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Results 251 - 300 of 1926
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Oncel Mehmet Yekta - - 2013
To evaluate the effect of oral Lactobacillus reuteri (L reuteri) first on the incidence and severity of Necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) and second on sepsis. Prospective randomised controlled study. Tertiary neonatal intensive care unit. Preterm infants with a gestational age of ≤32 weeks and a birth weight of ≤1500 g were ...
Turrentine Mark - - 2013
Despite progress in preventing infant group B streptococcal disease, group B streptococcus remains the leading cause of early-onset neonatal sepsis in the United States. Fortunately, most women who are colonized with group B streptococcus receive therapy and antibiotic prophylaxis is effective. However, the only factor associated with missed chemoprophylaxis is ...
Sadacharan Radha - - 2013
Background:Distribution of industry-sponsored formula sample packs to new mothers undermines breastfeeding.Objective:Using data from the Infant Feeding Practices Study II (IFPS II), we aimed to determine whether receipt of 4 different types of bags was associated with exclusive breastfeeding during the first 6 months of life.Methods:We extracted data from IFPS II ...
Kuklina Elena V - - 2013
Although the observed association between breastfeeding and cardiometabolic profile in childhood and adolescence in previous studies (refs) has biological plausibility, the precise mechanism and magnitude remains far from being fully understood.(1) Early nutrition and epigenetic programming(2), anti-inflammatory properties(3), and cardiorespiratory fitness(4) are among numerous hypotheses that are currently being actively ...
Lee Hee Song - - 2013
Objective: Cerebral palsy (CP) is a disabling condition characterized by the motor impairment, which is difficult to be ameliorated. In the brain of infants with CP, there are persistent pathomechanisms including accentuated neuroinflammation. Since erythropoietin was demonstrated to have neuroprotective effect via anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic properties, we hypothesized that the ...
Joy Rojo R Departments of Pediatrics and Biochemistry, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), , Pondicherry, - - 2014
To evaluate whether preterm very low birth weight (VLBW) infants receiving early iron (EI) supplementation (2 mg/kg/day elemental iron) at 2 weeks postnatal age have improved serum ferritin levels compared with late iron (LI) supplementation at 6 weeks postnatal age. Single-blinded parallel-group interventional randomised controlled trial. Tertiary care centre in ...
Fujiwara Tohru - - 2013
Children with early adiposity rebound (AR), deducted from an individual body mass index (BMI) growth curves, have an increased risk of metabolic disease as adults. However, the children showing an early AR are not fully characterized. Our objective was to investigate the prevalence and characteristics of the infants developing early ...
Boral Leonard I - - 2013
Objectives At some institutions all infants requiring RBC transfusions in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) receive only group O RBCs. Although transfused group O plasma is minimized in packed RBCs, small amounts of residual anti-A, anti-B, and anti-A,B in group O packed RBCs may bind to the corresponding A and ...
Wang Ying - - 2013
Objective: The aim of study was to confirm the protective effects of parenteral glutamine supplementation on liver injury in premature infants and determine how quickly effects became evident. Methods: We performed a double-blind, randomized, controlled clinical study to assess the effect of parenteral nutrition (PN) supplemented with glutamine in premature ...
Strahm Alyse - - 2013
This article examines a quality-improvement project to reduce clinical practice variation and measure growth outcomes by standardizing the process for the provision of protein intake for premature infants weighing 1250 g or less. Eighteen infants with a birth weight of 1250 g or less and gestational age of 32 weeks ...
Yin Lijie L Center for Nature and Society, School of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, China; Chongzuo Biodiversity Research Institute, Peking University, Chongzuo, Guangxi, - - 2013
Infanticide was first observed in langurs nearly 50 years ago, and this rare phenomenon has been inferred to have either an evolutionarily adaptive function or to be a pathological and non-functional behavior. In this study, we report 5 male takeover events in one-male groups of white-headed langurs in the Nongguan ...
Peirovifar A A Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Al Zahra Hospital, South Arthesh Street, 513866449, Tabriz, Iran. - - 2013
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) can lead to severe visual impairment. This study was conducted to determine the levels of biochemical mediators (i. e. vascular endothelial growth f actor [ VEGF] and insulin- like growth factor-1 [IGF-1]) in the blood of premature infants with proliferative ROP. Blood samples from 71 preterm ...
Chuang Chih-Kuang CK Division of Genetics and Metabolism, Department of Medical Research, Mackay Memorial Hospital, 92 Chung-Shan North Road, Section 2, Taipei 10449, Taiwan; Institute of Biotechnology, National Taipei University of Technology, 1 Zhongxiao East Road, Section 3, Taipei 10608, Taiwan; College of Medicine, Fu-Jen Catholic University, 510 Chung Cheng Road, Hsinchuang, Taipei County 24205, Taiwan. Electronic address: - - 2013
Few studies on the free fatty acid (FFA) content of milk from non-Caucasian mothers have been published. We compared the FFA concentrations in human milk (HM) from Taiwanese mothers of preterm (PTHM) and full-term infants (FTHM) and in infant formula (IF). Thirty-eight HM samples were collected from 23 healthy lactating ...
Assumpção Maíra Seabra de MS Udesc, FlorianópolisSC, - - 2013
To evaluate the impact of manual vibrocompression and nasotracheal suctioning on heart (hr) and respiratory (rr) rates, peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO2), pain and respiratory distress in infants in the postoperative period of a cardiac surgery. Randomized controlled trial, in which the assessments were performed by the same physiotherapist in two ...
Ek-isariyaphorn Ratthakhet R Department of Pediatrics, Mae Sot Hospital, Tak, Thailand. - - 2013
From the empirical study, light-emitting diode (LED) phototherapy is effective for treatment of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. However commercial LED phototherapy equipment is still expensive. Thus, in-house LED phototherapy equipment has been developed. To compare efficacy between in-house LED to conventional phototherapy equipment in the treatment of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia at Mae Sot ...
Dias Jorge A B de S - - 2013
Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS) scores were examined before and after four months of swimming classes in 12 babies (ages 7 to 9 mo.) assigned to Experimental (n = 6) and Control (n = 6) groups matched on age and developmental status. Infants from both groups improved their developmental status ...
Winterstein Almut G AG Department of Epidemiology, University of Florida, Gainesville2Department of Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy, University of Florida, - - 2013
IMPORTANCE Recommendations concerning the appropriate age threshold for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) prophylaxis in moderate-preterm infants are highly debated. OBJECTIVE To determine the age at which moderate-preterm infants' risk of RSV hospitalization has decreased to the risk observed in low-risk term infants. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Retrospective cohort study of ...
Oncel Mehmet Yekta MY Division of Neonatology, Zekai Tahir Burak Maternity Teaching Hospital, Ankara, - - 2013
To determine the risk factors associated with lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) related hospitalizations in preterm infants receiving palivizumab throughout the high season for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection. Premature infants who were commenced on palivizumab prophylaxis during the RSV season were included in the study following parental consent. Information ...
Sirgiovanni Ida - - 2013
Intracranial haemorrhage (ICH) in term newborns has been increasingly recognised but the occurrence in late preterm infants and the clinical presentation are still unclear. To investigate the appearance of intracranial haemorrhage at MRI in a cohort of infants born at 34 weeks' gestation or more and to correlate MRI findings with ...
West Jane - - 2013
There is evidence that South Asian individuals have higher fat mass for a given weight than Europeans. One study reported that the greater fatness for a given birthweight may increase with increasing birthweight, suggesting that any attempt to increase mean birthweight in South Asians would markedly increase their fatness. Our ...
Hayashida Kaori - - 2013
The aim of this study was to assess correlations between various factors and the physical and mental development of 4-month-old infants using a multi-faceted evaluation approach. A total of 1,402 self-administered questionnaires were distributed to consenting mothers of infants who had undergone a 4-month health checkup in Hiroshima prefecture, Japan. ...
Ting Yung-Tien - - 2013
To investigate the etiologies and antibiotic susceptibility of community-acquired bacteremia in infants in a medical center in northern Taiwan. We conducted a retrospective analysis of all blood cultures from infants in the National Taiwan University Hospital from 2002 to 2011 to find community-acquired bacteremia. Common pathogens, antibiotic resistance, and outcome ...
Ochiai Masayuki - - 2013
Background: The limits of viability in extremely premature infants are challenging for any neonatologists in developed countries. The neurological development and growth of extremely preterm infants have come to be the emerging issue following the management in the neonatal intensive care unit. Objective: To assess potential associations between changes in ...
Andrade Kristine - - 2013
We report a unique case of an infant with testicular torsion in the anterior abdominal wall. In the work-up of acute abdominal pain in a male infant with nonpalpable testes, a careful search for the testes using ultrasound can often identify undescended or ectopic testes. Testicular torsion should remain an ...
Markovic-Sovtic Gordana - - 2013
N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-pro BNP) is used as a biomarker which helps to differentiate congestive heart failure from lung disease in adults and children. Clinical significance of its use in term neonates has not yet been extensively studied. The NT pro-BNP level was measured in 62 term neonates admitted ...
Ree Isabelle M C - - 2013
Background: Small for gestational age (SGA) neonates are at increased risk of mortality and morbidity, including necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), but detailed information on the incidence and risk factors of NEC in SGA neonates is lacking. Objective: This study aims to estimate the incidence of NEC in a large cohort of ...
Wen Ai - - 2013
We examined the community ecology of vaginal microbial samples taken from pregnant women with previous preterm birth experience to investigate whether targeted pathogenic and commensal bacteria are related to risk of preterm birth in the current pregnancy. We found a significant correlation between the community structure of selected bacteria and ...
Bagnoli Franco - - 2013
Abstract Background: The cause of hyperglycemia, a frequent disorder of glucose homeostasis in very preterm infants, is still unknown. Objectives: Determine the glucagon and insulin plasma levels at birth in healthy, appropriate for gestational age (AGA) infants born by elective cesarean section (ECS), at different gestational age. Methods: Glucagon, insulin ...
KardaƟ Özdemir Funda - - 2013
To assess the effect of individualised developmental care practices on the growth and hospitalisation duration of prematures. It is known that individualised developmental care practices enable premature infants to have rapid weight gain, intensive care complications to decrease, to have earlier discharge from the hospital and the related cost to ...
Nishimaki Shigeru - - 2013
Abstract Objective: Fetal inflammatory response syndrome (FIRS), which induces hypercytokinemia, is important for the outcomes of premature infants. It is necessary to focus on the fetal inflammatory environments. Methods: A total of 37 premature infants (gestational age ≤ 32 weeks) were divided into 3 groups: (1) 15 without chorioamnionitis (CAM) ...
Yi Wei - - 2013
Despite appropriate immunoprophylaxis, HBV vertical transmission (VT) occurs in 5-10% of infants born to HBs-antigen (HBsAg) + mothers. We investigated whether amniocentesis increases the risk of transmission. We performed a case-control study on infants who were born to HBsAg + mothers without antiviral exposure and completed appropriate immunization. Infants born ...
Castanys-Muñoz Esther - - 2013
Lactose is the preeminent soluble glycan in milk and a significant source of energy for most newborn mammals. Elongation of lactose with additional monosaccharides gives rise to a varied repertoire of free soluble glycans such as 2'-fucosyllactose (2'-FL), which is the most abundant oligosaccharide in human milk. In infants, 2'-FL ...
Emond Alan - - 2013
A randomised, parallel group, pragmatic trial. A large UK maternity hospital. Term infants <2 weeks old with a mild or moderate degree of tongue-tie, and their mothers who were having difficulties breastfeeding. To determine if immediate frenotomy was better than standard breastfeeding support. Participants were randomised to an early frenotomy ...
Niinivirta Katri - - 2013
Abstract We aimed to explore whether maternal dietary counseling to increase the intake of unsaturated fatty acids (FA) is reflected in infant FA status. Serum cholesteryl ester (CE) and triacylglycerol (TAG) FA were analyzed from infants of 45 women randomized to receive dietary counseling from the first trimester of pregnancy ...
Ariff Shabina - - 2013
Adequacy of zinc intake from breast milk alone becomes marginal in relation to infant requirements by around 6 mo of age. Simple and cost-effective strategies are needed at the population level to ensure adequate intakes of zinc in infants and toddlers in populations at risk of zinc deficiency. We determined ...
Garofoli Francesca - - 2013
To measure the red cell distribution width (RDW) ranges at birth and to evaluate potential association with typical neonatal diseases: patent of the ductus arteriousus (PDA), bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), and late-onset sepsis (LOS) mortality. Forty-six full-term, 41 preterm, and 35 intrauterine growth restricted (IUGR) infants participated in this retrospective, observational ...
Gómez-Gallego Carlos - - 2013
Infant microbiota is influenced by numerous factors, such as delivery mode, environment, prematurity and diet (breast milk or formula). In addition to its nutritional value, breast milk contains bioactive substances that drive microbial colonisation and support immune system development, which are usually not present in infant formulas. Among these substances, ...
Dilli Dilek D Department of Neonatology, Dr Sami Ulus Maternity and Children Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
To evaluate the efficacy of oral sucrose combined with non-nutritive sucking for reducing pain associated with retinopathy of prematurity screening. This was a randomised controlled study of 64 infants undergoing eye examination for retinopathy of prematurity screening. Topical anaesthetic (Proparacaine; Alcaine(®) drop 0.5%: ALCON CANADA Inc., Mississauga, Canada) was applied ...
Biondi Eric E Department of Pediatrics, University of Rochester Medical Center, 601 Elmwood Ave, Box 667, Rochester, NY 14620. - - 2013
Fever in infants is a common clinical dilemma. The objective of this study was to present data from hospital systems across the northeast, southeast, mid-west, and western United States to identify the pathogens causing bacteremia in febrile infants admitted to general care units. This was a retrospective review of positive ...
Ghali Rim - - 2013
Objective: To describe the perinatal and neonatal outcomes for fetuses with posterior fossa (PF) anomalies - mega-cisterna magna (MCM), persistent Blake's pouch (PBP) or the Dandy-Walker continuum (DWC) - using a new classification. Methods: 46 cases with PF anomaly diagnosed on ultrasound (US) between 16 and 28 weeks' gestation were ...
Kalra Vaneet Kumar - - 2013
B type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a hormone released in response to stretching of the ventricular wall. The role of BNP as a biomarker of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) has not been clarified. To determine if plasma BNP concentrations correlate with the severity of BPD. This prospective observational case control study ...
Aghdas Karimi - - 2013
To evaluate the effect of mother-infant immediate skin-to-skin contact on primiparous mother's breastfeeding self-efficacy. A randomised control trial. The study was conducted in Omolbanin obstetrics hospital (large tertiary hospital), Mashhad, Iran. 114 18-35 year-old primiparous, Iranian, healthy and full term mothers who anticipated normal vaginal delivery and intended to breastfeed ...
Brunherotti Marisa A A MA Department of Physiotherapy, University of Franca (Unifran), Franca, - - 2013
To evaluate the effect of body position on the cardiorespiratory indicators of preterm newborns receiving nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). Analytical, observational, prospective, cross-sectional, randomised crossover study was carried out on sixteen newborns that received nasal CPAP. The infants had a mean gestational age of 29.7 ± 2 weeks and birthweight of ...
Xu Hua - - 2013
Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) is the main mode of spread of hepatitis B virus (HBV) in China. We performed a meta-analysis to compare the effects of three measures for prevention of MTCT. A meta-analysis was performed on randomized controlled trials and non-randomized studies comparing the index of MTCT among five groups ...
Sharma Preeti - - 2013
The role of gastric lavage in preventing retching, vomiting and secondary meconium aspiration syndrome in neonates with meconium-stained amniotic fluid is uncertain, and no there are no definitive guidelines.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of gastric lavage in preventing retching, vomiting and secondary meconium aspiration syndrome in neonates with meconium-stained amniotic ...
Narang Yum - - 2013
Birth asphyxia leading to acidosis comprises 20-60 % of perinatal mortality. Nuchal cord (NC) is one of the possible causes of birth asphyxia. Majority of fetuses who are antenatally detected to have nuchal cord are able to achieve successful vaginal birth. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect ...
Rozzelle C J - - 2013
Controversial reports exist in the literature regarding both the spinal level of the conus medullaris (CM) in normal infants and the age at which the CM achieves its adult level. Autopsy studies have demonstrated ascent continuing into early infancy while more recent imaging study series' suggest the adult conus level ...
Nishizaki Naoto - - 2013
Recent advancements in perinatal and neonatal care have increased the survival of preterm infants with lower birth weight and very low birth weight (VLBW; < 1,500 g) infants. Such infants are exposed to a higher risk of renal insufficiency in later life due to congenitally fewer nephrons; however, urinalysis in order to detect ...
Edwards Renee C - - 2013
Despite recent efforts to increase breastfeeding, young African American mothers continue to breastfeed at low rates, and commonly introduce complementary foods earlier than recommended. This study examines the effects of a community doula home visiting intervention on infant feeding practices among young mothers. Low-income, African American mothers (n = 248) ...
Landis Melissa W - - 2013
Chylothorax is a frequent complication in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) infants and is associated with significant morbidity. The optimal treatment strategy remains unclear. We hypothesize that octreotide decreases chylous effusions in infants with CDH. This is a retrospective study of all infants with CDH admitted to our institution from October ...
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