Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 1305
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Parajuli Rajendra Prasad RP Department of Human Ecology, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan; International Institute for Child Rights and Development (IICRD), PO Box 8646 Victoria Main, Victoria, BC, Canada V8W 3S2. Electronic address: - - 2014
In a birth cohort living in Chitwan Valley, lowland Nepal, we have previously reported inverse associations between in utero levels of lead (Pb), arsenic (As) and neurodevelopment at birth measured by the Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale, third edition (NBAS III). In the present paper, a follow-up of the same ...
Winhusen Theresa T Addiction Sciences Division, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neuroscience, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, 3131 Harvey Avenue, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The growing opioid-use epidemic in the U.S. has been associated with a significant increase in the prevalence of pregnant opioid-dependent women and of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS), which is caused by withdrawal from in-utero exposure to drugs. While methadone-maintenance currently is the standard of care for opioid dependence during pregnancy, ...
Sharma R R Department of Pediatrics, University of Florida College of Medicine, Jacksonville, FL, - - 2014
Objective:Recent reports have posited a temporal association between blood transfusion with packed red blood cells (BT) and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). We evaluated the relationship between BT and NEC among infants at three hospitals who were consented at birth into a prospective observational study of NEC.Study Design:We used a case-control design ...
Murthy K K Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago and the Department of Pediatrics, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University Chicago, Chicago, IL, - - 2014
Objective:To characterize the population and short-term outcomes in preterm infants with surgical necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC).Study Design:Preterm infants with surgical NEC were identified from 27 hospitals over 3 years using the Children's Hospitals Neonatal Database; infants with gastroschisis, volvulus, major congenital heart disease or surgical NEC that resolved prior to referral ...
Padovani Tania Regina TR Pharmaceutical Sciences Post graduate Course, University of Sorocaba, UNISO, Brazil; Pontificia Universidade Católica São Paulo, - - 2014
Although previous evidence suggests advantages of nifedipine over terbutaline as tocolytic agents, in some jurisdictions, terbutaline is approved for use and nifedipine is not. In women in preterm labour, we compared the impact of terbutaline versus nifedipine on inhibition of uterine contractions, preterm birth, neonatal sepsis, intracranial haemorrhage or necrotizing ...
Su Bai-Horng BH Department of Pediatrics, China Medical University Children's Hospital, College of Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study compared the current trend in survival rates and morbidity for very low birth weight (VLBW) infants in five Medical Training Centers of Prematurity for the Premature Baby Foundation of Taiwan (PBFT), with the outcomes from the USA, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network ...
Uchiyama Atsushi - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Our objective was to evaluate effects of levothyroxine (l-T4) supplementation against neurodevelopmental outcomes at 18 months of corrected age in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants with hypothyroxinemia but without elevated thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) concentration. Methods: VLBW infants who had plasma TSH concentrations <10 μU/mL and free thyroxine (FT4) concentrations <0.8 ...
Brunkhorst Jessica J Children's Mercy Hospital and Clinics, 2401 Gillham Road, Kansas City, MO 64108, - - 2014
For more than half a century neonatologists and ethicists alike have struggled with ethical dilemmas surrounding infants born at the limits of viability. Both doctors and parents face difficult decisions. Do we try to save these babies, knowing that such efforts are likely to be unsuccessful? Or do we provide ...
Hengge Ulrich R UR Skin Center, Immermannstraße 10, 40210, Düsseldorf, Germany, - - 2014
Cradle cap is a very common condition in infants that presents as greasy, scaly patches on the scalp within the first weeks of life. Although usually disappearing by itself, the condition worries parents because of its appearance. When removing the scales, it is crucial to prevent spot bleedings to avoid ...
Killeen Hazel H Discipline of Occupational Therapy, School of Health Sciences, College of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, National University of Ireland, Galway, Newcastle road, Galway, Ireland, - - 2014
Outcome studies of premature babies have focused their assessments predominately on neurodevelopmental impairments without relating these deficits to the impact they have on a child's everyday life. This study aims to determine whether very 'preterm birth alone' impacts on a child's ability to participate in and carry out childhood activities. ...
