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Arslan Derya D Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Selcuk University Medical Faculty, 42075, Konya, Turkey, - - 2014
Myocardial hypertrophy and cardiac dysfunction frequently occur in newborns of diabetic mothers. The authors hypothesized that wall hypertrophy or disproportionate left ventricular wall thickness in newborns of diabetic mothers may affect both QT and QTc dispersion. This study aimed to assess whether left ventricular hypertrophy affects the QT variables of ...
Vain Nestor E NE School of Medicine, University of Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina; Foundation for Maternal and Child Health (FUNDASAMIN), Buenos Aires, Argentina; Trinidad Palermo Private Hospital, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Electronic address: - - 2014
Delayed cord clamping allows for the passage of blood from the placenta to the baby and reduces the risk of iron deficiency in infancy. To hold the infant for more than 1 min at the level of the vagina (as is presently recommended), on the assumption that gravity affects the ...
Francis Julia H JH Mercy Hospital for Women, Heidleberg, Victoria, - - 2014
Detection of abnormal fetal growth is vital to antenatal care, and traditionally birthweights that are <10th or >90th centile are classified as small or large for gestational age (LGA). Evidence regarding outcomes for birthweight centiles outside these extremes remains unclear. To evaluate the relationship between birthweight centile and perinatal death ...
Ovental A A Departments of Neonatology, Lis Maternity - - 2014
The US Food and Drug Administration has said that oral preparations containing benzocaine should only be used in infants under strict medical supervision, due to the rare, but potentially fatal, risk of methemoglobinemia. This study aimed to determine the analgesic effect of topical application of benzocaine prior to lingual frenotomy ...
Berti Elettra E Anna Meyer Children's University Hospital, Department of Sciences for Health Sciences, University of Florence, Viale Pieraccini, 24, 50100, Florence, - - 2014
To provide epidemiological data on pertussis in a highly vaccinated paediatric population, focusing on the age of the infected children. We analysed data from the regional hospital discharge database on children hospitalised for pertussis in Tuscany, Italy, from January 2000 to December 2012. A total of 279 cases were recorded. ...
Shin Seung Han SH 1Department of Pediatrics, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. 2Department of Pediatrics, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, - - 2014
Remifentanil is an ultrashort-acting synthetic opioid, and the metabolism of which is not influenced by hepatic or renal function. This study aims to compare the efficacy of two remifentanil doses during procedures in ventilated preterm infants. Prospective, randomized, double-blind, noninferiority trial. Neonatal ICU. Preterm infants who were supported by a ...
Endler M M Department of Clincal Science and Education, Division of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Karolinska Institutet, Södersjukhuset, Stockholm, - - 2014
To evaluate whether defective placentation disorders, i.e. pre-eclampsia, stillbirth, small for gestational age (SGA), and spontaneous preterm birth, are associated with risk of retained placenta. Population-based cohort study. Sweden. Primiparous women in Sweden with singleton vaginal deliveries between 1997 and 2009 at 32-41 weeks of gestation (n = 386 607), without placental abruption or ...
Dearn Trish - - 2014
To determine the effect of maternal presence on the physiological and behavioral status of the preterm infant when exposed to recorded music versus ambient sound. Repeated-measures randomized controlled trial. Special care nursery (SCN) in a tertiary perinatal center. Clinically stable preterm infants (22) born at > 28 weeks gestation and enrolled at > 32 weeks gestation ...
Olivares Marta M Microbial Ecology, Nutrition and Health Research Group, Institute of Agrochemistry and Food Technology, National Research Council (IATA-CSIC), IATA-CSIC Av. Agustín Escardino, 7., 46980, Paterna, Valencia, - - 2014
To investigate whether breast-milk composition and microbiota differ in healthy mothers and mothers with celiac disease (CD) to ultimately contribute to identify additional factors determining CD risk. Breast-milk samples from healthy mothers (n = 12) and mothers with CD (n = 12) were collected. Cytokines and secretory immunoglobulin A (sIgA) were analyzed by bead-arrays ...
