Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 1019
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Reichhardt Martin Parnov MP Department of Bacteriology and Immunology, Haartman Institute, University of Helsinki, Helsinki FI-00014, Finland; Immunobiology Research Program, Research Programs Unit, University of Helsinki, Helsinki FI-00014, - - 2014
The salivary scavenger and agglutinin (SALSA), also known as gp340 and dmbt1, is an antimicrobial and inflammation-regulating molecule located at the mucosal surfaces. The present study revealed that SALSA was present in the amniotic fluid (AF) and exceptionally enriched in both meconium and feces of infants. Based on immunological and ...
Nair M K C MK Child Development Centre, Thiruvananthapuram Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram, 695011, Kerala, India, - - 2014
To describe CDC Kerala experience of establishing an at-risk baby clinic and the comparison of different developmental screening tools at 12 mo against the gold standard Developmental Assessment Scale for Indian Infants (DASII). At risk baby clinic of CDC, Kerala was established as a facility for follow up of NICU ...
Soares Daniele de Almeida DD Department of Physical Therapy, Neuropediatrics Section, Federal University of São Carlos (UFSCar), Rod Washington Luis, km 235, 13565-905 São Carlos, SP, Brazil; Physical Therapy, Center of Biological and Health Sciences, Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS), Postal Box 549, 79070900 Campo Grande, MS, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study compared the effects of a short bout of practice on reaching behavior between late preterm and full-term infants at the onset of goal-directed reaching. Twelve late preterm infants and twelve full-term infants received reaching practice based on a serial schedule. Late preterm and full-term infants were assessed in ...
de Klerk Carina C J M CC Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development, Birkbeck College, University of London, - - 2014
There are cells in our motor cortex that fire both when we perform and when we observe similar actions. It has been suggested that these perceptual-motor couplings in the brain develop through associative learning during correlated sensorimotor experience. Although studies with adult participants have provided support for this hypothesis, there ...
Luo Jun J Department of Neonatology, BaYi Children's Hospital Affiliated to Clinical Medical College in Beijing Military General Hospital of Southern Medical University, Beijing, China; Department of Neonatology, Bao'an Maternity and Child Health Hospital of Shenzhen, Guangdong, - - 2014
Relatively low serum mannose-binding lectin (MBL) levels and MBL genetic polymorphisms have been implicated as high risk factors for neonatal sepsis. However, different studies have reported conflicting findings and have generally been underpowered to exclude modest effect sizes. Standard methodology of systematic reviews and meta-analyses was followed. PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, ...
Weinstein Maya M Functional Brain Centre, The Wohl Institute for Advanced Imaging, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Centre (TASMC); Department of Psychology, The Gonda Multidisciplinary Brain Research Centre, Bar Ilan - - 2014
The neonatal period is considered to be essential for neurodevelopment and wellbeing throughout the life span, yet little is known about brain-behavior relationships in the neonatal period. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between neonatal sensory-motor regulation and white-matter (WM) integrity of major fiber tracts in ...
Patra K K Rush University Medical Center, Department of Pediatrics, Chicago, IL, - - 2014
Objective:Postnatal steroids are used in neonatal intensive care units despite known side effects. Hydrocortisone (HC) use persists as it is believed to have less deleterious effects on neurodevelopmental (ND) outcome compared to other steroids. The literature is sparse with respect to the ND impact of HC use in recent years. ...
Brown Colin J CJ Medical Image Analysis Lab, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Preterm infants develop differently than those born at term and are at higher risk of brain pathology. Thus, an understanding of their development is of particular importance. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) of preterm infants offers a window into brain development at a very early age, an age at which that ...
Terrill Philip Ian PI School of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, - - 2014
Pulse oximetry is used extensively in hospital and home settings to measure arterial oxygen saturation (SpO2). Interpretation of the trend and range of SpO2 values observed in infants is currently limited by a lack of reference ranges using current devices, and may be augmented by development of cumulative frequency (CF) ...
Moses-Kolko El E Department of Psychiatry, Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA, 15213, - - 2014
This is a selective review which provides the context for study of perinatal affective disorder mechanisms and outlines directions for future research. We integrate existing literature (Table) along neural networks of interest for affective disorders and maternal caregiving: 1) the salience/fear network, 2) the executive network, 3) the reward/social attachment ...
