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Results 301 - 350 of 1241
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Welch C - - 2013
Objective:Infants born at extremely low gestational ages are at high risk for developmental impairments. Early predictors of these impairments are useful for both clinicians and researchers. Our objective was to assess the correlation between the rate of brain wave maturation as measured by serial amplitude-integrated electroencephalograms (aEEGs) and scores on ...
Khanna Mansi - - 2013
Up to a third of ex-preterm infants flying near term exhibit pulse oxygen saturation (SpO2) of less than 85% during air travel. A hypoxia challenge test (HCT) is recommended to evaluate the requirement for in-flight supplemental O2. The validity of the HCT in healthy, term infants has not been reported. ...
Lapillonne Alexandre - - 2013
Bronchiolitis is a distressing respiratory condition and the most common cause of hospitalization during the first year of life. The hospitalization of an infant is a stressful event for parents and deserves careful consideration. The objective of this work was to develop and validate a self-administered instrument that comprehensively assesses ...
Tsao Lon-Yen - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of a novel commercial glucose-oxidase (GO)-based glucometer in measuring glucose concentrations in arterial blood samples collected from premature infants. A commercial glucometer, which is a plasma separation GO-based glucometer, was employed to compare the accuracy of the commercial blood glucometer ...
Jain Viral G - - 2013
Are the anogenital distance (AGD) and stretched penile length (SPL) shorter in human newborn males with cryptorchidism? AGD is significantly shorter in boys with undescended testis (UDT) and this correlation may indicate that both have a common antecedent early in gestation. Animal studies have reported a critical time period during ...
Luthra Gauri - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To compare the uterine incision-to-delivery interval and neonatal and maternal complications in vertical versus transverse uterine incisions in preterm cesarean births. Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study of singleton cesarean deliveries from 2002 to 2009 between 23 and 34 weeks of gestation. Statistical analysis utilized Wilcoxon rank-sum ...
Joosen Katharina J - - 2013
Physiological reactivity to repeated infant crying was examined as a predictor of risk for harsh discipline use with 12-month-olds in a longitudinal study with 48 low-income mother-infant dyads. Physiological reactivity was measured while mothers listened to three blocks of infant cry sounds in a standard cry paradigm when their infants ...
Mason Lisa Reyes - - 2013
To compare infant race/ethnicity based on birth certificates with parent report of infant race/ethnicity in a survey. The 2007 Oklahoma birth certificates and SEED for Oklahoma Kids baseline survey. Using sensitivity scores and positive predictive values, we examined consistency of infant race/ethnicity across two data sources (N = 2,663). We compared conventional ...
Mesman Judi - - 2013
In the present study we examined key issues regarding infant behavior in the still-face paradigm (SFP) in terms of individual variations, stability, and predictors. The sample consisted of 115 mothers and infants, with assessments at ages 3 and 6 months, including observations of maternal and infant behavior in the SFP, ...
Hekman Kimberly A - - 2013
Neonatal withdrawal syndrome, which is associated most frequently with opioid use in pregnancy, is an emerging public health concern, with recent studies documenting an increase in the rate of U.S. infants diagnosed. This study examined neonatal withdrawal syndrome diagnosis among Michigan infants from 2000 to 2009 and hospital length of ...
Yin Huaying - - 2013
Abstract Background: Reliable measurements of infants obtained from routine clinical practice are scarce. Aim: To investigate the reliability of anthropometric measurements collected in routine clinical practice at primary care hospitals in Chongqing, PR China. Subjects and methods: The convenience sample comprised measurements from 739 infants aged <36 months. Using typical ...
Muthu M S - - 2013
Oral examination of an infant forms an important first step toward a lifetime of excellent oral health. Examining an infant during the first visit and the subsequent preventive examination visits may be challenging to dentists and pediatric dentists. There are few concerns regarding the effective oral examination using the traditional ...
Moher Mariko - - 2013
Remembering persisting objects over occlusion is critical to representing a stable environment. Infants remember hidden objects at multiple locations and can update their representation of a hidden array when an object is added or subtracted. However, the factors influencing these updating abilities have received little systematic exploration. Here we examined ...
Cohen Gregory - - 2013
To address the difficult and necessity of early detection of sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome in infants, we present a study into the effectiveness of pulse oximetry as a minimally invasive means of automated diagnosis of sleep apnea in infants. Overnight polysomnogram data from 328 infants were used to extract time-domain ...
Das N - - 2013
There are many wrong practices and perceptions of Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) prevalent among different socio-demographic groups. To observe IYCF perceptions and practices among mothers in a rural area of West Bengal. Clinic-based cross-sectional descriptive study by interviewing mothers of 0-23 month old children. Appropriate response to each ...
Jirapinyo Pipop - - 2013
To study the association between analfissures and cow's milk allergy (CMA) in infants. METHODS AND METHOD: In a prospective study, 72 confirmed cases of CMA in infants were examined for anal fissure by pediatricians with five years' experience. A positive finding was defined as when an anal fissure was detected ...
Naoko Ota - - 2013
Skin barrier function changes rapidly during the first year of life in infants. Measuring skin barrier function in infants is difficult because of the burden on patients and their parents or guardians. A simple method for assessing barrier function in infants that can be performed quickly and would enable swift ...
Dawson Ja - - 2013
To compare heart rate (HR) measurements from Masimo and Nellcor pulse oximeters (POs) against HR measured via a three lead electrocardiograph (ECG) (HRECG ). We also compared peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO2 ) measurements between Nellcor and Masimo oximeters. Term infants born via elective caesarean section were studied. ECG leads were ...
Benito Javier J Pediatric Emergency Department, Department of Pediatrics, Cruces University Hospital, Plaza de Cruces s/n, E-48903 Barakaldo, Bilbao, Bizkaia, Basque Country, Spain, - - 2013
The study was performed to assess the usefulness of two new biomarkers, midregional pro-adrenomedullin (MR-pro-ADM) and C-pro-endothelin-1 (CT-pro-ET-1), in predicting bacterial infection (BI) and especially invasive bacterial infection (IBI) in well-appearing infants with fever without source (FWS). For this purpose, a multicenter prospective study was conducted between February 2008 and ...
Wolke Dieter - - 2013
To investigate whether there are differences in attachment security and disorganisation between very preterm or very low birthweight (VP/VLBW) (<32 weeks gestation or <1500 g birthweight) and full-term infants (37-42 weeks gestation) and whether the pathways to disorganised attachment differ between VP/VLBW and full-term infants. The sample with complete longitudinal ...
Christl Bettina - - 2013
This study aims to investigate the (1) pattern of psychosocial risk factors among mothers of unsettled infants, (2) the relationship between these risk factors and current mental health status and (3) acceptability of psychosocial risk assessment in the parentcraft setting. Women with unsettled infants aged up to 12 months were assessed ...
Choi Arum - - 2013
Commercially available milk analysers were originally developed for use in the dairy industry, but they are now used to analyse macronutrient content of breast milk in clinical studies and routine care of the premature or very low birthweight (VLBW) infants. Due to the different composition of cow and breast milk, ...
Neubauer Vera - - 2013
AIM: To examine the association between neurodevelopmental outcome and head circumference (HC) in a cohort of very preterm infants and in this context to investigate the relevance of suboptimal head size. METHODS: Somatometric data were obtained at birth, discharge and 3, 12 and 24 months for all infants born in ...
Stern Georgette G Pediatric Respiratory Medicine, Inselspital, University of Bern, Bern, - - 2013
There is increasing evidence that short-term exposure to air pollution has a detrimental effect on respiratory health, but data from healthy populations, particularly infants, are scarce. To assess the association of air pollution with frequency and severity of respiratory symptoms and infections measured weekly in healthy infants. In a prospective ...
Skjerven Håvard Ove HO Department of Pediatrics, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, - - 2013
Acute bronchiolitis in infants frequently results in hospitalization, but there is no established consensus on inhalation therapy--either the type of medication or the frequency of administration--that may be of value. We aimed to assess the effectiveness of inhaled racemic adrenaline as compared with inhaled saline and the strategy for frequency ...
Hutchison Amanda K - - 2013
Objective: When behavioral problems resulting from attentional difficulties present, often in preschool, it is unknown whether these problems represent preexisting altered brain development or new brain changes. This study examines whether infant sensory gating of auditory evoked potentials predicts parent-reported behavior at 40 months. Method: P50 sensory gating, an auditory ...
Markant Julie - - 2013
Early selective attention skills are a crucial building block for cognitive development, as attention orienting serves as a primary means by which infants interact with and learn from the environment. Although several studies have examined infants' attention orienting using the spatial cueing task, relatively few studies have examined neurodevelopmental factors ...
Samra Haifa A - - 2013
: Risk of adverse outcome in late-preterm infants (born between 34 and 36 weeks and 6 days' gestation) is heightened for those living in geographic isolation (GI). We examined the relationships between GI and several mother and infant outcomes. : This was a tricenter cross-sectional study of 38 English-speaking late-preterm ...
Edmonds Liza - - 2013
To investigate the survival of non-syndromic live born infants diagnosed in Northern Queensland with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Case note audit was completed of all live born newborns with a diagnosis of CDH admitted between February 1987 and December 2010. Demographic and clinical data were extracted. Overall survival to time ...
Park Hye Won - - 2013
The aims of this study were to investigate whether early arterial blood gas analysis (ABGA) could define the severity of disease in infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). We conducted a retrospective study over a 21-yr period of infants diagnosed with CDH. Outcomes were defined as death before discharge, and ...
Hemmati Fariba - - 2013
The gold standard to assess jaundice in neonates is the serum bilirubin measurement. Blood sampling for the determination of total serum bilirubin (TSB) is painful for newborns and stressful for parents. The Bilicheck®, a new transcutaneous bilirubinometer, is considered as a more accurate measurement of bilirubin compared to the previous ...
Lemmers Petra Ma - - 2013
Background:Hypothermia is an established therapy in term neonates to reduce death and disability after perinatal asphyxia. Near infrared spectroscopy-monitored cerebral oxygen saturation (rScO2) and amplitude-integrated EEG (aEEG) have been shown to be early predictors of long-term neurodevelopmental outcome. Aim of this study was to investigate prognostic value of rScO2 and ...
Nakayama Hiroko - - 2013
This study examined the affect of infants just before the onset of crying and just after crying stopped. Two infants (between 7 and 14 months old) were observed longitudinally. In total, 102 crying episodes were analyzed. The infants displayed negative affect almost always just before starting to cry and soon ...
Rosenfeld Margaret - - 2013
The optimal strategy for monitoring cystic fibrosis (CF) lung disease in infancy remains unclear. Objective: To describe longitudinal associations between infant pulmonary function tests (iPFTs), chest radiograph (CXR) scores and other characteristics. Methods: CF patients ≤24 months old were enrolled in a 10-center study evaluating iPFTs 4 times over a ...
Horn Alan R - - 2013
AIM: There is a need to identify infants with hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy who have a poor outcome despite therapeutic hypothermia. A severely abnormal amplitude-integrated electroencephalogram at 48 hours predicts death or disability. Our aim was to determine if clinical assessment at age 3-5 hours predicts severely abnormal amplitude-integrated electroencephalogram at ...
Mastrangelo Massimo - - 2013
PURPOSE: To evaluate amplitude-integrated EEG (aEEG) in comparison with conventional (cEEG) for the identification of electrographic seizures in neonates with acute neonatal encephalopathies. METHODS: Thirty-one conventional cEEG/aEEG long-term recordings from twenty-eight newborns were reviewed in order to assess the electrographic seizure detection rate and recurrence in newborns. Two paediatric neurologists ...
Kaczmarek Jennifer - - 2013
Background: Mechanical ventilation (MV) is associated with changes in autonomic nervous system activity in preterm infants, which can be assessed by measurements of heart rate variability (HRV). Decreased HRV has been described in adults undergoing disconnection from MV; such information is not available in preterm infants. Objective: To compare differences ...
Müller Jörg M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The Parent-Infant Relationship Global Assessment Scale (PIR-GAS) signifies a conceptually relevant development in the multi-axial, developmentally sensitive classification system DC:0-3R for preschool children. However, information about the reliability and validity of the PIR-GAS is rare. A review of the available empirical studies suggests that in research, PIR-GAS ratings can ...
Kanmaz H Gozde - - 2013
OBJECTIVE/AIM: The present investigation was designed to study the effect of blood transfusion on cardiac output and perfusion index. The aim was to demonstrate a relationship between hematocrit, lactate, cardiac output and perfusion index in anemic preterm infants and to investigate significant changes in these parameters induced by RBC transfusion. ...
Ball Gareth G Centre for the Developing Brain, St. Thomas' Hospital, King's College London, London, SE1 7EH, United - - 2013
Cortical maturation was studied in 65 infants between 27 and 46 wk postconception using structural and diffusion magnetic resonance imaging. Alterations in neural structure and complexity were inferred from changes in mean diffusivity and fractional anisotropy, analyzed by sampling regions of interest and also by a unique whole-cortex mapping approach. ...
Qureshi Adnan I - - 2013
Object Despite the recognition of racial or ethnic differences in preterm gestation, such differences in the rate of intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), frequently associated with preterm gestation, are not well studied. The authors performed the current study to identify racial or ethnic differences in the incidence of IVH-related mortality within the ...
Steggerda Sylke J - - 2013
The objective of the study is to determine perinatal and postnatal factors that may affect the occurrence of small cerebellar hemorrhage (CBH) and to evaluate the effect of small CBH on neurodevelopmental outcome in very preterm infants. This prospective study in an unselected cohort of very preterm infants was approved ...
Radesky Jenny S - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:To quantify the extent to which maternal report of inconsolable infant crying, rather than colic (defined by Wessel's criteria of daily duration of fussing and crying >3 hours), is associated with maternal postpartum depressive symptoms.METHODS:Participants were 587 mothers who were recruited shortly before or after delivery and followed longitudinally. At ...
Gogate Lakshmi J - - 2013
Maternal naming of object wholes versus parts was examined during interactive free-play. Forty-two Caucasian- and Hispanic-American mothers and their preverbal infants of 6-8 months were video-taped interacting naturally during toy play. For the purpose of fine-grained analyses, maternal naming of object wholes versus parts were coded for bimodal naming (e.g., ...
Stein H - - 2013
Objective:The electrical activity of the diaphragm (Edi) reflects neural respiratory drive. Edi peak correlates with inspiratory drive and Edi minimum (Edi min) correlates with the tonic activity of the diaphragm. Edi data in non-ventilated preterm neonates have not been determined.The primary aim of this study was to determine Edi values ...
Siavoshi Farideh - - 2013
Oral cavity has been proposed as an important reservoir of H.pylori, being implicated in bacterial transmission through oral-oral route. However, some investigators believe that the newborn acquires H.pylori from mother through vaginal delivery. In this study, oral and vaginal yeasts were examined for the intracellular occurrence of H.pylori and their ...
Bosanquet Margot - - 2013
This systematic review evaluates the accuracy of predictive assessments and investigations used to assist in the diagnosis of cerebral palsy (CP) in preschool-age children (<5y). Six databases were searched for studies that included a diagnosis of CP validated after 2 years of age. The validity of the studies meeting the criteria ...
Harsløf Laurine Bs - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Infant docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) status is supported by the DHA content of breast milk and thus can decrease once complementary feeding begins. Furthermore, it is unclear to what extent endogenous DHA synthesis contributes to status. OBJECTIVE: We investigated several determinants, including FADS genotypes on DHA status at 9 mo ...
Greene Michelle M - - 2013
This study investigates the Third Edition of the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development (Bayley-III) and (1) mean difference scores, (2) test-retest correlation coefficients, (3) changes in rates of delay and classification from "delayed" to "not delayed," and (4) infant birth, neonatal and sociodemographic predictors of change in scores ...
Alzolibani Abdullateef A - - 2013
To create and validate an Arabic version of the Infants' Dermatitis Quality of Life Index (IDQoL), and to evaluate its reliability and validity in Saudi infants with atopic dermatitis (AD) of various grades of severity. This is a study involving a validation of a newly developed Arabic version of the ...
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