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Leitner Yael Y Child Development Centre, Dana-Dwek Children's Hospital, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Centre, Weizman 6, 64239, Tel Aviv, Israel, - - 2014
The outcome of premature infants with only diffuse excessive high signal intensity (DEHSI) is not clear. We explored the relationship between DEHSI, white matter (WM) diffusion characteristics, perinatal characteristics, and neurobehavioral outcome at 1 year in a homogenous group of preterm infants without major brain abnormalities. Fifty-eight preterm infants, gestational age ...
Nanishi Keiko K Department of Community and Global Health, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan - - 2014
The 17-item Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale (IIFAS) has shown good reliability and validity to measure attitudes toward infant feeding in various countries. It is also known to be associated with breastfeeding intention and exclusivity. However, the IIFAS has not been psychometrically tested among Japanese women. This study aimed to ...
Ahmadpour-Kacho Mousa M Associate professor of pediatrics and neonatology, Non-Communicable Pediatric Diseases Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, IR, Iran. - - 2014
Several risk factors are attributed to retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). This study was done to determine any association between the hyperglycemia and ROP in premature infants. In a retrospective case-control analysis, all infants with a gestational age (GA) <34 weeks and a birth weight (BW) <2000g admitted and treated in ...
Graça André M AM Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Department of Paediatrics, Lisbon Academic Medical Center, Lisbon, - - 2014
Background: Periventricular white matter (PWM) is particularly vulnerable in very preterm infants. Non-cystic white matter injury, known as non-cystic periventricular leukomalacia (ncPVL), is the commonest 'lesion' affecting the preterm brain. There is no consensus about whether ncPVL can be reliably identified from cerebral ultrasound (cUS) or whether there is any ...
Tong Amy Y AY Department of Ophthalmology, Duke University Eye Center, Durham, North - - 2014
To evaluate effects of prematurity on early optic nerve (ON) development and the usefulness of ON parameters as indicators of central nervous system (CNS) development and pathology. Prospective, cross-sectional, longitudinal study. Forty-four preterm infants undergoing retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) screening and 52 term infants. We analyzed ON from portable handheld ...
Schat Trijntje E TE University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Beatrix Children's Hospital, Division of Neonatology, Groningen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Splanchnic tissue oxygenation monitoring has been performed at both the liver and the infra-umbilical regions. It is unknown whether these measurements could be substituted one for the other when interpreting splanchnic oxygenation since they have not been measured simultaneously before. To evaluate the feasibility and safety of liver and infra-umbilical ...
Suzue Masashi M Department of Pediatrics, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima Graduate School, Kuramoto-cho 3-18-15, Tokushima, Tokushima, 770-8503, - - 2014
All components of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) are abundantly synthesized in the developing kidney, suggesting that the RAS plays an important role in renal development. To examine this system in human neonates, we measured urinary angiotensinogen levels in preterm and full-term neonates and examined the relationship between urinary angiotensinogen levels ...
Shin Na-Young NY Department of Radiology, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-ku, Seoul 120-752, Korea. - - 2014
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to assess the diagnostic performance of transient elastography and sonography for noninvasive evaluation of liver fibrosis in infants with biliary atresia. Methods- Forty-seven infants with biliary atresia who underwent both transient elastography and sonography before surgery were included in this study. Two types ...
Massarwa Abeer A Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, - - 2014
The question of the optimal route of delivery for pregnancies complicated by myelomeningocele is still controversial. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between mode of delivery and neonatal outcomes in such cases. Retrospective cohort study of singleton pregnancies complicated by myelomeningocele in a database of linked ...
Manuck Tracy A TA Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, - - 2014
Neonatal diagnoses are often used as surrogate endpoints for longer-term outcomes. We sought to characterize the correlation between neonatal diagnoses and early childhood neurodevelopment. We conducted secondary analysis of a multicenter randomized controlled trial of antenatal magnesium sulfate vs placebo administered to women at imminent risk for delivery <32.0 weeks ...
Gabbay-Benziv Rinat - - 2014
Abstract Aim: To investigate first trimester maternal characteristics of women with impaired glucose tolerance that deliver large for gestational age (LGA) infants. Methods: Nested analysis from a prospective study of singleton pregnancies enrolled at first trimester. We studied women with an abnormal 1 h glucose challenge test that had normal ...
Sarici Serdar Umit - - 2014
Purpose: Determination of bilirubin levels is performed for many newborns in the first days of life, and several different transcutaneous bilirubinometers are available. We aimed to determine whether transcutaneous bilirubin measurement, as performed using Jaundice Detector JH20-1C, a new device, correlates with Minolta/Hill-Rom Air-Shields Transcutaneous Jaundice Meter model JM-103.Design and ...
Shinskey Jeanne L JL Royal Holloway, University of London; University of South - - 2014
Infants' transfer of information from pictures to objects was tested by familiarizing 9-month-olds (N = 31) with either a color or black-and-white photograph of an object and observing their preferential reaching for the real target object versus a distractor. One condition tested object recognition by keeping both objects visible, and the other ...
Bekhof Jolita J Amalia Children's Center, Isala, Zwolle, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Glucosuria in preterm infants is often measured using a visually readable reagent strip, e.g., when monitoring total parenteral nutrition or during sepsis or when treating with corticosteroids. However, the specific circumstances in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), such as the use of diapers and the high temperature in incubators, ...
Mantis Irene I Department of Psychology, Centre for Research in Human Development, Concordia University, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Contact behaviours such as touch, have been shown to be influential channels of nonverbal communication between mothers and infants. While existing research has examined the communicative roles of maternal or infant touch in isolation, mutual touch, whereby touching behaviours occur simultaneously between mothers and their infants, has yet to be ...
Sundercombe Samantha L SL Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, Sydney, - - 2014
to establish how well postnatal ward neonatal hypoglycaemia guidelines facilitate breast feeding and adhere to UNICEF UK Baby Friendly Initiative (BFI) recommendations, and to compare compliance with different recommendations. an appraisal of guidelines obtained via email survey using a UNICEF UK BFI checklist tool. Information about Baby Friendly Health/Hospital Initiative ...
Gaies Michael G MG 1Department of Pediatrics and Communicable Diseases, Division of Cardiology, C.S. Mott Children's Hospital, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI. 2Pediatric Cardiac Critical Care Consortium Data Coordinating Center, Michigan Congenital Heart Outcomes Research and Discovery Unit, Ann Arbor, MI. 3Department of Pediatrics, Seattle Children's Hospital, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA. 4Department of Pediatrics, Section of Critical Care, Children's Hospital of Wisconsin, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI. 5Virtual PICU Systems (VPS, LLC), Los Angeles, CA. 6Department of Cardiology, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
To empirically derive the optimal measure of pharmacologic cardiovascular support in infants undergoing cardiac surgery with bypass and to assess the association between this score and clinical outcomes in a multi-institutional cohort. Prospective, multi-institutional cohort study. Cardiac ICUs at four academic children's hospitals participating in the Pediatric Cardiac Critical Care ...
Mercer Michele E ME Departments of Psychology, Faculty of Science, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John's, NL A1B 3X9 Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Despite the development of experimental methods capable of measuring early human color vision, we still lack a procedure comparable to those used to diagnose the well-identified congenital and acquired color vision anomalies in older children, adults, and clinical patients. In this study, we modified a pseudoisochromatic test to make it ...
Lajos Giuliane J - - 2014
Cluster-based studies in health research are increasing. An important characteristic of such studies is the presence of intracluster correlation, typically quantified by the intracluster correlation coefficient (ICC), that indicate the proportion of data variability that is explained by the way of clustering. The purpose of this manuscript was to evaluate ...
Schroth Robert J RJ Departments of Preventive Dental Science, Faculty of - - 2014
Inadequate maternal vitamin D (assessed by using 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25OHD]) levels during pregnancy may affect tooth calcification, predisposing enamel hypoplasia and early childhood caries (ECC). The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between prenatal 25OHD concentrations and dental caries among offspring during the first year of life. ...
Andersson Ola O Department of Pediatrics, Hospital of Halland, Halmstad, Sweden2Department of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Prevention of iron deficiency in infancy may promote neurodevelopment. Delayed cord clamping (DCC) can prevent iron deficiency during the first 6 months of life. However, no data are available on long-term effects on infant outcomes in relation to time for umbilical cord clamping. OBJECTIVE To investigate effects of DCC, ...
Grubb M R MR Electrical Systems and Optics Research Division, Faculty of Engineering, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, - - 2014
Around 5%-10% of newborn babies require some form of resuscitation at birth and heart rate (HR) is the best guide of efficacy. We report the development and first trial of a device that continuously monitors neonatal HR, with a view to deployment in the delivery room to guide newborn resuscitation. ...
Chalak L F LF Division of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, The University of Texas, Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, - - 2014
Objective:Bayley-III scales are currently used to evaluate outcomes of term infants following hypothermia therapy, while all before reported outcomes in this population have used Bayley-II. Our objectives were to determine the incidence of abnormal neurodevelopmental outcomes using Bayley III and the predictive value of Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in infants ...
Grünebaum Amos - - 2014
Abstract Background: The Apgar score is used worldwide to assess the newborn infant shortly after birth. Apgar scores, including mean scores and those with high cut-off scores, have been used to support claims that planned home birth is as safe as hospital birth. The purpose of this study was to ...
Koen Nastassja N Department of Psychiatry, Groote Schuur Hospital (J2), University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa, - - 2014
Violence against women is a global public health problem. Exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy has been associated with a number of adverse maternal and fetal outcomes, including delivery of a low birthweight (LBW) infant. However, there is a paucity of data from low-middle income countries (LMIC). We ...
Doheny K K KK Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Pennsylvania State University, Hershey, PA, USA; Division of Newborn Medicine, Penn State Children's Hospital, Hershey, PA, - - 2014
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is an acute neonatal inflammatory disease which may lead to intestinal necrosis, multisystem failure, and death. Currently, NEC is diagnosed by a combination of laboratory and radiographic tests conducted a posteriori i.e., when NEC is already clinically significant. Given the acute onset and rapid progression of NEC, ...
Er B B Gazi University, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Food Analysis, 06330 Ankara, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
Aflatoxins are fungal toxins known to be carcinogenic and are classified as food contaminants. This study was performed to investigate aflatoxin (AF) M1 levels in baby foods sold in Ankara (Turkey) and to evaluate the obtained results according to the Turkish Food Codex (TFC). For this purpose, a total of ...
Kolling Thorsten T Developmental Psychology Lab, Department of Psychology, Goethe University, D-60323 Frankfurt/Main, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Infants and children do not blindly copy every action they observe during imitation tasks. Research demonstrated that infants are efficient selective imitators. The impact of selective perceptual processes (selective attention) for selective deferred imitation, however, is still poorly described. The current study, therefore, analyzed 12-month-old infants' looking behavior during demonstration ...
Cavalleri Francesca F Neuroradiology Unit, Department of Neuroscience, Nuovo Ospedale Civile S. Agostino Estense di Modena, Azienda Unità Sanitaria Locale di Modena, via Giardini 1355, Modena, 41100, Italy, - - 2014
The diagnostic and prognostic assessment of newborn infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) comprises, among other tools, diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps. To compare the ability of DWI and ADC maps in newborns with HIE to predict the neurodevelopmental outcome at 2 years of age. Thirty-four term newborns ...
Chang Joy J Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Atlanta, GA USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Timely diagnosis and treatment of infants infected with HIV are critical for reducing infant mortality. High-throughput automated diagnostic tests like Roche COBAS AmpliPrep/COBAS TaqMan HIV-1 Qual Test (Roche CAPCTM Qual) and the Abbott Real Time HIV-1 Qualitative (Abbott Qualitative) can be used to rapidly expand early infant diagnosis testing services. ...
Reuner Gitta G a Section Neuropediatrics , Children's University Hospital , Heidelberg , Baden-Wuerttemberg , - - 2014
The present study analyzed the links between prematurity, attention, and global cognitive performance in infancy and early childhood. At 7 months, focused attention (FA) was examined with an object examination task in 93 preterm infants (39 of them born extremely/very preterm, 54 born moderately/late preterm, and 38 infants born full-term). ...
Jütte Julia - - 2014
In vitro and in vivo analyses differ between the number of milk ducts found in the lactating breast, and there is a lack of knowledge as to whether or not external factors in the mother or the child affect the number of ductal orifices. The aim of this study was ...
Tse Raymond R Seattle, Wash. From the Division of Plastic and Craniofacial Surgery and the Division of Craniofacial Medicine, Seattle Children's Hospital; the Departments of Surgery and Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine; and the University of Washington School of - - 2014
Surgical and orthodontic treatment of unilateral cleft lip +/- palate can produce dramatic changes in nasolabial form; however, the lack of ideal methods with which to objectively document three-dimensional form limits the ability to assess treatment outcomes. The purpose of this study was to determine the reliability of three-dimensional stereophotogrammetry ...
Scratch Shannon E SE Clinical Sciences, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Royal Children's Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, - - 2014
Preterm infants commonly have transient hypothyroxinemia of prematurity after birth, which has been associated with deficits in general intellectual functioning, memory, attention, and academic achievement. However, research has predominantly focused on thyroxine levels in the first 2 weeks of life and outcomes are limited to the preschool period. Our objective ...
Song R R Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of California San Diego, San Diego, - - 2014
Background Electrical cardiometry (EC) is a continuous noninvasive method for measuring cardiac output (CO), but there are limited data on premature infants. We evaluated the utility of EC monitoring by comparing the results obtained using EC to measurements of CO and systemic blood flow using echocardiography (ECHO). Methods In this prospective observational ...
Rumisha Susan F - - 2014
The precise nature of the relationship between malaria mortality and levels of transmission is unclear. Due to methodological limitations, earlier efforts to assess the linkage have lead to inconclusive results. The malaria transmission intensity and mortality burden across Africa (MTIMBA) project initiated by the INDEPTH Network collected longitudinally entomological data ...
van Miert Clare C R&D, Alder Hey Children's NHS Foundation Trust, Liverpool, - - 2014
To develop and validate a bronchiolitis severity scoring instrument for use by nurses and other healthcare professions. Bronchiolitis is a viral lower respiratory tract infection of infancy. In industrialized countries, admission rates have increased over the last decade with up to 3% of all infants born being admitted to hospital. ...
Yang Hyeon-Jong HJ Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Allergy and Respiratory Center, Soonchunhyang University Hospital, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Background: The skin prick test (SPT) for detecting atopic sensitization is not preferred in young infants with atopic dermatitis (AD) because of concerns about poor skin reactivity. This study aimed to evaluate whether the results of SPT agreed well with those of specific serum immunoglobulin E (sIgE) antibody test in ...
September Cindy C School of Chemical Engineering, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia, - - 2014
When a dysphagic infant is prescribed thickened infant formula (TIF) as a treatment method, some clinicians determine their own addition rates of thickener to meet the specific needs of the infant rather than relying on the directions on the tin. In this study the rheological behaviour of a TIF at ...
Batista M M Unit of Reproduction and Obstetrics, Veterinary Faculty, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Transmontaña s/n 35413, Arucas, Las Palmas, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study tried to define neonatal viability after cesarean section in brachycephalic breeds and the efficacy of an adapted Apgar test to assess newborn survival. Data from 44 cesarean sections and 302 puppies were included. Before surgery (59-61 days after ovulation), an ultrasound evaluation defined the fetal biparietal diameter (BPD). ...
Altuntas Nilgun N Department of Neonatology, Gazi University Medical Faculty , Be┼čevler, Ankara, Turkey - - 2014
Abstract Aim: We aimed to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Infant Breastfeeding Assessment Tool (IBFAT), the Mother Baby Assessment (MBA) Tool, and the LATCH scoring system. Subjects and Methods: Mothers who delivered healthy, full-term infants in the Obstetrics & Gynecology Service of Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey, between December ...
Weinstein M M 1] Functional Brain Center, Wohl Institute for Advanced Imaging, Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center (TASMC), Tel-Aviv, Israel [2] Department of Psychology, Gonda Multidisciplinary Brain Research Center, Bar Ilan University, Ramat-Gan, - - 2014
Objective:To compare echogenicity detected using cranial ultrasound (cUS) and diffuse excessive high signal intensity (DEHSI) detected using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) by identical region-based scoring criteria in preterm infants. To explore the association between these white matter (WM) signal changes with early neurobehavior.Study Design:Forty-nine pre-selected premature infants with only echogenicity ...
Murthy K K Department of Pediatrics, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University and the Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Chicago, IL, - - 2014
Objective:To estimate the risk of death or tracheostomy placement (D/T) in infants with severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia (sBPD) born <32 weeks' gestation referred to regional neonatal intensive care units.Study Design:We conducted a retrospective cohort study in infants born <32 weeks' gestation with sBPD in 2010-2011, using the Children's Hospital Neonatal Database. ...
Gephart S M SM The University of Arizona College of Nursing, Tucson, AZ, - - 2014
Objective:Better measures are needed to identify infants at risk for developing necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and facilitate communication about risk across transitions. Although NEC is multi-factorial, quantification of composite risk for NEC in an individual infant is not clearly defined. The objective of this study was to describe the derivation, validation and ...
Jordan Brigid B Clinical Sciences Theme, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, , Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2014
The critical importance of a secure mother-infant attachment relationship for long-term physical and mental health of the child is well established. Our study aim was to explore mothers' subjective experience of the mother-infant relationship after discharge from hospital following neonatal cardiac surgery. Participants were 97 infants who underwent cardiac surgery ...
Clyman Ronald I RI Department of Pediatric, Cardiovascular Research Institute, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To test the hypothesis that an impaired adrenal response to stress might play a role in the hypotension that follows patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) ligation. We performed a multicenter study of infants born at <32 weeks' gestation who were about to undergo PDA ligation. Serum adrenal steroids were measured 3 times: ...
Healy Fiona F Division of Pulmonary Medicine, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) can develop pulmonary hypertension (PH) from decreased number and abnormal muscularization of pulmonary arteries. Normally pulmonary vascular growth and remodeling parallel airspace growth and alveolarization, which exhibits a wide morphologic variation in CDH. To assess whether infants with CDH and PH have greater abnormalities ...
Grindler David J DJ Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, - - 2014
Children with otitis media (OM) suffer sleep disturbances, loss of appetite, earache, and behavioral problems. Our objective was to quantitate the average burden of OM and to compare the associated impact of tympanostomy tubes on infant health related quality of life (HR-QoL). Multi-institutional prospective cross-sectional study. Otolaryngology, family practice, and ...
Faugstad Tone Maeland TM Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, - - 2014
This study compares prenatal ultrasound examination and autopsy findings in fetuses and infants with gastroschisis and omphalocele. Criteria for inclusion in the study were an autopsy of fetuses/infants with gastroschisis or omphalocele performed between January 1985 and December 2009 and prenatal ultrasound examination performed in a tertiary referral centre. The ...
Maas Christoph C Department of Neonatology, University Children's Hospital of Tuebingen, Tuebingen, - - 2014
Background and Objectives: (1) To investigate the relationship of salivary and plasma cortisol levels in preterm infants with a focus on the usability of salivary cortisol in diagnostic work-up of infants at risk of adrenal insufficiency. (2) To perform a systematic review addressing this question. Methods: Clinical study: We conducted ...
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