Chorna Olena O Vanderbilt Kennedy Center, Nashville, Tennessee, - - 2014
Sensory experience is the basis for learning in infancy. In older children, abnormal sensory reactivity is associated with behavioural and developmental disorders. We hypothesised that in preterm infants, abnormal sensory reactivity during infancy would be associated with perinatal characteristics and correlate with 2-year neurodevelopmental outcomes. We conducted a prospective observational ...
Wang Yu-Lin - - 2014
Oral feeding disorder is common in preterm infants. It not only shows the adverse effect for growth and neurodevelopment in clinical but also becomes one of the important indicators of high risk group for neurodevelopment delay in preterm infants. Preterm infants must coordinate the motor patterns of sucking, swallowing, and ...
Aylward Glen P GP Division of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, - - 2014
: Long-term follow-up of infants born prematurely is necessary to determine neurodevelopmental outcomes, particularly with the expansion of interest from major disabilities to high prevalence/low severity dysfunctions. Models of pathogenesis include changes due to developmental disruptions and to injury, the magnitude and type of change influenced by the infant's age, ...
Libertus Klaus K Kennedy Krieger Institute; Johns Hopkins School of - - 2014
Atypical motor behaviors are common among children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). However, little is known about onset and functional implications of differences in early motor development among infants later diagnosed with ASD. Two prospective experiments were conducted to investigate motor skills among 6-month-olds at increased risk (high risk) for ...
Kobayashi Megumi - - 2014
Using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), our previous neural adaptation studies found that infants' bilateral temporal regions process facial identity [1]. In addition, we revealed that size-invariant processing of facial identity develops by 5 months of age [2], while view-invariant processing develops around 7 months of age [1]. The aim in the ...
Sarro Emma C EC Emotional Brain Institute, Nathan S. Kline Institute for Psychiatric Research, Orangeburg, NY 10962, USA; Department of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, Langone School of Medicine, New York University, New York, NY 10016, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Patterns of neural activity are critical for sculpting the immature brain, and disrupting this activity is believed to underlie neurodevelopmental disorders [1-3]. Neural circuits undergo extensive activity-dependent postnatal structural and functional changes [4-6]. The different forms of neural plasticity [7-9] underlying these changes have been linked to specific patterns of ...
de Campos Ana Carolina AC Department of Physical Therapy, Neuropediatrics Sector, Federal University of São Carlos (UFSCar), Rodovia Washington Luis, km 235, 13565-905 São Carlos, SP, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
The development of bimanual actions reflects perceptual, motor and cognitive processes, as well as the functional connectivity between brain hemispheres. We investigated the development of uni- and bimanual actions in typically-developing (TD) infants and infants with Down syndrome (DS) while they reached for objects with varying sizes. Eight TD infants ...
Kim Pilyoung P a Department of Psychology , University of Denver , Denver , CO , - - 2014
Fathering plays an important role in infants' socioemotional and cognitive development. Previous studies have identified brain regions that are important for parenting behavior in human mothers. However, the neural basis of parenting in human fathers is largely unexplored. In the current longitudinal study, we investigated structural changes in fathers' brains ...
Barboza-Argüello María de la Paz MD Unidad de Enfermedades Congénitas, Centro de Registro de Enfermedades Congénitas (CREC), Instituto Costarricense de Investigación y Enseñanza en Nutrición y Salud (INCIENSA), Tres Ríos, Cartago, Costa Rica, - - 2014
Our aim was to provide a descriptive overview of how the birth defects surveillance and folic acid fortification programs were implemented in Costa Rica-through the establishment of the Registry Center for Congenital Anomalies (Centro de Registro de Enfermedades Congénitas-CREC), and fortification legislation mandates. We estimated the overall prevalence of neural ...
Bäuml Josef G JG Department of Neuroradiology, TUM-NIC Neuroimaging Center, Technische Universität München, München, - - 2014
Widespread brain changes are present in preterm born infants, adolescents, and even adults. While neurobiological models of prematurity facilitate powerful explanations for the adverse effects of preterm birth on the developing brain at microscale, convincing linking principles at large-scale level to explain the widespread nature of brain changes are still ...
