect of maternal preeclampsia on development of SIP in premature infants. Study design: Retrospective observational study in a large tertiary neonatal intensive care unit. Subjects: The preterm infants of ≤32 weeks gestational ...
Alexandrou Georgios - - 2013
To investigate whether prematurity per se or perinatal risk factors explain altered brain structure after preterm birth, in extremely preterm (EPT) infants without focal brain lesions. A population-based cohort of 58 EPT infants (gestational age GA <27+0 weeks) was examined with diffusion magnetic resonance imaging at term-equivalent age, and dcompared ...
Matsubara Shigeki - - 2013
Pallasmaa et al. (1) related the cesarean section (CS) rate with maternal and neonatal morbidity in tertiary centers in Finland. It varied from 12.9 to 25.1% (average of 17.2%), but did not correlate with maternal or neonatal morbidity. A recent Japanese study (2) also showed similar results. Analysis of deliveries in ...
Borckink Ilse - - 2013
Nasal continuous airway pressure (NCPAP) has been proposed as an early first-line support for infants with severe respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection. We hypothesized that infants < 6 months with severe RSV would required shorter ventilator support on nCPAP than invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV). Retrospective cohort analysis of infants admitted ...
Akimitsu Osami - - 2013
This study aims to examine the relationship between tyrosine and phenylalanine intake at breakfast as precursors of dopamine,scores on the Torsvall-Akerstedt Diurnal Type Scale and of mental health in Japanese infants aged 2 to 5 years. An integrated questionnaire was administered to parents of 1,367 infants attending one of ten ...
Sezer Rabia Gonul RG Department of Pediatrics, Zeynep Kamil Maternity and Children's Disease Training and Research Hospital, Uskudar 34668, Istanbul, - - 2013
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) have been associated with neonatal lung morbidity and MMP dysregulation contributes to the pathology of chronic and acute lung disorders. Most of the previous studies were performed in the 1(st) weeks of life of the preterm newborns. There are no data on the serum levels of MMP-2, ...
Silva Larissa Paiva LP Universidade Federal do Ceará, Fortaleza, - - 2013
This study had as its objective to analyze the intraclass reliability of the Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS), in the Brazilian version, in preterm and term infants. It was a methodological study, conducted from November 2009 to April 2010, with 50 children receiving care in two public institutions in Fortaleza, ...
Atalar Hakan H Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, Gazi University School of Medicine, Ankara, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine the sensitivity and specificity of plain radiography in the detection of developmental dysplasia of the hip, using hip ultrasonography as a reference standard. A retrospective review was made in 44 infants ranging in age from 4 weeks to 50 weeks (mean age: ...
Nonnweiler Thomas - - 2013
Measuring trends in a county's premature death rate is a straightforward method that can be used to assess a county's progress in improving the health of the population. Age-adjusted premature death rate data from Wisconsin Interactive Statistics on Health for persons less than 75 years of age were collected for ...
Hoo Ah-Fong - - 2013
The impact of birth before 27 completed weeks of gestation on infant pulmonary function (PF) was explored in a multi-ethnic population in comparison to more mature preterm controls (PTC) and healthy fullterm infants. Plethysmographic lung volume (FRCpleth ) and forced expired volume (FEV0.5 ) were obtained at ∼12 months post-term ...
Sohn Jin A - - 2013
Amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG) allows continuous brain function monitoring at bedside. This prospective cohort study was designed to longitudinally evaluate aEEG tracings at increased postmenstrual age (PMA) in preterm infants with intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH). Biweekly aEEG recordings were performed on preterm infants <32weeks gestational age from 24 to 36weeks PMA. The ...
Eriksen Beate Horsberg - - 2013
There is a lack of standardized echocardiographic parameters to quantify ventricular function in newborn infants. Long-axis systolic ventricular shortening is a useful parameter of global ventricular function. Serial assessment of long-axis systolic atrioventricular annulus excursion in premature infants. Two-centre, prospective observational study. Fifty-seven premature infants (26 girls), median (range) gestational ...
Ficial Benjamim B Imperial College and MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, London, United Kingdom; Patologia e Terapia Intensiva Neonatale, Università degli Studi di Verona, Verona, - - 2013
The echocardiographic assessment of circulatory function in sick newborn infants has the potential to improve patient care. However, measurements are prone to error and have not been sufficiently validated. Phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides highly validated measures of blood flow and has recently been applied to the newborn population. ...
Kim Un-Jung - - 2013
The concentrations of tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) and hexabromocyclododecanes (HBCDs), and their correlations with thyroid hormones, were investigated in sera from 26 infants with congenital hypothyroidism, 12 healthy infants, and their mothers. The analyte concentrations were not significantly different in the two infant groups. Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (measured in a previous ...
Maitre N L - - 2013
Objective:Compare neurodevelopment after levetiracetam (LEV) and phenobarbital (PB) for neonatal seizures.Study design:Retrospective study of infants who received antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) for neonatal seizures. Effect of cumulative exposure to LEV and PB on outcomes of death, cerebral palsy (CP) and Bayley Scales of Infant Development (BSID) scores were evaluated at 24 ...
Brooks Jada L - - 2013
The interactive behaviors of 17 American Indian mothers and their premature infants and selected maternal and infant factors affecting those behaviors were measured using naturalistic observation and the Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment (HOME) Inventory at 3, 6, and 12 months corrected infant age. The frequency of some ...
Yolton Kimberly - - 2013
National data suggest widespread gestational exposure to organophosphate pesticides (OPs) based on the detection of OP metabolites in the urine of pregnant women. Associations with early infant neurobehavior are largely understudied, with only two studies reporting abnormal reflexes in newborns in association with gestational exposure to OPs. Our objective was ...
Li Yanhong - - 2013
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is the most common serious pulmonary morbidity in premature infants. The score for neonatal acute physiology (SNAP) is a physiologic severity index for neonatal intensive care and correlates well with neonatal mortality and clinical outcomes. The prognostic value of the SNAP score for BPD in preterm infants ...
Bacher L F - - 2013
The present study explored the development of spontaneous eye blinking (SEB) and its relationship to approach-inhibition behavior during the second half of the first year. The dopaminergic regulation of SEB in adult primates provides an empirical basis for studying blinking in infants, and dopamine's role in infant temperament provides justification ...
Yu Yen-Ting - - 2013
The Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development - 3rd Edition (Bayley-III) was updated to enhance its usefulness for contemporary child developmental assessment. However, recent data in Western countries have implicated the overestimation of child development by the new instrument. This study aimed to investigate the psychometric features of the ...
Ottinger Daniele - - 2013
Troponin T and I can be found within the myocardial filaments. Measuring these cardiac troponin levels in full-term newborns and premature infants has not become a common practice in the neonatal intensive care unit and newborn nurseries. Research studies are discovering that an elevation in troponin T and I levels ...
Zhang Zhi-Qun - - 2013
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is usually diagnosed in preterm infants at least 28 days after birth. Great interest lies in the potential to identify biomarkers that predict development of the disease and future neurodevelopmental outcomes. We have reviewed the existing literature on early biomarkers as predictors for BPD in preterm infants. Two ...
Matson Adam P - - 2013
The cell type(s) mediating the maternal influence on allergic disease in children remain unclear. We set out to define the relationship between maternal allergy and frequencies of cord blood (CB) basophils, and plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs); to characterize surface-bound IgE and FcεRI expressions on these cells; and to investigate the ...
Aydın Banu - - 2013
Introduction: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a major cause of pneumonia in infants worldwide. We aimed to evaluate the clinical course of community-acquired RSV pneumonia in newborns hospitalized in neonatal intensive care unit. Materials and Methods: All the newborns diagnosed as pneumonia were prospectively evaluated for RSV infection between November ...
Boggs Elizabeth E School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, - - 2013
Items from respiratory questionnaires validated in older children are often used in research studies of preterm infants, although they have not been validated in this population. We aimed to assess both test-retest reliability and convergent validity of a group of commonly used respiratory questionnaire items in a cohort of preterm ...
Brogna Claudia - - 2013
The quality of general movements (GMs) and its predictive value have never been evaluated in late-preterm (LP) infants. To determine the characteristics of GMs and their predictive value for neurodevelopmental outcome in a cohort of infants born between 34 and 36weeks' gestation. 574 LP infants were examined using the standard ...
