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Maguiness Sheilagh S Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, - - 2014
Uncommon congenital hemangiomas differ from common infantile hemangiomas in their appearance, postnatal behavior, histopathology, and immunohistologic staining. Two types are well described in the literature: noninvoluting congenital hemangioma (NICH) and rapidly involuting congenital hemangioma (RICH). We report a series of infants with another presentation of congenital hemangioma that arises prenatally ...
Pinto Deborrah C DC Harris County Institute of Forensic Sciences, 1885 Old Spanish Trail, Houston, TX, - - 2014
Pediatric rib head fractures are typically described as "posterior" or "costovertebral," terms lacking specificity. To resolve this issue, a scheme was developed to describe the location of rib head fractures observed in a pediatric forensic population. The scheme uses three anatomical landmarks, terminus (tip), tubercle, and costovertebral articular surface to ...
Kadakia Ashaini A Children's National Health System, Washington, DC, - - 2014
Background. Despite high bedsharing rates, breastfeeding rates are low among African Americans. Objective. Describe the association between breastfeeding and bedsharing; elucidate barriers to breastfeeding in African Americans. Methods. African American mothers with infants <6 months were recruited for this cross-sectional, mixed-methods study and completed an infant care practices survey. A ...
Chen Lian-Hui LH Department of Pediatrics, The First Affiliated Hospital of College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, 79 Qingchun Road, Hangzhou, 310003, - - 2014
To estimate the association between serum bisphenol A and premature thelarche in female infants aged 4-mo to 2-y. A total of 251 female infants (aged 4 mo to 2 y) with premature thelarche and 33 healthy age-matched control subjects were analyzed. All participants underwent physical examination and serum bisphenol A ...
Berglund Staffan K SK Department of Clinical Sciences, Pediatrics, Umeå University, Umeå, - - 2014
Background:The homeostatic mechanisms of iron metabolism and erythropoiesis in infants are unclear. Infants synthesize both fetal (HbF) and adult (HbA) hemoglobin and it is not known how the hemoglobin-switch is regulated. We hypothesized that iron supplements to infants affects the disappearance of HbF.Methods:We randomized 285 low birth weight infants (2000-2500g) ...
Filliter Jillian H JH Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, - - 2014
Research on the expression of positive affect in young children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) suggests that differences in this domain emerge late in the first year or early in the second year. However, many previous studies in this area employed retrospective research methods and global rating schemes. In the ...
Timby Niklas N Department of Clinical Sciences/Pediatrics, Umeå University, Umeå, - - 2014
Background:Some of the health advantages of breast-fed as compared to formula-fed infants have been suggested to be due to metabolic programming effects resulting from early nutrition.Methods:In a prospective double-blinded randomized trial, 160 infants <2 months of age were randomized to experimental formula (EF) with added milk fat globule membrane or ...
Sreedharanunni Sreejesh - - 2014
Objectives Bone marrow (BM) aspiration and trephine biopsy is one of the most valuable procedures in the evaluation of hematological disorders. There is a shortage of published literature regarding the indications, procedure, and outcome of bone marrow examination (BME) in neonates and infants. The aim of the present study is ...
Rees Alison A The University of - - 2014
This study investigated maternal prenatal docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) intake and infant cognitive development at 22 months. Estimates for second- and third-trimester maternal DHA intake levels were obtained using a comprehensive Food Frequency Questionnaire. Infants (n = 67) were assessed at 22 months on a novel object search task. Mothers' DHA intake levels were divided ...
Kaufman David A DA Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Virginia School of Medicine, - - 2014
Late-onset infections commonly occur in extremely preterm infants and are associated with high rates of mortality and neurodevelopmental impairment. Hand hygiene alone does not always achieve the desired clean hands, as microorganisms are still present more than 50% of the time. We hypothesize that glove use after hand hygiene may ...
Jian'an Liu L Department of Maternal and Child Health, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, - - 2014
Our pilot studies showed that there was a significant relationship between low cord blood levels and scores of neonatal behavioral neurological assessment. The study was further to probe the adverse cognitive effects induced by low-level lead exposure during prenatal and postnatal period. Totally 362 mothers with their infants located the ...
