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Ceriani Cernadas José M JM División de Neonatología, Departamento de Pediatría, Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Buenos - - 2014
Background. Nosocomial infections are a major problem in Neonatal Intensive Care Units. Coagulase negative Staphylococcus (CONS) is the most common causative agent. We evaluated the efficacy of cefazolin versus vancomycin as initial therapy for neonates with presumptive clinical signs of nosocomial sepsis probably caused by CONS. Methods. Hospitalized newborns infants ...
Somer D D Department of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, S.B. Ankara Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
ObjectTo record emmetropization, visual acuity, and strabismus outcomes among hyperopic infants followed with partial hyperopic corrections given in accordance with dynamic retinoscopy (DR).MethodsInfants (3.5-12 months of age) with ≥5 D hyperopia were followed without glasses or partial hyperopic corrections prescribed according to their near dynamic accommodative abilities determined by DR responses ...
Gilad Oded O 1 Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Schneider Children's Medical Center of Israel , Petah Tiqva, Israel - - 2014
Abstract Objective: This study evaluated the outcome of infants exposed to tranexamic acid during lactation. Subjects and Methods: A prospective, controlled observational study design was used. Mothers who contacted the Beilinson Teratology Information Service (BELTIS) regarding use of tranexamic acid while breastfeeding were followed up by phone interview. Data on ...
Araz-Ersan Bilge B Department of Ophthalmology, Kanuni Sultan Suleyman Education and Research Hospital , Istanbul , Turkey - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the two-year follow-up of patients with type 1 retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) who received intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) as adjunctive treatment. Materials and methods: We conducted a longitudinal follow-up study of premature infants who received 0.625 mg IVB therapy in addition to standard laser photocoagulation therapy. For comparison ...
Trevisanuto Daniele - - 2014
The most important action in the resuscitation of a newborn in the delivery room is to establish effective assisted ventilation. The face mask and endotracheal tube are the devices used to achieve this goal. Laryngeal mask airways that fit over the laryngeal inlet have been shown to be effective for ...
Fonsêca V F C VF Graduate student, Federal University of Paraiba, Areia, 58397000, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to confirm the influences of stress from labor and climate on the formation of the mother-offspring bond in Morada Nova sheep in the first two hours after delivery or at moment of the first suckling of the newborn. The data were collected from 80 ...
Díaz-Castro Javier J Department of Physiology, andInstitute of Nutrition and Food Technology "José Mataix Verdú", University of Granada, Granada, - - 2014
Clamping and cutting of the umbilical cord is the most prevalent of all operations, but the optimal timing of cord clamping is controversial, with different timings offering advantages and disadvantages. This study, for the first time, compares the influence of early and late cord clamping in correlation with oxidative stress ...
Pornprasert Sakorn S Department of Medical Technology, Faculty of Associated Medical Sciences, Chiang Mai University, 110 Intawaroros Road, Chiang Mai, Thailand, 50200. - - 2014
Antiretroviral (ARV) prophylaxis for prevention of mother to child transmission (MTCT) of HIV could affect hemoglobin (Hb) development of infants. A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in 24 HIV-infected and 21 HIV-uninfected pregnancies. ARV drugs were administered to HIV-infected pregnancies at 21 weeks of gestational age and at the labor. ...
Sachdeva Monica M Department of Pediatrics, Fernandez Hospital, Hyderguda, Hyderabad, India, 500029, - - 2014
Intermittent phototherapy with "12 h on and then 12 h off" schedule in comparison with continuous phototherapy for neonatal hyperbilirubinemia may save costs and decrease anxiety of parents. In this non-inferiority-randomized controlled trial, healthy late preterm (>34 weeks) and term neonates with neonatal hyperbilirubinemia under phototherapy for 8 h and total serum bilirubin (TSB) < 18 mg/dL ...
Butler Samantha C SC Department of Psychology, University of Massachusetts Amherst, United - - 2014
The current study explores the effects of exposure to maternal voice on infant sucking in preterm infants. Twenty-four preterm infants averaging 35 weeks gestational age were divided randomly into two groups. A contingency between high-amplitude sucking and presentation of maternal voice was instituted for one group while the other group ...
Fujioka Tao T Department of Pediatrics, Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo, - - 2014
Background: The relationship between cerebral and peripheral hemodynamics during the early postnatal period has not been clarified. Objectives: To evaluate cerebral and peripheral oxygenation and blood volumes between term and preterm infants during the first 3 days of life. Materials and Methods: We performed near-infrared time-resolved spectroscopy on 32 term ...
Kawanishi Fumiko F Infection Control Team, Osaka Medical College Hospital, - - 2014
Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a serious complication in neonatal patients on mechanical ventilation. The objective of this study was to examine the incidence and risk factors associated with VAP, particularly in every 7-day versus every 14-day ventilator circuit changes, in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Seventy-one neonates hospitalized in ...
Grewen Karen K University of North Carolina, Department of Psychiatry. Electronic address: - - 2014
Prenatal cocaine exposure(PCE)is related to subtle deficits in cognitive and behavioral function in infancy, childhood and adolescence. Very little is known about the effects of in utero PCE on early brain development that may contribute to these impairments. The purpose of this study was to examine brain structural differences in ...
Kristoff Kimberly C KC Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (Mss Kristoff and Wessner), and School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, and the Lactation Program, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (Dr Spatz), - - 2014
The need to support and promote breastfeeding is unquestionable. The World Breastfeeding Week 2013 theme, "Breastfeeding Support: Close to Mothers," focuses on "breastfeeding peer counseling." Mother support groups are traditionally community-based and little is published about peer-to-peer support for mothers who have critically ill newborns. This study describes the development ...
Chen You-Peng YP aDepartment of Infectious Diseases bDepartment of Laboratory Medicine, the first Affiliated Hospital of Jinan University, Guangzhou cDepartment of Clinical Medicine, Medical College of Hunan Normal University, Changsha dDepartment of Obstetrics and Gynecology, the first Affiliated Hospital of Jinan University, Guangzhou, China eInstitute of Nutritional Science, University of Potsdam, Nuthetal, Potsdam, Germany *You-Peng Chen and Yong-Ping Lu contributed equally to the writing of this - - 2014
Recent studies show that preterm birth is associated with hypertension in later life. The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) during pregnancy influences fetal growth and development. In the current study, we investigated the impact of fetal as well as maternal angiotensin (1-7) [Ang (1-7)] and angiotensin II (Ang II) plasma concentrations on ...
Kwon Soo Hyun SH Department of Pediatrics, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn., - - 2014
Background: Preclinical data demonstrate that gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) interneurons initiate connectivity in the developing brain. Objectives: The goal of this study was to compare GABA concentration and its relationship to functional connectivity in the brains of term and preterm infants at term-equivalent age. Methods: Infants received both magnetic resonance spectroscopy ...
Harding C C Department of L.C.S., City University, London, United Kingdom; The Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Fifty nine premature infants participated in a randomized controlled study to determine the effectiveness of non-nutritive sucking (NNS). It was predicted that NNS would not accelerate the development of full oral feeding or early language skills as sometimes perceived in practice. However, it was predicted that using NNS as a ...
Zhang Yuxia Y 1Nursing Department, Children's Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China. 2Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Children's Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China. 3Department of Information, Children's Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China. 4School of Nursing and Midwifery, Faculty of Health, Education and Society, Plymouth University, Plymouth, United Kingdom. 5School of Nursing and Midwifery, Faculty Health Science, Curtin University, Perth, Australia. 6Department of Pediatrics, Intensive Care Neonatology, Erasmus MC-Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, The - - 2014
To evaluate the effectiveness of nonnutritive sucking (NNS) and oral stimulation (OS), either applied alone or in combination, to reduce the transition time from tube feeding to independent oral feeding. Randomized controlled trial. A 40-bed neonatal ICU in a university hospital in the People's Republic of China. A total of ...
Morag Iris I Department of Neonatology, The Edmond and Lily Safra Children's Hospital, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To ascertain the most common early morbidities in a cohort of infants born at 34-35 weeks gestation and to identify the risk factors associated with these morbidities. Methods: Retrospective analysis of data collected prospectively for all 235 infants born at 34-35 weeks of gestation during an eight-month period ...
Wu Ying-Chin YC School and Graduate Institute of Physical Therapy, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, - - 2014
This study examined the effects and mediators of a clinic-based intervention program (CBIP) and a home-based intervention program (HBIP) compared with usual care in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) preterm infants on developmental and behavioral outcomes at 24 months of age (corrected for prematurity). In this randomized controlled trial, VLBW preterm infants received ...
