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Ruberto Giulio G Clinica Oculistica, IRCCS San Matteo Polyclinic Hospital, P.le Golgi 19, Pavia, 27100, - - 2014
Purpose:Most studies on premature newborns have focused on infants of less than 28 weeks of gestational age (GA) due to their increased risk of developing diseases such as premature retinopathy. Studies on premature infants born between 28 and 35 weeks GA with normal development are less frequent. The aim of ...
Abitbol Carolyn L CL Division of Pediatric Nephrology, University of Miami/Holtz Children's Hospital, Miami, FL. Electronic address: - - 2014
To distinguish between cystatin C (CysC) and creatinine (Cr) as markers of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in preterm infants and to correlate eGFR with total kidney volume (TKV) as a surrogate of nephron mass. Sixty preterm (<37 weeks' gestational age [GA]) and 40 term infants were enrolled at birth. Serum ...
Gold Katherine J KJ Department of Family Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare provider assessment of fetal maceration with death-to-delivery interval to evaluate the reliability of appearance as a proxy for time of death. Cohort chart abstraction was performed for all stillbirth deliveries at or above 28weeks of gestation during a 1-year period in a teaching hospital in Ghana. Of 470 ...
Stevens Bonnie J BJ *The Hospital for Sick Children †Lawrence S. Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing ¶Leslie Dan Faculty of Pharmacy, The University of Toronto, Toronto, ON ‡The Credit Valley Hospital Trillium Health Centre, Mississauga, ON §Ingram School of Nursing, McGill University, Montréal, QC ‚ą•IWK Health Centre, Halifax, NS, - - 2014
To describe revisions to the Premature Infant Pain Profile (PIPP) and initial construct validation and feasibility of the Premature Infant Pain Profile-Revised (PIPP-R). The PIPP was revised to enhance validity and feasibility. To validate the PIPP-R, data from 2 randomized cross-over studies were utilized to: (1) calculate and compare PIPP ...
Takahashi Hiroaki H Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Kobe Children's Hospital, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
We describe the successful mitral valve repair with autologous fresh pericardium in a 5-month-old infant with acute progressive mitral regurgitation. The intraoperative findings consisted of fragile mitral valve leaflets with multiple chordal rupture of both the anterior and posterior leaflets. The disrupted anterolateral commissure was reconstructed using autologous fresh pericardium, ...
Melnyk Bernadette Mazurek BM Bernadette Mazurek Melnyk, PhD, RN, CPNP/PMHNP, FAAN, is Associate Vice President for Health Promotion, University Chief Wellness Officer, and Dean and Professor, College of Nursing, The Ohio State University, Columbus. Krista L. Oswalt, PhD, is Research Assistant Professor, Arizona State University, Tempe. Kimberly Sidora-Arcoleo, PhD, MPH, is Associate Dean for Research & Transdisciplinary Scholarship and Director, Center for Women, Children and Youth, The Ohio State University, - - 2014
Parental perception of their infants and confidence/beliefs about their parenting are among the most salient factors influencing outcomes of preterm infants. The purpose of this study was to assess the psychometric properties of scores on the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Parental Beliefs Scale (NICU PBS) in a sample of mothers ...
Sarkissian Eric J EJ The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Breech position subjects the fetal hip to abnormal mechanical forces. However, unlike genetic or tissue factors linked to developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), the causative effect of the breech position ends when the infant is born. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the rate of spontaneous stabilization ...
Ravelli Anita C J AC Department of Medical Informatics, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
To develop a prognostic model for antenatal prediction of neonatal mortality in infants threatening to be born very preterm (<32 weeks). Nationwide cohort study in The Netherlands between 1999 and 2007. We studied 8500 singletons born between 25(+0) and 31(+6) weeks of gestation where fetus was alive at birth without ...
