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Puvabanditsin S S Department of Pediatrics, Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, NJ, - - 2014
Human myiasis is a rare condition. It is more common in tropical regions. Umbilical cord myiasis has not previously been reported from a temperate climate, for example, New Jersey. We report a 9-day-old infant with umbilical cord myiasis. The maggots were identified by the entomologist as the larvae of Sarcophagidae, ...
Fornsaro-Donahue Viviane M VM Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, - - 2014
To assess the cost of infant formula, explore mothers' perceptions of formula cost, and assess whether cost influences the decision to breastfeed. A mixed-methodological descriptive study with survey (phase 1) and interviews (phase 2) was completed in Rhode Island Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) offices. ...
Fang Ting - - 2012
Cronobacter sakazakii is a life-threatening bacterium, infrequently implicated in illnesses associated with the consumption of powdered infant formula (PIF). It can cause rare but invasive infections in neonatal infants who consume contaminated PIF. The objective of this research was to investigate the growth kinetics and develop mathematical models to predict ...
Kraneburg Ursula M - - 2012
Fibrosarcomas are rare malignant soft-tissue tumors occurring mostly in infants younger than 1 year of age. Fibrosarcomas can ulcerate and cause various complications, which could threaten a fetus in utero or a child in the early neonatal period. We report a unique case of congenital infantile fibrosarcoma of the lower ...
Cascini Fidelia - - 2012
  The case reported herein concerns the unexpected death of a 3-month-old female newborn who suddenly collapsed in her mother's arms and was dead on arrival at the hospital. The clinical histories of the baby and her parents were negative for symptoms or signs of illness, even those of cardiovascular ...
McGrath Christine J - - 2012
As prevention of mother-to-child HIV-1 transmission (PMTCT) programs decrease the numbers of HIV-1-infected infants, it remains important to improve growth in HIV-1-exposed, uninfected (EU) infants. To determine the growth rate and predictors of growth faltering in breast-fed and formula-fed EU infants, growth analyses [weight-for-age (WAZ), weight-for-length (WLZ), and length-for-age (LAZ) ...
Wang Yu-Jia - - 2012
Cardiac hemangioma is a rare cause for pericardial effusion. We present a case of hemangioendothelioma of the right atrial appendage associated with pericardial effusion in an infant. The patient was a 49-day-old infant transferred to our department because of the presence of pericardial effusion. Two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography revealed moderate pericardial ...
Sunohara Mari - - 2012
Steatocystoma simplex is a rare benign cutaneous cyst that is thought to be a circumscribed malformation arising from the pilosebaceous duct junction. Reports describing steatocystoma simplex are scarce and many issues remain to be clarified, including frequency and age distribution. Steatocystoma simplex is generally considered to be a solitary, non-inherited ...
López T - - 2012
Spinal anesthesia (SA) in pediatrics began to be used in the late nineteenth century in multiple procedures, with priority for high-risk and former preterm infants, for its suggested protective role compared to the development of postoperative apnea with general anesthesia (GA). In children, higher doses of local anesthetics are required ...
Babinsky Erin E School of Optometry, Indiana University, 800 E. Atwater Avenue, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA. - - 2012
It has been shown that infants over the age of 6 months will reach for an object in complete darkness. This experiment measured the reaching movements of 9- to 16-month-old infants and adults under several different conditions of illumination to investigate the role of vision and stored visual representations in reach ...
Riskin Arieh - - 2012
Introduction:To investigate whether immunologic factors in breast milk change in response to nursing infants' infection.Results:Total CD45 leukocyte count dropped from 5,655 (median and interquartile range: 1,911; 16,871) in the acute phase to 2,122 (672; 6,819) cells/ml milk after recovery with macrophage count decreasing from 1,220 (236; 3,973) to 300 (122; ...
Kim Chang Keun - - 2011
STUDY OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to investigate the possible role of IFN-γ in eosinophil degranulation that occurs during respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) bronchiolitis. METHODS: Sixty-seven infants, 2-24 months old and hospitalized with their first episode of acute RSV bronchiolitis, were selected for this study. Eosinophil-active cytokine and chemokine profiles in ...
