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Silva Luciana da Fonseca da Lda F Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
Congenital heart defects treatment shows progressive reduction in morbidity and mortality, however, the scar, resulting from ventricular (VSD) and atrial septal defect (ASD) repair, may cause discomfort. Right axillary minithoracotomy approach, by avoiding the breast growth region, is an option for correction of these defects that may provide better aesthetic ...
Ozen Tunay Zuhal Z Department of Ophthalmology, Zekai Tahir Burak Women's Health Education and Research Hospital , Ankara , Turkey - - 2014
Abstract Context: Adenoviral conjunctivitis. Objective: To examine the effects of conjunctival irrigation with povidone iodine in infants with adenoviral conjunctivitis. Material and methods: An outbreak of adenovirus conjunctivitis occurred between September and December 2012 at the neonatal intensive care unit of our hospital. Forty-three infants with adenoviral conjunctivitis were examined ...
van Wassenaer Aleid A Emma Children's Hospital, Neonatology, Meibergdreef 9, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1105AZ, (31) 20 566 3477, (31) 20 6965099 ; - - 2014
Background Thyroid hormones are required for normal brain maturation, and neonatal plasma thyroid hormone concentrations are low in infants < 28 weeks gestation. It is not known whether treatment of such infants with thyroid hormone improves neurodevelopmental outcome. Methods At three years corrected age, mental, motor, and neurological development was ...
Mayer Izi I Zeynep Kamil Maternity and Children's Research and Training Hospital, Istanbul, - - 2014
As hyperbilirubinemia is a significant cause of brain injury, it is important to predict the cases who are at risk. Data for preterm infants are scarce. The aim of this study is to predict significant hyperbilirubinemia in preterm infants by measuring capillary bilirubin at 12th hour of life. One hundred ...
Badiee Zohreh Z Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, and Child Growth and Development Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this trial was to determine whether cobedding of preterm twins has analgesic effects during heel lancing or not. One hundred premature twins (50 sets) born between 26 weeks' and 34 weeks' gestation undergoing heel blood sampling were randomly assigned into two groups: the cobedding group (receiving care ...
Castro Francisca F Laboratory of Nutrition and Metabolic Regulation, Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology (INTA), University of Chile, Santiago, - - 2014
Objective To determine the daily intake of essential micronutrients and toxic elements through breast milk in exclusive and nonexclusive breastfed infants living in an area with major mine tailing deposition (n = 24), compared with a control area (n = 11). Study Design The milk volume ingested by 2 to 4 and 4 to 6 month infants ...
Coulthard Helen H Division of Psychology, School of Applied Social Sciences, Faculty of Health & Life Sciences, De Montfort University, Hawthorn Building, Leicester, LE1 9BH, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of the current study was to examine the effectiveness of different vegetable exposure methods (variety versus single taste) over a 9 day period in two groups of infants; those introduced to solids prior to the age of 5.5 months, and those introduced after 5.5 months. Sixty parent-infant dyads ...
Schilithz A O C AO PEB/UFRJ, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Fetal and infant growth tends to follow irregular patterns and, particularly in developing countries, these patterns are greatly influenced by unfavorable living conditions and interactions with complications during pregnancy. The aim of this study was to identify groups of children with different risk profiles for growth development. The study sample ...
Kultursay Nilgun N Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Ege University Faculty of Medicine, Izmir, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: In March 2010, a new legislation about assisted reproductive technology (ART) activities, favoring single embryo transfer, was introduced in Turkey. Consequences of new regulations on neonatal outcome have not been evaluated in multicenter studies yet. In this study our aim was to evaluate neonatal outcome of infants from ...
Durrant Samantha S School of Psychology, Plymouth University, - - 2014
ABSTRACT Monolingual infants are typically studied as a homogenous group and compared to bilingual infants. This study looks further into two subgroups of monolingual infants, monodialectal and multidialectal, to identify the effects of dialect-related variation on the phonological representation of words. Using an Intermodal Preferential Looking task, the detection of ...
Picciolini Odoardo O NICU, Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Università degli Studi di Milano, - - 2014
Preterm infants complete their development in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit being exposed to environmental stimuli that lead to the early maturation of the sensory systems. It is known that the fetus perceives sounds and reacts to them with movements since the 26th-28th week of gestational age. Maternal voice represents a ...
Yan Jia J 1Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, - - 2014
Animal experiments indicate that repeated exposure to ketamine adversely affects the developing brain. Whether it has the same effect on infants remains unclear. We recruited infants who were scheduled for 1 to 3 outpatient laser surgery treatments of benign facial growths with ketamine anesthesia. Patients were assigned to the Ket1, ...
Hartmann Francine F Department of Pediatrics, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), Porto Alegre, - - 2014
To evaluate surfactant content and function through the lamellar body count (LBC) and stable microbubble test (SMT) in mechanically ventilated infants with severe acute viral bronchiolitis. Controlled cross-sectional study of 32 infants receiving mechanical ventilation: 16 with a diagnosis of acute viral bronchiolitis and 16 with normal lungs. Tracheal fluid ...
Heching Howard K HK Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Columbia University Medical Center, , New York, New York, - - 2014
While acquired pulmonary vein stenosis (PVS) is an often lethal anomaly with poor long-term prognosis and high mortality, little is known about the causes of this disease process. The purpose of this study was to describe the possible association between acquired PVS and necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) in premature infants. We ...
Hossain Nazli N Nazli Hossain FCPS, Professor, Dept of Obstetrics & Gynecology Unit II, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi; Fatima H Kanani FCPS, Assistant Professor, Dow International Medical College, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi; Shabana Ramzan MBBS, Resident Medical officer, Dept of Obstetrics & Gynecology Unit II, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi; Robina Kausar MBBS, Resident Medical officer, Dept of Obstetrics & Gynecology Unit II, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi; Shabana Ayaz MBBS, Resident Medical officer, Dept of Obstetrics & Gynecology Unit II, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi; Rafiq Khanani Phd, Professor & Chairman Pathology & Microbiology, Director, Dow Diagnostics & Reference Laboratory, Dow International Medical College, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi; Lubna Pal MBBS, MRCOG, MS, Associate Professor, Director Program for Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, Director Program for Reproductive Aging and Bone Health Yale Reproductive Endocrinology, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences, Yale University School of - - 2014
Objective: to determine, if vitamin D (vitD) supplementation during pregnancy, affects obstetric and neonatal outcomes Setting: University hospital, Karachi, Pakistan. Methods: Single center, open label, randomized, controlled trial of routine care (Group A, Ferrous Sulfate 200 mg and calcium 600 mg daily) versus vitD supplementation (4000IU D3 daily, Group B), ...
Rook Denise D Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Erasmus Medical Center-Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, The - - 2014
To test the hypothesis that an initial fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) of 30% during resuscitation of preterm infants results in less oxidative stress and is associated with improved clinical outcomes compared with an FiO2 of 65%. Preterm infants of gestational age <32 weeks (n = 193) were randomized to ...
Jiang Hong H School of Public Health, Fudan University, Shanghai, China2Key Laboratory of Public Health Safety, Ministry of Education, Shanghai, - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Appropriate infant feeding practices have the potential for long-term health effects. However, research findings on improving early infant feeding practices are limited. The wide use of mobile phone short message service (SMS) provides new opportunities for health promotion and services. OBJECTIVE To assess the effect of an SMS intervention ...
Maruo Yoshihiro Y Department of Pediatrics, Shiga University of Medical Science, Tsukinowa, Seta, Otsu, Shiga, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the role of bilirubin UDP-glucuronosyltransferase family 1, polypeptide A1 (UGT1A1) gene variations on prolonged unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia associated with breast milk feeding (breast milk jaundice [BMJ]). UGT1A1 gene allelic variation was analyzed in 170 Japanese infants with BMJ with polymerase chain reaction-direct sequencing, and their genotypes compared with serum ...
Alan Serdar S *Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey †Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Goztepe Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul Medeniyet University, Istanbul, Turkey ‡Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of umbilical cord milking (UCM) on the need for packed red blood cell (PRBC) transfusion and hematologic and hemodynamic parameters in very-low-birth-weight infants. The infants were randomized into 2 groups: group 1 (UCM) and group 2 (control). The primary outcome ...
Kugelman Amir A Department of Neonatology, Bnai Zion Medical Center, The B&R Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Haifa, - - 2014
To compare the requirement for endotracheal ventilation in preterm infants treated with heated, humidified high-flow nasal cannula (HHHFNC) with those treated with nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) for the primary treatment of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). Randomized, controlled, prospective, single-center pilot study. Infants (gestational age [GA] <35 weeks, birth ...
Totsu Satsuki S Maternal and Perinatal Center, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Tokyo, - - 2014
This study evaluates the benefit of Bifidobacterium bifidum OLB6378 (B. bifidum) administration to VLBW infants (birth weight<1500g) for the acceleration of enteral feeding. A cluster-randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted in 19 hospital, divided into 2 groups: B group (n =10, B. bifidum was administered to infants within 48 h ...
Veeranki Sreenivas P - - 2014
Viral bronchiolitis affects 20%-30% of infants; because there is no known effective treatment, it is important to identify risk factors that contribute to its pathogenesis. Although adequate folate intake during the periconceptional period prevents neural tube defects, animal data suggest that higher supplementation may be a risk factor for child ...
Smith K M KM Divisions of Neonatology, Seattle Children's Hospital, Seattle, WA, - - 2014
Objective:To describe differences in characteristics among neonates treated with extracorporeal life support (ECLS) in the first week of life for respiratory failure compared with later in the neonatal period and to assess risk factors for central nervous system (CNS) hemorrhage and mortality among the two groups.Study Design:Review of the Extracorporeal ...
Shen Wei - - 2014
Aim: To evaluate the association of NOS1 and NOS3 gene polymorphisms with the risk/severity of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) among preterm infants. The patient group was 189 preterm infants diagnosed with RDS. The control group was 227 preterm neonates who did not develop RDS. NOS genotyping was performed using ...
Duggan Christopher C Divisions of - - 2014
Pregnant women in resource-poor areas are at risk of multiple micronutrient deficiencies, and indicators of low vitamin B-12 status have been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, including anemia, low birth weight, and intrauterine growth retardation. To evaluate whether daily oral vitamin B-12 supplementation during pregnancy increases maternal and infant measures ...
Surmeli-Onay Ozge O Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Hacettepe University, Ankara, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Numerous investigations have demonstrated that phototherapy (PT) directly or indirectly causes ductal patency by photorelaxation effect. In this observational study, we aimed to assess the effect of PT on the incidence of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) together with PGE2 and PGI2 levels in preterm infants. Methods: Preterm infants ...
Erdemir Aydin A Tepecik Education and Research Hospital, Neonatology Clinic, Yenisehir, Izmir, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To investigate the effects of topical ointment therapy on neonatal sepsis in premature infants. Methods: A total of 197 premature infants ≤34 weeks gestation were randomized to receive topical ointment (Aquaphor Original Emollient) or routine skin care group. Skin cultures were obtained on 3th, 7th and 14th day ...
Alkharfy Turki - - 2014
Background: Emollient therapy is used frequently to prevent nosocomial infection in the management of preterm infants, despite a lack of adequate evidence of its efficacy. Objective: To assess the efficacy of prophylactic whole-body application of pure preservative-free topical petroleum jelly on the incidence of nosocomial sepsis in very low-birthweight (VLBW) ...
Lanou Hermann H Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé, Ministry of Scientific Research and Innovation, Ouagadougou, Burkina - - 2014
Prenatal lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS) have been shown to improve birth anthropometry. However, little is known about the effects of such supplements on infant health. We hypothesized that prenatal LNS compared with multiple micronutrient supplement for pregnant and lactating women would improve survival, growth, and morbidity during infancy. Infants' weight, ...
Ca─člar Seda - - 2014
To examine the effects of using vinyl isolation bags or polyethylene wrap for the prevention of postnatal hypothermia in preterm infants at ≤ 32 weeks gestation. A prospective, randomized controlled trial. The neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of the Istanbul Faculty of Medicine in Turkey. Fifty-nine preterm infants. Participants were randomly assigned to ...
Manzoni Paolo P Neonatology and NICU, S. Anna Hospital; Torino, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
NEC is a common and severe complication in premature neonates, particularly those with very-low-birth-weight (VLBW, <1500 g at birth). Probiotics including lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) proved effective in preventing NEC in preterm infants in several RCTs. Lactoferrin, a mammalian milk glycoprotein involved in innate immune host defences, can reduce the ...
Stimac Maja - - 2014
The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of chorioamnionitis on mortality and early onset neonatal sepsis (EONS) and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in preterm neonates with birth weight < or = 1,500 g. The study included 395 preterm infants born at the Zagreb Clinical Hospital Center, from January ...
Bai Xue-Mei XM Department of Pediatrics ,The Second Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Dalian, - - 2014
We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of nasal synchronized intermittent mandatory ventilation (nSIMV) in preterm infants with primary apnea of prematurity (AOP). Forty-four preterm infants with AOP were divided into the nSIMV group or nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) group. Clinical symptoms, signs and blood gas results following nSIMV ...
Singhal Seema S Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjang Hospital , New Delhi, India - - 2014
Unmet need for family planning approaches 40% or higher and many women are at risk of unintended pregnancy. Progesterone contraception after birth is frequently recommended, but concern remain of inhibition of lactation or effects on infant health. In present study we aimed to evaluate impact of short term use of ...
Zahedpasha Yadollah Y Faculty, Paediatric Research Center, Amirkola Children Hospital, Department of Paediatric, School of Medicine, Babol University of Medical Sciences , Babol, Iran - - 2014
The pathogenesis of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia hasn't been completely defined in Gloucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficient newborns. The aim of this study was to detect the relationship between Gilbert's syndrome and hyperbilirubinemia in Gloucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficient neonates. This case-control study was conducted in Amirkola pediatrics teaching hospital, Babol, Iran. A total ...
Nhoncanse Geiza Cesar GC UFSCar, Sao Carlos, SP, - - 2014
Objective: To assess the prevalence of congenital defects and to investigate their maternal and perinatal associated aspects by reviewing Birth Certificates. Methods: Among all born alive infants from January 2003 to December 2007 in Maternidade da Santa Casa de Misericórdia of São Carlos, Southeast Brazil (12,199 infants), cases were identified ...
Voskamp Bart Jan BJ Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Objective To assess differences in mode of delivery and pregnancy outcome between prenatally detected and nonprenatally detected small for gestational age (SGA) neonates born at term. Study Design We performed a retrospective multicenter cohort study. All singleton infants, born SGA in cephalic position between 360/7 and 410/7 weeks gestation, were classified as ...
Cetinkaya Merih M Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Kanuni Sultan Suleyman Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, - - 2014
Objective Systemic fungal infections are major causes of morbidity and mortality, and are associated with significant neurodevelopmental impairment in premature infants. Our objective was to evaluate the efficacy of fluconazole prophylaxis in prevention of systemic fungal infections among preterm infants. Study Design This observational pre-post cohort study was performed in preterm infants ...
Costa S S Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Catholic University of Sacred Heart, Rome, - - 2014
Fluconazole prophylaxis of invasive fungal infections is a cornerstone of neonatal care, but in vitro studies have shown it inhibits corticosteroid production. This study assessed whether preterm infants demonstrated an association between fluconazole administration, and its duration, and symptoms of adrenocortical insufficiency. We compared two groups who were treated before ...
Parajuli Rajendra Prasad - - 2014
Caste, a proxy of socioeconomic position, can influence the neurodevelopment of children through several pathways, including exposure to toxic elements. Studies from developing countries where caste is represented by prevailing caste groups and people are highly exposed to toxic elements can provide useful insights into the mechanisms of neurodevelopmental inequities ...
Karadag Nilgun N Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Dr. Sami Ulus Maternity and Children Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
Objective The objective of this study was to compare the perfusion index (PI) variability in premature infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) following administration of two different natural surfactant preparations. Study design This was a prospective study on 92 preterm infants with RDS. Patients were randomized into two groups. Group 1 (n = 46) ...
Habibi Morteza M Neonatal Department, Kosar Gynecology and Obstetrics hospital, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, - - 2014
This study was conducted to compare the effects of Eau de Dalibour and ethanol on preventing omphalitis and also on umbilical cord separation time in neonates. In this clinical trial, 178 randomly selected, healthy term neonates were investigated. To disinfect the umbilical cords, Eau de Dalibour was used for 84 ...
Verd S S Department of Paediatrics, Hospital de la Santa Cruz y San Pablo. 90 Mas Casanovas St. 08041 Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine whether feeding type of trophic feeds affect haematological and biochemical markers in the very preterm infant. Fifty-six very preterm infants were enrolled in this retrospective study (30 infants were included in the only human milk-fed group and 26 in the formula-fed group). Routine haematological and biochemical variables were ...
Nimbalkar S M SM 0000000328252819 Department of Pediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad, Anand, - - 2014
Objective:To investigate the impact of early skin-to-skin contact (SSC) provided for first 24 h on incidence of hypothermia in stable newborns weighing 1800 g or more during first 48 h of life.Study Design:Stable newborns (term and late preterm: Mean gestational age 37.7 (1.35) weeks, range 34-40 weeks) having birth weight 1800 g or more ...
Vijlbrief Daniel C DC Department of Neonatology, Wilhelmina Children's Hospital/University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The - - 2014
Background: Impairment of gas and substrate exchange through the placenta leads to fetal hypoxia and growth restriction. Oxygenation of vital organs is maintained with preferential perfusion at the expense of less vital organs, challenging the fetal cardiovascular system. Objectives: To identify cardiovascular compromise in preterm small for gestational age (SGA) ...
Karakoç Ayse A Midwifery Department, Faculty of Health Science, Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
This experimental study on newborns was conducted to compare the effects of various atraumatic care procedures during an infant's crying response to pain. Included in this study were 120 newborns chosen from among healthy infants admitted to the Obstetrics Department of Çanakkale State Hospital between April 2010 and June 2010. ...
Chorna Olena D OD Vanderbilt Kennedy Center, Nashville, - - 2014
We conducted a randomized trial to test the hypothesis that mother's voice played through a pacifier-activated music player (PAM) during nonnutritive sucking would improve the development of sucking ability and promote more effective oral feeding in preterm infants. Preterm infants between 34 0/7 and 35 6/7 weeks' postmenstrual age, including ...
Metge Prune P Pediatric and Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, APHM, North Hospital, Aix-Marseille University, 13915, Marseille, - - 2014
The objective of the current study is to compare the use of a nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) to a high-flow humidified nasal cannula (HFNC) in infants with acute bronchiolitis, who were admitted to a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) during two consecutive seasons. We retrospectively reviewed the medical ...
Ling Zongxin Z State Key Laboratory for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, the First Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, 310003, - - 2014
Increasing evidence suggests that perturbations in the intestinal microbiota composition of infants may be implicated in the pathogenesis of food allergy (FA), while its actual structure and composition in human beings with FA remains unclear. Microbial diversity and composition were analyzed with parallel barcoded 454 pyrosequencing targeting the 16S rRNA ...
Chico Elsie E Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, 3359 Mississauga Road N, Mississauga, ON, Canada, - - 2014
Previous research has established that in comparison to adult mothers teen mothers respond less sensitively to their infants. In adults, components of executive functions relate directly to maternal sensitivity. Since teenagers are known to have a less developed prefrontal cortex and greater difficulties in parenting, this study sought to determine ...
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