Chenouard Alexis A Department of Neonatal Medicine, Hôpital Mère Enfant, CHU of Nantes, Boulevard Jean Monnet, 44093, Nantes, - - 2014
Late-onset infection is known to increase the risk of neurodevelopmental impairment in infants born extremely preterm. However, little data is available regarding infants born moderately preterm. The aim of this study was to determine whether late-onset infection in moderately preterm infants (<35 weeks of gestation) was associated with a non-optimal neurodevelopmental ...
Christian Parul - - 2014
The long term consequences of low birth weight (LBW), preterm birth, small-for-gestational age (SGA, defined as birth weight for given gestational age less than the 10th percentile of the reference), and early newborn morbidity on functional outcomes are not well described in low income settings. In rural Nepal, we conducted ...
Nahidi Fatemeh - - 2014
Despite the benefits of mother-newborn skin-to-skin contact immediately after birth, it has not been universally implemented as routine care for healthy term neonates. Midwifes are the first person to contact the neonate after birth. However, there is evidence that many midwives do not perform mother-newborn skin-to-skin contact. The aim of ...
Bicking Kinsey Cara C College of Nursing, The Pennsylvania State University, USA; College of Medicine, Department of Public Health Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
to describe the development of a shortened 10-item version of the Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire (S-PBQ) and examine the relationship between birth-related, psychosocial, and emotional factors and maternal-infant bonding. cross-sectional interview study. women having their first baby in Pennsylvania, USA. we interviewed 3005 women in their third trimester and at one ...
Soysal A Sebnem AS 1Department of Pediatric Neurology, Gazi University, Medical Faculty, Ankara, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to see whether the scores of the Bayley Infant Neurodevelopmental Screener of 45 high-risk preterm infants (gestational age 26-37 wk) between the ages of 3 and 24 months predicted neurodevelopmental status at 7 to 10 years of age. Neurodevelopmental status of 45/122 preterm infants, ...
van der Burg Pauline S PS 1Department of Neonatology, Emma Children's Hospital, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. 2Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, University Medical Center Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Kiel, - - 2014
Electrical impedance tomography measures lung volume in a cross-sectional slice of the lung. Whether these cross-sectional volume changes are representative of the whole lung has only been investigated in adults, showing conflicting results. This study aimed to compare cross-sectional and whole lung volume changes using electrical impedance tomography and respiratory ...
Oye Christian R CR Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Hospital of Trondheim, Trondheim, - - 2014
The anatomy of the femoral trochlea is of vital importance to the stability of the patellofemoral joint. Knowing the characteristics of the femoral trochlea in newborns might prove useful when considering the predisposing factors to patellar instability. To define the normal anatomy and the natural variances of the femoral trochlea ...
Louis Deepak D Neonatal Unit, Advanced Pediatrics Centre, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, - - 2014
This study was done to compare 2 techniques of pulse oximeter sensor application during neonatal resuscitation for faster signal detection. Sensor to infant first (STIF) and then to oximeter was compared with sensor to oximeter first (STOF) and then to infant in ≥28 weeks gestations. The primary outcome was time ...
Sokolover Nir N The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Schneider Children's Medical Center of Israel, , Petah Tikva, - - 2014
Monitoring infant growth is essential for evaluation of development and is an important indicator of health and illness. Length is an essential indicator of infant growth, however, length measurement methods suffer from limitations which restrict their use. To improve infant length measurement by development of a novel, accurate, precise and ...
Butts Ryan J RJ Department of Pediatrics, Medical University of South Carolina, 165 Ashley Avenue, Charleston, SC, 29424, USA, - - 2014
Data regarding the value of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) measurements in infants with a single-ventricle (SV) physiology are lacking. This analysis aimed to describe the BNP level changes in infants with an SV physiology before and after superior cavopulmonary connection (SCPC) surgery. Levels of BNP were measured by a core ...
Ohoka Harue H Nagoya University, Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Nagoya, - - 2014
Postnatal Depression has demonstrated long-term consequences on child cognitive and emotional development; however, the link between maternal and child pathology has not been clearly identified. We conducted a prospective study using self-rating questionnaires to clarify the association between bonding disorder and maternal mood during pregnancy and after childbirth. A total ...
