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Lee Dokyeong - - 2013
The goal was to examine the accessibility of Ia-proprioceptive pathways to motoneurons of leg muscles associated with gait in infants with Myelomeningocele (MMC). Participants were 15 MMC infants, ages 2-10 months. We assessed over repeated trials, the tendon reflex (T-reflex), vibration-induced inhibition of T-reflex (VIM-T-reflex), and tonic vibration-induced reflex (VIR) ...
Van Hus Janeline W P - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of the Infant Behavioral Assessment and Intervention Program (IBAIP) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants on cognitive, neuromotor, and behavioral development at 5.5 years corrected age (CA). STUDY DESIGN: In a randomized controlled trial, 86 VLBW infants received post discharge IBAIP intervention until 6 ...
Taylor Heather B - - 2013
Infants with Spina Bifida (SB) were compared to typically developing infants (TD) using a conjugate reinforcement paradigm at 6 months-of-age (n = 98) to evaluate learning, and retention of a sensory-motor contingency. Analyses evaluated infant arm-waving rates at baseline (wrist not tethered to mobile), during acquisition of the sensory-motor contingency ...
Chen Chao-Ying - - 2013
Upper extremity movements, midline behaviors, fine, and gross motor skills are frequently impaired in hemiparesis and cerebral palsy. We investigated midline toy exploration and fine and gross motor skills in infants at risk for hemiplegic cerebral palsy. Eight infants with neonatal stroke (NS) and thirteen infants with typical development (TD) ...
Moerchen Victoria A - - 2013
: This study examined the effect of combined sensory enhancements and manual assistance on the immediate motor responsiveness of infants with spina bifida during treadmill trials. : Six infants with spina bifida, aged 4 to 9.5 months, with lesion levels ranging from L4 to S3 were tested in each of ...
Kyvelidou Anastasia - - 2013
: To determine whether infants born full-term, infants born preterm with motor delays, and infants born preterm who have a diagnosis of cerebral palsy (CP) differed in postural control at the emergence of early sitting. : Thirty infants born at term who were developing typically, 6 infants born preterm who ...
Hielkema Tjitske - - 2013
: To evaluate longitudinal applicability of the Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM) in infants younger than 2 years. : Twelve infants at very high risk for cerebral palsy were enrolled between 1 and 9 months corrected age. The children were assessed 4 times during 1 year with the GMFM-66, GMFM-88, ...
Mathew Preethi - - 2013
Background. The etiology of motor impairments in preterm infants is multifactorial and incompletely understood. Whether corpus callosum development is related to impaired motor function is unclear. Potential associations between motor-related measures and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) of the corpus callosum in preterm infants were explored. Methods. Eight very preterm infants ...
Yadav Yad Ram - - 2013
Burr-hole craniostomy is the most efficient and safe choice for surgical drainage of chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH). Although the twist-drill drainage is also relatively safe and time-saving, it carries the risk of inadequate drainage, brain penetration and hematoma formation. Our modified technique helps in avoiding bleeding and brain penetration. MATERIAL ...
Harris Susan R - - 2013
Objective: To determine if the degree of congenital, idiopathic microcephaly in a female infant was congruent with the degree of developmental motor delay she exhibited. Methods: A 6.5-month-old female infant with idiopathic microcephaly was referred for evaluation due to parental concerns about possible cerebral palsy. She was assessed with two ...
Tymofiyeva Olga - - 2013
Improved understanding of how the human brain is "wired" on a macroscale may now be possible due to the emerging field of MRI connectomics. However, mapping the rapidly developing infant brain networks poses challenges. In this study, we applied an automated template-free "baby connectome" framework using diffusion MRI to non-invasively ...
Claxton Laura J - - 2013
Independent stance is one of the most difficult motor milestones to achieve. Newly standing infants exhibit exaggerated body movements and can only stand for a brief amount of time. Given the difficult nature of bipedal stance, these unstable characteristics are slow to improve. However, we demonstrate that infants can increase ...
Pannek Kerstin - - 2013
Preterm birth is associated with a high prevalence of adverse neurodevelopmental outcome. Non-invasive techniques which can probe the neural correlates underpinning these deficits are required. This can be achieved by measuring the structural network of connections within the preterm infant's brain using diffusion MRI and tractography. We used diffusion MRI ...
Bellù Roberto - - 2013
Variation of respiratory care is described between centers around the world. The Italian Neonatal Network (INN), as a national group of the Vermont-Oxford Network (VON) allows to perform a wide analysis of respiratory care in very low birth weight infants. We analyzed the dataset of infants enrolled in the INN ...
Campbell Suzann K - - 2013
Examine agreement between the Test of Infant Motor Performance (TIMP) and the Bayley III. One hundred forty-five infants born at 29 to 34 weeks gestation with socioenvironmental risk factors were tested on the TIMP and Bayley III at 6 weeks corrected age (CA). Scores were correlated to assess convergence/divergence of ...
Guzzetta Andrea - - 2013
Infants with asymmetric brain lesions are at high risk of developing congenital hemiplegia. Action-observation training (AOT) has been shown to effectively improve upper limb motor function in adults with chronic stroke. AOT is based on action observation, whereby new motor skills can be learnt by observing motor actions. This process ...
Saby Joni N - - 2013
Human infants rapidly learn new skills and customs via imitation, but the neural linkages between action perception and production are not well understood. Neuroscience studies in adults suggest that a key component of imitation-identifying the corresponding body part used in the acts of self and other-has an organized neural signature. ...
Horwood Anna M AM Infant Vision Laboratory, School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences, University of Reading, Earley Gate, Reading RG6 6AL, UK. - - 2013
Accurate coordination of accommodation and convergence is necessary to view near objects and develop fine motor coordination. We used a remote haploscopic videorefraction paradigm to measure longitudinal changes in simultaneous ocular accommodation and vergence to targets at different depths, and to all combinations of blur, binocular disparity, and change-in-size ('proximity') ...
Herrero Dafne - - 2013
To assess the motor development of infants exposed to maternal human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Thirty infants were assessed in the period from November 2009 to March 2010 at the AIDS Reference and Training Centre, in São Paulo, Brazil. The assessment instrument used in the research was the Alberta Infant Motor ...
Garcia Alfredo J AJ 3rd Center for Integrative Brain Research, Seattle Children's Research Institute, Seattle, Washington, United States of America. - - 2013
The preBötzinger complex (preBötC) is a critical neuronal network for the generation of breathing. Lesioning the preBötC abolishes respiration, while when isolated in vitro, the preBötC continues to generate respiratory rhythmic activity. Although several factors influence rhythmogenesis from this network, little is known about how gender may affect preBötC function. ...
Abbas Asad A Registrar, Department of Pediatrics, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, UP, - - 2013
Spontaneous ventral spinal epidural hematomas are extremely rare in children and clinically recognized by the appearance of acute asymmetric focal motor and sensory involvement. In infants, the initial presenting symptoms are very non-specific and irritability is often the only initial manifestation. Appearance of other neurological signs may be delayed up ...
Saccani Raquel - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Whereas considerable work has been published regarding biological factors associated with infant health, much less is known about the associations of environmental context with infant development - the focus of the present cross-sectional study. METHODS: Data was collected on 561 infants, aged newborn to 18 months. Measures included the ...
Paulus Markus - - 2012
Recently, researchers have been debating whether infants' selective imitative learning is primarily based on sensorimotor processes (e.g., motor resonance through action perception) or whether inferential processes such as teleological reasoning (i.e., reasoning about the efficiency of others' actions) predominantly explain selective imitation in infancy. The current study directly investigated two ...
Harold Meredith Poore MP Department of Speech-Language-Hearing: Sciences and Disorders, 3001 Dole, 1000 Sunnyside Ave, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66049, USA. - - 2013
The vocalizations and jaw kinematics of 30 infants aged 6-8 months were recorded using a Motion Analysis System and audiovisual technologies. This study represents the first attempt to determine the effect of play environment on infants' rate of vocalization and jaw movement. Four play conditions were compared: watching videos, social ...