Tikotzky Liat L a Department of Psychology Ben-Gurion University of the - - 2014
This study examined the links between maternal sleep, maternal depressive symptoms, and mothers' perceptions of their emotional relationship with their infant in a self-recruited sample of mothers. Eighty mothers of infants 3-18 months old completed sleep diaries for 5 consecutive nights, and questionnaires assessing sleep (Insomnia Severity Index [ISI]), depressive ...
Makelarski Jennifer A JA Department of Epidemiology, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, - - 2014
Background: Adverse associations between maternal pesticide exposure and neural tube defects (NTDs) have been suggested but not consistently observed. This study used data from the multisite National Birth Defects Prevention Study to examine associations between maternal periconceptional (1 month preconception through 2 months postconception) occupational pesticide exposure and NTDs. Methods: ...
Schilleman K K Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The - - 2014
Neonatal resuscitation is often retrospectively documented, which can lead to inaccuracy and incomplete recording of delivery room management. In this study, we assessed the accuracy and completeness of neonatal resuscitation documentation in our neonatal intensive care unit. Recordings of physiological parameters and video data were performed in the delivery room ...
Kobyletzki Laura von LV Department of Dermatology, Lund University, Skåne University Hospital, SE-205 02 Malmö, Sweden. laura.von_kobyletzki@med.lu.se, - - 2014
The individual prognosis of infants with atopic dermatitis (AD) is important for parents, healthcare professionals, and society. The aim of this study was to investigate predictors for remission of infant AD until school age. A systematic review was carried out of clinical and epidemiological studies investigating the effect of filaggrin ...
Philbrook Lauren E LE The Pennsylvania State University, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Previous work has shown that early experience influences infant cortisol secretion. Few studies, however, have examined associations between parenting quality and cortisol levels and patterning in very young infants. This study examined linkages between maternal emotional availability (EA) during a routine caregiving task, bedtime, and infant cortisol in the first ...
Prior Tomas T Centre for Fetal Care, Queen Charlotte's and Chelsea Hospital, Du Cane Road, London W12 0HS, UK; Institute for Reproductive and Developmental Biology, Imperial College London, London W12 0HS, UK; Mater Research Institute/University of Queensland, Aubigny Place, Raymond Terrace, South Brisbane 4101, QLD, - - 2014
Current intra-partum monitoring techniques are often criticized for their poor specificity, with their performance frequently evaluated using measures of the neonatal condition at birth as a surrogate marker for intra-partum fetal compromise. However, these measures may potentially be influenced by a multitude of other factors, including the mode of delivery ...
Sanchez Aura A AA Department of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis Children's Hospital, Saint Louis, - - 2014
Frame rate (FR) of image acquisition is an important determinant of the reliability of 2-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (2DSTE)-derived myocardial strain. Premature infants have relatively high heart rates (HR). The aim was to analyze the effects of varying FR on the reproducibility of 2DSTE-derived right ventricle (RV) and left ventricle ...
Akimoto Takuma T Maternity and Perinatal Care Center, Hokkaido University Hospital, Sapporo, - - 2014
Background:Genetic variations associated with interstitial lung diseases (ILD) have not been extensively studied in Japanese infants.Methods:Forty-three infants with unexplained lung dysfunction were studied. All 43, 22, and 17 infants underwent analyses of surfactant protein (SP)-C gene (SFTPC) and ATP-binding cassette A3 gene (ABCA3), SP-B gene (SFTPB), and SP-B western blotting, ...
Anderson Brett R BR Division of Pediatric Cardiology, NewYork-Presbyterian/Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, - - 2014
Our aim was to examine the effects of surgical timing on major morbidity, mortality, and total hospital reimbursement for late preterm and term infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) undergoing stage 1 palliation within the first 2 weeks of life. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of infants aged ...
Lee Yeri - - 2014
Abstract Aims: To test if there is a stepwise difference in neonatal outcomes according to the stage (or grade) of histological inflammatory response in the chorioamniotic membranes and umbilical cords of preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM). Method: This retrospective study included singleton pregnancies diagnosed as PPROM and delivered prior ...
Nayeri Fatemeh Sadat FS Department of Pediatrics, Valiasr Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. - - 2014
Administration of endotracheal surfactant is potentially the main treatment for neonates suffering from RDS (Respiratory Distress Syndrome), which is followed by mechanical ventilation. Late and severe complications may develop as a consequence of using mechanical ventilation. In this study, conventional methods for treatment of RDS are compared with surfactant administration, ...
Silva Antônio Augusto Moura da AA Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal do Maranhão, São Luis, - - 2014
This study used data from the Birth in Brazil survey, a nationwide hospital-based study of 24,197 postpartum women and their newborns, collected between February 2011 and July 2012. A three-stage cluster sampling design (hospitals, days, women) was used consisting of stratification by geographic region, type of municipality (capital or non-capital), ...
Zhang Hua - - 2014
Little observational data exist describing telbivudine (LdT) or lamivudine (LAM) use in late pregnancy for preventing hepatitis B mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) in real-world settings. During the period of January 2009 to March 2011, we enrolled hepatitis B e antigen-positive mothers with HBV DNA >6 log10 copies/mL in China. At gestation ...
Kim Jin Kyung JK Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Catholic University of Daegu School of Medicine, Daegu, - - 2014
To compare a new ultrasound measurement method with calliper cephalometry in infants with deformational plagiocephaly (DP) and to assess the differences of two methods according to the severity of DP. Fifty-two infants with DP were divided into two groups according to the degree of cranial vault asymmetry (CVA); group 1 ...
Koestenberger Martin M Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Medical University Graz, Auenbruggerplatz 34/2, 8036, Graz, Austria, - - 2014
The mitral annular plane systolic excursion (MAPSE) is a quick and reliable echocardiographic tool for assessing longitudinal left ventricular (LV) systolic function in children and adults. Because this parameter is affected by the LV longitudinal dimension, pediatric and adult normal values are not suitable for preterm and term neonates. A ...
Maisels M Jeffrey MJ Department of Pediatrics, Oakland University William Beaumont School of Medicine, Beaumont Children's Hospital, Royal Oak, Michigan - - 2014
Breastfed newborns are more likely to develop prolonged hyperbilirubinemia than those fed formula, but the prevalence of prolonged hyperbilirubinemia in a largely white, North American breastfed population is unknown. In this population, we documented the natural history of jaundice and the prevalence of prolonged hyperbilirubinemia, and we evaluated the utility ...
Iyer Suneeti Nathani - - 2014
This preliminary study explored relationships between form and function in prelinguistic vocalizations to increase our understanding of early communicative development and to provide potential clinical implications for early communicative assessment and intervention. Twenty typically developing infants: five infants in each of four age groups, from 3 to 20 months of ...
Swingler Margaret M MM Department of Human Development and Family Studies, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Two hundred and thirty-three 5-month-old infants and their mothers participated in a study designed to examine the influence of maternal sensitivity and infant neurophysiology, as well as interactions between these, on infants' regulatory behavior and reactivity to emotional challenge. Maternal sensitivity was measured during two mother-child free-play episodes prior to ...
Kato Kayoko - - 2014
Data on predictors of gestational exposure to poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in the United States are limited. To fill in this gap, in a multiethnic cohort of Ohio pregnant women recruited in 2003-2006, we measured perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), perfluorooctanoate (PFOA), and six additional PFASs in maternal serum at ~16 ...
Bicking Kinsey Cara - - 2014
Miscarriage, the unexpected loss of pregnancy before 20 weeks gestation, may have a negative effect on a mother's perception of herself as a capable woman and on her emotional health when she is pregnant again subsequent to the miscarriage. As such, a mother with a history of miscarriage may be ...
Brindle Mary Elizabeth ME Department of Surgery, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada; - - 2014
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a condition with a highly variable outcome. Some infants have a relatively mild disease process, whereas others have significant pulmonary hypoplasia and hypertension. Identifying high-risk infants postnatally may allow for targeted therapy.METHODS: Data were obtained on 2202 infants from the Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Study Group ...
Tenorio Violeta V Neonatal and Maternal-Fetal Medicine Department, ICGON, Hospital Clınic, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; Fetal and Perinatal Medicine Research Group, Institut d'Investigacions Biomediques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), Barcelona, - - 2014
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the association between a quantitative texture analysis of early neonatal brain ultrasound images and later neurobehavior in preterm infants. A prospective cohort study including 120 preterm (<33 wk of gestational age) infants was performed. Cranial ultrasound images taken early after birth were analyzed ...
Iijima Shigeo - - 2014
Neonates routinely receive vitamin K to prevent vitamin K deficiency bleeding, which is associated with a high mortality rate and a high frequency of neurological sequelae. A coagulation screening test might be necessary to detect prophylactic failure or incomplete prophylaxis. However, venous access and the volume of blood required for ...
Song Juan J Department of Pediatrics, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, - - 2014
Purpose The aim of the article is to assess the predictive value of amplitude-integrated electroencephalogram (aEEG) for cerebral white matter damage (WMD) in preterm infants. Patients and Methods Preterms ≤ 32 weeks' gestational age (GA) born between March 2012 and December 2012 were enrolled. The aEEG patterns within 72 hours were classified and recorded ...
Yürümez Esra - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the relationship between mothers and their developmentally normal infants in terms of maternal alexithymia, depression and anxiety, and marital satisfaction. Methods: Fifty children between 18 and 48 months of age and their mothers were referred consecutively to the Infant Mental Health Unit of Ankara University School ...
Vance Deborah A DA Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Seton Medical Center Austin, Texas (Mss Vance and Moynihan); Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Dell Children's Medical Center of Central Texas, Austin (Ms Demel); Nursing Strategic Initiatives, Lyndon B. Johnson General Hospital, Houston, Texas (Dr Kirksey); and Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nurse Department, Seton Healthcare Family, Austin, Texas (Ms - - 2014
Infants, especially those born prematurely, are at increased risk for skin breakdown because of the immaturity and fragility of their skin. Following an appraisal of existing skin risk assessment scales, we surmised that none provided valid, clear, and concise assessment criteria and direction for treatment interventions specifically for use with ...
Blaggan Samarita S Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom; - - 2014
The Parent Report of Children's Abilities-Revised (PARCA-R) is a questionnaire for assessing cognitive and language development in very preterm infants. Given the increased risk of developmental delay in infants born late and moderately preterm (LMPT; 32-36 weeks), this study aimed to validate this questionnaire as a screening tool in this ...
Mello Bernadete B Departamento de Desenvolvimento Humano e Reabilitação, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, SP, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to compare the behavior of full-term small-for-gestational age (SGA) with full-term appropriate-for gestational age (AGA) infants in the first year of life. We prospectively evaluated 68 infants in the 2nd month, 67 in the 6th month and 69 in the 12th month. The Bayley ...
NooriShadkam Mahmood M Department of Pediatrics, Children Growth Disorder Research Center, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, - - 2014
Hyaline membrane disease (HMD) has remained a common neonatal problem and is a cause of morbidity in infants. The shake test can be used to assess whether surfactant is present in the infant's lungs at birth. The goal of this study was to determine the usefulness and accuracy of gastric ...
Prabhu Sudha Rathna SR Consultant Pediatrician, Madras Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, - - 2014
To establish normative data for stretched penile length (SPL) in term male neonates born in Tamil Nadu. All live term male neonates delivered in a hospital during a given period were included. SPL was measured from the pubic ramus to the tip of the glans. Two consecutive measurements were taken ...
Yakoob M Y MY Mohammad Y Yakoob, Departments of Epidemiology and Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston MA, USA; E-mail: - - 2014
Very preterm births (between 23 and 29 weeks' gestation) are a major perinatal health issue worldwide, particularly in developing countries, with limited resources. Limited data exists on survival of very preterm infants from Pakistan and antenatal predictors dictating survival have not been evaluated. This descriptive study was a case-series of ...
Banik S K SK Dr Sukhamoy Kangsha Banik, Associate Professor (Neonatology), Department of Paediatrics, SSMC & Mitford Hospital, Dhaka, - - 2014
Early onset of hyperglycemia is common among low birth weight neonates. Increased risk for death and major morbidities has been observed among hyperglycemic low birth weight infants. This prospective observational study was done to find out hyperglycemia as a predictor of increased morbidity and mortality in the low birth weight ...
Abdeyazdan Zahra Z Department of Pediatric and Neonatal Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
Preterm infants constitute a large proportion of the newborn population in the neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). Parents, as the main members of the care team, are not adequately supported as the focus is chiefly on infant care. The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of a family support ...
Angrisani Rosanna Giaffredo RG School of Medicine, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
To follow up the maturation of the auditory pathway in preterm infants small for gestational age (SGA), through the study of absolute and interpeak latencies of auditory brainstem response (ABR) in the first six months of age. This multicentric prospective cross-sectional and longitudinal study assessed 76 newborn infants, 35 SGA ...
O'Riordan A - - 2014
Pertussis is a highly contagious disease caused by the Gram negative aerobic coccobacillus, Bordetella pertussis. It may present with severe symptoms and complications in infants and can pose a diagnostic challenge. This is a vaccine preventable illness covered by the Irish Childhood Immunisation Schedule. In 2011, a retrospective review was ...
van der Pol Rachel J RJ Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Emma Children's Hospital, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
It is hypothesized that laryngeal edema is caused by laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) (ie, gastroesophageal reflux extending into the larynx and pharynx). The validated reflux finding score (RFS) assesses LPR disease in adults. We, therefore, aimed to develop an adapted RFS for infants (RFS-I) and assess its observer agreement. Visibility of ...
Lipkie Tristan E TE Department of Food Science, Purdue University, West Lafayette, - - 2014
Clinical evidence suggests that the bioavailability of lutein is lower from infant formula than from human milk. The purpose of this study was to assess characteristics of human milk and lutein-fortified infant formula that may impact carotenoid delivery. Carotenoid bioaccessibility and intestinal absorption were modeled by in vitro digestion coupled ...
Lorenz Laila L Department of Neonatology, University Children's Hospital of Tübingen, Tübingen, - - 2014
Background: Iron deficiency (ID) contributes to anaemia of prematurity, and hence the reliable assessment of iron nutrition status appears to be mandatory. Objective: To establish gestational age (GA)-specific reference ranges for hepcidin concentrations in cord blood [Hep(CB)] of preterm and term infants and to identify pre- and perinatal confounding factors. ...
Quinn Graham E GE Division of Pediatric Ophthalmology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, - - 2014
The present strategy to identify infants needing treatment for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) requires repeated examinations of at-risk infants by physicians. However, less than 10% ultimately require treatment. Retinal imaging by nonphysicians with remote image interpretation by nonphysicians may provide a more efficient strategy. To evaluate the validity of a ...
Nevalainen Päivi P BioMag Laboratory, Hospital District of Helsinki and Uusimaa, HUS Medical Imaging Center, Helsinki University Central Hospital (HUCH), Helsinki, Finland; Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, Children's Hospital, HUS Medical Imaging Center, HUCH, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Prior studies on extremely preterm infants have reported long-term prognostic value of absent secondary somatosensory cortex (SII) responses in magnetoencephalography (MEG) at term. The present work (i) further examines the potential added value of SII responses in neonatal neurological evaluation of preterm infants, and (ii) tests whether SII responses are ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >