Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1961
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Field David D DM, Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, 22-28 Princess Rd West, Leicester, UK. - - 2013
Despite evidence to support the use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in defined groups of newborn infants, rates of impairment among survivors remain high. Therapeutic hypothermia has been shown to provide neuroprotection in mature infants exposed to perinatal asphyxia. We hypothesized that therapeutic hypothermia during ECMO would reduce the proportion ...
Soares Daniele de Almeida - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a short bout of practice on reaching behavior in late preterm infants at the onset of goal-directed reaching. The study was designed as a blind, three-arm parallel-group, randomized controlled, clinical trial. Thirty-six late preterm infants were recruited from a ...
Paine Simon Ml - - 2013
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is a leading cause of post-neonatal infant death in the developed world. The cause of SIDS is unknown but several hypotheses have been proposed, including the 'triple risk hypothesis', which predicts that fetal development of infants who subsequently succumb to SIDS is abnormal, leaving them ...
Wilinska M - - 2013
This study was undertaken to document the real impact of a directed shift in the standard of neonatal practice to a pervasive use of noninvasive respiratory support. Before-after observational study. All 18 neonatal ICUs in the capital region of Poland. Every infant admitted to a neonatal ICU who received respiratory ...
Krieger Nancy N Nancy Krieger, Jarvis T. Chen, and Pamela D. Waterman are with the Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA. Brent Coull is with the Department of Biostatistics, Harvard School of Public Health. Jason Beckfield is with the Department of Sociology, Harvard University, Cambridge, - - 2013
We explored associations between the abolition of Jim Crow laws (i.e., state laws legalizing racial discrimination overturned by the 1964 US Civil Rights Act) and birth cohort trends in infant death rates. We analyzed 1959 to 2006 US Black and White infant death rates within and across sets of states ...
Underwood Mark A - - 2013
To determine the impact of increasing doses of two prebiotic oligosaccharides and the impact of an "all-human diet" on the intestinal microbiota of premature infants. Twelve premature infants receiving formula feedings were randomly assigned to receive either galacto-oligosaccharide (F+GOS) or a pooled concentrated donor human milk product containing human milk ...
Wang Xiao-Fang - - 2013
Human milk provides infants with various immune molecules. The objective of the present study was to measure human β-defensin-1 (hBD-1) and human β-defensin-2 (hBD-2) levels in the colostrum and mature milk of healthy Han Chinese, to identify factors regulating milk hBD-1 and hBD-2 expression and to explore the potential protective ...
Whitehead Nicole - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare the neurodevelopment of HIV-infected (HI) infants in combination with antiretroviral therapy also known as HAART (highly active antiretroviral therapy) to HIV-exposed uninfected (HEU) infants. Twenty-seven HIV infected and 29 HEU infants under the age of one year attending the Empilweni Clinic at ...
Luoto Raakel - - 2013
Simple and safe strategies for the prevention of viral respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are needed. We hypothesized that early prebiotic or probiotic supplementation would reduce the risk of virus-associated RTIs during the first year of life in a cohort of preterm infants. In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial (ClinicalTrials.gov no. NCT00167700), ...
Castellani C - - 2013
This study aimed to determine the causes of postoperative emesis (PE) in neonates with infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) after laparoscopic pyloromyotomy (LP). Retrospective review of the hospital database for infants with IHPS managed between 2000-2010 was performed. Relevant data was collected from the clinical records in the Medocs(®) system ...
Pivik R T - - 2013
Relationships between early postnatal diet and the development of cardiac regulation were studied using resting vagal tone and heart period measures obtained quarterly during infancy and at 2years in 158 breast-fed, 159 milk formula-fed, and 148 soy formula-fed infants. Both measures increased across time for all groups. Heart period was ...
Lamberska Tereza - - 2013
To evaluate the heart rate (HR) and oxygen saturation (SpO2) at 15-second intervals within 60 seconds after incremental increases of fractional inspired oxygen (FiO2) during resuscitation of infants younger than 29 weeks requiring two different forms of ventilatory support. Retrospective observational study. Forty-three infants were stabilized, 14 by continuous positive ...
Aarthi J - - 2013
To assess the cariogenic potential of cow's milk, human milk and infant formulas in comparison to sucrose in animal models. Electronic search of the following databases were undertaken: PubMed-MEDLINE, MeSH and ingentaconnect. In addition, the reference lists of all eligible studies were searched. Characteristics such as animal species were used; ...
Chowdhury Olie - - 2013
Background: During volume-targeted ventilation (VTV), a constant volume is delivered with each ventilator inflation. Objectives: To determine whether VTV compared to pressure-limited ventilation (PLV) reduced the time to reach weaning criteria in prematurely born infants with acute respiratory distress, and if any difference was explained by better respiratory muscle strength ...
Krajewski PaweĊ‚ - - 2013
Abstract Aim: Aim of study was to assess concentrations of interleukin-6 (Il-6), interleukin-8 (Il-8), and interleukin-18 (Il-18) in the serum of newborns with diagnosed intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) in comparison to concentrations in serum of newborns with weight appropriate for gestational age (AGA). Material: Research was conducted at the Lodz ...
Beier Jonathan S - - 2013
Four experiments investigated whether infants and adults infer that a novel entity that interacts in a contingent, communicative fashion with an experimenter is itself an intentional agent. The experiments contrasted the hypothesis that such an inference follows from amodal representations of the contingent interaction alone with the hypothesis that features ...
Planalp Elizabeth M - - 2013
The degree to which parent sensitivity and infant temperament distinguish attachment classification was examined. Multilevel modeling was used to assess the effect of parent sensitivity and infant temperament on infant-mother and infant-father attachment. Data were collected from mothers, fathers, and their infants (N=135) when the infant was 3-, 5-, 7-, ...
Park Hyun-Kyung - - 2013
Abstract Aim: To determine the clinical characteristics and safety of kangaroo mother care (KMC) according to the gestational age (GA) or postmenstrual age (PMA). Methods: We conducted a prospective clinical study in 31 infants between 25 and 32 weeks' GA. The subjects were categorized into two groups (25-28 weeks' and ...
Lim Gina - - 2013
To determine the feasibility of discontinuing thyroid hormone treatment earlier than recommended by the current guidelines for congenital hypothyroidism. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants born at Chungbuk National University Hospital from January 2006 to December 2010. Infants were divided into two groups ...
Macko Jozef - - 2013
To assess the use of skin conductance as an objective measure of pain in infants of different gestational age. A second aim was to investigate the relationship between skin conductivity and selected physiological and behavioural variables (oxygen saturation, heart rate and behavioural state). Infants were divided according to gestational age into ...
Yu Quan - - 2013
This study evaluated the effectiveness of computer-aided design-nasoalveolar molding (CAD-NAM) on maxillary alveolar morphology in infants with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP). 15 infants with UCLP treated by CAD-NAM therapy composed the treatment group, and the control group consisted of 15 infants with non-presurgically treated UCLP. The maxillary morphology ...
Godfrey Kathleen - - 2013
The aim of this quality improvement initiative was to improve the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission rectal temperatures of premature infants less than 28 weeks' gestation by placing them in an occlusive bag from the neck down immediately after birth. The historical control group consisted of a convenience sample ...
McIntyre Sarah - - 2013
To examine the antecedents of cerebral palsy and of perinatal death in singletons born at or after 35 weeks of gestation. From a total population of singletons born at or after 35 weeks of gestation, we identified 494 with cerebral palsy and 508 neonates in a matched control group, 100 ...
Lee Gyungjoo - - 2013
This study evaluated the attachment-based cognitive behavioral approach (ACBA) to enhance mother-infant interaction and infant mental health. This quasi-experimental study used a pre-posttest control group design. Participants were 40 low-income, mother-infant (infant ages 12-36 months) dyads, 20 dyads per group. The ACBA group received 10 weekly 90-min sessions. Dependent variables ...
Thomas Patricia E - - 2013
Infants born prematurely with respiratory distress syndrome are at high risk for complications from mechanical ventilation. Strategies are needed to minimize their days on the ventilator. The purpose of this study was to compare extubation success rates in infants treated with 2 different types of continuous positive airway pressure devices. ...
Ribeiro Laiane Medeiros LM University of Brasilia, Brasília, - - 2013
Ophthalmoscopy performed for the early diagnosis of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is painful for preterm infants, thus necessitating interventions for minimizing pain. The present study aimed to establish the effectiveness of human milk, compared with sucrose, for pain relief in premature infants subjected to ophthalmoscopy for the early diagnosis of ...
Abdel-Hafeez Ekhlas Hamed - - 2013
This study investigated the effect of breast-feeding in protection against protozoan infection in infants with persistent diarrhea. Infants were classified into 2 groups; 161 breast-fed infants and the same number of non-breast-fed infants. Microscopic examinations of stool were done for detection of parasites and measuring the intensity of infection. Moreover, ...
Cassuto Nino Guy - - 2013
Consistent evidence from meta-analysis has linked assisted conception by IVF, and particularly intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), with an increased risk of major birth defects. To compare the risk of major malformations of children born after standard ICSI and after intracytoplasmic injection of morphologically selected spermatozoa (IMSI), a prospective population-based study ...
Ofir Keren - - 2013
To evaluate whether early term labor induction for suspected intrauterine growth restriction (weeks 37-39) improves neonatal outcome for small-for-gestational-age (SGA) neonates. Delivery room data for 2004-2008 from a single tertiary medical center were linked to neonatal discharge data from the same institution. Data were limited to all singleton, liveborn SGA ...
Hong Heather A - - 2013
KIR2DS4 is the only activating gene within the A haplotype, and alleles of KIR2DS4 can encode either functional (KIR2DS4-f) or non-functional (KIR2DS4-v) variants. To establish the role of KIR2DS4 in the context of HIV-1 mother-to-child transmission, we KIR genotyped 145 HIV-1 non-transmitting mothers (NT) and their exposed uninfected infants (EU), ...
Bachnas Muhammad Adrianes - - 2013
Abstract Aim: To investigate the influence of antenatal magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) application on cord blood brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels - the first-line neuroprotection for preventing cerebral palsy in prematurely born infants. Subjects and methods: A randomized controlled trial was conducted by observing 72 pregnant women who were divided into ...
Squires Katharine A G - - 2013
Background: Pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE) is a common respiratory illness in preterm infants associated with significant morbidity and mortality for which the ventilatory management is imperfect. Objectives: To evaluate the impact of high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) with a low oscillatory frequency and thus prolonged expiratory time in preterm infants with ...
Kahramaner Zelal - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To determine the effect of unsynchronized nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation compared to continuous positive airway pressure in preterm infants after extubation. Methods: A total of 67 premature infants who were <35 weeks gestation and/or <2000 gram birth weight and received mechanical ventilation because of respiratory distress syndrome ...
Farhangniya Mansoureh M Department of Genetics at Reproductive Biomedicine Research Center, Royan Institute for Reproductive Biomedicine, ACECR, Tehran, Iran ; Department of Epidemiology and Statistic, Kerman University of Medical Science, Kerman, - - 2013
In many countries, 1 to 3% of newborn infants are conceived by assisted reproductive techniques (ART). Despite the success of ART, there is concern about the risk of congenital malformations among these infants. We report our experience to determine whether use of ART is associated with an increase in major ...
Lingappa Lokesh L Department of Pediatric Neurology, Rainbow Hospital for Women and Children, Hyderabad, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to describe a cohort of infants with basal ganglia stroke associated with mineralization in the lenticulostriate arteries and their clinical outcomes. Subcortical strokes occurring in infants during the study period were categorized as arterial ischaemic, venous, or haemorrhagic. A cohort of infants with basal ...
Demauro Sara B - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:Events in the delivery room significantly impact the outcomes of preterm infants. We developed evidence-based guidelines to prevent heat loss, reduce exposure to supplemental oxygen, and increase use of noninvasive respiratory support to improve the care and outcomes of infants with birth weight ≤1250 g at our institution.METHODS:The ...
Dilli Dilek - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:The goal was to investigate the effect of orally administered synbiotics on outcome of infants with cyanotic congenital heart disease (CCHD).METHODS:A prospective, blinded, randomized controlled trial was conducted to evaluate the effect of synbiotics on outcome of infants with CCHD. The infants with CCHD were assigned randomly to 2 groups. ...
Sue Baron Ida - - 2013
Objective: Late preterm birth increases risk of perinatal health complications that typically resolve in the short term. Thus, early elective delivery is thought to have no long-term effects. Whether there is increased risk of adverse psychological outcomes that emerge in early childhood remains uncertain. Method: The authors compared intellectual, neuropsychological, ...
Demirel Gamze - - 2013
To evaluate the efficacy of orally administered Saccharomyces boulardii (S. boulardii) for reducing the incidence and severity of necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) in very low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants. A prospective, randomised controlled trial was conducted in infants with gestational age ≤32 weeks and birth weight ≤1500 g. The study group received S. ...
Moore Amanda P - - 2013
To assess understanding of the Department of Health weaning guidelines and weaning influences in a self-selected sample of black and minority ethnic (BME) parents, residing in London. A face-to-face, questionnaire-facilitated survey among Black African, Black Caribbean and South Asian parents. An opportunistic sample of parents was recruited from Sure Start ...
Warnock Fay F - - 2013
Capacities for self-regulation that influence infant adaptation to noxious stimulation require investigation of changes in behavior over time. Prenatal exposure to maternal depression and anxiety (MDA) has been linked to altered infant pain reactivity, but findings are inconclusive about MDA dynamic impacts on recovery. This study quantified the temporal profile ...
Thompson-Booth Chloe C Division of Psychology and Language Sciences, University College London, - - 2014
Infant facial cues play a critical role in eliciting care and nurturance from an adult caregiver. Using an attentional capture paradigm we investigated attentional processing of adult and infant emotional facial expressions in a sample of mothers (n = 29) and non-mothers (n = 37) to determine whether infant faces were associated with greater ...
Thoresen Marianne - - 2013
Objective: Therapeutic hypothermia (HT) is the standard treatment for newborns after perinatal asphyxia. Preclinical studies report that HT is more effective when started early. Methods: Eighty cooled newborns were analyzed and grouped according to when cooling was started after birth: early (≤180 min) or late (>181 min). For survivors we ...
Terrin Gianluca - - 2013
Zinc plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of many diseases and in body growth. Preterm neonates have high zinc requirements. The objective of the study was to investigate the efficacy of zinc supplementation in reducing morbidity and mortality in preterm neonates and to promote growth. This was a prospective, ...
Tavsu Ismail - - 2013
Aim To evaluate the rehospitalization rates of premature infants who received palivizumab prophylaxis and its influence on the growth and development of these infants.Methods Infants with a gestational age of less than 32 weeks were randomized to receive prophylaxis with palivizumab (study group) or nothing (control group). Nasal swab samples ...
Unüvar Tolga - - 2013
Objective: Studies on the clinical course of children with hyperthyrotropinemia are scarce. We aimed to evaluate the role of presentation findings in such infants to predict eventual outcome.Methods: Files of infants diagnosed as suspicious congenital hypothyroidism (CH) in the neonatal or early infancy period in the past ten years were ...
Paul Jonathan A - - 2013
Developmental features of the P2 auditory ERP in a change detection paradigm were examined in infants prenatally exposed to methadone. Opiate dependent pregnant women maintained on methadone replacement therapy were recruited during pregnancy (N = 60). Current and historical alcohol and substance use, SES, and psychiatric status were assessed with a maternal ...
Zhao Dahang - - 2013
There is some disagreement about whether idiopathic congenital talipes equinovarus (CTEV) increases the risk of neonatal developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). This study aimed to investigate the incidence of DDH in our infants with idiopathic CTEV. We conducted an observational cohort study over a three-year period to assess the ...
Jonsson Maria - - 2013
Difficulties with feeding and eating are more common among pre-term infants compared with full-term infants. The primary objective of this study was to describe parents' perceptions of developmental eating patterns and occurrence of eating difficulties in a group of pre-term infants, compared with a control group. A parent questionnaire was ...
Shi Yuan - - 2013
To evaluate whether nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) compared with nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) decreases the requirement for endotracheal ventilation in preterm and term infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). This was a single center, randomized, controlled trial. A total of 179 preterm and term infants with ...
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