Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1196
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Radesky Jenny S - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:To quantify the extent to which maternal report of inconsolable infant crying, rather than colic (defined by Wessel's criteria of daily duration of fussing and crying >3 hours), is associated with maternal postpartum depressive symptoms.METHODS:Participants were 587 mothers who were recruited shortly before or after delivery and followed longitudinally. At ...
Gogate Lakshmi J - - 2013
Maternal naming of object wholes versus parts was examined during interactive free-play. Forty-two Caucasian- and Hispanic-American mothers and their preverbal infants of 6-8 months were video-taped interacting naturally during toy play. For the purpose of fine-grained analyses, maternal naming of object wholes versus parts were coded for bimodal naming (e.g., ...
Stein H - - 2013
Objective:The electrical activity of the diaphragm (Edi) reflects neural respiratory drive. Edi peak correlates with inspiratory drive and Edi minimum (Edi min) correlates with the tonic activity of the diaphragm. Edi data in non-ventilated preterm neonates have not been determined.The primary aim of this study was to determine Edi values ...
Siavoshi Farideh - - 2013
Oral cavity has been proposed as an important reservoir of H.pylori, being implicated in bacterial transmission through oral-oral route. However, some investigators believe that the newborn acquires H.pylori from mother through vaginal delivery. In this study, oral and vaginal yeasts were examined for the intracellular occurrence of H.pylori and their ...
Bosanquet Margot - - 2013
This systematic review evaluates the accuracy of predictive assessments and investigations used to assist in the diagnosis of cerebral palsy (CP) in preschool-age children (<5y). Six databases were searched for studies that included a diagnosis of CP validated after 2 years of age. The validity of the studies meeting the criteria ...
Harsløf Laurine Bs - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Infant docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) status is supported by the DHA content of breast milk and thus can decrease once complementary feeding begins. Furthermore, it is unclear to what extent endogenous DHA synthesis contributes to status. OBJECTIVE: We investigated several determinants, including FADS genotypes on DHA status at 9 mo ...
Greene Michelle M - - 2013
This study investigates the Third Edition of the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development (Bayley-III) and (1) mean difference scores, (2) test-retest correlation coefficients, (3) changes in rates of delay and classification from "delayed" to "not delayed," and (4) infant birth, neonatal and sociodemographic predictors of change in scores ...
Alzolibani Abdullateef A - - 2013
To create and validate an Arabic version of the Infants' Dermatitis Quality of Life Index (IDQoL), and to evaluate its reliability and validity in Saudi infants with atopic dermatitis (AD) of various grades of severity. This is a study involving a validation of a newly developed Arabic version of the ...
Lv Chuan - - 2013
It was hard to achieve primary repair for infants with broad bilateral complete cleft palate, and usually multiple procedures are demanded, resulting in multiple injuries and scar hyperplasia, which could influence infants' long-term phonetic function. In this study, primary repair was carried out on 12 cases of 18- to 30-month-old ...
Nahum Elhanan - - 2013
B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) has been shown to have prognostic value for morbidity and mortality after cardiac surgery. Less is known about its prognostic value in infants. To investigate the predictive value of BNP levels regarding the severity of the postoperative course in infants undergoing surgical repair of congenital heart ...
Jayakrishnan Thejus T - - 2013
Amiel-Tison method is a commonly used technique for assessing tone and neurological status of infants. There is a paucity of data on the reliability of visual assessment of angles, a component of this method. We compared the visual and the goniometric assessment of adductor and popliteal angles in infants with ...
Brooks Jada L JL School of Nursing, University of North Carolina, Carrington Hall, Campus Box 7460, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27759-7460, USA. - - 2013
To compare the interactive behaviors of American Indian mothers and their premature infants with those of African American mothers and their premature infants. Descriptive, comparative study. Three neonatal intensive care units and two pediatric clinics in the southeast. Seventy-seven mother/infant dyads: 17 American Indian mother/infant dyads and 60 African American ...
