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Woodward Amanda L AL Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, , 5848 South University Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, - - 2014
The discovery of mirror neurons in the monkey motor cortex has inspired wide-ranging hypotheses about the potential relationship between action control and social cognition. In this paper, we consider the hypothesis that this relationship supports the early development of a critical aspect of social understanding, the ability to analyse others' ...
Marshall Peter J PJ Department of Psychology, Temple University, , 1701 North 13th Street, Philadelphia, PA 19122, - - 2014
Studying human infants will increase our understanding of the nature, origins and function of neural mirroring mechanisms. Human infants are prolific imitators. Infant imitation indicates observation-execution linkages in the brain prior to language and protracted learning. Investigations of neural aspects of these linkages in human infants have focused on the ...
Corbetta Daniela D Department of Psychology, University of Tennessee Knoxville, TN, - - 2014
Hand preference in infancy is marked by many developmental shifts in hand use and arm coupling as infants reach for and manipulate objects. Research has linked these early shifts in hand use to the emergence of fundamental postural-locomotor milestones. Specifically, it was found that bimanual reaching declines when infants learn ...
Rotem-Kohavi Naama N Neuroscience Program, University of British Columbia Vancouver, BC, - - 2014
The functional networks that support action observation are of great interest in understanding the development of social cognition and motor learning. How infants learn to represent and understand the world around them remains one of the most intriguing questions in developmental cognitive neuroscience. Recently, mathematical measures derived from graph theory ...
Fujii Shinya S The Heart and Stroke Foundation Canadian Partnership for Stroke Recovery, Sunnybrook Research Institute, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Research Fellow of the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, - - 2014
Dancing and singing to music involve auditory-motor coordination and have been essential to our human culture since ancient times. Although scholars have been trying to understand the evolutionary and developmental origin of music, early human developmental manifestations of auditory-motor interactions in music have not been fully investigated. Here we report ...
Fantasia Valentina V Department of Psychology, Centre for Situated Action and Communication, University of Portsmouth Portsmouth, - - 2014
Play has proved to have a central role in children's development, most notably in rule learning (Piaget, 1965; Sutton-Smith, 1979) and negotiation of roles and goals (Garvey, 1974; Bruner et al., 1976). Yet very little research has been done on early play. The present study focuses on early social games, ...
Yrttiaho Santeri S Tampere Center for Child Health Research, School of Medicine, University of Tampere, Tampere, - - 2014
Biases in attention towards facial cues during infancy may have an important role in the development of social brain networks. The current study used a longitudinal design to examine the stability of infants' attentional biases towards facial expressions and to elucidate how these biases relate to emerging cortical sensitivity to ...
Miyazaki Michiko M 1] Brain Science Institute, Tamagawa University [2] School of Social Information Studies, Otsuma Women's University - - 2014
Human infants show spontaneous behaviours such as general movement, goal-directed behaviour, and self-motivated behaviour from a very early age. However, it is unclear how these behaviours are organised throughout development. A major hindrance to empirical investigation is that there is no common paradigm for all ages that can circumvent infants' ...
Wylie Korey P KP Department of Psychiatry, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO, - - 2014
Infant resting-state networks do not exhibit the same connectivity patterns as those of young children and adults. Current theories of brain development emphasize developmental progression in regional and network specialization. We compared infant and adult functional connectivity, predicting that infants would exhibit less regional specificity and greater internetwork communication compared ...
Madlinger-Lewis Laura L Washington University School of Medicine, Program in Occupational Therapy, 4444 Forest Park Avenue, Saint Louis, MO 63110, United - - 2013
There is a paucity of studies that have investigated the developmental benefits of positioning in the neonatal intensive care unit. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a new, alternative positioning device compared to traditional positioning methods used with preterm infants. In this randomized, blinded clinical ...
Moreira Rafaela S RS Health Sciences: Child and Adolescent Health, School of Medicine, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil; Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC), Araranguá, SC, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2013
to examine and synthesize the available knowledge in the literature about the effects of preterm birth on the development of school-age children. this was a systematic review of studies published in the past ten years indexed in MEDLINE/Pubmed, MEDLINE/BVS; LILACS/BVS; IBECS/BVS; Cochrane/BVS, CINAHL, Web of Science, Scopus, and PsycNET in ...
