Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1774
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Turker Gulcan - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There are several studies that have shown an increased risk of premature birth and developmental abnormalities with in vitro fertilization (IVF); however, the data on preterm mortality and morbidity are limited.Aim: Our aim is to investigate whether IVF had an effect on the mortality and morbidity in neonates admitted ...
Mura Thibault - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) and cognitive impairment in 5-year-old children born very preterm. STUDY DESIGN: The Etude Epidémiologique sur les Petits Ages Gestationnels Study is a population-based cohort of children followed up from birth to age 5 years recruited in 9 French ...
Kafalidis George - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Large- (LGA) and appropriate-for-gestational age (AGA) infants differ in body fat mass and metabolic/endocrine mechanisms. We aimed to investigate in LGA and AGA infants possible alterations in cord blood levels of insulin and the adipokines vaspin and omentin-1 which are secreted by the adipose tissue and are implicated in ...
Farhi A - - 2013
Objective: To evaluate the risk for congenital malformations diagnosed at birth following Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) treatments compared with live births conceived spontaneously. Methods: A retrospective cohort study including 9,042 live births following ART and 213,288 spontaneously conceived live births during the period 1997-2004. The cohort was linked to the ...
Tannock Gerald W - - 2013
The aim of the study was to compare the composition of the fecal microbiotas of infants fed goat milk formula to those fed cow milk formula, or breast milk as the 'gold standard'. Pyrosequencing of 16S rRNA gene sequences was used in the analysis of the microbiotas in stool samples ...
Jin Hyun Joo - - 2013
Iron and vitamin D deficiencies cause a variety of health issues in children, which might have long-lasting effects even in asymptomatic cases. The present study sought to elucidate the potential association between iron status and serum vitamin D levels in infants. We evaluated 102 infants aged 3-24 months who visited ...
Bak Seon-Yeong - - 2013
To investigate the association between necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and red blood cell transfusions in very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants. We studied were 180 VLBW preterm infants who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of CHA Gangnam Hospital from January of 2006 to December of 2009. The ...
Wang Xiaocou - - 2013
Infants are potentially more susceptible to brain injury mediated via cell death attributed to cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) especially with prolonged hypothermic low flow (HLF). We hypothesized that a human urinary protease inhibitor (ulinastatin), by its anti-inflammatory effect, would reduce central nervous system (CNS) injury during HLF. Fifteen general-type infant piglets ...
Lindner U - - 2013
Being born small for gestational age (SGA) can be a reference to intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) and is associated with increased neonatal morbidity and mortality. In pregnancies complicated by IUGR placental insufficiency is thought to be one of the leading underlying pathogenetic mechanisms. As cytokines appear to be implicated in ...
Tikochinski Yaron - - 2013
Despite its benign, natural course, colic is a significant problem in babies and imparts a psychological and physical burden to parents. This study has examined the relief of colic symptoms when using BornFree ActiveFlow baby bottles by comparing observed symptoms of 30 otherwise healthy newborns (ages 2-21 weeks) who had ...
Lee Jung Won - - 2013
Purpose: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is an ascending infection of fecal uropathogens, urogenital lactobacilli are suggested to play a role in the prevention of UTI. This study was to investigate whether lactobacillus mixture (LM) could prevent the experimental infantile UTI. Materials and Methods: The LM were composed of three lactobacillus ...
Türkyılmaz Ahmet Sinan - - 2013
The aim of this paper was to analyze the differentials in receiving postpartum care of infants in Turkey and the determinants of receiving postpartum care by infants in Turkey, using data from the 2008 Turkey Demographic and Health Survey and multivariate logistic analyses accounting for the complex sample design. The ...
Bauserman Melissa S MS School of Medicine, Division of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, - - 2013
Group B Streptococcus (GBS) and Escherichia coli cause serious bacterial infections (SBIs) and are associated with morbidity and mortality in newborn infants. Intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis reduces early-onset SBIs caused by GBS. The effect of intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis on late-onset SBIs caused by these organisms is unknown. We examined all blood, ...