Rüegger Christoph M CM Division of Neonatology, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, - - 2014
Background: Since the introduction of randomized controlled trials (RCT) in clinical research, there has been discussion of whether enrolled patients have worse or better outcomes than comparable non-participants. Objective: To investigate whether very preterm infants randomized to a placebo group in an RCT have equivalent neurodevelopmental outcomes to infants who ...
Litmanovitz Ita - - 2014
Beta-palmitate (sn-2 palmitate) mimics human milk fat, enabling easier digestion.Therefore, we hypothesized that infants consuming high beta-palmitate formula would have more frequent, softer stools and reduced crying compared to infants consuming low beta-palmitate formula. Formula-fed infants were randomly assigned to receive either (1) formula with high beta-palmitate (HBP, n = ...
Wassen M M L H MM Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Atrium Medical Center Parkstad , Heerlen , the - - 2014
The association between neonatal sepsis and labour epidural analgesia (EA) was evaluated. In a retrospective matched case-control study, 453 women delivering with EA (EA group) were matched on parity with 453 women with deliveries without EA (non-EA group). Significantly more neonates born in the EA-group had fever ≥ 38.0°C (11.6% ...
Zuppa A A AA Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart , Rome , - - 2014
The aim of this study was to validate the efficacy of a protocol for the management of infants born to colonised mothers with Group B Streptococcus (GBS). We studied a cohort of newborns admitted at the A. Gemelli University Hospital between May 2006 and December 2009. A total of 1,108 ...
Nagasawa Hiroyuki H Department of Neonatology, Gifu Prefectural General Medical Center, 4-6-1 Noisshiki, Gifu, 500-8717, Japan, - - 2014
Several methods for evaluating left ventricular stroke volume (SV) in neonates using echocardiography have been reported. However, no studies on methodologic comparison of SV with three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography are available. This is the first detailed report on a methodologic comparison of SV in the early neonatal period. The study group ...
Jeste Shafali Spurling SS From the Departments of Psychiatry and Neurology (S.S.J.), and Department of Psychiatry (J.K., B.M., C.S.), UCLA Semel Institute of Neuroscience and Human Behavior, Los Angeles, CA; Division of Pediatric Neurology (J.Y.W.), Mattel Children's Hospital, UCLA, Los Angeles; Department of Biostatistics (D.S.), School of Public Health, UCLA, Los Angeles; and Laboratories of Cognitive Neuroscience (K.V., V.V.-F., C.A.N.), Division of Developmental Medicine, Department of Neurology (K.D.), F.M. Kirby Neurobiology Center (M.S.), Department of Neurology, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA. - - 2014
We performed a longitudinal cohort study of infants with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC), with the overarching goal of defining early clinical, behavioral, and biological markers of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in this high-risk population.METHODS: Infants with TSC and typically developing controls were recruited as early as 3 months of age ...
Afanetti Mickael M Neonatal and Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Hôpital de Bicetre, APHP, Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
The utility of transcutaneous bilirubin measurements (TcB) in screening for hyperbilirubinemia in preterm infants (<34weeks) and in non-white infants remains a matter of debate. To evaluate accuracy of TcB in preterm and term infants of different ethnic backgrounds, using a second generation bilirubinometer. The Draeger JM-103® device was used to ...
Oztekın Osman O Department of Neonatology, Denizli State Hospital, Denizli, - - 2014
Aim The aim of the article is to evaluate ischemia-modified albumin (IMA) levels in infants with transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN) and to find out its relation to the disease severity. Patients and Methods Infants with > 37 weeks of gestation, without any respiratory and cardiac symptoms and without any maternal health problems, ...
Walsh Jennifer M JM From the Departments of Newborn Research and Neonatal Services (J.M.W., L.W.D., J.L.Y.C.), Royal Women's Hospital, 20 Flemington Rd, Parkville, VIC 3052, Australia; University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia (L.W.D., P.J.A., K.J.L., J.L.Y.C.); and Department of Victorian Infant Brain Studies, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Royal Children's Hospital, Parkville, Australia (J.M.W., L.W.D., P.J.A., K.J.L., - - 2014
Purpose To compare the size of multiple brain structures, maturation in terms of both brain myelination and gyral development, and evidence of brain injury between moderate and late preterm (MLPT) and term-born infants at term-equivalent age. Materials and Methods The study was approved by the human research ethics committees of ...
Kaur R R National Institute of Nursing Education, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, - - 2014
Efficacy of burping in lowering colic and regurgitation episodes in healthy term babies lacks evidence in literature. We conducted a randomized controlled trial to compare efficacy of burping versus no-burping in 71 mother-baby dyads in community setting. Primary outcome was reduction in event rates of colic and regurgitation episodes over ...
Modarres Nejad V V Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology , Kerman University of Medical Sciences , Kerman-Iran - - 2014
Oronasopharyngeal suction (ONPS) with a suction bulb at birth is a traditional practice in the initial management of healthy infants in Iran and many other countries. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of oronasopharyngeal suction (ONPS) with those of no suction in normal, term newborns delivered ...
Drysdale Simon B SB Division of Asthma, Allergy and Lung Biology, King's College London, London, UK, - - 2014
Our aim was to determine whether viral lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) adversely affect prematurely born infants' lung function at follow up. Seventy infants, median gestational age 34 (range, 24-35) weeks were prospectively followed; 32 had an RSV (n = 14) or another respiratory viral (n = 18) LRTI (viral LRTI group) and 38 had ...
Wang Bin B Institute of Reproductive and Child Health/Ministry of Health Key Laboratory of Reproductive Health, School of Public Health, Peking University, Beijing 100191, PR - - 2014
Organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) in placental tissue have been reported to be associated with an increased risk for fetal neural tube defects (NTDs). Our case-control study was performed to explore the association between maternal serum OCP concentration and NTD risk in offspring. Serum samples were collected from 117 mothers who delivered ...
Aleman M M Department of Medicine and Epidemiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, - - 2014
Reports of the use of brainstem auditory evoked response (BAER) as a diagnostic modality in foals have been limited. To describe BAER findings and associated causes of hearing loss in foals. Study group 18 foals (15 neonatal, 3 nonneonatal), control group (5 neonatal foals). Retrospective. BAER records from the Clinical ...
Kanemaru Nao N Department of Physical and Health Education, Graduate School of Education, The University of Tokyo, - - 2014
Assessment of spontaneous movements in infants has been a powerful predictor of cerebral palsy (CP). Recent advancements on computer-based video analysis can provide detailed information about the properties of spontaneous movements. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between spontaneous movements of the 4 limbs at term ...
Eliasson Ann-Christin - - 2014
Infants with unilateral brain lesions are at high risk of developing unilateral cerebral palsy (CP). Given the great plasticity of the young brain, possible interventions for infants at risk of unilateral CP deserve exploration. Constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) is known to be effective for older children with unilateral CP but ...
DeFranco Ea E Center for Prevention of Preterm Birth, Perinatal Institute, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA; Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH, - - 2014
To assess the influence of inadequate birth spacing on birth timing distribution across gestation. Population-based retrospective cohort study using vital statistics birth records. Ohio, USA. Singleton, non-anomalous live births ≥20 weeks to multiparous mothers, 2006-2011. Birth frequency at each gestational week was compared following short IPIs of <6, 6-12 and 12-18 months ...
Sherry Christina L CL Scientific and Medical Affairs, Abbott Nutrition, Columbus, OH - - 2014
Lutein is a carotenoid that varies in breast milk depending on maternal intake. Data are lacking with regard to the effect of dietary lutein supplementation on breast milk lutein concentration during lactation and subsequent plasma lutein concentration in breast-fed infants. This study was conducted to determine the impact of lutein ...
Franz Maximilian B MB Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, - - 2014
To evaluate global and single gene methylation patterns as a sign for epigenetic modulation of the immune system in infants born by elective cesarean section (CS) and vaginal delivery (VD). For this prospective pilot study a two step approach was chosen. Initially 41 newborn infants comprising 23 delivered by VD ...
Perricone G G giovanna.perricone@unipa.it - - - 2014
The study was aimed at obtaining knowledge about mothers' experiences of preterm birth. The objective of the study is to explore coping strategies and self- perceived parental competence, in mothers of infant born moderately and severely preterm and admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). The study involved a ...
Smith Joan R JR Division of Nursing and Newborn Intensive Care, St Louis Children's Hospital, Missouri (Dr Smith); School of Nursing, University of Connecticut, Nursing Research, Connecticut Children's Medical Center, Hartford (Dr McGrath); School of Nursing and Medicine, University of Missouri Kansas City (Dr Brotto); and Department of Pediatric Newborn Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts (Dr - - 2014
To systematically test the cumulative effect of the M Technique on infant neurodevelopment in hospitalized very preterm infants. A pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT). Twenty very preterm infants (<30 weeks gestation with average birth weights <1000 g) were randomly assigned to nontreatment or treatment groups. The study period began once ...
Kobayashi Aya A Departments of 1Obstetrics and - - 2014
Chronic abruption-oligohydramnios sequence (CAOS) is a clinical condition with lasting vaginal bleeding and oligohydramnios because of chronic placental abruption, which seems to cause preterm labor and neonatal chronic lung disease (CLD). This prompted us to explore the correlation between perinatal/neonatal outcomes and CAOS. Patients with suspected risk of abortion with ...
Karahan Eyyup E Department of Ophthalmology, Alfagoz Eye Center, I.zmir - - - 2014
To evaluate the relation of central corneal thickness (CCT) and intraocular pressure (IOP) in preterm and full-term newborns. The study included preterm infants who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit. A group of consecutive full-term newborns served as control group. Linear and multiple regression analysis were carried out ...
Tonks Am A WMCAR Public Health England, Birmingham, - - 2014
Birmingham has one of the highest rates of stillbirth and infant mortality in the country. Over half of Birmingham births occur in minority ethnic groups, where consanguineous unions are common. Birmingham stillbirths and infant deaths for a 5-year period were selected from the regional, population-based registers of congenital anomaly and ...
Boyle Em E University of Leicester, Leicester, - - 2014
There is a paucity of recent, prospectively collected data comparing outcomes between singletons and twins born at late and moderately preterm (32-36 weeks; LMPT) gestations. In a prospective, geographically defined, population-based study of babies born at 32–36 weeks gestation we compared neonatal outcomes in normally formed singletons and multiples. We ...
Burgess L L Liverpool Women's Hospital, Liverpool, - - 2014
The Standardised, Concentrated with Added Macronutrients Parenteral (SCAMP) nutrition regimen is a method of hyperalimentation for very preterm infants (VPI). Current neonatal parenteral nutrition (PN) amino acid (AA) formulations predate recent recommended protein intakes. Tyrosine, cysteine, glutamine, arginine and proline are considered conditionally essential AA (CEAA) in VPI due to ...
Yajamanyam Pk P Birmingham Women's NHS Foundation Trust, Birmingham, - - 2014
Chronic lung disease (CLD), defined as oxygen requirement at 36 weeks corrected gestational age (CGA) is a significant neonatal morbidity which can have adverse effects on cardiac function until at least pre-school age.(1) Conventional echocardiographic techniques are often insufficient to identify cardiac dysfunction in preterm infants. We have previously demonstrated ...
Yadav K K University Hospitals of Leicester, Leicester, - - 2014
South Asian (SA) women have an 11 times higher risk of developing diabetes as compared to White British (WB) women. However little is known if they are at similar high risk of adverse neonatal outcomes. We undertook a retrospective, cross-sectional study of 320 women with pre-gestational and gestational diabetes delivering ...
Brisebois Simon S Department of Surgery, ENT Division, Université de Sherbrooke, 3001 12(e) avenue Nord, Sherbrooke (QC), Canada J1H - - 2014
Reflux laryngitis in infants may be involved not only in laryngeal disorders, but also in disorders of cardiorespiratory control through its impact on laryngeal function. Our objective was to study the effect of reflux laryngitis on non-nutritive swallowing (NNS) and NNS-breathing coordination. Two groups of six newborn lambs, randomized into ...
Regev Rivka H RH Department of Neonatology, Meir Hospital,Sapir Medical Center, Kfar Saba, - - 2014
Abstract Background: Pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH) has been associated with a decreased risk of infant mortality in small for gestational age (SGA) preterm infants. Objective: To evaluate the influence of PIH on mortality and major neonatal morbidities in singleton preterm SGA infants, in the presence and absence of acute pregnancy ...
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