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Medeiros Patrícia B V PB Department of Dentistry, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Brasília, Brasília, - - 2014
The baby oral health program (bOHP) provides pregnant women and their future babies with oral care. To assess the bOHP effectiveness by comparing caries prevalence in infants enrolled and not enrolled in the oral health program (OHP). Mothers who had been invited to participate in the bOHP from 2006 to ...
Pergialiotis Vasileios V 1st Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Athens University, Medical School, Alexandra Hospital, 80, Vasilisis Sofias Avenue, Greece. Electronic address: - - 2014
The rates of cesarean section at full cervical dilatation (second stage cesarean sections) are currently increasing. The purpose of the present study is to compare maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality among cases offered cesarean section at full dilatation to those offered cesarean section prior to full dilatation. We searched ...
Selvaggi Carla C Pasteur Institute-Cenci Bolognetti Foundation, Department of Molecular Medicine, Laboratory of Virology, Sapienza University of - - 2014
The airway expression of type III interferons (IFNs) was evaluated in infants hospitalized for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) or rhinovirus (HRV) bronchiolitis. As an additional objective we sought to determine whether a different expression of IFN lambda 1-3 was associated with different harboring viruses, the clinical course of bronchiolitis or ...
Tran Thach Duc TD Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, The University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010, Australia; Jean Hailes Research Unit, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Victoria 3168, Australia; Research and Training Centre for Community Development, Hanoi, Vietnam. Electronic address: - - 2014
Little is known about the effect of common mental disorders (CMD) among women in the perinatal period on infant development in low-income countries. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of exposures to maternal symptoms of ante- and post-natal CMD on infant social-emotional development in a low-income ...
Alam Nurul N Centre for Population, Urbanization and Climate Change, ICDDR,B, Dhaka, - - 2014
In the absence of reliable systems for registering rare types of vital events large surveys are required to measure changes in their rates. However some events such as maternal deaths are widely known about in the community. This study examined the utility of asking respondents about events in their neighbourhood ...
Al Juaid Daifellah A M - - 2014
Breastfeeding is viewed as the optimal method of infant feeding that provides many benefits to both the infant and the mother. The monitoring and reporting of breastfeeding indicators are essential for any country to plan and implement effective promotion programs for sustainable breastfeeding. The aim of this review is to ...
Kaur Supreet S Center for Perinatal Research, The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio, United States of - - 2014
Premature infants exhibit widespread insults and delays in white matter maturation that can be sensitively detected early using diffusion tensor imaging. Diffusion tensor tractography facilitates in vivo visualization of white matter tracts and has the potential to be more sensitive than simpler two-dimensional DTI-based measures. However, the reliability and reproducibility ...
Coret Catherine D CD Johnson & Johnson Consumer Companies, Inc, Skillman, NJ, - - 2014
To evaluate the tolerance of baby skin-care products with at least 95% naturally derived ingredients on infants and toddlers. Healthy, full-term infants and toddlers aged 1-36 months were enrolled. In study 1, a lightly fragranced natural baby hair and body wash (n=30), a lightly fragranced natural baby shampoo (n=30), or ...
Bélanger-Lévesque Marie-Noëlle MN Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Québec, - - 2014
Maternal satisfaction during the birthing process has been well documented, whereas little is known about the fathers' birth experiences. Our objective was to evaluate and compare the birth satisfaction of mothers and fathers. Comparative cross-sectional study. Number of participating centres: one level III maternity centre (2813 births in 2011) in ...
Wan Ming Wai MW Centre for Women's Mental Health, Institute of Brain, Behaviour and Mental Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, United - - 2014
Accumulating evidence suggests that mothers show a different pattern of brain responses when viewing their own compared to other infants. However, there is inconsistency across functional imaging studies regarding the key areas involved, and none have examined relationships between brain and behavioural responses to infants. We examined the brain regions ...
Westmark Cara J CJ Department of Neurology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of - - 2014
Seizures are a common phenotype in many neurodevelopmental disorders including fragile X syndrome, Down syndrome and autism. We hypothesized that phytoestrogens in soy-based infant formula were contributing to lower seizure threshold in these disorders. Herein, we evaluated the dependence of seizure incidence on infant formula in a population of autistic ...
Ardissone Alexandria N AN Department of Microbiology and Cell Science, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of - - 2014
Preterm birth is the second leading cause of death in children under the age of five years worldwide, but the etiology of many cases remains enigmatic. The dogma that the fetus resides in a sterile environment is being challenged by recent findings and the question has arisen whether microbes that ...