Dusing Stacey C SC S.C. Dusing, PT, PhD, Physical Therapy Department, Virginia Commonwealth University, 1200 E Broad St, PO Box 980224, Richmond, VA 23298 - - 2014
Perception action theory suggests a cyclical relationship between movement and perceptual information. In this case series we used changes in postural complexity to quantify infant's action and perception during development of early motor behaviors. Three infants born preterm with periventricular white matter injury were included. Longitudinal changes in postural complexity ...
Abraham Eyal E Department of Psychology and the Gonda Brain Research Center, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan 52900, - - 2014
Although contemporary socio-cultural changes dramatically increased fathers' involvement in childrearing, little is known about the brain basis of human fatherhood, its comparability with the maternal brain, and its sensitivity to caregiving experiences. We measured parental brain response to infant stimuli using functional MRI, oxytocin, and parenting behavior in three groups ...
van den Heuvel Martijn P MP Department of Psychiatry Brain Center Rudolf Magnus, The - - 2014
The human connectome is the result of an elaborate developmental trajectory. Acquiring diffusion-weighted imaging and resting-state fMRI, we studied connectome formation during the preterm phase of macroscopic connectome genesis. In total, 27 neonates were scanned at week 30 and/or week 40 gestational age (GA). Examining the architecture of the neonatal ...
Kato Moe M Department of Physical and Health Education, Graduate School of Education, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-0033, - - 2014
We hypothesized that a variety of limb movements in infants, including spontaneous movements and movements during interactions with the environment, can be represented as combinations of limb synergies, which are building blocks for generating coordinated movements of multiple limbs. A decomposition algorithm based on a nonnegative matrix factorization was applied ...
Soukka Hanna H Department of Pediatrics, Turku University Hospital, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Skin-to-skin care (SSC) is widely used in neonatal intensive care units due to its positive effects on infant physiology and parent-infant interaction. We investigated the safety and the effect of SSC on the diaphragm electrical activity (EAdi) in premature infants recovering from respiratory distress syndrome treated on noninvasive neurally adjusted ...
Lai Chi-Yu CY Institute of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, Taipei, 100, Taiwan; Center of Genomic Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, 100, - - 2014
Accumulating evidence suggests a role for microRNAs (miRNAs) in regulating various processes of mammalian postnatal development and aging. To investigate the changes in blood-based miRNA expression from preterm infants to adulthood, we compared 365 miRNA expression profiles in a screening set of preterm infants and adults. Approximately one-third of the ...
Ball Gareth G Centre for the Developing Brain, Division of Imaging Sciences and Bioengineering, King's College London, King's Health Partners, St Thomas' Hospital, London SE1 7EH, United - - 2014
Combining diffusion magnetic resonance imaging and network analysis in the adult human brain has identified a set of highly connected cortical hubs that form a "rich club"-a high-cost, high-capacity backbone thought to enable efficient network communication. Rich-club architecture appears to be a persistent feature of the mature mammalian brain, but ...
Syrengelas Dimitrios D Department of Pediatric Physical Therapy, "Aghia Sophia" Children's Hospital, Athens, Greece. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aims of this study were to investigate gross motor development in Greek infants and establish AIMS percentile curves and to examine possible association of AIMS scores with socioeconomic parameters. Mean AIMS scores of 1068 healthy Greek full-term infants were compared at monthly age level with the respective mean scores ...
Massaro An N AN 1Department of Neonatology, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC. 2Department of Pediatrics, The George Washington University School of Medicine, Washington, DC. 3Department of Neurology, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC. 4Department of Neurology, The George Washington University School of Medicine, Washington, DC. 5Department of Biostatistics and Informatics, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC. 6Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, The George Washington University School of Medicine, Washington, DC. 7Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, - - 2014
To evaluate if serum S100B protein and neuron-specific enolase measured during therapeutic hypothermia are predictive of neurodevelopmental outcome at 15 months in children with neonatal encephalopathy. Prospective longitudinal cohort study. A level IV neonatal ICU in a freestanding children's hospital. Term newborns with moderate to severe neonatal encephalopathy referred for ...
