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Ní Choisdealbha Aine A Department of Psychology, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK, - - 2014
The widespread use of EEG methods and the introduction of new brain imaging methods such as near-infrared spectroscopy have made cognitive neuroscience research with infants more feasible, resulting in an explosion of new findings. Among the long-established study of the neural correlates of face and speech perception in infancy, there ...
Saraswathy J J School of Mechatronic Engineering, University Malaysia Perlis (UniMAP), Campus Pauh Putra, 02600, Arau, Perlis, Malaysia, - - 2014
Wavelet theory is emerging as one of the prevalent tool in signal and image processing applications. However, the most suitable mother wavelet for these applications is still a relative question mark amongst researchers. Selection of best mother wavelet through parameterization leads to better findings for the analysis in comparison to ...
Darrah Johanna J Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, - - 2014
To compare the original normative data of the Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS) (n=2202) collected 20 years ago with a contemporary sample of Canadian infants. This was a cross-sectional cohort study of 650 Canadian infants (338 males, 312 females; mean age 30.9wks [SD 15.5], range 2wks-18mo) assessed once on the AIMS. ...
Jiang Ze D ZD Division of Neonatology, Children's Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a devastating neonatal disease, often leading to long term neurodevelopmental impairment. The effect of NEC on the immature brain remains not fully understood. We test the hypothesis that NEC adversely affects functional integrity, particularly neural conduction, of the preterm brainstem. Thirty-two preterm NEC babies (30-36weeks gestation) ...
Carbajal-Valenzuela Cintli Carolina CC Unidad de Investigación en Neurodesarrollo "Dr. Augusto Fernández Guardiola", Instituto de Neurobiología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Juriquilla, Querétaro, 76230, - - 2014
Periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) is characterized by necrosis of the cerebral white matter in the dorsolateral portions of the lateral ventricles. PVL causes motor, sensory, and cognitive deficits. The aim of this study was to analyze the conduction characteristics of the visual pathway in infants with diffuse PVL using visual evoked ...
Riem Madelon M E - - 2014
The neuropeptide oxytocin plays an important role in mother–infant bonding. However, recent studies indicate that the effects of oxytocin on prosociality are dependent on perceived social context. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, we examined differential effects of intranasally administered oxytocin on neural responding to 500 and 700 Hz crying that ...
Fallone Melissa Duncan MD Missouri State University, Department of Psychology, 901S. National Avenue, Springfield, MO 65897, USA; Brown Center for the Study of Children at Risk, Department of Pediatrics, Women & Infants Hospital, 101 Dudley Street, Providence, RI, 02905, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Effects of prenatal exposure to cocaine on the reactivity and regulation of the motor system of 825 four-month-old infants enrolled in the Maternal Lifestyle Study were examined. Videotaped assessments of 338 cocaine-exposed (CE) infants and 487 non-exposed comparison infants were coded by examiners masked to exposure status. Exposure status was ...
Manji Karim P KP Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Upanga, Dar es Salaam, - - 2014
Background: Micronutrient deficiencies and in utero exposure to HIV may impair infant neurodevelopment.Objective: To evaluate the effect of daily multivitamin supplementation on the cognitive, language and motor development of HIV-exposed Tanzanian infants.Methods: A total of 2387 infants were randomized to receive daily oral supplementation of multivitamins (B-complex, C and E) ...
van den Engel-Hoek Lenie L Nijmegen Center for Evidence Based Practice, Department of Rehabilitation - Speech Language Pathology, Radboud University Medical Center, Geert Grooteplein 10, Internal Post 818, 6525 GA Nijmegen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Milestones in the typical development of eating skills are considered to be nippling (breast or bottle), eating from a spoon, drinking from a cup, biting and chewing. The purpose of this research was to study the development and consolidation of oral motor behavior related to the skill assisted spoon feeding ...
Kanazawa H H Department of Pediatrics, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, - - 2014
Physical growth in neurologically healthy preterm infants affects motor development. This study investigated the separate relationships between muscle and fat in infancy and later motor development and physical growth. Muscle thickness and subcutaneous fat thickness of the anterior thigh were measured using ultrasound images obtained from neurologically healthy preterm infants ...
Toda Tomohisa - - 2014
Although the function of the sensory system rapidly develops soon after birth in newborn pups, little is known about the mechanisms triggering this functional development of the sensory system. Here we show that the birth of pups plays an active role in the functional development of the sensory system. We ...
