Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1958
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Hayashida Kaori - - 2013
The aim of this study was to assess correlations between various factors and the physical and mental development of 4-month-old infants using a multi-faceted evaluation approach. A total of 1,402 self-administered questionnaires were distributed to consenting mothers of infants who had undergone a 4-month health checkup in Hiroshima prefecture, Japan. ...
Ting Yung-Tien - - 2013
To investigate the etiologies and antibiotic susceptibility of community-acquired bacteremia in infants in a medical center in northern Taiwan. We conducted a retrospective analysis of all blood cultures from infants in the National Taiwan University Hospital from 2002 to 2011 to find community-acquired bacteremia. Common pathogens, antibiotic resistance, and outcome ...
Ochiai Masayuki - - 2013
Background: The limits of viability in extremely premature infants are challenging for any neonatologists in developed countries. The neurological development and growth of extremely preterm infants have come to be the emerging issue following the management in the neonatal intensive care unit. Objective: To assess potential associations between changes in ...
Andrade Kristine - - 2013
We report a unique case of an infant with testicular torsion in the anterior abdominal wall. In the work-up of acute abdominal pain in a male infant with nonpalpable testes, a careful search for the testes using ultrasound can often identify undescended or ectopic testes. Testicular torsion should remain an ...
Markovic-Sovtic Gordana - - 2013
N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-pro BNP) is used as a biomarker which helps to differentiate congestive heart failure from lung disease in adults and children. Clinical significance of its use in term neonates has not yet been extensively studied. The NT pro-BNP level was measured in 62 term neonates admitted ...
Ree Isabelle M C - - 2013
Background: Small for gestational age (SGA) neonates are at increased risk of mortality and morbidity, including necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), but detailed information on the incidence and risk factors of NEC in SGA neonates is lacking. Objective: This study aims to estimate the incidence of NEC in a large cohort of ...
Wen Ai - - 2013
We examined the community ecology of vaginal microbial samples taken from pregnant women with previous preterm birth experience to investigate whether targeted pathogenic and commensal bacteria are related to risk of preterm birth in the current pregnancy. We found a significant correlation between the community structure of selected bacteria and ...
Bagnoli Franco - - 2013
Abstract Background: The cause of hyperglycemia, a frequent disorder of glucose homeostasis in very preterm infants, is still unknown. Objectives: Determine the glucagon and insulin plasma levels at birth in healthy, appropriate for gestational age (AGA) infants born by elective cesarean section (ECS), at different gestational age. Methods: Glucagon, insulin ...
KardaƟ Özdemir Funda - - 2013
To assess the effect of individualised developmental care practices on the growth and hospitalisation duration of prematures. It is known that individualised developmental care practices enable premature infants to have rapid weight gain, intensive care complications to decrease, to have earlier discharge from the hospital and the related cost to ...
Nishimaki Shigeru - - 2013
Abstract Objective: Fetal inflammatory response syndrome (FIRS), which induces hypercytokinemia, is important for the outcomes of premature infants. It is necessary to focus on the fetal inflammatory environments. Methods: A total of 37 premature infants (gestational age ≤ 32 weeks) were divided into 3 groups: (1) 15 without chorioamnionitis (CAM) ...
Yi Wei - - 2013
Despite appropriate immunoprophylaxis, HBV vertical transmission (VT) occurs in 5-10% of infants born to HBs-antigen (HBsAg) + mothers. We investigated whether amniocentesis increases the risk of transmission. We performed a case-control study on infants who were born to HBsAg + mothers without antiviral exposure and completed appropriate immunization. Infants born ...
Castanys-Muñoz Esther - - 2013
Lactose is the preeminent soluble glycan in milk and a significant source of energy for most newborn mammals. Elongation of lactose with additional monosaccharides gives rise to a varied repertoire of free soluble glycans such as 2'-fucosyllactose (2'-FL), which is the most abundant oligosaccharide in human milk. In infants, 2'-FL ...
Emond Alan - - 2013
A randomised, parallel group, pragmatic trial. A large UK maternity hospital. Term infants <2 weeks old with a mild or moderate degree of tongue-tie, and their mothers who were having difficulties breastfeeding. To determine if immediate frenotomy was better than standard breastfeeding support. Participants were randomised to an early frenotomy ...
Niinivirta Katri - - 2013
Abstract We aimed to explore whether maternal dietary counseling to increase the intake of unsaturated fatty acids (FA) is reflected in infant FA status. Serum cholesteryl ester (CE) and triacylglycerol (TAG) FA were analyzed from infants of 45 women randomized to receive dietary counseling from the first trimester of pregnancy ...
Ariff Shabina - - 2013
Adequacy of zinc intake from breast milk alone becomes marginal in relation to infant requirements by around 6 mo of age. Simple and cost-effective strategies are needed at the population level to ensure adequate intakes of zinc in infants and toddlers in populations at risk of zinc deficiency. We determined ...
Garofoli Francesca - - 2013
To measure the red cell distribution width (RDW) ranges at birth and to evaluate potential association with typical neonatal diseases: patent of the ductus arteriousus (PDA), bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), and late-onset sepsis (LOS) mortality. Forty-six full-term, 41 preterm, and 35 intrauterine growth restricted (IUGR) infants participated in this retrospective, observational ...
Gómez-Gallego Carlos - - 2013
Infant microbiota is influenced by numerous factors, such as delivery mode, environment, prematurity and diet (breast milk or formula). In addition to its nutritional value, breast milk contains bioactive substances that drive microbial colonisation and support immune system development, which are usually not present in infant formulas. Among these substances, ...
Dilli Dilek D Department of Neonatology, Dr Sami Ulus Maternity and Children Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
To evaluate the efficacy of oral sucrose combined with non-nutritive sucking for reducing pain associated with retinopathy of prematurity screening. This was a randomised controlled study of 64 infants undergoing eye examination for retinopathy of prematurity screening. Topical anaesthetic (Proparacaine; Alcaine(®) drop 0.5%: ALCON CANADA Inc., Mississauga, Canada) was applied ...
Biondi Eric E Department of Pediatrics, University of Rochester Medical Center, 601 Elmwood Ave, Box 667, Rochester, NY 14620. - - 2013
Fever in infants is a common clinical dilemma. The objective of this study was to present data from hospital systems across the northeast, southeast, mid-west, and western United States to identify the pathogens causing bacteremia in febrile infants admitted to general care units. This was a retrospective review of positive ...
Ghali Rim - - 2013
Objective: To describe the perinatal and neonatal outcomes for fetuses with posterior fossa (PF) anomalies - mega-cisterna magna (MCM), persistent Blake's pouch (PBP) or the Dandy-Walker continuum (DWC) - using a new classification. Methods: 46 cases with PF anomaly diagnosed on ultrasound (US) between 16 and 28 weeks' gestation were ...
Kalra Vaneet Kumar - - 2013
B type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a hormone released in response to stretching of the ventricular wall. The role of BNP as a biomarker of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) has not been clarified. To determine if plasma BNP concentrations correlate with the severity of BPD. This prospective observational case control study ...
Aghdas Karimi - - 2013
To evaluate the effect of mother-infant immediate skin-to-skin contact on primiparous mother's breastfeeding self-efficacy. A randomised control trial. The study was conducted in Omolbanin obstetrics hospital (large tertiary hospital), Mashhad, Iran. 114 18-35 year-old primiparous, Iranian, healthy and full term mothers who anticipated normal vaginal delivery and intended to breastfeed ...
Brunherotti Marisa A A MA Department of Physiotherapy, University of Franca (Unifran), Franca, - - 2013
To evaluate the effect of body position on the cardiorespiratory indicators of preterm newborns receiving nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). Analytical, observational, prospective, cross-sectional, randomised crossover study was carried out on sixteen newborns that received nasal CPAP. The infants had a mean gestational age of 29.7 ± 2 weeks and birthweight of ...
Xu Hua - - 2013
Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) is the main mode of spread of hepatitis B virus (HBV) in China. We performed a meta-analysis to compare the effects of three measures for prevention of MTCT. A meta-analysis was performed on randomized controlled trials and non-randomized studies comparing the index of MTCT among five groups ...
Sharma Preeti - - 2013
The role of gastric lavage in preventing retching, vomiting and secondary meconium aspiration syndrome in neonates with meconium-stained amniotic fluid is uncertain, and no there are no definitive guidelines.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of gastric lavage in preventing retching, vomiting and secondary meconium aspiration syndrome in neonates with meconium-stained amniotic ...
Narang Yum - - 2013
Birth asphyxia leading to acidosis comprises 20-60 % of perinatal mortality. Nuchal cord (NC) is one of the possible causes of birth asphyxia. Majority of fetuses who are antenatally detected to have nuchal cord are able to achieve successful vaginal birth. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect ...
Rozzelle C J - - 2013
Controversial reports exist in the literature regarding both the spinal level of the conus medullaris (CM) in normal infants and the age at which the CM achieves its adult level. Autopsy studies have demonstrated ascent continuing into early infancy while more recent imaging study series' suggest the adult conus level ...
Nishizaki Naoto - - 2013
Recent advancements in perinatal and neonatal care have increased the survival of preterm infants with lower birth weight and very low birth weight (VLBW; < 1,500 g) infants. Such infants are exposed to a higher risk of renal insufficiency in later life due to congenitally fewer nephrons; however, urinalysis in order to detect ...
Edwards Renee C - - 2013
Despite recent efforts to increase breastfeeding, young African American mothers continue to breastfeed at low rates, and commonly introduce complementary foods earlier than recommended. This study examines the effects of a community doula home visiting intervention on infant feeding practices among young mothers. Low-income, African American mothers (n = 248) ...
Eun Ho Seon HS Department of Pediatrics, Severance Children's Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2013
Ureaplasma colonization is related with perinatal complications in preterm infants. Little is known about the difference in virulence among various Ureaplasma urealyticum serovars. The aim of this study was to determine U. urealyticum serovars of preterm infants in order to assess whether any of the serovars were associated with bronchopulmonary ...
Lee Pauline P Tameside and Glossop Early Attachment Service, Pennine Care NHS Foundation Trust. - - 2013
Early universal preventive interventions have the potential to improve the parent-infant relationship. Getting it Right from the Start is a DVD and booklet given free to new parents to promote sensitive and responsive early parenting and infant communication. Parents in the local area were canvassed for their views and opinions ...
Esfahani Mitra Savabi MS Department of Midwifery, Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2013
Vaccination is one of the most common painful procedures in infants. The irreversible consequences due to pain experiences in infants are enormous. Breast feeding and massage therapy methods are the non-drug methods of pain relief. Therefore, this research aimed to compare the vaccination-related pain in infants who underwent massage therapy ...
Kurokawa Cilmery Suemi CS Department of Pediatrics Bioscience Institute of Botucatu, UNESP, Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil. kurokawa@fmb.unesp.br, - - 2013
This study aimed to evaluate the levels of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines in umbilical cord blood of preterm neonates who developed focal early-onset infection (EOI) after preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM). This is a prospective study conducted on 46 preterm infants from mothers with PPROM. The cytokines were measure ...
Hughes Julie J Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, - - 2013
To determine the effect of nasogastric (NG) feeding compared with oral feeding on morphine requirements after primary cleft palate repair, and secondarily on enteral intake. This was a pilot study involving 50 infants, aged five to ten months, who were randomised to receive NG or oral feeding after palate repair. ...
Caulfield Laura E LE Center for Human Nutrition, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
We evaluated changes in the status of iron, zinc, and copper in non-anemic Peruvian infants who were receiving daily supplements of 10 mg of iron and 0.5 mg of copper with or without 10 mg of zinc from 6 to 18 mo of age. Overall, 251 infants were randomized to ...
Landis Melissa W MW The Perinatal Institute, Section of Neonatology, Perinatal and Pulmonary Biology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229, - - 2013
Chylothorax is a frequent complication in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) infants and is associated with significant morbidity. The optimal treatment strategy remains unclear. We hypothesize that octreotide decreases chylous effusions in infants with CDH. This is a retrospective study of all infants with CDH admitted to our institution from October ...
Vasudevan Chakrapani - - 2013
Soy-based intravenous fat emulsion (IVFE) is known to cause a rise in pulmonary artery pressure in the preterm infant, thought to be mediated through eicosanoid metabolites of linoleic acid. We compared the effect of soy-based IVFE and an olive-oil-based IVFE containing less than half the content of linoleic acid on ...
Fazilleau L - - 2013
The Newborn Individualized Development Care and Assessment Program (NIDCAP) incorporates many aspects of developmental care and focuses on individualised family-oriented care. To evaluate the effect of NIDCAP on neurodevelopmental and clinical outcomes in the preterm infant in the first 2 years. MEDLINE database and the Cochrane Library. Randomised controlled trials ...
Fan Wenguang - - 2013
The development of the gut is controlled and modulated by different interacting mechanisms such as, genetic endowment, intrinsic biological regulatory functions, environment influences and last but no least, the diet influence. In this work, we compared the fecal microbiota of breast-fed (BF), formula-fed (FF) and mixed-fed (MF) infants from Hebei ...
Holman Shaina D SD Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.A.; Department of Neural and Pain Sciences, University of Maryland School of Dentistry, Baltimore, Maryland, - - 2014
Abnormal kinematics during swallowing can result in aspiration, which may become life threatening. We tested the role of palatal sensation in the motor control of pharyngeal swallow in infants. In eight infant pigs, we reduced palatal sensation using local anesthesia (PLA) and measured the impact on swallowing kinematics and airway ...
Carmichael Suzan L SL Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatal and Developmental Medicine, Stanford University, 1265 Welch Road, Room X111, Stanford, CA 94305-5415. - - 2013
Experimental evidence suggests pesticides may be associated with hypospadias. Examine the association of hypospadias with residential proximity to commercial agricultural pesticide applications. The study population included male infants born from 1991 to 2004 to mothers residing in 8 California counties. Cases (n = 690) were ascertained by the California Birth ...
Arai Hirokazu - - 2013
Funisitis reflects the fetal systemic inflammatory response in premature infants. Macrophages and neutrophils have been identified as key elements in the inflammatory process of the lungs, and secrete proteases that cause the destruction of the extracellular matrix (ECM). Fibronectin (FN) is the major constituent of the pulmonary ECM and exists ...
Mage David T - - 2013
Male excess infant mortality is well known but unexplained. In 2004 we reported Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and other infant respiratory deaths showed a ~50% male excess in the US between 1979 and 2002. This study analyses expanded US data from 1968 to 2010 to see whether infant respiratory ...
Boskabadi Hassan - - 2013
To determine the prooxidant-antioxidant balance (PAB) in neonatal asphyxia and compare it with values for PAB in healthy neonates. In a prospective observational study, serum PAB of umbilical cord blood of 30 neonates with asphyxia [pH < 7.2, low Apgar score, signs of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS)] as the case group ...
Fouzas Sotirios - - 2013
To assess the feasibility of using volumetric capnography in spontaneously breathing small infants and its ability to discriminate between infants with and without bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Lung function variables for 231 infants (102 term, 52 healthy preterm, 77 BPD), matched for post-conceptional age of 44 weeks, were collected. BPD was ...
Fischer Hendrik S - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:Mechanical ventilation via an endotracheal tube is a risk factor for bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), one of the most common morbidities of very preterm infants. Our objective was to investigate the effect that strategies to avoid endotracheal mechanical ventilation (eMV) have on the incidence of BPD in preterm infants ...
Chaudhary Rajiv - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:Therapeutic hypothermia is now the standard of care for hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. Treatment should be started early, and it is often necessary to transfer the infant to a regional NICU for ongoing care. There are no large studies reporting outcomes from infants cooled passively compared with active (servo-controlled) cooling ...
Field David D DM, Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, 22-28 Princess Rd West, Leicester, UK. - - 2013
Despite evidence to support the use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in defined groups of newborn infants, rates of impairment among survivors remain high. Therapeutic hypothermia has been shown to provide neuroprotection in mature infants exposed to perinatal asphyxia. We hypothesized that therapeutic hypothermia during ECMO would reduce the proportion ...
Soares Daniele de Almeida - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a short bout of practice on reaching behavior in late preterm infants at the onset of goal-directed reaching. The study was designed as a blind, three-arm parallel-group, randomized controlled, clinical trial. Thirty-six late preterm infants were recruited from a ...
Paine Simon Ml - - 2013
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is a leading cause of post-neonatal infant death in the developed world. The cause of SIDS is unknown but several hypotheses have been proposed, including the 'triple risk hypothesis', which predicts that fetal development of infants who subsequently succumb to SIDS is abnormal, leaving them ...
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