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Results 301 - 349 of 349
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Hastreiter A R - - 1983
The concentration of digoxin in tissues and the content of the drug in various organs are reported in 36 infants and children. Sixteen received the drug on a short-term basis and 20 on a long-term basis. The drug was given intravenously to 12, orally to 17, and by intramuscular injection ...
Hymes L C - - 1983
Five children with high-renin hypertension unresponsive to conventional medications were effectively treated with the angiotensin I-converting enzyme inhibitor, captopril, for six to 26 months. Age groups included children 6 to 13 years old and a 33-week gestation preterm infant with hypertension related to umbilical artery catheterization. Significant adverse reactions were ...
Pedley T A - - 1983
Because nonepileptic disorders may cause episodic and paroxysmal symptoms that resemble epilepsy, these conditions and syndromes must be considered in the differential diagnosis or when antiepileptic drugs are ineffective. Gastroesophageal reflux usually presents as recurrent vomiting in infants and young children. A small subgroup of infants develop apnea and cyanosis ...
Kuttner R E - - 1983
The modern concept of instinct maintains that certain physical signs or events trigger the release of appropriate behavioural responses. According to Konrad Lorenz and other ethological theorists, the features and proportions of the infant body and face convey a sense of cuteness which releases a protective human instinct. Members of ...
Honig P J - - 1982
The great toenails of 302 newborn infants were evaluated to identify a specific conformation which might predispose these children to chronic paronychia. Forty-one infants who appeared to have great toenails impeded by tissue distally were followed for 12 months. All had essentially normal appearing nails by six months of age. ...
Huntley C C - - 1982
A histochemical staining technique for detection of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in rectal suction biopsies was compared with the presence or absence of ganglion cells in full-thickness or suction biopsies for the diagnosis of Hirschsprung disease (HD) in infants and children. Biopsies from 55 of 58 children were adequate for both the ...
Seashore J H - - 1982
Serial blood ammonia (NH3) determinations in 19 low birth weight (LBW) infants, 14 term neonates and 12 children receiving total parenteral nutrition (TPN) have shown that 73% of patients had one or more elevated NH3 values (greater than 150 micrograms/dl). The mean blood NH3 was 220 +/- 13 micrograms/dl in ...
Mårdh P A - - 1982
Presence of cytopathogenic effect (CPE) that could be inhibited by an antitoxin to Clostridium sordelli, known to cross-react with Clostridium difficile toxin, was sought in faecal specimens from 101 infants. Of the children, 45 were healthy, while 56 had been hospitalized because of diarrhoea. CPE was found in 12 of ...
Huttunen M O - - 1982
The temperament of 1855 children born in Helsinki during 1975-76 was recorded at the age of 6-8 months by parental questionnaires. In 1980-81 the continuity of temperamental dimensions was studied in a group of these children by using a temperament questionnaire for 3--7-year-old children. In addition, the clinical usefulness of ...
Shibagaki M - - 1982
In neonates and infants, sleep-wake parameters indicate characteristic ontogenetic features. Sleep spindle activity also changes with maturation in terms of frequency, amplitude, and amount. For this reason, spindles are one of the useful indices of cerebral function in infants. The literature on the development of spindles in normal and mentally ...
Gauderer M W - - 1981
Although transverse abdominal incisions (TAI) are valued for their excellent exposure in the newborn, infant, and child, measurements to support this clinical impression have been lacking. The abdomens of 80 infants and children and 11 premature infants were measured and evaluated and correlated with growth. It was demonstrated that the ...
Rosenberg H S - - 1981
Infants with a fibromatosis that originates in the laryngeal mucosa have uniform clinical appearances and morphologic features that identify a clinicopathologic syndrome. Based on data obtained from the two cases in the present study and from previously reported cases, the lesion may appear at birth or appear later in childhood, ...
Eriksson M - - 1981
The oral absorption of comparable doses of mixtures of ampicillin, amoxycillin and pivampicillin was studied in 38 children from 6 months to 6 years of age. Plasma concentrations following pivampicillin and amoxycillin were higher than those following the administration of ampicillin. No significant difference was found between amoxycillin and pivampicillin. ...
Vanderhoof J A - - 1981
A steerable small bowel biopsy apparatus was evaluated in 56 infants and children over a 15-mo period. A mean time of only 6 min was required to obtain small bowel biopsies. Biopsies were successfully obtained in 92% of patients on the first attempt; repeat attempts were successful in all cases. ...
Cook D R - - 1981
In the first 2 years of life there is physical and biochemical maturation of the neuromuscular junction of man. With this maturation there is an increase in the neuromuscular reserve (margin of safety) of the infant and a change in the contractile properties of skeletal muscle. On a weight basis ...
