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Ohman Anna M - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Infants with congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) are at risk of delay in achieving their motor milestones. The aim of this study was to investigate if CMT or time in a prone position as an infant had any influence on motor development at preschool age. DESIGN: A case control study. ...
Ruysschaert Lieselot - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Previous infant studies investigated neural mirroring during the observation of live or video actions. However, both methods have their (dis)advantages and studies using one of these methods are not always directly comparable. Therefore, the present study directly compared neural mirroring activity in a video setting with a live setting ...
Parsons Christine E - - 2013
Infant faces elicit early, specific activity in the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC), a key cortical region for reward and affective processing. A test of the causal relationship between infant facial configuration and OFC activity is provided by naturally occurring disruptions to the face structure. One such disruption is cleft lip, a ...
Gammie Stephen C - - 2013
A recent study has found that carrying - not just holding - by human mothers has a specific calming effect on crying infants, inducing a coordinated physiological response that includes a reduction in heart rate. A similar response in mice has opened the door to elucidating the underlying neural mechanisms.
Atun-Einy Osnat - - 2013
Motivation to move has typically been a post hoc explanation for infants' discovery of new patterns of behavior. As a first step to studying motivation to move directly, we qualitatively assessed motivation to move and measured its relationship to motor development in infancy. We observed 27 infants longitudinally from ages ...
Cabrera-Martos I - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of a conservative intervention in infants with plagiocephaly according to their specific clinical profile. METHODS: Prospective clinical trial in which 104 infants with plagiocephaly accompanied or not by congenital or positional torticollis were referred to Early Care and Monitoring ...
Harbourne Regina T - - 2013
The development of reaching and of sitting during the first year of life is typically studied as separate yet related behaviors. Interestingly, very soon after learning to reach, 4-7-month-old infants start coordinating their arms with their trunk and legs for sitting. In this longitudinal study, we focused, for the first ...
Contaldo Annarita - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors underlying the ability to plan object-oriented grasping movements in the first two years of life. In particular, we were interested in evaluating the relationship between manual motor planning, object use and infant-parent interaction. In order to achieve this aim, grasping ...
Kouider Sid - - 2013
Infants have a sophisticated behavioral and cognitive repertoire suggestive of a capacity for conscious reflection. Yet, demonstrating conscious access in infants remains challenging, mainly because they cannot report their thoughts. Here, to circumvent this problem, we studied whether an electrophysiological signature of consciousness found in adults, corresponding to a late ...
Esposito Gianluca - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Mother-infant bonding is the earliest and most critical social relationship of mammalian infants. To promote this bond, infants have innate behaviors to seek maternal proximity and protest upon separation via communication with the mother vocally and through body movement. However, the physiological mechanisms regulating these infant behaviors remain largely ...
Boo Nem-Yun - - 2013
This study aimed to determine the prevalence and early outcome of neural tube defects (NTDs) in Malaysia. This prospective study included all neonates with NTDs (spina bifida, anencephaly, encephalocoele) born in 2009 in 32 Malaysian hospitals in the Malaysian National Neonatal Network. The prevalence of NTDs was 0.42 per 1000 ...
de Campos Ana Carolina - - 2013
During infant development, objects and their functions are learned by means of active exploration. Factors that may influence exploration include reaching and grasping ability, object properties and the presence of developmental disorders. We assessed the development of exploratory actions in 16 typically-developing (TD) infants and 9 infants with Down syndrome ...
Serio Stefano - - 2013
The development of grasping is an important milestone that infants encounter during the first months of life. Novel approaches for measuring infants' manual actions are based on sensorized platform usable in natural settings, such as instrumented wireless toys that could be exploited for diagnosis and rehabilitation purposes. A new sensorized ...
Lloyd-Fox S S Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development, Birkbeck, University of London, Malet Street, London WC1E 7HX, UK. - - 2013
In the hope of discovering early markers of autism, attention has recently turned to the study of infants at risk owing to being the younger siblings of children with autism. Because the condition is highly heritable, later-born siblings of diagnosed children are at substantially higher risk for developing autism or ...
