Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1394
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Alderliesten Thomas T Department of Neonatology, Wilhelmina Children's Hospital/University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare neurodevelopmental outcome, mean arterial blood pressure (MABP), and regional cerebral oxygenation (rSco2) between preterm neonates treated for hypotension and controls. Preterm neonates (N = 66) with a gestational age (GA) ≤32 weeks, without a patent ductus arteriosus, treated for hypotension (dopamine ≥5 μg/kg/min) were included. Neonates were matched to controls for GA, ...
Karen Tanja - - 2014
Newborns delivered by vacuum extraction quite often show clinical signs of a hemodynamic compromise, which is difficult to assess in terms of severity. The conventional means to measure the hemodynamic status are not sensitive enough to appreciate the severity of general, and more specifically of cerebral circulatory imbalance. The aim ...
Zhang Hua H Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Beijing Youan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, - - 2014
Little observational data exist describing telbivudine (LdT) or lamivudine (LAM) use in late pregnancy for preventing hepatitis B mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) in real-world settings. During the period of January 2009 to March 2011, we enrolled hepatitis B e antigen-positive mothers with HBV DNA >6 log10 copies/mL in China. At gestation ...
Boucher Olivier O Centre de Recherche du CHUQ, Québec, Québec, Canada; Département de psychologie, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Québec, - - 2014
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), methylmercury (MeHg), and lead (Pb) are environmental contaminants known for their adverse effects on cognitive development. This study examined the effects of prenatal exposure to PCBs, MeHg, and Pb on cognitive development in a sample of Inuit infants from Arctic Québec. Mothers were recruited at local prenatal ...
Gergely Mihály M Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Therapy, Gottsegen György Hungarian Institute of Cardiology, Budapest, - - 2014
Monitoring and preserving adequate perfusion and oxygen balance is a primary objective of critical care. This prospective observational study aimed to assess the relationship between global haemodynamic parameters and variables reflecting tissue oxygenation during the early period following corrective cardiac surgery in neonates and infants. The postoperative time course of ...
Medeiros Patrícia B V PB Department of Dentistry, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Brasília, Brasília, - - 2014
The baby oral health program (bOHP) provides pregnant women and their future babies with oral care. To assess the bOHP effectiveness by comparing caries prevalence in infants enrolled and not enrolled in the oral health program (OHP). Mothers who had been invited to participate in the bOHP from 2006 to ...
Pergialiotis Vasileios V 1st Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Athens University, Medical School, Alexandra Hospital, 80, Vasilisis Sofias Avenue, Greece. Electronic address: - - 2014
The rates of cesarean section at full cervical dilatation (second stage cesarean sections) are currently increasing. The purpose of the present study is to compare maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality among cases offered cesarean section at full dilatation to those offered cesarean section prior to full dilatation. We searched ...
Selvaggi Carla C Pasteur Institute-Cenci Bolognetti Foundation, Department of Molecular Medicine, Laboratory of Virology, Sapienza University of - - 2014
The airway expression of type III interferons (IFNs) was evaluated in infants hospitalized for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) or rhinovirus (HRV) bronchiolitis. As an additional objective we sought to determine whether a different expression of IFN lambda 1-3 was associated with different harboring viruses, the clinical course of bronchiolitis or ...
Tran Thach Duc TD Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, The University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010, Australia; Jean Hailes Research Unit, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Victoria 3168, Australia; Research and Training Centre for Community Development, Hanoi, Vietnam. Electronic address: - - 2014
Little is known about the effect of common mental disorders (CMD) among women in the perinatal period on infant development in low-income countries. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of exposures to maternal symptoms of ante- and post-natal CMD on infant social-emotional development in a low-income ...
Alam Nurul N Centre for Population, Urbanization and Climate Change, ICDDR,B, Dhaka, - - 2014
In the absence of reliable systems for registering rare types of vital events large surveys are required to measure changes in their rates. However some events such as maternal deaths are widely known about in the community. This study examined the utility of asking respondents about events in their neighbourhood ...
Al Juaid Daifellah A M - - 2014
Breastfeeding is viewed as the optimal method of infant feeding that provides many benefits to both the infant and the mother. The monitoring and reporting of breastfeeding indicators are essential for any country to plan and implement effective promotion programs for sustainable breastfeeding. The aim of this review is to ...
Kaur Supreet S Center for Perinatal Research, The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio, United States of - - 2014
Premature infants exhibit widespread insults and delays in white matter maturation that can be sensitively detected early using diffusion tensor imaging. Diffusion tensor tractography facilitates in vivo visualization of white matter tracts and has the potential to be more sensitive than simpler two-dimensional DTI-based measures. However, the reliability and reproducibility ...
Coret Catherine D CD Johnson & Johnson Consumer Companies, Inc, Skillman, NJ, - - 2014
To evaluate the tolerance of baby skin-care products with at least 95% naturally derived ingredients on infants and toddlers. Healthy, full-term infants and toddlers aged 1-36 months were enrolled. In study 1, a lightly fragranced natural baby hair and body wash (n=30), a lightly fragranced natural baby shampoo (n=30), or ...
Bélanger-Lévesque Marie-Noëlle MN Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Québec, - - 2014
Maternal satisfaction during the birthing process has been well documented, whereas little is known about the fathers' birth experiences. Our objective was to evaluate and compare the birth satisfaction of mothers and fathers. Comparative cross-sectional study. Number of participating centres: one level III maternity centre (2813 births in 2011) in ...
Wan Ming Wai MW Centre for Women's Mental Health, Institute of Brain, Behaviour and Mental Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, United - - 2014
Accumulating evidence suggests that mothers show a different pattern of brain responses when viewing their own compared to other infants. However, there is inconsistency across functional imaging studies regarding the key areas involved, and none have examined relationships between brain and behavioural responses to infants. We examined the brain regions ...
Westmark Cara J CJ Department of Neurology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of - - 2014
Seizures are a common phenotype in many neurodevelopmental disorders including fragile X syndrome, Down syndrome and autism. We hypothesized that phytoestrogens in soy-based infant formula were contributing to lower seizure threshold in these disorders. Herein, we evaluated the dependence of seizure incidence on infant formula in a population of autistic ...
Ardissone Alexandria N AN Department of Microbiology and Cell Science, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of - - 2014
Preterm birth is the second leading cause of death in children under the age of five years worldwide, but the etiology of many cases remains enigmatic. The dogma that the fetus resides in a sterile environment is being challenged by recent findings and the question has arisen whether microbes that ...
Yamashita Wakayo W Department of Information Science and Biomedical Engineering, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima, - - 2014
This study examined infants' visual perception of three-dimensional common objects. It has been reported that human adults perceive object images in a view-dependent manner: three-quarter views are often preferred to other views, and the sensitivity to object orientation is lower for three-quarter views than for other views. We tested whether ...
Kabir Alamgir A Department of Statistics, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh; International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b), Dhaka, - - 2014
This analysis was conducted to explore the association between 5 birth size measurements (weight, length and head, chest and mid-upper arm [MUAC] circumferences) as dependent variables and 10 maternal factors as independent variables using canonical correlation analysis (CCA). CCA considers simultaneously sets of dependent and independent variables and, thus, generates ...
Missana Manuela M Early Social Development Group, Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, - - 2014
We examined the processing of facial expressions of pain and anger in 8-month-old infants and adults by measuring event-related brain potentials (ERPs) and frontal EEG alpha asymmetry. The ERP results revealed that while adults showed a late positive potential (LPP) to emotional expressions that was enhanced to pain expressions, reflecting ...
Sato Miki M Faculty of Nursing and Medical Care, Keio - - 2014
Objectives The factors associated with loneliness in adults and elderly people have been revealed in previous studies. However, much less is known about these factors for mothers with infants. This article investigates the individual and environmental factors associated with loneliness among mothers with 4-month-old or 18-month-old infants in an urban area ...
Dewitte Sharon N SN Department of Anthropology, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina, United States of - - 2014
The medieval Black Death (c. 1347-1351) was one of the most devastating epidemics in human history. It killed tens of millions of Europeans, and recent analyses have shown that the disease targeted elderly adults and individuals who had been previously exposed to physiological stressors. Following the epidemic, there were improvements ...
Duong H Hanh HH Department of Pediatrics, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, - - 2014
To examine rates, trends, predictive risk factors, and outcomes associated with pneumothorax in neonates. Retrospective analyses were used to estimate rates and assess trends in pneumothorax among early preterm (GA <32 weeks), moderate-late preterm (GA 32-36), and term (GA ≥37 weeks) neonates admitted to neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) participating ...
Ecevit Ayşe A Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Başkent University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey. - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between neonatal mortality-morbidity and pregnancies with preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM), particularly those complicated by histologic chorioamnionitis (HCA), in preterm infants. A retrospective study was conducted on 58 preterm neonates born to 46 pregnant women with PPROM. Maternal characteristics, ...
Gervain Judit J Laboratoire Psychologie de la Perception, CNRS, Paris, France; Université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, - - 2014
Increasing evidence suggests that the natural world has a special status for our sensory and cognitive functioning. The mammalian sensory system is hypothesized to have evolved to encode natural signals in an efficient manner. Exposure to natural stimuli, but not to artificial ones, improves learning and cognitive function. Scale-invariance, the ...
Noel-Weiss Joy J School of Nursing, University of Ottawa, 451 Smyth RGN3051, K1H 8 M5, Ottawa, ON, - - 2014
Infant feeding categories, often referred to as breastfeeding definitions, form the basis to describe infant feeding patterns; especially, breastfeeding duration and degree of breastfeeding exclusivity. Researchers use a variety of algorithms and no validated tool exists to measure feeding patterns for research purposes. The goal of this research project was ...
Shevlin Mark M School of Psychology and Psychology Research Institute, University of Ulster at Magee, Londonderry, Northern - - 2014
Based on Bowlby's attachment theory, Bartholomew proposed a four-category attachment typology by which individuals judged themselves and adult relationships. This explanatory model has since been used to help explain the risk of psychiatric comorbidity. The current study aimed to identify attachment typologies based on Bartholomew's attachment styles in a sample ...
Brown Nisha - - 2014
Neurobehavioral examinations of babies, both term and preterm, have been used in neonatology for many decades. However, with the advent of new technologies and, perhaps more "scientific" ways of assessing high risk infants, it seems that neurobehavioral examinations may have become somewhat redundant in some nurseries. Yet these examinations remain ...
Modrzejewska Monika M Department of Ophthalmology, Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin, Poland. - - 2014
Case study reports for the first time about development of massive iris neovascular complication in course of retinopathy of prematurity related to systemic and ocular ischemic syndrome due to tracheostomy-requiring extremely severe premature respiratory failure. Premature female, 950 grams birth weight, born from 17-year-old gravida 1, at 28 weeks' gestation ...
Flensborg-Madsen Trine T Unit of Medical Psychology, Institute of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, - - 2014
Although research into the continuity and change of personality traits during a lifespan has been fairly extensive, little research has been conducted on childhood predictors of adult personality. We aimed to investigate the association between infant socioeconomic status (SES), and Eysenck personality traits in adulthood. An additional aim was to ...
Eutrope Julien J CHU Reims, Hôpital Robert Debré, Structure interne de Psychothérapie de l'Enfant et de l'Adolescent, Reims, F-51092, - - 2014
This current study has been conducted to clarify the relationship between the mother's post-traumatic reaction triggered by premature birth and the mother-infant interactions. In this article, the precocious maternal feelings are described. A multicenter prospective study was performed in three French hospitals. 100 dyads with 100 very premature infants and ...
Allin Benjamin B National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom; Department of Paediatric Surgery, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust, Oxford, United - - 2014
We aimed to provide a contemporaneous assessment of outcomes at one-year post oesophageal atresia/tracheoesophageal fistula (OA-TOF) repair, focussing particularly on post-operative complications. It is generally accepted that oesophageal stricture is the most common complication and causes significant morbidity. We also aimed to assess the efficacy of prophylactic anti-reflux medication (PARM) ...
Terada Kayoko K Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Japanese Red Cross Katsushika Maternity - - 2014
The present study examined the relation between the timing of elective cesarean delivery at term and neonatal respiratory outcomes at our institution. From 2005 through 2013, 1,951 elective cesarean singleton deliveries were performed at term. Of the neonates, 141 (7%) had respiratory disorders requiring oxygen supplementation. In comparison to the ...
Karkee Rajendra R School of Public Health and Community Medicine, BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, - - 2014
Infant feeding is governed by environmental as well as cultural factors. Breastfeeding knowledge and attitudes are known to be associated with breastfeeding duration. This study investigated breastfeeding information, attitudes and supplementary feeding in the central hills district of Nepal. A community-based prospective cohort study of 701 pregnant women was conducted. ...
Jaber Lutfi L Neurology and Child Development Clinic, Schneider Children's Medical Center of Israel, Petah Tikva, Israel The Bridge to Peace Community Pediatric Center, Taibe, Israel Clalit Health Services, Sharon-Shomron District, Israel Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, - - 2014
Iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) is a common nutritional problem. To determine the effect of nutritional education and supplemental iron administration on the prevalence of IDA in Arab infants. Three hundred and ten infants were randomized alternately into two groups. Mothers (n = 143) in the control group received standard information ...
Voskamp Bart Jan BJ 0000-0003-4307-9444 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Room H4-232, Meibergdreef 9, Academic Medical Center, 1105 AZ Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Objective. To compare birth weight ratio and birth weight percentile to express infant weight when assessing pregnancy outcome. Study Design. We performed a national cohort study. Birth weight ratio was calculated as the observed birth weight divided by the median birth weight for gestational age. The discriminative ability of birth ...
Slaughter Jonathan L JL The Department of Pediatrics, The Ohio State University College of Medicine and Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio, United States of America; Center for Perinatal Research, The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio, United States of - - 2014
To determine demographic and clinical variables associated with inhaled corticosteroid administration and to evaluate between-hospital variation in inhaled steroid use for infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Retrospective Cohort Study. Neonatal units of 35 US children's hospitals; as recorded in the Pediatric Health Information System (PHIS) database. 1429 infants with evolving ...
Thornton Kimberly M KM Department of Neonatology, Children's Mercy Hospital, 2401 Gillham Road, Kansas City, MO 64108, USA ; School of Medicine, University of Missouri-Kansas City, 2401 Gillham Road, Kansas City, MO 64108, - - 2014
Objective. This retrospective cohort study evaluated the effects of whole body therapeutic hypothermia (WBTH) on gastrointestinal (GI) morbidity and feeding tolerance in infants with moderate-to-severe hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). Study Design. Infants ≥ 35 weeks gestational age and ≥1800 grams birth weight with moderate-to-severe HIE treated from 2000 to 2012 ...
Xie Li-Hua LH Hunan Children's Hospital, Changsha 410007, - - 2014
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) with nasal devices (nCPAP) is widely used in the respiratory management of newborns. The present study aimed to compare the incidence of nasal trauma secondary to nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) protected with or without hydrocolloid dressing in preterm infants. This prospective controlled study ...
Xie Yao Jie YJ http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9289-4985 Department of Sports Science and Physical Education, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, - - 2014
To investigate the association between birth weight and blood pressure (BP) and to determine the effect of body size change from birth to adulthood on BP. A cross-sectional design to collect retrospective data. 1253 female nurses aged 35-65 years in Hong Kong. Birth weight, height, weight, BP, waist circumference, demographics and ...
Meng Xianwei X Graduate School of Human-Environment Studies, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, - - 2014
Inferring the epistemic states of others is considered to be an essential requirement for humans to communicate; however, the developmental trajectory of this ability is unclear. The aim of the current study was to determine developmental trends in this ability by using pointing behavior as a dependent measure. Infants aged ...
Djeddi Djamal D Neonatal Respiratory Research Unit, Departments of Pediatrics and Physiology, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada; Pediatric Department, Amiens University Medical Center, Amiens, - - 2014
Using esophageal pHmetry, nasal CPAP (nCPAP) has been shown to decrease acid gastroesophageal reflux (GER) in adult humans. Although both GER (mainly non-acid) and nCPAP use are very frequent in newborns, the effect of nCPAP on GER in early life is unknown. Having recently shown that the newborn lamb is ...
Ghoneim Nada N Section of Neonatology, Texas Children's Hospital, Division of Pediatric Surgery, Michael E. DeBakey Department of Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, United States of - - 2014
Enteral formula feeding is a risk factor for necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in premature infants, yet studies are conflicting regarding the safest timing for introduction and advancement of feeds. Our aim was to test the effects of early vs. late initiation and abrupt vs. gradual advancement of enteral feeding of an ...
Yates Charlotte C CC Department of Physical Therapy (Drs Yates, Booth, and Lowe), University of Central Arkansas, Conway, Arkansas; Center for Translational Neuroscience (Drs Yates and Hall), University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Conway, Arkansas; College of Nursing (Dr Mitchell), Department of Biostatistics (Dr Williams), and Department of Pediatrics and Neonatology (Dr Hall), College of Medicine, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine whether massage therapy can be used as an adjunct intervention to induce sleep in infants born preterm. Thirty infants born at a minimum of 28 weeks gestational age, who were at the time of the study between 32 and 48 weeks adjusted ...
Brunelli Rebecca L RL Brain, Mind and Behavior Unit, California National Primate Research Center, Davis, California, USA; Animal Behavior Graduate Group, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, Davis, California, USA. - - 2014
Nursery-reared infants have several behavioral and physiologic differences from their mother-reared counterparts. We investigated whether a response-contingent surrogate mitigated some of those differences by decreasing fearfulness and partner-clinging and increasing environmental exploration in nursery-reared infants continuously paired with a peer. Six nursery-reared infant rhesus macaques (in pairs) were given a ...
Morgillo Davide D Neonatal and Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Children's Hospital of Lucerne, - - 2014
To determine the impact of a pro-active treatment approach on outcome of extremely low gestational age neonates (ELGANs; gestational age [GA] <28 weeks) born at the perinatal centre of Lucerne, Switzerland. We assessed rates of survival, severe neonatal morbidity and neuro-developmental impairment (NDI) of all ELGANs born alive and treated ...
Maastrup Ragnhild R Knowledge Centre for Breastfeeding Infants with Special Needs at Department of Neonatology, Copenhagen University Hospital Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark; Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Lund, Sweden; Danish National Panel of Experts on Breastfeeding Infants with Special Needs, Copenhagen, - - 2014
Many preterm infants are not capable of exclusive breastfeeding from birth. To guide mothers in breastfeeding, it is important to know when preterm infants can initiate breastfeeding and progress. The aim was to analyse postmenstrual age (PMA) at breastfeeding milestones in different preterm gestational age (GA) groups, to describe rates ...
Amat Flore F Pediatric Emergency Department, CHU-Estaing, Clermont-Ferrand, - - 2013
Krebs von den Lungen 6 antigen (KL-6) has been shown to be a useful biomarker of the severity of Respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis. To assess the correlation between the clinical severity of acute bronchiolitis, serum KL-6, and the causative viruses, 222 infants with acute bronchiolitis presenting at the Pediatric Emergency ...
Völkel Wolfgang W Department of Chemical Safety and Toxicology, Bavarian Health and Food Safety Authority, Pfarrstrasse 3, D-80538 Munich, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2013
Urine samples (n=207) of 47 infants between 1- and 5-month of age were quantitated for 12 metabolites of 7 phthalates and compared with samples collected from the mothers of the infants at different time points. Median and 95-percentile were lower for all metabolites in urine samples of infants compared to ...
Leite Maria Efigênia - - 2013
Effects of palm olein (POL) on calcium and fat metabolic balance and gastrointestinal (GI) tolerance have been clinically evaluated but its use in combination with palm kernel oil (PKO), and canola oil has not been similarly assessed in infants. Calcium and fat balance and GI tolerance were evaluated in 33 ...
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