Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 1494
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Halevy Ayelet A Department of Pediatric Neurology and Epilepsy Center, Schneider Children's Medical Center of Israel, Petach Tikva, Israel Department of Child development, Schneider Children's Medical Center of Israel, Petach Tikva, Israel Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, - - 2014
External hydrocephalus in an infant is a condition in which the rate of growth of head circumference exceeds the expectations of the Nellhouse curve together with increased size of the subarachnoid spaces. Developmental milestones of 20 infants (aged 0-16 months) with external hydrocephalus were studied by the Mullen Scales of ...
Malikiwi Andra A Monash Newborn, Monash Children's Hospital, Monash University, 246, Clayton Road, Clayton, VIC, 3168, Melbourne, Australia, - - 2014
Indomethacin has been the mainstay for medical closure of patent ductus arteriosus. With its discontinuation, many units shifted to the use ibuprofen. We compared the therapeutic efficacy (successful closure, a priori defined as complete closure or >50 % reduction in size) and the impact of the two drugs on neonatal morbidities. ...
Chhonker Devender D Department of Pediatrics, University College of Medical Sciences & Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital, 110095, Shahdara, Delhi, - - 2014
To compare the lipid profile of exclusively breastfed and mixed-fed, term, appropriate for gestation age infants from 6 mo to 1 y of age. This prospective comparative study included one hundred ninety nine consecutive term healthy infants; 105 on exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) and 94 receiving mixed feeding (MF). These children ...
Kasdorf Ericalyn E Department of Pediatrics, New York-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center, New York, New York, - - 2014
Asystole at birth and extending through 10 min is rare, with current international recommendations stating it may be appropriate to consider discontinuation of resuscitation in this clinical scenario. These recommendations are based on small case series of both term and preterm infants, where death or abnormal outcome was nearly universal. Study ...
Emerson Beth L BL From the *Section of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, †Yale University School of Medicine; ‡Child Study Center, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, - - 2014
This study aimed to determine the prevalence of and risk factors for postpartum depression (PPD) in mothers of young infants presenting to the pediatric emergency department (PED). This was a prospective, observational study to evaluate the prevalence of PPD in a sample of mothers of young infants presenting to the ...
Hassanein Sahar M A SM Department of Pediatrics; Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Our first aim was to investigate the effects of caffeine on preterm infants' respiratory functions and brain cortical activity (conventional and amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (cEEG and aEEG)). Secondary aim was to study its long term effects on respiratory system and electroencephalographic maturation by 36 weeks post-menstrual age. Methods: Prospective ...
Ustunyurt Emin E Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Bursa Şevket Yılmaz Research and Education Hospital , Bursa , - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To investigate the relationship between crown-rump length (CRL) and birth weight, length and head circumference of the newborn. Methods: From a database of delivery records of 12,000 pregnancies, we identified 999 women with singleton pregnancies who had no medical problems, a normal menstrual history and a first trimester ...
Tiemersma Sybrich S Department of Paediatrics, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands; Department of Paediatrics, Stanger Hospital, KwaZulu-Natal, South - - 2014
To evaluate safety and haematological effects of delayed cord clamping (DCC) in infants with expected low birth weight born in a resource-poor setting. Randomised controlled trial involving pregnant women in early labour ≥18 years with intrapartum symphysal-fundal height <32 cm. Mothers were randomised for either early cord clamping (ECC, < ...
Lee Wan Fei Shalin S Department of Nursing Science, Faculty of Medicine, University Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan, - - 2014
To determine the most effective position jaundiced neonates should assume during phototherapy from appraised randomised controlled trials. Many local hospitals still alternate positions of jaundiced neonates receiving phototherapy despite the safe infant sleeping protocol of placing them supine. A systematic review was conducted. Databases that included Cumulative Index to Nursing ...
ElHassan N O NO University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Arkansas Children's Hospital, Little Rock, AR, - - 2014
Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) occurs in 70% of extremely low birth weight (ELBW, birth weight <1000 g) infants. Approximately 34% of ELBW infants with a PDA have spontaneous closure. Failure of the ductus arteriosus to close has been associated with multiple morbidities. To examine variability over time and across hospitals ...
Bruns Deborah A DA Department of Educational Psychology and Special Education, Southern Illinois University Carbondale, Mailcode 4618, Carbondale, Illinois, - - 2014
Trisomy 13 (Patau syndrome), identified by Patau and colleagues [1960; Lancet 1: 790-793] is the third most common autosomal condition. Population studies indicate less than one in 10 children reaches their first birthday. In the face of mixed findings and recommendations for treatment, additional research is needed to further determine ...
Jani P P Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Westmead Hospital, Westmead, NSW, Australia The Children's Hospital, Westmead Clinical School, The University of Sydney, Westmead, NSW, Australia Newborn and Pediatric Emergency Transport Service (NETS), NSW, - - 2014
To audit clinical practice during transport of very preterm infants (<32 weeks) with acute respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) receiving nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP). Retrospective cohort study. Twenty-seven infants were receiving NCPAP before transport team's arrival, and 23 were commenced on NCPAP after team's arrival. Six infants (12%) failed ...
Lien Reyin R Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, School of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan, - - 2014
This is a prospective study using non-invasive electrical cardiometry to measure hemodynamic changes during surgical ligation of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in very low birth weight (VLBW, ≤1500 g) infants. The aims of this study were to examine hemodynamic aberration caused by abrupt closure of a ductal shunting and to define ...
Kieviet Noera N Department of - - 2014
Abstract Objective The Finnegan scoring list (FSL) is widely used to screen for Poor Neonatal Adaptation in infants exposed to antidepressants in utero. However, the large number of FSL-items and differential weighing of each item is time consuming. The aim of this study was to shorten and simplify the FSL ...
Sampson M R MR Duke Clinical Research Institute, Durham, NC, USA UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, - - 2014
In premature infants with suspected intra-abdominal infection, biomarkers for treatment response to antimicrobial therapy are lacking. Intestinal fatty acid-binding protein (I-FABP) is specific to the enterocyte and is released in response to intestinal mucosal injury. I-FABP has not been evaluated as a surrogate marker of disease response to antimicrobial therapy. ...
Sgandurra Giuseppina - - 2014
Preterm infants are at risk for neurodevelopmental disorders, including motor, cognitive or behavioural problems, which may potentially be modified by early intervention. The EU CareToy Project Consortium (www.caretoy.eu) has developed a new modular system for intensive, individualized, home-based and family-centred early intervention, managed remotely by rehabilitation staff. A randomised controlled ...
Kanti Varvara V Department of Dermatology and Allergy, Clinical Research Center for Hair and Skin Science, Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, - - 2014
Background: Inadequate skin care may increase morbidity in preterm infants. Skin care practices that support skin maturation have barely been investigated. Objectives: To investigate the effect of sunflower seed oil (SSO) on skin barrier development in low-birth-weight premature infants. Methods: 22 preterm infants (<48 h after birth, 1,500-2,500 g) were ...
Haight Michael M 1 San Francisco-Fresno Program, University of California , San Francisco, Fresno, - - 2014
Abstract Introduction: State and federal laws have been enacted to protect the mother's right to breastfeed and provide breastmilk to her infant. The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act requires employers to provide hourly waged nursing mothers a private place other than a bathroom, shielded from view, free from intrusion. ...
Pollard Deborah D a School of Nursing, University of North Carolina Wilmington , Wilmington , North Carolina , - - 2014
This study examined the physiological and feeding outcomes of term neonates in relation to if they were delivered with pharmacological labor-stimulating agents or were not. A retrospective chart review was conducted at a regional hospital. Infant and mother charts were selected from a six-week timeframe. Descriptive and inferential statistics were ...
