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Yu Zhangbin Z Department of Pediatrics, Nanjing Maternity and Child Healthcare Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, - - 2014
to prospectively validate a previously constructed transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) nomogram for identifying severe hyperbilirubinemia in healthy Chinese term and late-preterm infants. this was a multicenter study that included 9,174 healthy term and late-preterm infants in eight hospitals of China. TcB measurements were performed using a JM-103 bilirubinometer. TcB values were ...
Sliter Michael T - - 2014
Despite multiple calls for research, there has been little effort to incorporate topics regarding mortality salience and death anxiety into workplace literature. As such, the goals of the current study were to (a) examine how trait differences in death anxiety relate to employee occupational health outcomes and (b) examine how ...
Osmond Elizabeth E Neonatal Intensive Care unit, St Michaels, Bristol, - - 2014
To determine the aetiological associations, neurological sequelae and role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in term newborn infants with seizures. Cohort study of infants ≥37 weeks' gestation delivered in a tertiary level centre, prospectively identified and followed longitudinally for 18 to 24 months. An underlying aetiology was found in 95% ...
Gratz Kim L - - 2014
Evidence suggests that maternal borderline personality (BP) pathology increases offspring risk. This study examined the relations between maternal BP pathology and related emotional dysfunction (including emotion regulation [ER] difficulties and emotional intensity/reactivity) and infant ER difficulties. Specifically, we examined both self-focused and caregiver-focused ER behaviors and the modulation of emotional ...
Montaldo P P Department of Pediatrics, Second University of Naples, Naples, - - 2014
Objective:To investigate whether creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) and cardiac troponin I (cTnI) can be used to predict neurodevelopmental outcome at 18 months in infants with perinatal asphyxia (PA). The diagnostic value of cTnI to assess myocardial dysfunction was considered as well.Study Design:Retrospective study of 178 neonates admitted with PA. cTnI concentrations ...
Atasever Meryem M Department of Food Hygiene and Technology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Atatürk University, Erzurum, - - 2014
Breastfeeding may be considered as a risk factor for aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) exposure in early infancy. Hence, AFM1 levels in maternal breast milk (MBM) and the correlation between moldy cheese consumption of lactating mothers and infant exposure to AFM1 were investigated in this study. MBM samples from 73 lactating women ...
Alderliesten Thomas T Department of Neonatology, Wilhelmina Children's Hospital/University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare neurodevelopmental outcome, mean arterial blood pressure (MABP), and regional cerebral oxygenation (rSco2) between preterm neonates treated for hypotension and controls. Preterm neonates (N = 66) with a gestational age (GA) ≤32 weeks, without a patent ductus arteriosus, treated for hypotension (dopamine ≥5 μg/kg/min) were included. Neonates were matched to controls for GA, ...
Karen Tanja - - 2014
Newborns delivered by vacuum extraction quite often show clinical signs of a hemodynamic compromise, which is difficult to assess in terms of severity. The conventional means to measure the hemodynamic status are not sensitive enough to appreciate the severity of general, and more specifically of cerebral circulatory imbalance. The aim ...
Boucher Olivier O Centre de Recherche du CHUQ, Québec, Québec, Canada; Département de psychologie, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Québec, - - 2014
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), methylmercury (MeHg), and lead (Pb) are environmental contaminants known for their adverse effects on cognitive development. This study examined the effects of prenatal exposure to PCBs, MeHg, and Pb on cognitive development in a sample of Inuit infants from Arctic Québec. Mothers were recruited at local prenatal ...
Gergely Mihály M Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Therapy, Gottsegen György Hungarian Institute of Cardiology, Budapest, - - 2014
Monitoring and preserving adequate perfusion and oxygen balance is a primary objective of critical care. This prospective observational study aimed to assess the relationship between global haemodynamic parameters and variables reflecting tissue oxygenation during the early period following corrective cardiac surgery in neonates and infants. The postoperative time course of ...
Medeiros Patrícia B V PB Department of Dentistry, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Brasília, Brasília, - - 2014
The baby oral health program (bOHP) provides pregnant women and their future babies with oral care. To assess the bOHP effectiveness by comparing caries prevalence in infants enrolled and not enrolled in the oral health program (OHP). Mothers who had been invited to participate in the bOHP from 2006 to ...
Pergialiotis Vasileios V 1st Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Athens University, Medical School, Alexandra Hospital, 80, Vasilisis Sofias Avenue, Greece. Electronic address: - - 2014
The rates of cesarean section at full cervical dilatation (second stage cesarean sections) are currently increasing. The purpose of the present study is to compare maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality among cases offered cesarean section at full dilatation to those offered cesarean section prior to full dilatation. We searched ...
