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Knight Sarah J - - 2013
The objective of this study was to characterize the early neurodevelopmental profile of Australian infants with deformational plagiocephaly (DP). Twenty-one infants with a confirmed diagnosis of DP (mean age, 7.9 months; SD, 2.0 months) were assessed on the Bayley Scales of Infant Development, Second Edition, before treatment. As a group, ...
Bsn C Brittany L Thomas - - 2013
The conclusion statements by Coker-Bolt, P., Jarrad, C., Woodard, F., & Merrill, P. (2012). The effects of oral motor stimulation on feeding behaviors of infants born with univentricle anatomy. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 28(1), 64-71. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pedn.2012.03.024 were interesting, but the support for the conclusions was absent because of a ...
Thorisdottir Asa Vala - - 2013
AIM: To investigate iron status and developmental scores at six-years-of-age in a population with decreased prevalence of iron deficiency in infancy. Iron status at six years and tracking from 12 months were also studied. METHOD: Children (n=143) born in Iceland in 2005 were followed-up at the age of six. Motor ...
Southgate Victoria - - 2013
The mirror neuron theory of action understanding makes predictions concerning how the limited motor repertoire of young infants should impact on their ability to interpret others' actions. In line with this theory, an increasing body of research has identified a correlation between infants' abilities to perform an action, and their ...
Van Hus Janeline W P - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Very low birth weight (VLBW) infants are at increased risk for motor deficits, which may be reduced by early intervention programs. For detection of motor deficits, and to monitor intervention, different assessment tools are available. It is important to choose tools that are sensitive to evaluate the efficacy of ...
Paine Sml - - 2013
AIMS: Abnormalities of the hippocampus are associated with a range of diseases in children, including epilepsy and sudden death. A population of rod cells in part of the hippocampus, the polymorphic layer of the dentate gyrus, has long been recognized in infants. Previous work suggested that these cells were microglia ...
Waldmeier Sandra - - 2013
Qualitative assessment of spontaneous motor activity in early infancy is widely used in clinical practice. It enables the description of maturational changes of motor behavior in both healthy infants and infants who are at risk for later neurological impairment. These assessments are, however, time-consuming and are dependent upon professional experience. ...
Connolly Anne M AM Department of Neurology, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO 63110, USA. - - 2013
Therapeutic trials in Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) exclude young boys because traditional outcome measures rely on cooperation. The Bayley III Scales of Infant and Toddler Development (Bayley III) have been validated in developing children and those with developmental disorders but have not been studied in DMD. Expanded Hammersmith Functional Motor ...
Nuysink Jacqueline - - 2013
BACKGROUND: One objective of a neonatal follow-up program is to examine and predict gross motor outcome of infants born preterm. AIMS: To assess the concurrent validity of the Test of Infant Motor Performance (TIMP) and the Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS), the ability to predict gross motor outcome around 15months ...
Frick Andrea - - 2013
Recent evidence indicates that 6-month-old infants' mental rotation of objects profits from prior manual experience, whereas observational experience does not have the same beneficial effect. The current study investigated whether older infants, at 8 and 10months, succeed in a mental rotation task after observational experience only and whether performance is ...
Nuysink Jacqueline - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical courses of positional preference and deformational plagiocephaly up to 6 months corrected age (CA) in infants born at gestational age <30 weeks or birth weight <1000 g, and to explore predictive factors for the persistence of these phenomena. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 120 infants ...
Luxwolda Martine F - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Docosahexaenoic (DHA) and arachidonic (AA) acids are important for neurodevelopment. We investigated the relation between erythrocyte (RBC) DHA and AA contents and neurological development, by assessment of General Movements (GMs), in populations with substantial differences in fish intakes. METHODS: We included 3-month-old breastfed infants of three Tanzanian tribes: Maasai ...
van Vliet Elvira O G - - 2013
IMPORTANCE Perinatal infections are commonly present in preterm and very low-birth-weight (VLWB) infants and might contribute to adverse neurodevelopmental outcome. OBJECTIVE To summarize studies evaluating the effect of perinatal infections on neurodevelopmental outcome in very preterm/VLBW infants. EVIDENCE REVIEW On December 12, 2011, we searched Medline, PsycINFO, Embase, and Web ...