Krebs Nancy F - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To compare iron status in breastfed infants randomized to groups receiving complementary feeding regimens that provided iron from fortified infant cereals or meats, and to examine the development of the enteric microbiota in these groups. STUDY DESIGN: Forty-five exclusively breastfed 5-month-old infants were randomized to 1 of 3 feeding ...
Maimon Neta - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:: Preterm infants undergo frequent painful procedures in the neonatal intensive care unit. Electroencephalography (EEG) changes in reaction to invasive procedures have been reported in preterm and full-term neonates. Frontal EEG asymmetry as an index of emotion during tactile stimulation shows inconsistent findings in full-term infants, and has not been ...
Urlesberger Berndt - - 2013
Background: Oxygen delivery to the brain is dependent on cardiac output and arterial oxygen content. Objectives: The study was designed to investigate the influence of a left-to-right shunt via the ductus arteriosus (DA) on regional oxygen saturation (rSO2) of the brain and peripheral tissue during postnatal transition. Methods: Nested case-control ...
Klebermass-Schrehof Katrin - - 2013
Background: A new mode of surfactant administration without intubation - less invasive surfactant administration (LISA) - has recently been described for premature infants. Objective: We report single-center outcome data of extremely premature infants who have been managed by LISA in our department. Mortality and morbidity rates of the cohort were ...
Binder Corinna - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate peripheral regional oxygen saturation (rpSO(2)) and cerebral regional oxygen saturation (rcSO(2)) during the immediate postnatal transition in late preterm infants with and without the need for respiratory support. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective observational study using near-infrared spectroscopy to evaluate changes in rpSO(2) and rcSO(2). These ...
Almaazmi Munira - - 2013
Background: Values of regional cerebral tissue oxygen saturation (cStO(2)) have been described during transition of term and preterm infants after birth. However, use of different devices precludes comparison of measurements. Objective: To measure cStO(2) during transition of term infants using a calibrated 4-wavelength laser light source near-infrared spectroscopy oximeter (FORE-SIGHT) ...
Demirel Gamze - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of nasal intermittent mandatory ventilation (NIMV) in reducing the duration of respiratory distress compared with nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) in transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN). Patient and methods: Forty infants with a gestational age ≥37 weeks, and birth weight ≥2000 g ...
Zanardo Vincenzo - - 2013
Abstract BACKGROUND: There is no study to support a relationship between placental transfusion and active management techniques of the second stage of labor. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between head-to-body delivery by 'two-step' approach (which includes waiting for the next contraction to deliver the shoulders) and its effect on the ...
Ohlsson Arne - - 2013
The "synactive" theory of neurobehavioral development forms the basis of the Newborn Individualized Developmental Care and Assessment Program (NIDCAP). Our objective was to assess the effectiveness of NIDCAP in improving outcomes in preterm infants. Medline, CINAHL, Embase, PsychInfo, The Cochrane Library, Pediatric Academic Societies' Abstracts and Web of Science were ...
Costa Simonetta - - 2013
AIM: To determine whether adding recombinant erythropoietin to the intravenous solution and administering it as a 24 hours continuous infusion would result in an erythropoietic effect not inferior to that seen with subcutaneous administration. METHODS: Infants weighing <1500 grams and <32 weeks of gestational age were randomly assigned at 72 ...
Zhu Lina - - 2013
Abstract Objective: In our study, the reference intervals of serum thyroid hormones were established in 247 hospitalized preterm infants from 28 to 36 weeks of gestation at 8-15 postnatal days. The thyroid hormones were serum triiodothyronine (T3), free triiodothyronine (FT3), thyroxine (T4), free thyroxine (FT4), and thyrotropin (TSH). Methods: Electrochemiluminescence ...
Goldberg Michael - - 2013
A family history of atopy has been considered an independent risk factor for atopic diseases in children. To relate the risk of an infant developing IgE-mediated cow's milk allergy (IgE-CMA) to the atopic status of parents. Assessment of the parental atopic status of children with IgE-CMA (n = 66) previously identified ...
Kida Tetsuo - - 2013
Previous studies have demonstrated that pleasant touch activates reward-related cortical regions including the anterior prefrontal cortex (APFC) in adults, but the developmental change is still unknown in infancy. The present study used near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) to investigate activation of the APFC by gentle touching of the hand of infants ...
Macaluso Anna A Health Services Research and International Health, Institute for Maternal and Child Health IRCCS Burlo Garofolo, Trieste, - - 2013
This study reports the research methods and baseline data of a project aimed at assessing the effect of an intervention based on the 7 Steps of the Baby Friendly Community Initiative (BFCI) on the rate of exclusive breastfeeding at 6 months in Italy. In this controlled, nonrandomized study, nine Local ...
Guan Zhen-Hua - - 2013
We investigated the structure and seasonality of the proximity network in a group of polygynous western black crested gibbons (Nomascus concolor) using social network analysis. The spatial proximity changed seasonally and was affected by temperature and rainfall. Preferred proximity association was not distributed randomly among individuals. Kinship was one explanation ...
Llapur Conrado J - - 2013
Children and adults residing at high altitude (HA) compared to low altitude (LA) have larger lung volumes; however, it is unknown whether this response to chronic hypoxia begins early in life. Our objective was to determine whether infants and toddlers at HA have larger lung volumes compared to infants and ...
Chola Lumbwe - - 2013
Infant feeding studies are typically presented as single-event models, without considering the dynamic nature of feeding. We analyzed the determinants of infant feeding duration using both single- and multiple-event Cox regression models. The Cox model was compared with parametric survival models, which were used to estimate feeding-state transition probabilities. Data ...
Lanza Fernanda de Cordoba - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate changes in respiratory mechanics and tidal volume (V T) in wheezing infants in spontaneous ventilation after performing the technique known as the prolonged, slow expiratory (PSE) maneuver. METHODS: We included infants with a history of recurrent wheezing and who had had no exacerbations in the previous 15 ...
Uludag S - - 2013
Several authors have suggested that the final five weeks of gestation are a critical period for the development of the hip. In order to test the hypothesis that gestational age at birth may influence the development of the hip joint, we analysed the sonographic findings in 1992 hips (in 996 term ...
Zachariassen Gitte - - 2013
The aims of this PhD thesis were: 1. Primarily to investigate the effect, of adding human milk fortifier to mother's milk while breastfeeding very preterm infants after hospital discharge, on growth until 1 year corrected age (CA) 2. Secondarily to describe breastfeeding rate and factors associated with breastfeeding among very ...
Tachibana Kazutoshi - - 2013
Mycotic aneurysm of the ascending aorta is rare in infants. A 12-month-old infant developed a mycotic aneurysm of the ascending aorta secondary to group A streptococcus septicemia. He developed atrioventricular block, and the rapid aneurysm progression under medical therapy prompted us to perform an emergency operation. The aneurysm was successfully ...
Jirapinyo Pipop - - 2013
To study the prevalence of atopic dermatitis in exclusively breast-fed infants of allergic mothers who were placed either on liberal diets or on dairy-product-restricted diets. Infants aged 0 to 4 months old, who were exclusively breast-fed and whose mothers had a history of allergic disease, were the subjects of the ...
Abdala Carolina C Division of Communication and Auditory Neuroscience, House Research Institute, 2100 W. 3rd Street, Los Angeles, California 90057, USA. - - 2013
Past work applying otoacoustic emissions to gauge maturational status of the medial olivocochlear (MOC) reflex in human newborns has produced mixed results. The present study revisits the question while considering the dual nature of the 2f(1) - f(2) distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) and expanding measures of medial efferent function. ...
Schweitzer Tilmann - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Stereophotogrammetry enables a simple and radiation free longitudinal analysis of skull asymmetries: in a three-dimensional coordinate system various distances (length, breadth, cephalic index, oblique diameters, ear shift, head circumference) can be analyzed. We also defined separate volume sections in order to further quantify the degree of asymmetry in the ...
Kangas Ashley - - 2013
Both objects and parts function as organizational entities in adult perception. Prior research has indicated that objects affect organization early in life: Infants grouped elements located within object boundaries and segregated them from those located on different objects. Here, we examined whether parts also induce grouping in infancy. Five- and ...
Ruano Rodrigo - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of early fetoscopic tracheal occlusion (22-24 weeks) on pulmonary response and neonatal survival in extremely severe isolated CDH. METHODS: Multicenter study involving fetuses with extremely severe CDH (lung-to-head ratio <0.70, liver herniation into the thoracic cavity, no other detectable anomalies). Between August 2010 and December ...
Kalay Salih - - 2013
Abstract Objective: We measured vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1(sVEGFR-1) concentrations in cord blood and tracheal aspirate fluid (TAF) in order to investigate the role of them in lung maturation and the severity of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in preterm newborns, born to ...
Walson Philip D - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Because of practical problems and ethical concerns, few studies of the pharmacokinetics (PK) of acetaminophen (ACET) in infants have been published. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to compare the PK of an ACET rectal suppository with a commercially available ACET elixir to complete a regulatory obligation to ...
Mackeen A Dhanya - - 2013
Objective To determine whether 17-α-hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17P) reduces the incidence of preterm birth in women with a history-indicated cerclage.Study Design Retrospective cohort study of women who received a cerclage for a prior preterm birth, analyzed based on exposure to 17P. The primary outcome variable was delivery < 35 weeks. Secondary outcomes were preterm birth < 37, ...
Dani Carlo - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:: To compare the effects of continuous and intermittent bolus milk feeding on splanchnic oxygenation (rSO2S) in small for gestational age (SGA) and appropriate for gestational age (AGA) preterm infants. METHODS:: Infants with gestational age < 32 weeks were prospectively studied by near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). Each infant were given a milk ...
Karlström A - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To compare maternal complications and infant outcomes for women undergoing elective caesarean sections based on a maternal request and without recorded medical indication with those of women who underwent spontaneous onset of labour with the intention to have a vaginal birth. DESIGN: Retrospective register study. SETTING: Sweden; Medical Birth ...
de Weerth Carolina - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:To provide a comprehensive analysis of the fecal microbiota in infants with colic, as compared with control infants, during their first 100 days of life.METHODS:Microbial DNA of >200 samples from 12 infants with colic and 12 age-matched control infants was extracted and hybridized to a phylogenetic microarray.RESULTS:Microbiota diversity gradually increased ...
Atasay Begum - - 2013
Abstract Objective: Failure of adequate and timely clearance of fetal lung fluid has been implicated in transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN). There has been lack of human data on the association between endocrinological adaptation and fetal lung fluid clearance. Although TTN development in term or late preterm newborns delivered ...
Matsuo Kiyomi - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Infants with congenital cytomegalovirus infection (CCMVI) may develop brain abnormalities such as ventricular dilatation, which may potentially associate with sensorineural hearing loss. There is currently no recognized method for quantitative evaluation of ventricle size in infants with CCMVI. Our objectives were to establish a method for quantitative evaluation of ...
O'Donnell Sinéad M - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine if low-flow nasal prongs therapy with room air, compared with no treatment, facilitates weaning from nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) in very low birth weight (VLBW, birth weight <1500 g) infants. STUDY DESIGN: VLBW infants who received respiratory support for ≥48 hours and who were stable ...
Savchev Stefan - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the 2-year neurodevelopmental outcome of full-term, small-for-gestational-age (SGA) newborns with normal placental function, according to current criteria based on umbilical artery Doppler. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cohort of consecutive full-term, SGA newborns with normal prenatal umbilical artery Doppler was compared with a group of full-term, appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) ...
Tunc Turan - - 2013
Infants born prematurely are prone to bronchopulmonary dysplasia which is a devastating form of chronic lung disease that develops in very low birth weight infants. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are pattern recognition receptors that initiate innate immune responses. We tested TLR2, 4, and 9 levels in the lungs of rat pups ...
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