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Patel Archana Behram - - 2011
In a hospital-based cross-sectional study of 200 infants age 4-9 months in an Indian city (Nagpur), the authors determined the prevalence of elevated blood lead level (EBLL) and mean blood lead levels with respect to feeding patterns, i.e., breastfed or fed with formula or dairy milk. The blood lead levels ...
Marengo Lisa - - 2011
Birth Defects Registries do not have access to income data and low household income is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes of stillbirth, preterm birth, and birth defects. We compared 1999 income data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study (NBDPS) with 2000 Census block group income data for the residence ...
Dalla-Zuanna Gianpiero - - 2011
This article employs novel documentation to examine ways in which the Church's moral rules on contraception were (or were not) communicated to parishioners in a predominantly Catholic context in a period of rapid fertility decline: the diocese of Padua, in the northeastern Italian region of Veneto, during the first half ...
Czeizel Andrew E - - 2011
Objective. To check the debated association between phenobarbital treatment during pregnancy and risk for congenital abnormalities (CAs) in their children. Study Design. It is a comparison of phenobarbital treatment in the mothers of cases with CA and matched controls without CAs in the Hungarian Case-Control Surveillance System of Congenital Abnormalities. ...
Musa Jonah - - 2011
Breast milk is a source of optimal nutrition and protection against serious infectious childhood diseases, but carries with it the risk of transmission of the HIV virus to the infant. Therefore, to breast feed or not, remains a dilemma for the HIV positive woman in sub-Saharan Africa. This manuscript critically ...
Wilson Amie - - 2011
To assess the effectiveness of strategies incorporating training and support of traditional birth attendants on the outcomes of perinatal, neonatal, and maternal death in developing countries. Systematic review with meta-analysis. Medline, Embase, the Allied and Complementary Medicine database, British Nursing Index, Cochrane Library, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health ...
Horodynski Mildred A - - 2011
Poor feeding practices during infancy contribute to obesity risk. As infants transition from human milk and/or formula-based diets to solid foods, these practices interfere with infant feeding self-regulation and healthy growth patterns. Compared with other socioeconomic groups, lower-income mothers are more likely to experience difficulty feeding their infants. This may ...
Redsell Sarah A - - 2011
There is a strong rationale for intervening in early childhood to prevent obesity. Over a quarter of infants gain weight more rapidly than desirable during the first six months of life putting them at greater risk of obesity in childhood. However, little is known about UK healthcare professionals' (HCPs) approach ...
Smith Beth A - - 2011
One obstacle to providing early intervention to infants with myelomeningocele (MMC) is the challenge of quantifying impaired neuromotor control of movements early in life. We used the nonlinear analysis tool Approximate Entropy (ApEn) to analyze periodicity and complexity of supine spontaneous lower extremity movements of infants with MMC and typical ...
Mirghani Zein - - 2010
To find out the effect of prenatal exposure to low lead from cosmetics on gestational age, premature rupture of the membrane and birth weight. The study was carried out in the mountainous Aseer region, Southwest of Saudi Arabia where the air is thought to be clean and free of lead ...
Siddiqui M M F - - 2010
Meconium obstruction of prematurity is an entity primarily affecting very low birthweight or extremely low birthweight babies causing low intestinal obstruction. Its presence may at best delay establishment of enteral feeding and compromise nutrition and at worst lead to mechanical obstruction requiring surgery or to intestinal perforation. There are considerable ...
Gruenwald Colleen E - - 2010
We sought to determine whether infants (younger than 1 year old) had similar clinical benefits with individualized anticoagulation management as older children and adult undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Individualized heparin and protamine management in older children and adults undergoing CPB has been associated with improved clinical outcomes. Ninety infants younger ...
Yarali Nese N Department of Hematology, Dr Sami Ulus Children Hospital, Ankara, Turkey. - - 2010
Ankaferd blood stopper (ABS) is a standardized medicinal plant extract that stimulates the formation of an encapsulated protein network that provides focal points for erythrocyte aggregation. It has a therapeutic potential to be used for the management of external hemorrhage. Here, the authors report an infant bleeding from peptic ulcer ...
Pathumwiwatana Pornpen - - 2010
Breastfeeding is especially important for infants with cleft lip and/or cleft palate because it helps prevent nasal septum irritation, decreases the number of ear infections, and provides a sort of psychologically support for the postpartum mothers. It is difficult for a baby born with a cleft lip and/or cleft palate ...
Machata Anette-Marie - - 2010
Propofol is widely used for pediatric sedation. However, increasing depth of propofol sedation is associated with airway narrowing and obstruction. The aim of this study was to objectively assess airway patency during a low-dose propofol-based sedation regimen by measuring upper airway size and configuration with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in ...
Suk E H - - 2010
We investigated the cross-sectional area of the femoral vein and its relationship to the femoral artery at two anatomical levels, in infants and children. Sixty-six subjects were allocated to one of two groups: infants (< 1 year, n = 31) or children (1-6 years, n = 35). After induction of ...
Nehra Deepika - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence and clinical presentation of intestinal malrotation from infancy through adulthood by examining the experience of a single institution caring for patients of all ages with this condition. We conducted a retrospective review on all patients diagnosed with intestinal malrotation at ...
Ismaili Khalid - - 2011
To track the clinical evolution of febrile urinary tract infection (UTI) diagnosed in 0- to 3-month-old infants and characterize uropathogen frequencies, antimicrobial resistance rates, renal abnormalities, and differences in the sexes in this age group. We observed prospectively 46 infants identified in a cohort of 209 children with first UTI ...
Virayavanich Warapat - - 2010
Osteoid osteoma occurs most commonly in children, adolescents, and young adults between the ages of 5 and 30 years. In the preschool age group, it is quite uncommon, accounting for only 3-8% of all osteoid osteoma cases. We report a case of osteoid osteoma in a 7-month-old infant, who presented with ...
Olson Christine M - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To examine the importance of maternal weight characteristics as predictors of overweight (BMI ≥85th percentile and <95th percentile) and obesity (BMI ≥ 95th percentile) in offspring at age 4 years. METHODS: Chi-square and logistic regression analyses were conducted on a sample of 321 mother/child pairs from an earlier observational ...
Dórea José G - - 2010
To compare epidemiological studies dealing with neurological issues (compatible with Hg toxicity) linked to exposing newborns and infants to intramuscular doses of preservative-Hg resulting from vaccination with thimerosal-containing vaccines (TCV). Major databases were searched for studies that addressed neurodevelopment outcomes other than autism. Eight studies were identified and compared. Information ...
Hosokawa K - - 2010
Transillumination facilitates the visualization of peripheral veins in infants and children. The clinical usefulness of light-emitting diode (LED)-powered devices has not been thoroughly studied. We randomly assigned 136 infants and children weighing <15 kg, undergoing general anesthesia, to red LED-powered transillumination (TM group, n=67) vs. the usual method (UM group, ...
Jöhr Martin - - 2010
Opioids are important as medication against postoperative pain in infants and children too. However, intraoperatively given opioids increase the analgesic demand in the postoperative period without an improvement of the postoperative pain. Nausea, vomiting, respiratory depression and gastroparesis develop. The apparent benefit of a stable anaesthetic has to be bought ...
Yukawa Miho - - 2011
To establish the role of patient characteristics in estimating doses of digoxin for infants and young children using routine therapeutic drug monitoring data, the steady-state blood-level data (n = 245) after repetitive oral administration in 117 hospitalized infants and young children were analyzed using nonlinear mixed effects modeling (NONMEM), a ...
Angoulvant François - - 2010
To determine whether the youngest age groups are less likely to be included in paediatric randomised controlled trials (PRCTs) than older children, we conducted a PubMed search using the keyword "randomised controlled trial" and the limit "all child: 0-18 years". We retrieved 417 articles published in 2006 in 34 leading ...
Motta M - - 2010
The registry is an European, multicentre, prospective and longitudinal study which follows a cohort of children born to mothers with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). In this article we report preliminary results obtained from 138 mothers and 141 babies (three twin pregnancies). At birth, 16.3% of neonates were less than 37 weeks ...
Ahmed S Faisal SF Department of Child Health, Royal Hospital For Sick Children, University of Glasgow, Yorkhill, Glasgow G3 8SJ, United Kingdom. - - 2010
Infants rarely present with truly ambiguous genitalia and such children should be evaluated by experts who work within a multidisciplinary team that is dedicated for evaluation and management of children and adults with suspected and confirmed disorders of sex development. The paediatric endocrinologist who is a vital and often the ...
Blumer Jeffrey - - 2010
A multicenter, open-label study evaluated the single-dose pharmacokinetics and safety of a pediatric oral famciclovir (prodrug of penciclovir) formulation in infants aged 1 to 12 months with suspicion or evidence of herpes simplex virus infection. Individualized single doses of famciclovir based on the infant's body weight ranged from 25 to ...
Pavlakis Steven G - - 2010
Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography (TCD) is used to predict stroke risk in children with sickle cell anemia (SCA), but has not been adequately studied in children under age 2 years. TCD was performed on infants with SCA enrolled in the BABY HUG trial. Subjects were 7-17 months of age (mean 12.6 ...
Mistry V - - 2010
Fatalities in infants resulting from methadone toxicity are rare within the United Kingdom. We report two cases of fatality attributed to methadone toxicity in infants aged 3(1/2) and 15 months of age, respectively. One of the two cases was also associated with diazepam ingestion. We discuss the difficulties with the ...
Maldonado Ramiro S - - 2010
To describe age-related considerations and methods to improve hand-held spectral domain optical coherence tomography (HH-SD OCT) imaging of eyes of neonates, infants, and children. Based on calculated optical parameters for neonatal and infant eyes, individualized SD OCT scan parameters were developed for improved imaging in pediatric eyes. Forty-two subjects from ...
Bergeson Tonya R - - 2010
Cochlear implantation has recently become available as an intervention strategy for young children with profound hearing impairment. In fact, infants as young as 6 months are now receiving cochlear implants (CIs), and even younger infants are being fitted with hearing aids (HAs). Because early audiovisual experience may be important for ...
Winder Bruce S - - 2010
Whether or not children are at higher risk from exposure to air pollutants has become a central question in regulatory toxicology. In order to examine this issue for essential metals several questions related to toxicokinetics and toxicodynamics need to be addressed. These include (1) whether exposure patterns among infants and ...
Pichler J - - 2010
During the last 3 decades the use of parenteral nutrition (PN) and the aggressive introduction of enteral feeding in daily practice have transformed the outcome for even the sickest of these infants. More than 90% of infants and children now survive after extensive small bowel resection in the neonatal period. ...
Stern Herbert J - - 2009
Intravascular stenting (IS) for vascular stenoses in congenital heart disease provides superior gradient relief and angiographic results over balloon angioplasty (BA) alone. The advantages of IS, however, are difficult to apply to infants, toddlers, and small children due to technical challenges in placing large, long sheaths and the risk of ...
Wedekin Mirja - - 2010
Although results of renal replacement therapy (RRT) in small children have improved during recent years, data about RRT in neonates are scarce. In a retrospective study, we analyzed the outcome of infants who had chronic kidney disease and started RRT within their first year of life. Between 1997 and 2008, ...
Nezelof Christian - - 2010
A century or so ago, pediatrics and pediatric pathology did not exist. Then, many fetuses/newborns died in utero or shortly after birth. With time, the issue of sepsis was addressed, and a greater number of newborns survived. Gradually, in this soil, the disciplines of pediatrics and pediatric nursing arose, as ...
Arai Toshimi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Traditionally, we have been puncturing the internal jugular vein (IJV) with the head rotated. However, in adults it has been suggested that rotation of the head increases the magnitude of an overlapping of the IJV to the carotid artery (CA). Therefore, in infants and children, we have examined anatomic ...
Verbruggen Sascha - - 2009
To determine the rates of methionine splanchnic uptake and utilization in critically ill pediatric patients we used two kinetic models: the plasma methionine enrichment and the "intracellular" homocysteine enrichment. Twenty four patients, eight infants, eight children, and eight adolescents, were studied. They received simultaneous, primed, constant, intravenous infusions of l-[(2)H(3)]methylmethionine ...
Arbogast Kristy B - - 2009
BACKGROUND: High-fidelity manikins have been shown to be useful in teaching appropriate cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) techniques. Similarity of manikin chest compression characteristics to real children is desirable. Little data exists on thorax stiffness in infants and children to guide manikin construction. OBJECTIVE: To determine a 'consensus clinical-expert assessment' of the ...
Kay Alexander W - - 2009
Renal tuberculosis is rare in children and particularly in infants. We present a case of miliary tuberculosis with focal renal involvement in a 5-month-old male infant recently adopted from Ethiopia, and review the literature on miliary and renal tuberculosis in infants and children. Salient points regarding tuberculosis screening in internationally ...
Sun Yang - - 2009
This study was designed to find the effects of age on circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) and their mobilization in infants and young children following surgical correction of congenital heart defects. In 60 consecutive infants and young children (1month to 3years old) undergoing repair of atrial/ventricular septal defect, the numbers ...
Kao Pei-Chieh - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: For infant and child resuscitation, current basic life support guidelines recommend a compression depth of one third to one half of the anteroposterior chest diameter. This study was conducted to assess the actual compression depths in infants and children when current guidelines are strictly followed. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Chest ...
Chanit Wisoot - - 2009
We investigated the incidence of sapovirus (SaV)-associated gastroenteritis in infants and children in Japan during 2007-2008 and characterized the diversity of SaV-positive strains. SaV was detected in 19 (4%) of 477 fecal specimens. The leading genogroup (79%, 15 cases) comprised intergenogroup recombinant SaVs (GII/GIV).
Goshin Lorie Smith - - 2009
Prison nursery programs allow departments of correction to positively intervene in the lives of both incarcerated mothers and their infant children. The number of prison nurseries in the United States has risen dramatically in the past decade, yet there remains a significant gap between predominant correctional policy in this area ...
Ceccarelli P L - - 2009
Pneumonectomy is a rare procedure in pediatric age. In contrast to adults, children that undergo this intervention are prone to postoperative mediastinal shift, which leads to bronchial stretching resulting in severe respiratory failure. This postpneumonectomy syndrome can be corrected by inserting a prosthesis in the empty side of the chest. ...
Zuppa Athena F - - 2009
Although ketorolac is commonly used as an analgesic in the pediatric population, there is no information on the pharmacokinetics of ketorolac available for children less than 6 months of age. The objective of this analysis was to construct a population pharmacokinetic model to describe ketorolac disposition in young children. Three ...
Larru Beatriz - - 2009
Information on the burden of malaria in early infancy is scarce. Young infants are relatively protected against clinical malaria during the first six months of life due to the presence of maternal antibodies and foetal haemoglobin, and have received relatively little attention with respect to research and treatment guidelines. The ...
Cruz Ofelia - - 2008
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a rare pediatric neoplasm exceptionally reported in infants and fibrolamellar hepatocarcinoma (FLC) a HCC variant. Controversy exists whether FLC has a better prognosis than classic HCC, although recent studies of children and young adults with FLC did not report a better outcome. We present a 4-month-old ...
Prasse Jane E - - 2009
Difficulty swallowing or dysphagia can be present in children and adults alike. Pediatric dysphagias have long been recognized in the literature. Certain groups of infants with specific developmental and/or medical conditions have been identified as being at high risk for developing dysphagia. Still others may present with a swallowing or ...
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