Belfort Mandy B MB Division of Newborn Medicine, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, MA, USA. - - 2013
Former preterm and very low birthweight infants require close neurodevelopmental surveillance after hospital discharge, but in-person professional testing is resource-intensive and inconvenient for families. A standardised developmental questionnaire completed by parents offers an alternative to in-person testing, but few such questionnaires have been validated. Our aim was to validate the ...
Reuner Gitta - - 2012
The study aims on comparing Bayley Scales of infant development third (Bayley-III) and Bayley second (Bayley-II) edition with special focus on patterns in the first year of life. Fifty-five premature infants (43 with low birth weight/LBW >1,499 g and 12 with very/extremely low birth weight/VLBW/ELBW <1,500 g) aged 7 months (corrected for prematurity) ...
Darrah Johanna - - 2012
AIM: To compare the order and age of emergence of rolling prone to supine and supine to prone before the introduction of back to sleep guidelines and 20years after their introduction. METHODS: The original normative data for the Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS) were collected just prior to the introduction ...
Finkel Richard S - - 2012
A term infant, at familial risk for spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), had the diagnosis genetically confirmed on day 3 of life. Clinical evaluation, the CHOP INTEND motor scale and the CMAP amplitude were obtained on days 5 (pre-symptomatic), 20 (mildly weak), 34 (moderately weak) and 63 (severely weak). Palliative care ...
McCrory Cathal - - 2012
The present study examines whether breastfeeding is associated with neuro-developmental advantages at 9 months of age on a standardised measure of infant development in a large cohort study of Irish children. It is hypothesised that if breast-milk confers an independent benefit, infants who were never breastfed will have reached fewer ...
Tal Galit - - 2012
We evaluated the significance of head circumference growth velocity as related to developmental deficits during infancy. Head circumferences, lengths, and developmental diagnoses were retrieved in a standard manner at ≥2 time points from 437 infants with developmental deficits, and 3909 normally developing infants. Infants' ages ranged from 1-24 months, with ...
Szabó Nóra - - 2012
PURPOSE: Primary prevention by periconceptional folic acid supplementation can significantly reduce the risk of neural tube defects. EUROCAT, the European network of population-based registries for the epidemiologic surveillance of congenital anomalies, lacks sufficient data on the birth prevalence of neural tube defects in Hungary before and after the promotion of ...
Paulus Markus - - 2012
The present study examined the neural processes related to different forms of prosocial behavior in infancy by means of a longitudinal study. At 14months, infants' resting state brain activation asymmetries were assessed by means of EEG. At 18months, we examined infants' instrumental helping, and at 24months infants' behavior in a ...
Kahrs Björn A - - 2012
The current study examines the developmental trajectory of banging movements and its implications for tool use development. Twenty (6- to 15-month-old) infants wore reflective markers while banging a handled cube; movements were recorded at 240 Hz. Results indicated that through the second half-year, banging movements undergo developmental changes making them ideally ...
Bierton Christopher - - 2012
It has been suggested that the weather may promote some types of death; this study sought to determine if types of death in the region around Adelaide, South Australia, occur in non-random clusters and in relationship to the weather. A Poisson model was used to determine if the occurrence of ...
González González Nieves L - - 2012
Objective: To determine the effect of using customized vs. standard population birthweight curves to define large for gestational age (LGA) infants. Methods: We analyzed data obtained from 2,097 singleton pregnancies using three different methods of classifying newborn birthweight: standard population curves, British or Spanish customized curves. We recorded maternal characteristics, ...
Huusom Lene Drasbek - - 2012
Cerebral palsy consists of chronic and non-progressive clinical syndromes that are characterized by motor and postural dysfunction. In affected infants, voluntary movements become difficult and limited, and although clinical expression may change with time, this disability is accompanied with major personal and socioeconomic burdens. Preterm infants have an increased risk ...
Laurent Heidemarie K HK University of Wyoming, United States. - - 2012
This study addresses a gap in the attachment literature by investigating maternal neural response to cry related to infant attachment classifications and behaviors. Twenty-two primiparous mothers and their 18-month old infants completed the Strange Situation (SS) procedure to elicit attachment behaviors. During a separate functional MRI session, mothers were exposed ...
