Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1925
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Lingappa Lokesh L Department of Pediatric Neurology, Rainbow Hospital for Women and Children, Hyderabad, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to describe a cohort of infants with basal ganglia stroke associated with mineralization in the lenticulostriate arteries and their clinical outcomes. Subcortical strokes occurring in infants during the study period were categorized as arterial ischaemic, venous, or haemorrhagic. A cohort of infants with basal ...
Demauro Sara B - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:Events in the delivery room significantly impact the outcomes of preterm infants. We developed evidence-based guidelines to prevent heat loss, reduce exposure to supplemental oxygen, and increase use of noninvasive respiratory support to improve the care and outcomes of infants with birth weight ≤1250 g at our institution.METHODS:The ...
Dilli Dilek - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:The goal was to investigate the effect of orally administered synbiotics on outcome of infants with cyanotic congenital heart disease (CCHD).METHODS:A prospective, blinded, randomized controlled trial was conducted to evaluate the effect of synbiotics on outcome of infants with CCHD. The infants with CCHD were assigned randomly to 2 groups. ...
Sue Baron Ida - - 2013
Objective: Late preterm birth increases risk of perinatal health complications that typically resolve in the short term. Thus, early elective delivery is thought to have no long-term effects. Whether there is increased risk of adverse psychological outcomes that emerge in early childhood remains uncertain. Method: The authors compared intellectual, neuropsychological, ...
Demirel Gamze - - 2013
To evaluate the efficacy of orally administered Saccharomyces boulardii (S. boulardii) for reducing the incidence and severity of necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) in very low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants. A prospective, randomised controlled trial was conducted in infants with gestational age ≤32 weeks and birth weight ≤1500 g. The study group received S. ...
Moore Amanda P - - 2013
To assess understanding of the Department of Health weaning guidelines and weaning influences in a self-selected sample of black and minority ethnic (BME) parents, residing in London. A face-to-face, questionnaire-facilitated survey among Black African, Black Caribbean and South Asian parents. An opportunistic sample of parents was recruited from Sure Start ...
Warnock Fay F - - 2013
Capacities for self-regulation that influence infant adaptation to noxious stimulation require investigation of changes in behavior over time. Prenatal exposure to maternal depression and anxiety (MDA) has been linked to altered infant pain reactivity, but findings are inconclusive about MDA dynamic impacts on recovery. This study quantified the temporal profile ...
Thompson-Booth Chloe C Division of Psychology and Language Sciences, University College London, - - 2014
Infant facial cues play a critical role in eliciting care and nurturance from an adult caregiver. Using an attentional capture paradigm we investigated attentional processing of adult and infant emotional facial expressions in a sample of mothers (n = 29) and non-mothers (n = 37) to determine whether infant faces were associated with greater ...
Thoresen Marianne - - 2013
Objective: Therapeutic hypothermia (HT) is the standard treatment for newborns after perinatal asphyxia. Preclinical studies report that HT is more effective when started early. Methods: Eighty cooled newborns were analyzed and grouped according to when cooling was started after birth: early (≤180 min) or late (>181 min). For survivors we ...
Terrin Gianluca - - 2013
Zinc plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of many diseases and in body growth. Preterm neonates have high zinc requirements. The objective of the study was to investigate the efficacy of zinc supplementation in reducing morbidity and mortality in preterm neonates and to promote growth. This was a prospective, ...
Tavsu Ismail - - 2013
Aim To evaluate the rehospitalization rates of premature infants who received palivizumab prophylaxis and its influence on the growth and development of these infants.Methods Infants with a gestational age of less than 32 weeks were randomized to receive prophylaxis with palivizumab (study group) or nothing (control group). Nasal swab samples ...
Unüvar Tolga - - 2013
Objective: Studies on the clinical course of children with hyperthyrotropinemia are scarce. We aimed to evaluate the role of presentation findings in such infants to predict eventual outcome.Methods: Files of infants diagnosed as suspicious congenital hypothyroidism (CH) in the neonatal or early infancy period in the past ten years were ...