Ohman Anna M - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Infants with congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) are at risk of delay in achieving their motor milestones. The aim of this study was to investigate if CMT or time in a prone position as an infant had any influence on motor development at preschool age. DESIGN: A case control study. ...
Ruysschaert Lieselot - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Previous infant studies investigated neural mirroring during the observation of live or video actions. However, both methods have their (dis)advantages and studies using one of these methods are not always directly comparable. Therefore, the present study directly compared neural mirroring activity in a video setting with a live setting ...
Parsons Christine E - - 2013
Infant faces elicit early, specific activity in the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC), a key cortical region for reward and affective processing. A test of the causal relationship between infant facial configuration and OFC activity is provided by naturally occurring disruptions to the face structure. One such disruption is cleft lip, a ...
Gammie Stephen C - - 2013
A recent study has found that carrying - not just holding - by human mothers has a specific calming effect on crying infants, inducing a coordinated physiological response that includes a reduction in heart rate. A similar response in mice has opened the door to elucidating the underlying neural mechanisms.
Atun-Einy Osnat - - 2013
Motivation to move has typically been a post hoc explanation for infants' discovery of new patterns of behavior. As a first step to studying motivation to move directly, we qualitatively assessed motivation to move and measured its relationship to motor development in infancy. We observed 27 infants longitudinally from ages ...
Cabrera-Martos I - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of a conservative intervention in infants with plagiocephaly according to their specific clinical profile. METHODS: Prospective clinical trial in which 104 infants with plagiocephaly accompanied or not by congenital or positional torticollis were referred to Early Care and Monitoring ...
Harbourne Regina T - - 2013
The development of reaching and of sitting during the first year of life is typically studied as separate yet related behaviors. Interestingly, very soon after learning to reach, 4-7-month-old infants start coordinating their arms with their trunk and legs for sitting. In this longitudinal study, we focused, for the first ...
Contaldo Annarita - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors underlying the ability to plan object-oriented grasping movements in the first two years of life. In particular, we were interested in evaluating the relationship between manual motor planning, object use and infant-parent interaction. In order to achieve this aim, grasping ...
Kouider Sid - - 2013
Infants have a sophisticated behavioral and cognitive repertoire suggestive of a capacity for conscious reflection. Yet, demonstrating conscious access in infants remains challenging, mainly because they cannot report their thoughts. Here, to circumvent this problem, we studied whether an electrophysiological signature of consciousness found in adults, corresponding to a late ...
Esposito Gianluca - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Mother-infant bonding is the earliest and most critical social relationship of mammalian infants. To promote this bond, infants have innate behaviors to seek maternal proximity and protest upon separation via communication with the mother vocally and through body movement. However, the physiological mechanisms regulating these infant behaviors remain largely ...
Boo Nem-Yun NY Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, 43000 Kajang, Selangor, - - 2013
This study aimed to determine the prevalence and early outcome of neural tube defects (NTDs) in Malaysia. This prospective study included all neonates with NTDs (spina bifida, anencephaly, encephalocoele) born in 2009 in 32 Malaysian hospitals in the Malaysian National Neonatal Network. The prevalence of NTDs was 0.42 per 1000 ...
de Campos Ana Carolina - - 2013
During infant development, objects and their functions are learned by means of active exploration. Factors that may influence exploration include reaching and grasping ability, object properties and the presence of developmental disorders. We assessed the development of exploratory actions in 16 typically-developing (TD) infants and 9 infants with Down syndrome ...
Serio Stefano - - 2013
The development of grasping is an important milestone that infants encounter during the first months of life. Novel approaches for measuring infants' manual actions are based on sensorized platform usable in natural settings, such as instrumented wireless toys that could be exploited for diagnosis and rehabilitation purposes. A new sensorized ...
