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Greenspan Stanley I - - 2008
To describe the Interdisciplinary Council on Developmental and Learning Disorders Diagnostic Manual for Infants and Young Children (ICDL-DMIC) created by representatives of the Interdisciplinary Council on Developmental and Learning Disorders. A description of the rationale of the different sections of the ICDL-DMIC dealing with infants and young children, focusing on ...
Bodensteiner John B - - 2008
The pediatric neurologist is regularly asked to evaluate a hypotonic patient. This consultation request usually occurs in 2 different situations; the first is in the newborn period when the neurologist is asked to evaluate the "floppy infant," and the second is in the latter half of the first year of ...
Reese Elaine - - 2008
Māori adults have earlier first memories than adults in any culture studied to date. To test the role of early memory socialization in this advantage, Māori (n= 15) and New Zealand European (or Pakeha, n= 17) mothers told birth stories and stories of shared past events to their children (3-4 ...
Manz Friedrich - - 2007
Water supply is a basic public problem. In modern science, three periods with different approaches to define recommended water intake in adults can be distinguished. Pediatricians agree that hydration in children may be optimal only in breastfed infants. More data are required on the health effects of different hydration states ...
Fiscus Susan A - - 2007
We evaluated an ultrasensitive p24 antigen enzyme immunosorbent assay on 802 plasma specimens from 582 infants and children of 0 to 180 days of age. Overall sensitivity and specificity were 91.7% and 98.5%, respectively. After exclusion of infants of less than 7 days of age, the sensitivity and specificity were ...
Eustace Nicholas - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are commonly used as perioperative analgesics. Many are currently used off label. Diclofenac is currently licensed for use in children over 1 year of age for the treatment of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, while ibuprofen is licensed for use in children weighing over 7 kg. The ...
Meaney Peter A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Age is an important determinant of outcome from adult cardiac arrests but has not been identified previously as an important factor in pediatric cardiac arrests except among premature infants. Chest compressions can result in more effective blood flow during cardiac arrest in an infant than an older child or ...
von Ungern-Sternberg Britta S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Based on age-dependent differences in pulmonary mechanics, the effect of neuromuscular blockade may differ in infants compared with older children. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of neuromuscular blockade and its reversal by positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) on functional residual capacity (FRC) and ventilation distribution ...
Tam J - - 2006
Three hundred and forty-nine breakfast and infant cereal samples were collected at retail level across Canada from 2002 to 2005. They included rice-, soy-, barley-based and mixed-grain infant cereals, corn-, wheat-, rice-based and mixed-grain breakfast cereals, and were analysed for aflatoxins B1, B2, G1 and G2 using a modified AOAC ...
Walsh Catharine M - - 2006
Blastomycosis is an uncommon life-threatening disease caused by the dimorphic fungus Blastomyces dermatitidis. Estimates of the percentage of cases occurring in children range from 2% to 11%, and it is exceedingly rare in individuals less than 1 year of age. We present the case of an otherwise healthy infant with ...
Torrelo Antonio - - 2006
Pyoderma gangrenosum is rare in children and very rare in infants less than 1 year of age. We report Pyoderma gangrenosum in a 6-month-old girl without any associated disorders, which was well controlled with oral prednisone. This entity in infants usually presents with multiple lesions, mainly located on the face, ...
Afzal Atif - - 2006
Psoas abscess in neonates and infants are rare. Primary psoas abscesses are said to be more common in young children. Limping, fever and abdominal pain has been described to be the way psoas abscesses usually present. The authors describe the unusual presentation and successful treatment of a young child with ...
Kaneko Yasuhiko - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Mass screening (MS) of neuroblastoma has been carried out by measuring the urinary catecholamine metabolites in infants at the age of 6 months in Japan. We assessed the incidence of neuroblastoma that may be a target for MS by studying tumor biology. PROCEDURE: FISH on chromosome 1 and MYCN ...
Gartstein Maria A - - 2006
The current study investigated differences in the development of temperament for normally developing infants and infants with Down Syndrome (DS). DS has been described as the most prevalent cause for mental retardation, and its effects on the central nervous system may also influence the development of temperament. Parents of 3 ...
Prasad Kishore Chandra - - 2006
Respiratory obstruction and stridor in infants and children are not uncommon. A rare cause of these life-threatening symptoms is congenital saccular cyst. An accurate diagnosis of saccular cyst can be made by eliciting a good history, by endoscopic visualization of the lesion, and by computed tomography. Endoscopic excision is the ...
Cardonick Elyce - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Occlusion of the omphalomesenteric artery in utero, leading to disruption of the umbilical ring with subsequent herniation of intestines, has been proposed as the mechanism by which gastroschisis occurs. We hypothesized that affected fetuses have a predisposition to arterial or venous thromboembolism. STUDY DESIGN: Thirty-one children born with gastroschisis ...
De Lorijn Fleur - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To compare the diagnostic accuracy of contrast enema (CE), anorectal manometry (ARM), and rectal suction biopsy (RSB) for the detection of Hirschsprung's disease (HD). STUDY DESIGN: Following a prospective protocol, infants suspected of HD underwent all 3 index tests. Children with positive results on 2 or more index tests ...
Peck Angela J - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) cause substantial childhood morbidity. This study characterizes and compares LRTI-associated morbidity among American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) children and the general population of U.S. children. METHODS: Hospitalization and outpatient records with a diagnosis indicating LRTIs were evaluated for children aged younger than 5 ...
Bebbington A - - 2005
Dupuytren's disease of the hand has only been rarely reported in children and is rarer still in infants. We report a case in a six-month-old infant who required surgery when aged ten months. Histology confirmed the diagnosis of Dupuytren's disease.
Ekinci Saniye - - 2004
Infantile fibromatosis is a rare entity in children. Although the cervical region is one of the frequent sites of location for this tumor, the diagnosis may be delayed if it occurs in a usual location for a well-known entity, such as muscular torticollis or fibromatosis colli. The authors present an ...
Brown Steven D - - 2004
BACKGROUND: One of the main factors commonly associated with antibacterial resistance among Streptococcus pneumoniae is the age of the patient. The highest rates of resistance have often been reported among isolates from young children. METHODS: Data from the PROTEKT US (Prospective Resistant Organism Tracking and Epidemiology for the Ketolide Telithromycin ...
Wong Christina T - - 2004
We present an infant with generalized palpable purpura, arthritis and fever, whose findings were atypical for classic childhood Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP). By describing the clinical symptoms and prognostic differences seen in infants versus school age children, we encourage physicians to be aware of infantile HSP in their differential diagnosis when ...
Finkel Julia C - - 2004
Prolonged use of opioids and benzodiazepines for the care of critically ill infants and children can generate physical dependence. We present a case of an 8-mo-old infant with Hunter's syndrome who was maintained on very large doses of fentanyl and midazolam and who could not be weaned from these drugs ...
Byard R W - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the possible role of infant bathtub seats in drowning and near-drowning episodes in infants. METHODS: A review was conducted of the files of the Forensic Science Centre and Child Protection Unit, Women's and Children's Hospital, Adelaide, South Australia, for significant immersion incidents in infants involving bathtub seats ...
Crofton P M - - 2004
AIMS: To evaluate responses of cortisol and growth hormone (GH) to spontaneous hypoglycaemia in infants and children. METHODS: Retrospective review of laboratory and clinical data in paediatric patients investigated for suspected hypoglycaemia over a five year period. Thirty patients (16 aged <3 months) had hypoglycaemia confirmed by laboratory analysis (glucose ...
Sittiwangkul Rekwan - - 2004
Infants with Kawasaki disease (KD) are at increased risk of having coronary artery abnormalities (CAA). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical features of KD in infants and compare these with findings in older children to determine the risk factors for CAA in infants. All children with ...
Long Frederick R - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the airway structure of infants and young children with cystic fibrosis (CF) differs from that of normal children by using high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) imaging. Study design Full-inflation, controlled ventilation HRCT images of the lungs were obtained at four anatomic levels in 34 infants with CF ...
Duff Susan V - - 2004
Learning to reach for and manipulate objects requires considerable neuromotor control and flexibility. Through environmental and object exploration individual neuromotor strategies expand, and prehensile skills improve, as infants and children overcome constraints. Infants and children with prehensile deficits often have difficulty exploring objects and the environment, thus, may not sufficiently ...
Kalayanarooj Siripen - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Dengue infections are endemic in Thailand. Infants are at risk of developing dengue fever (DF) and dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF). Many infants have severe DHF with unusual manifestations and may suffer from complications and even death because of difficulties in early diagnosis and improper management. OBJECTIVE: To study the ...
Hill Jennifer L - - 2003
Effects of high participation in the Infant Health and Development Program (IHDP), an 8-site randomized trial that targeted low-birth-weight (LBW) premature infants (N=1,082), were estimated. Children in the treatment group were offered high-quality center-based care in their 2nd and 3rd years of life (full-day care, 50 weeks per year). High-dosage ...
Werding N - - 2003
Two male infants with partial trisomy 22 resulting from a rearrangement between chromosomes 11/22 and 16/22 were admitted to the Children's Hospital of the University of Leipzig within the space of two months. The characteristic phenotype of the infants is described and compared with the data on liveborn infants with ...
Richter L M - - 2003
Very great advances have occurred in disciplinary and professional knowledge of infant development and its influence on subsequent development. This expertise includes the ways in which early experiences affect the capacity of mature individuals for social adjustment and productive competence, and promising methods of intervention to promote infant mental health ...
Regev Eran - - 2003
Ankylosis of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) can be a result of trauma, degenerative changes and infection or of a space-occupying lesion and, when occurring during early childhood, can result in severe functional disability and facial distortion. Septic arthritis of the TMJ is extremely rare in young infants. We report two ...
Baker Andrew M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: This report describes in detail the occurrence of inflicted commotio cordis (cardiac concussion) in a previously abused 7-week-old. Though inflicted commotio cordis has been reported in three toddlers, this is the first report in a young infant. METHOD: Following documentation of abuse in a living child, the case of ...
Alm Johan S - - 2002
The intestinal flora is considered to have an impact on the development of the immune system. In the anthroposophic lifestyle, a diet comprising vegetables spontaneously fermented by lactobacilli, and a restrictive use of antibiotics, anti-pyretics and vaccinations, is typical. The aim of this study was to assess the gut flora ...
Kim Kyoung-Jin - - 2002
Misdiagnosis is frequent in scabies of infants and children because of a low index of suspicion, secondary eczematous changes, and inappropriate therapy. Topical or systemic corticosteroids may modify the clinical presentation of scabies and that situation is referred to as scabies incognito. We describe a 10-month-old infant with scabies incognito ...
Wang Jingmin - - 2002
Immunization against pertussis was introduced in China in the 1960s. Since the 1970s, no culture-confirmed pertussis cases have been reported in the country. We report six infants with culture-confirmed pertussis, who were initially diagnosed as having other respiratory diseases at Beijing Children's Hospital, Beijing.
Balan Polina - - 2002
It is suspected that the developmental delay in school-aged children diagnosed as infants suffering from plagiocephaly is caused by the modification of the skull form. To detect possible cognitive impairment in these children, we examined auditory ERPs to tones in infant patients. The infants with plagiocephaly exhibited smaller amplitudes of ...
Gewillig Marc - - 2002
A new technique is presented to create percutaneously an unrestrictive and lasting atrial communication in small children. In 2 infants, a stent was deployed in a restrictive atrial communication and first inflated with an 8 mm balloon. The stent was then further expanded up to 10 or 12 mm. The ...
Singla Anupam - - 2002
In a tertiary level hospital in North India, we studied the outcome of infants with nonsuppurative Calmette-Guérin bacillus (BCG) lymphadenitis managed conservatively. Twenty-three infants with nonsuppurative BCG lymphadenitis diagnosed on the basis of clinical presentation, evidence of granulomatous inflammation and demonstration of acid fast bacilli in the aspirated material were ...
Petronius Danny - - 2002
Bullous pemphigoid (BP) usually affects the elderly. The disease is uncommon in children and only a few cases have been described in infants < or =4 months of age. We describe two infants, ages 3 and 4 months, with BP. One infant had a recalcitrant course, and responded only to ...
Olafsdottir E - - 2002
This study investigated faecal calprotectin concentration, a measure of intestinal inflammation, in infants and children with abdominal pain. Faecal calprotectin was measured by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit in spot stool samples in 76 infants with typical infantile colic, 7 infants with transient lactose intolerance and 27 healthy infants. All ...
Nahirny Cathy - - 2002
Progress has been made in reducing the number of infant abductions in the last five years, but there are still some serious problems for security and nursing managers, not the least of which is complacency. The article analyzes statistics on infant kidnapping which have been maintained by the National Center ...
Dancea A B - - 2001
Clinical myocarditis is uncommon in infants and children. The most common pathogen is Coxsackievirus B. The offending agent triggers an immune response, which results in myocardial edema with subsequent impairment of systolic and diastolic function. Newborns and infants are more severely affected because the immature myocardium has limited ways of ...
Alexiou C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The most appropriate management of aortic stenosis (AS) in children remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to determine the outcome following open valvotomy for AS in children. METHODS: Ninety-seven consecutive, unselected, children (mean age 3.2 +/- 3.6 years, 1 day--15 years) underwent an open valvotomy for critical ...
Nowak-Göttl U - - 2001
To evaluate the role of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) and tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) in children with an estimated risk of vascular occlusion reported to range from 7% to 16%, we conducted a prospective study in infants and children with underlying cardiac disease. One hundred and twenty-five children (neonate - ...
Takahashi M - - 2001
We describe the successful management of thoracoscopic thoracic duct ligation in a 2.5-kg compromised infant by using selective lobar-bronchial blockade. The technique reduces the risk of intraprocedural physiologic impairment, allowing the benefits of otherwise minimally invasive thoracoscopic procedures, even when the conditions of children are severely compromised.
Curry J I - - 2001
Erythromycin has been used as an antibiotic for more than four decades, but only in the last 10 years have other therapeutic benefits of this agent been exploited. Animal and human studies have demonstrated a prokinetic effect on the gastrointestinal tract at sub-antimicrobial doses (typically a quarter or less of ...
Kamimura M - - 2001
The presence of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) was investigated histopathologically in every 20th section from 99 vertically cut, celloidin-embedded temporal bone-eustachian tube (ET) specimens. Among specimens from infants and children between 1 month and 7 years of age, MALT was found in 22 of 44 (50%). However, in 26 adults ...
Arana A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Paracetamol (N-acetyl-p-amino-phenol) or acetaminophen has become the most widely used analgesic and antipyretic in children. However, there is a wide discrepancy between the extent to which paracetamol is used and the limited available pharmacological data in small infants. The purpose of this article is to present a review of ...
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