Smolarova S S Department of Physiology, Jessenius Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University, 4 Mala Hora St., Martin, 036 01, Slovakia, - - 2014
European Consensus Guidelines (ECG) on the management of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) have been developed and updated twice since 2007 reflecting changes in practice as new evidence emerges. The aim of this study was to evaluate the progress in clinical outcome of babies after the implementation of the updated ECG ...
Viswanathan Sreekanth S Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio - - 2014
Background: Compared with early enteral feeds, the delayed introduction and slow advancement of enteral feedings to reduce the incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) are not well studied in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. Objective: To study the effects of a standardized slow enteral feeding (SSEF) protocol in ELBW infants. ...
Aly Hany H *Department of Neonatology, the George Washington University and Children's National Medical Center, Washington DC, USA †Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt ‡National Research Center, Cairo, - - 2014
Gastro-esophageal reflux and aspiration can occur in premature infants who are supported with mechanical ventilation. The relationship between physical positioning and gastric aspiration in ventilated infants has not been studied. Pepsin measured in tracheal aspirate (TA) emerged as a specific marker for aspiration. The objective is to assess pepsin in ...
Fortney Christine A CA Center for Perinatal Research, The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio (Dr Fortney); and The Ohio State University College of Nursing, Columbus (Dr - - 2014
In neonates, the course of illness is often unpredictable and symptom assessment is difficult. This is even truer at the end of life (EOL). Time to death can take minutes to days, and ongoing management of the infant is needed during the time between discontinuation of life-sustaining treatment and death ...
Mueffelmann Rebecca E RE The University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, NC, USA - - 2014
Breastfeeding intention is a significant predictor of initiation and duration. The decision to breastfeed may be influenced by the opinions of family and friends. This study aimed to examine the relationship between maternal perception of the infant feeding preferences of the baby's father and the maternal grandmother and the woman's ...
Gupta Kunal K Department of Pediatrics, Division of - - 2014
Purpose: To evaluate whether intravenous lipid (IL) intake is associated with the development of parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis (PNAC) in infants younger than 32 weeks gestational age (GA). Methods: A retrospective matched case-control study (1:1) was performed including infants younger than 32 weeks GA admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit ...
Dodd Jodie M - - 2014
Overweight and obesity during pregnancy represents a considerable health burden. While research has focused on interventions to limit gestational weight gain, there is little information describing their impact on neonatal health. Our aim was to investigate the effect on a range of pre-specified secondary neonatal outcomes of providing antenatal dietary ...
Whitelaw Natalie - - 2014
Repeat caesarean sections make a substantial contribution to the overall caesarean section rate. It is important to understand what influences women to choose this option when the alternative of attempting vaginal birth after caesarean section is available. As many such women use the internet while seeking information on their options, ...
Giovannini Marcello M a Department of Pediatrics, San Paolo Hospital , University of Milan , Milan , ITALY (M.G., E.V., D.G., E.R.), and Unit of Biostatistics, Epidemiology and Public Health, Department of Cardiac, Thoracic and Vascular Sciences , University of Padova , Padova , ITALY (D.G., S.B.), AAT-Advanced Analytical Technologies S.r.l , Piacenza , ITALY - - 2014
Objective: The objective of the study was to investigate the effects of a galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS)-supplemented formula on the intestinal microbiota in healthy term infants, with a specific consideration for gastrointestinal symptoms as colic, stool frequency and consistency, regurgitation. Methods: This was a randomized, double-blind, controlled, parallel-group clinical trial performed simultaneously ...
Wang Huiping H Department of Pediatrics, The Second Affiliated Hospital, Medical School of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Shaanxi, China, - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy and safety of recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) for improving neurodevelopment outcomes in preterm infants. According to the requirements of Cochrane systematic review, a literature search was performed among PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, Chinese ...
Luo Lizhu L Key Laboratory for Neuro-Information of Ministry of Education, School of Life Science and Technology, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, Sichuan 610054, - - 2014
Humans cross-culturally find infant faces both cute and highly likeable. Their so-called "baby schema" features have clear adaptive value by likely serving as an innate releasing mechanism that elicits caretaking behaviors from adults. However, we do not know whether experience with young children during social development might act to further ...
Wegzyn Colleen C AbbVie Inc., North Chicago, IL, USA, - - 2014
Lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) is the leading cause of infant mortality globally in post-neonatal infants (i.e., 28-364 days of age). Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the most commonly identified pathogen for infant LRTI and is the second most important cause of death in post-neonatal infants. Despite 50 years of RSV vaccine ...
Brødsgaard Anne A Department of Paediatrics, Hvidovre Hospital, The Capital Region, University of Copenhagen, - - 2014
There is a lack of evidence on the best treatment option for umbilical granuloma. The primary aim of this study was to compare three treatments for umbilical granuloma: standard treatment with topical silver nitrate, clobetasol propionate cream (0.05%) and ethanol wipes. The secondary aim was to evaluate whether the treatment ...
Riley Judith J Medical Research Institute of New Zealand, Wellington, New - - 2014
There is non-experimental evidence that paracetamol (acetaminophen) use may increase the risk of developing asthma. However numerous methodological issues need to be resolved before undertaking a randomized controlled trial to investigate this hypothesis. To establish the feasibility of a randomized controlled trial of liberal paracetamol as usually given by parents/guardians ...
Sharma Saurabh S Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of South Florida, - - 2014
Orbital infections from acute sinusitis are rare in neonates and infants and can lead to devastating complications. To our knowledge, no prior dedicated review exists for evaluation, treatment, and outcomes of orbital complications in this age group. To perform a systematic review over the past 50 years on the diagnosis ...
Smit Adriana L AL Department of Otorhinolaryngology / Head and Neck Surgery, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht, the - - 2014
Abstract Objective We investigated whether histological chorioamnionitis is associated with adverse neonatal hearing outcome. Methods Two cohorts of very preterm newborns (n=548, gestational age ≤ 32.0 weeks) were linked to placental histology and Automated Auditory Brainstem Response (AABR) outcome. Results In multivariable analyses, an abnormal AABR was not predicted by ...
Goyal Neera K NK Division of Neonatology and Division of Hospital Medicine, Cincinnati Children's Research Foundation and Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH, - - 2014
Compared with term infants (39-41 weeks), early-term (37-38 weeks) and late preterm (34-36 weeks) infants have increased breastfeeding difficulties. We evaluated how hospital practices affect breastfeeding by gestational age. This Listening to Mothers III survey cohort included 1,860 mothers who delivered a 34-41-week singleton from July 2011 to June 2012. High hospital support ...
Wernimont Susan S Nestlé Nutrition, King of Prussia, PA, USA - - 2014
Aims. To evaluate the impact of oligofructose (OF)-supplemented infant formula on fecal microbiota, stool characteristics, and hydration. Methods. Ninety-five formula-fed infants were randomized to α-lactalbumin-enriched control formula (CF) or identical formula with 3.0 g/L OF (EF) for 8 weeks; 50 infants fed human milk (HM) were included. Results. Eighty-four infants ...
Zecca Enrico E Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, - - 2014
To investigate the efficacy of a proactive feeding regimen (PFR) in reducing hospital length of stay in a population of moderately preterm small for gestational age (SGA) infants. SGA infants (z-score <-1.28) of gestational age (GA) 32-36 weeks and birth weight (BW) >1499 g were allocated at random to receive either a PFR, starting ...
Al-Biltagi Mohammed M Pediatric Department, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Medical Complex, Tanta, Egypt, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the myocardial changes in infants of diabetic mother either with gestational or pregestational diabetes and its relation to maternal diabetic control. The study included 45 infants of diabetic mother (IDMs) and 45 healthy newborn as a control group. IDMs were then categorized ...
Riskin Arieh A 1 Department of Neonatology, Bnai Zion Medical Center , Haifa, Israel - - 2014
Abstract Objective: This study explored clinical implications of tongue-tie (TT) on breastfeeding from the mothers' perspective and evaluated the assistance provided. Materials and Methods: This was a single-center observational study using a structured survey. All newborns with TT born in 2005-2010 were identified; two controls without TT were assigned for ...
