Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 1428
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Balayla Jacques J Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Montreal, QC, - - 2014
Abstract Objective Though no official guidelines address the issue of the optimal timing of delivery in placenta previa, common practice is to conduct delivery between 36-37 weeks gestation. Given the rising concerns regarding unnecessary premature deliveries, the objective of this study was to compare neonatal outcomes amongst pregnancies complicated by ...
Gursoy Tugba T Department of Neonatology, School of Medicine, KOC University, Istanbul, - - 2014
Objective This study aims to develop a scoring system for the prediction of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Methods Medical records of 652 infants whose gestational age and birth weight were below 32 weeks and 1,500 g, respectively, and who survived beyond 28th postnatal day were reviewed retrospectively. Logistic regression methods were used to determine ...
White Angela B AB Global Health Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, 50 Beale St., 12th Floor, San Francisco, California, USA, - - 2014
An estimated 260,000 children under the age of 15 years acquired HIV infection in 2012. As much as 42% of mother-to-child transmission is related to breastfeeding. Antiretroviral prophylaxis for mothers or infants has the potential to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV through breast milk. To determine which antiretroviral prophylactic regimens ...
Roggero Paola P Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Department of Clinical Science and Community Health, Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, University of Milan, Milan, - - 2014
Background: Preterm infants may be at risk for altered adiposity, a known risk factor for unfavorable metabolic and cardiovascular outcomes. Objectives: The aim was to compare body composition (total body fat mass (FM), subcutaneous and intra-abdominal adipose tissue (AT)) between infants born preterm and at term. Methods: We conducted an ...
Kristensen Petter - - 2014
We aimed to explore why, in population studies, the positive association between normal-range birth weight and intelligence becomes negative at the highest birth weights. The study population comprised 217,746 Norwegian male singletons born at term between 1967 and 1976. All had data on birth weight and intelligence quotient (IQ) score ...
Miquel-Verges F F Neonatology Section, College of Medicine, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Arkansas Children's Hospital Research Institute, Little Rock, AR, - - 2014
Objective:The aim of this study is to investigate the association between birth defects (BDs), prematurity and small-for-gestational age (SGA) in a population-based sample.Study Design:Participants were singleton live births enrolled in the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, including 18 737 case infants with one or more BD and 7999 controls. Logistic regression ...
Fernández Rocío R División de Pediatría, Hospital Dr. Sótero Del - - 2014
Objective. To analyze survival and relevant morbidity by gestational age (GA) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants (<1500 g) and, based on these data, develop a fact sheet to provide information to perinatal healthcare providers and very low birth weight preterm infants'parents. Study Design. Data were prospectively collected in ...
Romanin Viviana V Programa Nacional de Control de Enfermedades Inmunoprevenibles, Ministerio de Salud de la Nación, - - 2014
Introduction. Pertussis is a challenge for public health. Objectives: To describe pertussis-related morbidity and mortality and immunization coverage for the 2002-2011 period, profile of cases for 2011, and control strategies implemented by the Ministry of Health (MoH) of Argentina. Methods. Descriptive, epidemiological surveillance study. Morbidity data were obtained from the ...
Weisz Dany E DE Department of Newborn and Developmental Paediatrics, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ont., - - 2014
Background: Non-invasive cardiac output monitoring (NICOM; NICOM™) may be useful in the management of extremely premature preterm infants. Objectives: To evaluate a new bioreactance-based method of continuous NICOM in preterm infants following patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) ligation. Methods: Infants underwent three paired NICOM and echocardiography assessments of stroke volume (SV) ...
Fowler Cathrine C Tresillian Chair in Child and Family Health, Faculty of Health, University of Technology, Sydney, NSW, - - 2014
To understand the experiences of women with a history of substance dependence when they attempted to gain parenting support. Becoming a mother provides a window of opportunity to support women with a substance dependence make changes to their lives and the way they will parent their infants and young children. ...
Nair Vrinda V Section of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alta., - - 2014
Background and Objective: Ureaplasma spp. infection has been associated with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in preterm infants. Macrolides have been used for the treatment of Ureaplasma spp. infection, with an intention to prevent BPD. The objective of this meta-analysis is to evaluate the use of macrolides in the prevention of BPD ...
Horimukai Kenta K Division of Allergy, Department of Medical Subspecialties, National Center for Child Health and Development, Tokyo, - - 2014
Recent studies have suggested that epidermal barrier dysfunction contributes to the development of atopic dermatitis (AD) and other allergic diseases. We performed a prospective, randomized controlled trial to investigate whether protecting the skin barrier with a moisturizer during the neonatal period prevents development of AD and allergic sensitization. An emulsion-type ...
Harjai Man Mohan MM Commandant and Consultant, Department of Surgery and Paediatric Surgery, Military Hospital, Jammu and Kashmir, - - 2014
Although sliding indirect inguinal hernias containing the ipsilateral ovary and fallopian tube are not uncommon in infant girls, sliding hernias containing uterus with both ovaries and fallopian tubes are extremely rare. At surgery, a 5-month-old infant girl was found to have an indirect hernia in which the uterus and fallopian ...
Lee Jun Ho JH Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Hanyang University Seoul - - 2014
We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of early surgical ligation (within 15 days of age) over late surgical ligation (after 15 days of age) by a comparative analysis of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants undergoing surgical correction for symptomatic patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) over the course of ...
Amendolia Barbara B Department of Pediatrics/Neonatology, Cooper University Hospital, Camden, New Jersey (Drs Amendolia, Basit, and Aghai); Drexel University College of Nursing and Health Professionals, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (Drs Fisher and Bloch); Department of Nursing, Francis Marion University, Florence, South Carolina (Dr Wittmann-Price); and College of Nursing, Seton Hall University, South Orange, New Jersey (Dr - - 2014
To evaluate differences in feeding tolerance between infants maintained on continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and those receiving high-flow (nasal) cannula (HFC) with or without CPAP. This is a retrospective, cross-sectional study. Two groups of very low-birth-weight infants (750-1500 g) were compared on the basis of respiratory support: (1) infants ...
Beheshtipour Noushin N Community Based Psychiatric Care Research Center, Department of Pediatric Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Science, Shiraz, - - 2014
Hospitalization in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) leads to a lot of stress and shock to the parents. Nurses, as the primary sources of information, could play an important role in reducing their stress. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of educational program on the premature ...
Geng Fengji F a Center for Human Growth and Development , University of Michigan , Ann Arbor , - - 2014
This study used event-related potentials (ERPs) to assess effects of low-level prenatal lead exposure on auditory recognition memory in 2-month-old infants. Infants were divided into four groups according to cord-blood lead concentration: (1) <2.00 μ g/dL, (2) 2.00-2.99 μ g/dL, (3) 3.0-3.7 μ g/dL, and (4) ≥3.7 μ g/dL. The ...
Kyvernitakis I I Dept. of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Philipps-University of Marburg, - - 2014
Background: The increasing incidence of cesarean deliveries (CD) in the western world is consequently leading to a rising number of antenatal counselling of pregnant women with a history of previous CD. To counteract the increasing trend of cesarean deliveries, the concept of vaginal birth after cesarean delivery (VBAC) may represent ...
Reid Shelley S RPA Newborn Care, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia; Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, - - 2014
This article compares the severity of illness scoring systems clinical risk index for babies (CRIB)-II and score for neonatal acute physiology with perinatal extension (SNAPPE)-II for discriminatory ability and goodness of fit in the same cohort of babies of less than 32 weeks gestation and aims to provide validation in ...
