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Matsuda H - - 1989
A chemically stable prostacyclin analogue (PGI2-A, carbacyclin, OP-41483) was evaluated as an adjunct to potassium cardioplegia in infants (n = 13) and children (n = 32), in whom the current potassium cardioplegia may be limited in its effects. PGI2-A was added in a dose of 300 micrograms/L to the potassium ...
Israel D M - - 1989
We report a 10-month-old infant who had arthritis as the initial clinical manifestation of ulcerative colitis. Arthritis is considered to be the most common extraintestinal manifestation of IBD in adults and children. This case emphasizes that arthritis may be the earliest manifestation of IBD even in the very young infant.
Flynn B - - 1989
Myocardial perfusion scintigraphy was performed with both 201Tl and a new six coordinate monocationic isonitrile complex of 99mTc, [99mTc]2-methoxyisobutylisonitrile (MIBI), on 11 infants who had undergone the arterial switch procedure for transposition of the great arteries. Unlike 201Tl which can show rapid and variable rates of washout from myocardium, 73% ...
Jangid R K - - 1989
A comparison with respect to the season of birth in 380 schizophrenic patients with 685 control subjects revealed an excess of winter births in the former by 6.1%.
Meakin G - - 1989
Single dose-response curves were determined for suxamethonium in neonates, infants and children during thiopentone-fentanyl-nitrous oxide anaesthesia. During onset of neuromuscular block, suxamethonium produced an increase in muscle tone which was greatest in neonates and infants. The dose-response curves for the three groups were parallel. The effective doses producing 90% depression ...
Misra U K - - 1989
F-response has been found to be useful in the evaluation of peripheral nerve conduction in adults and may be especially useful in paediatric nerve conduction studies. In newborns, the nerve conduction velocity is very slow compared to adults because of immaturity of myelination. To assess the effect of age on ...
Cripps A W - - 1989
Saliva was collected from 57 infants aged 6 weeks to 2.5 years and the molecular form of IgA was studied by centrifugation on sucrose density gradients. Two distinct populations were identified. Seventy-two per cent of the children had secretory IgA in their salivary secretions, while 28% had a molecular form ...
Hanash S M - - 1989
We analyzed the polypeptide pattern of leukemic cells of infants and older children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), using two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE). Patterns were analyzed for the occurrence of a previously detected cytosolic polypeptide, designated L3. Quantitative analysis of L3 in 12 infants and 91 older children with ...
Hornstein L - - 1989
Although the association of strokes and von Recklinghausen neurofibromatosis (NF-1) in young children is uncommon, it is obviously an important complication of this disorder. The few cases that have been described were reported primarily in the radiological literature. Moreover, most of the children reported were already known to have NF-1 ...
Bhatt-Mehta V - - 1989
Dopamine hydrochloride is widely used to increase blood pressure, cardiac output, urine output, and peripheral perfusion in neonates, infants, and older children with shock and cardiac failure. Its pharmacologic effects are dose dependent, and at low, intermediate, and high dosages include dilation of renal, mesenteric, and cerebral vasculature; inotropic response ...
Kalli I - - 1989
The duration of effects of vecuronium has previously been studied in paediatric patients only during inhalation anaesthesia. We therefore studied the age-related differences in duration of action after administration of 0.1 mg kg-1 of vecuronium in 66% N2O in O2, fentanyl anaesthesia without inhalation agents. Forty-nine children (2 wk-14 yr, ...
Davis P J - - 1989
Because developmental pharmacokinetics appear to be closely associated with anatomic and physiologic changes that occur with growth, we were interested in determining the disposition and elimination of alfentanil in premature infants and older children. The pharmacokinetic profile of alfentanil was determined in 6 premature infants requiring sedation for medical management ...
Upton J J Children's Hospital, Department of Surgery, Boston, Mass. - - 1989
A simple, readily available blood pressure cuff designed specifically for neonates, infants, and small children is recommended for use in hand surgery as a tourniquet. Most institutions that have pediatric medicine or surgical departments have these as stock, and thus the problem of illfitting standard cuffs can be avoided where ...
Nelson J D - - 1988
Two dosages (7.5 and 15 mg/kg of body weight) of LY163892 were given to infants and children, and five plasma specimens were collected for antibiotic assay during the ensuing 4 h. Peak concentrations of 12.6 and 18.7 micrograms/ml occurred at 45 min. The mean half-lives were 0.85 and 0.78 h, ...
Zohar S - - 1988
Although a common enough condition in the general population, quinsy is rare in children and even rarer in infants. In most cases the diagnosis is easy on the basis of the suggestive clinical picture. A case is presented of a peritonsillar abscess in a 7-month-old baby. Here, the diagnosis was ...
Barden H S - - 1988
Bone mineral mass and density can be measured noninvasively by various absorptiometric procedures. Two methods, dual-photon absorptiometry (DPA) and quantitative computed tomography, have widespread application in adults but only limited use in children. One method, single-photon absorptiometry (SPA), has been used extensively in adults and children and has been modified ...
Meakin G - - 1988
The potency of atracurium was determined in neonates, infants and children during thiopentone-fentanyl-nitrous oxide in oxygen anaesthesia using single dose-response curves. The effective doses producing 50% depression of the first twitch of the train-of-four were significantly lower in neonates and infants than in children (82 and 112 v. 135 micrograms ...
Baruchin A M AM Barzilai Medical Centre, Ashkelon, - - 1988
This report describes the rarely recognized, but probably quite common, cold panniculitis, which occurs predominantly in infants, as red indurated plaques or nodules on the face, following exposure to severe cold.
- - 1988
This Resolution sets forth rules on the entrance into and residence of children in infant centers in Cuba. It establishes in each community containing an infant center an Infant Center Entrance Commission, which is to examine registers of the centers and available places and authorize entry in conjunction with the ...
Giusti R J - - 1987
Continuous arteriovenous hemofiltration (CAVH) has been used infrequently in the treatment of infants and children with acute renal failure. In this report we describe the use of CAVH in a critically ill neonate who was unable to be managed with either peritoneal dialysis or hemodialysis. The procedure was safe and ...
Widström A M - - 1987
Gastric emptying of newborn infants is a procedure performed to prevent aspiration of gastric contents. The present investigation was conducted to study the effects of gastric suction on circulatory and behavioural parameters in 21 healthy newborn children (11 cases, 10 controls). A small elevation in mean arterial blood pressure was ...
Rolland-Cachera M F - - 1987
The development of adiposity was followed in 164 subjects from the age of one month to adulthood. The 25th and 75th centiles of the weight/height2 (W/H2) index were chosen as cut-off points to define the lean, medium and fat subjects at both one and 21 years of age. Only 42% ...
Rascher W - - 1987
Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) was measured in the plasma of 192 normal infants and children aged 1 day to 18 years. Plasma ANP was high during postnatal adaptation, particularly in premature infants. In 96 infants and children aged 4 months to 18 years, plasma ANP was similar to values obtained ...
Benjamin B - - 1986
In infants and children, pathology in the posterior glottis is usually congenital or acquired due to endotracheal intubation. Diagnostic errors and omissions are less likely to occur with an anaesthetic technique where no endotracheal tube is used, where the posterior commissure and arytenoids are deliberately separated by a laryngoscope and ...
Taxman T L - - 1986
We studied the usefulness of the barium enema to rule out Hirschsprung's disease (congenital megacolon) in the evaluation of infants with constipation. Results from barium enemas in 58 constipated infants and children who underwent rectal suction biopsies to rule out aganglionosis were evaluated in retrospect for the presence of a ...
Lean M E - - 1986
A solid-phase radioimmunoassay is described for the estimation of the uncoupling protein content of human brown adipose tissue mitochondria, as an index of thermogenic capacity. The concentration of inner mitochondrial membrane uncoupling protein was measured in brown adipose tissue samples from 48 individuals who died suddenly. The uncoupling protein content ...
Dunnigan A - - 1986
Observations of spontaneous onset of paroxysmal atrial tachycardia (PAT) in infants and children have been infrequently reported. This study reports on modes of spontaneous onset of PAT in 22 infants and 8 children in whom onset of PAT was recorded during continuous electrocardiographic recording. During PAT, all 30 patients used ...
Northrop C - - 1986
Amniotic fluid cellular content (AFCC), especially keratinized, non-nucleated squamous epithelial cells and lanugo hair, have been detected in the fetal and neonatal ear. We wished to evaluate the incidence, amount and histological findings of AFCC in the neonatal and early infant period. Temporal bones (n = 63) from children aged ...
Attico N B - - 1986
Automobile safety restraints were introduced into the United States over 20 years ago but continue to be utilized by a minimum number of automobile passengers. Universal usage could reduce highway crash fatalities by an estimated 9,000-15,000 lives per year. Although women generally utilize automobile safety restraints more than do men, ...
Geddis D C - - 1986
The method of operation of a pilot car seat rental scheme is described. It is unique in that there are sufficient seats to accommodate every newborn infant in the city. Both infant and child seats are available. The pattern of use since the establishment of the scheme in December 1981 ...
Day S H - - 1986
Refractive errors were determined photographically in a group of infants and children and were compared to conventional cycloplegic retinoscopy. The refractor consisted of a mirror telephoto lens and strobe flash designed to mimic the action of a retinoscope. Significant amblyogenic conditions such as anisometropia and high isoametropia were detectable. Strabismus ...
Buster J E - - 1985
Ovum transfer (OT) is a new treatment for infertile women that has now resulted in the birth of two healthy children to families that were otherwise destined to remain childless. The OT process is simple in concept and technique and should prove to be highly efficient when introduced on a ...
Kleinhaus S - - 1985
Between January of 1981 and June of 1984, 53 infants and children with the diagnosis of AIDS were seen at our institution. Twenty-one of these patients have required 35 operations to determine or administer the proper therapy. We have taken every precaution to minimize the risks of exposure of all ...
Varghese M - - 1985
The pharmacokinetics of cefoperazone were evaluated in 25 infants (mean age, 26 days) after intramuscular and intravenous routes of administration. The levels in blood that were achieved were severalfold higher than those required to inhibit common pathogens. The mean half-life of 240 min was one-half of that observed in 1- ...
Hofmann-von Kap-herr S - - 1985
A new operative procedure for improving continence is presented. It is used in patients with intermediate and high types of anorectal anomalies. A smooth muscle fold-over half-cylinder double plasty (SMFD-Plasty) is performed in infants immediately following the pull-through which must be done exactly through the puborectal sling. Results in six ...
Heath A L - - 1985
The Lester Martin modification of the Duhamel procedure is an accepted definitive operation for long-segment Hirschsprung's disease, in which considerable use is made of aganglionic bowel. Whether the aganglionic segment contributes to fluid and electrolyte reabsorption is not known. We have modified the technique of nonequilibrium dialysis of the rectum ...
Bratkowska W - - 1985
Results of chromosomal studies done on 3665 newborn children from central Poland have been described. As against a global incidence of 1:1022 for trisomy G and 1:1308 for the balanced translocation D/D in infants, the respective figures for the Polish infants were, 1:610 and 1:1221. Likewise, against the global incidence ...
Howland H C - - 1985
We have measured corneal and total astigmatism on 161 eyes of 90 normal infants and young children aged 2 months to 5 years using the techniques of photorefraction and photokeratometry. Both the mean corneal and mean total astigmatism were found to decrease with increasing age. We found large and significant ...
Guiney E J - - 1984
The management policy at Our Lady's Hospital for Sick Children, Crumlin, for newborn spina bifida infants consists of immediate operation for those considered likely to benefit and full nursery care for those who do not have early surgery. In the eleven years since this policy was first implemented, there have ...
Ojofeitimi E O - - 1984
One hundred and fourteen preschool school children and their 30 mothers from three selected villages in Ile-Ife, Nigeria were assessed for nutritional status using selected and sensitive anthropometric techniques. The mothers' dietary patterns, their perceptions as to components of a good quality of life, infants' immunization status and major cause ...
Muller M - - 1984
Aboriginal infants at Cherbourg Aboriginal Settlement in Queensland now have growth rates which are similar to those of white Australian infants. The proportion of children under 90% of the standard weight-for-age appears to be the same as for white Australian children and meets the international standards. Apart from premature infants, ...
Adeyemo A O - - 1984
Of 298 infants and children with empyema thoracis seen, 62 percent were under 2 years of age. The majority of the cases had underlying pulmonary infection, and Staphylococcus aureus was dominant among the organisms isolated. The diagnosis was made in all cases on the basis of chest x-ray films and ...
Jaffe R B - - 1984
The ingestion of small, flat disc batteries by infants and children may be life threatening if the battery leaks or disintegrates resulting in perforation of the gastrointestinal tract. The fluoroscopic removal of six ingested batteries from the stomach using an orogastric tube and magnet and a Foley catheter is described.
Howland H C - - 1984
We have photorefracted 312 infants and young children in Tompkins county in New York state and characterized the magnitude and axes of their astigmatisms. The population was solicited by letter from birth announcements or photographed at nursery schools, and was composed of children free of ocular problems. As had been ...
Hastreiter A R - - 1984
Therapeutic tissue concentrations of digoxin have been reported for relatively small numbers of infants and children. In forensic medicine, knowledge of these concentration ranges is important for confirming or excluding digoxin overdosage in different age groups. In addition to age and weight, other factors such as dosage, duration of treatment, ...
Salimonu L S - - 1983
Natural killer (NK) cell activity and responsiveness to interferon (IFN) were measured in the peripheral blood of infants having kwashiorkor or marasmus and of nutritionally recovered malnourished children. Depression of NK activity in the peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) of the malnourished children was noted, while normal levels of activity were ...
Schwartz R H - - 1983
We evaluated the consistency and appearance of aural cerumen and the degree to which such cerumen obscured the view of the eardrum in 279 children with unilateral acute otitis media with effusion (AOME). Mechanical removal of cerumen was necessary overall in 29% of the patients. Cerumen removal was inversely proportional ...
Hastreiter A R - - 1983
The concentration of digoxin in tissues and the content of the drug in various organs are reported in 36 infants and children. Sixteen received the drug on a short-term basis and 20 on a long-term basis. The drug was given intravenously to 12, orally to 17, and by intramuscular injection ...
Hymes L C - - 1983
Five children with high-renin hypertension unresponsive to conventional medications were effectively treated with the angiotensin I-converting enzyme inhibitor, captopril, for six to 26 months. Age groups included children 6 to 13 years old and a 33-week gestation preterm infant with hypertension related to umbilical artery catheterization. Significant adverse reactions were ...
Pedley T A - - 1983
Because nonepileptic disorders may cause episodic and paroxysmal symptoms that resemble epilepsy, these conditions and syndromes must be considered in the differential diagnosis or when antiepileptic drugs are ineffective. Gastroesophageal reflux usually presents as recurrent vomiting in infants and young children. A small subgroup of infants develop apnea and cyanosis ...
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