Spies Erin E EE Department of Pediatrics, Akron Children's Hospital, Akron, Ohio. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hyperglycemia after ischemic stroke in adults and after near-drowning in children is associated with a poor neurological outcome. Anaerobic metabolism of glucose leads to buildup of lactic acid, free radical production, mitochondrial failure, and ultimately an increase in neurological injury. In asphyxiated infants, high lactate peaks are seen in the ...
Kopp Franziska F Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate neural dynamics of audiovisual temporal fusion processes in 6-month-old infants using event-related brain potentials (ERPs). In a habituation-test paradigm, infants did not show any behavioral signs of discrimination of an audiovisual asynchrony of 200ms, indicating perceptual fusion. In a subsequent EEG experiment, ...
Fox Lisa M LM Neonatal Services, Royal Women's Hospital, , Melbourne, - - 2014
Cranial ultrasound cerebral biometric measurements have been used in preterm neonates, particularly in cases of ventriculomegaly. While cerebral biometric measures using MRI have been found to correlate with long-term outcome, the relationship between cranial ultrasound biometric measures and neurodevelopmental outcome has not been established. To assess the relationship between ventricular ...
Moutsiana Christina C Division of Psychology & Language Sciences, University College London, London, - - 2014
Animal research indicates that the neural substrates of emotion regulation may be persistently altered by early environmental exposures. If similar processes operate in human development then this is significant, as the capacity to regulate emotional states is fundamental to human adaptation. We utilised a 22-year longitudinal study to examine the ...
Nishitani Shota S Department of Neurobiology and Behavior, Unit of Basic Medical Sciences, Course of Medical and Dental Sciences, Nagasaki University, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, 1-12-4 Sakamoto, Nagasaki 852-8523, Japan - - 2014
Mothers are attracted by infant cues of a variety of different modalities. To clarify the possible neural mechanisms underlying maternal attraction to infant odor cues, we used near-infrared spectroscopy to examine prefrontal cortex (PFC) activity during odor detection tasks in which 19 mothers and 19 nulliparous females (nonmothers) were presented ...
Gontijo Ana Paula Bensemann AP Department of Physical Therapy (Dr Gontijo), Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil; Department of Occupational Therapy (Dr Magalhães), Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil; Department of Occupational Therapy (Ms Guerra), Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, - - 2014
To determine whether the Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS) requires reference values specific for Brazilian infants. A total of 660 (330 girls) healthy full-term infants from Belo Horizonte were assessed using the AIMS. Scores and percentile curves were compared with the Canadian reference values. Differences were found in the 5th ...
Corbetta Daniela D Department of Psychology, University of Tennessee Knoxville, TN, - - 2014
Hand preference in infancy is marked by many developmental shifts in hand use and arm coupling as infants reach for and manipulate objects. Research has linked these early shifts in hand use to the emergence of fundamental postural-locomotor milestones. Specifically, it was found that bimanual reaching declines when infants learn ...
Pinheiro Karen Amaral Tavares KA Postgraduate Program in Health and Behavior, Universidade Católica de Pelotas, Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, - - 2014
Early adverse experiences are associated with increased risk of developing psychiatric disorders, although little is known about the neurobiological mediators involved. The mechanisms by which early environmental influences may mediate vulnerability in the development of offspring await further investigation. The present study correlated the NGF, BDNF, IL-6 and cortisol levels ...
Madlinger-Lewis Laura L Washington University School of Medicine, Program in Occupational Therapy, 4444 Forest Park Avenue, Saint Louis, MO 63110, United - - 2013
There is a paucity of studies that have investigated the developmental benefits of positioning in the neonatal intensive care unit. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a new, alternative positioning device compared to traditional positioning methods used with preterm infants. In this randomized, blinded clinical ...
Moreira Rafaela S RS Health Sciences: Child and Adolescent Health, School of Medicine, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil; Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC), Araranguá, SC, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2013
to examine and synthesize the available knowledge in the literature about the effects of preterm birth on the development of school-age children. this was a systematic review of studies published in the past ten years indexed in MEDLINE/Pubmed, MEDLINE/BVS; LILACS/BVS; IBECS/BVS; Cochrane/BVS, CINAHL, Web of Science, Scopus, and PsycNET in ...
Albright A Leland AL Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, Kijabe Hospital, Kijabe, - - 2013
Object The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of distal cordectomies on motor function in the lower extremities of infants with lumbosacral myelomeningoceles. Methods Medical records were reviewed in 32 infants with lumbosacral myelomeningoceles who were 1 day to 7 months old, who had some lower-extremity function ...
Leventakou Vasiliki V Department of Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Crete, Heraklion, Crete, - - 2013
Breast feeding duration has been associated with improved cognitive development in children. However, few population-based prospective studies have evaluated dose-response relationships of breastfeeding duration with language and motor development at early ages, and results are discrepant. The study uses data from the prospective mother-child cohort ('Rhea' study) in Crete, Greece. ...
Mascaro Jennifer S JS Department of Anthropology, Emory University, 207 Anthropology Building, 1557 Dickey Drive, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA. - - 2013
Although evolution has shaped human infant crying and the corresponding response from caregivers, there is marked variation in paternal involvement and caretaking behavior, highlighting the importance of understanding the neurobiology supporting optimal paternal responses to cries. We explored the neural response to infant cries in fathers of children aged 1-2, ...
Herber-Jonat Susanne - - 2013
Abstract Objective: We aimed to determine the long-term neurodevelopmental outcome in extremely preterm infants of 22-23 completed week's gestation as compared to infants of 24 weeks with immediate postnatal life support born in two German tertiary perinatal centres between 1999-2003. Methods: Children were assessed for cognitive and neurological outcomes at ...
Thompson Deanne K DK Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Royal Children's Hospital, Parkville, Vic, Australia; Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health, University of Melbourne, Carlton, Vic, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2013
The aims of this study were to investigate regional white matter microstructural differences between very preterm (VPT) (<30 weeks' gestational age and/or <1250 g) and full term (FT) (≥37 weeks' gestational age) infants at term corrected age with diffusion tensor imaging, and to explore perinatal predictors of diffusion measures, and the ...
Carra Cecilia - - 2013
This study investigated cultural differences, continuity and change of practices concerning body stimulation in a context of immigration. Parenting behaviors during the interaction with infants at 4, 8 and 12 weeks, and parenting ethnotheories at 12 weeks of first-generation West African immigrant mothers in Italy and autochthonous Italian mothers were ...
West Bethany A - - 2013
Motor vehicle crashes are a leading cause of death for children, teenagers, and young adults in the United States. In 2009, approximately 36,000 persons were killed in motor vehicle crashes, and racial/ethnic minorities were affected disproportionally. Approximately 4.3% of all American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) deaths and 3.3% of all Hispanic ...
Kendall Giles S GS From the Department of Academic Neonatology, EGA Institute for Women's Health (G.S.K., A.H.C., N.M., N.J.R.), and Centre for Medical Image Computing (A.M., S.O.), University College London, Medical School Building, 74 Huntley St, London WC1E 6AU, England; Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, England (S.J.); Department of Medical Physics & Bioengineering, University College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, England (D.P., A.B., E.B.C.); and Department of Neuroradiology, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust, London, England - - 2013
Purpose To determine (a) whether diffuse white matter injury of prematurity is associated with an increased choline (Cho)-to-creatine (Cr) ratio and a reduced N-acetylaspartate (NAA)-to-Cho ratio and whether these measures can be used as biomarkers of outcome and (b) if changes in peak area metabolite ratios at magnetic resonance (MR) ...
Lebarton Eve Sauer - - 2013
We investigated whether fine motor and expressive language skills are related in the later-born siblings of children with autism (heightened-risk, HR infants) who are at increased risk for language delays. We observed 34 HR infants longitudinally from 12 to 36 months. We used parent report and standardized observation measures to assess ...
Parsons Christine E - - 2013
The bond between a parent and an infant often appears to form effortlessly and intuitively, and this relationship is fundamental to infant survival and development. Parenting is considered to depend on specific brain networks that are largely conserved across species and in place even before parenthood. Efforts to understand the ...
Natale Elena - - 2013
The study explores infants' ability to generate on-line predictions about others' action goals through the recruitment of motor resonance mechanisms. To this aim, electromyography was recorded from mouth-opening suprahyoid muscles (SM) of 9-month-old infants while watching a video of an adult agent reaching-to-grasp an object and bringing it either to ...
Voorthuis Alexandra - - 2013
The neuropeptide oxytocin facilitates parental caregiving and is involved in the processing of infant vocal cues. In this randomized-controlled trial with functional magnetic resonance imaging we examined the influence of intranasally administered oxytocin on neural activity during emotion recognition in infant faces. Blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) responses during emotion ...
Piastra Marco - - 2013
Neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) is a new ventilator modality with an innovative synchronization technique. Our aim is to verify if NAVA is feasible and safe in terms of physiological and clinical variables in infants recovering from severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). This is a pilot nested study to ...
Madhavan Sangeetha - - 2013
To determine whether motor outcomes of an exercise intervention beginning at 2 months corrected age (CA) in children with periventricular brain injury (PBI) are correlated with fractional anisotropy (FA) measures derived from diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) at 12 months CA. DTI was performed in eight infants with PBI who were ...
Southgate Victoria - - 2013
Successful mindreading entails both the ability to think about what others know or believe, and to use this knowledge to generate predictions about how mental states will influence behavior. While previous studies have demonstrated that young infants are sensitive to others' mental states, there continues to be much debate concerning ...
Rabner M - - 2013
Objective:To assess the impact of using the recently published WHO growth standard, based on healthy, breastfed infants in multiple countries that excluded prematurely born infants, versus the Infant Health Development Program (IHDP) growth reference constructed from premature infants, on the interpretation of the growth of premature infants after hospital discharge.Study ...
Chen Mei-Huei - - 2013
Epidemiologic data regarding the potential neurotoxicity of perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) are inconclusive. We investigated the associations between in utero exposure to perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctyl sulfonate (PFOS) and early childhood neurodevelopment. We recruited 239 mother-infant pairs in northern Taiwan from the Taiwan Birth Panel Study, which was established in ...
Torsvik Ingrid - - 2013
During infancy, minor developmental delays and gastrointestinal complaints are common as is a biochemical profile indicative of impaired cobalamin status. We investigated whether cobalamin supplementation can improve the development or symptoms in infants with biochemical signs of impaired cobalamin function and developmental delay or feeding difficulties. Infants <8 mo of ...
Futagi Yasuyuki - - 2013
There have been very few studies concerning the Babkin reflex-opening of the mouth and flexion of the arms in response to stimulation of the palms. We attempted to clarify the clinical significance and neural mechanism of the reflex through systematic review. Searches were conducted on Medline, Embase, and Google Scholar ...
Saccani Raquel - - 2013
To compare the motor development of infants from three population samples (Brazil, Canada and Greece), to investigate differences in the percentile curves of motor development in these samples, and to investigate the prevalence of motor delays in Brazilian children. Observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study with 795 Brazilian infants from zero ...
Ekas Naomi V - - 2013
The ability to effectively regulate emotions is a critical component of early socio-emotional development. This longitudinal study examined the developmental trajectories of emotion regulation in a sample of 3-, 5-, and 7-month-olds during an interaction with mothers and fathers. Infants' negative affect and use of behavioral strategies, including distraction, self-soothing, ...
Lloyd-Fox Sarah - - 2013
The extent to which perception and action share common neural processes is much debated in cognitive neuroscience. Taking a developmental approach to this issue allows us to assess whether perceptual processing develops in close association with the emergence of related action skills within the same individual. The current study used ...
Morgan Catherine - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:Neuroplasticity evidence from animals favors an early enriched environment for promoting optimal brain injury recovery. In infants, systematic reviews show environmental enrichment (EE) improves cognitive outcomes but the effect on motor skills is less understood. The objective of this review was to appraise the effectiveness evidence about EE ...
Amin Sanjiv B - - 2013
To determine whether cord serum ferritin level is associated with auditory brainstem evoked response interpeak latencies, an index of auditory neural myelination, in infants at ≥35 weeks gestational age (GA). This prospective study compared auditory neural myelination in infants with latent iron deficiency (cord serum ferritin, 11-75 ng/mL) and infants with ...
Freitas Teresa C B - - 2013
Socioeconomic status (SES) and stimulation provided in the home environment are influential factors in aspects of child well-being including motor development. Little is known regarding the influence of SES on specific aspects of the home environment. To evaluate the availability of affordances in the home to promote infant motor development ...
Swartz Lynne - - 2013
Motor vehicle crashes are responsible for much death and disability among infants and toddlers. This study evaluated Keeping Baby Safe In and Around the Car, a multimedia DVD designed to improve knowledge about car seat installation among parents of infants and toddlers. The randomized controlled trial was conducted with 195 ...
Berghuis Sietske A - - 2013
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are ubiquitous environmental pollutants that are potentially toxic to the developing brain. Hydroxylated metabolites of PCBs (OH-PCBs) are suggested to be even more toxic. Little is known about their short-term effects on human health. To determine whether prenatal background exposure to PCBs and OH-PCBs was associated with ...
Lecouffe Natalie E - - 2013
Aim The study aimed to determine the effect of enteral supplementation of a prebiotic mixture (neutral and acidic oligosaccharides) in the neonatal period on neurodevelopmental outcome in preterm infants with a gestational age of less than 32 weeks and/or birth weight of less than 1,500 g in the first year ...
Lee Wayne - - 2013
Resting state networks are proposed to reflect the neuronal connectivity that underlies cognitive processes. Consequently, abnormal behaviour of these networks due to disease or altered development may predict poor cognitive outcome. To understand how very preterm birth may affect the development of resting state connectivity, we followed a cohort of ...
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