Nagy Emese E School of Psychology, University of Dundee, - - 2014
Imitation in human neonates, unlike imitation in young infants, is still regarded as controversial. Four studies with 203 newborns are presented to examine the imitation of index finger, two- and three-finger movements in human neonates. Results found differential imitations of all three modelled gestures, a left-handed pattern, and a rapid ...
Ní Choisdealbha Aine A Department of Psychology, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK, - - 2014
The widespread use of EEG methods and the introduction of new brain imaging methods such as near-infrared spectroscopy have made cognitive neuroscience research with infants more feasible, resulting in an explosion of new findings. Among the long-established study of the neural correlates of face and speech perception in infancy, there ...
Saraswathy J J School of Mechatronic Engineering, University Malaysia Perlis (UniMAP), Campus Pauh Putra, 02600, Arau, Perlis, Malaysia, - - 2014
Wavelet theory is emerging as one of the prevalent tool in signal and image processing applications. However, the most suitable mother wavelet for these applications is still a relative question mark amongst researchers. Selection of best mother wavelet through parameterization leads to better findings for the analysis in comparison to ...
Darrah Johanna J Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, - - 2014
To compare the original normative data of the Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS) (n=2202) collected 20 years ago with a contemporary sample of Canadian infants. This was a cross-sectional cohort study of 650 Canadian infants (338 males, 312 females; mean age 30.9wks [SD 15.5], range 2wks-18mo) assessed once on the AIMS. ...
Jiang Ze D ZD Division of Neonatology, Children's Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a devastating neonatal disease, often leading to long term neurodevelopmental impairment. The effect of NEC on the immature brain remains not fully understood. We test the hypothesis that NEC adversely affects functional integrity, particularly neural conduction, of the preterm brainstem. Thirty-two preterm NEC babies (30-36weeks gestation) ...
Carbajal-Valenzuela Cintli Carolina CC Unidad de Investigación en Neurodesarrollo "Dr. Augusto Fernández Guardiola", Instituto de Neurobiología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Juriquilla, Querétaro, 76230, - - 2014
Periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) is characterized by necrosis of the cerebral white matter in the dorsolateral portions of the lateral ventricles. PVL causes motor, sensory, and cognitive deficits. The aim of this study was to analyze the conduction characteristics of the visual pathway in infants with diffuse PVL using visual evoked ...
Riem Madelon M E - - 2014
The neuropeptide oxytocin plays an important role in mother–infant bonding. However, recent studies indicate that the effects of oxytocin on prosociality are dependent on perceived social context. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, we examined differential effects of intranasally administered oxytocin on neural responding to 500 and 700 Hz crying that ...
Abdeyazdan Zahra Z Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
Continuous high-intensity noise in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) is stressful for premature infants and its reduction is considered as a nursing care. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of earmuffs' use on the physiologic and motor responses of premature infants. This is a clinical trial conducted on ...
Fallone Melissa Duncan MD Missouri State University, Department of Psychology, 901S. National Avenue, Springfield, MO 65897, USA; Brown Center for the Study of Children at Risk, Department of Pediatrics, Women & Infants Hospital, 101 Dudley Street, Providence, RI, 02905, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Effects of prenatal exposure to cocaine on the reactivity and regulation of the motor system of 825 four-month-old infants enrolled in the Maternal Lifestyle Study were examined. Videotaped assessments of 338 cocaine-exposed (CE) infants and 487 non-exposed comparison infants were coded by examiners masked to exposure status. Exposure status was ...
Manji Karim P KP Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Upanga, Dar es Salaam, - - 2014
Background: Micronutrient deficiencies and in utero exposure to HIV may impair infant neurodevelopment.Objective: To evaluate the effect of daily multivitamin supplementation on the cognitive, language and motor development of HIV-exposed Tanzanian infants.Methods: A total of 2387 infants were randomized to receive daily oral supplementation of multivitamins (B-complex, C and E) ...
van den Engel-Hoek Lenie L Nijmegen Center for Evidence Based Practice, Department of Rehabilitation - Speech Language Pathology, Radboud University Medical Center, Geert Grooteplein 10, Internal Post 818, 6525 GA Nijmegen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Milestones in the typical development of eating skills are considered to be nippling (breast or bottle), eating from a spoon, drinking from a cup, biting and chewing. The purpose of this research was to study the development and consolidation of oral motor behavior related to the skill assisted spoon feeding ...