Gucciardi Antonina A Mass Spectrometry Laboratory, Department of Women's and Children's Health, University of Padova, Padova, - - 2014
BackgroundAcylcarnitines are biomarkers of fatty acid metabolism and examining their patterns in preterm newborn may reveal metabolic changes associated with particular conditions related to prematurity. Isomeric acylcarnitines in dried blood spots (DBS) and plasma have never been assessed in preterm infants.MethodsWe studied 157 newborn divided into four groups by weeks ...
Vanguru Leelasri L ProMedica Toledo Hospital, Toledo, OH, - - 2014
To evaluate and compare the management approaches of pediatric and general emergency medicine physicians in infants presenting to the emergency department (ED) with complaint of fever. Infants 90 days of age or younger with a chief complaint of fever were included for review. Vital signs, laboratory workup, disposition, and final ...
Sutan Rosnah - - 2014
Cultural practice have often overlooked when providing maternal and child health care services. Low birth weight is the second cause of neonatal mortality in the world but it is a major factor in a developing country such as Indonesia. The purpose of this study is to predict the neonatal mortality ...
Hanieh Sarah - - 2014
Suboptimal weight gain during pregnancy may result in adverse outcomes for both the mother and child, including increased risk of pre-eclampsia and gestational diabetes, delivery of low birth weight and small-for-gestational age (SGA) infants, and preterm delivery. The objectives of this study were to identify maternal predictors of rate of ...
Khanam Siraj S Department of Neonatology, Fernandez Hospital, Hyderabad, - - 2014
Abstract Introduction: Aggressive enteral, parenteral nutrition, milk fortification and Kangaroo care are some of the interventions aimed at decreased postnatal malnutrition in VLBW infants. A bundle approach incorporating all these interventions in predominantly breast-milk fed infants to reduce postnatal malnutrition is evaluated in this study. Methods: In this before and ...
Akinloye Olusegun O Division of Neonatal Perinatal Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, - - 2014
To investigate if postresuscitation care (PRC) is indicated for all infants ≥35 weeks' gestation who receive positive pressure ventilation (PPV) at birth, explore the aspects of this care and the factors most predictive of it. Our hospital admits any infant who requires PPV at birth to special (intermediate/intensive) neonatal care ...
Turkmen Sahruh S Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Sundsvalls Research Unit, Umeå University, Umeå, - - 2014
To evaluate the effects of different types of vacuum cups on maternal and neonatal outcomes following assisted vaginal delivery. A retrospective cohort study was undertaken of all vacuum-assisted deliveries performed over a period of 2 years. Patients were divided into two groups according to whether a Kiwi OmniCup (n = 230) or Malmström ...
Nagasaka Miwako M Departments of Pediatrics, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, - - 2014
This study aimed to investigate the incidence of short stature at 3 years of age in a Japanese cohort of late preterm infants who were born at 34-36 weeks' gestational age (GA). We compared these late preterm infants with term infants (37-41 weeks' GA), and evaluated the effect of birth weight on the ...
Stratulat Petru Mihai PM Mother&Child Institute, Burebista 93 street, Chisinau, 2062 Moldova, Republic - - 2014
Abstract The aim of the study was to estimate the number of preventable neonatal deaths based on national data. Methods. To estimate the number and proportions of avoidable neonatal deaths, we have used the same approach described by Gary L. Darmstadt [5], using both the official statistical data and data ...
Odeny Thomas A TA aKenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI), Nairobi, Kenya bDepartment of Epidemiology cDepartment of Global Health dDepartment of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington eDepartment of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California fDepartment of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA gInstitute of Tropical and Infectious Diseases, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, - - 2014
Many sub-Saharan African countries report high postpartum loss to follow-up of mother-baby pairs. We aimed to determine whether interactive text messages improved rates of clinic attendance and early infant HIV testing in the Nyanza region of Kenya. Parallel-group, unblinded, randomized controlled trial. HIV-positive pregnant women at least 18 years old ...
Oncel Mehmet Yekta MY Zekai Tahir Burak Maternity Teaching Hospital, Division of Neonatology, Ankara, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of orally administered Lactobacillus reuteri (L. reuteri) versus nystatin in prevention of fungal colonization and invasive candidiasis in very low birth weight infants. Methods: A prospective, randomized comparative study was conducted in preterm infants with a gestational age ...
Hauglann Lisbeth L Division of Child and Adolescent Health, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University Hospital of North Norway, Tromsø, - - 2014
Examine the effect of an early intervention programme on cognitive outcome at 7 and 9 years in children with birth weight (BW) <2000 g. A randomised controlled trial of a modified version of the Mother-Infant Transaction Program. A single tertiary neonatal unit. 146 infants were randomised into a preterm control group (74) ...
Courdent Marie M 1 Mother and Child Welfare, General Council of the Nord Department , Lille, France - - 2014
Abstract Background: Few data are available on the number of stools in exclusively breastfed infants. Two studies aimed to assess the stool pattern in exclusively breastfed infants and to evaluate the reactions of mothers in the case of infrequent stools and the decisions of healthcare providers. Materials and Methods: Infrequent ...
Schwaberger Bernhard B Research Unit for Cerebral Development and Oximetry, Division of Neonatology, Medical University of Graz, Austria. Research Unit for Neonatal Micro- and Macrocirculation, Division of Neonatology, Medical University of Graz, Austria. Division of Neonatology, Department of Paediatrics, Medical University of Graz, - - 2014
Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) enables continuous non-invasive measurements of regional oxygen saturation (rSO2). The aim was to evaluate the dynamics of rSO2 of the brain, preductal and postductal tissues during postnatal transition in preterm infants with and without respiratory support (RS). This single-centre study was designed as an exploratory prospective observational ...
Gabis Lidia V LV Weinberg Child Development Center at Safra Children's Hospital, Tel Hashomer, Ramat Gan, Israel Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel - - 2014
Evaluation of a multisensory intervention based on the developmental approach provided by parents, during neonatal intensive care unit hospitalization of their preterm infants. After guidance of parents and implementation of intervention program, children were followed up to 2 to 3 years using scales for evaluation of parental stress levels and ...
Badejoko Bolaji O BO Departments of Paediatrics, - - 2014
To document the patterns of bilirubin and hematocrit values among glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD)-deficient and G6PD-normal Nigerian neonates in the first week of life, in the absence of exposure to known icterogenic agents. The G6PD status of consecutive term and near-term neonates was determined, and their bilirubin levels and hematocrits were ...
Giannì Maria Lorella - - 2014
Pre-term infants who develop bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) are at risk of postnatal growth failure. It has been reported that energy expenditure is higher in infants with BPD than in those without BPD. The aim of the study was to evaluate whether increasing the enteral energy intake of pre-term infants with ...
Holditch-Davis Diane D School of Nursing, Duke University, Durham, NC 27710, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Although studies have examined the effects of interventions focused on preterm infants, few studies have examined the effects on maternal distress (anxiety, depressive symptoms, post-traumatic stress symptoms, parenting stress) or parenting. This study examined the effects of the auditory-tactile-visual-vestibular (ATVV) intervention and kangaroo care (KC) on maternal distress and the ...
Hufton Emily E Manchester Centre for Sexual Health, Central Manchester NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, - - 2014
Little is known about the infant feeding experiences of refugees residing in the UK. To enable successful health promotion for this population, such experiences must be understood. The study aimed to gain an understanding of infant feeding practices among a group of UK-based refugee mothers. Objectives were to explore mothers' ...
Wu Pei-Ling PL Graduate Institute of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, - - 2014
The Neonatal Therapeutic Intervention Scoring System (NTISS) is used to indicate disease severity for neonates who need intensive care. We examined the ability of serial NTISS scores to predict mortality in very-low-birth-weight preterm infants. We reviewed the medical records of all preterm infants that had a birth weight of <1500 g ...
Luo Lili L Department of Pediatrics, West China Second University Hospital, Sichuan University , Sichuan , China - - 2014
Abstract Objective: We conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate whether maternal hepatitis B virus (HBV) carrier status increases the risk of neonatal complications. Methods: Publications addressing the association between maternal HBV carrier status and neonatal outcomes were selected from the PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane Library and China National Knowledge ...
Fischer A A 1] USC Division of Neonatal Medicine, LAC+USC Medical Center, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA [2] Department of Pediatrics, LAC+USC Medical Center, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, - - 2014
Objective:To evaluate the usefulness of abdominal ultrasound in infants with gasless abdomen radiographically suspected to have spontaneous intestinal perforation (SIP).Study Design:This was a retrospective analysis of data from our neonatal database including infants with birth weight ⩽1000 g with suspicion of SIP, for the period January 2000 to May 2012.Result:Four hundred ...
Koo Winston - - 2014
Human milk (HM) contains critical nutrients and possibly other neurotrophic factors that could benefit the less developed brain of preterm infants, particularly those with very low birth weight (VLBW). This study aims to systematically review the original studies to determine whether there is a reproducible independent effect of HM feeding ...
Kaur Avneet A Department of Neonatology, Institute of Child health, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, Rajinder Nagar, New Delhi. India. Pin: - - 2014
To compare prefeed abdominal circumference and gastric residual volume as a measure of feed intolerance in very low birth weight infants (VLBW). EightyVLBW infantswere randomized to two groups; feed intolerance was monitored by measuring either gastric residual volume (GRV group) or prefeed abdominal circumference (AC group). The primary outcomewas time ...
Lindbäck Caroline - - 2014
Each year an estimated 10 million newborns require assistance to initiate breathing, and about 900 000 die due to intrapartum-related complications. Further research is required in several areas concerning neonatal resuscitation, particularly in settings with limited resources where the highest proportion of intrapartum-related deaths occur. The aim of this study ...
Iliodromiti Stamatina S School of Medicine, University of Glasgow, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, Glasgow, - - 2014
The Apgar score has been used worldwide as an index of early neonatal condition for more than 60 years. With advances in health-care service provision, neonatal resuscitation, and infant care, its present relevance is unclear. The aim of the study was to establish the strength of the relation between Apgar ...
Terui Keita K Department of Pediatric Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, 1-8-1 Inohana, Chuou-ku, Chiba, 260-8677, Japan, - - 2014
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is one of the concomitant problems in infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). We assessed risk factors of GERD in CDH patients. The retrospective observational study for CDH infants was conducted. Cases of CDH who were born between January 2006 and December 2010, were operated in ...
Viau Angela Cristina - - 2014
Abstract Aims: To determine the infant mortality of newborns with 1- and 5-min Apgar scores of 0-3. Results: Population cohort study with neonates with birth weight ≥400 g, gestational age ≥22 weeks and 1- and 5-min Apgar scores of 0-3, without malformations, born in São Paulo State (Brazil) from January ...
Delnord Marie - - 2014
While international variations in overall cesarean delivery rates are well documented, less information is available for clinical sub-groups. Cesarean data presented by subgroups can be used to evaluate uptake of cesarean reduction policies or to monitor delivery practices for high and low risk pregnancies based on new scientific evidence. We ...
Rogers S J SJ MIND Institute, University of California, Davis, Sacramento, CA, USA, - - 2014
The goal of early autism screening is earlier treatment. We pilot-tested a 12-week, low-intensity treatment with seven symptomatic infants ages 7-15 months. Parents mastered the intervention and maintained skills after treatment ended. Four comparison groups were matched from a study of infant siblings. The treated group of infants was significantly more ...
Nelson Eliza L EL Department of Psychology, Florida International University, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Infants show age-related improvements in reach straightness and smoothness over the first years of life as well as a decrease in average movement speed. This period of changing kinematics overlaps the emergence of handedness. We examined whether infant hand preference status is related to the development of motor control in ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >