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Results 151 - 200 of 1925
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Duggan Christopher C Divisions of - - 2014
Pregnant women in resource-poor areas are at risk of multiple micronutrient deficiencies, and indicators of low vitamin B-12 status have been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, including anemia, low birth weight, and intrauterine growth retardation. To evaluate whether daily oral vitamin B-12 supplementation during pregnancy increases maternal and infant measures ...
Surmeli-Onay Ozge O Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Hacettepe University, Ankara, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Numerous investigations have demonstrated that phototherapy (PT) directly or indirectly causes ductal patency by photorelaxation effect. In this observational study, we aimed to assess the effect of PT on the incidence of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) together with PGE2 and PGI2 levels in preterm infants. Methods: Preterm infants ...
Erdemir Aydin A Tepecik Education and Research Hospital, Neonatology Clinic, Yenisehir, Izmir, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To investigate the effects of topical ointment therapy on neonatal sepsis in premature infants. Methods: A total of 197 premature infants ≤34 weeks gestation were randomized to receive topical ointment (Aquaphor Original Emollient) or routine skin care group. Skin cultures were obtained on 3th, 7th and 14th day ...
Alkharfy Turki - - 2014
Background: Emollient therapy is used frequently to prevent nosocomial infection in the management of preterm infants, despite a lack of adequate evidence of its efficacy. Objective: To assess the efficacy of prophylactic whole-body application of pure preservative-free topical petroleum jelly on the incidence of nosocomial sepsis in very low-birthweight (VLBW) ...
Lanou Hermann H Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé, Ministry of Scientific Research and Innovation, Ouagadougou, Burkina - - 2014
Prenatal lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS) have been shown to improve birth anthropometry. However, little is known about the effects of such supplements on infant health. We hypothesized that prenatal LNS compared with multiple micronutrient supplement for pregnant and lactating women would improve survival, growth, and morbidity during infancy. Infants' weight, ...
Ca─člar Seda - - 2014
To examine the effects of using vinyl isolation bags or polyethylene wrap for the prevention of postnatal hypothermia in preterm infants at ≤ 32 weeks gestation. A prospective, randomized controlled trial. The neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of the Istanbul Faculty of Medicine in Turkey. Fifty-nine preterm infants. Participants were randomly assigned to ...
Nhoncanse Geiza Cesar GC UFSCar, Sao Carlos, SP, - - 2014
Objective: To assess the prevalence of congenital defects and to investigate their maternal and perinatal associated aspects by reviewing Birth Certificates. Methods: Among all born alive infants from January 2003 to December 2007 in Maternidade da Santa Casa de Misericórdia of São Carlos, Southeast Brazil (12,199 infants), cases were identified ...
Manzoni Paolo P Neonatology and NICU, S. Anna Hospital; Torino, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
NEC is a common and severe complication in premature neonates, particularly those with very-low-birth-weight (VLBW, <1500 g at birth). Probiotics including lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) proved effective in preventing NEC in preterm infants in several RCTs. Lactoferrin, a mammalian milk glycoprotein involved in innate immune host defences, can reduce the ...
Zahedpasha Yadollah Y Faculty, Paediatric Research Center, Amirkola Children Hospital, Department of Paediatric, School of Medicine, Babol University of Medical Sciences , Babol, Iran - - 2014
Background and Aim: The pathogenesis of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia hasn't been completely defined in Gloucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficient newborns. The aim of this study was to detect the relationship between Gilbert's syndrome and hyperbilirubinemia in Gloucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficient neonates. Materials and Methods: This case-control study was conducted in Amirkola pediatrics ...
Singhal Seema S Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjang Hospital , New Delhi, India - - 2014
Introduction: Unmet need for family planning approaches 40% or higher and many women are at risk of unintended pregnancy. Progesterone contraception after birth is frequently recommended, but concern remain of inhibition of lactation or effects on infant health. In present study we aimed to evaluate impact of short term use ...
Stimac Maja - - 2014
The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of chorioamnionitis on mortality and early onset neonatal sepsis (EONS) and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in preterm neonates with birth weight < or = 1,500 g. The study included 395 preterm infants born at the Zagreb Clinical Hospital Center, from January ...
Bai Xue-Mei XM Department of Pediatrics ,The Second Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Dalian, - - 2014
We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of nasal synchronized intermittent mandatory ventilation (nSIMV) in preterm infants with primary apnea of prematurity (AOP). Forty-four preterm infants with AOP were divided into the nSIMV group or nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) group. Clinical symptoms, signs and blood gas results following nSIMV ...
Voskamp Bart Jan BJ Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Objective To assess differences in mode of delivery and pregnancy outcome between prenatally detected and nonprenatally detected small for gestational age (SGA) neonates born at term. Study Design We performed a retrospective multicenter cohort study. All singleton infants, born SGA in cephalic position between 360/7 and 410/7 weeks gestation, were classified as ...
Cetinkaya Merih M Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Kanuni Sultan Suleyman Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, - - 2014
Objective Systemic fungal infections are major causes of morbidity and mortality, and are associated with significant neurodevelopmental impairment in premature infants. Our objective was to evaluate the efficacy of fluconazole prophylaxis in prevention of systemic fungal infections among preterm infants. Study Design This observational pre-post cohort study was performed in preterm infants ...
Costa S S Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Catholic University of Sacred Heart, Rome, - - 2014
Fluconazole prophylaxis of invasive fungal infections is a cornerstone of neonatal care, but in vitro studies have shown it inhibits corticosteroid production. This study assessed whether preterm infants demonstrated an association between fluconazole administration, and its duration, and symptoms of adrenocortical insufficiency. We compared two groups who were treated before ...
Parajuli Rajendra Prasad - - 2014
Caste, a proxy of socioeconomic position, can influence the neurodevelopment of children through several pathways, including exposure to toxic elements. Studies from developing countries where caste is represented by prevailing caste groups and people are highly exposed to toxic elements can provide useful insights into the mechanisms of neurodevelopmental inequities ...
Karadag Nilgun N Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Dr. Sami Ulus Maternity and Children Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
Objective The objective of this study was to compare the perfusion index (PI) variability in premature infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) following administration of two different natural surfactant preparations. Study design This was a prospective study on 92 preterm infants with RDS. Patients were randomized into two groups. Group 1 (n = 46) ...
Habibi Morteza M Neonatal Department, Kosar Gynecology and Obstetrics hospital, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, - - 2014
This study was conducted to compare the effects of Eau de Dalibour and ethanol on preventing omphalitis and also on umbilical cord separation time in neonates. In this clinical trial, 178 randomly selected, healthy term neonates were investigated. To disinfect the umbilical cords, Eau de Dalibour was used for 84 ...
Verd S S Department of Paediatrics, Hospital de la Santa Cruz y San Pablo. 90 Mas Casanovas St. 08041 Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine whether feeding type of trophic feeds affect haematological and biochemical markers in the very preterm infant. Fifty-six very preterm infants were enrolled in this retrospective study (30 infants were included in the only human milk-fed group and 26 in the formula-fed group). Routine haematological and biochemical variables were ...
Nimbalkar S M SM 0000000328252819 Department of Pediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad, Anand, - - 2014
Objective:To investigate the impact of early skin-to-skin contact (SSC) provided for first 24 h on incidence of hypothermia in stable newborns weighing 1800 g or more during first 48 h of life.Study Design:Stable newborns (term and late preterm: Mean gestational age 37.7 (1.35) weeks, range 34-40 weeks) having birth weight 1800 g or more ...
Vijlbrief Daniel C DC Department of Neonatology, Wilhelmina Children's Hospital/University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The - - 2014
Background: Impairment of gas and substrate exchange through the placenta leads to fetal hypoxia and growth restriction. Oxygenation of vital organs is maintained with preferential perfusion at the expense of less vital organs, challenging the fetal cardiovascular system. Objectives: To identify cardiovascular compromise in preterm small for gestational age (SGA) ...
Karakoç Ayse A Midwifery Department, Faculty of Health Science, Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
This experimental study on newborns was conducted to compare the effects of various atraumatic care procedures during an infant's crying response to pain. Included in this study were 120 newborns chosen from among healthy infants admitted to the Obstetrics Department of Çanakkale State Hospital between April 2010 and June 2010. ...
Chorna Olena D OD Vanderbilt Kennedy Center, Nashville, - - 2014
We conducted a randomized trial to test the hypothesis that mother's voice played through a pacifier-activated music player (PAM) during nonnutritive sucking would improve the development of sucking ability and promote more effective oral feeding in preterm infants. Preterm infants between 34 0/7 and 35 6/7 weeks' postmenstrual age, including ...
Metge Prune P Pediatric and Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, APHM, North Hospital, Aix-Marseille University, 13915, Marseille, - - 2014
The objective of the current study is to compare the use of a nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) to a high-flow humidified nasal cannula (HFNC) in infants with acute bronchiolitis, who were admitted to a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) during two consecutive seasons. We retrospectively reviewed the medical ...
Ling Zongxin Z State Key Laboratory for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, the First Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, 310003, - - 2014
Increasing evidence suggests that perturbations in the intestinal microbiota composition of infants may be implicated in the pathogenesis of food allergy (FA), while its actual structure and composition in human beings with FA remains unclear. Microbial diversity and composition were analyzed with parallel barcoded 454 pyrosequencing targeting the 16S rRNA ...
Chico Elsie E Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, 3359 Mississauga Road N, Mississauga, ON, Canada, - - 2014
Previous research has established that in comparison to adult mothers teen mothers respond less sensitively to their infants. In adults, components of executive functions relate directly to maternal sensitivity. Since teenagers are known to have a less developed prefrontal cortex and greater difficulties in parenting, this study sought to determine ...
Niela-Vilén Hannakaisa H Department of Nursing Science, University of Turku, Turku, - - 2014
Preterm infants are usually breastfed less than full-term infants, and successful breastfeeding requires a supportive environment and special efforts from their mothers. A breastfeeding peer-support group, utilising social media, was developed for these mothers in order to support them in this challenge. Mothers were able to discuss breastfeeding and share ...
Zamora C C Division of Pediatric Radiology, Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Charlotte R. Bloomberg Children's Center, Sheikh Zayed Tower, Baltimore, MD, - - 2014
Objective:To determine the normal range of resistive index (RI) variability in clinically/neurologically unremarkable preterm and term infants and to compare the hemodynamic response to transient elevation of intracranial pressure.Study Design:We measured RIs at baseline and following brief fontanel compression, assessing for differences in mean baseline and compression values and percent ...
Natarajan Chandra Kumar CK Divisions of Neonatology - - 2014
To compare the effect of 800 vs 400 IU of daily oral vitamin D3 on the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency (VDD) at 40 weeks' postmenstrual age (PMA) in preterm infants of 28 to 34 weeks' gestation. In this randomized double-blind trial, we allocated eligible infants to receive either 800 ...
Ranjit Thomas T Department of Neonatology, St. John's Medical College & Hospital, Bangalore, Karnataka, India, - - 2014
To compare the effect of early cord clamping (ECC) vs. delayed cord clamping (DCC) on hematocrit and serum ferritin at 6 wk of life in preterm infants. This randomized controlled trial was conducted in the delivery room and neonatal intensive care unit of a tertiary hospital. One hundred preterm infants born ...
Timby Niklas N Department of Clinical Sciences, Pediatrics (NT, OH, and MD) and the Department of Psychology (ED), Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden, and the Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA - - 2014
Observational studies have indicated that differences in the composition of human milk and infant formula yield benefits in cognitive development and early growth for breastfed infants OBJECTIVE: The objective was to test the hypothesis that feeding an infant formula with reduced energy and protein densities and supplemented with bovine milk ...
Konstantelos Dimitrios - - 2014
Delivery room management (DR) of the newly born infant should be performed according to international guidelines, but no recommendations are available for an infant's position immediately after birth. The present study was performed to answer the following questions: 1. How often is DR-management performed in term infants in side position? ...
Rognum Ingvar J IJ From the Department of Pathology, Boston Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts (IJR, HT, DSP, RLH, KGB, HCK); Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway (IJR); Department of Pathology, Rady Children's Hospital, San Diego, California (EAH, HFK); Medical Neurogenetics, Atlanta, Georgia (KH); New England Research Institutes, Watertown, Massachusetts (BJH); and San Diego County Medical Examiner's Office, San Diego, California - - 2014
Forensic biomarkers are needed in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) to help identify this group among other sudden unexpected deaths in infancy. Previously, we reported multiple serotonergic (5-HT) abnormalities in nuclei of the medulla oblongata that help mediate protective responses to homeostatic stressors. As a first step toward their assessment ...
Zheng Ying Y Institute of Human Nutrition, Medical College of Qingdao University, Qingdao 266021, PR - - 2014
To investigate whether there is an association between diameter of bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) scars and effect of purified protein derivative (PPD) reaction and to determine whether vitamin A (VA) combined vitamin D (VD) supplementation influences the immune response to BCG revaccinated in Chinese infants. A cross-section and 3-month community-randomised trial ...
Castrodale Val V Department of Neonatology, St Vincent Hospital (Ms Castrodale), and Newborn Intensive Care Unit, St Vincent Women's Hospital, Indianapolis, Indiana (Mrs - - 2014
A term borrowed from emergency and cardiovascular medicine, the phrase "Golden Hour" refers to the first hour of an infant's life following delivery. The impact of implementation of a Golden Hour Protocol in a level III neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) for infants delivered at less than 28 weeks gestation ...
Grytten Jostein J Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Institute of Clinical Medicine, Akershus University Hospital, Lørenskog, - - 2014
To study whether neonatal and infant mortality, after adjustments for differences in case mix, were independent of the type of hospital in which the delivery was carried out. The Medical Birth Registry of Norway provided detailed medical information for all births in Norway. Hospitals were classified into two groups: local ...
Chan N M NM Department of Paediatrics, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, 30 Gascoigne Road, Kowloon, Hong - - 2014
OBJECTIVES. To compare the effectiveness and complications of intravenous ibuprofen versus indomethacin treatment of patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infants. DESIGN. Retrospective case series. SETTING. A tertiary referral centre in Hong Kong. PATIENTS. A total of 95 infants who had received at least one course of indomethacin or ibuprofen for ...
Julkunen Mia K MK Pediatric Research Centre, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland; Department of Pediatrics, Tampere University Hospital, Tampere, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate electroencephalograms (EEG), evoked potentials (EPs) and Doppler findings in the cerebral arteries as predictors of a 1-year outcome in asphyxiated newborn infants. EEG and EPs (brain stem auditory (BAEP), somatosensory (SEP), visual (VEP) evoked potentials) were assessed in 30 asphyxiated and 30 healthy term infants during the first ...
Lausten-Thomsen Ulrik U 1 Department of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, University Hospital Rigshospitalet , Copenhagen , - - 2014
This study investigates the role of inflammation in intrauterine growth retardation by exploring the levels of inflammatory markers in umbilical cord blood from neonates who were born small-for-gestational-age (SGA) and comparing them to neonates who were born appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA). Interleukin 6 (IL-6), Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and C-reactive protein (CRP) ...
Neu Madalynn M University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, College of Nursing, 13120 E. 19th Ave, C-288, Aurora, CO 80045, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine whether kangaroo holding of healthy preterm infants over the first eight weeks of an infant's life facilitates co-regulation of salivary cortisol between mother and infant. Randomized control trial. Infants were assigned to receive 1h of daily kangaroo (skin-to-skin contact on the chest of mother) or blanket holding (dressed ...
Miao Xiaolin X Department of Pediatrics, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Jiangsu, China - - 2014
Diffusion-tensor imaging (DTI) can be used to investigate water diffusion in living tissue. To investigate sequence and relationship of regional maturation in corpus callosum (CC) and internal capsule (IC) in preterm and term. DTI was performed on 11 preterm infants at less than 37weeks of corrected gestational age (group I), ...
van Steenis A A Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The - - 2014
Objective: To estimate the incidence, risk factors, severity and outcome after perinatal asphyxia in monochorionic (MC) versus dichorionic (DC) twins. Methods: We included all consecutive near-term MC and DC twins with perinatal asphyxia admitted to our neonatal ward between 2004 and 2013 and compared the perinatal characteristics and neonatal outcome ...
Bache Manon M Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Centre Hospitalier de Luxembourg, 4 rue Ernest Barblé, 1210 Luxembourg. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of early oral stimulation before the introduction of oral feeding, over the duration of concomitant tube feeding ("transition period"), the length of hospital stay and the breastfeeding rates upon discharge in preterm infants. Preterm infants born between 26 and 33 weeks gestational age (n=86), were randomized ...
El-Sayed Amel A F AA 1Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi - - 2014
Horner syndrome may be seen in infants with extended Erb obstetric brachial plexus palsy. However, its prognostic value in these infants has not been previously investigated. A total of 220 infants with extended Erb palsy were included and divided into 2 groups: group I (n = 209) were infants with ...
Ozonoff Sally S University of California-Davis. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study had 3 goals, which were to examine the following: the frequency of atypical development, consistent with the broader autism phenotype, in high-risk infant siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD); the age at which atypical development is first evident; and which developmental domains are affected. A prospective ...
Beggs Sean S Department of Paediatrics, Royal Hobart Hospital, 48 Liverpool Street, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia, - - 2014
Bronchiolitis is a common lower respiratory tract illness, usually of viral aetiology, affecting infants younger than 24 months of age and is a frequent cause of hospitalisation. It causes airway inflammation, mucus production and mucous plugging, resulting in airway obstruction. Effective pharmacotherapy is lacking and bronchiolitis is a major cause ...
Yilmaz Gonca G 1Department of Social and Developmental Pediatrics, Dr. Sami Ulus Maternity and Children's Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
Background:Cup feeding has been used as an alternative feeding method for preterm infants.Objective:The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of bottle and cup feeding on exclusive breastfeeding rates at hospital discharge and 3 and 6 months post-discharge in late preterm infants.Methods:Included in the study were preterm infants ...
Vanderhoeven J P JP Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, - - 2014
Objective:To compare outcomes among late-preterm or early-term neonates according to fetal lung maturity (FLM) status.Study Design:We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 234 eligible singletons delivered after FLM testing before 39 weeks gestation at our center over a 2-year time period. A primary composite neonatal outcome included death and major ...
Czarnecki Michelle L ML Jane B. Pettit Pain Management Center, Children's Hospital of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, - - 2014
Continuous opioid infusion (COI) remains the mainstay of analgesic therapy in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Parent/nurse-controlled analgesia (PNCA) has been accepted as safe and effective for pediatric patients, but few reports include use in neonates. This study sought to compare outcomes of PNCA and COI in postsurgical neonates ...
Fujiwara Arisa - - 2014
Abstract Aim: To determine the factors affecting neonatal prognosis in preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM). Method: We conducted a case-control study involving 92 women between the years 2000 and 2010 diagnosed with PPROM between 25 and 31 weeks' gestation, who received antenatal steroids, and delivered between 26 and 31 ...
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