Skugarevsky Oleg O Psychiatry and Medical Psychology Department, Belarusian State Medical University, Minsk, Belarus, School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK, Medical Research Council / University of Bristol Integrated Epidemiology Unit, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK, University of Bristol / University Hospitals Bristol NHS Foundation Trust National Institute for Health Research Bristol Nutrition Biomedical Research Unit, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK, National Research and Applied Medicine Mother and Child Centre, Minsk, Belarus, Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute, Boston, MA, USA and Department of Pediatrics and of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
Observational studies suggest that breastfeeding benefits later maternal child-feeding practices, which in turn may contribute to positive eating attitudes. We investigated the effect of a randomized intervention to increase duration and exclusivity of breastfeeding on pre-adolescent eating attitudes. Long-term follow-up of the Promotion of Breastfeeding Intervention Trial (PROBIT), a cluster-randomized ...
Miller M M Departments of Pediatrics, Ob/Gyn, and Biomedical Engineering, Wright State University Boonshoft School of Medicine, Dayton, OH, USA, - - 2014
The frequency of multiple birth pregnancies, mostly twin pregnancies, was overrepresented in four different groups of young infants with fractures and bone abnormalities. This finding suggests that fetal bone loading through fetal movement is an important determinant of fetal bone formation and its resultant bone strength. It has been suggested ...
Makrides Maria M Healthy Mothers, Babies and Children, South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute, C/- WCHRI, 72 King William Road, North Adelaide, SA, Australia, - - 2014
Magnesium is an essential mineral required for regulation of body temperature, nucleic acid and protein synthesis and in maintaining nerve and muscle cell electrical potentials. Many women, especially those from disadvantaged backgrounds, have low intakes of magnesium. Magnesium supplementation during pregnancy may be able to reduce fetal growth restriction and ...
Wu R R Neonatal Medical Center, Huaian Maternity and Child Healthcare Hospital, Anhui Medical University, Huaian, - - 2014
Objective:To investigate the effect of lung recruitment maneuver (LRM) with positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) on oxygenation and outcomes in preterm infants ventilated by proportional assist ventilation (PAV) for respiratory distress syndrome (RDS).Study Design:Preterm infants on PAV for RDS after surfactant randomly received an LRM (group A, n=12) or did not ...
Zani Augusto A Department of Pediatric Surgery, King's College Hospital, London, United - - 2014
To measure and evaluate the effects of tracheal dimensions on survival and ventilation in a large series of infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) treated antenatally with fetal endoluminal tracheal occlusion (FETO). Tracheal dimensions on chest radiograph (CR) were measured by 2 blinded radiologists. Survival, day 1 best oxygenation index ...
Kim M-S MS Department of Anaesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Anaesthesia and Pain Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
We performed a randomised comparison of the i-gel™ and the Laryngeal Mask Airway (LMA) Classic™ in children aged less than a year who were undergoing general anaesthesia for elective surgery. Fifty-four infants were randomly allocated to either the i-gel or the LMA Classic. We measured performance characteristics, fibreoptic views through ...
Shin Dong Hoon DH Department of Ophthalmology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
To compare the risk factors and rate of progression of zone I versus zone II type 1 retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). The medical records of consecutive preterm infants with bilateral type 1 ROP in zone I and age-matched control infants with type 1 ROP in zone II were retrospectively analyzed. ...
Ozen Tunay Zuhal Z Department of Ophthalmology, Zekai Tahir Burak Women's Health Education and Research Hospital , Ankara , Turkey - - 2014
Abstract Context: Adenoviral conjunctivitis. Objective: To examine the effects of conjunctival irrigation with povidone iodine in infants with adenoviral conjunctivitis. Material and methods: An outbreak of adenovirus conjunctivitis occurred between September and December 2012 at the neonatal intensive care unit of our hospital. Forty-three infants with adenoviral conjunctivitis were examined ...
van Wassenaer Aleid A Emma Children's Hospital, Neonatology, Meibergdreef 9, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1105AZ, (31) 20 566 3477, (31) 20 6965099 ; - - 2014
Background Thyroid hormones are required for normal brain maturation, and neonatal plasma thyroid hormone concentrations are low in infants < 28 weeks gestation. It is not known whether treatment of such infants with thyroid hormone improves neurodevelopmental outcome. Methods At three years corrected age, mental, motor, and neurological development was ...