Paul Jonathan A - - 2013
Developmental features of the P2 auditory ERP in a change detection paradigm were examined in infants prenatally exposed to methadone. Opiate dependent pregnant women maintained on methadone replacement therapy were recruited during pregnancy (N = 60). Current and historical alcohol and substance use, SES, and psychiatric status were assessed with a maternal ...
Zhao Dahang - - 2013
There is some disagreement about whether idiopathic congenital talipes equinovarus (CTEV) increases the risk of neonatal developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). This study aimed to investigate the incidence of DDH in our infants with idiopathic CTEV. We conducted an observational cohort study over a three-year period to assess the ...
Jonsson Maria - - 2013
Difficulties with feeding and eating are more common among pre-term infants compared with full-term infants. The primary objective of this study was to describe parents' perceptions of developmental eating patterns and occurrence of eating difficulties in a group of pre-term infants, compared with a control group. A parent questionnaire was ...
Shi Yuan - - 2013
To evaluate whether nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) compared with nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) decreases the requirement for endotracheal ventilation in preterm and term infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). This was a single center, randomized, controlled trial. A total of 179 preterm and term infants with ...
El-Ganzoury Mona M - - 2013
Abstract Objectives: To determine the effect of maternal antenatal administration of vitamin K1 on activity levels of vitamin K-dependent coagulation factors and on the occurrence of periventricular-intraventricular hemorrhage (PIVH). Methods: This study was conducted on 90 infants that were classified into; Group A: 30 preterm whose mothers received antenatal vitamin ...
Angulo-Barroso R M - - 2013
Infants at risk for neuromotor delay (NMD) are associated with premature birth and low birth weight. These infants frequently exhibit tone, posture, and movement abnormalities. Therefore, it is important to identify potential interventions to facilitate early motor development within this population. The purpose of this study was to examine the ...
Surmeli-Onay Ozge - - 2013
Data comparing the cutaneous side effects of light emitting diode (LED) phototherapy (LP) and conventional phototherapy (CP) devices in jaundiced newborn infants are very limited. We investigated the incidence and extent of skin eruptions caused by different phototherapy devices in preterm infants who are more prone to neonatal jaundice. This ...
Uezima Cristina Lika - - 2013
In preterm newborn infants transfused with erythrocytes stored up to 28 days, to compare the reduction of blood donor exposure in two groups of infants classified according to birth weight. A prospective study was conducted with preterm infants with birth weight <1000g (Group 1) and 1000-1499g (Group 2), born between ...
Cortes Castell E - - 2013
Background: Maternal age is a preponderant variable in the epidemiological analysis of the premature birth. Studies show that in the extreme ages of the maternal life there is a risk of premature birth that generates a high rate of neonatal morbidity. Objetives: Determine the effect on the extreme ages of ...
Ozdemir Hülya H Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Marmara University Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey. - - 2013
Iron deficiency anemia is a common problem in newborn infants. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends iron prophylaxis at 4 months of age for term infants. There is no specific recommendation for iron prophylaxis in late-preterm infants. We aimed to establish the optimum time for iron prophylaxis in late-preterm infants. ...
Akgül Sinem S Department of Pediatrics, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey. - - 2013
Newborn infants with maternal-fetal ABO incompatibility are at a greater risk for developing subsequent significant hyperbilirubinemia, and therefore, prediction of probable risk factors, such as the degree of hemolysis, gains importance. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effect of fetal-neonatal blood group on the severity of hemolysis and ...
Fottrell Edward E Institute for Global Health, University College London, - - 2013
Community-based interventions can reduce neonatal mortality when health systems are weak. Population coverage of target groups may be an important determinant of their effect on behavior and mortality. A women's group trial at coverage of 1 group per 1414 population in rural Bangladesh showed no effect on neonatal mortality, despite ...
Mano Roy - - 2013
To review the characteristics and treatment outcome of testicular torsion in infants, aged 1 month to 1 year, and compare them with those seen in neonates. The study group included 30 patients aged younger than 1 year who were treated for testicular torsion at a tertiary pediatric medical center between ...
