Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1781
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Gerull Roland - - 2013
AIM: To compare the influence of three different non-pharmacologic interventions on cortical activation, heart rate and peripheral oxygen saturation (SaO2 ) after heelstick in preterm infants. METHODS: 25 preterm infants between 24 0/7 and 32 0/7 weeks of gestational age were randomized to either oral sucrose (S), facilitated tucking (FT) ...
Goudjil Sabrina - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Hemodynamic disorders in patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) may alter the stimulation of the autonomic nervous system. AIM: The objective of this study was to analyze the orthosympathetic-parasympathetic balance in preterm infants with PDA. STUDY DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: Patients were included from consecutive admissions to Amiens University Hospital from 2009 ...
Chan Hsien - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:Timolol maleate 0.5% gel is a safe and effective medication for treating superficial infantile hemangiomas (IHs) in infants with a median age of 9 weeks.METHODS:Forty-one infants who had superficial IHs without ulceration and not near mucosal surfaces were recruited and randomly assigned to placebo and treatment (timolol maleate 0.5% gel) ...
Panda Shasanka S - - 2013
We conducted this study to assess the value of presence of hernia sac in prediction of postoperative outcome in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Data were obtained form medical records of 70 children operated for CDH between 2002-12. Postoperative neonatal death occurred in 1/10 (10%) of infants with a hernia sac ...
- - 2013
The clinically appropriate range for oxygen saturation in preterm infants is unknown. Previous studies have shown that infants had reduced rates of retinopathy of prematurity when lower targets of oxygen saturation were used. In three international randomized, controlled trials, we evaluated the effects of targeting an oxygen saturation of 85 ...
Holman Shaina Devi - - 2013
Infant mammalian feeding consists of rhythmic suck cycles and reflexive pharyngeal swallows. Although we know how oropharyngeal sensation influences the initiation and frequency of suck and swallow cycles, the role of palatal sensation is unknown. We implanted EMG electrodes into the mylohyoid muscle (MH), a muscle active during suckling, and ...
Neu Madalynn - - 2013
: The purpose of this randomized, controlled trial was to determine if nurse-supported kangaroo holding of healthy preterm infants in the first 8 weeks of the infant's life facilitates early behavioral organization and development. : We randomized 87 infants born between 32 and 35 weeks gestation and their mothers to ...
Jiang Yiyan - - 2013
To investigate the clinic effectiveness, safety and feasibility of Narcotrend® monitor for evaluation of depth of anesthesia in congenital heart disease (CHD) infants undergoing cardiac surgery. A total of 80 infants receiving general anesthesia in selective surgery were randomly selected. Infants were assigned into two groups (n=40 per group). In ...
Gallo Sina - - 2013
Vitamin D supplementation in infancy is required to support healthy bone mineral accretion. A supplement of 400 IU of vitamin D per day is thought to support plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) concentrations between 40 and 50 nmol/L; some advocate 75 to 150 nmol/L for bone health. To investigate the efficacy ...
Jiang Yiyan Y MD, Cardiovascular Institution of Jinan Military General Hospital, Jinan, China. Electronic address: - - 2013
To investigate the clinic effectiveness, safety and feasibility of Narcotrend® monitor for evaluation of depth of anesthesia in congenital heart disease (CHD) infants undergoing cardiac surgery. A total of 80 infants receiving general anesthesia in selective surgery were randomly selected. Infants were assigned into two groups (n = 40 per ...
Imai Makiko - - 2013
Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) imaging studies have revealed the functional development of the human brain in early infancy. By measuring spontaneous fluctuations in cerebral blood oxygenation with NIRS, we can examine the developmental status of the functional connectivity of networks in the cortex. However, it has not been clarified whether premature ...
Welzing Lars - - 2013
Background: Short-acting opioids like remifentanil are suspected of an increased risk for tolerance, withdrawal and opioid-induced hyperalgesia (OIH). These potential adverse effects have never been investigated in neonates. Objectives: To compare remifentanil and fentanyl concerning the incidence of tolerance, withdrawal and OIH. Methods: 23 mechanically ventilated infants received up to ...
Cerritelli Francesco - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The use of osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) in preterm infants has been documented and results from previous studies suggest the association between OMT and length of stay (LOS) reduction, as well as significant improvements in several clinical outcomes. The aim of the present study is to investigate the effect ...
Blais Lucie - - 2013
PURPOSE: To assess the validity of the diagnostic codes of congenital malformations (CMs) recorded in two of Québec's administrative databases. METHODS: A cohort of pregnancies and infants born to asthmatic and non-asthmatic women in 1990-2002 was reconstructed using Québec's administrative databases. From this cohort, we selected 269 infants with a ...
Arslan Derya - - 2013
Abstract Objective The aim of this study was to examine the whether (Asymmetric dimethylarginine) ADMA concentrations are associated with ventricular function in the infant of mothers with gestational diabetes. Methods Twenty-five term newborns of mothers with gestational diabetes and term newborns as the control group (n=25) with normal general health ...
Bevilacqua Francesca - - 2013
Objective To describe short-term neurodevelopmental outcome of infants operated on for congenital anomalies (CA) and assess the impact of type of CA on the outcome.Study Design From 2008 to 2010 newborns operated on for CA were enrolled in a cross-sectional follow-up study including three distinct groups: infants of 6 months ...
Mine Kenji - - 2013
AIM: Hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (hsPDA) is frequently observed in premature infants. This study was conducted to explore whether the blood BNP can be a valuable biomarker to assess the necessity of treatment for hsPDA in premature infants. METHODS: Serial measurements of the blood BNP were performed during the ...
Salonen Anne H - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: this study evaluates how an internet-based intervention affects mothers' parenting satisfaction, infant centrality and depressive symptoms. DESIGN: a quasi-experimental design and repeated measures were used. SETTINGS: this study was conducted in two Finnish public maternity hospitals (intervention/control). PARTICIPANTS: a convenience sample (N=1300) of primiparous and multiparous Finnish-speaking mothers were ...
Schwartzman David - - 2013
AIMS: To examine morphology and mechanical properties of the atrial 'intima', which we defined as the tissue interposed between atrial endocardium and myocardium, in patients without known cardiovascular disease.METHODS AND RESULTS: Post-mortem right and left atrial tissue was obtained from male infants (<1 year, n = 4), children (10-19 years, ...
Kotecha Sarah J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence suggests that preterm birth affects later lung function. We systematically reviewed the literature to determine whether percentage predicted forced expiratory volume in 1 s (%FEV1) is lower in later life in preterm-born subjects, with or without bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), compared with term-born controls. METHODS: Studies reporting %FEV1, ...
Murthy Krishna R - - 2013
PURPOSE: To identify and compare the profile of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in premature babies in urban and semiurban neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). METHODS: A prospective study of babies admitted to NICUs of two urban and seven semiurban centres. They were <36 weeks of gestational age and were subjected ...
Sharp Nicole E - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of Hirschsprung disease (HD) in the premature infant population is not well documented. However, delayed passage of stool is common in premature infants, and suction rectal biopsy (SRB) is often used to evaluate for HD in this population. The use of SRB is unknown. Therefore, we evaluated ...
Maycock Bruce - - 2013
Background:Studies have identified numerous factors affecting breastfeeding initiation and duration, including maternal education, mode of delivery, birth weight, socioeconomic status, and support of the infant's father.Objective:The objective was to investigate the effects of an antenatal education session and postnatal support targeted to fathers.Methods:The Fathers Infant Feeding Initiative (FIFI Study) is ...
Kanemaru Nao - - 2013
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the characteristics of spontaneous movements in preterm infants at term age and developmental delay at 3 years of age. METHOD: We analysed video recordings of the spontaneous movements in the supine position of 124 preterm infants (44 males, 80 ...
Miller S M - - 2013
Objective:The objective of this study was to determine the effect of incrementally higher doses of iron on the zinc protoporphyrin to heme ratio (ZnPP/H) and serum ferritin, and developmental outcomes in premature infants at risk for iron deficiency.Study Design:Infants eligible for this prospective, randomized blinded trial were between 27 and ...
Baker Brenda - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To compare maternal competence and responsiveness in mothers of late preterm infants (LPIs) with mothers of full-term infants. DESIGN: A nonexperimental repeated-measures design was used to compare maternal competence and responsiveness in two groups of postpartum mothers and the relationship of the theoretical antecedents to these outcomes. SETTING: Urban ...
Otsuka Keiko - - 2013
Breastfeeding self-efficacy interventions are important for improving breastfeeding outcomes. However, the circumstances that may influence the effectiveness of the interventions are unclear, especially in the context of hospitals with suboptimal infant feeding practices. Thus, we aimed to evaluate the effect of a self-efficacy intervention on breastfeeding self-efficacy and exclusive breastfeeding, ...
Ellis C L - - 2013
Objective:To investigate the impact of probiotic Bifidobacterium longum ssp. infantis on the fecal microbiota and plasma cytokines in neonates with congenital heart disease.Study design:Sixteen infants with congenital heart disease were randomly assigned to receive either B. infantis (4.2 × 10(9) colony-forming units two times daily) or placebo for 8 weeks. ...
Gungorduk Kemal - - 2013
Objective To determine whether maternal vitamin C and vitamin E supplementation after the premature rupture of membranes is associated with an increase in the latency period before delivery.Methods In the present prospective open randomized trial, 229 pregnant women with preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) at ≥ 24.0 and < ...
Zhou Yue - - 2013
Abstract Background: The variability of particle deposition in infant and child nasal airways is significant due to the airway geometry and breathing rate. Estimation of particle deposition in the nasal airway of this age group is necessary, especially for inhalation drug delivery application. Previous studies on nasal aerosol deposition were ...
Glinianaia Svetlana V - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Birthweight and gestational age are associated with socioeconomic deprivation, but the evidence in relation to temporal changes in these associations is sparse. We investigated changes in the associations between socioeconomic status (SES) and birthweight and gestational age in Newcastle upon Tyne, North of England, during 1961-2000. METHODS: We used ...
Agne-Djigo Anta - - 2013
Exclusive breast-feeding until 6 months is advised by the WHO as the best practice to feed infants. Yet, some studies have suggested a gap between energy requirements and the energy provided by human milk for many infants at 6 months. In order to assess the adequacy of WHO recommendations in ...
Ritz Nicole - - 2013
Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) is one of the most commonly administered vaccines worldwide. In addition to protection against tuberculosis (TB), evidence suggests that BCG immunisation has a number of additional beneficial non-specific immunological effects. These include a reduction in overall infant and child mortality attributable to causes other than TB in ...
Ancora Gina - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the analgesic superiority and the safety equivalence of continuous fentanyl infusions versus fentanyl boluses in preterm infants on mechanical ventilation. STUDY DESIGN: In this multicenter, double-blind, randomized controlled trial, mechanically ventilated newborns (≤32(+6) weeks gestational age) were randomized to fentanyl (continuous infusion of fentanyl plus open-label boluses ...
Vento Giovanni - - 2013
Background.Candida mannan (Mn) detection in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was shown to be useful for earlier identification and preemptive therapy targeting in preterm infants at high risk of invasive candida infection (ICI). We investigated whether early detection of Candida Mn in BALF is associated with the presence of some neutrophilic ...
Linder Nechama - - 2013
ABSTRACT Objective: The ability to predict birth trauma (BT) based on the currently recognized risk factors is limited and there is little information regarding the short-term neonatal outcome following BT. we aimed to identify risk factors for BT and to evaluate the effect of BT on short term neonatal outcome. ...
Mitsiakos George - - 2013
ABSTRACT Antenatal Steroids (AS) have been shown to enhance fetal maturation in preterms and to improve outcome. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of AS in premature severely IUGR infants. The electronic data of 149 inborn, single infants born 24 to 31 6/7 wks of GA ...
Atas Erman - - 2013
The daily supplementation of vitamin D is mandatory for infants. However, there are still conflicting opinions about the exact daily dose. Thus, we aimed to evaluate a daily supplementation dose of 200 IU is sufficient and compared the supplementation doses of 200 and 400 IU per day. One hundred and sixty-nine infants ...
Drysdale Simon B - - 2013
Do rhinovirus lower respiratory tract infections (RV) LRTIs in prematurely born infants increase health related cost of care during infancy? Patients and methods: 153 infants born <36 weeks of gestation were prospectively followed to one year. Cost of care was calculated from the NHS reference costing scheme and health care ...
Sleed Michelle - - 2013
Mothers in prison represent a high-risk parenting population. New Beginnings is an attachment-based group intervention designed specifically for mothers and babies in prison. This cluster randomized trial examined the outcomes for 88 mothers and babies participating in the New Beginnings program and 75 dyads residing in prisons where the intervention ...
Roy Swati Sarbani - - 2013
To determine whether a women's group intervention involving participatory learning and action has a sustainable and replicable effect on neonatal survival in rural, eastern India. From 2004 to 2011, births and neonatal deaths in 36 geographical clusters in Jharkhand and Odisha were monitored. Between 2005 and 2008, these clusters were ...
Kavšek Michael - - 2013
Continuous color changes of an array of elements appear to stop changing if the array undergoes a coherent motion. This silencing illusion was demonstrated for adults by Suchow and Alvarez (Current Biology, 2011, vol. 21, pp. 140-143). The current forced-choice preferential looking study examined 4-month-old infants' sensitivity to the silencing ...
Manzanares Sebastián - - 2013
Objective: To evaluate the perinatal outcome of intrauterine growth-restricted preterm twins and contribution of prematurity to morbidity and mortality. Study design: A case-control study of 211 preterm twins: 108 growth-restricted twins matched with 103 normal growth twins of the same gestational age. Mortality and morbidity rates were compared between groups. ...
Soleimani Farin - - 2013
Cerebral palsy (CP) is one of the main disabilities in term-born infants. This study attempts to investigate the maternal and neonatal factors associated with CP. This case-control study consisted of singleton term and near-term (36 or more weeks of gestation) newborns in Tehran health-care centers and was conducted over a ...
Snapp Barbara - - 2013
Bordetella pertussis is a highly contagious bacterial disease currently on the rise in the United States. The most vulnerable age group is infants younger than 1 year old. The reasons for the current outbreak are multifactorial. The following is a case report describing a recent case of Bordetella pertussis infection ...
Wolfe Katherine - - 2013
Objective Quantify neonatal morbidity by week of gestation for twins compared with singletons.Study Design We performed a population-based retrospective cohort study of all Ohio births from 2006 to 2007. Composite neonatal morbidity consisting of Apgar score < 7 at 5 minutes, assisted ventilation > 6 hours, neonatal transport, or seizures ...
Ozaydın Eda - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To investigate association between vitamin D status and recurrent wheezing in infants. METHODS: Thirty infants with recurrent wheezing and 45 healthy, similar aged infants without any history of acute or chronic illness were included in the study. The clinical features of infants were recorded and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] ...
Langerock N - - 2013
The present study evaluated the socio-emotional development of very preterm born infants at 12 months corrected age. Forty-one infants born very preterm (<29 weeks of gestation) were compared to 22 infants born full term on a standardized behavioral assessment and a parental temperament questionnaire, both measuring emotional reactivity to joy, ...
Suguna Narasimhulu Sukumar - - 2013
Objective. Our hypothesis is that specific proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory urinary cytokines are useful in the diagnostic evaluation of risk for sepsis in term neonates. We conducted a pilot, prospective hospital-based longitudinal observational study to test the urine of term neonates with a 13 biomarker panel of cytokines. Methods. Infants were ...
Kawaguchi Takashi - - 2013
We report a case of sudden unexpected death due to late onset neonatal group B streptococcal sepsis. A male neonate weighing 2731g was born at 35week gestational age, and discharged at the age of 4days after the birth. At 6days after the discharge (10days after the birth), because of consciousness ...
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >