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Results 101 - 150 of 1331
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Kato Kayoko - - 2014
Data on predictors of gestational exposure to poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in the United States are limited. To fill in this gap, in a multiethnic cohort of Ohio pregnant women recruited in 2003-2006, we measured perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), perfluorooctanoate (PFOA), and six additional PFASs in maternal serum at ~16 ...
Bicking Kinsey Cara - - 2014
Miscarriage, the unexpected loss of pregnancy before 20 weeks gestation, may have a negative effect on a mother's perception of herself as a capable woman and on her emotional health when she is pregnant again subsequent to the miscarriage. As such, a mother with a history of miscarriage may be ...
Brindle Mary Elizabeth ME Department of Surgery, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada; - - 2014
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a condition with a highly variable outcome. Some infants have a relatively mild disease process, whereas others have significant pulmonary hypoplasia and hypertension. Identifying high-risk infants postnatally may allow for targeted therapy.METHODS: Data were obtained on 2202 infants from the Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Study Group ...
Tenorio Violeta V Neonatal and Maternal-Fetal Medicine Department, ICGON, Hospital Clınic, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; Fetal and Perinatal Medicine Research Group, Institut d'Investigacions Biomediques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), Barcelona, - - 2014
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the association between a quantitative texture analysis of early neonatal brain ultrasound images and later neurobehavior in preterm infants. A prospective cohort study including 120 preterm (<33 wk of gestational age) infants was performed. Cranial ultrasound images taken early after birth were analyzed ...
Iijima Shigeo - - 2014
Neonates routinely receive vitamin K to prevent vitamin K deficiency bleeding, which is associated with a high mortality rate and a high frequency of neurological sequelae. A coagulation screening test might be necessary to detect prophylactic failure or incomplete prophylaxis. However, venous access and the volume of blood required for ...
Song Juan J Department of Pediatrics, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, - - 2014
Purpose The aim of the article is to assess the predictive value of amplitude-integrated electroencephalogram (aEEG) for cerebral white matter damage (WMD) in preterm infants. Patients and Methods Preterms ≤ 32 weeks' gestational age (GA) born between March 2012 and December 2012 were enrolled. The aEEG patterns within 72 hours were classified and recorded ...
Yürümez Esra - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the relationship between mothers and their developmentally normal infants in terms of maternal alexithymia, depression and anxiety, and marital satisfaction. Methods: Fifty children between 18 and 48 months of age and their mothers were referred consecutively to the Infant Mental Health Unit of Ankara University School ...
Vance Deborah A DA Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Seton Medical Center Austin, Texas (Mss Vance and Moynihan); Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Dell Children's Medical Center of Central Texas, Austin (Ms Demel); Nursing Strategic Initiatives, Lyndon B. Johnson General Hospital, Houston, Texas (Dr Kirksey); and Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nurse Department, Seton Healthcare Family, Austin, Texas (Ms - - 2014
Infants, especially those born prematurely, are at increased risk for skin breakdown because of the immaturity and fragility of their skin. Following an appraisal of existing skin risk assessment scales, we surmised that none provided valid, clear, and concise assessment criteria and direction for treatment interventions specifically for use with ...
Blaggan Samarita S Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom; - - 2014
The Parent Report of Children's Abilities-Revised (PARCA-R) is a questionnaire for assessing cognitive and language development in very preterm infants. Given the increased risk of developmental delay in infants born late and moderately preterm (LMPT; 32-36 weeks), this study aimed to validate this questionnaire as a screening tool in this ...
Mello Bernadete B Departamento de Desenvolvimento Humano e Reabilitação, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, SP, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to compare the behavior of full-term small-for-gestational age (SGA) with full-term appropriate-for gestational age (AGA) infants in the first year of life. We prospectively evaluated 68 infants in the 2nd month, 67 in the 6th month and 69 in the 12th month. The Bayley ...