Hofer Nora - - 2013
Aim of this study was to show and discuss an association between fetal inflammatory response syndrome (FIRS) and an adverse neonatal outcome defined as combined severe neonatal morbidity and mortality in preterm neonates hospitalized in our neonatal intensive care unit. Observational study including all preterm neonates hospitalized in our neonatal ...
Touwslager Robbert Nh - - 2013
Accelerated infant growth is associated with an altered, mostly adverse adult cardiometabolic risk profile. The importance of genetic and environmental factors to these associations is unclear. The objective was to examine the importance of genetic and environmental factors in the associations between infant growth and adult cardiometabolic risk factors (anthropometrics, ...
Andersen Gregers S GS Steno Diabetes Center, Gentofte, - - 2013
Data on body composition in infancy may improve the understanding of the relation between variability in fetal and infant growth and disease risk through the life course. Although new assessment techniques have recently become available, body composition is rarely described in infants from low-income settings. The aim of this study ...
Campaña Hebe - - 2013
Background Minor anomalies (mAs) are morphological features with little clinical relevance that have been mentioned as possible predictors of major defects (MDs). Objectives To identify the preferential associations between selected MDs and mAs and to establish if mAs can serve as predictors for specific MDs. Study Design Information of newborns ...
Davis Natalie Louise - - 2013
Oropharyngeal aspiration (OPA) is a common cause of morbidity in premature neonates. We sought to identify significant risk factors and determine the timing of feeding maturation in preterm infants with OPA. We performed a retrospective medical record review of 148 former preterm neonates referred for modified barium swallow study (MBSS) ...
Perrella Sharon L - - 2013
To validate four sonographic methods of estimating stomach volume for the purpose of monitoring changes in gastric volume over time, and to describe the echogenic characteristics of milk feeds. Twenty-four infants were monitored during a single intra-gastric tube feed, with two ultrasound images of the entire stomach and an image ...
Vestman Nelly Romani - - 2013
Lactobacillus species can contribute positively to general and oral health and are frequently acquired by breastfeeding in infancy. The present study aimed to identify oral lactobacilli in breast and formula-fed 4 month-old infants and to evaluate potential probiotic properties of the dominant Lactobacillus species detected. Saliva and oral swab samples ...
Odd D - - 2013
Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the stability of associations between social factors, as assessed by maternal occupation and education, and poor birth condition (an Apgar score of below seven at one and five minutes) over a 30 year period in Sweden. Methods: The dataset was ...
Hehir Mark P - - 2013
To examine rates and outcomes of operative vaginal delivery over a 20-year study period and the changing preference for various instruments during this period. This retrospective analysis of prospectively gathered data was carried out at a large tertiary referral center from 1991 to 2010. All cases of operative vaginal delivery ...
Hansen-Pupp Ingrid - - 2013
Background:To evaluate the relationships between postnatal change in circulatory insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) concentrations, brain volumes, and developmental outcome at 2 years of age in very preterm infants.Methods:IGF-I was measured weekly and nutritional intake was calculated daily from birth until a postmenstrual age (PMA) of 35 weeks. Individual beta ...
Abu-Dahab Sana M N - - 2013
ABSTRACT In this study, we report the translation process, validity, and reliability of the Arabic Infant/Toddler Sensory Profile (IT_SP). A multistep approach was implemented to ensure the accuracy and equivalency of the Arabic and original English IT_SP. Factor analysis indicated that item loadings for over 50% of the items on ...
Intusoma Utcharee - - 2013
Exposure time, program content and cultural context may affect the impact of television (TV) on the social-emotional competence (SEC) of children. This study examined the effects of TV viewing on the SEC of Thai infants. The study was based on a Thai birth cohort study from which duration and content ...
Gerrard Stephen E - - 2013
An apparatus was designed to mimic lactation from a human breast. It was used to determine the influence of milk fat content and flow rate, and suction pulse rate of a breastfeeding infant upon the release of a model compound from a nipple shield delivery system (NSDS). The NSDS would ...
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