Gonzales Felisa A FA The George Washington University, Washington, DC, - - 2014
This study demonstrates preliminary evidence of the utility of an optimality index as a simple tool for monitoring complications across the perinatal period. The medical records of 147 Latina women participating in a preventive randomized controlled trial for perinatal depression were reviewed for outcomes across the perinatal period. Application of ...
Salas Ariel A AA Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, - - 2014
Background Postnatal assessment of disease severity is critical for analysis of mortality rates and development of future interventions in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Objective The objective of this study was to stratify the risk of mortality based on arterial Paco 2. Methods Retrospective analysis of infants (n = 133) with CDH admitted to a regional ...
Georgieva A A Nuffield Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, University of Oxford, Women's Centre, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, UK; Department of Engineering Science, Institute of Biomedical Engineering, University of Oxford, Oxford, - - 2014
Recent studies suggest that phase-rectified signal averaging (PRSA), measured in antepartum fetal heart rate (FHR) traces, may sensitively indicate fetal status; however, its value has not been assessed during labour. We determined whether PRSA relates to acidaemia in labour, and compare its performance to short-term variation (STV), a related computerised ...
König K K 1] Department of Paediatrics, Mercy Hospital for Women, Melbourne, VIC, Australia [2] Neonatal and Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Children's Hospital Lucerne, Lucerne, - - 2014
Objective:Preterm infants are at risk of circulatory compromise following birth. Functional neonatal echocardiography including superior vena cava (SVC) flow is increasingly used in neonatal medicine, and low SVC flow has been associated with adverse outcome. However, echocardiography is not readily available in many neonatal units and B-type natriuretic peptides (BNPs) ...
Chinta Shriniwas S Grace Centre for Newborn Care, The Children's Hospital at Westmead, , Sydney, - - 2014
Standardised developmental tests are now widely used in neurodevelopmental assessments of infants and children. In 2006, the revised and updated version of the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development (version III) replaced the previous version and is now widely used in neonatal developmental follow-up clinics. Several papers from Australia ...
Batton B B 1] Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA [2] Department of Pediatrics, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, IL, - - 2014
Objective:To examine changes in arterial blood pressure (ABP) after birth in extremely preterm infants.Study Design:Prospective observational study of infants 23(0/7) to 26(6/7) weeks gestational age (GA). Antihypotensive therapy use and ABP measurements were recorded for the first 24 h.Result:A cohort of 367 infants had 18 709 ABP measurements recorded. ABP decreased for ...
Yu Zhangbin Z Department of Pediatrics, Nanjing Maternity and Child Healthcare Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, - - 2014
to prospectively validate a previously constructed transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) nomogram for identifying severe hyperbilirubinemia in healthy Chinese term and late-preterm infants. this was a multicenter study that included 9,174 healthy term and late-preterm infants in eight hospitals of China. TcB measurements were performed using a JM-103 bilirubinometer. TcB values were ...
Sliter Michael T - - 2014
Despite multiple calls for research, there has been little effort to incorporate topics regarding mortality salience and death anxiety into workplace literature. As such, the goals of the current study were to (a) examine how trait differences in death anxiety relate to employee occupational health outcomes and (b) examine how ...
Osmond Elizabeth E Neonatal Intensive Care unit, St Michaels, Bristol, - - 2014
To determine the aetiological associations, neurological sequelae and role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in term newborn infants with seizures. Cohort study of infants ≥37 weeks' gestation delivered in a tertiary level centre, prospectively identified and followed longitudinally for 18 to 24 months. An underlying aetiology was found in 95% ...
Gratz Kim L - - 2014
Evidence suggests that maternal borderline personality (BP) pathology increases offspring risk. This study examined the relations between maternal BP pathology and related emotional dysfunction (including emotion regulation [ER] difficulties and emotional intensity/reactivity) and infant ER difficulties. Specifically, we examined both self-focused and caregiver-focused ER behaviors and the modulation of emotional ...
Pappas Athina A Department of Pediatrics, Wayne State University, Detroit, - - 2014
Chorioamnionitis is strongly linked to preterm birth and neonatal infection. The association between histological and clinical chorioamnionitis and cognitive, behavioral, and neurodevelopmental outcomes among extremely preterm neonates is less clear. We evaluated the impact of chorioamnionitis on 18- to 22-month neurodevelopmental outcomes in a contemporary cohort of extremely preterm neonates. ...
Montaldo P P Department of Pediatrics, Second University of Naples, Naples, - - 2014
Objective:To investigate whether creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) and cardiac troponin I (cTnI) can be used to predict neurodevelopmental outcome at 18 months in infants with perinatal asphyxia (PA). The diagnostic value of cTnI to assess myocardial dysfunction was considered as well.Study Design:Retrospective study of 178 neonates admitted with PA. cTnI concentrations ...
Atasever Meryem M Department of Food Hygiene and Technology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Atatürk University, Erzurum, - - 2014
Breastfeeding may be considered as a risk factor for aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) exposure in early infancy. Hence, AFM1 levels in maternal breast milk (MBM) and the correlation between moldy cheese consumption of lactating mothers and infant exposure to AFM1 were investigated in this study. MBM samples from 73 lactating women ...
Alderliesten Thomas T Department of Neonatology, Wilhelmina Children's Hospital/University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare neurodevelopmental outcome, mean arterial blood pressure (MABP), and regional cerebral oxygenation (rSco2) between preterm neonates treated for hypotension and controls. Preterm neonates (N = 66) with a gestational age (GA) ≤32 weeks, without a patent ductus arteriosus, treated for hypotension (dopamine ≥5 μg/kg/min) were included. Neonates were matched to controls for GA, ...
Karen Tanja - - 2014
Newborns delivered by vacuum extraction quite often show clinical signs of a hemodynamic compromise, which is difficult to assess in terms of severity. The conventional means to measure the hemodynamic status are not sensitive enough to appreciate the severity of general, and more specifically of cerebral circulatory imbalance. The aim ...
Boucher Olivier O Centre de Recherche du CHUQ, Québec, Québec, Canada; Département de psychologie, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Québec, - - 2014
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), methylmercury (MeHg), and lead (Pb) are environmental contaminants known for their adverse effects on cognitive development. This study examined the effects of prenatal exposure to PCBs, MeHg, and Pb on cognitive development in a sample of Inuit infants from Arctic Québec. Mothers were recruited at local prenatal ...
Gergely Mihály M Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Therapy, Gottsegen György Hungarian Institute of Cardiology, Budapest, - - 2014
Monitoring and preserving adequate perfusion and oxygen balance is a primary objective of critical care. This prospective observational study aimed to assess the relationship between global haemodynamic parameters and variables reflecting tissue oxygenation during the early period following corrective cardiac surgery in neonates and infants. The postoperative time course of ...
Medeiros Patrícia B V PB Department of Dentistry, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Brasília, Brasília, - - 2014
The baby oral health program (bOHP) provides pregnant women and their future babies with oral care. To assess the bOHP effectiveness by comparing caries prevalence in infants enrolled and not enrolled in the oral health program (OHP). Mothers who had been invited to participate in the bOHP from 2006 to ...
Pergialiotis Vasileios V 1st Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Athens University, Medical School, Alexandra Hospital, 80, Vasilisis Sofias Avenue, Greece. Electronic address: - - 2014
The rates of cesarean section at full cervical dilatation (second stage cesarean sections) are currently increasing. The purpose of the present study is to compare maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality among cases offered cesarean section at full dilatation to those offered cesarean section prior to full dilatation. We searched ...
Selvaggi Carla C Pasteur Institute-Cenci Bolognetti Foundation, Department of Molecular Medicine, Laboratory of Virology, Sapienza University of - - 2014
The airway expression of type III interferons (IFNs) was evaluated in infants hospitalized for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) or rhinovirus (HRV) bronchiolitis. As an additional objective we sought to determine whether a different expression of IFN lambda 1-3 was associated with different harboring viruses, the clinical course of bronchiolitis or ...
Tran Thach Duc TD Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, The University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010, Australia; Jean Hailes Research Unit, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Victoria 3168, Australia; Research and Training Centre for Community Development, Hanoi, Vietnam. Electronic address: - - 2014
Little is known about the effect of common mental disorders (CMD) among women in the perinatal period on infant development in low-income countries. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of exposures to maternal symptoms of ante- and post-natal CMD on infant social-emotional development in a low-income ...
Alam Nurul N Centre for Population, Urbanization and Climate Change, ICDDR,B, Dhaka, - - 2014
In the absence of reliable systems for registering rare types of vital events large surveys are required to measure changes in their rates. However some events such as maternal deaths are widely known about in the community. This study examined the utility of asking respondents about events in their neighbourhood ...
Al Juaid Daifellah A M - - 2014
Breastfeeding is viewed as the optimal method of infant feeding that provides many benefits to both the infant and the mother. The monitoring and reporting of breastfeeding indicators are essential for any country to plan and implement effective promotion programs for sustainable breastfeeding. The aim of this review is to ...
Kaur Supreet S Center for Perinatal Research, The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio, United States of - - 2014
Premature infants exhibit widespread insults and delays in white matter maturation that can be sensitively detected early using diffusion tensor imaging. Diffusion tensor tractography facilitates in vivo visualization of white matter tracts and has the potential to be more sensitive than simpler two-dimensional DTI-based measures. However, the reliability and reproducibility ...
Modrzejewska Monika M Department of Ophthalmology, Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin, Poland. - - 2014
The Case study reports for the first time about development of massive iris neovascular complication in course of retinopathy of prematurity related to systemic and ocular ischemic syndrome due to tracheostomy-requiring extremely severe premature respiratory failure. Premature female, 950 grams birth weight, born from 17-year-old gravida 1, at 28 weeks' ...
Coret Catherine D CD Johnson & Johnson Consumer Companies, Inc, Skillman, NJ, - - 2014
To evaluate the tolerance of baby skin-care products with at least 95% naturally derived ingredients on infants and toddlers. Healthy, full-term infants and toddlers aged 1-36 months were enrolled. In study 1, a lightly fragranced natural baby hair and body wash (n=30), a lightly fragranced natural baby shampoo (n=30), or ...
Bélanger-Lévesque Marie-Noëlle MN Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Québec, - - 2014
Maternal satisfaction during the birthing process has been well documented, whereas little is known about the fathers' birth experiences. Our objective was to evaluate and compare the birth satisfaction of mothers and fathers. Comparative cross-sectional study. Number of participating centres: one level III maternity centre (2813 births in 2011) in ...
Wan Ming Wai MW Centre for Women's Mental Health, Institute of Brain, Behaviour and Mental Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, United - - 2014
Accumulating evidence suggests that mothers show a different pattern of brain responses when viewing their own compared to other infants. However, there is inconsistency across functional imaging studies regarding the key areas involved, and none have examined relationships between brain and behavioural responses to infants. We examined the brain regions ...
Westmark Cara J CJ Department of Neurology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of - - 2014
Seizures are a common phenotype in many neurodevelopmental disorders including fragile X syndrome, Down syndrome and autism. We hypothesized that phytoestrogens in soy-based infant formula were contributing to lower seizure threshold in these disorders. Herein, we evaluated the dependence of seizure incidence on infant formula in a population of autistic ...
Ardissone Alexandria N AN Department of Microbiology and Cell Science, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of - - 2014
Preterm birth is the second leading cause of death in children under the age of five years worldwide, but the etiology of many cases remains enigmatic. The dogma that the fetus resides in a sterile environment is being challenged by recent findings and the question has arisen whether microbes that ...
Yamashita Wakayo W Department of Information Science and Biomedical Engineering, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima, - - 2014
This study examined infants' visual perception of three-dimensional common objects. It has been reported that human adults perceive object images in a view-dependent manner: three-quarter views are often preferred to other views, and the sensitivity to object orientation is lower for three-quarter views than for other views. We tested whether ...
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