NooriShadkam Mahmood M Department of Pediatrics, Children Growth Disorder Research Center, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, - - 2014
Hyaline membrane disease (HMD) has remained a common neonatal problem and is a cause of morbidity in infants. The shake test can be used to assess whether surfactant is present in the infant's lungs at birth. The goal of this study was to determine the usefulness and accuracy of gastric ...
Prabhu Sudha Rathna SR Consultant Pediatrician, Madras Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, - - 2014
To establish normative data for stretched penile length (SPL) in term male neonates born in Tamil Nadu. All live term male neonates delivered in a hospital during a given period were included. SPL was measured from the pubic ramus to the tip of the glans. Two consecutive measurements were taken ...
Yakoob M Y MY Mohammad Y Yakoob, Departments of Epidemiology and Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston MA, USA; E-mail: - - 2014
Very preterm births (between 23 and 29 weeks' gestation) are a major perinatal health issue worldwide, particularly in developing countries, with limited resources. Limited data exists on survival of very preterm infants from Pakistan and antenatal predictors dictating survival have not been evaluated. This descriptive study was a case-series of ...
Banik S K SK Dr Sukhamoy Kangsha Banik, Associate Professor (Neonatology), Department of Paediatrics, SSMC & Mitford Hospital, Dhaka, - - 2014
Early onset of hyperglycemia is common among low birth weight neonates. Increased risk for death and major morbidities has been observed among hyperglycemic low birth weight infants. This prospective observational study was done to find out hyperglycemia as a predictor of increased morbidity and mortality in the low birth weight ...
Abdeyazdan Zahra Z Department of Pediatric and Neonatal Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
Preterm infants constitute a large proportion of the newborn population in the neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). Parents, as the main members of the care team, are not adequately supported as the focus is chiefly on infant care. The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of a family support ...
Angrisani Rosanna Giaffredo RG School of Medicine, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
To follow up the maturation of the auditory pathway in preterm infants small for gestational age (SGA), through the study of absolute and interpeak latencies of auditory brainstem response (ABR) in the first six months of age. This multicentric prospective cross-sectional and longitudinal study assessed 76 newborn infants, 35 SGA ...
O'Riordan A - - 2014
Pertussis is a highly contagious disease caused by the Gram negative aerobic coccobacillus, Bordetella pertussis. It may present with severe symptoms and complications in infants and can pose a diagnostic challenge. This is a vaccine preventable illness covered by the Irish Childhood Immunisation Schedule. In 2011, a retrospective review was ...
van der Pol Rachel J RJ Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Emma Children's Hospital, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
It is hypothesized that laryngeal edema is caused by laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) (ie, gastroesophageal reflux extending into the larynx and pharynx). The validated reflux finding score (RFS) assesses LPR disease in adults. We, therefore, aimed to develop an adapted RFS for infants (RFS-I) and assess its observer agreement. Visibility of ...
Lipkie Tristan E TE Department of Food Science, Purdue University, West Lafayette, - - 2014
Clinical evidence suggests that the bioavailability of lutein is lower from infant formula than from human milk. The purpose of this study was to assess characteristics of human milk and lutein-fortified infant formula that may impact carotenoid delivery. Carotenoid bioaccessibility and intestinal absorption were modeled by in vitro digestion coupled ...
Lorenz Laila L Department of Neonatology, University Children's Hospital of Tübingen, Tübingen, - - 2014
Background: Iron deficiency (ID) contributes to anaemia of prematurity, and hence the reliable assessment of iron nutrition status appears to be mandatory. Objective: To establish gestational age (GA)-specific reference ranges for hepcidin concentrations in cord blood [Hep(CB)] of preterm and term infants and to identify pre- and perinatal confounding factors. ...
Quinn Graham E GE Division of Pediatric Ophthalmology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, - - 2014
The present strategy to identify infants needing treatment for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) requires repeated examinations of at-risk infants by physicians. However, less than 10% ultimately require treatment. Retinal imaging by nonphysicians with remote image interpretation by nonphysicians may provide a more efficient strategy. To evaluate the validity of a ...
Nevalainen Päivi P BioMag Laboratory, Hospital District of Helsinki and Uusimaa, HUS Medical Imaging Center, Helsinki University Central Hospital (HUCH), Helsinki, Finland; Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, Children's Hospital, HUS Medical Imaging Center, HUCH, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Prior studies on extremely preterm infants have reported long-term prognostic value of absent secondary somatosensory cortex (SII) responses in magnetoencephalography (MEG) at term. The present work (i) further examines the potential added value of SII responses in neonatal neurological evaluation of preterm infants, and (ii) tests whether SII responses are ...
Tavasoli Azita A Department of Pediatric Neurology, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Motor developmental impairment is a common symptom in low birth weight neonates. The Peabody Developmental Motor Scales-second edition is an instrument for measuring motor abilities in these infants. This study aimed to validate the Peabody Developmental Motor Scales-second edition in Iran. This was a prospective clinical validation study. The reliability ...
Kaplan Peter S PS Department of Psychology, University of Colorado Denver, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
To separate effects of maternal depression on infant cognitive versus language development, 1-year-olds were assessed using the revised Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development (BSID-III). Percentile scores on the Bayley Expressive Communication (EC) subscale were significantly negatively correlated with maternal self-report scores on the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II). However, ...
Mathews Meagan E ME The University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, NC, - - 2014
Many US women fall short of meeting the recommendations on breastfeeding. Whereas prenatal demographic factors have been well researched in relation to breastfeeding, psychosocial maternal characteristics are less understood but could be important predictors of breastfeeding initiation and duration. This study examined primiparous maternal psychosocial characteristics and temperamentally based negative ...
Baer Rebecca J RJ Genetic Disease Screening Program, California Department of Public Health, Richmond, CA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine the association between increased first trimester fetal nuchal translucency (NT) measurement and major non-cardiac structural birth defects in euploid infants. Included were 75,899 singleton infants without aneuploidy or critical congenital heart defects born in California in 2009 and 2010 with NT measured between 11 and 14 weeks of ...
Kerhoas Daphne D Jr. Research Group 'Primate Sexual Selection', German Primate Center , Kellnerweg 4, 37077 Goettingen , Germany , ; Jr. Research Group 'Primate Kin Selection', Max-Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology , Deutscher Platz 6, 04103 Leipzig , Germany , ; Institute of Biology, University of Leipzig , Talstrasse 33, 04103 Leipzig , Germany - - 2014
Premature loss of offspring decreases direct fitness of parents. In gregarious mammals, both ecological and social variables impact offspring survival and may interact with each other in this regard. Although a number of studies have investigated factors influencing offspring loss in mammals, we still know very little on how different ...
Lehr Victoria Tutag VT *The Eugene Applebaum College of Pharmacy & Health Sciences, Department of Pharmacy Practice, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI †Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, Pediatric Pharmacology Research Unit, Children's Hospital of Michigan, Detroit, MI ‡Division of Neonatal and Perinatal Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Hutzel Women's Hospital and Children's Hospital of Michigan, Wayne University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI §Children's Research Center of Michigan, Department of Pediatrics, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI ∥Division of Neonatology and Neonatal Translational Research Laboratory, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of oral sucrose on skin blood flow (SBF; perfusion units; PU) measured by Laser Doppler Imager (LDI) in term newborns and pain response (Neonatal Infant Pain Scale score; NIPS) during heel lance, and (2) determine SBF changes during heel lance and (3) the relationship between SBF ...
Möller Eline L EL Research Institute of Child Development and Education, University of Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Infants use signals from others to guide their behavior when confronted with novel situations, a process called 'social referencing' (SR). Via SR, signs of parental anxiety can lead to infant anxiety. Little is known about differences in the effect of paternal and maternal SR signals on child anxiety. Using a ...
Castillo Mariana Ulhôa MU Division of Neonatal Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (EPM-Unifesp), São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
Compare the habituation responses to external stimuli between preterm infants at the postconceptual age of 40 weeks and term infants in the first days of life, and evaluate the habituation responses of the preterm infants until the age of 40 postconceptual weeks. Prospective cohort study of preterm infants aged <32 weeks. The ...
Liang Ms PhD Candidate X X Department of Psychology, School of Education, Capital Normal University, Beijing, - - 2014
to investigate adult attachment status in first-time mothers, and stability and/or changes in maternal sensitivity during infancy. longitudinal study using quantitative and qualitative methods, and statistical modelling. Three home visits were undertaken when the infant was approximately six, nine and 14 months old. The Adult-to-Parental Attachment Experience Survey was used, ...
Rattray B N BN Department of Pediatrics, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, - - 2014
Objective:Evaluate spontaneous intestinal perforation (SIP)/death among extremely low birthweight (ELBW) infants before, during and after initiation of an antenatal magnesium for neuroprotection protocol (MgPro).Study Design:We tested associations between SIP/death and magnesium exposure, gestational age (GA) and interactions with GA and magnesium exposure in a cohort of inborn ELBW infants before, ...
Glassman Melissa E ME 1 Division of Child and Adolescent Health, Columbia University , New York, New - - 2014
Abstract Background: Latinas have high breastfeeding initiation rates that decrease significantly in the first postpartum months. Little is known about the effects of self-efficacy and sociocultural factors on early breastfeeding among low-income Latinas. This study quantifies early breastfeeding rates and identifies factors associated with breastfeeding at 4-6 weeks postpartum in ...
Stevenson Nathan J NJ Neonatal Brain Research Group, Irish Centre for Fetal and Neonatal Translational Research (INFANT), University College Cork, - - 2014
Measuring fluctuation of vigilance states in early preterm infants undergoing long term intensive care holds promise for monitoring their neurological well-being. There is currently, however, neither objective nor quantitative methods available for this purpose in a research or clinical environment. The aim of this proof-of-concept study was, therefore, to develop ...
Sehgal Arvind A Monash Newborn, Monash Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia, - - 2014
Existing data suggest subendocardial ischemia in preterm infants with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) and alterations in cardiac function after indomethacin administration. This study aimed to explore the evolution of left ventricular function by conventional echocardiography and speckle-tracking echocardiography (STE) and to ascertain the interrelationship with coronary flow indices in response ...
Davis Matthew A MA 1] Children's Environmental Health and Disease Prevention Research Center at Dartmouth, Hanover, New Hampshire, USA [2] Institute for Quantitative Biomedical Sciences Graduate Program, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire, - - 2014
A growing body of evidence suggests that in utero and early-life exposure to arsenic may have detrimental effects on children, even at the low to moderate levels common in the United States and elsewhere. In a sample of 170 mother-infant pairs from New Hampshire, we determined infant exposure to in ...
Umemura Tomo T Institute for Research on Children Youth and Family, Faculty of Social Studies, Masaryk University, Joštova 10, 602 00 Brno, Czech Republic. Electronic address: - - 2014
Using the NICHD Early Childcare dataset (N=1281), this study examined whether infant temperament and the amount of time infants spend in nonmaternal care independently predict (1) the likelihood that they seek comfort from their mother when needed and (2) placement in a particular subgroup of infant-mother attachment patterns. Mothers reported ...
McCloskey Kate - - 2014
Aortic intima-media thickness measured by transabdominal ultrasound (aIMT) is an intermediate phenotype of cardiovascular risk. We aimed to (1) investigate the reproducibility of aIMT in a population-derived cohort of infants; (2) establish the distribution of aIMT in early infancy; (3) compare measurement by edge-detection software to that by manual sonographic ...
Huggard D - - 2014
The Bayley scale of infant development is employed as the performance indicator at 2 years corrected gestational age for high risk paediatric groups. We compare neurodevelopmental outcomes in two cohorts of VLBW infants born in 1999 to a cohort born a decade later, while also examining the challenges of direct ...
