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Results 301 - 350 of 1328
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Park Yoonjoon Y Department of Pediatric Surgery, Dankook University Medical College, Cheonan, - - 2013
Crossed testicular ectopia (CTE) is generally defined as both testes located in the same hemiscrotum and contralateral hydrocele with the absence of a testis. However, the initial presentation of CTE in an infant as an incarcerated inguinal hernia is extremely rare. We report on a 10-month-old infant with CTE, who ...
Du Xiaozhen X Department of Integrated Early Childhood Development, Capital Institute of Pediatrics, Beijing, China ; Joint first - - 2013
Face-to-face interviews by trained field workers are commonly used in household surveys. However, this data collection method is labor-intensive, time-consuming, expensive, prone to interviewer and recall bias and not easily scalable to increase sample representativeness. To explore the feasibility of using text messaging to collect information on infant and young ...
Jafarzadehpur Ebrahim E Department of Optometry, Iran University of Medical Science, Tehran, - - 2013
Nowadays, many infertile couples can have child by assistant reproductive technology (ART). Always the undesirable effects of these methods on newborn are considered and are evaluated. The aim of this study is to describe the impact of ART on ocular and visual performances of infants born by these methods. In ...
Garbi-Goutel Aurélie A Service de médecine néonatale, unité de soins intensifs néonatale, Hôpital Nord, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Marseille, Université de la Méditerranée, Chemin des Bourrellys, 13015 Marseille Cedex 20, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to assess the prognostic value of abdominal sonography in necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in preterm infants with a gestational age less than 33weeks of gestation, using surgery and/or death as the primary outcome and stenosis as the secondary outcome. A retrospective study of 95 premature ...
Simic Marija - - 2013
Abstract Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the potential impact of gestational age (GA) estimation on the basis of the last menstrual period (LMP) in comparison with GA based on ultrasound examination on rates of survival and neonatal morbidity among extremely preterm infants. Methods: The Swedish national ...
Kampanatkosol Richard R Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, IL, - - 2014
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) affects up to 10% of extremely-low-birthweight infants, with a 30% mortality rate. Currently, no biomarker reliably facilitates early diagnosis. Since thrombocytopenia and bowel ischemia are consistent findings in advanced NEC, we prospectively investigated two potential biomarkers: reticulated platelets (RP) and intestinal alkaline phosphatase (iAP). Infants born ≤32weeks ...
Alvik Astrid - - 2013
To explore variables predicting low developmental scores in 6-month-old infants in a population-based study. In a longitudinal study representative of pregnant women in Oslo, Norway, questionnaires were answered at 17 and 30 weeks of pregnancy and 6 months after term; N = 1053 after exclusions (women with non-Scandinavian ethnicity, twin ...
Buttelmann David - - 2013
Recent studies suggest that infants understand that others can have false beliefs. However, most of these studies have used looking time measures, and the few that have used behavioral measures are all based on the change-of-location paradigm, leading to claims that infants might use behavioral rules instead of mental state ...
Giaccone Annie A Division of Neonatology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and University of Pennsylvania, , Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, - - 2014
Studies of extubation in preterm infants often define extubation success as a lack of reintubation within a specified time window. However, the duration of observation that defines extubation success in preterm infants has not been validated. The purpose of this study was to systematically review published definitions of extubation success ...
Jones Hendrée E - - 2013
Buprenorphine pharmacotherapy for opioid-dependent pregnant women is associated with maternal and neonatal outcomes superior to untreated opioid dependence. However, the literature is inconsistent regarding the possible existence of a dose-response relationship between maternal buprenorphine dose and neonatal clinical outcomes. The present secondary analysis study (1) examined the relationship between maternal ...
Grove Gary L - - 2013
To compare the relative gentleness of a silicone tape to a paper tape in healthy infants and children. A randomized, grader-blinded, comparative study. The sample group comprised 24 healthy infants and children 9.1 to 46.7 months of age (mean ± SEM, 34.0 ± 2.21). The study was conducted at a ...
Christensen Robert D - - 2013
We cared for a term male infant born to Burmese immigrants. At about 24 hours a total serum bilirubin (TSB) was 9.3 mg/dL, and phototherapy was begun. It was stopped 48 hours later, with a TSB of 10.9 mg/dL, and he was discharged from the hospital with an appointment for ...
Putnam Samuel P - - 2013
Using data from parents of 761 infants from 6 independent samples, short (91 items, 14 scales) and very short (37 items, 3 broad scales) forms of the Infant Behavior Questionnaire-Revised (IBQ-R), a well-established caregiver report measure of temperament for infants aged 3 to 12 months, were developed. The forms were ...
Andersen Stine Linding - - 2013
Background: Breastfed infants are dependent on iodine transport into breast milk for production of thyroid hormones. Thyroid hormones are important regulators of brain development. It has been considered whether breast milk iodine concentration (MIC) could be predicted by maternal urinary iodine concentration (UIC), but reports on correlations have been inconsistent. ...
Hilbrink Elma E - - 2013
Research on imitation in infancy has primarily focused on what and when infants imitate. More recently, however, the question why infants imitate has received renewed attention, partly motivated by the finding that infants sometimes selectively imitate the actions of others and sometimes faithfully imitate, or overimitate, the actions of others. ...
Coleman Alana J - - 2013
Early clinical predictors for the use of ECMO in patients with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) are lacking. We sought to evaluate the first 24-h SNAP-II score and highest PaCO2 as predictors of ECMO support and in-hospital mortality in neonates with CDH. Retrospective review of 47 consecutive neonates with CDH admitted ...
Oppenheim David - - 2013
In her description of sensitive mothers, Ainsworth described not only maternal behaviors but also the internal processes underlying such behavior, including the capacity to "see things from the child's point of view". Ainsworth assessed this capacity from her extensive observations of mothers interacting with their infants, from records of mothers' ...
Luxwolda Martine F - - 2013
Little is known about the interrelationships between maternal and infant erythrocyte-DHA, milk-DHA and maternal adipose tissue (AT)-DHA contents. We studied these relationships in four tribes in Tanzania (Maasai, Pare, Sengerema and Ukerewe) differing in their lifetime intakes of fish. Cross-sectional samples were collected at delivery and after 3 d and 3 ...
Ebersole J L - - 2013
Acquisition and development of the complex oral microbiome remains ill-defined. While selected species of oral bacteria have been examined related to initial colonization of neonates, more detailed understanding of the dynamics of the microbiome has only been developed in adults. This investigation used a nonhuman primate model to document the ...
Sherwin Catherine M T - - 2013
Tocolytic use of magnesium sulfate is associated with excess neonatal mortality and has been proposed to follow a dose-response relationship. This study aimed to define the correlation between maternal and neonatal magnesium blood concentrations. Magnesium blood concentrations were retrospectively obtained for mother-neonate pairs who were cared for at an Intermountain ...
Reynolds Lauren C LC Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, - - 2013
To determine the associations between perinatal exposures, cerebral maturation on amplitude-integrated encephalography (aEEG) and outcome. During this prospective cohort study, 136 infants ≤30 weeks estimated gestational age received 4 h of aEEG at four time points (between the first 2 weeks of life and term-equivalent age) during hospitalisation. Perinatal factors were documented. Associations ...
Hollins Martin Caroline J - - 2013
to assess factor structure, validity and reliability of the Birth Satisfaction Scale (BSS) and to develop a short-form version of the tool. a quantitative design focused on evaluating psychometric properties of the BSS using factor structure, internal consistency, divergent reliability and known groups validity. Ayrshire Maternity Unit community midwife bases ...
Orün Emel - - 2013
The mental health of the mother influences early mother-infant relationship. This study aimed to explore the relations between maternal psychopathologies, particularly postpartum depression, social-obstetrical factors and mother-infant bonding. One hundred and eighty-nine mother-infant pairs who participated in the longitudinal study entitled "Mother-Infant Care Study" were evaluated at the second month ...
Boyd Lauren A C LA Department of Pediatrics, Loyola University Medical Center and Loyola University of Chicago Stritch School of Medicine, Maywood, IL, United - - 2013
Premature infants are less socially and emotionally competent at school age than infants born at term. To evaluate the correlates of social and emotional delays at 2 years of age among prematurely born children. This is a prospective cohort study. 904 children born at <28 weeks gestation during 2002-2004 and ...
Truog W E - - 2013
Objective:To assess pulmonary outcomes of infants <29 weeks gestational age (GA), delivered at level I, II and III facilities, to identify potentially modifiable factors affecting bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) severity and to assess the external generalizability of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) BPD ...
Biselele Thérèse T Neonatal Unit, Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, DR - - 2013
This study aimed to determine the evolution of the Thompson score, which provides composite grading of encephalopathy signs, during the first 6 h of birth in neonates with perinatal asphyxia. Twenty term infants with perinatal asphyxia were prospectively studied from the University Hospital of Kinshasa during a 12-month period. The Thompson ...
Thia Lena P - - 2013
Sensitive outcome measures applicable in different centres to quantify and track early pulmonary abnormalities in infants with cystic fibrosis (CF) are needed both for clinical care and interventional trials. Chest CT has been advocated as such a measure yet there is no validated scoring system in infants. The objectives of ...
Hayakawa Masahiro - - 2013
Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is one of the most critical pathologic conditions in neonatal medicine due to the potential for neurological deficits in later life. We investigated the incidence of term infants with moderate or severe HIE in Japan and identified prognostic risk factors for poor outcome in HIE. Data ...
Soltirovska-Salamon Aneta - - 2013
Neonatal seizures may cause irreversible changes to the immature brain and. A scoring system for early prognostic information could be a useful clinical tool. The aim of the study was to analyze risk factors for epilepsy after neonatal seizures, to validate Garfinkle's scoring system, and to analyze whether a new ...
Nagar Gaurav - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:Transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) devices are widely used for the estimation of serum bilirubin levels in term and near-term infants. Our objective was to review the diagnostic accuracy of TcB devices in preterm infants.METHODS:Medline, Embase, Cochrane library, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and Scopus were searched ...
Brockmann Pablo E - - 2013
We aimed to determine reference values for respiratory indices in polygraphies (PGs) performed in infants aged 1 and 3months. Healthy full-term neonates were recruited on the maternity ward. They were followed up by overnight PG at the age of 1month and again at the age of 3months. Indices of respiratory ...
Brik Maia - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the use of cervical Interleukin 6 (IL-6) and phosphorylated Insulin Growth Binding Protein 1 (pIGFBP1), in the prediction of adverse neonatal outcome. Methods: Prospective observational study including women between 24 and 34 weeks of gestation. 112 cervical samples for IL-6 and pIFBP1 were taken. Neonatal outcome ...
Pineda Roberta G - - 2013
To evaluate associations between neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) room type (open ward and private room) and medical outcomes; neurobehavior, electrophysiology, and brain structure at hospital discharge; and developmental outcomes at 2 years of age. In this prospective longitudinal cohort study, we enrolled 136 preterm infants born <30 weeks gestation ...
Mohamed El Rifai Nihal - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To correlate vitamin D level in Egyptian mothers with that of their newborns, and examine risk factors related to maternal vitamin D deficiency. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out at the university teaching hospital in Cairo- Egypt. Serum 25 (OH) D levels were measured by ELISA in ...
Yılmaz Yavuz - - 2013
Abstract Background: Spontaneous intestinal perforation (SIP) is an important surgical emergency in preterm infants. Aims: To evaluate the effect of maternal preeclampsia on development of SIP in premature infants. Study design: Retrospective observational study in a large tertiary neonatal intensive care unit. Subjects: The preterm infants of ≤32 weeks gestational ...
Alexandrou Georgios - - 2013
To investigate whether prematurity per se or perinatal risk factors explain altered brain structure after preterm birth, in extremely preterm (EPT) infants without focal brain lesions. A population-based cohort of 58 EPT infants (gestational age GA <27+0 weeks) was examined with diffusion magnetic resonance imaging at term-equivalent age, and dcompared ...
Matsubara Shigeki - - 2013
Pallasmaa et al. (1) related the cesarean section (CS) rate with maternal and neonatal morbidity in tertiary centers in Finland. It varied from 12.9 to 25.1% (average of 17.2%), but did not correlate with maternal or neonatal morbidity. A recent Japanese study (2) also showed similar results. Analysis of deliveries in ...
Borckink Ilse - - 2013
Nasal continuous airway pressure (NCPAP) has been proposed as an early first-line support for infants with severe respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection. We hypothesized that infants < 6 months with severe RSV would required shorter ventilator support on nCPAP than invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV). Retrospective cohort analysis of infants admitted ...