Albright A Leland AL Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, Kijabe Hospital, Kijabe, - - 2013
Object The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of distal cordectomies on motor function in the lower extremities of infants with lumbosacral myelomeningoceles. Methods Medical records were reviewed in 32 infants with lumbosacral myelomeningoceles who were 1 day to 7 months old, who had some lower-extremity function ...
Leventakou Vasiliki V Department of Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Crete, Heraklion, Crete, - - 2013
Breast feeding duration has been associated with improved cognitive development in children. However, few population-based prospective studies have evaluated dose-response relationships of breastfeeding duration with language and motor development at early ages, and results are discrepant. The study uses data from the prospective mother-child cohort ('Rhea' study) in Crete, Greece. ...
Mascaro Jennifer S JS Department of Anthropology, Emory University, 207 Anthropology Building, 1557 Dickey Drive, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA. - - 2013
Although evolution has shaped human infant crying and the corresponding response from caregivers, there is marked variation in paternal involvement and caretaking behavior, highlighting the importance of understanding the neurobiology supporting optimal paternal responses to cries. We explored the neural response to infant cries in fathers of children aged 1-2, ...
Herber-Jonat Susanne - - 2013
Abstract Objective: We aimed to determine the long-term neurodevelopmental outcome in extremely preterm infants of 22-23 completed week's gestation as compared to infants of 24 weeks with immediate postnatal life support born in two German tertiary perinatal centres between 1999-2003. Methods: Children were assessed for cognitive and neurological outcomes at ...
Thompson Deanne K DK Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Royal Children's Hospital, Parkville, Vic, Australia; Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health, University of Melbourne, Carlton, Vic, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2013
The aims of this study were to investigate regional white matter microstructural differences between very preterm (VPT) (<30 weeks' gestational age and/or <1250 g) and full term (FT) (≥37 weeks' gestational age) infants at term corrected age with diffusion tensor imaging, and to explore perinatal predictors of diffusion measures, and the ...
Carra Cecilia - - 2013
This study investigated cultural differences, continuity and change of practices concerning body stimulation in a context of immigration. Parenting behaviors during the interaction with infants at 4, 8 and 12 weeks, and parenting ethnotheories at 12 weeks of first-generation West African immigrant mothers in Italy and autochthonous Italian mothers were ...
West Bethany A - - 2013
Motor vehicle crashes are a leading cause of death for children, teenagers, and young adults in the United States. In 2009, approximately 36,000 persons were killed in motor vehicle crashes, and racial/ethnic minorities were affected disproportionally. Approximately 4.3% of all American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) deaths and 3.3% of all Hispanic ...
Kendall Giles S GS From the Department of Academic Neonatology, EGA Institute for Women's Health (G.S.K., A.H.C., N.M., N.J.R.), and Centre for Medical Image Computing (A.M., S.O.), University College London, Medical School Building, 74 Huntley St, London WC1E 6AU, England; Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, England (S.J.); Department of Medical Physics & Bioengineering, University College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, England (D.P., A.B., E.B.C.); and Department of Neuroradiology, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust, London, England - - 2013
Purpose To determine (a) whether diffuse white matter injury of prematurity is associated with an increased choline (Cho)-to-creatine (Cr) ratio and a reduced N-acetylaspartate (NAA)-to-Cho ratio and whether these measures can be used as biomarkers of outcome and (b) if changes in peak area metabolite ratios at magnetic resonance (MR) ...
Lebarton Eve Sauer - - 2013
We investigated whether fine motor and expressive language skills are related in the later-born siblings of children with autism (heightened-risk, HR infants) who are at increased risk for language delays. We observed 34 HR infants longitudinally from 12 to 36 months. We used parent report and standardized observation measures to assess ...
Parsons Christine E - - 2013
The bond between a parent and an infant often appears to form effortlessly and intuitively, and this relationship is fundamental to infant survival and development. Parenting is considered to depend on specific brain networks that are largely conserved across species and in place even before parenthood. Efforts to understand the ...
Natale Elena - - 2013
The study explores infants' ability to generate on-line predictions about others' action goals through the recruitment of motor resonance mechanisms. To this aim, electromyography was recorded from mouth-opening suprahyoid muscles (SM) of 9-month-old infants while watching a video of an adult agent reaching-to-grasp an object and bringing it either to ...