Hamade Haya - - 2014
The Middle East has one of the lowest rates of exclusive breastfeeding in the world, highlighting the need to promote breastfeeding in this region. Young adults represent a key population of interest, since decisions about infant-feeding appear to be made before children are even conceived. To examine breastfeeding knowledge, attitude, ...
Gasparović Vesna Elvedi - - 2014
Preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) occurs in 3 percent of all pregnancies and is responsible for, or associated with, approximately one-third of preterm births causing significant perinatal morbidity and fetal death. Preterm infants are very vulnerable to respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), periventricular leucomalacia (PVL), other neurological ...
Torabi Zohre - - 2014
To determine the impact of calcium and phosphorus on radiological and biochemical characteristics of osteopenia in premature infants. The randomised clinical trial study was conducted at Valie-e-Asr Hospital of Zanjan city, Iran, from December 2010 to June 2011. It involved monitoring 40 premature neonates over a period of six months. ...
Shan Wei - - 2014
To evaluate and analyze the effect of foetal endocsopic tracheal occlusion (FETO) therapy on survival rates of neonatal with congenital diaphragmatic hernia and maternal complications. We performed a systemic review and meta-analysis of three randomized controlled trials (RCTs). The combined data on neonatal survival rates, length of gestational age and ...
Hall R A S RA Department of Developmental Psychology, Tilburg University, P.O. Box 90153, 5000 LE, Tilburg, The Netherlands, - - 2014
This prospective study examined whether or not a mother's representations of her infant were more often disrupted after premature childbirth. Furthermore, the study examined if different components of maternal interactive behavior mediated the relation between maternal disrupted representations and infant attachment. The participants were mothers of full-term (n = 75), moderately preterm ...
Zhang X X Department of Pediatrics, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, QC, - - 2014
To examine temporal trends in stillbirth and its risk factors in the United States (US), and to assess the contribution of labour induction and caesarean delivery to the stillbirth rate. Population-based cohort study based on linked birth-infant death and fetal death data files from the US National Vital Statistics System. ...
Mwangome Martha K MK 1KEMRI/Wellcome Trust Research Programme,PO Box 230,Kilifi - - 2014
To compare mothers' perceptions of their own infants' nutritional status with anthropometric indicators of undernutrition. A qualitative study and cross-sectional quantitative survey. The qualitative study involved developing tools to assess mother's perception. Two methods of verbal description and a pictorial scale were developed. The quantitative survey involved measuring maternal perception ...
Luczyńska Anna A Center for Chronic Immunodeficiency (CCI), Molecular Epidemiology, University Medical Center Freiburg, Engesser Strasse 4, 79108, Freiburg, - - 2014
Lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) are a major cause of hospitalization in infants. Research suggests that immunomodulatory properties of vitamin D may influence LRTI risk. This study's objective was to examine whether 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations in cord blood influenced susceptibility to LRTI in the first year of life. Data ...
Doralp Samantha S The University of Western Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
This paper highlights the development and testing of the Infant Movement Motivation Questionnaire (IMMQ), an instrument designed to evaluate qualities of infant characteristics that relate specifically to early motor development. The measurement development process included three phases: item generation, pilot testing and evaluation of acceptability and feasibility for parents and ...
Cremonese Cleber C Environment and Public Health Post-graduation Program, National School of Public Health, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (FIOCRUZ), Rio de Janeiro, - - 2014
To investigate the association between per capita pesticide consumption and infant mortality rates from CNS and CVS congenital malformations in microregions in the South and Southeast Region of Brazil. An ecological study was conducted using data on pesticide expenditure in 1985 and 1996, and deaths caused by CNS and CVS ...
Mitra S S Neonatal Unit, Rosie Hospital, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, - - 2014
Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and transcranial Doppler (TCD) allow non-invasive assessment of cerebral haemodynamics. We assessed cerebrovascular reactivity in preterm infants by investigating the relationship between NIRS and TCD derived indices and correlating them with severity of clinical illness. We recorded the NIRS derived cerebral tissue oxygenation index (TOI) and TCD ...
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