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Results 151 - 200 of 1776
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Yi Wei - - 2013
Despite appropriate immunoprophylaxis, HBV vertical transmission (VT) occurs in 5-10% of infants born to HBs-antigen (HBsAg) + mothers. We investigated whether amniocentesis increases the risk of transmission. We performed a case-control study on infants who were born to HBsAg + mothers without antiviral exposure and completed appropriate immunization. Infants born ...
Emond Alan - - 2013
A randomised, parallel group, pragmatic trial. A large UK maternity hospital. Term infants <2 weeks old with a mild or moderate degree of tongue-tie, and their mothers who were having difficulties breastfeeding. To determine if immediate frenotomy was better than standard breastfeeding support. Participants were randomised to an early frenotomy ...
Castanys-Muñoz Esther - - 2013
Lactose is the preeminent soluble glycan in milk and a significant source of energy for most newborn mammals. Elongation of lactose with additional monosaccharides gives rise to a varied repertoire of free soluble glycans such as 2'-fucosyllactose (2'-FL), which is the most abundant oligosaccharide in human milk. In infants, 2'-FL ...
Niinivirta Katri - - 2013
Abstract We aimed to explore whether maternal dietary counseling to increase the intake of unsaturated fatty acids (FA) is reflected in infant FA status. Serum cholesteryl ester (CE) and triacylglycerol (TAG) FA were analyzed from infants of 45 women randomized to receive dietary counseling from the first trimester of pregnancy ...
Ariff Shabina - - 2013
Adequacy of zinc intake from breast milk alone becomes marginal in relation to infant requirements by around 6 mo of age. Simple and cost-effective strategies are needed at the population level to ensure adequate intakes of zinc in infants and toddlers in populations at risk of zinc deficiency. We determined ...
Garofoli Francesca - - 2013
To measure the red cell distribution width (RDW) ranges at birth and to evaluate potential association with typical neonatal diseases: patent of the ductus arteriousus (PDA), bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), and late-onset sepsis (LOS) mortality. Forty-six full-term, 41 preterm, and 35 intrauterine growth restricted (IUGR) infants participated in this retrospective, observational ...
Biondi Eric - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Fever in infants is a common clinical dilemma. The objective of this study was to present data from hospital systems across the northeast, southeast, mid-west, and western United States to identify the pathogens causing bacteremia in febrile infants admitted to general care units.METHODS:This was a retrospective review of positive blood ...
Gómez-Gallego Carlos - - 2013
Infant microbiota is influenced by numerous factors, such as delivery mode, environment, prematurity and diet (breast milk or formula). In addition to its nutritional value, breast milk contains bioactive substances that drive microbial colonisation and support immune system development, which are usually not present in infant formulas. Among these substances, ...
Dilli Dilek D Department of Neonatology, Dr Sami Ulus Maternity and Children Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
To evaluate the efficacy of oral sucrose combined with non-nutritive sucking for reducing pain associated with retinopathy of prematurity screening. This was a randomised controlled study of 64 infants undergoing eye examination for retinopathy of prematurity screening. Topical anaesthetic (Proparacaine; Alcaine(®) drop 0.5%: ALCON CANADA Inc., Mississauga, Canada) was applied ...
Ghali Rim - - 2013
Objective: To describe the perinatal and neonatal outcomes for fetuses with posterior fossa (PF) anomalies - mega-cisterna magna (MCM), persistent Blake's pouch (PBP) or the Dandy-Walker continuum (DWC) - using a new classification. Methods: 46 cases with PF anomaly diagnosed on ultrasound (US) between 16 and 28 weeks' gestation were ...
Kalra Vaneet Kumar - - 2013
B type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a hormone released in response to stretching of the ventricular wall. The role of BNP as a biomarker of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) has not been clarified. To determine if plasma BNP concentrations correlate with the severity of BPD. This prospective observational case control study ...
Aghdas Karimi - - 2013
To evaluate the effect of mother-infant immediate skin-to-skin contact on primiparous mother's breastfeeding self-efficacy. A randomised control trial. The study was conducted in Omolbanin obstetrics hospital (large tertiary hospital), Mashhad, Iran. 114 18-35 year-old primiparous, Iranian, healthy and full term mothers who anticipated normal vaginal delivery and intended to breastfeed ...
Brunherotti Marisa A A MA Department of Physiotherapy, University of Franca (Unifran), Franca, - - 2013
To evaluate the effect of body position on the cardiorespiratory indicators of preterm newborns receiving nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). Analytical, observational, prospective, cross-sectional, randomised crossover study was carried out on sixteen newborns that received nasal CPAP. The infants had a mean gestational age of 29.7 ± 2 weeks and birthweight of ...
Xu Hua - - 2013
Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) is the main mode of spread of hepatitis B virus (HBV) in China. We performed a meta-analysis to compare the effects of three measures for prevention of MTCT. A meta-analysis was performed on randomized controlled trials and non-randomized studies comparing the index of MTCT among five groups ...
Sharma Preeti - - 2013
The role of gastric lavage in preventing retching, vomiting and secondary meconium aspiration syndrome in neonates with meconium-stained amniotic fluid is uncertain, and no there are no definitive guidelines.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of gastric lavage in preventing retching, vomiting and secondary meconium aspiration syndrome in neonates with meconium-stained amniotic ...
Narang Yum - - 2013
Birth asphyxia leading to acidosis comprises 20-60 % of perinatal mortality. Nuchal cord (NC) is one of the possible causes of birth asphyxia. Majority of fetuses who are antenatally detected to have nuchal cord are able to achieve successful vaginal birth. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect ...
Rozzelle C J - - 2013
Controversial reports exist in the literature regarding both the spinal level of the conus medullaris (CM) in normal infants and the age at which the CM achieves its adult level. Autopsy studies have demonstrated ascent continuing into early infancy while more recent imaging study series' suggest the adult conus level ...
Nishizaki Naoto - - 2013
Recent advancements in perinatal and neonatal care have increased the survival of preterm infants with lower birth weight and very low birth weight (VLBW; < 1,500 g) infants. Such infants are exposed to a higher risk of renal insufficiency in later life due to congenitally fewer nephrons; however, urinalysis in order to detect ...
Edwards Renee C - - 2013
Despite recent efforts to increase breastfeeding, young African American mothers continue to breastfeed at low rates, and commonly introduce complementary foods earlier than recommended. This study examines the effects of a community doula home visiting intervention on infant feeding practices among young mothers. Low-income, African American mothers (n = 248) ...
Hughes Julie - - 2013
Aims To determine the effect of nasogastric (NG) feeding compared with oral feeding on morphine requirements after primary cleft palate repair, and secondarily on enteral intake. Methods This was a pilot study involving 50 infants, aged five to ten months, who were randomised to receive NG or oral feeding after ...
Landis Melissa W - - 2013
Chylothorax is a frequent complication in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) infants and is associated with significant morbidity. The optimal treatment strategy remains unclear. We hypothesize that octreotide decreases chylous effusions in infants with CDH. This is a retrospective study of all infants with CDH admitted to our institution from October ...
Eun Ho Seon HS Department of Pediatrics, Severance Children's Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2013
Ureaplasma colonization is related with perinatal complications in preterm infants. Little is known about the difference in virulence among various Ureaplasma urealyticum serovars. The aim of this study was to determine U. urealyticum serovars of preterm infants in order to assess whether any of the serovars were associated with bronchopulmonary ...
Lee Pauline P Tameside and Glossop Early Attachment Service, Pennine Care NHS Foundation Trust. - - 2013
Early universal preventive interventions have the potential to improve the parent-infant relationship. Getting it Right from the Start is a DVD and booklet given free to new parents to promote sensitive and responsive early parenting and infant communication. Parents in the local area were canvassed for their views and opinions ...
Esfahani Mitra Savabi MS Department of Midwifery, Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2013
Vaccination is one of the most common painful procedures in infants. The irreversible consequences due to pain experiences in infants are enormous. Breast feeding and massage therapy methods are the non-drug methods of pain relief. Therefore, this research aimed to compare the vaccination-related pain in infants who underwent massage therapy ...
Kurokawa Cilmery Suemi CS Department of Pediatrics Bioscience Institute of Botucatu, UNESP, Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil. kurokawa@fmb.unesp.br, - - 2013
This study aimed to evaluate the levels of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines in umbilical cord blood of preterm neonates who developed focal early-onset infection (EOI) after preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM). This is a prospective study conducted on 46 preterm infants from mothers with PPROM. The cytokines were measure ...