Lloyd-Fox S S Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development, Birkbeck, University of London, Malet Street, London WC1E 7HX, UK. - - 2013
In the hope of discovering early markers of autism, attention has recently turned to the study of infants at risk owing to being the younger siblings of children with autism. Because the condition is highly heritable, later-born siblings of diagnosed children are at substantially higher risk for developing autism or ...
Kleven Gale A GA Department of Psychology, Wright State University, Dayton, OH, USA. - - 2013
Mouse models with prenatal alterations in dopaminergic functioning can provide new opportunities to identify fetal behavioral abnormalities and the underlying neural substrates dependent on dopamine. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that prenatal loss of nigrostriatal function is associated with fetal akinesia, or difficulty initiating movement. Specific behaviors were ...
Allievi A G AG Department of Bioengineering, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, South Kensington Campus, London, UK. - - 2013
A comprehensive understanding of the mechanisms that underlie brain development in premature infants and newborns is crucial for the identification of interventional therapies and rehabilitative strategies. fMRI has the potential to identify such mechanisms, but standard techniques used in adults cannot be implemented in infant studies in a straightforward manner. ...
Toyama Noriko - - 2013
During the weaning period, infants are not skilled at self-feeding and caregivers play a prominent role in feeding. Therefore, solid feeding is an inherently collaborative and interactive process between caregivers and infants. The present study examined how caregivers and infants coordinate to construct solid feeding interactions, as an analysis of ...
Travis Katherine E - - 2013
Recently, our laboratory has shown that the neural mechanisms for encoding lexico-semantic information in adults operate functionally by 12-18 months of age within left frontotemporal cortices (Travis et al., 2011. Spatiotemporal neural dynamics of word understanding in 12- to 18-month-old-infants. Cereb Cortex. 8:1832-1839). However, there is minimal knowledge of the ...
Zeifman Alexander - - 2013
General nonstationary birth-death process with possible catastrophes on finite state space is studied. The approach for obtaining the bounds on the rates of convergence to the limiting characteristics is outlined. Method for construction of the limiting characteristics is proposed. We also show that, as a rule, the initial conditions quickly ...
De Bruïne Francisca T - - 2013
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine whether tractography of white-matter tracts can independently predict neurodevelopmental outcome in very preterm infants. METHOD: Out of 84 very preterm infants admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit, 64 (41 males, 23 females; median gestational age 29.1 weeks [range 25.6-31.9]; birthweight 1163g ...
Wu Ying-Chin - - 2013
The objective of this study was to examine the relationships of Doppler cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV) asymmetry measures with developmental outcomes in term infants. Doppler CBFV parameters (peak systolic velocity [PSV] and mean velocity [MV]) of the bilateral middle cerebral arteries of 52 healthy term infants were prospectively examined ...
Elsner Birgit - - 2013
Rational action understanding requires that infants evaluate the efficiency of a movement in achieving a goal with respect to situational constraints. In contrast, recent accounts have highlighted the impact of perceptual characteristics of the demonstrated movement or constraints to explain infants' behavior in so-called rational imitation tasks. The current study ...
Tai Pham The PT Department of Public Health, Kanazawa Medical University, Uchinada, Ishikawa, - - 2013
Dioxin levels in the breast milk of mothers residing near hot spots of dioxin contamination areas in South Vietnam remain much higher than in unsprayed areas, suggesting that fetuses and breast-fed infants may be exposed to high levels of dioxins. The present study investigated the association of infant neurodevelopment in ...
Ahmad Ihab A - - 2013
Vitamin D intoxication in infancy leads to acute hypercalcemia and subsequent hypercalcuria with nephrocalcinosis. Strategies used for patients with vitamin D intoxication are unsatisfactory and associated with prolonged periods of hypercalcemia. We present a 5-month-old infant who had failure to thrive, refusal to feed, delayed motor development, truncal hypotonia, and ...
Zwicker Jill G - - 2013
Premature infants are at risk for adverse motor outcomes, including cerebral palsy and developmental coordination disorder. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of antenatal, perinatal, and postnatal risk factors for abnormal development of the corticospinal tract, the major voluntary motor pathway, during the neonatal period. In ...
Laptook Abbot R - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: A study was undertaken to determine whether higher temperature after hypoxia-ischemia is associated with death or intelligence quotient (IQ)<70 at 6 to 7 years among infants treated with intensive care without hypothermia. METHODS: Control infants (noncooled, n=106) of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research ...
Boucher Olivier - - 2013
Chlordecone is a persistent organochlorine pesticide that was used in the French West Indies until the early 1990s for banana weevil borer control. Human exposure to this chemical in this area still occurs nowadays due to consumption of contaminated food. Although adverse effects on neurodevelopment, including tremors and memory deficits, ...
Lee Dokyeong - - 2013
The goal was to examine the accessibility of Ia-proprioceptive pathways to motoneurons of leg muscles associated with gait in infants with Myelomeningocele (MMC). Participants were 15 MMC infants, ages 2-10 months. We assessed over repeated trials, the tendon reflex (T-reflex), vibration-induced inhibition of T-reflex (VIM-T-reflex), and tonic vibration-induced reflex (VIR) ...
Van Hus Janeline W P - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of the Infant Behavioral Assessment and Intervention Program (IBAIP) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants on cognitive, neuromotor, and behavioral development at 5.5 years corrected age (CA). STUDY DESIGN: In a randomized controlled trial, 86 VLBW infants received post discharge IBAIP intervention until 6 ...
Taylor Heather B HB Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA. - - 2013
Infants with Spina Bifida (SB) were compared to typically developing infants (TD) using a conjugate reinforcement paradigm at 6 months-of-age (n = 98) to evaluate learning, and retention of a sensory-motor contingency. Analyses evaluated infant arm-waving rates at baseline (wrist not tethered to mobile), during acquisition of the sensory-motor contingency ...
Chen Chao-Ying - - 2013
Upper extremity movements, midline behaviors, fine, and gross motor skills are frequently impaired in hemiparesis and cerebral palsy. We investigated midline toy exploration and fine and gross motor skills in infants at risk for hemiplegic cerebral palsy. Eight infants with neonatal stroke (NS) and thirteen infants with typical development (TD) ...
Moerchen Victoria A - - 2013
: This study examined the effect of combined sensory enhancements and manual assistance on the immediate motor responsiveness of infants with spina bifida during treadmill trials. : Six infants with spina bifida, aged 4 to 9.5 months, with lesion levels ranging from L4 to S3 were tested in each of ...
Kyvelidou Anastasia - - 2013
: To determine whether infants born full-term, infants born preterm with motor delays, and infants born preterm who have a diagnosis of cerebral palsy (CP) differed in postural control at the emergence of early sitting. : Thirty infants born at term who were developing typically, 6 infants born preterm who ...
Hielkema Tjitske - - 2013
: To evaluate longitudinal applicability of the Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM) in infants younger than 2 years. : Twelve infants at very high risk for cerebral palsy were enrolled between 1 and 9 months corrected age. The children were assessed 4 times during 1 year with the GMFM-66, GMFM-88, ...
Mathew Preethi - - 2013
Background. The etiology of motor impairments in preterm infants is multifactorial and incompletely understood. Whether corpus callosum development is related to impaired motor function is unclear. Potential associations between motor-related measures and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) of the corpus callosum in preterm infants were explored. Methods. Eight very preterm infants ...
Harris Susan R - - 2013
Objective: To determine if the degree of congenital, idiopathic microcephaly in a female infant was congruent with the degree of developmental motor delay she exhibited. Methods: A 6.5-month-old female infant with idiopathic microcephaly was referred for evaluation due to parental concerns about possible cerebral palsy. She was assessed with two ...
Claxton Laura J - - 2013
Independent stance is one of the most difficult motor milestones to achieve. Newly standing infants exhibit exaggerated body movements and can only stand for a brief amount of time. Given the difficult nature of bipedal stance, these unstable characteristics are slow to improve. However, we demonstrate that infants can increase ...
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