Voorthuis Alexandra - - 2013
The neuropeptide oxytocin facilitates parental caregiving and is involved in the processing of infant vocal cues. In this randomized-controlled trial with functional magnetic resonance imaging we examined the influence of intranasally administered oxytocin on neural activity during emotion recognition in infant faces. Blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) responses during emotion ...
Piastra Marco - - 2013
Neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) is a new ventilator modality with an innovative synchronization technique. Our aim is to verify if NAVA is feasible and safe in terms of physiological and clinical variables in infants recovering from severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). This is a pilot nested study to ...
Madhavan Sangeetha - - 2013
To determine whether motor outcomes of an exercise intervention beginning at 2 months corrected age (CA) in children with periventricular brain injury (PBI) are correlated with fractional anisotropy (FA) measures derived from diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) at 12 months CA. DTI was performed in eight infants with PBI who were ...
Southgate Victoria - - 2013
Successful mindreading entails both the ability to think about what others know or believe, and to use this knowledge to generate predictions about how mental states will influence behavior. While previous studies have demonstrated that young infants are sensitive to others' mental states, there continues to be much debate concerning ...
Rabner M - - 2013
Objective:To assess the impact of using the recently published WHO growth standard, based on healthy, breastfed infants in multiple countries that excluded prematurely born infants, versus the Infant Health Development Program (IHDP) growth reference constructed from premature infants, on the interpretation of the growth of premature infants after hospital discharge.Study ...
Chen Mei-Huei - - 2013
Epidemiologic data regarding the potential neurotoxicity of perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) are inconclusive. We investigated the associations between in utero exposure to perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctyl sulfonate (PFOS) and early childhood neurodevelopment. We recruited 239 mother-infant pairs in northern Taiwan from the Taiwan Birth Panel Study, which was established in ...
Torsvik Ingrid - - 2013
During infancy, minor developmental delays and gastrointestinal complaints are common as is a biochemical profile indicative of impaired cobalamin status. We investigated whether cobalamin supplementation can improve the development or symptoms in infants with biochemical signs of impaired cobalamin function and developmental delay or feeding difficulties. Infants <8 mo of ...
Futagi Yasuyuki - - 2013
There have been very few studies concerning the Babkin reflex-opening of the mouth and flexion of the arms in response to stimulation of the palms. We attempted to clarify the clinical significance and neural mechanism of the reflex through systematic review. Searches were conducted on Medline, Embase, and Google Scholar ...
Saccani Raquel - - 2013
To compare the motor development of infants from three population samples (Brazil, Canada and Greece), to investigate differences in the percentile curves of motor development in these samples, and to investigate the prevalence of motor delays in Brazilian children. Observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study with 795 Brazilian infants from zero ...
Ekas Naomi V - - 2013
The ability to effectively regulate emotions is a critical component of early socio-emotional development. This longitudinal study examined the developmental trajectories of emotion regulation in a sample of 3-, 5-, and 7-month-olds during an interaction with mothers and fathers. Infants' negative affect and use of behavioral strategies, including distraction, self-soothing, ...
Lloyd-Fox Sarah - - 2013
The extent to which perception and action share common neural processes is much debated in cognitive neuroscience. Taking a developmental approach to this issue allows us to assess whether perceptual processing develops in close association with the emergence of related action skills within the same individual. The current study used ...
Morgan Catherine - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:Neuroplasticity evidence from animals favors an early enriched environment for promoting optimal brain injury recovery. In infants, systematic reviews show environmental enrichment (EE) improves cognitive outcomes but the effect on motor skills is less understood. The objective of this review was to appraise the effectiveness evidence about EE ...
Amin Sanjiv B SB Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, NY. Electronic address: - - 2013
To determine whether cord serum ferritin level is associated with auditory brainstem evoked response interpeak latencies, an index of auditory neural myelination, in infants at ≥ 35 weeks gestational age (GA). This prospective study compared auditory neural myelination in infants with latent iron deficiency (cord serum ferritin, 11-75 ng/mL) and ...
Freitas Teresa C B - - 2013
Socioeconomic status (SES) and stimulation provided in the home environment are influential factors in aspects of child well-being including motor development. Little is known regarding the influence of SES on specific aspects of the home environment. To evaluate the availability of affordances in the home to promote infant motor development ...
Swartz Lynne - - 2013
Motor vehicle crashes are responsible for much death and disability among infants and toddlers. This study evaluated Keeping Baby Safe In and Around the Car, a multimedia DVD designed to improve knowledge about car seat installation among parents of infants and toddlers. The randomized controlled trial was conducted with 195 ...
Berghuis Sietske A - - 2013
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are ubiquitous environmental pollutants that are potentially toxic to the developing brain. Hydroxylated metabolites of PCBs (OH-PCBs) are suggested to be even more toxic. Little is known about their short-term effects on human health. To determine whether prenatal background exposure to PCBs and OH-PCBs was associated with ...
Lecouffe Natalie E - - 2013
Aim The study aimed to determine the effect of enteral supplementation of a prebiotic mixture (neutral and acidic oligosaccharides) in the neonatal period on neurodevelopmental outcome in preterm infants with a gestational age of less than 32 weeks and/or birth weight of less than 1,500 g in the first year ...
Lee Wayne - - 2013
Resting state networks are proposed to reflect the neuronal connectivity that underlies cognitive processes. Consequently, abnormal behaviour of these networks due to disease or altered development may predict poor cognitive outcome. To understand how very preterm birth may affect the development of resting state connectivity, we followed a cohort of ...
Reus Linda - - 2013
Although severe motor problems in infants with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) are striking, motor development has never been studied longitudinally and the results of growth hormone (GH) treatment on motor development are contradictory. The authors studied whether GH treatment can enhance the effect of physical training on motor development in infants ...
Batalle Dafnis - - 2013
Obtaining individual biomarkers for the prediction of altered neurological outcome is a challenge of modern medicine and neuroscience. Connectomics based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) stands as a good candidate to exhaustively extract information from MRI by integrating the information obtained in a few network features that can be used ...
Lowes Linda Pax - - 2013
ABSTRACT The evidence for Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy (CIMT) effectiveness for infants and toddlers with unilateral cerebral palsy is minimal. We performed a pilot study of CIMT using one-month usual care, one-month intervention, and one-month maintenance (return to usual care) phases on five infants (7- to 18-month old). For the CIMT ...
Oberg Gunn Kristin - - 2013
Abstract Background and purpose: Physiotherapy is a common intervention for preterm infants with motor disorders. There is a limited knowledge on how individual and contextual actions influence what is created and achieved in clinical encounters between physiotherapists and infants born preterm. In this theoretical paper the aim is to open ...
Liu Xun - - 2013
The American Heart Association, the European Resuscitation and the International Liaison Committee issued new neonatal resuscitation guidelines (2010) where therapeutic hypothermia is introduced after hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE) in term infants to prevent brain injury. Our study aimed to investigate whether hypothermia can reduce the release of a cardiac cellular marker, ...
Maitre Nathalie L - - 2013
Neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) patients are at high risk for developmental disabilities such as cerebral palsy (CP). Early identification of CP is essential to effective rehabilitation, but diagnosis is often delayed, especially in preterm infants. We hypothesized that through the longitudinal evaluation of motor trajectories in the NICU follow-up ...
Odd David Edward DE Neonatal Unit, Southmead Hospital, Bristol, UK; Clinical Science at North Bristol, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK. - - 2013
To investigate whether children born between 32 and 36 weeks of gestation have an increased risk of motor coordination difficulties or cerebral palsy (CP) at age 7 years. A cohort study based on the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC). The primary outcomes were poor motor coordination, defined ...
Bhide Prajkta - - 2013
Neural tube defects are one of the most prevalent congenital anomalies. Data on the total birth prevalence, live birth and stillbirth prevalence of neural tube defects in India are lacking. The objective of this study is to conduct a systematic review of birth prevalence of neural tube defects in India ...
Knight Sarah J - - 2013
The objective of this study was to characterize the early neurodevelopmental profile of Australian infants with deformational plagiocephaly (DP). Twenty-one infants with a confirmed diagnosis of DP (mean age, 7.9 months; SD, 2.0 months) were assessed on the Bayley Scales of Infant Development, Second Edition, before treatment. As a group, ...
Bsn C Brittany L Thomas - - 2013
The conclusion statements by Coker-Bolt, P., Jarrad, C., Woodard, F., & Merrill, P. (2012). The effects of oral motor stimulation on feeding behaviors of infants born with univentricle anatomy. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 28(1), 64-71. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pedn.2012.03.024 were interesting, but the support for the conclusions was absent because of a ...
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