Mayer Izi I Zeynep Kamil Maternity and Children's Research and Training Hospital, Istanbul, - - 2014
As hyperbilirubinemia is a significant cause of brain injury, it is important to predict the cases who are at risk. Data for preterm infants are scarce. The aim of this study is to predict significant hyperbilirubinemia in preterm infants by measuring capillary bilirubin at 12th hour of life. One hundred ...
Badiee Zohreh Z Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, and Child Growth and Development Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this trial was to determine whether cobedding of preterm twins has analgesic effects during heel lancing or not. One hundred premature twins (50 sets) born between 26 weeks' and 34 weeks' gestation undergoing heel blood sampling were randomly assigned into two groups: the cobedding group (receiving care ...
Castro Francisca F Laboratory of Nutrition and Metabolic Regulation, Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology (INTA), University of Chile, Santiago, - - 2014
Objective To determine the daily intake of essential micronutrients and toxic elements through breast milk in exclusive and nonexclusive breastfed infants living in an area with major mine tailing deposition (n = 24), compared with a control area (n = 11). Study Design The milk volume ingested by 2 to 4 and 4 to 6 month infants ...
Coulthard Helen H Division of Psychology, School of Applied Social Sciences, Faculty of Health & Life Sciences, De Montfort University, Hawthorn Building, Leicester, LE1 9BH, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of the current study was to examine the effectiveness of different vegetable exposure methods (variety versus single taste) over a 9 day period in two groups of infants; those introduced to solids prior to the age of 5.5 months, and those introduced after 5.5 months. Sixty parent-infant dyads ...
Schilithz A O C AO PEB/UFRJ, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Fetal and infant growth tends to follow irregular patterns and, particularly in developing countries, these patterns are greatly influenced by unfavorable living conditions and interactions with complications during pregnancy. The aim of this study was to identify groups of children with different risk profiles for growth development. The study sample ...
Kultursay Nilgun N Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Ege University Faculty of Medicine, Izmir, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: In March 2010, a new legislation about assisted reproductive technology (ART) activities, favoring single embryo transfer, was introduced in Turkey. Consequences of new regulations on neonatal outcome have not been evaluated in multicenter studies yet. In this study our aim was to evaluate neonatal outcome of infants from ...
Durrant Samantha S School of Psychology, Plymouth University, - - 2014
ABSTRACT Monolingual infants are typically studied as a homogenous group and compared to bilingual infants. This study looks further into two subgroups of monolingual infants, monodialectal and multidialectal, to identify the effects of dialect-related variation on the phonological representation of words. Using an Intermodal Preferential Looking task, the detection of ...
Picciolini Odoardo O NICU, Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Università degli Studi di Milano, - - 2014
Preterm infants complete their development in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit being exposed to environmental stimuli that lead to the early maturation of the sensory systems. It is known that the fetus perceives sounds and reacts to them with movements since the 26th-28th week of gestational age. Maternal voice represents a ...
Yan Jia J 1Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, - - 2014
Animal experiments indicate that repeated exposure to ketamine adversely affects the developing brain. Whether it has the same effect on infants remains unclear. We recruited infants who were scheduled for 1 to 3 outpatient laser surgery treatments of benign facial growths with ketamine anesthesia. Patients were assigned to the Ket1, ...
Hartmann Francine F Department of Pediatrics, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), Porto Alegre, - - 2014
To evaluate surfactant content and function through the lamellar body count (LBC) and stable microbubble test (SMT) in mechanically ventilated infants with severe acute viral bronchiolitis. Controlled cross-sectional study of 32 infants receiving mechanical ventilation: 16 with a diagnosis of acute viral bronchiolitis and 16 with normal lungs. Tracheal fluid ...
Heching Howard K HK Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Columbia University Medical Center, , New York, New York, - - 2014
While acquired pulmonary vein stenosis (PVS) is an often lethal anomaly with poor long-term prognosis and high mortality, little is known about the causes of this disease process. The purpose of this study was to describe the possible association between acquired PVS and necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) in premature infants. We ...
