Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1932
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Bocquet Alain - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to compare the effect of Bifidobacterium animalis subspecies lactis (B lactis) alone or with 90% galacto-oligosaccharide (GOS) and 10% fructo-oligosaccharide (FOS) on infections in infants. In a multicenter trial, healthy, term, newborn infants ages 42 days or younger whose mothers had decided not ...
Can Emrah E Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Sisli Children's Hospital, Istanbul, - - 2013
To evaluate early aggressive vs. conservative nutrition and its effect on Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) in <32 weeks of gestation neonates. A prospective, randomized, clinical study was conducted in NICU with a total of 75 preterm infants. In the intervention group, infants received early aggressive nutrition immediately after birth, in ...
Mohammadjafari Hamid H Molecular and Cell Biology Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, - - 2013
Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is an important disorder that could be diagnosed in antenatal or postnatal period. The natural history of VUR seems to be different between prenatal or postnatal forms of the disease. We compared the natural history and outcome of vesicoureteral reflux in infants less than one year old ...
Chiarella Sabrina S SS Centre for Research in Human Development, Department of Psychology, Concordia - - 2013
Infants are attuned to emotional facial and vocal expressions, reacting most prominently when they are exposed to negative expressions. However, it remains unknown if infants can detect whether a person's emotions are justifiable given a particular context. The focus of the current paper was to examine whether infants react the ...
Pärtty Anna - - 2013
To evaluate the impact of early prebiotic and probiotic intervention on preterm infants' well-being, crying, growth, and microbiological programming. Ninety-four preterm infants (gestational age 32-36 weeks and birth weight >1500 g) randomized to receive prebiotics (mixture of galacto-oligosaccharide and polydextrose 1:1), probiotics (Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG), or placebo during the first ...
Chakraborty Mallinath - - 2013
Background: Interleukin-6 (IL-6) signalling involves the interplay between IL-6, soluble IL-6 receptor (sIL-6R) and soluble gp130 (sgp130). IL-6 activity is modulated by the soluble receptors to produce both pro- and anti-inflammatory effects in human diseases and animal models. The expression and functional activity of these molecules in lungs of preterm ...
Kamlin C Omar F - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:Positive-pressure ventilation (PPV) using a manual ventilation device and a face mask is recommended for compromised newborn infants in the delivery room (DR). Mask ventilation is associated with airway obstruction and leak. A nasal tube is an alternative interface, but its safety and efficacy have not been tested in extremely ...
McCarthy Lisa K - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:Resuscitation guidelines recommend that respiratory support should be given to newborns via a face mask (FM) in the delivery room (DR). Respiratory support given to preterm newborns via a single nasal prong (SNP; ie, short nasal tube, nasopharyngeal tube) may be more effective. We wished to determine whether ...
Liu Zhiwei - - 2013
Intrauterine infection is the most commonly identified cause of preterm birth. In this study, our aim was to determine the association between placental inflammation and neonatal outcome in a prospective observational cohort of preterm infants of less than 34 weeks gestational age. We especially focused on the distinct effects of ...
Eras Zeynep - - 2013
Background Some controlled trials have shown significant differences in short-term clinical outcomes between poractant alfa and beractant in infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). There is, however, no study showing the differences in long-term outcomes with these treatments.Aim To determine and compare the neurodevelopmental outcomes of preterm infants with RDS ...
Lista Gianluca - - 2013
To investigate respiratory health and lung function in school-aged children without broncho-pulmonary dysplasia (BPD), who were very low birth weight (VLBWi) and randomized at birth to high frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) or volume guarantee (VG) ventilation for severe respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). In this observational study, 7-y-old ex-preterm infants with ...
Li D - - 2013
Probiotic therapy has been shown to reduce morbidity and mortality of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in premature infants in several international studies using various probiotic agents. The purpose of this study is to describe our experience of using probiotic therapy in preventing NEC in infants with very low birth weight (VLBW) ...
Castro Conde José Ramón - - 2013
To determine whether full-term newborn infants of diabetic mothers (IDM) present immature/disorganised EEG patterns in the immediate neonatal period, and whether there was any relationship with maternal glycaemic control. Cohort study with an incidental sample performed in a tertiary hospital neonatal unit. 23 IDM and 22 healthy newborns born between ...
March M I - - 2013
Objective:Delayed cord clamping has been shown to decrease the need for transfusion in preterm neonates, but may delay resuscitation. The aim of this study was to determine whether umbilical cord milking compared with immediate cord clamping in extremely preterm deliveries reduces the need for neonatal red blood cell transfusion.Study design:Women ...
Berardi Alberto - - 2013
To identify the source of postnatal colonization with group B Streptococcus (GBS) and to evaluate the impact of intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis (IAP) administration in newborn infant transmission. A prospective, longitudinal study evaluated GBS colonization in 160 mother-baby pairs. Specimens were collected from the time of delivery to 8 weeks post-partum, from ...
Nelson S S Department of Community Dentistry, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA. - - 2013
Birth cohort studies of developmental defects of enamel (DDE) and early childhood caries (ECC) in very low birthweight (VLBW) and normal birthweight (NBW) infants are rare. In this birth cohort of 234 VLBW and 234 NBW infants, we report the incidence of ECC and DDE at 8 and 18-20 mos ...
König Kai - - 2013
Abstract Objective: Non-invasive ventilation is increasingly used as first-line management of respiratory distress syndrome in preterm infants to avoid the lung-damaging effects of mechanical ventilation. We hypothesised that even a short period of mechanical ventilation following surfactant treatment would increase the rate of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Methods: Retrospective study including preterm ...
Ercan Tugba Erener - - 2013
The resurgence of pertussis has resulted in an increased morbidity and mortality, especially among young infants. The aim of our study was to determine the antibody concentrations against pertussis antigens in cord and maternal blood in both preterm and term infant-mother pairs and to evaluate the efficacy of transplacental antibody ...
Ishii Hiroki - - 2013
Purpose: The aims of the current study were to compare changes in cerebral and systemic perfusion in appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) and small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants immediately after birth. Methods: Cerebral blood volume (CBV), cerebral Hb oxygen saturation (cSO2) and cerebral fractional tissue oxygen extraction (cFTOE) among 57 AGA infants and 30 SGA ...
Guo Yu - - 2013
Preterm birth is the leading cause of death for newborn infants, and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is commonly used to induce preterm delivery in experimental animals. Pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) are widespread and occur in foods, herbs, and other plants. This study was to investigate the synergistic effects of LPS and two representative ...
Nicolson Susan - - 2013
The purpose of this study is to test a brief, attachment intervention added to routine maternity care that aims to improve the adolescent mother-infant relationship during transition to motherhood. A pre-test, post-test, peer-control-group trial was set in a large tertiary maternity hospital in Melbourne, Australia. Participants were multi-cultural, pregnant adolescents ...
Khan Waqas Ullah - - 2013
To investigate whether the recommended dietary intake of Ca in anaemic infants compromises the expected Hb response, via home fortification with a new Ca- and Fe-containing Sprinkles™ micronutrient powder (MNP). A double-blind, randomized controlled, 2-month trial was conducted in Bangladesh. Infants were randomized to one of two MNP intervention groups ...
Ozkiraz Servet - - 2013
Purpose: To evaluate the safety of peripherally inserted central venous catheters (PICCs) and their complications in critically ill premature neonates.
Methods: A retrospective collection of data of infants with very low birth weight (VLBW) who underwent PICC placement over a 2-year period. Gestational age, birth weight (BW), sex, site of catheter ...
Smith Jacqueline - - 2013
Purpose: The primary aim of the study was to evaluate whether the application of a plastic wrap immediately after birth is more effective than the standard care of temperature management for improving admission temperatures to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) in infants <30 weeks gestation.Design: A randomized controlled trial ...
Barr Gavin C GC - - 2013
Classes in infant cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) can be time consuming and costly. To determine whether mothers in an obstetric unit could learn infant CPR by using a 22-minute instructional kit and to assess the value and confidence they gained by learning CPR. Design: Quasi-experimental study with enrollment between January and ...
Celik Istemi Han - - 2013
Citrulline, a nonprotein amino acid, is an intermediate of the urea cycle and synthesized in small intestine. Lower plasma citrulline levels were associated with reduced function of enterocytes. Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) causes high morbidity and mortality, and leads impaired intestinal functions. Plasma citrulline levels of neonates with a gestational age ...
Sun Song - - 2013
Biliary atresia (BA) is one of the most common and perplexing causes of neonatal cholestasis. Each year many cases of neonatal cholestasis are misdiagnosed as BA, resulting in unnecessary exploratory surgery. Therefore, the aim of our study was to analyze the clinical features and parameters that contribute to the misdiagnosis ...
Schmid Manuel B - - 2013
Intracranial hemorrhage occurs in 20% to 25% of neonates born before the 30(th) week of gestation or weighing less than 1500 grams at birth. These hemorrhages carry a risk of long-term neurocognitive damage. Measures for lowering the incidence of intracranial hemorrhage were evaluated. A working group at the University of ...
Nishi Eri - - 2013
Infants are known to suckle and ingest breast milk by wrapping the tongue around a nipple, writhing the tongue, and pressing the nipple. However, the dynamic mechanisms of tongue movement are still obscure, and factors related to sucking difficulties of infants are not well understood. We developed an artificial nipple ...
Bernal María José - - 2013
Infant cereals are often the elected foodstuff for beginning complementary feeding and provide carbohydrates which are different to those found in maternal milk. The objective of this preliminary study was to ascertain the colonic effects of two infant cereals, with different carbohydrate profiles, in a randomised and double-blind trial in ...
Aliefendioglu Didem - - 2013
Sepsis is an important cause of neonatal death and perinatal brain damage, particularly in preterm infants. It is thought that activation of the inflammatory cascade triggered by cytokine might play a role in the pathogenesis of sepsis. Recent evidence supports a role for resistin in inflammation. There are no data ...
Paul Saritha - - 2013
Poractant alfa and beractant are the commonly used animal derived surfactants in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome. Between 2005 and 2007, poractant alfa and beractant were alternated every month in our neonatal intensive care unit for 27 months. The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of ...
Palmer Debra J DJ School of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia. - - 2013
Observational studies suggest that early regular ingestion of allergenic foods might reduce the risk of food allergy. We sought to determine whether early regular oral egg exposure will reduce subsequent IgE-mediated egg allergy in infants with moderate-to-severe eczema. In a double-blind, randomized controlled trial infants were allocated to 1 teaspoon ...
Mangani Charles - - 2013
Low nutritional value of complementary foods is associated with high incidence of childhood growth stunting in low-income countries. This study was done to test a hypothesis that dietary complementation with lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS) promotes linear growth and reduces the incidence of severe stunting among at-risk infants. A total of ...
Giannì Maria Lorella - - 2013
Abstract Objective: The health benefits provided by breast milk are significant in preterm infants. Despite recommendations, rates of breastfeeding in preterm infants are lower than in term infants. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a multidisciplinary intervention in promoting any breastfeeding in preterm infants at ...
Azzopardi Denis - - 2014
The amplitude integrated EEG (aEEG) is reputed to be one of the best predictors of neurological outcome following hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy in term newborns and was used to select infants into trials of neuroprotection with hypothermia, but its predictive value and the effect of moderate hypothermia on the aEEG have ...
Fan Wenguang - - 2013
The gastrointestinal microbiota plays a crucial role in the health and disease of the host through its impact on nutrition. Gut microbial composition is related to different diets, but an association of microbiota with different diets in infant has not yet been shown. In this work, we compared the fecal ...
Rzehak Peter - - 2013
The interplay of genetic and nutritional regulation of the insulin-like growth factor-I axis in children is unclear. Therefore, potential gene-nutrient effects on serum levels of the IGF-I axis in a formula feeding trial were studied. European multicenter randomized clinical trial of 1090 term, formula-fed infants assigned to receive cow's milk-based ...
Fava Eswen - - 2013
Numerous studies have provided clues about the ontogeny of lateralization of auditory processing in humans, but most have employed specific subtypes of stimuli and/or have assessed responses in discrete temporal windows. The present study used near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) to establish changes in hemodynamic activity in the neocortex of preverbal infants ...
Oswari Hanifah - - 2013
AIM: The composition of faecal microbiota of babies is known to be influenced by diet. Faecal calprotectin and α1-antitrypsin concentrations may be associated with mucosal permeability and inflammation. We aimed to assess whether there was any difference after consumption of a probiotic/prebiotic formula on faecal microbiota composition, calprotectin and α1-antitrypsin ...
Michel George F - - 2013
Handedness for acquiring objects was assessed monthly from 6 to 14 months in 328 infants (182 males). A group based trajectory model identified 3 latent groups with different developmental trajectories: those with an identifiable right preference (38%) or left preference (14%) and those without an identifiable preference (48%) but with ...
Kenny Maeve - - 2013
Maternal severe mental illness (SMI) disrupts mother-infant interaction in the immediate postpartum and is associated with less than optimal offspring development. In-patient mother and baby units (MBUs) provide the opportunity of supporting mothers with SMI in developing their relationships with their infants in order to minimise this disruption. One way ...
Ohls Robin K RK Department of Pediatrics, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA. - - 2013
A novel erythropoiesis stimulating agent (ESA), darbepoetin alfa (Darbe), increases hematocrit in anemic adults when administered every 1 to 3 weeks. Weekly Darbe dosing has not been evaluated in preterm infants. We hypothesized that infants would respond to Darbe by decreasing transfusion needs compared with placebo, with less-frequent dosing than ...
Parry Michael - - 2013
AIM: We aimed to determine, in full-term newborns born between 2000 and 2499 g, what proportion develop problems or the need for interventions that would likely require admission to a special care nursery (SCN) (i.e. needed an intravenous line (IV) or a nasogastric tube (NGT). METHODS: A multicentre, retrospective audit of ...
Erickson Sarah J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Parental "scaffolding" behavior has been associated with developmental outcomes in at-risk children. AIMS: Because there are limited empirical data regarding how scaffolding is associated with emotion-based developmental skills, the purpose of this study was to compare associations between maternal verbal scaffolding and toddler emotion regulation, including fewer displays of ...
Sun Huiqing - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: Mechanical ventilation and surfactants are the standard treatment of preterm respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). The effects of the primary ventilation model on bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and long-term neurodevelopment outcomes are controversial. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) and ...
Butler T J - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:To assess how a standard practice for nutrition support in very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates would impact on their hospital course.STUDY DESIGN:This was a prospective, single center, before vs after comparison of a non-standardized approach to nutrition in VLBW neonates to a standardized approach. Standardization of feeding initiation, feeding ...
Savini Sara - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Elevated plasma phytosterol concentrations are an untoward effect of parenteral nutrition (PN) with vegetable oil-based lipid emulsions (LEs). Phytosterols are elevated in neonatal cholestasis, but the relation remains controversial. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to study the effect of 5 LEs on plasma phytosterols in preterm infants. DESIGN: One hundred ...
Thoren Emelie Maria - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To qualitatively evaluate the content of communication in Facebook communities dedicated to preterm infants. DESIGN: The 25 largest public English-language Facebook groups focusing on preterm infants were identified. For each group, the 20 most recent wallposts and a maximum of the 15 first comments to these wallposts, and the ...
Koestler Devin C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There is increasing epidemiologic evidence that arsenic exposure in utero, even at low levels found throughout much of the world, is associated with adverse reproductive outcomes and may contribute to long-term health effects. Animal models, in vitro studies, and human cancer data suggest that arsenic may induce epigenetic alterations, ...
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