Cnattingius S - - 2011
OBJECTIVES:Rates of high birth weight infants, overweight and obese children and adults are increasing. The associations between birth weight and adult weight may have consequences for the obesity epidemic across generations. We examined the association between mothers' birth weight for gestational age and adult body mass index (BMI) and these ...
Weintraub A S - - 2011
Objective:To determine whether an association exists between antenatal antibiotic exposure and incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in low birth weight infants.Study Design:A retrospective case-control study was performed on all infants with a diagnosis of NEC born at our institition between 1988 and 2006. Medical histories of all infants with a ...
Nohr Ellen A - - 2011
Objective. To examine the association between maternal obesity and infant mortality while including information about mode of delivery and interpregnancy weight change. Design. Register-based cohort study. Setting and population: 1 199 183 singletons including 3 481 infant deaths from the Swedish Birth Register 1992-2006. Methods. Maternal body mass index (BMI) ...
Belogolovkin Victoria - - 2011
PURPOSE: To assess the association between bariatric surgery and pregnancy-related outcomes among obese and non-obese women in the state of Florida. METHODS: We conducted a population-based, retrospective cohort analysis using vital records and hospital discharge data in Florida during 2004-2007. Women were categorized based on prior bariatric surgery and pre-pregnancy ...
Wang Tien-Ni - - 2011
We examined the relationship between postural control and fine motor skills of preterm infants at 6 and 12 mo adjusted age. The Alberta Infant Motor Scale was used to measure postural control, and the Peabody Developmental Motor Scales II was used to measure fine motor skills. The data analyzed were ...
Chavula Charity C UNC Project, Lilongwe, Malawi. - - 2012
The Data and Safety Monitoring Board (DSMB) for the Breastfeeding, Antiretrovirals, and Nutrition study, a clinical trial aimed to prevent postnatal HIV transmission, recommended halting randomization to the enhanced standard-of-care (control) arm. The 67 mother-infant pairs on the control arm and less than 21 weeks postpartum at the time of ...
Broadbelt Kevin G KG Department of Pathology, Children's Hospital Boston and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA. - - 2012
Impaired brainstem responses to homeostatic challenges during sleep may result in the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Previously we reported a deficiency of serotonin (5-HT) and its key biosynthetic enzyme, tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH2), in SIDS infants in the medullary 5-HT system that modulates homeostatic responses during sleep. Yet, the underlying ...
Reddy D - - 2011
Choroid plexus papillomas of the third ventricle in newborn infants are quite rare and present a significant surgical challenge. This case report illustrates the utility of endoscopy in facilitating tumor resection.A 6-week-old boy, born prematurely at a gestational age of 35 weeks, presented with hydrocephalus secondary to a choroid plexus ...
Aydemir Ozge - - 2011
BACKGROUND/AIM: Transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN) is a consequence of inadequate neonatal lung fluid clearance. Natriuretic peptides play an important role in the regulation of extracellular fluid volume. The aim of the study was to investigate the relation between plasma N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels and TTN, and ...
Oei Ju Lee - - 2011
ObjectivesTo determine the characteristics of dopamine D2 receptor gene (DRD2) polymorphisms in drug-exposed and unexposed neonates and the relationship to neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS).DesignRetrospective case-control analysis between drug-exposed and unexposed infants between DRD2 polymorphisms, drug exposure and NAS treatment.PatientsDrug-exposed (n=48) and drug-free (n=49) infants born between March 1999 and December ...
Olafsen Kåre S - - 2011
Temperamental regulatory competence and social communication in term and preterm infants at 12 months corrected age was studied in a randomized controlled intervention trial aimed at enhancing maternal sensitive responsiveness. Surviving infants <2000g from a geographically defined area were randomized to an intervention (71) or a control group (69), and ...
Ackery Alun D - - 2011
ObjectivesBicycling is a popular means of transportation that is sometimes associated with injury from collisions. The authors analysed national data for the USA to evaluate bicyclist deaths associated with motor vehicle impacts.MethodsThe authors conducted a population-based case-control analysis of road deaths reported by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. The ...
Brooker Rebecca J - - 2011
Infant social inhibition is associated with increased risk for anxiety later in life. Although both genetic and environmental factors are associated with anxiety, little empirical work has addressed how developing regulatory abilities work with genetic and environmental risk to exacerbate or mitigate problem behaviors. The current study was aimed at ...
Jurek Anne M - - 2011
In a case-control study of infant leukaemia, we assessed agreement between medical records and mother's self-reported pregnancy-related conditions and procedures and infant treatments. Interview and medical record data were available for 234 case and 215 control mothers. Sensitivity, specificity and predictive values for maternal report were estimated for case and ...
Viswanathan Sreekanth - - 2011
The aim of this study was to determine the incidence, risk factors, and outcome of acute kidney injury (AKI) in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. In a case-control study, medical records of all ELBW infants who were admitted to our Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) between 1 January 2000 ...
Druet Céline C MRC Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Science, Cambridge, - - 2012
To assess the predictive ability of infant weight gain on subsequent obesity we performed a meta-analysis of individual-level data on 47,661 participants from 10 cohort studies from the UK, France, Finland, Sweden, the US and Seychelles. For each individual, weight SD scores at birth and age 1 year were calculated ...
Baumgardt Melanie - - 2011
Aim:  To assess health related quality of life of young adults born very preterm compared with a term control group. Methods:  A cohort of preterm infants <1250 g and a term control group, both born between 1983-1985, were surveyed as adults at the median age of 23 years. Questionnaires including ...
Pichler-Stachl Elisabeth - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to compare the beliefs of mothers of term infants with the beliefs of mothers of preterm infants in regards to their locus of control mainly influencing their personal health and well-being. Mother's beliefs regarding the level of internal (self), social external (other individuals) ...
Arteche Adriane - - 2011
Postnatally depressed mothers have difficulties responding appropriately to their infants. The quality of the mother-child relationship depends on a mother's ability to respond to her infant's cues, which are largely non-verbal. Therefore, it is likely that difficulties in a mother's appraisal of her infants' facial expressions will affect the quality ...
Cossey Veerle - - 2011
With the increasing use of human milk and growing evidence of the benefits of mother's milk for preterm and ill newborns, guidelines to ensure its quality and safety are an important part of daily practice in neonatal intensive care units. Operating procedures based on hazard analysis and critical control points ...
Petrova Anna - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the contributory effect of tocolytic magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) exposure to intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) in preterm infants born at 23-31 wks gestation to mothers without evidence of pregnancy induced hypertension and/or preeclampsia. METHODS: Cases with IVH and controls without IVH were selected from a population-based cohort of preterm infants ...
Ramagopalan Sreeram V - - 2011
The precise aetiology of multiple sclerosis (MS) is yet to be conclusively determined, but both genes and environment and interactions thereof are important. It has been suggested that early life child exposure influences MS susceptibility. Here, in a population-based cohort, we investigated whether infant day care attendance influences the subsequent ...
Gress-Smith Jenna L - - 2011
This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of maternal depressive symptoms at 5 and 9 months postpartum in a low-income and predominantly Hispanic sample, and evaluate the impact on infant weight gain, physical health, and sleep at 9 months. Participants included 132 low-income mother-infant pairs who participated in a larger investigation on ...
Deffeyes Joan E - - 2011
Sitting is one of the first developmental milestones that an infant achieves. Thus measurements of sitting posture present an opportunity to assess sensorimotor development at a young age. Sitting postural sway data were collected using a force plate, and the data were used to train a neural network controller of ...
Mannem Satheesh - - 2011
The relationship between periodontal diseases in pregnancy and children born prematurely or with low birth weight has been increasingly investigated, showing positive and negative results, respectively. To evaluate the association between Maternal Periodontitis and Preterm delivery or Low Birth Weight. In this case-control study, 104 pregnant women without systemic disease ...
Parade Stephanie H - - 2011
Links between marital aggression and infant orienting toward mother in fearful and frustrating contexts were examined in 92 mother-infant dyads when infants were six months. Results demonstrated that marital aggression was linked with less orienting toward mothers in frustrating situations, in fearful situations marital aggression was linked with less orienting ...
Isomura Haruhiko - - 2011
Background: Type and volume of infant feeding determines infant growth, hematological parameters, and serum lipids. Methods: Study subjects were 103 infants, who were born vaginally at term with birthweight over 2200g. Milk feeding amount, type, and anthropometry was measured at one and six months. Hematological tests and serum lipid profile ...
Romeo Domenico M - - 2011
Aim  The aim of this study was to assess the onset of forward parachute reaction (FPR) in infants with brain lesions and its correlation with age of walking. Method  FPR was assessed at 6, 9, and 12 months in 140 infants with brain lesions (78 males, 62 females; mean gestational age ...
Krasemann Thomas - - 2011
In neonates and infants with a shunt-dependent pulmonary circulation, stenosis of the shunt needs to be treated aggressively to prevent a fatal outcome. We report the technique and outcome in seven consecutive neonates and infants with Blalock-Taussig shunt stenosis, who were treated with intraluminal stents. Stenting of classical or modified ...
Conboy Barbara T BT Institute for Learning & Brain Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195-7988, USA. - - 2011
Language experience 'narrows' speech perception by the end of infants' first year, reducing discrimination of non-native phoneme contrasts while improving native-contrast discrimination. Previous research showed that declines in non-native discrimination were reversed by second-language experience provided at 9-10 months, but it is not known whether second-language experience affects first-language speech ...
Hicks Penni D - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of early bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) on calcium (Ca) metabolism and growth in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. STUDY DESIGN: A dual-tracer, stable isotope method was used to assess Ca absorption in VLBW infants. Infants with early BPD received energy-dense feedings and mild fluid restriction. ...
Mehrotra Shruti - - 2011
Carbon monoxide toxicity in infants and children, like adults, produce nonspecific symptoms with normal vital signs necessitating the serum measurement of carboxyhemoglobin (COHb). In infants, the COHb may be falsely elevated. Our goal was to report a case of suspected carbon monoxide toxicity in an infant and the likely cause ...
Wells Ellen M - - 2011
Umbilical cord blood or serum concentrations of mercury, lead, selenium and copper were measured with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry in a population of 300 infants born in Baltimore, Maryland. Geometric mean values were 1.37 μg/L (95% confidence interval: 1.27, 1.48) for mercury; 0.66 μg/dL (95% CI: 0.61, 0.71) for ...
Lundvall Anna - - 2011
To study the tolerability of the ICare rebound tonometer (RBT) and to establish reference values of the intraocular pressure (IOP) in healthy infants. Forty-six children were recruited. In 6 infants aged 3 to 18 months, it was not possible to conduct the examination. Five children refused all cooperation. In 1 ...
Hattori Satoshi - - 2011
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the most important virus associated with bronchiolitis in infants and young children. The regulated upon activation, normal T-cell expressed and secreted protein (RANTES, also known as CCL5) appears to be a key player in the etiology of RSV-infected airway inflammation. In this study, we genotyped ...
Patel Archana Behram - - 2011
In a hospital-based cross-sectional study of 200 infants age 4-9 months in an Indian city (Nagpur), the authors determined the prevalence of elevated blood lead level (EBLL) and mean blood lead levels with respect to feeding patterns, i.e., breastfed or fed with formula or dairy milk. The blood lead levels ...
Marengo Lisa - - 2011
Birth Defects Registries do not have access to income data and low household income is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes of stillbirth, preterm birth, and birth defects. We compared 1999 income data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study (NBDPS) with 2000 Census block group income data for the residence ...
Dalla-Zuanna Gianpiero - - 2011
This article employs novel documentation to examine ways in which the Church's moral rules on contraception were (or were not) communicated to parishioners in a predominantly Catholic context in a period of rapid fertility decline: the diocese of Padua, in the northeastern Italian region of Veneto, during the first half ...
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