Selvaggi Carla C Pasteur Institute-Cenci Bolognetti Foundation, Department of Molecular Medicine, Laboratory of Virology, Sapienza University of - - 2014
The airway expression of type III interferons (IFNs) was evaluated in infants hospitalized for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) or rhinovirus (HRV) bronchiolitis. As an additional objective we sought to determine whether a different expression of IFN lambda 1-3 was associated with different harboring viruses, the clinical course of bronchiolitis or ...
Tran Thach Duc TD Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, The University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010, Australia; Jean Hailes Research Unit, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Victoria 3168, Australia; Research and Training Centre for Community Development, Hanoi, Vietnam. Electronic address: - - 2014
Little is known about the effect of common mental disorders (CMD) among women in the perinatal period on infant development in low-income countries. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of exposures to maternal symptoms of ante- and post-natal CMD on infant social-emotional development in a low-income ...
Alam Nurul N Centre for Population, Urbanization and Climate Change, ICDDR,B, Dhaka, - - 2014
In the absence of reliable systems for registering rare types of vital events large surveys are required to measure changes in their rates. However some events such as maternal deaths are widely known about in the community. This study examined the utility of asking respondents about events in their neighbourhood ...
Al Juaid Daifellah A M - - 2014
Breastfeeding is viewed as the optimal method of infant feeding that provides many benefits to both the infant and the mother. The monitoring and reporting of breastfeeding indicators are essential for any country to plan and implement effective promotion programs for sustainable breastfeeding. The aim of this review is to ...
Kaur Supreet S Center for Perinatal Research, The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio, United States of - - 2014
Premature infants exhibit widespread insults and delays in white matter maturation that can be sensitively detected early using diffusion tensor imaging. Diffusion tensor tractography facilitates in vivo visualization of white matter tracts and has the potential to be more sensitive than simpler two-dimensional DTI-based measures. However, the reliability and reproducibility ...
Modrzejewska Monika M Department of Ophthalmology, Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin, Poland. - - 2014
The Case study reports for the first time about development of massive iris neovascular complication in course of retinopathy of prematurity related to systemic and ocular ischemic syndrome due to tracheostomy-requiring extremely severe premature respiratory failure. Premature female, 950 grams birth weight, born from 17-year-old gravida 1, at 28 weeks' ...
Coret Catherine D CD Johnson & Johnson Consumer Companies, Inc, Skillman, NJ, - - 2014
To evaluate the tolerance of baby skin-care products with at least 95% naturally derived ingredients on infants and toddlers. Healthy, full-term infants and toddlers aged 1-36 months were enrolled. In study 1, a lightly fragranced natural baby hair and body wash (n=30), a lightly fragranced natural baby shampoo (n=30), or ...
Bélanger-Lévesque Marie-Noëlle MN Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Québec, - - 2014
Maternal satisfaction during the birthing process has been well documented, whereas little is known about the fathers' birth experiences. Our objective was to evaluate and compare the birth satisfaction of mothers and fathers. Comparative cross-sectional study. Number of participating centres: one level III maternity centre (2813 births in 2011) in ...
Wan Ming Wai MW Centre for Women's Mental Health, Institute of Brain, Behaviour and Mental Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, United - - 2014
Accumulating evidence suggests that mothers show a different pattern of brain responses when viewing their own compared to other infants. However, there is inconsistency across functional imaging studies regarding the key areas involved, and none have examined relationships between brain and behavioural responses to infants. We examined the brain regions ...
Westmark Cara J CJ Department of Neurology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of - - 2014
Seizures are a common phenotype in many neurodevelopmental disorders including fragile X syndrome, Down syndrome and autism. We hypothesized that phytoestrogens in soy-based infant formula were contributing to lower seizure threshold in these disorders. Herein, we evaluated the dependence of seizure incidence on infant formula in a population of autistic ...
Ardissone Alexandria N AN Department of Microbiology and Cell Science, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of - - 2014
Preterm birth is the second leading cause of death in children under the age of five years worldwide, but the etiology of many cases remains enigmatic. The dogma that the fetus resides in a sterile environment is being challenged by recent findings and the question has arisen whether microbes that ...
Yamashita Wakayo W Department of Information Science and Biomedical Engineering, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima, - - 2014
This study examined infants' visual perception of three-dimensional common objects. It has been reported that human adults perceive object images in a view-dependent manner: three-quarter views are often preferred to other views, and the sensitivity to object orientation is lower for three-quarter views than for other views. We tested whether ...