Kleven Gale A GA Department of Psychology, Wright State University, Dayton, OH, USA. - - 2013
Mouse models with prenatal alterations in dopaminergic functioning can provide new opportunities to identify fetal behavioral abnormalities and the underlying neural substrates dependent on dopamine. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that prenatal loss of nigrostriatal function is associated with fetal akinesia, or difficulty initiating movement. Specific behaviors were ...
Allievi A G AG Department of Bioengineering, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, South Kensington Campus, London, UK. - - 2013
A comprehensive understanding of the mechanisms that underlie brain development in premature infants and newborns is crucial for the identification of interventional therapies and rehabilitative strategies. fMRI has the potential to identify such mechanisms, but standard techniques used in adults cannot be implemented in infant studies in a straightforward manner. ...
Toyama Noriko - - 2013
During the weaning period, infants are not skilled at self-feeding and caregivers play a prominent role in feeding. Therefore, solid feeding is an inherently collaborative and interactive process between caregivers and infants. The present study examined how caregivers and infants coordinate to construct solid feeding interactions, as an analysis of ...
Travis Katherine E - - 2013
Recently, our laboratory has shown that the neural mechanisms for encoding lexico-semantic information in adults operate functionally by 12-18 months of age within left frontotemporal cortices (Travis et al., 2011. Spatiotemporal neural dynamics of word understanding in 12- to 18-month-old-infants. Cereb Cortex. 8:1832-1839). However, there is minimal knowledge of the ...
Zeifman Alexander - - 2013
General nonstationary birth-death process with possible catastrophes on finite state space is studied. The approach for obtaining the bounds on the rates of convergence to the limiting characteristics is outlined. Method for construction of the limiting characteristics is proposed. We also show that, as a rule, the initial conditions quickly ...
De Bruïne Francisca T - - 2013
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine whether tractography of white-matter tracts can independently predict neurodevelopmental outcome in very preterm infants. METHOD: Out of 84 very preterm infants admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit, 64 (41 males, 23 females; median gestational age 29.1 weeks [range 25.6-31.9]; birthweight 1163g ...
Wu Ying-Chin - - 2013
The objective of this study was to examine the relationships of Doppler cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV) asymmetry measures with developmental outcomes in term infants. Doppler CBFV parameters (peak systolic velocity [PSV] and mean velocity [MV]) of the bilateral middle cerebral arteries of 52 healthy term infants were prospectively examined ...
Elsner Birgit - - 2013
Rational action understanding requires that infants evaluate the efficiency of a movement in achieving a goal with respect to situational constraints. In contrast, recent accounts have highlighted the impact of perceptual characteristics of the demonstrated movement or constraints to explain infants' behavior in so-called rational imitation tasks. The current study ...
Tai Pham The PT Department of Public Health, Kanazawa Medical University, Uchinada, Ishikawa, - - 2013
Dioxin levels in the breast milk of mothers residing near hot spots of dioxin contamination areas in South Vietnam remain much higher than in unsprayed areas, suggesting that fetuses and breast-fed infants may be exposed to high levels of dioxins. The present study investigated the association of infant neurodevelopment in ...
Ahmad Ihab A - - 2013
Vitamin D intoxication in infancy leads to acute hypercalcemia and subsequent hypercalcuria with nephrocalcinosis. Strategies used for patients with vitamin D intoxication are unsatisfactory and associated with prolonged periods of hypercalcemia. We present a 5-month-old infant who had failure to thrive, refusal to feed, delayed motor development, truncal hypotonia, and ...
Zwicker Jill G - - 2013
Premature infants are at risk for adverse motor outcomes, including cerebral palsy and developmental coordination disorder. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of antenatal, perinatal, and postnatal risk factors for abnormal development of the corticospinal tract, the major voluntary motor pathway, during the neonatal period. In ...
Laptook Abbot R - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: A study was undertaken to determine whether higher temperature after hypoxia-ischemia is associated with death or intelligence quotient (IQ)<70 at 6 to 7 years among infants treated with intensive care without hypothermia. METHODS: Control infants (noncooled, n=106) of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research ...
Boucher Olivier - - 2013
Chlordecone is a persistent organochlorine pesticide that was used in the French West Indies until the early 1990s for banana weevil borer control. Human exposure to this chemical in this area still occurs nowadays due to consumption of contaminated food. Although adverse effects on neurodevelopment, including tremors and memory deficits, ...
Lee Dokyeong - - 2013
The goal was to examine the accessibility of Ia-proprioceptive pathways to motoneurons of leg muscles associated with gait in infants with Myelomeningocele (MMC). Participants were 15 MMC infants, ages 2-10 months. We assessed over repeated trials, the tendon reflex (T-reflex), vibration-induced inhibition of T-reflex (VIM-T-reflex), and tonic vibration-induced reflex (VIR) ...
Van Hus Janeline W P - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of the Infant Behavioral Assessment and Intervention Program (IBAIP) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants on cognitive, neuromotor, and behavioral development at 5.5 years corrected age (CA). STUDY DESIGN: In a randomized controlled trial, 86 VLBW infants received post discharge IBAIP intervention until 6 ...
Taylor Heather B HB Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA. - - 2013
Infants with Spina Bifida (SB) were compared to typically developing infants (TD) using a conjugate reinforcement paradigm at 6 months-of-age (n = 98) to evaluate learning, and retention of a sensory-motor contingency. Analyses evaluated infant arm-waving rates at baseline (wrist not tethered to mobile), during acquisition of the sensory-motor contingency ...
Chen Chao-Ying - - 2013
Upper extremity movements, midline behaviors, fine, and gross motor skills are frequently impaired in hemiparesis and cerebral palsy. We investigated midline toy exploration and fine and gross motor skills in infants at risk for hemiplegic cerebral palsy. Eight infants with neonatal stroke (NS) and thirteen infants with typical development (TD) ...
Moerchen Victoria A - - 2013
: This study examined the effect of combined sensory enhancements and manual assistance on the immediate motor responsiveness of infants with spina bifida during treadmill trials. : Six infants with spina bifida, aged 4 to 9.5 months, with lesion levels ranging from L4 to S3 were tested in each of ...
Kyvelidou Anastasia - - 2013
: To determine whether infants born full-term, infants born preterm with motor delays, and infants born preterm who have a diagnosis of cerebral palsy (CP) differed in postural control at the emergence of early sitting. : Thirty infants born at term who were developing typically, 6 infants born preterm who ...
Hielkema Tjitske - - 2013
: To evaluate longitudinal applicability of the Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM) in infants younger than 2 years. : Twelve infants at very high risk for cerebral palsy were enrolled between 1 and 9 months corrected age. The children were assessed 4 times during 1 year with the GMFM-66, GMFM-88, ...
Mathew Preethi - - 2013
Background. The etiology of motor impairments in preterm infants is multifactorial and incompletely understood. Whether corpus callosum development is related to impaired motor function is unclear. Potential associations between motor-related measures and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) of the corpus callosum in preterm infants were explored. Methods. Eight very preterm infants ...
Yadav Yad Ram - - 2013
Burr-hole craniostomy is the most efficient and safe choice for surgical drainage of chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH). Although the twist-drill drainage is also relatively safe and time-saving, it carries the risk of inadequate drainage, brain penetration and hematoma formation. Our modified technique helps in avoiding bleeding and brain penetration. MATERIAL ...
Harris Susan R - - 2013
Objective: To determine if the degree of congenital, idiopathic microcephaly in a female infant was congruent with the degree of developmental motor delay she exhibited. Methods: A 6.5-month-old female infant with idiopathic microcephaly was referred for evaluation due to parental concerns about possible cerebral palsy. She was assessed with two ...
Claxton Laura J - - 2013
Independent stance is one of the most difficult motor milestones to achieve. Newly standing infants exhibit exaggerated body movements and can only stand for a brief amount of time. Given the difficult nature of bipedal stance, these unstable characteristics are slow to improve. However, we demonstrate that infants can increase ...
Pannek Kerstin - - 2013
Preterm birth is associated with a high prevalence of adverse neurodevelopmental outcome. Non-invasive techniques which can probe the neural correlates underpinning these deficits are required. This can be achieved by measuring the structural network of connections within the preterm infant's brain using diffusion MRI and tractography. We used diffusion MRI ...
Bellù Roberto - - 2013
Variation of respiratory care is described between centers around the world. The Italian Neonatal Network (INN), as a national group of the Vermont-Oxford Network (VON) allows to perform a wide analysis of respiratory care in very low birth weight infants. We analyzed the dataset of infants enrolled in the INN ...
Campbell Suzann K - - 2013
Examine agreement between the Test of Infant Motor Performance (TIMP) and the Bayley III. One hundred forty-five infants born at 29 to 34 weeks gestation with socioenvironmental risk factors were tested on the TIMP and Bayley III at 6 weeks corrected age (CA). Scores were correlated to assess convergence/divergence of ...
Guzzetta Andrea - - 2013
Infants with asymmetric brain lesions are at high risk of developing congenital hemiplegia. Action-observation training (AOT) has been shown to effectively improve upper limb motor function in adults with chronic stroke. AOT is based on action observation, whereby new motor skills can be learnt by observing motor actions. This process ...
Saby Joni N - - 2013
Human infants rapidly learn new skills and customs via imitation, but the neural linkages between action perception and production are not well understood. Neuroscience studies in adults suggest that a key component of imitation-identifying the corresponding body part used in the acts of self and other-has an organized neural signature. ...
Horwood Anna M AM Infant Vision Laboratory, School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences, University of Reading, Earley Gate, Reading RG6 6AL, UK. - - 2013
Accurate coordination of accommodation and convergence is necessary to view near objects and develop fine motor coordination. We used a remote haploscopic videorefraction paradigm to measure longitudinal changes in simultaneous ocular accommodation and vergence to targets at different depths, and to all combinations of blur, binocular disparity, and change-in-size ('proximity') ...
Herrero Dafne - - 2013
To assess the motor development of infants exposed to maternal human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Thirty infants were assessed in the period from November 2009 to March 2010 at the AIDS Reference and Training Centre, in São Paulo, Brazil. The assessment instrument used in the research was the Alberta Infant Motor ...
Garcia Alfredo J AJ 3rd Center for Integrative Brain Research, Seattle Children's Research Institute, Seattle, Washington, United States of America. - - 2013
The preBötzinger complex (preBötC) is a critical neuronal network for the generation of breathing. Lesioning the preBötC abolishes respiration, while when isolated in vitro, the preBötC continues to generate respiratory rhythmic activity. Although several factors influence rhythmogenesis from this network, little is known about how gender may affect preBötC function. ...
Abbas Asad A Registrar, Department of Pediatrics, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, UP, - - 2013
Spontaneous ventral spinal epidural hematomas are extremely rare in children and clinically recognized by the appearance of acute asymmetric focal motor and sensory involvement. In infants, the initial presenting symptoms are very non-specific and irritability is often the only initial manifestation. Appearance of other neurological signs may be delayed up ...
Tymofiyeva Olga O Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of - - 2013
Improved understanding of how the human brain is "wired" on a macroscale may now be possible due to the emerging field of MRI connectomics. However, mapping the rapidly developing infant brain networks poses challenges. In this study, we applied an automated template-free "baby connectome" framework using diffusion MRI to non-invasively ...
Laurent Heidemarie K HK Department of Psychology, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY, USA. - - 2013
Depressed mothers show negatively biased responses to their infants' emotional bids, perhaps due to faulty processing of infant cues. This study is the first to examine depression-related differences in mothers' neural response to their own infant's emotion faces, considering both effects of perinatal depression history and current depressive symptoms. Primiparous ...
Sansom Jennifer K JK Developmental Neuromotor Control Laboratory, School of Kinesiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA. - - 2013
To characterize how infants with myelomeningocele (MMC) activate lower limb muscles over the first year of life, without practice, while stepping on a motorized treadmill. Twelve infants with MMC were tested longitudinally at 1, 6, and 12 months. Electromyography was used to collect data from the tibialis anterior, lateral gastrocnemius, ...
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