Vasudevan Chakrapani - - 2013
Soy-based intravenous fat emulsion (IVFE) is known to cause a rise in pulmonary artery pressure in the preterm infant, thought to be mediated through eicosanoid metabolites of linoleic acid. We compared the effect of soy-based IVFE and an olive-oil-based IVFE containing less than half the content of linoleic acid on ...
Fazilleau L - - 2013
The Newborn Individualized Development Care and Assessment Program (NIDCAP) incorporates many aspects of developmental care and focuses on individualised family-oriented care. To evaluate the effect of NIDCAP on neurodevelopmental and clinical outcomes in the preterm infant in the first 2 years. MEDLINE database and the Cochrane Library. Randomised controlled trials ...
Fan Wenguang - - 2013
The development of the gut is controlled and modulated by different interacting mechanisms such as, genetic endowment, intrinsic biological regulatory functions, environment influences and last but no least, the diet influence. In this work, we compared the fecal microbiota of breast-fed (BF), formula-fed (FF) and mixed-fed (MF) infants from Hebei ...
Holman Shaina D SD Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.A.; Department of Neural and Pain Sciences, University of Maryland School of Dentistry, Baltimore, Maryland, - - 2014
Abnormal kinematics during swallowing can result in aspiration, which may become life threatening. We tested the role of palatal sensation in the motor control of pharyngeal swallow in infants. In eight infant pigs, we reduced palatal sensation using local anesthesia (PLA) and measured the impact on swallowing kinematics and airway ...
Carmichael Suzan L - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Experimental evidence suggests pesticides may be associated with hypospadias.OBJECTIVE:Examine the association of hypospadias with residential proximity to commercial agricultural pesticide applications.METHODS:The study population included male infants born from 1991 to 2004 to mothers residing in 8 California counties. Cases (n = 690) were ascertained by the California Birth Defects Monitoring ...
Arai Hirokazu - - 2013
Funisitis reflects the fetal systemic inflammatory response in premature infants. Macrophages and neutrophils have been identified as key elements in the inflammatory process of the lungs, and secrete proteases that cause the destruction of the extracellular matrix (ECM). Fibronectin (FN) is the major constituent of the pulmonary ECM and exists ...
Mage David T - - 2013
Male excess infant mortality is well known but unexplained. In 2004 we reported Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and other infant respiratory deaths showed a ~50% male excess in the US between 1979 and 2002. This study analyses expanded US data from 1968 to 2010 to see whether infant respiratory ...
Boskabadi Hassan - - 2013
To determine the prooxidant-antioxidant balance (PAB) in neonatal asphyxia and compare it with values for PAB in healthy neonates. In a prospective observational study, serum PAB of umbilical cord blood of 30 neonates with asphyxia [pH < 7.2, low Apgar score, signs of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS)] as the case group ...
Fouzas Sotirios - - 2013
To assess the feasibility of using volumetric capnography in spontaneously breathing small infants and its ability to discriminate between infants with and without bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Lung function variables for 231 infants (102 term, 52 healthy preterm, 77 BPD), matched for post-conceptional age of 44 weeks, were collected. BPD was ...
Fischer Hendrik S - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:Mechanical ventilation via an endotracheal tube is a risk factor for bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), one of the most common morbidities of very preterm infants. Our objective was to investigate the effect that strategies to avoid endotracheal mechanical ventilation (eMV) have on the incidence of BPD in preterm infants ...
Chaudhary Rajiv - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:Therapeutic hypothermia is now the standard of care for hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. Treatment should be started early, and it is often necessary to transfer the infant to a regional NICU for ongoing care. There are no large studies reporting outcomes from infants cooled passively compared with active (servo-controlled) cooling ...
Field David D DM, Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, 22-28 Princess Rd West, Leicester, UK. - - 2013
Despite evidence to support the use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in defined groups of newborn infants, rates of impairment among survivors remain high. Therapeutic hypothermia has been shown to provide neuroprotection in mature infants exposed to perinatal asphyxia. We hypothesized that therapeutic hypothermia during ECMO would reduce the proportion ...
Soares Daniele de Almeida - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a short bout of practice on reaching behavior in late preterm infants at the onset of goal-directed reaching. The study was designed as a blind, three-arm parallel-group, randomized controlled, clinical trial. Thirty-six late preterm infants were recruited from a ...
Paine Simon Ml - - 2013
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is a leading cause of post-neonatal infant death in the developed world. The cause of SIDS is unknown but several hypotheses have been proposed, including the 'triple risk hypothesis', which predicts that fetal development of infants who subsequently succumb to SIDS is abnormal, leaving them ...
Krieger Nancy - - 2013
Objectives. We explored associations between the abolition of Jim Crow laws (i.e., state laws legalizing racial discrimination overturned by the 1964 US Civil Rights Act) and birth cohort trends in infant death rates. Methods. We analyzed 1959 to 2006 US Black and White infant death rates within and across sets ...
Wilinska M - - 2013
This study was undertaken to document the real impact of a directed shift in the standard of neonatal practice to a pervasive use of noninvasive respiratory support. Before-after observational study. All 18 neonatal ICUs in the capital region of Poland. Every infant admitted to a neonatal ICU who received respiratory ...
Underwood Mark A - - 2013
To determine the impact of increasing doses of two prebiotic oligosaccharides and the impact of an "all-human diet" on the intestinal microbiota of premature infants. Twelve premature infants receiving formula feedings were randomly assigned to receive either galacto-oligosaccharide (F+GOS) or a pooled concentrated donor human milk product containing human milk ...
Wang Xiao-Fang - - 2013
Human milk provides infants with various immune molecules. The objective of the present study was to measure human β-defensin-1 (hBD-1) and human β-defensin-2 (hBD-2) levels in the colostrum and mature milk of healthy Han Chinese, to identify factors regulating milk hBD-1 and hBD-2 expression and to explore the potential protective ...
Winterstein Almut G - - 2013
IMPORTANCE Recommendations concerning the appropriate age threshold for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) prophylaxis in moderate-preterm infants are highly debated. OBJECTIVE To determine the age at which moderate-preterm infants' risk of RSV hospitalization has decreased to the risk observed in low-risk term infants. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Retrospective cohort study of ...
Whitehead Nicole - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare the neurodevelopment of HIV-infected (HI) infants in combination with antiretroviral therapy also known as HAART (highly active antiretroviral therapy) to HIV-exposed uninfected (HEU) infants. Twenty-seven HIV infected and 29 HEU infants under the age of one year attending the Empilweni Clinic at ...
Luoto Raakel - - 2013
Simple and safe strategies for the prevention of viral respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are needed. We hypothesized that early prebiotic or probiotic supplementation would reduce the risk of virus-associated RTIs during the first year of life in a cohort of preterm infants. In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial (ClinicalTrials.gov no. NCT00167700), ...
Castellani C - - 2013
This study aimed to determine the causes of postoperative emesis (PE) in neonates with infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) after laparoscopic pyloromyotomy (LP). Retrospective review of the hospital database for infants with IHPS managed between 2000-2010 was performed. Relevant data was collected from the clinical records in the Medocs(®) system ...
Pivik R T - - 2013
Relationships between early postnatal diet and the development of cardiac regulation were studied using resting vagal tone and heart period measures obtained quarterly during infancy and at 2years in 158 breast-fed, 159 milk formula-fed, and 148 soy formula-fed infants. Both measures increased across time for all groups. Heart period was ...
Lamberska Tereza - - 2013
To evaluate the heart rate (HR) and oxygen saturation (SpO2) at 15-second intervals within 60 seconds after incremental increases of fractional inspired oxygen (FiO2) during resuscitation of infants younger than 29 weeks requiring two different forms of ventilatory support. Retrospective observational study. Forty-three infants were stabilized, 14 by continuous positive ...
Aarthi J - - 2013
To assess the cariogenic potential of cow's milk, human milk and infant formulas in comparison to sucrose in animal models. Electronic search of the following databases were undertaken: PubMed-MEDLINE, MeSH and ingentaconnect. In addition, the reference lists of all eligible studies were searched. Characteristics such as animal species were used; ...
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