Kabir Alamgir A Department of Statistics, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh; International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b), Dhaka, - - 2014
This analysis was conducted to explore the association between 5 birth size measurements (weight, length and head, chest and mid-upper arm [MUAC] circumferences) as dependent variables and 10 maternal factors as independent variables using canonical correlation analysis (CCA). CCA considers simultaneously sets of dependent and independent variables and, thus, generates ...
Missana Manuela M Early Social Development Group, Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, - - 2014
We examined the processing of facial expressions of pain and anger in 8-month-old infants and adults by measuring event-related brain potentials (ERPs) and frontal EEG alpha asymmetry. The ERP results revealed that while adults showed a late positive potential (LPP) to emotional expressions that was enhanced to pain expressions, reflecting ...
Pappas Athina A Department of Pediatrics, Wayne State University, Detroit, - - 2013
IMPORTANCE Chorioamnionitis is strongly linked to preterm birth and neonatal infection. The association between histological and clinical chorioamnionitis and cognitive, behavioral, and neurodevelopmental outcomes among extremely preterm neonates is less clear. We evaluated the impact of chorioamnionitis on 18- to 22-month neurodevelopmental outcomes in a contemporary cohort of extremely preterm ...
Amat Flore F Pediatric Emergency Department, CHU-Estaing, Clermont-Ferrand, - - 2013
Krebs von den Lungen 6 antigen (KL-6) has been shown to be a useful biomarker of the severity of Respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis. To assess the correlation between the clinical severity of acute bronchiolitis, serum KL-6, and the causative viruses, 222 infants with acute bronchiolitis presenting at the Pediatric Emergency ...
Völkel Wolfgang W Department of Chemical Safety and Toxicology, Bavarian Health and Food Safety Authority, Pfarrstrasse 3, D-80538 Munich, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2013
Urine samples (n=207) of 47 infants between 1- and 5-month of age were quantitated for 12 metabolites of 7 phthalates and compared with samples collected from the mothers of the infants at different time points. Median and 95-percentile were lower for all metabolites in urine samples of infants compared to ...
Leite Maria Efigênia - - 2013
Effects of palm olein (POL) on calcium and fat metabolic balance and gastrointestinal (GI) tolerance have been clinically evaluated but its use in combination with palm kernel oil (PKO), and canola oil has not been similarly assessed in infants. Calcium and fat balance and GI tolerance were evaluated in 33 ...
Nazar Huda H National School Oral Health Program, Ministry of Health, Kuwait, - - 2013
Objective: The purpose of this study was to describe the oral health, oral hygiene, and oral health habits of Kuwaiti infants and toddlers. Subjects and Methods: This cross-sectional study of a convenience sample included 336 infants and toddlers (156 females and 180 males). The teeth of the infants and toddlers ...
Jensen Lisbeth Lund LL Discipline of Anatomy and Pathology, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia; The Department of Pathology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark; Department of Forensic Medicine, Aarhus University, Aarhus, - - 2013
To develop and validate a scoring method for assessing β-amyloid precursor protein (APP) staining in cerebral white matter and to investigate the occurrence, amount and deposition pattern based on the cause of death in infants and young children. Archival cerebral tissue was examined from a total of 176 cases (0 ...
Fung Timothy H M TH Oxford Eye Hospital, Oxford, - - 2013
To determine the feasibility of Ultra wide-field intravenous fundus fluorescein angiography (UWF-IV-FFA) in infants. A retrospective review of infants who underwent UWF-IV-FFA with the Optos P200MA was performed. The ability to capture different phases of the angiogram, the total image acquisition time and the presence of image artefacts were analysed. ...
Haltigan John D JD a University of North Carolina at Greensboro , Greensboro , - - 2013
The current study examined associations between attachment state of mind measured prenatally (N = 259) and maternal behavior in the reunion episode of the still-face procedure when infants were six months of age both as a main effect and in conjunction with infant negative affect. Using a dimensional approach to adult attachment ...
Orbach Sharon A SA 1School of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, - - 2013
Animal studies suggest that hypothermia decreases seizure burden, whereas limited human data are inconclusive. This retrospective cohort study examines the relationship between therapeutic hypothermia and seizure in neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. Our center admitted 224 neonates from July 2004 to December 2011 who met institutional cooling criteria. Seventy-three neonates were ...
Kilicdag Hasan - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) activity in term and late preterm babies with severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia and its relationship to the severity and treatment of this disorder, regardless of level of G6PD activity (deficient/normal). A total of 529 term and late preterm (≥35 ...
Cantinotti Massimiliano - - 2013
A quantitative echocardiographic assessment is often essential for the management of congenital heart disease, especially in the first months of life. Despite this, pediatric echocardiographic nomograms are limited and heterogeneous, particularly for neonates and infants. The aim of this study was to establish reliable echocardiographic nomograms in a broad population ...
Weiser Giora - - 2013
Febrile infants undergoing urethral catheterization (UC) are often not treated for pain and distress. The aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of midazolam premedication. We compared a convenience sample of infants who underwent UC with midazolam with those who did not receive midazolam. Outcome measures were Visual Analog Scale assessment, ...
Lammers Erin M - - 2013
Opioids are commonly used in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Negative neurodevelopmental effects in the short-term setting have been associated with opioids ; however, long-term studies have been limited. The primary objective was to determine if there is a dose relationship between fentanyl and neurodevelopmental outcomes, as measured by ...
Hennessey Iain I Department of Paediatric Surgery, Women's and Children's Hospital, 72 King William Road, North Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, 5067, - - 2013
Intestinal malrotation and particularly volvulus are potentially devastating conditions. Upper gastrointestinal (UGI) contrast studies have been considered the gold standard for diagnosis. However the use of ultrasonography (US) has been increasingly described. We describe a method for delineating the duodenal anatomy with US as a means to exclude malrotation. To ...
Maguire Denise - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to reduce the number of items in the Modified Finnegan Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Tool (M-FNAST) to the minimum possible while retaining or improving its validity in a short version. All infants with a diagnosis of neonatal abstinence syndrome (171) who were admitted to a ...
Park Yoonjoon Y Department of Pediatric Surgery, Dankook University Medical College, Cheonan, - - 2013
Crossed testicular ectopia (CTE) is generally defined as both testes located in the same hemiscrotum and contralateral hydrocele with the absence of a testis. However, the initial presentation of CTE in an infant as an incarcerated inguinal hernia is extremely rare. We report on a 10-month-old infant with CTE, who ...
Du Xiaozhen X Department of Integrated Early Childhood Development, Capital Institute of Pediatrics, Beijing, China ; Joint first - - 2013
Face-to-face interviews by trained field workers are commonly used in household surveys. However, this data collection method is labor-intensive, time-consuming, expensive, prone to interviewer and recall bias and not easily scalable to increase sample representativeness. To explore the feasibility of using text messaging to collect information on infant and young ...
Garbi-Goutel Aurélie A Service de médecine néonatale, unité de soins intensifs néonatale, Hôpital Nord, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Marseille, Université de la Méditerranée, Chemin des Bourrellys, 13015 Marseille Cedex 20, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to assess the prognostic value of abdominal sonography in necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in preterm infants with a gestational age less than 33weeks of gestation, using surgery and/or death as the primary outcome and stenosis as the secondary outcome. A retrospective study of 95 premature ...
Simic Marija - - 2013
Abstract Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the potential impact of gestational age (GA) estimation on the basis of the last menstrual period (LMP) in comparison with GA based on ultrasound examination on rates of survival and neonatal morbidity among extremely preterm infants. Methods: The Swedish national ...
Kampanatkosol Richard R Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, IL, - - 2014
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) affects up to 10% of extremely-low-birthweight infants, with a 30% mortality rate. Currently, no biomarker reliably facilitates early diagnosis. Since thrombocytopenia and bowel ischemia are consistent findings in advanced NEC, we prospectively investigated two potential biomarkers: reticulated platelets (RP) and intestinal alkaline phosphatase (iAP). Infants born ≤32weeks ...
Alvik Astrid - - 2013
To explore variables predicting low developmental scores in 6-month-old infants in a population-based study. In a longitudinal study representative of pregnant women in Oslo, Norway, questionnaires were answered at 17 and 30 weeks of pregnancy and 6 months after term; N = 1053 after exclusions (women with non-Scandinavian ethnicity, twin ...
Buttelmann David - - 2013
Recent studies suggest that infants understand that others can have false beliefs. However, most of these studies have used looking time measures, and the few that have used behavioral measures are all based on the change-of-location paradigm, leading to claims that infants might use behavioral rules instead of mental state ...
Giaccone Annie - - 2013
Studies of extubation in preterm infants often define extubation success as a lack of reintubation within a specified time window. However, the duration of observation that defines extubation success in preterm infants has not been validated. The purpose of this study was to systematically review published definitions of extubation success ...
Jones Hendrée E - - 2013
Buprenorphine pharmacotherapy for opioid-dependent pregnant women is associated with maternal and neonatal outcomes superior to untreated opioid dependence. However, the literature is inconsistent regarding the possible existence of a dose-response relationship between maternal buprenorphine dose and neonatal clinical outcomes. The present secondary analysis study (1) examined the relationship between maternal ...
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