Akimitsu Osami - - 2013
This study aims to examine the relationship between tyrosine and phenylalanine intake at breakfast as precursors of dopamine,scores on the Torsvall-Akerstedt Diurnal Type Scale and of mental health in Japanese infants aged 2 to 5 years. An integrated questionnaire was administered to parents of 1,367 infants attending one of ten ...
Sezer Rabia Gonul RG Department of Pediatrics, Zeynep Kamil Maternity and Children's Disease Training and Research Hospital, Uskudar 34668, Istanbul, - - 2013
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) have been associated with neonatal lung morbidity and MMP dysregulation contributes to the pathology of chronic and acute lung disorders. Most of the previous studies were performed in the 1(st) weeks of life of the preterm newborns. There are no data on the serum levels of MMP-2, ...
Silva Larissa Paiva LP Universidade Federal do Ceará, Fortaleza, - - 2013
This study had as its objective to analyze the intraclass reliability of the Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS), in the Brazilian version, in preterm and term infants. It was a methodological study, conducted from November 2009 to April 2010, with 50 children receiving care in two public institutions in Fortaleza, ...
Atalar Hakan H Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, Gazi University School of Medicine, Ankara, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine the sensitivity and specificity of plain radiography in the detection of developmental dysplasia of the hip, using hip ultrasonography as a reference standard. A retrospective review was made in 44 infants ranging in age from 4 weeks to 50 weeks (mean age: ...
Nonnweiler Thomas - - 2013
Measuring trends in a county's premature death rate is a straightforward method that can be used to assess a county's progress in improving the health of the population. Age-adjusted premature death rate data from Wisconsin Interactive Statistics on Health for persons less than 75 years of age were collected for ...
Hoo Ah-Fong - - 2013
The impact of birth before 27 completed weeks of gestation on infant pulmonary function (PF) was explored in a multi-ethnic population in comparison to more mature preterm controls (PTC) and healthy fullterm infants. Plethysmographic lung volume (FRCpleth ) and forced expired volume (FEV0.5 ) were obtained at ∼12 months post-term ...
Sohn Jin A - - 2013
Amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG) allows continuous brain function monitoring at bedside. This prospective cohort study was designed to longitudinally evaluate aEEG tracings at increased postmenstrual age (PMA) in preterm infants with intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH). Biweekly aEEG recordings were performed on preterm infants <32weeks gestational age from 24 to 36weeks PMA. The ...
Eriksen Beate Horsberg - - 2013
There is a lack of standardized echocardiographic parameters to quantify ventricular function in newborn infants. Long-axis systolic ventricular shortening is a useful parameter of global ventricular function. Serial assessment of long-axis systolic atrioventricular annulus excursion in premature infants. Two-centre, prospective observational study. Fifty-seven premature infants (26 girls), median (range) gestational ...
Ficial Benjamim B Imperial College and MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, London, United Kingdom; Patologia e Terapia Intensiva Neonatale, Università degli Studi di Verona, Verona, - - 2013
The echocardiographic assessment of circulatory function in sick newborn infants has the potential to improve patient care. However, measurements are prone to error and have not been sufficiently validated. Phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides highly validated measures of blood flow and has recently been applied to the newborn population. ...
Kim Un-Jung - - 2013
The concentrations of tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) and hexabromocyclododecanes (HBCDs), and their correlations with thyroid hormones, were investigated in sera from 26 infants with congenital hypothyroidism, 12 healthy infants, and their mothers. The analyte concentrations were not significantly different in the two infant groups. Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (measured in a previous ...
Maitre N L - - 2013
Objective:Compare neurodevelopment after levetiracetam (LEV) and phenobarbital (PB) for neonatal seizures.Study design:Retrospective study of infants who received antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) for neonatal seizures. Effect of cumulative exposure to LEV and PB on outcomes of death, cerebral palsy (CP) and Bayley Scales of Infant Development (BSID) scores were evaluated at 24 ...
Brooks Jada L - - 2013
The interactive behaviors of 17 American Indian mothers and their premature infants and selected maternal and infant factors affecting those behaviors were measured using naturalistic observation and the Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment (HOME) Inventory at 3, 6, and 12 months corrected infant age. The frequency of some ...
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