Yamashita Wakayo W Department of Information Science and Biomedical Engineering, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima, - - 2014
This study examined infants' visual perception of three-dimensional common objects. It has been reported that human adults perceive object images in a view-dependent manner: three-quarter views are often preferred to other views, and the sensitivity to object orientation is lower for three-quarter views than for other views. We tested whether ...
Kabir Alamgir A Department of Statistics, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh; International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b), Dhaka, - - 2014
This analysis was conducted to explore the association between 5 birth size measurements (weight, length and head, chest and mid-upper arm [MUAC] circumferences) as dependent variables and 10 maternal factors as independent variables using canonical correlation analysis (CCA). CCA considers simultaneously sets of dependent and independent variables and, thus, generates ...
Missana Manuela M Early Social Development Group, Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, - - 2014
We examined the processing of facial expressions of pain and anger in 8-month-old infants and adults by measuring event-related brain potentials (ERPs) and frontal EEG alpha asymmetry. The ERP results revealed that while adults showed a late positive potential (LPP) to emotional expressions that was enhanced to pain expressions, reflecting ...
Sato Miki M Faculty of Nursing and Medical Care, Keio - - 2014
Objectives The factors associated with loneliness in adults and elderly people have been revealed in previous studies. However, much less is known about these factors for mothers with infants. This article investigates the individual and environmental factors associated with loneliness among mothers with 4-month-old or 18-month-old infants in an urban area ...
Dewitte Sharon N SN Department of Anthropology, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina, United States of - - 2014
The medieval Black Death (c. 1347-1351) was one of the most devastating epidemics in human history. It killed tens of millions of Europeans, and recent analyses have shown that the disease targeted elderly adults and individuals who had been previously exposed to physiological stressors. Following the epidemic, there were improvements ...
Duong H Hanh HH Department of Pediatrics, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, - - 2014
To examine rates, trends, predictive risk factors, and outcomes associated with pneumothorax in neonates. Retrospective analyses were used to estimate rates and assess trends in pneumothorax among early preterm (GA <32 weeks), moderate-late preterm (GA 32-36), and term (GA ≥37 weeks) neonates admitted to neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) participating ...
Ecevit Ayşe A Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Başkent University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey. - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between neonatal mortality-morbidity and pregnancies with preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM), particularly those complicated by histologic chorioamnionitis (HCA), in preterm infants. A retrospective study was conducted on 58 preterm neonates born to 46 pregnant women with PPROM. Maternal characteristics, ...
Gervain Judit J Laboratoire Psychologie de la Perception, CNRS, Paris, France; Université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, - - 2014
Increasing evidence suggests that the natural world has a special status for our sensory and cognitive functioning. The mammalian sensory system is hypothesized to have evolved to encode natural signals in an efficient manner. Exposure to natural stimuli, but not to artificial ones, improves learning and cognitive function. Scale-invariance, the ...
Noel-Weiss Joy J School of Nursing, University of Ottawa, 451 Smyth RGN3051, K1H 8 M5, Ottawa, ON, - - 2014
Infant feeding categories, often referred to as breastfeeding definitions, form the basis to describe infant feeding patterns; especially, breastfeeding duration and degree of breastfeeding exclusivity. Researchers use a variety of algorithms and no validated tool exists to measure feeding patterns for research purposes. The goal of this research project was ...
Shevlin Mark M School of Psychology and Psychology Research Institute, University of Ulster at Magee, Londonderry, Northern - - 2014
Based on Bowlby's attachment theory, Bartholomew proposed a four-category attachment typology by which individuals judged themselves and adult relationships. This explanatory model has since been used to help explain the risk of psychiatric comorbidity. The current study aimed to identify attachment typologies based on Bartholomew's attachment styles in a sample ...
Brown Nisha - - 2014
Neurobehavioral examinations of babies, both term and preterm, have been used in neonatology for many decades. However, with the advent of new technologies and, perhaps more "scientific" ways of assessing high risk infants, it seems that neurobehavioral examinations may have become somewhat redundant in some nurseries. Yet these examinations remain ...
Modrzejewska Monika M Department of Ophthalmology, Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin, Poland. - - 2014
Case study reports for the first time about development of massive iris neovascular complication in course of retinopathy of prematurity related to systemic and ocular ischemic syndrome due to tracheostomy-requiring extremely severe premature respiratory failure. Premature female, 950 grams birth weight, born from 17-year-old gravida 1, at 28 weeks' gestation ...
Flensborg-Madsen Trine T Unit of Medical Psychology, Institute of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, - - 2014
Although research into the continuity and change of personality traits during a lifespan has been fairly extensive, little research has been conducted on childhood predictors of adult personality. We aimed to investigate the association between infant socioeconomic status (SES), and Eysenck personality traits in adulthood. An additional aim was to ...
Amat Flore F Pediatric Emergency Department, CHU-Estaing, Clermont-Ferrand, - - 2013
Krebs von den Lungen 6 antigen (KL-6) has been shown to be a useful biomarker of the severity of Respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis. To assess the correlation between the clinical severity of acute bronchiolitis, serum KL-6, and the causative viruses, 222 infants with acute bronchiolitis presenting at the Pediatric Emergency ...
Völkel Wolfgang W Department of Chemical Safety and Toxicology, Bavarian Health and Food Safety Authority, Pfarrstrasse 3, D-80538 Munich, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2013
Urine samples (n=207) of 47 infants between 1- and 5-month of age were quantitated for 12 metabolites of 7 phthalates and compared with samples collected from the mothers of the infants at different time points. Median and 95-percentile were lower for all metabolites in urine samples of infants compared to ...
Leite Maria Efigênia - - 2013
Effects of palm olein (POL) on calcium and fat metabolic balance and gastrointestinal (GI) tolerance have been clinically evaluated but its use in combination with palm kernel oil (PKO), and canola oil has not been similarly assessed in infants. Calcium and fat balance and GI tolerance were evaluated in 33 ...
Nazar Huda H National School Oral Health Program, Ministry of Health, Kuwait, - - 2013
Objective: The purpose of this study was to describe the oral health, oral hygiene, and oral health habits of Kuwaiti infants and toddlers. Subjects and Methods: This cross-sectional study of a convenience sample included 336 infants and toddlers (156 females and 180 males). The teeth of the infants and toddlers ...
Jensen Lisbeth Lund LL Discipline of Anatomy and Pathology, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia; The Department of Pathology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark; Department of Forensic Medicine, Aarhus University, Aarhus, - - 2013
To develop and validate a scoring method for assessing β-amyloid precursor protein (APP) staining in cerebral white matter and to investigate the occurrence, amount and deposition pattern based on the cause of death in infants and young children. Archival cerebral tissue was examined from a total of 176 cases (0 ...
Fung Timothy H M TH Oxford Eye Hospital, Oxford, - - 2013
To determine the feasibility of Ultra wide-field intravenous fundus fluorescein angiography (UWF-IV-FFA) in infants. A retrospective review of infants who underwent UWF-IV-FFA with the Optos P200MA was performed. The ability to capture different phases of the angiogram, the total image acquisition time and the presence of image artefacts were analysed. ...
Haltigan John D JD a University of North Carolina at Greensboro , Greensboro , - - 2013
The current study examined associations between attachment state of mind measured prenatally (N = 259) and maternal behavior in the reunion episode of the still-face procedure when infants were six months of age both as a main effect and in conjunction with infant negative affect. Using a dimensional approach to adult attachment ...
Orbach Sharon A SA 1School of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, - - 2013
Animal studies suggest that hypothermia decreases seizure burden, whereas limited human data are inconclusive. This retrospective cohort study examines the relationship between therapeutic hypothermia and seizure in neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. Our center admitted 224 neonates from July 2004 to December 2011 who met institutional cooling criteria. Seventy-three neonates were ...
Kilicdag Hasan - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) activity in term and late preterm babies with severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia and its relationship to the severity and treatment of this disorder, regardless of level of G6PD activity (deficient/normal). A total of 529 term and late preterm (≥35 ...
Cantinotti Massimiliano - - 2013
A quantitative echocardiographic assessment is often essential for the management of congenital heart disease, especially in the first months of life. Despite this, pediatric echocardiographic nomograms are limited and heterogeneous, particularly for neonates and infants. The aim of this study was to establish reliable echocardiographic nomograms in a broad population ...
Weiser Giora - - 2013
Febrile infants undergoing urethral catheterization (UC) are often not treated for pain and distress. The aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of midazolam premedication. We compared a convenience sample of infants who underwent UC with midazolam with those who did not receive midazolam. Outcome measures were Visual Analog Scale assessment, ...
Lammers Erin M - - 2013
Opioids are commonly used in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Negative neurodevelopmental effects in the short-term setting have been associated with opioids ; however, long-term studies have been limited. The primary objective was to determine if there is a dose relationship between fentanyl and neurodevelopmental outcomes, as measured by ...
Hennessey Iain I Department of Paediatric Surgery, Women's and Children's Hospital, 72 King William Road, North Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, 5067, - - 2013
Intestinal malrotation and particularly volvulus are potentially devastating conditions. Upper gastrointestinal (UGI) contrast studies have been considered the gold standard for diagnosis. However the use of ultrasonography (US) has been increasingly described. We describe a method for delineating the duodenal anatomy with US as a means to exclude malrotation. To ...
Maguire Denise - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to reduce the number of items in the Modified Finnegan Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Tool (M-FNAST) to the minimum possible while retaining or improving its validity in a short version. All infants with a diagnosis of neonatal abstinence syndrome (171) who were admitted to a ...
Park Yoonjoon Y Department of Pediatric Surgery, Dankook University Medical College, Cheonan, - - 2013
Crossed testicular ectopia (CTE) is generally defined as both testes located in the same hemiscrotum and contralateral hydrocele with the absence of a testis. However, the initial presentation of CTE in an infant as an incarcerated inguinal hernia is extremely rare. We report on a 10-month-old infant with CTE, who ...
Du Xiaozhen X Department of Integrated Early Childhood Development, Capital Institute of Pediatrics, Beijing, China ; Joint first - - 2013
Face-to-face interviews by trained field workers are commonly used in household surveys. However, this data collection method is labor-intensive, time-consuming, expensive, prone to interviewer and recall bias and not easily scalable to increase sample representativeness. To explore the feasibility of using text messaging to collect information on infant and young ...
Jafarzadehpur Ebrahim E Department of Optometry, Iran University of Medical Science, Tehran, - - 2013
Nowadays, many infertile couples can have child by assistant reproductive technology (ART). Always the undesirable effects of these methods on newborn are considered and are evaluated. The aim of this study is to describe the impact of ART on ocular and visual performances of infants born by these methods. In ...
Garbi-Goutel Aurélie A Service de médecine néonatale, unité de soins intensifs néonatale, Hôpital Nord, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Marseille, Université de la Méditerranée, Chemin des Bourrellys, 13015 Marseille Cedex 20, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to assess the prognostic value of abdominal sonography in necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in preterm infants with a gestational age less than 33weeks of gestation, using surgery and/or death as the primary outcome and stenosis as the secondary outcome. A retrospective study of 95 premature ...
Simic Marija - - 2013
Abstract Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the potential impact of gestational age (GA) estimation on the basis of the last menstrual period (LMP) in comparison with GA based on ultrasound examination on rates of survival and neonatal morbidity among extremely preterm infants. Methods: The Swedish national ...
Kampanatkosol Richard R Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, IL, - - 2014
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) affects up to 10% of extremely-low-birthweight infants, with a 30% mortality rate. Currently, no biomarker reliably facilitates early diagnosis. Since thrombocytopenia and bowel ischemia are consistent findings in advanced NEC, we prospectively investigated two potential biomarkers: reticulated platelets (RP) and intestinal alkaline phosphatase (iAP). Infants born ≤32weeks ...
Alvik Astrid - - 2013
To explore variables predicting low developmental scores in 6-month-old infants in a population-based study. In a longitudinal study representative of pregnant women in Oslo, Norway, questionnaires were answered at 17 and 30 weeks of pregnancy and 6 months after term; N = 1053 after exclusions (women with non-Scandinavian ethnicity, twin ...
Buttelmann David - - 2013
Recent studies suggest that infants understand that others can have false beliefs. However, most of these studies have used looking time measures, and the few that have used behavioral measures are all based on the change-of-location paradigm, leading to claims that infants might use behavioral rules instead of mental state ...
Giaccone Annie A Division of Neonatology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and University of Pennsylvania, , Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, - - 2014
Studies of extubation in preterm infants often define extubation success as a lack of reintubation within a specified time window. However, the duration of observation that defines extubation success in preterm infants has not been validated. The purpose of this study was to systematically review published definitions of extubation success ...
Jones Hendrée E - - 2013
Buprenorphine pharmacotherapy for opioid-dependent pregnant women is associated with maternal and neonatal outcomes superior to untreated opioid dependence. However, the literature is inconsistent regarding the possible existence of a dose-response relationship between maternal buprenorphine dose and neonatal clinical outcomes. The present secondary analysis study (1) examined the relationship between maternal ...
Grove Gary L - - 2013
To compare the relative gentleness of a silicone tape to a paper tape in healthy infants and children. A randomized, grader-blinded, comparative study. The sample group comprised 24 healthy infants and children 9.1 to 46.7 months of age (mean ± SEM, 34.0 ± 2.21). The study was conducted at a ...
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