Hossain Nazli N Nazli Hossain FCPS, Professor, Dept of Obstetrics & Gynecology Unit II, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi; Fatima H Kanani FCPS, Assistant Professor, Dow International Medical College, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi; Shabana Ramzan MBBS, Resident Medical officer, Dept of Obstetrics & Gynecology Unit II, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi; Robina Kausar MBBS, Resident Medical officer, Dept of Obstetrics & Gynecology Unit II, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi; Shabana Ayaz MBBS, Resident Medical officer, Dept of Obstetrics & Gynecology Unit II, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi; Rafiq Khanani Phd, Professor & Chairman Pathology & Microbiology, Director, Dow Diagnostics & Reference Laboratory, Dow International Medical College, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi; Lubna Pal MBBS, MRCOG, MS, Associate Professor, Director Program for Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, Director Program for Reproductive Aging and Bone Health Yale Reproductive Endocrinology, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences, Yale University School of - - 2014
Objective: to determine, if vitamin D (vitD) supplementation during pregnancy, affects obstetric and neonatal outcomes Setting: University hospital, Karachi, Pakistan. Methods: Single center, open label, randomized, controlled trial of routine care (Group A, Ferrous Sulfate 200 mg and calcium 600 mg daily) versus vitD supplementation (4000IU D3 daily, Group B), ...
Rook Denise D Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Erasmus Medical Center-Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, The - - 2014
To test the hypothesis that an initial fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) of 30% during resuscitation of preterm infants results in less oxidative stress and is associated with improved clinical outcomes compared with an FiO2 of 65%. Preterm infants of gestational age <32 weeks (n = 193) were randomized to ...
Jiang Hong H School of Public Health, Fudan University, Shanghai, China2Key Laboratory of Public Health Safety, Ministry of Education, Shanghai, - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Appropriate infant feeding practices have the potential for long-term health effects. However, research findings on improving early infant feeding practices are limited. The wide use of mobile phone short message service (SMS) provides new opportunities for health promotion and services. OBJECTIVE To assess the effect of an SMS intervention ...
Maruo Yoshihiro Y Department of Pediatrics, Shiga University of Medical Science, Tsukinowa, Seta, Otsu, Shiga, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the role of bilirubin UDP-glucuronosyltransferase family 1, polypeptide A1 (UGT1A1) gene variations on prolonged unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia associated with breast milk feeding (breast milk jaundice [BMJ]). UGT1A1 gene allelic variation was analyzed in 170 Japanese infants with BMJ with polymerase chain reaction-direct sequencing, and their genotypes compared with serum ...
Alan Serdar S *Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey †Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Goztepe Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul Medeniyet University, Istanbul, Turkey ‡Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of umbilical cord milking (UCM) on the need for packed red blood cell (PRBC) transfusion and hematologic and hemodynamic parameters in very-low-birth-weight infants. The infants were randomized into 2 groups: group 1 (UCM) and group 2 (control). The primary outcome ...
Kugelman Amir A Department of Neonatology, Bnai Zion Medical Center, The B&R Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Haifa, - - 2014
To compare the requirement for endotracheal ventilation in preterm infants treated with heated, humidified high-flow nasal cannula (HHHFNC) with those treated with nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) for the primary treatment of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). Randomized, controlled, prospective, single-center pilot study. Infants (gestational age [GA] <35 weeks, birth ...
Totsu Satsuki S Maternal and Perinatal Center, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Tokyo, - - 2014
This study evaluates the benefit of Bifidobacterium bifidum OLB6378 (B. bifidum) administration to VLBW infants (birth weight<1500g) for the acceleration of enteral feeding. A cluster-randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted in 19 hospital, divided into 2 groups: B group (n =10, B. bifidum was administered to infants within 48 h ...
Veeranki Sreenivas P - - 2014
Viral bronchiolitis affects 20%-30% of infants; because there is no known effective treatment, it is important to identify risk factors that contribute to its pathogenesis. Although adequate folate intake during the periconceptional period prevents neural tube defects, animal data suggest that higher supplementation may be a risk factor for child ...
Smith K M KM Divisions of Neonatology, Seattle Children's Hospital, Seattle, WA, - - 2014
Objective:To describe differences in characteristics among neonates treated with extracorporeal life support (ECLS) in the first week of life for respiratory failure compared with later in the neonatal period and to assess risk factors for central nervous system (CNS) hemorrhage and mortality among the two groups.Study Design:Review of the Extracorporeal ...
Shen Wei - - 2014
Aim: To evaluate the association of NOS1 and NOS3 gene polymorphisms with the risk/severity of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) among preterm infants. The patient group was 189 preterm infants diagnosed with RDS. The control group was 227 preterm neonates who did not develop RDS. NOS genotyping was performed using ...