Bhat A N AN Physical Therapy Program, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, United - - 2012
Motor delays have been reported in retrospective studies of young infants who later develop Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs). In this study, we prospectively compared the gross motor development of a cohort at risk for ASDs; infant siblings of children with ASDs (AU sibs) to low risk typically developing (LR) infants. ...
Bejjani Charbel - - 2012
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) remains the commonest cause of death in the post-neonatal period in the developed world. A leading hypothesis is that an abnormality in the brainstem of infants who succumb to SIDS, either causes or predisposes to failure to respond appropriately to an exogenous stressor. Neuronal apoptosis ...
Liu Yan-Lin - - 2013
Poor oral-motor developments in premature infants are common. From the viewpoint of developmental care, most of the infants required individualized therapy. The specific aim of our study was to evaluate the effectiveness and impact of early intervention of oral-motor management on feeding pattern and the neonatal outcomes in premature neonates. ...
Grossmann Tobias - - 2012
Integrating the multisensory features of talking faces is critical to learning and extracting coherent meaning from social signals. While we know much about the development of these capacities at the behavioral level, we know very little about the underlying neural processes. One prominent behavioral milestone of these capacities is the ...
Cole Whitney G - - 2012
In light of cross-cultural and experimental research highlighting effects of childrearing practices on infant motor skill, we asked whether wearing diapers, a seemingly innocuous childrearing practice, affects infant walking. Diapers introduce bulk between the legs, potentially exacerbating infants' poor balance and wide stance. We show that walking is adversely affected ...
Majid Aziz - - 2012
Spinal muscular atrophy with respiratory distress type 1 (SMARD1) is a clinically heterogeneous disorder linked to mutations in the immunoglobulin mu-binding protein 2 (IGHMBP2) gene on chromosome 11q13-q21. Most infants with SMARD1 present between six weeks and six months of age with respiratory distress secondary to diaphragmatic weakness and progressive ...
Ramírez-Altamirano María de Jesús Mde - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship of neurotoxic inorganic elements in the hair of patients with the diagnosis of Neural Tube Defects. Our initial hypothesis was that neurotoxic inorganic elements were associated with Neural Tube Defects. Twenty-three samples of hair from newborns were obtained from the ...
Cacchione Trix - - 2012
Research on object cognition in infancy suggests that children from (at latest) 1 year of age are capable of individuating objects according to property/kind information. It remains unclear from previous work, however, whether infants in such studies truly apply sortal (kind) concepts or whether they merely track objects on the ...
Ball Gareth G Centre for the Developing Brain, Division of Imaging Sciences & Biomedical Engineering, King's College London, London, - - 2013
Defining connectivity in the human brain signifies a major neuroscientific goal. Advanced imaging techniques have enabled the non-invasive tracing of brain networks to define the human connectome on a millimetre-scale. During early development, the brain undergoes significant changes that are likely represented in the developing connectome, and preterm birth represents ...
Zwanenburg Alex - - 2012
Electroencephalographic characteristics are useful in assessment of the functional status of specific neuronal connections relative to postmenstrual age. Interhemispheric burst synchrony (IBS) is a measure of the functional connectivity between the hemispheres in the maturing preterm brain.
Cogo P E - - 2012
Pulmonary hypoplasia and hypertension account for significant morbidity and mortality in neonates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Whether CDH is associated with surfactant dysfunction remains controversial. Therefore, we measure disaturated phosphatidylcholine and surfactant protein B concentration in tracheal aspirates and their synthesis rate in infants with CDH compared to infants ...
Dargaville Peter A - - 2012
ObjectiveTo evaluate the applicability and potential effectiveness of a technique of minimally-invasive surfactant therapy (MIST) in preterm infants on continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP).MethodsAn open feasibility study of MIST was conducted at two sites. Infants were eligible for MIST if needing CPAP pressure ≥7 cm H(2)O and FiO(2) ≥0.3 (25-28 ...
Bersani Iliana - - 2012
Immaturity of the pulmonary and immune systems represents an important risk factor for increased morbidity and mortality in neonates. Surfactant protein (SP)-A and SP-D, linking molecules between these two systems, are critical for lung homeostasis as they regulate surfactant metabolism and host immunodefense activities in innate and adaptive immunity. Preterm ...
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