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Results 401 - 450 of 1959
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Surmeli-Onay Ozge - - 2013
Data comparing the cutaneous side effects of light emitting diode (LED) phototherapy (LP) and conventional phototherapy (CP) devices in jaundiced newborn infants are very limited. We investigated the incidence and extent of skin eruptions caused by different phototherapy devices in preterm infants who are more prone to neonatal jaundice. This ...
Ozdemir Hülya H Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Marmara University Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey. - - 2013
Iron deficiency anemia is a common problem in newborn infants. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends iron prophylaxis at 4 months of age for term infants. There is no specific recommendation for iron prophylaxis in late-preterm infants. We aimed to establish the optimum time for iron prophylaxis in late-preterm infants. ...
Akgül Sinem S Department of Pediatrics, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey. - - 2013
Newborn infants with maternal-fetal ABO incompatibility are at a greater risk for developing subsequent significant hyperbilirubinemia, and therefore, prediction of probable risk factors, such as the degree of hemolysis, gains importance. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effect of fetal-neonatal blood group on the severity of hemolysis and ...
Fottrell Edward E Institute for Global Health, University College London, - - 2013
Community-based interventions can reduce neonatal mortality when health systems are weak. Population coverage of target groups may be an important determinant of their effect on behavior and mortality. A women's group trial at coverage of 1 group per 1414 population in rural Bangladesh showed no effect on neonatal mortality, despite ...
Uezima Cristina Lika CL Unifesp, Escola Paulista de Medicina, São PauloSP, - - 2013
In preterm newborn infants transfused with erythrocytes stored up to 28 days, to compare the reduction of blood donor exposure in two groups of infants classified according to birth weight. A prospective study was conducted with preterm infants with birth weight <1000 g (Group 1) and 1000-1499 g (Group 2), ...
Cortes Castell E E Miguel Hernández - - 2013
Maternal age is a preponderant variable in the epidemiological analysis of the premature birth. Studies show that in the extreme ages of the maternal life there is a risk of premature birth that generates a high rate of neonatal morbidity. [corrected] Determine the effect on the extreme ages of women ...
Mano Roy - - 2013
To review the characteristics and treatment outcome of testicular torsion in infants, aged 1 month to 1 year, and compare them with those seen in neonates. The study group included 30 patients aged younger than 1 year who were treated for testicular torsion at a tertiary pediatric medical center between ...
Roth Daniel E - - 2013
To estimate the effects of prenatal vitamin D supplementation on infant growth in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Longitudinal follow-up of infants born at term or late preterm (≥34 weeks) to participants in a randomized double-blind trial of maternal third-trimester vitamin D3 (35 000 IU/wk; vitamin D ) vs placebo. Anthropometry was performed at ...
Rabinowicz Ron - - 2013
Cancer during the first year of life is relatively rare and often has clinical and biological properties different from those of the same histologic type of cancer occurring in older children. The aim of this study was to find differences in epidemiology and survival between infants and older children and ...
Underwood Mark A - - 2013
To determine the impact of 2 probiotic bifidobacteria on the fecal microbiota of premature infants fed either human milk or formula. In the first of two phase 1 clinical trials, 12 premature infants receiving formula feedings were assigned randomly to receive either Bifidobacterium longum ssp infantis or Bifidobacterium animalis ssp ...
Galán-Gónzalez Antonio F - - 2013
Abstract Objective: A study was made of the influence of breastfeeding and bottle feeding on development of the dental arches and occlusion in an infant population. Subjects and Methods: In total, 298 infants (163 girls and 135 boys) were selected from a series of 1,643 preschool children in Seville, Spain, ...
Ishizeki Shinobu - - 2013
The effects of administration of bifidobacteria on the intestinal microbiota in low-birth-weight infants, and the transition of each strain of administered bifidobacteria were investigated. A single strain of Bifidobacterium breve M-16V (5×10(8); one-species group) or a mixture of three species composed of B. breve M-16V, Bifidobacterium longum subsp. infantis M-63 ...
Smith Samuel - - 2013
Abstract Objectives To determine the incidence of uterine tachysystole (UT) and its association with neonatal depression or metabolic acidemia (DEP). Methods This retrospective study comprised all 6234 women at ≥37 weeks' gestation who were monitored during the last 4 hours of tracings before birth in an academic community hospital. DEP ...
Pawlik Dorota - - 2013
Background: Preliminary studies suggest that fish-oil lipid emulsion given parenterally to very preterm infants reduces the severity of retinopathy (ROP) and cholestasis. Methods: Infants weighing <1250 g at birth were randomly allocated to 2 groups: an experimental group of 60 infants that received an intravenous (IV) soybean, olive oil, and ...
White-Traut Rosemary - - 2013
While premature infants have a high need for positive interactions, both infants and their mothers are challenged by the infant's biological immaturity. This randomized clinical trial of 198 premature infants born at 29-34 weeks gestation and their mothers examined the impact of the H-HOPE (Hospital to Home: Optimizing the Infant's ...
Atkinson Leslie - - 2013
Findings regarding associations between maternal sensitivity and infant and mother adrenocortical function have been inconsistent. Nor have studies addressed the issue of intra-individual, between-challenge cortisol variability in the context of maternal sensitivity. In this study, we combine several design features aimed at sensitizing analyses to these issues. Cortisol secretion of ...
Olaya Gilma A - - 2013
Iron deficiency and poor linear growth are common in infants from deprived socioeconomic backgrounds and may be associated with inadequate complementary feeding (CF) practices. We tested the hypothesis that new CF guidelines emphasizing meat as a source of iron and zinc would improve linear growth, iron, and zinc status in ...
Smit Elisa - - 2013
Intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH) is a major complication of preterm birth. Large haemorrhages are associated with a high risk of disability and hydrocephalus. Instability of blood pressure and cerebral blood flow are postulated as causative factors. Another mechanism may involve reperfusion damage from oxygen free radicals. Phenobarbital has been suggested as ...
Durrmeyer Xavier - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:The European Union Nitric Oxide trial was designed to assess the potential benefits of inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) compared with placebo in infants with respiratory failure. This follow-up study evaluated respiratory, neurodevelopmental, and other outcomes for infants entered into the European Union Nitric Oxide trial to age 2 ...
Yamamoto Kazuyuki - - 2013
Several drugs, when used chronically in very preterm infants, are considered to be associated with the development of late-onset circulatory collapse (LCC), which can lead to neurodevelopmental impairment. Despite its clinical importance, conclusive risk factors for LCC have yet to be identified. The aim of the present study was to ...
Barbarots S - - 2013
It is not yet known whether the risk of developing atopic dermatitis (AD) is influenced by preterm birth. Moreover, AD risk has not been assessed in a large sample of extremely preterm infants (<29 weeks gestation). Here, we investigated the relationship between gestational age (GA) and AD using data from ...
Benor Shira - - 2013
Objective Oral probiotic supplementation reduces the risk of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in preterm infants. Concerns about safety and purity of probiotic preparations have limited their use in preterm infants. The authors administered probiotic bacteria to mothers of preterm infants, thereby avoiding the risks of direct exposure of infants to probiotic ...
Seo Won Hee - - 2013
In infants with febrile urinary tract infection (UTI), the accurate rapid diagnosis of acute pyelonephritis (APN) would be valuable because early aggressive treatment reduces the risk of renal scarring. The objective of the study was to evaluate whether rapid plasma neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) assay could be used as a ...
Sethi Sameer - - 2013
General anesthesia with opioids provides good perioperative analgesia in infantile ocular surgeries but is associated with the risk of respiratory depression and postoperative emesis. This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of subtenon block for providing perioperative analgesia in infants undergoing cataract surgeries. In this prospective, randomized, controlled, double-blinded trial, ...
Morag Iris - - 2013
The potential benefits and harms of different lighting in neonatal units have not been quantified. To compare the effectiveness of cycled lighting (CL) (approximately 12 hours of light on and 12 hours of light off) with irregularly dimmed light (DL) or near darkness (ND) and with continuous bright light (CBL) ...
Griffiths Silja T - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare findings on cerebral MRI scans of infants born extremely preterm (i.e., gestation < 28 weeks, very preterm; gestation 28-31 weeks) and at term. MRI scans obtained in a cohort of 29 extremely preterm children at 11 years, 51 very preterm young adults ...
Bocquet Alain - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to compare the effect of Bifidobacterium animalis subspecies lactis (B lactis) alone or with 90% galacto-oligosaccharide (GOS) and 10% fructo-oligosaccharide (FOS) on infections in infants. In a multicenter trial, healthy, term, newborn infants ages 42 days or younger whose mothers had decided not ...
Can Emrah E Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Sisli Children's Hospital, Istanbul, - - 2013
To evaluate early aggressive vs. conservative nutrition and its effect on Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) in <32 weeks of gestation neonates. A prospective, randomized, clinical study was conducted in NICU with a total of 75 preterm infants. In the intervention group, infants received early aggressive nutrition immediately after birth, in ...
Mohammadjafari Hamid H Molecular and Cell Biology Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, - - 2013
Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is an important disorder that could be diagnosed in antenatal or postnatal period. The natural history of VUR seems to be different between prenatal or postnatal forms of the disease. We compared the natural history and outcome of vesicoureteral reflux in infants less than one year old ...
Chiarella Sabrina S SS Centre for Research in Human Development, Department of Psychology, Concordia - - 2013
Infants are attuned to emotional facial and vocal expressions, reacting most prominently when they are exposed to negative expressions. However, it remains unknown if infants can detect whether a person's emotions are justifiable given a particular context. The focus of the current paper was to examine whether infants react the ...
Pärtty Anna - - 2013
To evaluate the impact of early prebiotic and probiotic intervention on preterm infants' well-being, crying, growth, and microbiological programming. Ninety-four preterm infants (gestational age 32-36 weeks and birth weight >1500 g) randomized to receive prebiotics (mixture of galacto-oligosaccharide and polydextrose 1:1), probiotics (Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG), or placebo during the first ...
Chakraborty Mallinath - - 2013
Background: Interleukin-6 (IL-6) signalling involves the interplay between IL-6, soluble IL-6 receptor (sIL-6R) and soluble gp130 (sgp130). IL-6 activity is modulated by the soluble receptors to produce both pro- and anti-inflammatory effects in human diseases and animal models. The expression and functional activity of these molecules in lungs of preterm ...
Kamlin C Omar F - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:Positive-pressure ventilation (PPV) using a manual ventilation device and a face mask is recommended for compromised newborn infants in the delivery room (DR). Mask ventilation is associated with airway obstruction and leak. A nasal tube is an alternative interface, but its safety and efficacy have not been tested in extremely ...
McCarthy Lisa K - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:Resuscitation guidelines recommend that respiratory support should be given to newborns via a face mask (FM) in the delivery room (DR). Respiratory support given to preterm newborns via a single nasal prong (SNP; ie, short nasal tube, nasopharyngeal tube) may be more effective. We wished to determine whether ...
Liu Zhiwei - - 2013
Intrauterine infection is the most commonly identified cause of preterm birth. In this study, our aim was to determine the association between placental inflammation and neonatal outcome in a prospective observational cohort of preterm infants of less than 34 weeks gestational age. We especially focused on the distinct effects of ...
Eras Zeynep - - 2013
Background Some controlled trials have shown significant differences in short-term clinical outcomes between poractant alfa and beractant in infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). There is, however, no study showing the differences in long-term outcomes with these treatments.Aim To determine and compare the neurodevelopmental outcomes of preterm infants with RDS ...
Lista Gianluca - - 2013
To investigate respiratory health and lung function in school-aged children without broncho-pulmonary dysplasia (BPD), who were very low birth weight (VLBWi) and randomized at birth to high frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) or volume guarantee (VG) ventilation for severe respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). In this observational study, 7-y-old ex-preterm infants with ...
Li D - - 2013
Probiotic therapy has been shown to reduce morbidity and mortality of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in premature infants in several international studies using various probiotic agents. The purpose of this study is to describe our experience of using probiotic therapy in preventing NEC in infants with very low birth weight (VLBW) ...
Castro Conde José Ramón - - 2013
To determine whether full-term newborn infants of diabetic mothers (IDM) present immature/disorganised EEG patterns in the immediate neonatal period, and whether there was any relationship with maternal glycaemic control. Cohort study with an incidental sample performed in a tertiary hospital neonatal unit. 23 IDM and 22 healthy newborns born between ...
March M I - - 2013
Objective:Delayed cord clamping has been shown to decrease the need for transfusion in preterm neonates, but may delay resuscitation. The aim of this study was to determine whether umbilical cord milking compared with immediate cord clamping in extremely preterm deliveries reduces the need for neonatal red blood cell transfusion.Study design:Women ...
Berardi Alberto - - 2013
To identify the source of postnatal colonization with group B Streptococcus (GBS) and to evaluate the impact of intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis (IAP) administration in newborn infant transmission. A prospective, longitudinal study evaluated GBS colonization in 160 mother-baby pairs. Specimens were collected from the time of delivery to 8 weeks post-partum, from ...
Nelson S S Department of Community Dentistry, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA. - - 2013
Birth cohort studies of developmental defects of enamel (DDE) and early childhood caries (ECC) in very low birthweight (VLBW) and normal birthweight (NBW) infants are rare. In this birth cohort of 234 VLBW and 234 NBW infants, we report the incidence of ECC and DDE at 8 and 18-20 mos ...
König Kai - - 2013
Abstract Objective: Non-invasive ventilation is increasingly used as first-line management of respiratory distress syndrome in preterm infants to avoid the lung-damaging effects of mechanical ventilation. We hypothesised that even a short period of mechanical ventilation following surfactant treatment would increase the rate of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Methods: Retrospective study including preterm ...
Ercan Tugba Erener - - 2013
The resurgence of pertussis has resulted in an increased morbidity and mortality, especially among young infants. The aim of our study was to determine the antibody concentrations against pertussis antigens in cord and maternal blood in both preterm and term infant-mother pairs and to evaluate the efficacy of transplacental antibody ...
Ishii Hiroki - - 2013
Purpose: The aims of the current study were to compare changes in cerebral and systemic perfusion in appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) and small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants immediately after birth. Methods: Cerebral blood volume (CBV), cerebral Hb oxygen saturation (cSO2) and cerebral fractional tissue oxygen extraction (cFTOE) among 57 AGA infants and 30 SGA ...
Guo Yu - - 2013
Preterm birth is the leading cause of death for newborn infants, and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is commonly used to induce preterm delivery in experimental animals. Pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) are widespread and occur in foods, herbs, and other plants. This study was to investigate the synergistic effects of LPS and two representative ...
Nicolson Susan - - 2013
The purpose of this study is to test a brief, attachment intervention added to routine maternity care that aims to improve the adolescent mother-infant relationship during transition to motherhood. A pre-test, post-test, peer-control-group trial was set in a large tertiary maternity hospital in Melbourne, Australia. Participants were multi-cultural, pregnant adolescents ...
Khan Waqas Ullah - - 2013
To investigate whether the recommended dietary intake of Ca in anaemic infants compromises the expected Hb response, via home fortification with a new Ca- and Fe-containing Sprinkles™ micronutrient powder (MNP). A double-blind, randomized controlled, 2-month trial was conducted in Bangladesh. Infants were randomized to one of two MNP intervention groups ...
Ozkiraz Servet - - 2013
Purpose: To evaluate the safety of peripherally inserted central venous catheters (PICCs) and their complications in critically ill premature neonates.
Methods: A retrospective collection of data of infants with very low birth weight (VLBW) who underwent PICC placement over a 2-year period. Gestational age, birth weight (BW), sex, site of catheter ...
Smith Jacqueline - - 2013
Purpose: The primary aim of the study was to evaluate whether the application of a plastic wrap immediately after birth is more effective than the standard care of temperature management for improving admission temperatures to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) in infants <30 weeks gestation.Design: A randomized controlled trial ...
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