Morag Iris - - 2013
AIM: To longitudinally assess the neurodevelopmental outcomes of late preterm infants (LPI) through the first year of life and to investigate for perinatal conditions that may affect developmental outcomes. METHODS: The study population comprised of 124 LPI, born in a single Israeli inborn center over an eight months period. Thirty-three ...
Væver Mette S - - 2013
A kinematic approach was used to measure mother-infant spatial proximity at 4 months. Maternal postpartum depression (PPD) impacts on mother-infant spatial interaction. We compared 28 dyads with mothers meeting criteria for PPD and 46 typical dyads. The PPD dyads had less variability in spatial proximity compared to typical dyads.
Skiöld Béatrice - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Extremely preterm (EPT) birth is a major risk factor for brain injury and neurodevelopmental impairment. Reliable tools for early prediction of outcome are warranted. AIM: To investigate the predictive value of general movements (GMs) at "fidgety age" for neurological outcome at age 30months in EPT infants, both in comparison ...
Vieira da Silva Sabrina - - 2013
The mineral content of 10 commercially available milk-based infant formulas widely consumed in Brazil was investigated. The levels of elements (Ca, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Na, and Zn) were determined by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry after microwave-assisted wet digestion. The results were compared with the producers' label ...
Lo Mark D - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine whether subarachnoid space width at the site of lumbar puncture in infants changed between 3 positions: flat lateral decubitus, 45-degree tilt, and sitting. METHODS: Healthy infants younger than 4 months presenting electively to a pediatric radiology department were enrolled. Exclusion criteria ...
Stern Georgette - - 2013
Rationale: There is increasing evidence that short-term exposure to air pollution has a detrimental effect on respiratory health, but data from healthy populations, particularly infants, are scarce. Objective: To assess the association of air pollution with frequency and severity of respiratory symptoms and infections measured weekly in healthy infants. Methods: ...
Niemi Maria M Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. - - 2013
To examine the association of low birthweight (LBW) and prematurity with clinically significant symptoms of antenatal common mental disorders (ACMDs) during the third trimester of pregnancy in a semi-rural area in Vietnam. Prospective community-based cohort study. Severity of ACMD symptoms was assessed with the Edinburgh Depression Scale, low birthweight was ...
Sato Yoshiaki - - 2013
AIM: To explore a less invasive way of assessing preload in neonates than fitting catheters to measure central venous pressure (CVP). This study evaluated the relationship between inferior vena cava (IVC) measurements and gestational age (GA) or body weight (BW) in term and premature infants and the correlation between those ...
Mink Daniela - - 2013
This longitudinal study investigated the relation between infant temperament and dropout rate in two visual habituation tasks when infants (N=80) were 6 and 12 months of age. At both age points, infant temperament was assessed with the Infant Behavior Questionnaire Revised (IBQ-R) and infants were presented with the same two ...
Reck Corinna - - 2013
Research suggested that maternal anxiety disorders might be related to infants' behavioral inhibition. This study investigated whether maternal postpartum anxiety disorder is associated with infant temperament, more precisely, infant distress to novelty, an early predictor of behavioral inhibition. Differences in the latter were analyzed in a German sample by comparing ...
Bright Melissa A - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the father-infant relationship in infants with congenital heart disease (CHD). METHOD: Sixty-three fathers whose infants had cardiac surgery before 3months of age reported on their attachment relationship with their infant within two months of hospital discharge using both qualitative and quantitative ...
Chen Yao - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: This study assesses the reliability of photographic method with clinical examinations in detecting developmental defects of enamel (DDE) in the anterior primary teeth of infants. METHODS: The study sample was a part of an ongoing longitudinal study to assess risk factors for early childhood caries, and consisted of 138 ...
Jiang Ze Dong - - 2013
Neurodevelopment in late preterm infants has recently attracted considerable interest. The prevalence of brain stem conduction abnormality remains unknown. We examined maximum length sequence brain stem auditory evoked response in 163 infants, born at 33-36 weeks gestation, who had various perinatal problems. Compared with 49 normal term infants without problems, the ...
Mitchell-Box Kristen - - 2013
Abstract Breastfeeding is considered the best infant feeding method, yet initiation and duration rates in the United States are lower than recommended by medical and public health professionals. Positive attitudes toward breastfeeding of the male partner are important in a mother's success at initiating and maintaining breastfeeding. This study measured ...
Kandasamy Yogavijayan - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Nephron number in humans is determined during fetal life. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of preterm birth on nephron number using renal volume as a surrogate for nephron number. METHODS: This observational study was conducted over 12 months in a tertiary perinatal center. Preterm babies ...
Chen Chen-Jung - - 2013
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To develop the Maternal Attachment Inventory (MAI) into Chinese and assess its psychometric properties. BACKGROUND: The MAI measures of maternal affectionate attachment. This scale displays the most appropriate indicators associated with attachment and has been widely adopted in different fields for measuring maternal-infant attachment. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey ...
Braithwaite Elizabeth C - - 2013
Maternal antenatal anxiety is associated with an increased risk of behavioral disturbances in offspring. Recent work has suggested that the effect of maternal antenatal anxiety on infant temperament at 6 months is moderated by the serotonin transporter polymorphism 5-HTTLPR, with carriers of the short allele more susceptible to the adverse ...
Rebagliato Marisa - - 2013
Iodine supplementation during pregnancy is a common practice in developed countries. However, scant evidence is available regarding the safety and effectiveness of maternal iodine supplementation with regard to child neuropsychological development. We previously reported an inverse association between iodine supplementation and the psychomotor development of infants in a birth cohort ...
Tonetti Lorenzo - - 2013
A previous study has reported a significant month-of-birth effect on mood seasonality in the northern hemisphere. Higher mood seasonality was observed for university students born during spring or summer months (long photoperiod) compared to those born during autumn or winter months (short photoperiod). The aim of this study was to ...
Grieve Andrew - - 2013
Biliary atresia (BA) is a progressive obliterative cholangiopathy leading to liver fibrosis and cirrhosis. The aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index (APRi) has been used in other liver diseases and in older children with BA as a surrogate marker of liver fibrosis. The aim of this study was to calculate APRi at ...
Yeekian Chuenrutai - - 2013
The rising rate of cesarean section has been of concern worldwide. Maternalfactors and neonatal outcomes of cesarean section and vaginal delivery remain unclear To compare the diferences of maternal factors and neonatal outcomes between mothers who underwent Elective Cesarean Section (ECS) and spontaneous vaginal delivery (SVD) MATERIAL AND METHOD: A ...
Dai Hong-Xia - - 2013
Abstract Background: The Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale (IIFAS) is used to evaluate maternal infant feeding attitude. The breastfeeding rate has declined but no validated instruments to assess infant feeding attitudes or related studies have been available in mainland China. Aims: The purpose of this study was to assess the ...
Chatziioannidis I I B΄ Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Papageorgiou - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to determine immediate changes of global and regional lung function after exogenous surfactant administration in mechanically ventilated infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) using electrical impedance tomography (EIT) measurements. A prospective study was conducted in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit at a university ...
Bhattacharyya Agnihotri A Department of Community Medicine, Calcutta National Medical College, Kolkata, - - 2013
Integrated management of childhood illness (IMNCI) is already operational in many states of India, but there are only limited studies in Indian scenario comparing its validity and reliability with the decisions of pediatricians. Aims and. To assess the validity and reliability of the IMNCI algorithm with provisional diagnosis of senior ...
Davis Natalie Louise NL Division of Newborn Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2013
The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends all neonates born at <37 weeks' gestation receive a predischarge Infant Car Seat Challenge (ICSC), a resource-intensive test with little information on failure rates and risk factors. We sought to determine incidence and predictors of failure to allow more selective testing. We conducted a ...
Gunning Melanie - - 2013
Early mother-infant interactions are characterised by periods of synchronous interaction that are interrupted by periods of mismatch; the experience of such mismatches and their subsequent repair is held to facilitate the development of infant self-regulatory capacities (Tronick, Als, Adamson, Wise, & Brazelton, 1978). Infant responding to such interactive challenge is ...
Guan Huai - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Manganese (Mn) is an essential element and a potential toxicant for developing organism. Deficiency and excess of it were both deleterious to fetal growth in experimental animals. However, literature on relationship between Mn status and birth outcome in humans is sparse. METHODS: Mn concentrations were measured in mother whole ...
Centanni Manuela - - 2013
The High Taxonomic Fingerprint (HTF)-Microbi.Array is a fully validated phylogenetic microarray platform for an high taxonomic level characterization of the human gut microbiota. However, suffering from PCR-dependent biases in Bifidobacterium quantification, this tool is less appropriate when utilized for the characterization of the Bifidobacterium-dominated gut microbiota of breast-fed infants. In ...
McLeod Gemma - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To assess ultrasound as a method for (i) measuring body composition (BC) of preterm infants and for (ii) assessing the influence of macronutrient intakes on tissue accretion rates. METHODS: Preterm ultrasound studies of four anatomical sites were performed approximately every three weeks from birth to corrected-term age. ...
Pyzio-Kowalik Magdalena - - 2013
The aim of this study was to digitally evaluate the incidence and severity of postural asymmetry in infants with Central Coordination Disturbance (CCD) by using a computer-aided podoscope (PodoBaby) from CQ Elektronik System. A sample of 120 infants aged from 3 months (±1 week) to 6 months (±1 week) took ...
Koestenberger Martin - - 2013
Background: The tricuspid annular peak systolic velocity (S') is an echocardiographic measurement to assess systolic right ventricular function in adults and children. Objective: We determined growth and birth weight-related changes of S' to establish reference values in preterm and term neonates. Methods: A prospective study was conducted in a group ...
Shenvi Asha - - 2013
Approximately 2 % of newborn infants are noted to have cardiac murmur on routine postnatal examination. Our aim was to look at current evidence and practice in the management of asymptomatic cardiac murmur in term neonates. We performed a systematic literature review and a telephone survey of all neonatal units in ...
Heineman Kirsten R - - 2013
AIM: The Infant Motor Profile (IMP) is a qualitative assessment of motor behaviour in infancy. It consists of five domains: movement variation, variability, fluency, symmetry, and performance. The aim of this study was to assess interobserver reliability and concurrent validity of the IMP with the Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS) ...
Altman Maria - - 2013
Infants born preterm account for a substantial part of neonatal morbidity, with acute respiratory disorders being a dominating clinical problem. Whereas focus in recent studies has been on extremely and very preterm infants, less is known about contemporary rates and risk factors for acute respiratory morbidity in moderately and late ...
Catenacci Melissa M Department of Pediatrics, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143-0544, - - 2013
To examine the relationship between the cause or severity of hypotension and the development of severe ROP (sROP) (≥stage 3 or stage 2 with plus disease in zone I or II). Infants (<28 weeks' gestation, n = 242) were observed for hypotension and treated with a standardized hypotension-treatment protocol. Hypotension ...
Ozkiraz Servet - - 2013
Abstract Objective: Low Apgar score is strongly associated with the incidence of transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN) and other respiratory diseases of newborn. We aimed to investigate the relationship between hypoxia determinants and the prolonged oxygen and respiratory support requirement even if the Apgar scores were normal. Methods: Retrospective ...
Williams Ismee A IA Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital of New York-Presbyterian, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY 10032, USA. - - 2013
Children with congenital heart disease are at risk for impaired neurodevelopment (ND). We investigated the association of fetal cerebrovascular resistance with ND in patients with single ventricle lesions. In the Single Ventricle Reconstruction (SVR) and Infant Single Ventricle trials, 14-month ND was assessed using the Bayley Scales of Infant Development ...
Schutzman David L - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends all infants born at <37 weeks gestation spend a period of observation in a car seat prior to hospital discharge to assess for apnoea, bradycardia or oxygen desaturation. The most recent Cochrane review suggested further studies to determine if the infant car seat ...
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