Duggan Christopher C Divisions of - - 2014
Pregnant women in resource-poor areas are at risk of multiple micronutrient deficiencies, and indicators of low vitamin B-12 status have been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, including anemia, low birth weight, and intrauterine growth retardation. To evaluate whether daily oral vitamin B-12 supplementation during pregnancy increases maternal and infant measures ...
Surmeli-Onay Ozge O Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Hacettepe University, Ankara, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Numerous investigations have demonstrated that phototherapy (PT) directly or indirectly causes ductal patency by photorelaxation effect. In this observational study, we aimed to assess the effect of PT on the incidence of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) together with PGE2 and PGI2 levels in preterm infants. Methods: Preterm infants ...
Erdemir Aydin A Tepecik Education and Research Hospital, Neonatology Clinic, Yenisehir, Izmir, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To investigate the effects of topical ointment therapy on neonatal sepsis in premature infants. Methods: A total of 197 premature infants ≤34 weeks gestation were randomized to receive topical ointment (Aquaphor Original Emollient) or routine skin care group. Skin cultures were obtained on 3th, 7th and 14th day ...
Alkharfy Turki - - 2014
Background: Emollient therapy is used frequently to prevent nosocomial infection in the management of preterm infants, despite a lack of adequate evidence of its efficacy. Objective: To assess the efficacy of prophylactic whole-body application of pure preservative-free topical petroleum jelly on the incidence of nosocomial sepsis in very low-birthweight (VLBW) ...
Lanou Hermann H Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé, Ministry of Scientific Research and Innovation, Ouagadougou, Burkina - - 2014
Prenatal lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS) have been shown to improve birth anthropometry. However, little is known about the effects of such supplements on infant health. We hypothesized that prenatal LNS compared with multiple micronutrient supplement for pregnant and lactating women would improve survival, growth, and morbidity during infancy. Infants' weight, ...
Ca─člar Seda - - 2014
To examine the effects of using vinyl isolation bags or polyethylene wrap for the prevention of postnatal hypothermia in preterm infants at ≤ 32 weeks gestation. A prospective, randomized controlled trial. The neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of the Istanbul Faculty of Medicine in Turkey. Fifty-nine preterm infants. Participants were randomly assigned to ...
Nhoncanse Geiza Cesar GC UFSCar, Sao Carlos, SP, - - 2014
Objective: To assess the prevalence of congenital defects and to investigate their maternal and perinatal associated aspects by reviewing Birth Certificates. Methods: Among all born alive infants from January 2003 to December 2007 in Maternidade da Santa Casa de Misericórdia of São Carlos, Southeast Brazil (12,199 infants), cases were identified ...
Manzoni Paolo P Neonatology and NICU, S. Anna Hospital; Torino, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
NEC is a common and severe complication in premature neonates, particularly those with very-low-birth-weight (VLBW, <1500 g at birth). Probiotics including lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) proved effective in preventing NEC in preterm infants in several RCTs. Lactoferrin, a mammalian milk glycoprotein involved in innate immune host defences, can reduce the ...
Voskamp Bart Jan BJ Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Objective To assess differences in mode of delivery and pregnancy outcome between prenatally detected and nonprenatally detected small for gestational age (SGA) neonates born at term. Study Design We performed a retrospective multicenter cohort study. All singleton infants, born SGA in cephalic position between 360/7 and 410/7 weeks gestation, were classified as ...
Cetinkaya Merih M Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Kanuni Sultan Suleyman Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, - - 2014
Objective Systemic fungal infections are major causes of morbidity and mortality, and are associated with significant neurodevelopmental impairment in premature infants. Our objective was to evaluate the efficacy of fluconazole prophylaxis in prevention of systemic fungal infections among preterm infants. Study Design This observational pre-post cohort study was performed in preterm infants ...
Costa S S Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Catholic University of Sacred Heart, Rome, - - 2014
Fluconazole prophylaxis of invasive fungal infections is a cornerstone of neonatal care, but in vitro studies have shown it inhibits corticosteroid production. This study assessed whether preterm infants demonstrated an association between fluconazole administration, and its duration, and symptoms of adrenocortical insufficiency. We compared two groups who were treated before ...
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