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Results 101 - 150 of 1304
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Kaplan Peter S PS Department of Psychology, University of Colorado Denver, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
To separate effects of maternal depression on infant cognitive versus language development, 1-year-olds were assessed using the revised Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development (BSID-III). Percentile scores on the Bayley Expressive Communication (EC) subscale were significantly negatively correlated with maternal self-report scores on the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II). However, ...
Mathews Meagan E ME The University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, NC, - - 2014
Many US women fall short of meeting the recommendations on breastfeeding. Whereas prenatal demographic factors have been well researched in relation to breastfeeding, psychosocial maternal characteristics are less understood but could be important predictors of breastfeeding initiation and duration. This study examined primiparous maternal psychosocial characteristics and temperamentally based negative ...
Baer Rebecca J RJ Genetic Disease Screening Program, California Department of Public Health, Richmond, CA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine the association between increased first trimester fetal nuchal translucency (NT) measurement and major non-cardiac structural birth defects in euploid infants. Included were 75,899 singleton infants without aneuploidy or critical congenital heart defects born in California in 2009 and 2010 with NT measured between 11 and 14 weeks of ...
Kerhoas Daphne D Jr. Research Group 'Primate Sexual Selection', German Primate Center , Kellnerweg 4, 37077 Goettingen , Germany , ; Jr. Research Group 'Primate Kin Selection', Max-Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology , Deutscher Platz 6, 04103 Leipzig , Germany , ; Institute of Biology, University of Leipzig , Talstrasse 33, 04103 Leipzig , Germany - - 2014
Premature loss of offspring decreases direct fitness of parents. In gregarious mammals, both ecological and social variables impact offspring survival and may interact with each other in this regard. Although a number of studies have investigated factors influencing offspring loss in mammals, we still know very little on how different ...
Lehr Victoria Tutag VT *The Eugene Applebaum College of Pharmacy & Health Sciences, Department of Pharmacy Practice, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI †Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, Pediatric Pharmacology Research Unit, Children's Hospital of Michigan, Detroit, MI ‡Division of Neonatal and Perinatal Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Hutzel Women's Hospital and Children's Hospital of Michigan, Wayne University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI §Children's Research Center of Michigan, Department of Pediatrics, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI ∥Division of Neonatology and Neonatal Translational Research Laboratory, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of oral sucrose on skin blood flow (SBF; perfusion units; PU) measured by Laser Doppler Imager (LDI) in term newborns and pain response (Neonatal Infant Pain Scale score; NIPS) during heel lance, and (2) determine SBF changes during heel lance and (3) the relationship between SBF ...
Möller Eline L EL Research Institute of Child Development and Education, University of Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Infants use signals from others to guide their behavior when confronted with novel situations, a process called 'social referencing' (SR). Via SR, signs of parental anxiety can lead to infant anxiety. Little is known about differences in the effect of paternal and maternal SR signals on child anxiety. Using a ...
Castillo Mariana Ulhôa MU Division of Neonatal Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (EPM-Unifesp), São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
Compare the habituation responses to external stimuli between preterm infants at the postconceptual age of 40 weeks and term infants in the first days of life, and evaluate the habituation responses of the preterm infants until the age of 40 postconceptual weeks. Prospective cohort study of preterm infants aged <32 weeks. The ...
Liang Ms PhD Candidate X X Department of Psychology, School of Education, Capital Normal University, Beijing, - - 2014
to investigate adult attachment status in first-time mothers, and stability and/or changes in maternal sensitivity during infancy. longitudinal study using quantitative and qualitative methods, and statistical modelling. Three home visits were undertaken when the infant was approximately six, nine and 14 months old. The Adult-to-Parental Attachment Experience Survey was used, ...
Rattray B N BN Department of Pediatrics, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, - - 2014
Objective:Evaluate spontaneous intestinal perforation (SIP)/death among extremely low birthweight (ELBW) infants before, during and after initiation of an antenatal magnesium for neuroprotection protocol (MgPro).Study Design:We tested associations between SIP/death and magnesium exposure, gestational age (GA) and interactions with GA and magnesium exposure in a cohort of inborn ELBW infants before, ...
Glassman Melissa E ME 1 Division of Child and Adolescent Health, Columbia University , New York, New - - 2014
Abstract Background: Latinas have high breastfeeding initiation rates that decrease significantly in the first postpartum months. Little is known about the effects of self-efficacy and sociocultural factors on early breastfeeding among low-income Latinas. This study quantifies early breastfeeding rates and identifies factors associated with breastfeeding at 4-6 weeks postpartum in ...
Stevenson Nathan J NJ Neonatal Brain Research Group, Irish Centre for Fetal and Neonatal Translational Research (INFANT), University College Cork, - - 2014
Measuring fluctuation of vigilance states in early preterm infants undergoing long term intensive care holds promise for monitoring their neurological well-being. There is currently, however, neither objective nor quantitative methods available for this purpose in a research or clinical environment. The aim of this proof-of-concept study was, therefore, to develop ...
Sehgal Arvind A Monash Newborn, Monash Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia, - - 2014
Existing data suggest subendocardial ischemia in preterm infants with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) and alterations in cardiac function after indomethacin administration. This study aimed to explore the evolution of left ventricular function by conventional echocardiography and speckle-tracking echocardiography (STE) and to ascertain the interrelationship with coronary flow indices in response ...
Davis Matthew A MA 1] Children's Environmental Health and Disease Prevention Research Center at Dartmouth, Hanover, New Hampshire, USA [2] Institute for Quantitative Biomedical Sciences Graduate Program, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire, - - 2014
A growing body of evidence suggests that in utero and early-life exposure to arsenic may have detrimental effects on children, even at the low to moderate levels common in the United States and elsewhere. In a sample of 170 mother-infant pairs from New Hampshire, we determined infant exposure to in ...
Umemura Tomo T Institute for Research on Children Youth and Family, Faculty of Social Studies, Masaryk University, Joštova 10, 602 00 Brno, Czech Republic. Electronic address: - - 2014
Using the NICHD Early Childcare dataset (N=1281), this study examined whether infant temperament and the amount of time infants spend in nonmaternal care independently predict (1) the likelihood that they seek comfort from their mother when needed and (2) placement in a particular subgroup of infant-mother attachment patterns. Mothers reported ...
McCloskey Kate - - 2014
Aortic intima-media thickness measured by transabdominal ultrasound (aIMT) is an intermediate phenotype of cardiovascular risk. We aimed to (1) investigate the reproducibility of aIMT in a population-derived cohort of infants; (2) establish the distribution of aIMT in early infancy; (3) compare measurement by edge-detection software to that by manual sonographic ...
Huggard D - - 2014
The Bayley scale of infant development is employed as the performance indicator at 2 years corrected gestational age for high risk paediatric groups. We compare neurodevelopmental outcomes in two cohorts of VLBW infants born in 1999 to a cohort born a decade later, while also examining the challenges of direct ...
Sawyer A A University of Sussex, Brighton, - - 2014
Preterm birth is a major challenge in perinatal healthcare. However, there is little research into parents' satisfaction with care during very preterm birth. Therefore the aim of the current study was to develop and evaluate a questionnaire to measure parents' experiences and satisfaction with care during very preterm birth. A ...
Dickins D D Liverpool Women's Hospital, Liverpool, - - 2014
To review unexpected term admissions to SCBU, identify areas for improvement in care of women in labour and highlight specific cases for learning points. Birth asphyxia is a significant cause of neonatal morbidity and carries a significant risk to the trust for future litigation. The overall incidence of neonatal encephalopathy ...
Wilcock A A University of Manchester, Manchester, - - 2014
: Although necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) carries significant morbidity/mortality in preterm babies, it is poorly understood and its identification is hindered by the lack of a single diagnostic test. Metabolomics offers innovative opportunities for biomarker discovery and improving pathogenetic insight. We implemented a novel pilot study to determine if metabolomics could ...
James A A Rotunda Hospital, Dublin, - - 2014
To assess the reliability of longitudinal strain (LS) and strain rate (SR) in the very low birth weight infants. LS and SR were measured in infants less than 28 weeks corrected gestational age using colour tissue Doppler at the mid segment of the LV free wall, the intra-ventricular septum and ...
James A A Rotunda Hospital, Dublin, - - 2014
Physiological changes of the preterm heart during the transitioning period are a challenging area to assess. Colour Tissue Doppler derived longitudinal strain (LS) and strain rate (SR) as well as tricuspid annulus plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) and fractional area change (FAC) are novel echocardiographic techniques for the assessment of left ...
Killeen H H National University of Ireland, Galway, Galway, - - 2014
Although much literature has focused on the cognitive, motor and behavioural sequelae of preterm birth, little attention in the medical literature has addressed its impact on everyday life skills. Few standardised assessments that measure adaptive behaviour are normed on a UK/Irish population of children. The Adaptive behaviour Assessment Scale-II (ABAS- ...
Hamade Haya - - 2014
The Middle East has one of the lowest rates of exclusive breastfeeding in the world, highlighting the need to promote breastfeeding in this region. Young adults represent a key population of interest, since decisions about infant-feeding appear to be made before children are even conceived. To examine breastfeeding knowledge, attitude, ...
Gasparović Vesna Elvedi - - 2014
Preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) occurs in 3 percent of all pregnancies and is responsible for, or associated with, approximately one-third of preterm births causing significant perinatal morbidity and fetal death. Preterm infants are very vulnerable to respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), periventricular leucomalacia (PVL), other neurological ...
Hall R A S RA Department of Developmental Psychology, Tilburg University, P.O. Box 90153, 5000 LE, Tilburg, The Netherlands, - - 2014
This prospective study examined whether or not a mother's representations of her infant were more often disrupted after premature childbirth. Furthermore, the study examined if different components of maternal interactive behavior mediated the relation between maternal disrupted representations and infant attachment. The participants were mothers of full-term (n = 75), moderately preterm ...
Zhang X X Department of Pediatrics, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, QC, - - 2014
To examine temporal trends in stillbirth and its risk factors in the United States (US), and to assess the contribution of labour induction and caesarean delivery to the stillbirth rate. Population-based cohort study based on linked birth-infant death and fetal death data files from the US National Vital Statistics System. ...
Mwangome Martha K MK 1KEMRI/Wellcome Trust Research Programme,PO Box 230,Kilifi - - 2014
To compare mothers' perceptions of their own infants' nutritional status with anthropometric indicators of undernutrition. A qualitative study and cross-sectional quantitative survey. The qualitative study involved developing tools to assess mother's perception. Two methods of verbal description and a pictorial scale were developed. The quantitative survey involved measuring maternal perception ...
Luczyńska Anna A Center for Chronic Immunodeficiency (CCI), Molecular Epidemiology, University Medical Center Freiburg, Engesser Strasse 4, 79108, Freiburg, - - 2014
Lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) are a major cause of hospitalization in infants. Research suggests that immunomodulatory properties of vitamin D may influence LRTI risk. This study's objective was to examine whether 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations in cord blood influenced susceptibility to LRTI in the first year of life. Data ...
Doralp Samantha S The University of Western Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
This paper highlights the development and testing of the Infant Movement Motivation Questionnaire (IMMQ), an instrument designed to evaluate qualities of infant characteristics that relate specifically to early motor development. The measurement development process included three phases: item generation, pilot testing and evaluation of acceptability and feasibility for parents and ...
Cremonese Cleber C Environment and Public Health Post-graduation Program, National School of Public Health, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (FIOCRUZ), Rio de Janeiro, - - 2014
To investigate the association between per capita pesticide consumption and infant mortality rates from CNS and CVS congenital malformations in microregions in the South and Southeast Region of Brazil. An ecological study was conducted using data on pesticide expenditure in 1985 and 1996, and deaths caused by CNS and CVS ...
Mitra S S Neonatal Unit, Rosie Hospital, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, - - 2014
Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and transcranial Doppler (TCD) allow non-invasive assessment of cerebral haemodynamics. We assessed cerebrovascular reactivity in preterm infants by investigating the relationship between NIRS and TCD derived indices and correlating them with severity of clinical illness. We recorded the NIRS derived cerebral tissue oxygenation index (TOI) and TCD ...
Philippi Heike H Center of Developmental Neurology, Frankfurt, - - 2014
To evaluate a kinematic paradigm of automatic general movements analysis in comparison to clinical assessment in 3-month-old infants and its prediction for neurodevelopmental outcome. Preterm infants at high risk (n=49; 26 males, 23 females) and term infants at low risk (n=18; eight males, 10 females) of developmental impairment were recruited ...
Weidauer Lee L Ethel Austin Martin Program in Human Nutrition, South Dakota State University, Brookings, SD, - - 2014
We compared the accuracy and reproducibility of using ulnar and lower leg length measurements to predict length and height in infants and children aged 0 to 6 years. Length/height and ulnar and lower leg length were measured in 352 healthy preterm and term-born children (167 males, 185 females) (Mean age= 2.6±1.6 years). ...
Han Sangyoun S Department of Ophthalmology, Kim's Eye Hospital, Seoul, - - 2014
We investigated chief complaints and ocular disorders in infants under one year of age and analyzed the association between complaints and disorders. The medical records of 815 infants were reviewed. Chief complaints were grouped into the following 11 categories: eyelid drooping, epiphora (tearing), ocular discharge, lid swelling, eyelashes touching the ...
Fusch Gerhard G Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, - - 2014
Significant biological variation in macronutrient content of breast milk is an important barrier that needs to be overcome to meet nutritional needs of preterm infants. To analyze macronutrient content, commercial infrared milk analyzers have been proposed as efficient and practical tools in terms of efficiency and practicality. Since milk analyzers ...
Leitner Yael Y Child Development Centre, Dana-Dwek Children's Hospital, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Centre, Weizman 6, 64239, Tel Aviv, Israel, - - 2014
The outcome of premature infants with only diffuse excessive high signal intensity (DEHSI) is not clear. We explored the relationship between DEHSI, white matter (WM) diffusion characteristics, perinatal characteristics, and neurobehavioral outcome at 1 year in a homogenous group of preterm infants without major brain abnormalities. Fifty-eight preterm infants, gestational age ...
Nanishi Keiko K Department of Community and Global Health, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan - - 2014
The 17-item Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale (IIFAS) has shown good reliability and validity to measure attitudes toward infant feeding in various countries. It is also known to be associated with breastfeeding intention and exclusivity. However, the IIFAS has not been psychometrically tested among Japanese women. This study aimed to ...
Ahmadpour-Kacho Mousa M Associate professor of pediatrics and neonatology, Non-Communicable Pediatric Diseases Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, IR, Iran. - - 2014
Several risk factors are attributed to retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). This study was done to determine any association between the hyperglycemia and ROP in premature infants. In a retrospective case-control analysis, all infants with a gestational age (GA) <34 weeks and a birth weight (BW) <2000g admitted and treated in ...
Graça André M AM Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Department of Paediatrics, Lisbon Academic Medical Center, Lisbon, - - 2014
Background: Periventricular white matter (PWM) is particularly vulnerable in very preterm infants. Non-cystic white matter injury, known as non-cystic periventricular leukomalacia (ncPVL), is the commonest 'lesion' affecting the preterm brain. There is no consensus about whether ncPVL can be reliably identified from cerebral ultrasound (cUS) or whether there is any ...
Ozdemir Hasan Hüseyin HH Neurology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Dicle University, Diyarbakir, - - 2014
Clothianidin (CLO) is one of the pesticides used to protect against insects, and its potential toxic effects on cognitive functions are not clearly known. This study aims to evaluate the possible effects of dose-dependent CLO on learning and memory in infant and adult male rats and the expression of related ...
Tong Amy Y AY Department of Ophthalmology, Duke University Eye Center, Durham, North - - 2014
To evaluate effects of prematurity on early optic nerve (ON) development and the usefulness of ON parameters as indicators of central nervous system (CNS) development and pathology. Prospective, cross-sectional, longitudinal study. Forty-four preterm infants undergoing retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) screening and 52 term infants. We analyzed ON from portable handheld ...
Schat Trijntje E TE University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Beatrix Children's Hospital, Division of Neonatology, Groningen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Splanchnic tissue oxygenation monitoring has been performed at both the liver and the infra-umbilical regions. It is unknown whether these measurements could be substituted one for the other when interpreting splanchnic oxygenation since they have not been measured simultaneously before. To evaluate the feasibility and safety of liver and infra-umbilical ...
Suzue Masashi M Department of Pediatrics, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima Graduate School, Kuramoto-cho 3-18-15, Tokushima, Tokushima, 770-8503, - - 2014
All components of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) are abundantly synthesized in the developing kidney, suggesting that the RAS plays an important role in renal development. To examine this system in human neonates, we measured urinary angiotensinogen levels in preterm and full-term neonates and examined the relationship between urinary angiotensinogen levels ...
Shin Na-Young NY Department of Radiology, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-ku, Seoul 120-752, Korea. - - 2014
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to assess the diagnostic performance of transient elastography and sonography for noninvasive evaluation of liver fibrosis in infants with biliary atresia. Methods- Forty-seven infants with biliary atresia who underwent both transient elastography and sonography before surgery were included in this study. Two types ...
Massarwa Abeer A Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, - - 2014
The question of the optimal route of delivery for pregnancies complicated by myelomeningocele is still controversial. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between mode of delivery and neonatal outcomes in such cases. Retrospective cohort study of singleton pregnancies complicated by myelomeningocele in a database of linked ...
Manuck Tracy A TA Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, - - 2014
Neonatal diagnoses are often used as surrogate endpoints for longer-term outcomes. We sought to characterize the correlation between neonatal diagnoses and early childhood neurodevelopment. We conducted secondary analysis of a multicenter randomized controlled trial of antenatal magnesium sulfate vs placebo administered to women at imminent risk for delivery <32.0 weeks ...
Gabbay-Benziv Rinat - - 2014
Abstract Aim: To investigate first trimester maternal characteristics of women with impaired glucose tolerance that deliver large for gestational age (LGA) infants. Methods: Nested analysis from a prospective study of singleton pregnancies enrolled at first trimester. We studied women with an abnormal 1 h glucose challenge test that had normal ...
Sarici Serdar Umit - - 2014
Purpose: Determination of bilirubin levels is performed for many newborns in the first days of life, and several different transcutaneous bilirubinometers are available. We aimed to determine whether transcutaneous bilirubin measurement, as performed using Jaundice Detector JH20-1C, a new device, correlates with Minolta/Hill-Rom Air-Shields Transcutaneous Jaundice Meter model JM-103.Design and ...
Shinskey Jeanne L JL Royal Holloway, University of London; University of South - - 2014
Infants' transfer of information from pictures to objects was tested by familiarizing 9-month-olds (N = 31) with either a color or black-and-white photograph of an object and observing their preferential reaching for the real target object versus a distractor. One condition tested object recognition by keeping both objects visible, and the other ...
Bekhof Jolita J Amalia Children's Center, Isala, Zwolle, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Glucosuria in preterm infants is often measured using a visually readable reagent strip, e.g., when monitoring total parenteral nutrition or during sepsis or when treating with corticosteroids. However, the specific circumstances in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), such as the use of diapers and the high temperature in incubators, ...
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