Eriksson M - - 1981
The absorption of erythromycin in infants and children was estimated after the administration of an erythromycin suspension. The subjects were divided into 3 age groups: 0-1 month, 1-6 months and 6 months-6 years. The absorption was lower in infants less than 1 month of age than in the older children. ...
Ratcliffe J F - - 1980
The dose of intravenous glucagon which will produce a predictable, short and useful period of gastro-intestinal atony during double contrast barium examinations in infants and children has been established. A dose of 0.5-1.0 micrograms/kg body weight will produce an atonic period of three to five minutes which is satisfactory for ...
Fulton A B - - 1980
We studied groups of normal infants and infants with amblyopia and esoropia to determine the incidence of infantile astigmatism. Under cycloplegia, 19% of normal infants had astigmatism; this was at least twice the incidence in adults, but less than one-hale that found by noncycloplegic refractions of infants. During the first ...
Haugh S S - - 1980
This study was designed to examine the effects of gender labeling on young children by determining the extent to which the qualities they attribute to an infant depend on whether that infant is identified as a girl or as a boy. 20 boys and 20 girls from each of 3- ...
Massi-Benedetti F - - 1980
Blood glucose, plasma insulin and plasma glucagon were determined during an arginine test at 0, 30 and 60 min in 1 to 7 and 30 day infants. The results were compared with those obtained in the 2-10-year-old children. Basal levels of blood glucose increased from the 1st to the 30th ...
Goudsouzian N G - - 1980
Twitch tension, train-of-four and tetanus--clinical parameters of neuromuscular transmission--were studied in 37 infants and children anaesthetized with halothane. The contraction time was slower in infants less than 1 month old when compared with their elder counterparts. This may indicate a possible transformation from slow to faster muscle types. The train-of-four ...
Ettlinger R E - - 1979
The clinical and pathologic findings of 2 infants and 7 older children with polyarteritis nodosa who were autopsied are reported. The most frequent clinical features included prolonged high fever, skin rash, abdominal symptoms, leukocytosis, proteinuria, and signs of either cardiac or renal failure. The 2 infants died of cardiac arrest, ...
Miller T - - 1979
The most common nontraumatic acute surgical lesions of the infant abdomen are considered. These abdominal lesions are divided into those which do and do not cause bowel obstruction. Lesions causing bowel obstruction are almost always identified as being surgical and are usually appropriately treated. Most common in this group are ...
Mendez J A - - 1979
A study has been carried out on the width of the seminiferous tubules, and the proportion of pre-germinal cells, in 174 stillborn children between 24 and 40 weeks of gestation, and in 146 children dying between the ages of birth and six years. There was a general diminution in the ...
Andersen G E - - 1979
Early infant feeding habits, current dietary intake and serum lipids were investigated in 31 infants, age 6--10 months and 64 children, age 3--4 years. In the infants there was a correlation between serum lipid levels and the amount of saturated fat and the P/S ratio of the diet. No such ...
de Belle R C - - 1979
The intestinal absorption of sodium taurocholate was studied in fetuses, neonates, infants, children, and adults. Absorption rates were measured in vitro in everted rings of jejunum and ileum. Mucosal accumulation of 3H-taurocholate against a concentration gradient was consistently demonstrated in rings of ileum from adults, children, and infants older than ...
Gauderer M - - 1978
Islet cell adenomas are an important consideration in infants and children with hypoglycemia due to hyperinsulinism. Between 1965 and 1977, 32 patients with hyperinsulinism were seen at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. Sixteen of these patients underwent surgery. Eight patients had single pancreatic adenomas, 5 of whom were infants under ...
Mohindra I - - 1978
Compared with children of school age, infants show ten times the incidence and considerably greater amounts of clinically significant astigmatism. The amount begins to decrease in the second semester of life, and the incidence declines during the third year. The unanticipated results bear on both the etiology and the neural ...
Walker S H - - 1978
In infants less than 3 months of age, the serum concentration of cefamandole during therapy was higher and more prolonged than that in children older than 1 year. A dosage of 37 mg/kg administered intravenously at 6-h intervals provided a serum concentration in excess of the minimum inhibitory concentrations of ...
Kleinman P K - - 1978
It is classically taught that mediastinal air enters the abdomen posteriorly by dissection along vascular sheaths. Present studies in infants, children, and young adults demonstrate dissection of extrapleural air to the subdiaphragmatic extraperitoneal space between the sternocostal origins of the diaphragm. The presence of extrapleural air above and extraperitoneal air ...
Nelson J D - - 1978
Ticarcillin was evaluated in 82 neonates and young infants with suspected sepsis and in 16 older children with chronic Pseudomonas infection of the mastoids. The infants also received kanamycin. Individual ticarcillin doses of 75 or 100 mg/kg were given every four, six, or eight hours by intramuscular injection or by ...
El-Shobaki F A - - 1978
Amino acids and proteins in whole saliva of normal and malnourished Egyptian infants and young children were investigated. 16 amino acids, 7 of them are essential, could be detected in saliva of normal infants. Electrophoretic analysis revealed the existence of 10 protein components in saliva of either normal or malnourished ...
Harwood-Nash D C - - 1978
The development of paediatric neuroradiology is a specific persuasion within neuroradiology and has increased in scope and significance throughout the last ten years. The emergence of computed tomography has altered the indications for types of neuroradiological procedures in infants and children. The sophistication, accuracy, and safety of standard neuroradiological procedures ...
Saris W H - - 1977
The validity of the pedometer and actometer for estimating the daily physical activity was evaluated by means of an observation study. The physical activity in a classroom of 11 pupils of a kindergarten was assessed by means of a pedometer, actometer and by observation. Besides this an activity questionnaire was ...
Brem A S - - 1977
A seven-week-old infant presented with tonic posturing and nervous irritability after concentrated tea ingestion. The tea was analyzed and found to contain caffeine, a methylxanthine central nervous system stimulant. With the aid of a computer, projected blood levels were calculated over a thirty-hour time period and comared to the infant's ...
Greenwood H - - 1977
The sensitivity of two established routine digoxin radioimmunoassay methods has been increased to enable the provision of a rapid and relatively atraumatic inpatient and outpatient service for neonates and small children, using capillary blood samples obtained by heel-prick. The methods employ 125I- or 3H-labelled digoxin, a rabbit antiserum raised against ...
Mohindra I - - 1977
An objective, near-retinoscopy technique for assessing non-cyloplegic refractions in infants and young children is presented. The technique involves performing retinoscopy at near in an otherwise dark room, as the patient fixates the retinoscope light with one eye, while the other is occluded. Data are presented which support the reliability and ...
Moosa A - - 1976
The ulnar and posterior tibial conduction velocities were measured in 29 children with spinal muscular atrophy, 14 of whom had the servere form of the disease. The ulnar nerve velocity was slow in 12 of the 14 severely affected infants, but normal or fast in 11 of 14 children less ...
Cywes S - - 1976
During a 2-year period 176 stoma operations were performed at the Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, for various conditions. About 50% were performed on neonates and a further 30% on infants under 1 year of age. The majority of stoma operations in this age group are performed as emergencies ...
Kim P W - - 1975
The concentrations of digoxin in tissues of premature infants, full-term infants and older children obtained at autopsy were determined by a radioimmunoassay procedure. Infants were found to have much higher concentrations in the right and left ventricle (about 190 ng/g) than older children (about 70 ng/g) and adults as reported ...
James J I - - 1975
This is a study of children who first attended as infants with either progressive infantile idiopathic scoliosis or congenital scoliosis. All had a pattern of scoliosis in which early and damaging deterioration is inevitable. The infants were treated from before the age of three, initially by plaster casts and then ...
Curless R G - - 1975
The results of needle biopsies of muscle in 14 infants (age-range four months to 3 years 3 months) with marked hypotonia are presented. In adults, needle biopsies of muscle have been used to aid in the diagnosis of neuromuscular disorders, with considerable success. The simplicity of the method and the ...
Awwaad S - - 1975
Percutaneous renal biopsy was done in 15 infants and children with third degree marasmus and in five normal controls. All the cases were free from infection. Histopathological changes as shown in sections stained with hematoxylin and cosin include patchy areas of colloid degeneration and thickening of the walls of some ...
De Vizia B - - 1975
The digestibility of various starches has been studied in normal infants of different ages. During balance periods of 3 days, while the infants were receiving known dietary quantities of the starch to be tested, the fecal content of lactic acid, glucose, dextrins, and starch was measured. After the first year ...
Campbell A G - - 1974
Obtaining informed consent for non-therapeutic experimentation on infants and children has ethical and legal implications that cause great controversy. There is some danger that worthy research will be inhibited if current ethical codes are interpreted too strictly, yet infants, children, and other vulnerable groups clearly must be protected from exploitation ...
Lyons E A - - 1972
A technique has been developed for the ultrasonic investigation of renal disease in infants using a specially designed water-bath with a conventional ultrasonic scanner. This permits ultrasonic studies of the renal tract from the neonatal period onwards; the procedure does not distress the child and the water acts as an ...
Glass D V - - 1966
Abstract Neo-Malthusian organisations for spreading birth control propaganda were created in many West European countries in the 1870s and '80s. But the birth control movement proper, with its provision of clinics and other means of supplying advice on contraception, began much later-generally after World War I and largely on a ...
MACFARLANE J W - - 1953
The author was asked by the World Health Organization to examine whether appraisals of intelligence of infants and young children show enough predictive validity to be dependable criteria on which to base adoption policy. Studies have shown that mental-test performances by children under 6 years of age have little predictive ...
prepared and published under the direction of the Board of Health of the city of Boston.
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