Ozlüses Emine E Institute of Health Sciences of Near East University, Nicosia, Turkish Republic of North Cyprus; and *Faculty of Health Sciences of Atatürk University, Erzurum, Turkey. Correspondence to: Dr Ayda Çelebioglu, Ataturk University Faculty of Health Sciences, Erzurum, Turkey. - - 2014
To determine the effect of breastfeeding education provided to fathers on breastfeeding rates and paternal-infant attachment. 117 couples with their infants with the inclusion criteria: knowledge of reading, writing and speaking Turkish; living in the Turkish Republic of North Cyprus until their infants were six months old; and infants having ...
Cetinkaya M M Department of Neonatology, Kanuni Sultan Suleyman Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, - - 2014
Objective:To evaluate the effect of vitamin D levels on early-onset sepsis (EOS) in term infants.Study Design:Fifty term infants with clinical and laboratory findings of EOS (study group) and 50 healthy infants with no signs of clinical/laboratory infection (control group) were enrolled. Blood was drawn at the time of admission during ...
Cibulskis C C CC Division of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Saint Louis University, St Louis, MO, - - 2014
Objective:To compare the incidence of metabolic acidosis and feeding intolerance associated with powdered or acidified liquid human milk fortifier (HMF).Study Design:This retrospective study evaluated infants ⩽32 weeks gestational age or ⩽1500 g birth weight who received human milk with either powdered or acidified liquid HMF (50 consecutively born infants per group). ...
Kurtycz Laura M LM Lester E. Fisher Center for the Study and Conservation of Apes, Lincoln Park Zoo, Chicago, - - 2014
Changes in group composition can alter the behavior of social animals such as gorillas. Although gorilla births are presumed to affect group spacing patterns, there is relatively little data about how these events affect gorilla group cohesion. We investigated how members of a western lowland gorilla group (n = 6) at Lincoln ...
Ceriani Cernadas José M JM División de Neonatología, Departamento de Pediatría, Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Buenos - - 2014
Background. Nosocomial infections are a major problem in Neonatal Intensive Care Units. Coagulase negative Staphylococcus (CONS) is the most common causative agent. We evaluated the efficacy of cefazolin versus vancomycin as initial therapy for neonates with presumptive clinical signs of nosocomial sepsis probably caused by CONS. Methods. Hospitalized newborns infants ...
Johnson-Motoyama Michelle M University of Kansas School of Social Welfare, 1545 Lilac Lane, Lawrence, KS, 66045, USA, - - 2014
We followed Latino infants prospectively through age 1 to determine whether maternal foreign-born status conferred a protective advantage against reported and substantiated maltreatment across Hispanic-origin groups, and whether the likelihood an infant was reported or substantiated for maltreatment varied by Hispanic origin. We drew data for all Latino infants born ...
Yang Y Y Department of Neonates, Nanjing Children's Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, - - 2014
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is one of the most common acquired diseases of the gastrointestinal tract in preterm infants. Some randomized, controlled trials (RCTs) have indicated that probiotics may potentially lower the incidence of NEC and mortality. However, debate still remains about the safety of probiotics and their influence on normal ...
Elsabbagh Mayada M Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, 1033 Pine Avenue West, Montreal, QC, H3A 1A1, Canada, - - 2014
Links between brain function measures and quality of parent-child interactions within the early developmental period have been investigated in typical and atypical development. We examined such links in a group of 104 infants with and without a family history for autism in the first year of life. Our findings suggest ...
Kim Sung Mi SM 0000-0002-1426-7828 Department of Pediatrics, Busan St. Mary's Medical Center, Busan, - - 2014
Pulmonary surfactant (PS) therapy was proven to be highly successful for the treatment of respiratory distress syndrome in premature infants. As a results, early prophylactic (EP) PS therapy has been introduced recently in Europe, the US and Korea. However, no multi-center study was compared EP and late selective (LS) PS ...
Ting Joseph Y JY Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of British Columbia, 1R46A - 4480 Oak Street, Vancouver, V6H 3V4, BC, Canada, - - 2014
To investigate gentamicin pharmacokinetics in neonates with moderate-to-severe hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) who underwent therapeutic hypothermia (TH). Data were collected retrospectively from infants admitted between January 2007 and February 2011. Gentamicin was given at 2.5 mg/kg/dose q12h intravenously. Infants not eligible for TH underwent therapeutic normothermia (TN). After reviewing the data which ...
Krajewski Paweł P Pirogow's Hospital, Department of Neonatology, ul. Wilenska 37, Lodz, 94-029 - - 2014
Abstract Background: Surfactant replacement therapy is crucial in the management of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in preterm infants. Classic strategies of surfactant administration required intubation. To reduce the need of intubation and mechanical ventilation (MV) we applied surfactant via a thin endotracheal catheter without intubation. Patients and methods: We compared ...
Ogden Emily E Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, 171 Ashley Ave, Charleston, SC, - - 2014
Ectodermal dysplasia comprises a group of disorders affecting ectodermal tissues. Severity depends on the genetic aberration; hyperpyrexia secondary to absence of sweat glands is a common complication. Treatment is supportive. This case report describes a 1-month, 27-day-old male infant with a diagnosis of X-linked recessive anhidrotic ectodermal dysplasia. On the ...
Plager David A DA Indiana University Medical Center, Indianapolis. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare rates and severity of complications between infants undergoing cataract surgery with and without intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. Prospective randomized clinical trial. 114 infants were enrolled in the Infant Aphakia Treatment Study, a randomized, multi-center (12) clinical trial comparing the treatment of unilateral aphakia in patients under 7 months ...
Rat-Fischer Lauriane L Laboratoire Psychologie de la Perception, Université Paris Descartes, CNRS UMR 8158, Centre Biomédical des Saints-Pères, 45 rue des Saints-Pères, 75006 Paris, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to understand what factors influence infants' problem-solving behaviours on the multiple-string task. The main question focused on why infants usually solve the single string-pulling task at 12months at the latest, whereas most 16-month-old infants still cannot solve the task when several strings are ...
Winners-Mendizabal O G OG All Children's Hospital, St. Petersburg, FL, - - 2014
Retinopathy of prematurity [ROP] continues to be a significant clinical problem in preterm infants. There is a need for animal models to better understand the roles of hypoxia/hyperoxia in the pathogenesis and management of ROP. To test the hypothesis that multiple daily cycles of intermittent hypoxia, followed by brief hyperoxia, ...
Maayan-Metzger A A Department of Neonatology, the Edmond and Lili Safra Children's Hospital, Sheba Medical Center and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Ramat-Gan, - - 2014
Objective:To evaluate whether Rh-positive preterm newborn infants born to Rh-negative mothers treated with prophylactic anti-D immunoglobulins exhibited signs of hemolytic reaction, including anemia and hyperbilirubinemia.Study design:Retrospective data were collected for 94 Rh-positive preterm newborns born at gestational age (GA) 28 to 34 weeks to 76 Rh-negative mothers and for matched ...
Kunisaki Shaun M SM Department of Surgery, C.S. Mott Children's Hospital, University of Michigan Health System, 1540 E. Hospital Drive, SPC 4211, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA, - - 2014
The current diagnostic accuracy and perinatal outcome of fetuses with esophageal atresia (EA) continues to be debated. In this review, we report on our experience at a tertiary care fetal center with the prenatal ultrasound diagnosis of EA. Enrollment criteria included a small/absent stomach bubble with a normal or elevated ...
Key Alexandra P AP Vanderbilt Kennedy Center for Research on Human Development and Department of Hearing and Speech Sciences, Vanderbilt University, 230 Appleton Place, PMB 74, Nashville, TN, 37203, USA, - - 2014
Few behavioral indices of risk for autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are present before 12 months, and potential biomarkers remain largely unexamined. This prospective study of infant siblings of children with ASD (n = 16) and low-risk comparison infants (n = 15) examined group differences in event-related potentials (ERPs) indexing processing of facial positive affect (N290/P400, ...
Lopez Olive O Department of Nursing Science, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, - - 2014
To determine the effectiveness of facilitated tucking in reducing pain when venepuncture is being performed on preterm infants. Preterm neonates are exposed to a myriad of invasive, often painful, procedures throughout their stay in the neonatal intensive care unit. A growing volume of evidence shows that pain in preterm infants ...
Chan Ka Po KP The Buddhist Institute of Enlightenment (Hk) Ltd., 270 Sha Tsui Road 2/F, Tsuen Wan, Hong Kong. Electronic address: - - 2014
Meditation is important in facilitating health. Pregnancy health has been shown to have significant consequences for infant behaviors. In view of limited studies on meditation and infant temperament, this study aims to explore the effects of prenatal meditation on these aspects. The conceptual framework was based on the postulation of ...
Moorehead Pamela A PA Center for Perinatal Research, The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To describe enrollment and compare demographic and clinical characteristics of neonates enrolled in the Perinatal Research Repository (PRR) with eligible, but non-enrolled neonates.  Methods: Characteristics from enrolled infants were compared with eligible, but non-enrolled infants using t-tests, Wilcoxon rank tests, and chi-squared tests. Results: Between 6/1/2010 and 12/31/2011, ...
Ma Liang L Department of Pediatrics, The Affiliated Union Hospital, Bin Zhou Medical College, - - 2014
This study is to investigate the characteristics of premature infants' general movements (GMs) and the effect of early intervention on their GMs. The survey was carried among 285 premature infants. (1) Before intervention, the correlation between the gestational age/ birth weight and the GMs was evaluated. (2) The cases were ...
Tsai J-D JD Department of Pediatrics, Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Pediatrics, Mackay Medical College, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Pediatrics, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, - - 2014
To investigate lower urinary tract dysfunction in pre-toilet trained infants with and without history of febrile UTI (f-UTI). Pre-toilet trained infants with f-UTI (Group 1) from pediatric nephrology and urology clinics, and those without f-UTI (Group 2) from infant-care centers were enrolled for the present study. Infants in Group 1 ...
Somer D D Department of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, S.B. Ankara Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
ObjectTo record emmetropization, visual acuity, and strabismus outcomes among hyperopic infants followed with partial hyperopic corrections given in accordance with dynamic retinoscopy (DR).MethodsInfants (3.5-12 months of age) with ≥5 D hyperopia were followed without glasses or partial hyperopic corrections prescribed according to their near dynamic accommodative abilities determined by DR responses ...
de Jesus Lilia C LC Department of Pediatrics, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI (Dr. De Jesus now at Department of Pediatrics, UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital, San Francisco, CA). Electronic address: - - 2014
Objective: Antenatal magnesium (anteMg) is used for various obstetric indications including fetal neuroprotection. Infants exposed to anteMg may be at risk for respiratory depression and delivery room (DR) resuscitation. The study objective was to compare the risk of acute cardio-respiratory (CR) events among preterm infants who were and were not ...
Gilad Oded O 1 Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Schneider Children's Medical Center of Israel , Petah Tiqva, Israel - - 2014
Abstract Objective: This study evaluated the outcome of infants exposed to tranexamic acid during lactation. Subjects and Methods: A prospective, controlled observational study design was used. Mothers who contacted the Beilinson Teratology Information Service (BELTIS) regarding use of tranexamic acid while breastfeeding were followed up by phone interview. Data on ...
Araz-Ersan Bilge B Department of Ophthalmology, Kanuni Sultan Suleyman Education and Research Hospital , Istanbul , Turkey - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the two-year follow-up of patients with type 1 retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) who received intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) as adjunctive treatment. Materials and methods: We conducted a longitudinal follow-up study of premature infants who received 0.625 mg IVB therapy in addition to standard laser photocoagulation therapy. For comparison ...
Trevisanuto Daniele - - 2014
The most important action in the resuscitation of a newborn in the delivery room is to establish effective assisted ventilation. The face mask and endotracheal tube are the devices used to achieve this goal. Laryngeal mask airways that fit over the laryngeal inlet have been shown to be effective for ...
Fonsêca V F C VF Graduate student, Federal University of Paraiba, Areia, 58397000, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to confirm the influences of stress from labor and climate on the formation of the mother-offspring bond in Morada Nova sheep in the first two hours after delivery or at moment of the first suckling of the newborn. The data were collected from 80 ...
Díaz-Castro Javier J Department of Physiology, andInstitute of Nutrition and Food Technology "José Mataix Verdú", University of Granada, Granada, - - 2014
Clamping and cutting of the umbilical cord is the most prevalent of all operations, but the optimal timing of cord clamping is controversial, with different timings offering advantages and disadvantages. This study, for the first time, compares the influence of early and late cord clamping in correlation with oxidative stress ...
Pornprasert Sakorn S Department of Medical Technology, Faculty of Associated Medical Sciences, Chiang Mai University, 110 Intawaroros Road, Chiang Mai, Thailand, 50200. - - 2014
Antiretroviral (ARV) prophylaxis for prevention of mother to child transmission (MTCT) of HIV could affect hemoglobin (Hb) development of infants. A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in 24 HIV-infected and 21 HIV-uninfected pregnancies. ARV drugs were administered to HIV-infected pregnancies at 21 weeks of gestational age and at the labor. ...
Montgomery Karly K Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Bond University, Gold Coast, Queensland, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of quarter turn from prone compared with supine and prone positioning in maintaining respiratory function in premature infants managed in a neonatal intensive care unit. The study was a prospective, randomised, cross-over trial with concealed allocation and intention to treat ...
Okulu Emel E Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, - - 2014
Soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) has been studied in a variety of diseases. The aim of the study is to investigate the levels of suPAR in neonates with sepsis. The infants enrolled to this prospective study were classified into four groups. Group 1, 2, and 3 were referred as ...
Sachdeva Monica M Department of Pediatrics, Fernandez Hospital, Hyderguda, Hyderabad, India, 500029, - - 2014
Intermittent phototherapy with "12 h on and then 12 h off" schedule in comparison with continuous phototherapy for neonatal hyperbilirubinemia may save costs and decrease anxiety of parents. In this non-inferiority-randomized controlled trial, healthy late preterm (>34 weeks) and term neonates with neonatal hyperbilirubinemia under phototherapy for 8 h and total serum bilirubin (TSB) < 18 mg/dL ...
Butler Samantha C SC Department of Psychology, University of Massachusetts Amherst, United - - 2014
The current study explores the effects of exposure to maternal voice on infant sucking in preterm infants. Twenty-four preterm infants averaging 35 weeks gestational age were divided randomly into two groups. A contingency between high-amplitude sucking and presentation of maternal voice was instituted for one group while the other group ...
Fujioka Tao T Department of Pediatrics, Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo, - - 2014
Background: The relationship between cerebral and peripheral hemodynamics during the early postnatal period has not been clarified. Objectives: To evaluate cerebral and peripheral oxygenation and blood volumes between term and preterm infants during the first 3 days of life. Materials and Methods: We performed near-infrared time-resolved spectroscopy on 32 term ...
Kawanishi Fumiko F Infection Control Team, Osaka Medical College Hospital, - - 2014
Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a serious complication in neonatal patients on mechanical ventilation. The objective of this study was to examine the incidence and risk factors associated with VAP, particularly in every 7-day versus every 14-day ventilator circuit changes, in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Seventy-one neonates hospitalized in ...
Haider Steven J SJ Department of Economics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, - - 2014
To estimate the causal effect of a Michigan peer counselor (PC) breastfeeding support program for low-income women on infant health outcomes. Program referral forms, program forms (enrollment, birth, and exit data), and state administrative data from the Women Infants and Children program, Medicaid, and Vital Records. Quasi-random enrollment due to ...
Grewen Karen K University of North Carolina, Department of Psychiatry. Electronic address: - - 2014
Prenatal cocaine exposure(PCE)is related to subtle deficits in cognitive and behavioral function in infancy, childhood and adolescence. Very little is known about the effects of in utero PCE on early brain development that may contribute to these impairments. The purpose of this study was to examine brain structural differences in ...
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