Roth Daniel E - - 2013
To estimate the effects of prenatal vitamin D supplementation on infant growth in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Longitudinal follow-up of infants born at term or late preterm (≥34 weeks) to participants in a randomized double-blind trial of maternal third-trimester vitamin D3 (35 000 IU/wk; vitamin D ) vs placebo. Anthropometry was performed at ...
Rabinowicz Ron - - 2013
Cancer during the first year of life is relatively rare and often has clinical and biological properties different from those of the same histologic type of cancer occurring in older children. The aim of this study was to find differences in epidemiology and survival between infants and older children and ...
Underwood Mark A - - 2013
To determine the impact of 2 probiotic bifidobacteria on the fecal microbiota of premature infants fed either human milk or formula. In the first of two phase 1 clinical trials, 12 premature infants receiving formula feedings were assigned randomly to receive either Bifidobacterium longum ssp infantis or Bifidobacterium animalis ssp ...
Galán-Gónzalez Antonio F - - 2013
Abstract Objective: A study was made of the influence of breastfeeding and bottle feeding on development of the dental arches and occlusion in an infant population. Subjects and Methods: In total, 298 infants (163 girls and 135 boys) were selected from a series of 1,643 preschool children in Seville, Spain, ...
Ishizeki Shinobu - - 2013
The effects of administration of bifidobacteria on the intestinal microbiota in low-birth-weight infants, and the transition of each strain of administered bifidobacteria were investigated. A single strain of Bifidobacterium breve M-16V (5×10(8); one-species group) or a mixture of three species composed of B. breve M-16V, Bifidobacterium longum subsp. infantis M-63 ...
Smith Samuel - - 2013
Abstract Objectives To determine the incidence of uterine tachysystole (UT) and its association with neonatal depression or metabolic acidemia (DEP). Methods This retrospective study comprised all 6234 women at ≥37 weeks' gestation who were monitored during the last 4 hours of tracings before birth in an academic community hospital. DEP ...
Pawlik Dorota - - 2013
Background: Preliminary studies suggest that fish-oil lipid emulsion given parenterally to very preterm infants reduces the severity of retinopathy (ROP) and cholestasis. Methods: Infants weighing <1250 g at birth were randomly allocated to 2 groups: an experimental group of 60 infants that received an intravenous (IV) soybean, olive oil, and ...
White-Traut Rosemary - - 2013
While premature infants have a high need for positive interactions, both infants and their mothers are challenged by the infant's biological immaturity. This randomized clinical trial of 198 premature infants born at 29-34 weeks gestation and their mothers examined the impact of the H-HOPE (Hospital to Home: Optimizing the Infant's ...
Atkinson Leslie - - 2013
Findings regarding associations between maternal sensitivity and infant and mother adrenocortical function have been inconsistent. Nor have studies addressed the issue of intra-individual, between-challenge cortisol variability in the context of maternal sensitivity. In this study, we combine several design features aimed at sensitizing analyses to these issues. Cortisol secretion of ...
Olaya Gilma A - - 2013
Iron deficiency and poor linear growth are common in infants from deprived socioeconomic backgrounds and may be associated with inadequate complementary feeding (CF) practices. We tested the hypothesis that new CF guidelines emphasizing meat as a source of iron and zinc would improve linear growth, iron, and zinc status in ...
Smit Elisa - - 2013
Intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH) is a major complication of preterm birth. Large haemorrhages are associated with a high risk of disability and hydrocephalus. Instability of blood pressure and cerebral blood flow are postulated as causative factors. Another mechanism may involve reperfusion damage from oxygen free radicals. Phenobarbital has been suggested as ...
Durrmeyer Xavier - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:The European Union Nitric Oxide trial was designed to assess the potential benefits of inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) compared with placebo in infants with respiratory failure. This follow-up study evaluated respiratory, neurodevelopmental, and other outcomes for infants entered into the European Union Nitric Oxide trial to age 2 ...
Yamamoto Kazuyuki - - 2013
Several drugs, when used chronically in very preterm infants, are considered to be associated with the development of late-onset circulatory collapse (LCC), which can lead to neurodevelopmental impairment. Despite its clinical importance, conclusive risk factors for LCC have yet to be identified. The aim of the present study was to ...
Barbarots S - - 2013
It is not yet known whether the risk of developing atopic dermatitis (AD) is influenced by preterm birth. Moreover, AD risk has not been assessed in a large sample of extremely preterm infants (<29 weeks gestation). Here, we investigated the relationship between gestational age (GA) and AD using data from ...
Benor Shira - - 2013
Objective Oral probiotic supplementation reduces the risk of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in preterm infants. Concerns about safety and purity of probiotic preparations have limited their use in preterm infants. The authors administered probiotic bacteria to mothers of preterm infants, thereby avoiding the risks of direct exposure of infants to probiotic ...
Seo Won Hee - - 2013
In infants with febrile urinary tract infection (UTI), the accurate rapid diagnosis of acute pyelonephritis (APN) would be valuable because early aggressive treatment reduces the risk of renal scarring. The objective of the study was to evaluate whether rapid plasma neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) assay could be used as a ...
Sethi Sameer - - 2013
General anesthesia with opioids provides good perioperative analgesia in infantile ocular surgeries but is associated with the risk of respiratory depression and postoperative emesis. This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of subtenon block for providing perioperative analgesia in infants undergoing cataract surgeries. In this prospective, randomized, controlled, double-blinded trial, ...
Morag Iris - - 2013
The potential benefits and harms of different lighting in neonatal units have not been quantified. To compare the effectiveness of cycled lighting (CL) (approximately 12 hours of light on and 12 hours of light off) with irregularly dimmed light (DL) or near darkness (ND) and with continuous bright light (CBL) ...
Griffiths Silja T - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare findings on cerebral MRI scans of infants born extremely preterm (i.e., gestation < 28 weeks, very preterm; gestation 28-31 weeks) and at term. MRI scans obtained in a cohort of 29 extremely preterm children at 11 years, 51 very preterm young adults ...
Bocquet Alain - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to compare the effect of Bifidobacterium animalis subspecies lactis (B lactis) alone or with 90% galacto-oligosaccharide (GOS) and 10% fructo-oligosaccharide (FOS) on infections in infants. In a multicenter trial, healthy, term, newborn infants ages 42 days or younger whose mothers had decided not ...
Can Emrah E Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Sisli Children's Hospital, Istanbul, - - 2013
To evaluate early aggressive vs. conservative nutrition and its effect on Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) in <32 weeks of gestation neonates. A prospective, randomized, clinical study was conducted in NICU with a total of 75 preterm infants. In the intervention group, infants received early aggressive nutrition immediately after birth, in ...
Mohammadjafari Hamid H Molecular and Cell Biology Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, - - 2013
Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is an important disorder that could be diagnosed in antenatal or postnatal period. The natural history of VUR seems to be different between prenatal or postnatal forms of the disease. We compared the natural history and outcome of vesicoureteral reflux in infants less than one year old ...
Pärtty Anna - - 2013
To evaluate the impact of early prebiotic and probiotic intervention on preterm infants' well-being, crying, growth, and microbiological programming. Ninety-four preterm infants (gestational age 32-36 weeks and birth weight >1500 g) randomized to receive prebiotics (mixture of galacto-oligosaccharide and polydextrose 1:1), probiotics (Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG), or placebo during the first ...
Chakraborty Mallinath - - 2013
Background: Interleukin-6 (IL-6) signalling involves the interplay between IL-6, soluble IL-6 receptor (sIL-6R) and soluble gp130 (sgp130). IL-6 activity is modulated by the soluble receptors to produce both pro- and anti-inflammatory effects in human diseases and animal models. The expression and functional activity of these molecules in lungs of preterm ...
Kamlin C Omar F - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:Positive-pressure ventilation (PPV) using a manual ventilation device and a face mask is recommended for compromised newborn infants in the delivery room (DR). Mask ventilation is associated with airway obstruction and leak. A nasal tube is an alternative interface, but its safety and efficacy have not been tested in extremely ...
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >