Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1918
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Haroon Anila A Department of Paediatrics, The Aga Khan University Hospital, - - 2014
Objective: To determine the short-term neonatal outcomes in late preterm infants (LPI's) as compared to term infants and their association with maternal risk factors. Study Design: A case control, descriptive study. Place and Duration of Study: The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan, from January to December 2009. Methodology: The ...
Bots Jessica J 1] Evolutionary Ecology Group, University of Antwerp, Groenenborgerlaan 171, B-2020 Antwerpen, Belgium - - 2014
Aneuploidies cause gene-dosage imbalances that presumably result in a generalized decreased developmental homeostasis, which is expected to be detectable through an increase in fluctuating asymmetry (FA) of bilateral symmetric traits. However, support for the link between aneuploidy and FA is currently limited and no comparisons among different aneuploidies have been ...
Horner Susan S Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital, Chicago, Illinois (Mss Horner, Simonelli, Schmidt, Cichowski, and Hancko and Mr Zhang); JFK Partners Center for Family and Infant Interaction, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora (Dr Ross); Rocky Mountain University of Health Professions, Provo, Utah (Dr Ross); Rose Medical Center, Denver, Colorado (Dr Ross); STAR Center, Denver, Colorado (Dr Ross); and Feeding FUNdamentals, LLC, Thornton, Colorado (Dr - - 2014
To evaluate the impact of implementing the Supporting Oral Feeding in Fragile Infants (SOFFI) program in a tertiary-level neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) on the oral feeding, growth, and length of stay outcomes of a heterogeneous population of medically fragile infants at discharge and feeding and growth outcomes postdischarge at ...
Tanabe Keiko K Tohoku University - - 2014
In recent years, there has been an increase in the number of infants with very low birth weight (VLBW, i.e., weight less than 1,500 g) in Japan. However, the effect of VLBW on subsequent behavioral development and mental health remains unknown. Subjects enrolled were 57 individuals (13.4 ± 1.9 years ...
Vagedes Jan J Children's Hospital, Department of Neonatology, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany ; ARCIM-Institute, Research Department, Filderklinik, Filderstadt, - - 2014
The number of desaturations determined in recordings of pulse oximeter saturation (SpO2) primarily depends on the time over which values are averaged. As the averaging time in pulse oximeters is not standardized, it varies considerably between centers. To make SpO2 data comparable, it is thus desirable to have a formula ...
McNellis Emily M EM Division of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine, The Children's Mercy Hospitals and Clinics, 2401 Gillham Road, Kansas City, MO 64108, - - 2014
Pulmonary lymphatic development in chronic lung disease (CLD) has not been investigated, and anatomy of lymphatics in human infant lungs is not well defined. Hypothesis. Pulmonary lymphatic hypoplasia is present in CLD. Method. Autopsy lung tissues of eighteen subjects gestational ages 22 to 40 weeks with and without history of ...
Ghaffari Vajihe V Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Mazandaran, - - 2014
This study was performed to compare the levels of pain experienced by young infants undergoing either suprapubic aspiration (SPA) or transurethral catheterization (TUC) for the collection of sterile urine samples. This prospective randomized clinical trial was conducted in hospitalized neonates in a university-affiliated hospital. Patients who required urine cultures were ...
Kiblawi Zeina N ZN a LA Biomed Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center and David Geffen School of Medicine , Los Angeles , California , - - 2014
ABSTRACT. Background: Methamphetamine (MA) use among pregnant women is an increasing problem in the United States. How MA use during pregnancy affects neonatal and infant neurobehavior is unknown. Methods: The Infant Development, Environment, and Lifestyle (IDEAL) study screened 34,833 subjects at 4 clinical centers. Of the subjects, 17,961 were eligible ...
Zhang Zhiqun Z Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Hangzhou First People's Hospital, Zhejiang, - - 2014
Anemia and the need for transfusion of packed red blood cells (PRBCs) are common in preterm infants. PRBC transfusion increases the oxygen carrying capacity of hemoglobin and may result in higher rates of organ dysfunction. To determine whether PRBC transfusion in preterm infants is associated with an increased incidence of ...
Radlowski Emily C EC Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois, United States of America; Division of Nutritional Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois, United States of - - 2014
The piglet was investigated as a potential model for studying brain and cognitive deficits associated with being born small for gestational age (SGA). Naturally farrowed SGA (0.7-1.0 kg BW) and average for gestational age (AGA, 1.3-1.6 kg BW) piglets were obtained on postnatal day (PD) 2, placed in individual cages, ...
Siriussawakul Arunotai A Department of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10700, - - 2014
The use of supplemental oxygen in uncomplicated cesarean deliveries under spinal anesthesia has been thoroughly investigated during recent decades. The aim of this study was to determine the benefits for both mother and infant of administering supplemental, low-dose oxygen via a nasal cannula versus having no supplement (i.e., room air ...
Roy Amrita A Department of Paediatrics, Medical College and Hospitals, Kolkata, West Bengal, - - 2014
The increase in invasive fungal infections (IFIs) in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is jeopardizing the survival of preterm neonates. Probiotics modulating the intestinal microflora of preterm neonates may minimize enteral fungal colonization. This study was to examine whether probiotic supplementation in neonates reduced fungal septicemia. This prospective, randomized, double ...
Nakajima Yoshiyuki Y Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tokyo Women's Medical University Yachiyo Medical Center, 477-96 Owadashinden, Chiba, Yachiyo, 276-8524, - - 2014
Creatine kinase (CK), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and amylase levels of preterm infants following long-term tocolysis in pregnant women are limited. The objective of this study was to determine if the tocolytic therapy affects CK, LDH, and amylase levels in the umbilical blood. This study included 215 preterm infants born to ...
Bhuiyan Taufiqur R TR International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b), Dhaka, - - 2014
Both Th1 and Th17 cells are important components of the immune response to Helicobacter pylori (Hp) in adults, but less is known about T cell responses to Hp during early childhood, when the infection is often acquired. We investigated Th1 and Th17 type responses to Hp in adults, children and ...
Sahin Alparslan A Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, Dicle University, Diyarbakır, - - 2014
Purpose. To investigate the incidence and the severity of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in extremely preterm infants born before 28 weeks of gestation in southeastern Turkey. Methods. A retrospective chart review was performed for infants born before 28 weeks of gestation. The following data were reviewed: gender, gestational age (GA), ...
Abdeyazdan Zahra Z Department of Pediatric Nursing, Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
Infection control is an essential part of caring for hospitalized infants. With regard to the change of bacterial resistance over time and places, as well as the need for periodic studies on the effectiveness of antiseptics, this study aims to compare the effects of both solutions of povidone-iodine and chlorhexidine ...
Koffman Jonathan J King's College London, Cicely Saunders Institute, Department of Palliative Care, Policy and Rehabilitation, London, United - - 2014
Ageing is a growing issue for people from UK black, Asian and minority ethnic (BAME) groups. The health experiences of these groups are recognised as a 'tracer' to measure success in end of life patient-preferred outcomes that includes place of death (PoD). To examine patterns in PoD among BAME groups ...
Alkhotani Abdulaziz A Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, - - 2014
The aims of this study were to detect the frequency at which the different types of neonatal jaundice occur in Makkah and to estimate the malondialdehyde (MDA) levels. This study included 239 neonates with neonatal jaundice, 20 anemic neonates and 21 healthy neonates. ABO incompatibility was observed in 31.6% of ...
Lu Yong-Ping - - 2014
BECKGROUND: Evaluate the efficacy and safety of telbivudine during the 2nd and 3rd trimester of pregnancy in intrauterine transmission of hepatitis B virus (HBV). Based on the principle of Cochrane systematic reviews, a database was constructed from Medline, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, the US National Science Digital Library (NSDL), the China ...
Perrone S S Neonatal Care Unit, Department of Molecular and Developmental Medicine, University Hospital of Siena, Viale M. Bracci 16, 53100 Siena, - - 2014
Objectives. To test the hypothesis that neonatal supplementation with lutein in the first hours of life reduces neonatal oxidative stress (OS) in the immediate postpartum period. Methods. A randomized controlled, double-blinded clinical trial was conducted among 150 newborns divided into control group, not supplemented (n = 47), and test group, ...
Collinson Lucie L Department of Public Health, University of Otago Wellington , Wellington , New - - 2014
Background. The violent deaths of media workers is a critical issue worldwide, especially in areas of political and social instability. Such deaths can be a particular concern as they may undermine the development and functioning of an open and democratic society. Method. Data on the violent deaths of media workers ...
Seth Bhavna B Department of Pediatrics, Lady Hardinge Medical College and Associated Hospitals, Neonatal Nursery, New Delhi, - - 2014
The objective of the following study is to determine the effect of umbilical artery pH at birth on early neurobehavioral outcome of preterm infants as assessed by Neurobehavioral Assessment of Preterm Infants (NAPI) tool. Prospective cohort study conducted at the neonatal unit in a tertiary care center in North India. ...
Goudjil Sabrina S Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Amiens University Hospital, Amiens, France; INSERM U1105, GRAMFC, Jules Verne University of Picardie, Amiens, - - 2014
To evaluate the impact of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) on the pulse phase difference (PPD) between the left foot (postductal region) and the right hand (preductal region). PPD was determined from arterial photoplethysmography signals (pulse waves) measured by infrared sensors routinely used for pulse oximetry in 56 premature infants less ...
Dean Douglas C DC 3rd Advanced Baby Imaging Lab, School of Engineering, Brown University, Providence, Rhode - - 2014
Converging evidence suggests brain structure alterations may precede overt cognitive impairment in Alzheimer disease by several decades. Early detection of these alterations holds inherent value for the development and evaluation of preventive treatment therapies. To compare magnetic resonance imaging measurements of white matter myelin water fraction (MWF) and gray matter ...
Tian X Y - - 2014
The current study aims to determine the contents of biological markers in cord blood and to investigate their feasibility as the predictive indices of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in premature infants. Cord blood was collected from 134 premature infants that had birth weight < or = 1500 g and gestational age ...
Chi Hsin H Department of Pediatrics, Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; Graduate Institute of Clinical Medicine, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Nursing, Mackay Junior College of Medicine, Nursing, and Management, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Medicine, Mackay Medical College, New Taipei City, - - 2014
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) circulates year round in Taiwan. A novel six consecutive monthly doses of palivizumab for RSV prevention protocol has been approved for high risk preterm infants since December 2010. This study aimed to determine the clinical effectiveness and safety of this novel protocol for the prevention of ...
Kang Liane J LJ Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada; Neonatal Research Unit, Royal Alexandra Hospital, Alberta Health Services, Edmonton, - - 2014
If infants fail to initiate spontaneous breathing, resuscitation guidelines recommend respiratory support with positive pressure ventilation (PPV). The purpose of PPV is to establish functional residual capacity and deliver an adequate tidal volume (VT) to achieve gas exchange. The aim of our pilot study was to measure changes in exhaled ...
Kwiatkowski David M DM Heart Institute, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio. Electronic address: - - 2013
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common in infants after cardiopulmonary bypass and is associated with poor outcomes. Peritoneal dialysis improves outcomes in adults with AKI after bypass, but pediatric data are limited. This retrospective case-matched study was conducted to determine if the practice of peritoneal dialysis catheter (PDC) placement during ...
Geva Ronny R Department of Psychology, The Gonda Multidisciplinary Brain Research Center, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan, - - 2013
Behavioral inhibition (BI), the tendency to withdraw or exhibit negative affect when experiencing stressful situations, is a major risk factor for the development of social anxiety. However, neonatal biologic origins of this progression are still unknown. Click here to enter text.This study aimed to extend frameworks of behavioral inhibition by ...
Kumwenda Chiza C Department of International Health, University of Tampere School of Medicine, Tampere, Finland (CK and PA); the Program in International and Community Nutrition, Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA (MJH and KGD); the Department of Nutrition and Public Health Intervention Research, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom (JH); and the Department of Community Health, College of Medicine, University of Malawi, Blantyre, Malawi (CK and - - 2013
The potential for small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS) to promote growth and development after 6 mo of age is currently being investigated. Because infants self-regulate energy intake, consumption of LNS may reduce breast milk intake and potentially decrease the beneficial effects of breast milk. The objective was to test the ...
Shah Dhara - - 2013
Background: Bacterial colonisation of neonates and the birth canal by group B streptococci (GBS) plays a significant role in the development of neonatal infections. Objectives: To determine the rate of GBS colonisation in neonates in the first 48 hours of life and to identify the risk factors associated with GBS ...
Chang Hyoung Woo HW Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Seoul National University Children's Hospital, Seoul, - - 2013
Reducing the cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) priming volume in congenital cardiac surgery is important because it is associated with fewer transfusions. This retrospective study was designed to compare safety and transfusion volumes between the mini-volume priming (MP) and conventional priming (CP) methods. Between 2007 and 2012, congenital heart surgery using CPB ...
Hjalmarson Ola O Department of Paediatrics, the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, , Gothenburg, - - 2013
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), defined as protracted neonatal hypoxaemia, is considered a risk factor for respiratory disease in adulthood. The relationship between this diagnosis and the actual lung injury appearing in very immature infants is, however, unknown. To compare lung function at term in very immature infants and full-term infants, and ...
Dix Laura M L LM Department of Neonatology, Wilhelmina Children's Hospital/University Medical Center Utrecht, The - - 2013
Background: Carbon monoxide (CO), a relaxant regulator of muscle tone and marker of oxidative stress and inflammation, can be measured in exhaled air by determination of end-tidal CO corrected for CO in ambient air (ETCOc). Objective: Increased endogenous production of CO may influence patency of the ductus arteriosus, cerebral perfusion ...
Bastek Jamie A JA Maternal and Child Health Research Program, Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Center for Research on Reproduction and Women's Health, University of Pennsylvania, Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia Pennsylvania. Electronic address: - - 2013
To determine whether prenatal inflammation, as assessed by clinical chorioamnionitis (CCA), maternal temperature > 38°C (T38), or histological chorioamnionitis (HCA), is associated with a composite adverse neonatal outcome (COMP). We performed a prospective cohort study of women who presented 22-33 6/7 weeks with symptoms of labor (4/2009 -3/2012). Relevant maternal ...
Chen I-Lun IL Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung, - - 2013
Objective The aim of our study is to clarify the perinatal predictive factors of meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) with neurodevelopmental delay (ND) in infants. Materials and Methods In this retrospective study, data were collected from the infants born between 1990 and 2008. They all had primary diagnosis of MAS. Multivariable analyzed perinatal ...
Grant Cameron C CC Paediatrics: Child and Youth - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:To determine the vitamin D dose necessary to achieve serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentration ≥20 ng/mL during infancy.METHODS:A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in New Zealand. Pregnant mothers, from 27 weeks' gestation to birth, and then their infants, from birth to age 6 months, were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 ...
Gupta Neelam - - 2013
Infants with significant congenital heart disease (CHD) typically require transport from their birth centre to a regional paediatric cardiac centre. Antenatal diagnosis of CHD allows early pre-emptive stabilisation, and is associated with improved early clinical status. However, the effect of antenatal diagnosis on the transport characteristics of infants with CHD ...
Pavcnik-Arnol Maja M Department of Paediatric Surgery and Intensive Care, University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Ljubljana, - - 2013
Background: Intra-amniotic inflammation with preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) is a risk factor for fetal inflammatory response syndrome (FIRS) and adverse neonatal outcome. Objectives: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of lipopolysaccharide-binding protein (LBP) for detecting FIRS in preterm neonates born after PPROM. Methods: This was a prospective study in ...
Beken Serdar S 1Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Gazi University, Ankara, - - 2013
Newborns are exposed to a considerable number of painful stimuli. This study is aimed to investigate the effects of 30% glucose solution and nonnutritive sucking on pain perception during venipuncture. Twenty-five term infants were randomized as receiving 30% dextrose (group 1) or sterile water (group 2). Neonatal Infant Pain Scale ...
Chen Si-Qin SQ Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine whether the MACEI and MACawake of sevoflurane in infants with obstructive jaundice are different from that observed in nonjaundiced infants. Infants scheduled for abdominal surgery were recruited into the study. General anesthesia was induced with 8% sevoflurane inhaled with 8 l·min(-1) of oxygen ...
Hara Shinya S Department of Pediatrics, Toyota Memorial Hospital, Toyota, - - 2013
Human parechovirus-3 (HPeV-3) has been associated with severe clinical manifestations in neonates and infants in the form of sepsis or hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH)-like illness. To clarify the clinical features of HPeV-3 infection, we compared clinical signs and laboratory findings among enteroviruses (EVs), HPeV-3, and other infections. Participants were 26 febrile ...
Durvasula Venkata S P B - - 2013
PurposePrematurity is thought to be to be an independent risk factor for supraglottoplasty (SGP) failure. The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes of supraglottoplasty in premature infants with congenital laryngomalacia (LM) with that of term infants.Study DesignCase series with chart review.SettingTertiary-care pediatric institution.MethodsAnalysis was performed on 325 ...
Oncel Mehmet Yekta - - 2013
To evaluate the effect of oral Lactobacillus reuteri (L reuteri) first on the incidence and severity of Necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) and second on sepsis. Prospective randomised controlled study. Tertiary neonatal intensive care unit. Preterm infants with a gestational age of ≤32 weeks and a birth weight of ≤1500 g were ...
Turrentine Mark - - 2013
Despite progress in preventing infant group B streptococcal disease, group B streptococcus remains the leading cause of early-onset neonatal sepsis in the United States. Fortunately, most women who are colonized with group B streptococcus receive therapy and antibiotic prophylaxis is effective. However, the only factor associated with missed chemoprophylaxis is ...
Sadacharan Radha - - 2013
Background:Distribution of industry-sponsored formula sample packs to new mothers undermines breastfeeding.Objective:Using data from the Infant Feeding Practices Study II (IFPS II), we aimed to determine whether receipt of 4 different types of bags was associated with exclusive breastfeeding during the first 6 months of life.Methods:We extracted data from IFPS II ...
Kuklina Elena V - - 2013
Although the observed association between breastfeeding and cardiometabolic profile in childhood and adolescence in previous studies (refs) has biological plausibility, the precise mechanism and magnitude remains far from being fully understood.(1) Early nutrition and epigenetic programming(2), anti-inflammatory properties(3), and cardiorespiratory fitness(4) are among numerous hypotheses that are currently being actively ...
Lee Hee Song - - 2013
Objective: Cerebral palsy (CP) is a disabling condition characterized by the motor impairment, which is difficult to be ameliorated. In the brain of infants with CP, there are persistent pathomechanisms including accentuated neuroinflammation. Since erythropoietin was demonstrated to have neuroprotective effect via anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic properties, we hypothesized that the ...
Joy Rojo R Departments of Pediatrics and Biochemistry, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), , Pondicherry, - - 2014
To evaluate whether preterm very low birth weight (VLBW) infants receiving early iron (EI) supplementation (2 mg/kg/day elemental iron) at 2 weeks postnatal age have improved serum ferritin levels compared with late iron (LI) supplementation at 6 weeks postnatal age. Single-blinded parallel-group interventional randomised controlled trial. Tertiary care centre in ...
Fujiwara Tohru - - 2013
Children with early adiposity rebound (AR), deducted from an individual body mass index (BMI) growth curves, have an increased risk of metabolic disease as adults. However, the children showing an early AR are not fully characterized. Our objective was to investigate the prevalence and characteristics of the infants developing early ...
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