Kanazawa H H Department of Pediatrics, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, - - 2014
Physical growth in neurologically healthy preterm infants affects motor development. This study investigated the separate relationships between muscle and fat in infancy and later motor development and physical growth. Muscle thickness and subcutaneous fat thickness of the anterior thigh were measured using ultrasound images obtained from neurologically healthy preterm infants ...
Connolly Anne M AM Department of Neurology, Saint Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine in Saint Louis, Saint Louis, Missouri; Department of Pediatrics, Saint Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine in Saint Louis, Saint Louis, Missouri. Electronic address: - - 2014
The pathogenesis of Duchenne muscular dystrophy starts before birth. Despite this, clinical trials exclude young boys because traditional outcome measures rely on cooperation. We recently used the Bayley-III Scales of Infant and Toddler Development to study 24 infants and boys with Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Clinical evaluators at six centers were ...
Toda Tomohisa - - 2014
Although the function of the sensory system rapidly develops soon after birth in newborn pups, little is known about the mechanisms triggering this functional development of the sensory system. Here we show that the birth of pups plays an active role in the functional development of the sensory system. We ...
Spies Erin E EE Department of Pediatrics, Akron Children's Hospital, Akron, Ohio. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hyperglycemia after ischemic stroke in adults and after near-drowning in children is associated with a poor neurological outcome. Anaerobic metabolism of glucose leads to buildup of lactic acid, free radical production, mitochondrial failure, and ultimately an increase in neurological injury. In asphyxiated infants, high lactate peaks are seen in the ...
Kopp Franziska F Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate neural dynamics of audiovisual temporal fusion processes in 6-month-old infants using event-related brain potentials (ERPs). In a habituation-test paradigm, infants did not show any behavioral signs of discrimination of an audiovisual asynchrony of 200ms, indicating perceptual fusion. In a subsequent EEG experiment, ...
Fox Lisa M LM Neonatal Services, Royal Women's Hospital, , Melbourne, - - 2014
Cranial ultrasound cerebral biometric measurements have been used in preterm neonates, particularly in cases of ventriculomegaly. While cerebral biometric measures using MRI have been found to correlate with long-term outcome, the relationship between cranial ultrasound biometric measures and neurodevelopmental outcome has not been established. To assess the relationship between ventricular ...
Moutsiana Christina C Division of Psychology & Language Sciences, University College London, London, - - 2014
Animal research indicates that the neural substrates of emotion regulation may be persistently altered by early environmental exposures. If similar processes operate in human development then this is significant, as the capacity to regulate emotional states is fundamental to human adaptation. We utilised a 22-year longitudinal study to examine the ...
Nishitani Shota S Department of Neurobiology and Behavior, Unit of Basic Medical Sciences, Course of Medical and Dental Sciences, Nagasaki University, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, 1-12-4 Sakamoto, Nagasaki 852-8523, Japan - - 2014
Mothers are attracted by infant cues of a variety of different modalities. To clarify the possible neural mechanisms underlying maternal attraction to infant odor cues, we used near-infrared spectroscopy to examine prefrontal cortex (PFC) activity during odor detection tasks in which 19 mothers and 19 nulliparous females (nonmothers) were presented ...
Gontijo Ana Paula Bensemann AP Department of Physical Therapy (Dr Gontijo), Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil; Department of Occupational Therapy (Dr Magalhães), Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil; Department of Occupational Therapy (Ms Guerra), Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, - - 2014
To determine whether the Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS) requires reference values specific for Brazilian infants. A total of 660 (330 girls) healthy full-term infants from Belo Horizonte were assessed using the AIMS. Scores and percentile curves were compared with the Canadian reference values. Differences were found in the 5th ...
Pinheiro Karen Amaral Tavares KA Postgraduate Program in Health and Behavior, Universidade Católica de Pelotas, Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, - - 2014
Early adverse experiences are associated with increased risk of developing psychiatric disorders, although little is known about the neurobiological mediators involved. The mechanisms by which early environmental influences may mediate vulnerability in the development of offspring await further investigation. The present study correlated the NGF, BDNF, IL-6 and cortisol levels ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >