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Gunnarsson Björn B Norwegian Air Ambulance Foundation, Drøbak, Norway; Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, - - 2014
To study the incidence, maternal characteristics and outcome of unplanned out-of-institution births (= unplanned births) in Norway. Register-based cross-sectional study. All births in Norway (n = 892 137) from 1999 to 2013 with gestational age ≥22 weeks. Analysis of data from the Medical Birth Registry of Norway from 1999 to 2013. Unplanned births (n = 6062) ...
Corsini Iuri I Department of Neurosciences, Psychology, Drug Research and Child Health, Careggi University Hospital of Florence, Florence, - - 2014
Abstract pneumomediastinum (PM) occurs in approximately 0.1% of newborns. Its diagnosis is usually followed by admission of the infant to a neonatal care unit for treatment and monitoring. Aim. We report the outcome of a cohort of late preterm and term infants who developed PM in our center, and review ...
Pierson Rebecca C RC Indiana University School of Medicine and Department of Medicine, Division of Clinical Pharmacology, and Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, - - 2014
To evaluate whether the use of ampicillin and azithromycin leads to a similar latency period in preterm premature rupture of membranes as ampicillin and erythromycin and whether the substitution of azithromycin for erythromycin effects rates of other outcomes. We performed a retrospective cohort study of women with preterm premature rupture ...
Waskosky Aksana - - 2014
Based on research evidence, the purpose was to implement noninvasive approaches in the initial respiratory stabilization of preterm infants. Quality improvement project. One hundred fourteen infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care nursery (NICN) from January 1, 2012 to May 31, 2012 served as a historical control group. Ninety-four infants ...
García-García Emilio E Virgen del Rocío Hospital, Sevilla, Spain - - 2014
Neonatal severe primary hyperparathyroidism presents in the first days of life with severe life-threatening hypercalcemia. It is associated with an inactivating homozygous mutation of the calcium sensing receptor gene. Total parathyroidectomy is the treatment of choice, so the surgeon must identify all the parathyroid tissue, including supernumerary and ectopic glands. ...
Grisaru-Soen G G Pediatric Infectious Disease Unit, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, - - 2014
This report describes the management and outcome of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and paediatric ICU (PICU) exposure to a 26-day-old premature infant with congenital tuberculosis (TB). The infant's mother underwent chest X-ray (CXR) and sputum culture. Contacts of the infant were identified. Tuberculin skin tests (TSTs) were performed on ...
White-Traut Rosemary R Children's Hospital of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, United States; Women, Children and Family Health Science, College of Nursing, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Preterm infants are challenged by immature infant behavioral organization which may negatively influence their ability to oral feed. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the integrated H-HOPE (Hospital to Home: Optimizing the Infant's Environment) intervention would improve infant behavioral organization by increasing the frequency of orally directed ...
Magee Susanna R SR From the Department of Family Medicine, Memorial Hospital of Rhode Island, Providence (SRM, MN); Butler Hospital, Providence, RI (CB); Women & Infants' Hospital of Rhode Island, Providence (CB); and Warren Alpert Medical School, Brown University, Providence, RI (SRM, CB, JM, MN). - - 2014
In this commentary we describe our experience developing a "gentle cesarean" program at a community hospital housing a family medicine residency program. The gentle cesarean technique has been popularized in recent obstetrics literature as a viable option to enhance the experience and outcomes of women and families undergoing cesarean delivery. ...
Rosales-Velderrain Armando A Department of Pediatric Surgery, Joe DiMaggio Children's Hospital, Hollywood, Florida, - - 2014
The small volume of the infant abdomen limits the application of laparoscopic procedures. We successfully repaired a duodenal atresia in a 2-kg female infant using a standard diamond-shaped anastomosis and intracorporeal suturing and knot-tying techniques. Anesthesia and positive pressure ventilation assured adequate gas exchange during pneumoperitoneum during the procedure.
Bulbul Ali A Ali Bulbul, MD, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Sisli Hamidiye Etfal Children Hospital, Istanbul, - - 2014
To determine clinical features, etiology and risk factors in term and near term newborns with severe hyperbilirubinemia. During ten years period (2000 - 2009), infants of ≥ 35 gestational weeks who received phototherapy were evaluated retrospectively. The study population was divided into two groups and clinical features, etiology and risk ...
Nwafor M I MI Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, - - 2014
Background: The relationship between perinatal outcome and anesthetic technique for preterm cesarean sections has not been explored in South Eastern, Nigeria. Objective: The objective of the following study is to evaluate perinatal outcome in preterm cesarean sections conducted under general anesthesia (GA) and subarachnoid block (SAB) with the aim to ...
MacDorman Marian F MF National Center for Health - - 2014
Objectives-This report investigates the reasons for the United States' high infant mortality rate when compared with European countries. Specifically, the report measures the impact on infant mortality differences of two major factors: the percentage of preterm births and gestational age-specific infant mortality rates. Methods-Infant mortality and preterm birth data are ...
Seyyedrasooli Alehe A Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, - - 2014
Considering the prevalence of Jaundice in newborn infants and the risk of developing acute Bilirubin encephalopathy, in early weeks after birth. the importance of Infancy, as well as positive effects of giving massage on physical and behavioral growth and evolution of infants, the current study has been aimed to investigate ...
Ni She R - - 2014
Incidence of Trisomy 21 in Ireland, 1:546 live births, is the highest in Europe. This project aimed to define the incidence of T21 amongst liveborn infants at Cork University Maternity Hospital (CUMH), and to describe neonatal outcomes and progress in their first year. Infants were identified from Social Work department ...
Travers C P - - 2014
Details of telephone consultations concerning infants were recorded prospectively over a two month period in the National Maternity Hospital (NMH). There were one hundred and forty-six calls recorded. One hundred and sixteen (79.5%) calls were from mothers. The average age of the infants was twenty-eight days. Eighty (54.8%) calls were ...
Pavithran Sreeja S Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, The Madras Medical Mission, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, - - 2014
The larger size of the currently available transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) probes limits their use to relatively older infants undergoing cardiac surgery. In very young neonates and infants, epicardial echocardiogram is used to assess postoperative residual defects. Recently, a miniaturized microTEE probe compatible in neonates has been introduced for clinical use. ...
Moyer Laurel B LB Divisions of Neonatology and Perinatal Institute - - 2014
The goal of this study was to evaluate risk factors for readmission among late-preterm (34-36 weeks' gestation) infants in clinical practice. This was a retrospective, matched case-control study of late-preterm infants receiving care across 8 regional hospitals in 2009 in the United States. Those readmitted within 28 days of birth ...
Ding Y-J YJ Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, PR China. - - 2014
The aim of this study was to clarify the role of N-terminal pro- brain natriuretic peptide, (NT-proBNP) in ibuprofen on preterm infants with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). Preterm infants with PDA were enrolled in the present study. Patients were randomized into two groups: ibuprofen group received oral ibuprofen 10 mg/kg, ...
Badiee Zohreh Z Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, and Child Growth and Development Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
The aim was to compare the intensity of pain caused by suprapubic aspiration (SPA) and urethral catheterization for urine sampling in premature infants. A prospective randomized controlled design with 80 premature infants in Alzahra University Hospital, Isfahan, Iran was conducted. Premature newborns who needed urine samples for microbiologic analysis were ...
Ikeda Toshifumi T Department of Neonatology, Perinatal Center of Aomori Prefectural Central Hospital, 2-1-1, Higashitsukurimichi, Aomori-shi, Aomori, 030-8553, Japan, - - 2014
This prospective observational study aimed to investigate the association between changes in the Doppler perfusion waveform of the internal cerebral vein and risk of intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) in extremely low-birth-weight (ELBW) infants. We evaluated the perfusion waveform of the internal cerebral vein every 8 h from immediately after birth to 144 h ...
Rupprecht Thomas T Institute for Pathology, Children's Hospital Bayreuth, Bayreuth, - - 2014
Background: Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a major cause of mortality and morbidity in infants with an extremely low birth weight. Because there is no effective therapy, the mortality of this condition in severely affected patients is high. Therapeutic blocking of the leukotriene system seems to be a logical approach due ...
Montirosso Rosario R 0-3 Center for the Study of Social Emotional Development of at Risk Infant, Scientific Institute, IRCCS Eugenio Medea, Bosisio Parini, LC, - - 2014
This study investigates infants' memory for social stress after a 15-day retention interval using behavior and respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA). Experimental group infants were exposed to face-to-face still-face paradigm (FFSF) two times; the first time at 4 months and after a 2-week interval. Control group infants were exposed to FFSF ...
Pautassi Ricardo Marcos RM Instituto de Investigación Médica M. y M. Ferreyra (INIMEC - CONICET-Universidad Nacional de Córdoba), Córdoba, C.P 5000, Argentina; Facultad de Psicología, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Córdoba, C.P 5000, - - 2014
The review focuses on operant self-administration of ethanol in immature, infant rats. Several methods for the analysis of ethanol intake in infants are available, yet only oral-self administration models the typical pattern of ethanol consumption found in humans. The study of ethanol intake in infants is important for our understanding ...
Lund Najaaraq - - 2014
The effect of oral polio vaccine administered already at birth (OPV0) on child survival was not examined before being recommended in 1985. Observational data suggested that OPV0 was harmful for boys, and trials have shown that neonatal vitamin A supplementation (NVAS) at birth may be beneficial for boys. We set ...
Torrazza R M RM Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, - - 2014
Objective:Little information exists regarding gastric residual (GR) evaluation prior to feedings in premature infants. The purpose of this study was to compare the amount of feedings at 2 and 3 weeks of age, number of days to full feedings, growth and incidence of complications between infants who underwent RGR (routine ...
Morton Susan M B SM Centre for Longitudinal Research - He Ara ki Mua, The University of Auckland, New Zealand; Growing Up in New Zealand, The University of Auckland, New - - 2014
Objective: To compare the birth characteristics of the Growing Up in New Zealand cohort with those of all New Zealand (NZ) births over a similar time period, and to describe cohort alignment to current NZ births. Method: The Growing Up in New Zealand longitudinal study recruited 6,846 children from before ...
Smit Elisa E School of Clinical Sciences, University of Bristol and Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, St Michaels Hospital, University Hospitals Bristol, Bristol, United - - 2014
Therapeutic hypothermia is effective and without serious adverse effects in term infants with hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy. It is unknown whether other neonatal patient groups could benefit from therapeutic hypothermia. Since 2006 our centre has offered cooling to infants fulfilling the standard cooling criteria, but also to those who did not. Observational ...
Maas Christoph C Department of Neonatology, University Hospital, Tuebingen, - - 2014
To investigate birth prevalence of Robin Sequence (RS), distribution of implemented treatments and factors influencing weight gain during initial hospitalisation. Prospective population-based survey (August 2011-July 2013) on new hospital admissions of infants with RS in Germany. RS was defined as retrognathia/micrognathia and at least one of the following: upper airway ...
van Gelder Marleen M H J MM Department for Health Evidence, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The - - 2014
Studies on associations between periconceptional cannabis exposure and birth defects have mainly relied on self-reported exposure. Therefore, the results may be biased due to under-reporting of the exposure. The aim of this study was to quantify the potential effects of this form of exposure misclassification. Using multivariable logistic regression, we ...
Ruano Rodrigo R Texas Children's Fetal Center and Baylor College of Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and - - 2014
To evaluate the impact of congenital heart anomaly (CHA) and its potential contribution to morbidity and mortality in infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). In the present retrospective cohort study, prenatal and postnatal data of all newborns diagnosed with CDH between January 2004 and November 2012 in a single center ...
Ben-Itzhak Drorit D 1Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Faculty of Health Professions, Ono Academic College, Kiryat Ono, Israel*; 2MICHA Multidisciplinary Center for Children with Hearing Loss, Tel Aviv, Israel; and 3Department of Communication Disorders, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, - - 2014
This study investigated the use of the Infant-Toddler Meaningful Auditory Integration Scale (IT-MAIS) as a measure of early auditory skill development in aided infants and toddlers with varying degrees of hearing loss. Specific goals were (1) to rate the change in IT-MAIS score as a function of change in hearing ...
Yeh Yi-Ting YT Division of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, - - 2014
There is a lack of consensus regarding the treatment of total colonic aganglionosis (TCA) with respect to perioperative morbidity, mortality, complications, and functional outcomes. The aim of this study was to review the results of surgical TCA treatment over a 26-year period and characterize the outcomes. We retrospectively reviewed the ...
Parajuli Rajendra Prasad RP Department of Human Ecology, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan; International Institute for Child Rights and Development (IICRD), PO Box 8646 Victoria Main, Victoria, BC, Canada V8W 3S2. Electronic address: - - 2014
In a birth cohort living in Chitwan Valley, lowland Nepal, we have previously reported inverse associations between in utero levels of lead (Pb), arsenic (As) and neurodevelopment at birth measured by the Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale, third edition (NBAS III). In the present paper, a follow-up of the same ...
Winhusen Theresa T Addiction Sciences Division, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neuroscience, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, 3131 Harvey Avenue, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The growing opioid-use epidemic in the U.S. has been associated with a significant increase in the prevalence of pregnant opioid-dependent women and of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS), which is caused by withdrawal from in-utero exposure to drugs. While methadone-maintenance currently is the standard of care for opioid dependence during pregnancy, ...
Sharma R R Department of Pediatrics, University of Florida College of Medicine, Jacksonville, FL, - - 2014
Objective:Recent reports have posited a temporal association between blood transfusion with packed red blood cells (BT) and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). We evaluated the relationship between BT and NEC among infants at three hospitals who were consented at birth into a prospective observational study of NEC.Study Design:We used a case-control design ...
Murthy K K Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago and the Department of Pediatrics, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University Chicago, Chicago, IL, - - 2014
Objective:To characterize the population and short-term outcomes in preterm infants with surgical necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC).Study Design:Preterm infants with surgical NEC were identified from 27 hospitals over 3 years using the Children's Hospitals Neonatal Database; infants with gastroschisis, volvulus, major congenital heart disease or surgical NEC that resolved prior to referral ...
Padovani Tania Regina TR Pharmaceutical Sciences Post graduate Course, University of Sorocaba, UNISO, Brazil; Pontificia Universidade Católica São Paulo, - - 2014
Although previous evidence suggests advantages of nifedipine over terbutaline as tocolytic agents, in some jurisdictions, terbutaline is approved for use and nifedipine is not. In women in preterm labour, we compared the impact of terbutaline versus nifedipine on inhibition of uterine contractions, preterm birth, neonatal sepsis, intracranial haemorrhage or necrotizing ...
Su Bai-Horng BH Department of Pediatrics, China Medical University Children's Hospital, College of Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study compared the current trend in survival rates and morbidity for very low birth weight (VLBW) infants in five Medical Training Centers of Prematurity for the Premature Baby Foundation of Taiwan (PBFT), with the outcomes from the USA, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network ...
Uchiyama Atsushi - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Our objective was to evaluate effects of levothyroxine (l-T4) supplementation against neurodevelopmental outcomes at 18 months of corrected age in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants with hypothyroxinemia but without elevated thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) concentration. Methods: VLBW infants who had plasma TSH concentrations <10 μU/mL and free thyroxine (FT4) concentrations <0.8 ...
Brunkhorst Jessica J Children's Mercy Hospital and Clinics, 2401 Gillham Road, Kansas City, MO 64108, - - 2014
For more than half a century neonatologists and ethicists alike have struggled with ethical dilemmas surrounding infants born at the limits of viability. Both doctors and parents face difficult decisions. Do we try to save these babies, knowing that such efforts are likely to be unsuccessful? Or do we provide ...
Hengge Ulrich R UR Skin Center, Immermannstraße 10, 40210, Düsseldorf, Germany, - - 2014
Cradle cap is a very common condition in infants that presents as greasy, scaly patches on the scalp within the first weeks of life. Although usually disappearing by itself, the condition worries parents because of its appearance. When removing the scales, it is crucial to prevent spot bleedings to avoid ...
Killeen Hazel H Discipline of Occupational Therapy, School of Health Sciences, College of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, National University of Ireland, Galway, Newcastle road, Galway, Ireland, - - 2014
Outcome studies of premature babies have focused their assessments predominately on neurodevelopmental impairments without relating these deficits to the impact they have on a child's everyday life. This study aims to determine whether very 'preterm birth alone' impacts on a child's ability to participate in and carry out childhood activities. ...
Tikotzky Liat L a Department of Psychology Ben-Gurion University of the - - 2014
This study examined the links between maternal sleep, maternal depressive symptoms, and mothers' perceptions of their emotional relationship with their infant in a self-recruited sample of mothers. Eighty mothers of infants 3-18 months old completed sleep diaries for 5 consecutive nights, and questionnaires assessing sleep (Insomnia Severity Index [ISI]), depressive ...
Makelarski Jennifer A JA Department of Epidemiology, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, - - 2014
Background: Adverse associations between maternal pesticide exposure and neural tube defects (NTDs) have been suggested but not consistently observed. This study used data from the multisite National Birth Defects Prevention Study to examine associations between maternal periconceptional (1 month preconception through 2 months postconception) occupational pesticide exposure and NTDs. Methods: ...
Schilleman K K Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The - - 2014
Neonatal resuscitation is often retrospectively documented, which can lead to inaccuracy and incomplete recording of delivery room management. In this study, we assessed the accuracy and completeness of neonatal resuscitation documentation in our neonatal intensive care unit. Recordings of physiological parameters and video data were performed in the delivery room ...
Kobyletzki Laura von LV Department of Dermatology, Lund University, Skåne University Hospital, SE-205 02 Malmö, Sweden. laura.von_kobyletzki@med.lu.se, - - 2014
The individual prognosis of infants with atopic dermatitis (AD) is important for parents, healthcare professionals, and society. The aim of this study was to investigate predictors for remission of infant AD until school age. A systematic review was carried out of clinical and epidemiological studies investigating the effect of filaggrin ...
Philbrook Lauren E LE The Pennsylvania State University, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Previous work has shown that early experience influences infant cortisol secretion. Few studies, however, have examined associations between parenting quality and cortisol levels and patterning in very young infants. This study examined linkages between maternal emotional availability (EA) during a routine caregiving task, bedtime, and infant cortisol in the first ...
Tang Minghua M From the Section of Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, - - 2014
High intake of cow-milk protein in formula-fed infants is associated with higher weight gain and increased adiposity, which have led to recommendations to limit protein intake in later infancy. The impact of protein from meats for breastfed infants during complementary feeding may be different. We examined the effect of protein ...
Prior Tomas T Centre for Fetal Care, Queen Charlotte's and Chelsea Hospital, Du Cane Road, London W12 0HS, UK; Institute for Reproductive and Developmental Biology, Imperial College London, London W12 0HS, UK; Mater Research Institute/University of Queensland, Aubigny Place, Raymond Terrace, South Brisbane 4101, QLD, - - 2014
Current intra-partum monitoring techniques are often criticized for their poor specificity, with their performance frequently evaluated using measures of the neonatal condition at birth as a surrogate marker for intra-partum fetal compromise. However, these measures may potentially be influenced by a multitude of other factors, including the mode of delivery ...
Sanchez Aura A AA Department of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis Children's Hospital, Saint Louis, - - 2014
Frame rate (FR) of image acquisition is an important determinant of the reliability of 2-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (2DSTE)-derived myocardial strain. Premature infants have relatively high heart rates (HR). The aim was to analyze the effects of varying FR on the reproducibility of 2DSTE-derived right ventricle (RV) and left ventricle ...
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