Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1932
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Narang Yum - - 2013
Birth asphyxia leading to acidosis comprises 20-60 % of perinatal mortality. Nuchal cord (NC) is one of the possible causes of birth asphyxia. Majority of fetuses who are antenatally detected to have nuchal cord are able to achieve successful vaginal birth. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect ...
Rozzelle C J - - 2013
Controversial reports exist in the literature regarding both the spinal level of the conus medullaris (CM) in normal infants and the age at which the CM achieves its adult level. Autopsy studies have demonstrated ascent continuing into early infancy while more recent imaging study series' suggest the adult conus level ...
Nishizaki Naoto - - 2013
Recent advancements in perinatal and neonatal care have increased the survival of preterm infants with lower birth weight and very low birth weight (VLBW; < 1,500 g) infants. Such infants are exposed to a higher risk of renal insufficiency in later life due to congenitally fewer nephrons; however, urinalysis in order to detect ...
Edwards Renee C - - 2013
Despite recent efforts to increase breastfeeding, young African American mothers continue to breastfeed at low rates, and commonly introduce complementary foods earlier than recommended. This study examines the effects of a community doula home visiting intervention on infant feeding practices among young mothers. Low-income, African American mothers (n = 248) ...
Landis Melissa W - - 2013
Chylothorax is a frequent complication in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) infants and is associated with significant morbidity. The optimal treatment strategy remains unclear. We hypothesize that octreotide decreases chylous effusions in infants with CDH. This is a retrospective study of all infants with CDH admitted to our institution from October ...
Eun Ho Seon HS Department of Pediatrics, Severance Children's Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2013
Ureaplasma colonization is related with perinatal complications in preterm infants. Little is known about the difference in virulence among various Ureaplasma urealyticum serovars. The aim of this study was to determine U. urealyticum serovars of preterm infants in order to assess whether any of the serovars were associated with bronchopulmonary ...
Lee Pauline P Tameside and Glossop Early Attachment Service, Pennine Care NHS Foundation Trust. - - 2013
Early universal preventive interventions have the potential to improve the parent-infant relationship. Getting it Right from the Start is a DVD and booklet given free to new parents to promote sensitive and responsive early parenting and infant communication. Parents in the local area were canvassed for their views and opinions ...
Esfahani Mitra Savabi MS Department of Midwifery, Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2013
Vaccination is one of the most common painful procedures in infants. The irreversible consequences due to pain experiences in infants are enormous. Breast feeding and massage therapy methods are the non-drug methods of pain relief. Therefore, this research aimed to compare the vaccination-related pain in infants who underwent massage therapy ...
Kurokawa Cilmery Suemi CS Department of Pediatrics Bioscience Institute of Botucatu, UNESP, Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil. kurokawa@fmb.unesp.br, - - 2013
This study aimed to evaluate the levels of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines in umbilical cord blood of preterm neonates who developed focal early-onset infection (EOI) after preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM). This is a prospective study conducted on 46 preterm infants from mothers with PPROM. The cytokines were measure ...
Hughes Julie J Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, - - 2013
To determine the effect of nasogastric (NG) feeding compared with oral feeding on morphine requirements after primary cleft palate repair, and secondarily on enteral intake. This was a pilot study involving 50 infants, aged five to ten months, who were randomised to receive NG or oral feeding after palate repair. ...
Caulfield Laura E LE Center for Human Nutrition, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
We evaluated changes in the status of iron, zinc, and copper in non-anemic Peruvian infants who were receiving daily supplements of 10 mg of iron and 0.5 mg of copper with or without 10 mg of zinc from 6 to 18 mo of age. Overall, 251 infants were randomized to ...
Vasudevan Chakrapani - - 2013
Soy-based intravenous fat emulsion (IVFE) is known to cause a rise in pulmonary artery pressure in the preterm infant, thought to be mediated through eicosanoid metabolites of linoleic acid. We compared the effect of soy-based IVFE and an olive-oil-based IVFE containing less than half the content of linoleic acid on ...
Fazilleau L - - 2013
The Newborn Individualized Development Care and Assessment Program (NIDCAP) incorporates many aspects of developmental care and focuses on individualised family-oriented care. To evaluate the effect of NIDCAP on neurodevelopmental and clinical outcomes in the preterm infant in the first 2 years. MEDLINE database and the Cochrane Library. Randomised controlled trials ...
Fan Wenguang - - 2013
The development of the gut is controlled and modulated by different interacting mechanisms such as, genetic endowment, intrinsic biological regulatory functions, environment influences and last but no least, the diet influence. In this work, we compared the fecal microbiota of breast-fed (BF), formula-fed (FF) and mixed-fed (MF) infants from Hebei ...
Holman Shaina D SD Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.A.; Department of Neural and Pain Sciences, University of Maryland School of Dentistry, Baltimore, Maryland, - - 2014
Abnormal kinematics during swallowing can result in aspiration, which may become life threatening. We tested the role of palatal sensation in the motor control of pharyngeal swallow in infants. In eight infant pigs, we reduced palatal sensation using local anesthesia (PLA) and measured the impact on swallowing kinematics and airway ...
Carmichael Suzan L - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Experimental evidence suggests pesticides may be associated with hypospadias.OBJECTIVE:Examine the association of hypospadias with residential proximity to commercial agricultural pesticide applications.METHODS:The study population included male infants born from 1991 to 2004 to mothers residing in 8 California counties. Cases (n = 690) were ascertained by the California Birth Defects Monitoring ...
Arai Hirokazu - - 2013
Funisitis reflects the fetal systemic inflammatory response in premature infants. Macrophages and neutrophils have been identified as key elements in the inflammatory process of the lungs, and secrete proteases that cause the destruction of the extracellular matrix (ECM). Fibronectin (FN) is the major constituent of the pulmonary ECM and exists ...
Mage David T - - 2013
Male excess infant mortality is well known but unexplained. In 2004 we reported Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and other infant respiratory deaths showed a ~50% male excess in the US between 1979 and 2002. This study analyses expanded US data from 1968 to 2010 to see whether infant respiratory ...
Boskabadi Hassan - - 2013
To determine the prooxidant-antioxidant balance (PAB) in neonatal asphyxia and compare it with values for PAB in healthy neonates. In a prospective observational study, serum PAB of umbilical cord blood of 30 neonates with asphyxia [pH < 7.2, low Apgar score, signs of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS)] as the case group ...
Fouzas Sotirios - - 2013
To assess the feasibility of using volumetric capnography in spontaneously breathing small infants and its ability to discriminate between infants with and without bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Lung function variables for 231 infants (102 term, 52 healthy preterm, 77 BPD), matched for post-conceptional age of 44 weeks, were collected. BPD was ...
Fischer Hendrik S - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:Mechanical ventilation via an endotracheal tube is a risk factor for bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), one of the most common morbidities of very preterm infants. Our objective was to investigate the effect that strategies to avoid endotracheal mechanical ventilation (eMV) have on the incidence of BPD in preterm infants ...
Chaudhary Rajiv - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:Therapeutic hypothermia is now the standard of care for hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. Treatment should be started early, and it is often necessary to transfer the infant to a regional NICU for ongoing care. There are no large studies reporting outcomes from infants cooled passively compared with active (servo-controlled) cooling ...
Field David D DM, Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, 22-28 Princess Rd West, Leicester, UK. - - 2013
Despite evidence to support the use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in defined groups of newborn infants, rates of impairment among survivors remain high. Therapeutic hypothermia has been shown to provide neuroprotection in mature infants exposed to perinatal asphyxia. We hypothesized that therapeutic hypothermia during ECMO would reduce the proportion ...
Soares Daniele de Almeida - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a short bout of practice on reaching behavior in late preterm infants at the onset of goal-directed reaching. The study was designed as a blind, three-arm parallel-group, randomized controlled, clinical trial. Thirty-six late preterm infants were recruited from a ...
Paine Simon Ml - - 2013
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is a leading cause of post-neonatal infant death in the developed world. The cause of SIDS is unknown but several hypotheses have been proposed, including the 'triple risk hypothesis', which predicts that fetal development of infants who subsequently succumb to SIDS is abnormal, leaving them ...
Wilinska M - - 2013
This study was undertaken to document the real impact of a directed shift in the standard of neonatal practice to a pervasive use of noninvasive respiratory support. Before-after observational study. All 18 neonatal ICUs in the capital region of Poland. Every infant admitted to a neonatal ICU who received respiratory ...
Krieger Nancy N Nancy Krieger, Jarvis T. Chen, and Pamela D. Waterman are with the Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA. Brent Coull is with the Department of Biostatistics, Harvard School of Public Health. Jason Beckfield is with the Department of Sociology, Harvard University, Cambridge, - - 2013
We explored associations between the abolition of Jim Crow laws (i.e., state laws legalizing racial discrimination overturned by the 1964 US Civil Rights Act) and birth cohort trends in infant death rates. We analyzed 1959 to 2006 US Black and White infant death rates within and across sets of states ...
Underwood Mark A - - 2013
To determine the impact of increasing doses of two prebiotic oligosaccharides and the impact of an "all-human diet" on the intestinal microbiota of premature infants. Twelve premature infants receiving formula feedings were randomly assigned to receive either galacto-oligosaccharide (F+GOS) or a pooled concentrated donor human milk product containing human milk ...
Wang Xiao-Fang - - 2013
Human milk provides infants with various immune molecules. The objective of the present study was to measure human β-defensin-1 (hBD-1) and human β-defensin-2 (hBD-2) levels in the colostrum and mature milk of healthy Han Chinese, to identify factors regulating milk hBD-1 and hBD-2 expression and to explore the potential protective ...
Whitehead Nicole - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare the neurodevelopment of HIV-infected (HI) infants in combination with antiretroviral therapy also known as HAART (highly active antiretroviral therapy) to HIV-exposed uninfected (HEU) infants. Twenty-seven HIV infected and 29 HEU infants under the age of one year attending the Empilweni Clinic at ...
Luoto Raakel - - 2013
Simple and safe strategies for the prevention of viral respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are needed. We hypothesized that early prebiotic or probiotic supplementation would reduce the risk of virus-associated RTIs during the first year of life in a cohort of preterm infants. In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial (ClinicalTrials.gov no. NCT00167700), ...
Castellani C - - 2013
This study aimed to determine the causes of postoperative emesis (PE) in neonates with infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) after laparoscopic pyloromyotomy (LP). Retrospective review of the hospital database for infants with IHPS managed between 2000-2010 was performed. Relevant data was collected from the clinical records in the Medocs(®) system ...
Pivik R T - - 2013
Relationships between early postnatal diet and the development of cardiac regulation were studied using resting vagal tone and heart period measures obtained quarterly during infancy and at 2years in 158 breast-fed, 159 milk formula-fed, and 148 soy formula-fed infants. Both measures increased across time for all groups. Heart period was ...
Lamberska Tereza - - 2013
To evaluate the heart rate (HR) and oxygen saturation (SpO2) at 15-second intervals within 60 seconds after incremental increases of fractional inspired oxygen (FiO2) during resuscitation of infants younger than 29 weeks requiring two different forms of ventilatory support. Retrospective observational study. Forty-three infants were stabilized, 14 by continuous positive ...
Aarthi J - - 2013
To assess the cariogenic potential of cow's milk, human milk and infant formulas in comparison to sucrose in animal models. Electronic search of the following databases were undertaken: PubMed-MEDLINE, MeSH and ingentaconnect. In addition, the reference lists of all eligible studies were searched. Characteristics such as animal species were used; ...
Chowdhury Olie - - 2013
Background: During volume-targeted ventilation (VTV), a constant volume is delivered with each ventilator inflation. Objectives: To determine whether VTV compared to pressure-limited ventilation (PLV) reduced the time to reach weaning criteria in prematurely born infants with acute respiratory distress, and if any difference was explained by better respiratory muscle strength ...
Krajewski PaweĊ‚ - - 2013
Abstract Aim: Aim of study was to assess concentrations of interleukin-6 (Il-6), interleukin-8 (Il-8), and interleukin-18 (Il-18) in the serum of newborns with diagnosed intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) in comparison to concentrations in serum of newborns with weight appropriate for gestational age (AGA). Material: Research was conducted at the Lodz ...
Beier Jonathan S - - 2013
Four experiments investigated whether infants and adults infer that a novel entity that interacts in a contingent, communicative fashion with an experimenter is itself an intentional agent. The experiments contrasted the hypothesis that such an inference follows from amodal representations of the contingent interaction alone with the hypothesis that features ...
Planalp Elizabeth M - - 2013
The degree to which parent sensitivity and infant temperament distinguish attachment classification was examined. Multilevel modeling was used to assess the effect of parent sensitivity and infant temperament on infant-mother and infant-father attachment. Data were collected from mothers, fathers, and their infants (N=135) when the infant was 3-, 5-, 7-, ...
Park Hyun-Kyung - - 2013
Abstract Aim: To determine the clinical characteristics and safety of kangaroo mother care (KMC) according to the gestational age (GA) or postmenstrual age (PMA). Methods: We conducted a prospective clinical study in 31 infants between 25 and 32 weeks' GA. The subjects were categorized into two groups (25-28 weeks' and ...
Lim Gina - - 2013
To determine the feasibility of discontinuing thyroid hormone treatment earlier than recommended by the current guidelines for congenital hypothyroidism. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants born at Chungbuk National University Hospital from January 2006 to December 2010. Infants were divided into two groups ...
Macko Jozef - - 2013
To assess the use of skin conductance as an objective measure of pain in infants of different gestational age. A second aim was to investigate the relationship between skin conductivity and selected physiological and behavioural variables (oxygen saturation, heart rate and behavioural state). Infants were divided according to gestational age into ...
Yu Quan - - 2013
This study evaluated the effectiveness of computer-aided design-nasoalveolar molding (CAD-NAM) on maxillary alveolar morphology in infants with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP). 15 infants with UCLP treated by CAD-NAM therapy composed the treatment group, and the control group consisted of 15 infants with non-presurgically treated UCLP. The maxillary morphology ...
Godfrey Kathleen - - 2013
The aim of this quality improvement initiative was to improve the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission rectal temperatures of premature infants less than 28 weeks' gestation by placing them in an occlusive bag from the neck down immediately after birth. The historical control group consisted of a convenience sample ...
McIntyre Sarah - - 2013
To examine the antecedents of cerebral palsy and of perinatal death in singletons born at or after 35 weeks of gestation. From a total population of singletons born at or after 35 weeks of gestation, we identified 494 with cerebral palsy and 508 neonates in a matched control group, 100 ...
Lee Gyungjoo - - 2013
This study evaluated the attachment-based cognitive behavioral approach (ACBA) to enhance mother-infant interaction and infant mental health. This quasi-experimental study used a pre-posttest control group design. Participants were 40 low-income, mother-infant (infant ages 12-36 months) dyads, 20 dyads per group. The ACBA group received 10 weekly 90-min sessions. Dependent variables ...
Thomas Patricia E - - 2013
Infants born prematurely with respiratory distress syndrome are at high risk for complications from mechanical ventilation. Strategies are needed to minimize their days on the ventilator. The purpose of this study was to compare extubation success rates in infants treated with 2 different types of continuous positive airway pressure devices. ...
Ribeiro Laiane Medeiros LM University of Brasilia, Brasília, - - 2013
Ophthalmoscopy performed for the early diagnosis of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is painful for preterm infants, thus necessitating interventions for minimizing pain. The present study aimed to establish the effectiveness of human milk, compared with sucrose, for pain relief in premature infants subjected to ophthalmoscopy for the early diagnosis of ...
Abdel-Hafeez Ekhlas Hamed - - 2013
This study investigated the effect of breast-feeding in protection against protozoan infection in infants with persistent diarrhea. Infants were classified into 2 groups; 161 breast-fed infants and the same number of non-breast-fed infants. Microscopic examinations of stool were done for detection of parasites and measuring the intensity of infection. Moreover, ...
Cassuto Nino Guy - - 2013
Consistent evidence from meta-analysis has linked assisted conception by IVF, and particularly intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), with an increased risk of major birth defects. To compare the risk of major malformations of children born after standard ICSI and after intracytoplasmic injection of morphologically selected spermatozoa (IMSI), a prospective population-based study ...
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