Lee Ho-Sun HS International Agency for Research on - - 2014
Epigenetic regulation of imprinted genes is regarded as a highly plausible explanation for linking dietary exposures in early life with the onset of diseases during childhood and adulthood. We sought to test whether prenatal dietary supplementation with docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) during pregnancy may modulate epigenetic states at birth. This study ...
Laptook Abbot R AR 1 Department of Pediatrics, Women & Infants Hospital of Rhode Island, Alpert Medical School of Brown University , Providence, Rhode - - 2014
Therapeutic hypothermia improves the survival and neurodevelopmental outcome of infants with newborn encephalopathy of a hypoxic-ischemic origin. The NICHD Neonatal Research Network (NRN) Whole Body Cooling trial used the Cincinnati Sub-Zero Blanketrol II to achieve therapeutic hypothermia. The Blanketrol III is now available and provides additional cooling modes that may ...
Tandoi Francesco F Neonatology and NICU, Maternal & Child Department, Varese Hospital, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: to evaluate the effect of the exposure to "The Original Sound" (TOS),an original track composed of different sounds such as fetal heartbeat, breathing, blood flow, and ambience sounds, specifically created for this study, on physiological stability of preterm infants during a ten-days hospitalization. Methods: thirty-four preterm infants (32-37 ...
Balayla Jacques J Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Montreal, QC, - - 2014
Abstract Objective Though no official guidelines address the issue of the optimal timing of delivery in placenta previa, common practice is to conduct delivery between 36-37 weeks gestation. Given the rising concerns regarding unnecessary premature deliveries, the objective of this study was to compare neonatal outcomes amongst pregnancies complicated by ...
Gursoy Tugba T Department of Neonatology, School of Medicine, KOC University, Istanbul, - - 2014
Objective This study aims to develop a scoring system for the prediction of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Methods Medical records of 652 infants whose gestational age and birth weight were below 32 weeks and 1,500 g, respectively, and who survived beyond 28th postnatal day were reviewed retrospectively. Logistic regression methods were used to determine ...
White Angela B AB Global Health Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, 50 Beale St., 12th Floor, San Francisco, California, USA, - - 2014
An estimated 260,000 children under the age of 15 years acquired HIV infection in 2012. As much as 42% of mother-to-child transmission is related to breastfeeding. Antiretroviral prophylaxis for mothers or infants has the potential to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV through breast milk. To determine which antiretroviral prophylactic regimens ...
Roggero Paola P Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Department of Clinical Science and Community Health, Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, University of Milan, Milan, - - 2014
Background: Preterm infants may be at risk for altered adiposity, a known risk factor for unfavorable metabolic and cardiovascular outcomes. Objectives: The aim was to compare body composition (total body fat mass (FM), subcutaneous and intra-abdominal adipose tissue (AT)) between infants born preterm and at term. Methods: We conducted an ...
Kristensen Petter - - 2014
We aimed to explore why, in population studies, the positive association between normal-range birth weight and intelligence becomes negative at the highest birth weights. The study population comprised 217,746 Norwegian male singletons born at term between 1967 and 1976. All had data on birth weight and intelligence quotient (IQ) score ...
Miquel-Verges F F Neonatology Section, College of Medicine, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Arkansas Children's Hospital Research Institute, Little Rock, AR, - - 2014
Objective:The aim of this study is to investigate the association between birth defects (BDs), prematurity and small-for-gestational age (SGA) in a population-based sample.Study Design:Participants were singleton live births enrolled in the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, including 18 737 case infants with one or more BD and 7999 controls. Logistic regression ...
Fernández Rocío R División de Pediatría, Hospital Dr. Sótero Del - - 2014
Objective. To analyze survival and relevant morbidity by gestational age (GA) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants (<1500 g) and, based on these data, develop a fact sheet to provide information to perinatal healthcare providers and very low birth weight preterm infants'parents. Study Design. Data were prospectively collected in ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >