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Results 201 - 250 of 1960
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Ling Zongxin Z State Key Laboratory for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, the First Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, 310003, - - 2014
Increasing evidence suggests that perturbations in the intestinal microbiota composition of infants may be implicated in the pathogenesis of food allergy (FA), while its actual structure and composition in human beings with FA remains unclear. Microbial diversity and composition were analyzed with parallel barcoded 454 pyrosequencing targeting the 16S rRNA ...
Chico Elsie E Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, 3359 Mississauga Road N, Mississauga, ON, Canada, - - 2014
Previous research has established that in comparison to adult mothers teen mothers respond less sensitively to their infants. In adults, components of executive functions relate directly to maternal sensitivity. Since teenagers are known to have a less developed prefrontal cortex and greater difficulties in parenting, this study sought to determine ...
Niela-Vilén Hannakaisa H Department of Nursing Science, University of Turku, Turku, - - 2014
Preterm infants are usually breastfed less than full-term infants, and successful breastfeeding requires a supportive environment and special efforts from their mothers. A breastfeeding peer-support group, utilising social media, was developed for these mothers in order to support them in this challenge. Mothers were able to discuss breastfeeding and share ...
Zamora C C Division of Pediatric Radiology, Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Charlotte R. Bloomberg Children's Center, Sheikh Zayed Tower, Baltimore, MD, - - 2014
Objective:To determine the normal range of resistive index (RI) variability in clinically/neurologically unremarkable preterm and term infants and to compare the hemodynamic response to transient elevation of intracranial pressure.Study Design:We measured RIs at baseline and following brief fontanel compression, assessing for differences in mean baseline and compression values and percent ...
Natarajan Chandra Kumar CK Divisions of Neonatology - - 2014
To compare the effect of 800 vs 400 IU of daily oral vitamin D3 on the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency (VDD) at 40 weeks' postmenstrual age (PMA) in preterm infants of 28 to 34 weeks' gestation. In this randomized double-blind trial, we allocated eligible infants to receive either 800 ...
Ranjit Thomas T Department of Neonatology, St. John's Medical College & Hospital, Bangalore, Karnataka, India, - - 2014
To compare the effect of early cord clamping (ECC) vs. delayed cord clamping (DCC) on hematocrit and serum ferritin at 6 wk of life in preterm infants. This randomized controlled trial was conducted in the delivery room and neonatal intensive care unit of a tertiary hospital. One hundred preterm infants born ...
Timby Niklas N Department of Clinical Sciences, Pediatrics (NT, OH, and MD) and the Department of Psychology (ED), Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden, and the Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA - - 2014
Observational studies have indicated that differences in the composition of human milk and infant formula yield benefits in cognitive development and early growth for breastfed infants OBJECTIVE: The objective was to test the hypothesis that feeding an infant formula with reduced energy and protein densities and supplemented with bovine milk ...
Konstantelos Dimitrios - - 2014
Delivery room management (DR) of the newly born infant should be performed according to international guidelines, but no recommendations are available for an infant's position immediately after birth. The present study was performed to answer the following questions: 1. How often is DR-management performed in term infants in side position? ...
Rognum Ingvar J IJ From the Department of Pathology, Boston Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts (IJR, HT, DSP, RLH, KGB, HCK); Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway (IJR); Department of Pathology, Rady Children's Hospital, San Diego, California (EAH, HFK); Medical Neurogenetics, Atlanta, Georgia (KH); New England Research Institutes, Watertown, Massachusetts (BJH); and San Diego County Medical Examiner's Office, San Diego, California - - 2014
Forensic biomarkers are needed in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) to help identify this group among other sudden unexpected deaths in infancy. Previously, we reported multiple serotonergic (5-HT) abnormalities in nuclei of the medulla oblongata that help mediate protective responses to homeostatic stressors. As a first step toward their assessment ...
Zheng Ying Y Institute of Human Nutrition, Medical College of Qingdao University, Qingdao 266021, PR - - 2014
To investigate whether there is an association between diameter of bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) scars and effect of purified protein derivative (PPD) reaction and to determine whether vitamin A (VA) combined vitamin D (VD) supplementation influences the immune response to BCG revaccinated in Chinese infants. A cross-section and 3-month community-randomised trial ...
Castrodale Val V Department of Neonatology, St Vincent Hospital (Ms Castrodale), and Newborn Intensive Care Unit, St Vincent Women's Hospital, Indianapolis, Indiana (Mrs - - 2014
A term borrowed from emergency and cardiovascular medicine, the phrase "Golden Hour" refers to the first hour of an infant's life following delivery. The impact of implementation of a Golden Hour Protocol in a level III neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) for infants delivered at less than 28 weeks gestation ...
Grytten Jostein J Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Institute of Clinical Medicine, Akershus University Hospital, Lørenskog, - - 2014
To study whether neonatal and infant mortality, after adjustments for differences in case mix, were independent of the type of hospital in which the delivery was carried out. The Medical Birth Registry of Norway provided detailed medical information for all births in Norway. Hospitals were classified into two groups: local ...
Chan N M NM Department of Paediatrics, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, 30 Gascoigne Road, Kowloon, Hong - - 2014
OBJECTIVES. To compare the effectiveness and complications of intravenous ibuprofen versus indomethacin treatment of patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infants. DESIGN. Retrospective case series. SETTING. A tertiary referral centre in Hong Kong. PATIENTS. A total of 95 infants who had received at least one course of indomethacin or ibuprofen for ...
Julkunen Mia K MK Pediatric Research Centre, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland; Department of Pediatrics, Tampere University Hospital, Tampere, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate electroencephalograms (EEG), evoked potentials (EPs) and Doppler findings in the cerebral arteries as predictors of a 1-year outcome in asphyxiated newborn infants. EEG and EPs (brain stem auditory (BAEP), somatosensory (SEP), visual (VEP) evoked potentials) were assessed in 30 asphyxiated and 30 healthy term infants during the first ...
Lausten-Thomsen Ulrik U 1 Department of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, University Hospital Rigshospitalet , Copenhagen , - - 2014
This study investigates the role of inflammation in intrauterine growth retardation by exploring the levels of inflammatory markers in umbilical cord blood from neonates who were born small-for-gestational-age (SGA) and comparing them to neonates who were born appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA). Interleukin 6 (IL-6), Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and C-reactive protein (CRP) ...
Neu Madalynn M University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, College of Nursing, 13120 E. 19th Ave, C-288, Aurora, CO 80045, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine whether kangaroo holding of healthy preterm infants over the first eight weeks of an infant's life facilitates co-regulation of salivary cortisol between mother and infant. Randomized control trial. Infants were assigned to receive 1h of daily kangaroo (skin-to-skin contact on the chest of mother) or blanket holding (dressed ...
Miao Xiaolin X Department of Pediatrics, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Jiangsu, China - - 2014
Diffusion-tensor imaging (DTI) can be used to investigate water diffusion in living tissue. To investigate sequence and relationship of regional maturation in corpus callosum (CC) and internal capsule (IC) in preterm and term. DTI was performed on 11 preterm infants at less than 37weeks of corrected gestational age (group I), ...
van Steenis A A Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The - - 2014
Objective: To estimate the incidence, risk factors, severity and outcome after perinatal asphyxia in monochorionic (MC) versus dichorionic (DC) twins. Methods: We included all consecutive near-term MC and DC twins with perinatal asphyxia admitted to our neonatal ward between 2004 and 2013 and compared the perinatal characteristics and neonatal outcome ...
Bache Manon M Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Centre Hospitalier de Luxembourg, 4 rue Ernest Barblé, 1210 Luxembourg. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of early oral stimulation before the introduction of oral feeding, over the duration of concomitant tube feeding ("transition period"), the length of hospital stay and the breastfeeding rates upon discharge in preterm infants. Preterm infants born between 26 and 33 weeks gestational age (n=86), were randomized ...
El-Sayed Amel A F AA 1Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi - - 2014
Horner syndrome may be seen in infants with extended Erb obstetric brachial plexus palsy. However, its prognostic value in these infants has not been previously investigated. A total of 220 infants with extended Erb palsy were included and divided into 2 groups: group I (n = 209) were infants with ...
Ozonoff Sally S University of California-Davis. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study had 3 goals, which were to examine the following: the frequency of atypical development, consistent with the broader autism phenotype, in high-risk infant siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD); the age at which atypical development is first evident; and which developmental domains are affected. A prospective ...
Beggs Sean S Department of Paediatrics, Royal Hobart Hospital, 48 Liverpool Street, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia, - - 2014
Bronchiolitis is a common lower respiratory tract illness, usually of viral aetiology, affecting infants younger than 24 months of age and is a frequent cause of hospitalisation. It causes airway inflammation, mucus production and mucous plugging, resulting in airway obstruction. Effective pharmacotherapy is lacking and bronchiolitis is a major cause ...
Yilmaz Gonca G 1Department of Social and Developmental Pediatrics, Dr. Sami Ulus Maternity and Children's Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
Background:Cup feeding has been used as an alternative feeding method for preterm infants.Objective:The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of bottle and cup feeding on exclusive breastfeeding rates at hospital discharge and 3 and 6 months post-discharge in late preterm infants.Methods:Included in the study were preterm infants ...
Vanderhoeven J P JP Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, - - 2014
Objective:To compare outcomes among late-preterm or early-term neonates according to fetal lung maturity (FLM) status.Study Design:We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 234 eligible singletons delivered after FLM testing before 39 weeks gestation at our center over a 2-year time period. A primary composite neonatal outcome included death and major ...
Czarnecki Michelle L ML Jane B. Pettit Pain Management Center, Children's Hospital of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, - - 2014
Continuous opioid infusion (COI) remains the mainstay of analgesic therapy in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Parent/nurse-controlled analgesia (PNCA) has been accepted as safe and effective for pediatric patients, but few reports include use in neonates. This study sought to compare outcomes of PNCA and COI in postsurgical neonates ...
Fujiwara Arisa - - 2014
Abstract Aim: To determine the factors affecting neonatal prognosis in preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM). Method: We conducted a case-control study involving 92 women between the years 2000 and 2010 diagnosed with PPROM between 25 and 31 weeks' gestation, who received antenatal steroids, and delivered between 26 and 31 ...
Xiao Wen S WS Institute of Child Study, University of Toronto, 45 Walmer Road, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5R - - 2014
The present study investigated how 6- and 9-month-old Caucasian infants scan Caucasian and Chinese dynamic faces using eye-tracking methodology. Analyses of looking times revealed that with increased age, infants decreased their looking time to other-race noses, while maintaining their looking time for own-race noses. From 6 to 9 months, infants ...
Jack Esther E Our Lady of Lourdes Hospital, Drogheda, Ireland, - - 2014
Notwithstanding the lack of definitive evidence from studies conducted to date, inflammatory infiltrates and iron deposition in the leptomeninges are routinely used as forensic markers of traumatic brain injury. We investigated the presence of these forensic markers of trauma in neonates and infants, with the objective of determining their suitability ...
Newman Jamie E JE Statistics and Epidemiology, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA, Multidisciplinary Health Institute, Francisco Marroquin University, Guatemala City 01011, Guatemala, Institute for Nutrition of Central America and Panama, Guatemala City 01011, Guatemala, Department of Pediatrics, Section of Nutrition, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, CO 80045, USA, Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia, Lusaka 34681, Zambia, Kinshasa School of Public Health, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo, Department of Community Health Science and Family Medicine, Aga Khan University Medical College, Karachi 74800, Pakistan, Department of Pediatrics/Division of Neonatology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35233, USA, Department of Pediatrics, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA, University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka 34681, Zambia, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA and Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, MD 20852, - - 2014
We conducted a theory-driven process evaluation of a cluster randomized controlled trial comparing two types of complementary feeding (meat versus fortified cereal) on infant growth in Guatemala, Pakistan, Zambia and the Democratic Republic of Congo. We examined process evaluation indicators for the entire study cohort (N = 1236) using chi-square ...
Hiscock Harriet H Centre for Community Child Health, The Royal Children's Hospital, Parkville, - - 2014
OBJECTIVE:To evaluate a prevention program for infant sleep and cry problems and postnatal depression.METHODS:Randomized controlled trial with 781 infants born at 32 weeks or later in 42 well-child centers, Melbourne, Australia. Follow-up occurred at infant age 4 and 6 months. The intervention including supplying information about normal infant sleep and ...
Jeon Ji Hyun JH Department of Pediatrics, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 120-752, Korea. - - 2014
Purpose: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of maternal inflammatory marker: C-reactive protein (CRP) in predicting early onset neonatal sepsis (that occurring within 72 hours after birth). Materials and Methods: 126 low birth weight newborns (gestation 32±3.2 wk, birth weight 1887±623 g) and their mothers were included. Neonates were divided into ...
Haroon Anila A Department of Paediatrics, The Aga Khan University Hospital, - - 2014
Objective: To determine the short-term neonatal outcomes in late preterm infants (LPI's) as compared to term infants and their association with maternal risk factors. Study Design: A case control, descriptive study. Place and Duration of Study: The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan, from January to December 2009. Methodology: The ...
Bots Jessica J 1] Evolutionary Ecology Group, University of Antwerp, Groenenborgerlaan 171, B-2020 Antwerpen, Belgium - - 2014
Aneuploidies cause gene-dosage imbalances that presumably result in a generalized decreased developmental homeostasis, which is expected to be detectable through an increase in fluctuating asymmetry (FA) of bilateral symmetric traits. However, support for the link between aneuploidy and FA is currently limited and no comparisons among different aneuploidies have been ...
Horner Susan S Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital, Chicago, Illinois (Mss Horner, Simonelli, Schmidt, Cichowski, and Hancko and Mr Zhang); JFK Partners Center for Family and Infant Interaction, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora (Dr Ross); Rocky Mountain University of Health Professions, Provo, Utah (Dr Ross); Rose Medical Center, Denver, Colorado (Dr Ross); STAR Center, Denver, Colorado (Dr Ross); and Feeding FUNdamentals, LLC, Thornton, Colorado (Dr - - 2014
To evaluate the impact of implementing the Supporting Oral Feeding in Fragile Infants (SOFFI) program in a tertiary-level neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) on the oral feeding, growth, and length of stay outcomes of a heterogeneous population of medically fragile infants at discharge and feeding and growth outcomes postdischarge at ...
Tanabe Keiko K Tohoku University - - 2014
In recent years, there has been an increase in the number of infants with very low birth weight (VLBW, i.e., weight less than 1,500 g) in Japan. However, the effect of VLBW on subsequent behavioral development and mental health remains unknown. Subjects enrolled were 57 individuals (13.4 ± 1.9 years ...
Vagedes Jan J Children's Hospital, Department of Neonatology, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany ; ARCIM-Institute, Research Department, Filderklinik, Filderstadt, - - 2014
The number of desaturations determined in recordings of pulse oximeter saturation (SpO2) primarily depends on the time over which values are averaged. As the averaging time in pulse oximeters is not standardized, it varies considerably between centers. To make SpO2 data comparable, it is thus desirable to have a formula ...
McNellis Emily M EM Division of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine, The Children's Mercy Hospitals and Clinics, 2401 Gillham Road, Kansas City, MO 64108, - - 2014
Pulmonary lymphatic development in chronic lung disease (CLD) has not been investigated, and anatomy of lymphatics in human infant lungs is not well defined. Hypothesis. Pulmonary lymphatic hypoplasia is present in CLD. Method. Autopsy lung tissues of eighteen subjects gestational ages 22 to 40 weeks with and without history of ...
Ghaffari Vajihe V Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Mazandaran, - - 2014
This study was performed to compare the levels of pain experienced by young infants undergoing either suprapubic aspiration (SPA) or transurethral catheterization (TUC) for the collection of sterile urine samples. This prospective randomized clinical trial was conducted in hospitalized neonates in a university-affiliated hospital. Patients who required urine cultures were ...
Kiblawi Zeina N ZN a LA Biomed Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center and David Geffen School of Medicine , Los Angeles , California , - - 2014
ABSTRACT. Background: Methamphetamine (MA) use among pregnant women is an increasing problem in the United States. How MA use during pregnancy affects neonatal and infant neurobehavior is unknown. Methods: The Infant Development, Environment, and Lifestyle (IDEAL) study screened 34,833 subjects at 4 clinical centers. Of the subjects, 17,961 were eligible ...
Zhang Zhiqun Z Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Hangzhou First People's Hospital, Zhejiang, - - 2014
Anemia and the need for transfusion of packed red blood cells (PRBCs) are common in preterm infants. PRBC transfusion increases the oxygen carrying capacity of hemoglobin and may result in higher rates of organ dysfunction. To determine whether PRBC transfusion in preterm infants is associated with an increased incidence of ...
Radlowski Emily C EC Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois, United States of America; Division of Nutritional Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois, United States of - - 2014
The piglet was investigated as a potential model for studying brain and cognitive deficits associated with being born small for gestational age (SGA). Naturally farrowed SGA (0.7-1.0 kg BW) and average for gestational age (AGA, 1.3-1.6 kg BW) piglets were obtained on postnatal day (PD) 2, placed in individual cages, ...
Siriussawakul Arunotai A Department of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10700, - - 2014
The use of supplemental oxygen in uncomplicated cesarean deliveries under spinal anesthesia has been thoroughly investigated during recent decades. The aim of this study was to determine the benefits for both mother and infant of administering supplemental, low-dose oxygen via a nasal cannula versus having no supplement (i.e., room air ...
Nakajima Yoshiyuki Y Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tokyo Women's Medical University Yachiyo Medical Center, 477-96 Owadashinden, Chiba, Yachiyo, 276-8524, - - 2014
Creatine kinase (CK), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and amylase levels of preterm infants following long-term tocolysis in pregnant women are limited. The objective of this study was to determine if the tocolytic therapy affects CK, LDH, and amylase levels in the umbilical blood. This study included 215 preterm infants born to ...
Bhuiyan Taufiqur R TR International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b), Dhaka, - - 2014
Both Th1 and Th17 cells are important components of the immune response to Helicobacter pylori (Hp) in adults, but less is known about T cell responses to Hp during early childhood, when the infection is often acquired. We investigated Th1 and Th17 type responses to Hp in adults, children and ...
Sahin Alparslan A Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, Dicle University, Diyarbakır, - - 2014
Purpose. To investigate the incidence and the severity of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in extremely preterm infants born before 28 weeks of gestation in southeastern Turkey. Methods. A retrospective chart review was performed for infants born before 28 weeks of gestation. The following data were reviewed: gender, gestational age (GA), ...
Abdeyazdan Zahra Z Department of Pediatric Nursing, Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
Infection control is an essential part of caring for hospitalized infants. With regard to the change of bacterial resistance over time and places, as well as the need for periodic studies on the effectiveness of antiseptics, this study aims to compare the effects of both solutions of povidone-iodine and chlorhexidine ...
Koffman Jonathan J King's College London, Cicely Saunders Institute, Department of Palliative Care, Policy and Rehabilitation, London, United - - 2014
Ageing is a growing issue for people from UK black, Asian and minority ethnic (BAME) groups. The health experiences of these groups are recognised as a 'tracer' to measure success in end of life patient-preferred outcomes that includes place of death (PoD). To examine patterns in PoD among BAME groups ...
Alkhotani Abdulaziz A Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, - - 2014
The aims of this study were to detect the frequency at which the different types of neonatal jaundice occur in Makkah and to estimate the malondialdehyde (MDA) levels. This study included 239 neonates with neonatal jaundice, 20 anemic neonates and 21 healthy neonates. ABO incompatibility was observed in 31.6% of ...
Lu Yong-Ping - - 2014
BECKGROUND: Evaluate the efficacy and safety of telbivudine during the 2nd and 3rd trimester of pregnancy in intrauterine transmission of hepatitis B virus (HBV). Based on the principle of Cochrane systematic reviews, a database was constructed from Medline, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, the US National Science Digital Library (NSDL), the China ...
Perrone S S Neonatal Care Unit, Department of Molecular and Developmental Medicine, University Hospital of Siena, Viale M. Bracci 16, 53100 Siena, - - 2014
Objectives. To test the hypothesis that neonatal supplementation with lutein in the first hours of life reduces neonatal oxidative stress (OS) in the immediate postpartum period. Methods. A randomized controlled, double-blinded clinical trial was conducted among 150 newborns divided into control group, not supplemented (n = 47), and test group, ...
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