Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 1962
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Manuck Tracy A TA University of Utah Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Salt Lake City, UT. Electronic address: - - 2014
Data regarding long term outcomes of neonates reaching viability following early preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM, <25.0 weeks at rupture) are limited. We hypothesized that babies delivered after early PPROM would have increased rates of major childhood morbidity compared to those with later PPROM (≥25.0 weeks at rupture). Secondary ...
Pham Trang M T TM Paediatric Critical Care Research Group, Mater Research Institute, The University of Queensland, South Brisbane, QLD, 4101, Australia; School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, QLD, 4000, - - 2014
The main physiological impact of high flow nasal cannula (HFNC) therapy is presumed to be a decrease in work of breathing (WOB). To assess this, diaphragmatic electrical activity and esophageal pressure changes were measured off then on HFNC delivered at 2 L/kg/min, in 14 infants with bronchiolitis and 14 cardiac infants. ...
Doan Emily E School of Medicine, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Qld, - - 2014
Births by elective caesarean section (CS) are rising, particularly before 39 weeks' gestation, which may be associated with unacceptably high risk of adverse neonatal outcomes. The optimal timing of these deliveries needs to be determined with recent recommendations to delay births by elective CS until 39 weeks. To evaluate the association between ...
Cole Whitney G WG New York University, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
The stability of a system affects how it will handle a perturbation: The system may compensate for the perturbation or not. This study examined how 14-month-old infants-notoriously unstable walkers-and adults cope with a perturbation to walking. We attached a platform to one of participants' shoes, forcing them to walk with ...
Mizobuchi Masami M Department of Neonatology, Hyogo Prefectural Kobe Children's Hospital Perinatal Center, Kobe, - - 2014
To determine whether patterns of increases in serum interleukin-6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels at birth were associated with the development of white matter injury (WMI) in preterm infants with a fetal inflammatory response (FIR). One hundredinfants who were born at <32 weeks gestation and had funisitis, as determined ...
Tan Xiaoyun X Departments of Interventional Therapy and Vascular - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of preoperative transcatheter arterial chemoembolization of hepatoblastoma in infants. Clinical data of 21 infants with hepatoblastoma treated between July 2008 and July 2012 in a single hospital were retrospectively analyzed. After preliminary diagnosis, surgical resection was performed in 9 infants (group I), and transcatheter arterial chemoembolization ...
Liu Jing - - 2014
Lung ultrasound is useful for the diagnosis of pneumonia in children and adults. This study investigated the lung ultrasound findings in severe neonatal pneumonia. From September 2012 to October 2013, 80 neonates admitted to Bayi Children's Hospital, affiliated with the Beijing Military General Hospital, were divided into two groups: a ...
Havranek Thomas T 1Albert Einstein University/Montefiore, Bronx, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the effects of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) on postprandial superior mesenteric artery blood flow velocities (SMA BFV)s and feeding tolerance in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) neonates. Methods: Appropriate for gestational age, ELBW preterm neonates, tolerating bolus enteral feedings were eligible to participate in this prospective ...
Doglioni Nicoletta N Department of Women and Children Health, School of Medicine, Padua University, Azienda Ospedaliera di Padova, Padua, - - 2014
To evaluate whether a polyethylene total body wrapping (covering both the body and head) is more effective than conventional treatment (covering up to the shoulders) in reducing perinatal thermal losses in very preterm infants. This was a multicenter, prospective, randomized, parallel 1:1, unblinded, controlled trial of infants <29 weeks' gestation age, ...
Orehek Edward - - 2014
Humans are motivated by a quest for significance that is threatened by the inevitability of death. However, individuals with interdependent self-construals, self-representations that reflect embeddedness with and connection to others, are able to extend themselves through time and space through their linkage to a larger social group. The present set ...
Ohls Robin K RK Department of Pediatrics, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New - - 2014
We previously reported decreased transfusions and donor exposures in preterm infants randomized to Darbepoetin (Darbe) or erythropoietin (Epo) compared with placebo. As these erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) have shown promise as neuroprotective agents, we hypothesized improved neurodevelopmental outcomes at 18 to 22 months among infants randomized to receive ESAs. We performed ...
Morehouse Deborah D Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (Mss Morehouse and Lloyd), Heart Institute Inpatient Nursing (Ms Williams), Department of Neonatology (Dr Baumgart), Biostatistics and Informatics, Children's Research Institute (Ms Sill), and Division of Neonatology, Department of Neonatology (Dr Short), Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC; Women's and Neonate's Health, Virginia Hospital Center, Arlington (Ms McCoy); Hospital Epidemiology, University of North Carolina Healthcare, Chapel Hill (Ms Walters); George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences (Drs Baumgart and Short) and the George Washington University School of Nursing, Washington, DC (Dr Guzzetta), and School of Nursing, University of Maryland, Baltimore (Dr - - 2014
Infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) often require surgical intervention and maintaining normothermia perioperatively is a major concern. In our preliminary study of 31 normothermic infants undergoing operative procedures in the operating room (OR), 58% (N = 18) returned hypothermic while all 5 undergoing procedures in the ...
Konca Capan C Department of Pediatrics, Neonatology Clinic, Adiyaman University, School of Medicine, Adiyaman, - - 2014
Aim: To investigate the association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D3) levels and transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN). Methods: Calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), parathormone (PTH) and serum 25(OH)D3 levels were measured in 51 infants diagnosed with TTN and 59 healthy control infants for comparison. Demographic factors including ...
Fung G P G GP Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, United Christian Hospital, Hong Kong. Electronic address: - - 2014
Both gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and late-preterm delivery at 34-36weeks' gestation are independently associated with neonatal respiratory complications, but it is unknown whether their combination increases further its risk. We therefore appraised the independent effect of GDM on the respiratory outcome of late-preterm infants. In a retrospective cohort study, respiratory ...
Duckitt Kirsten K Campbell River and District General Hospital, 375 - 2nd Avenue, Campbell River, British Columbia, Canada, V9W - - 2014
A number of tocolytics have been advocated for the treatment of threatened preterm labour in order to delay birth. The rationale is that a delay in birth may be associated with improved neonatal morbidity or mortality. Nitric oxide donors, such as nitroglycerin, have been used to relax the uterus. This ...
Boylan Jackie J Centre for Experimental Medicine, School of Medicine, Dentistry and Biomedical Sciences, Queen's University Belfast, , Belfast, Northern - - 2014
Examine the behavioural outcomes at age 3 years of late preterm infants (LPIs) who were admitted to neonatal intensive care (NIC) in comparison with LPIs who were not admitted. This cohort study prospectively recruited 225 children born late preterm (34-36(+6) weeks gestation) in 2006 in Northern Ireland, now aged 3 ...
Kim Do-Hyun DH Department of Pediatrics, Dongguk University Ilsan Hospital, Goyang, - - 2014
Background: In bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), disrupted angiogenesis may result from an imbalance between pro- and anti-angiogenic factors triggered by inflammation, leading to the late development of pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH). Objectives: To investigate whether the levels of serum endostatin (as an anti-angiogenic factor) and angiopoietin-1 (AP-1; as a pro-angiogenic factor) ...
Niemarkt Hendrik J HJ Department of Pediatrics, Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht, The - - 2014
Background:A new technique was proposed to administer surfactant to spontaneous breathing preterm infants by placing a thin catheter through the vocal cords. This technique was not studied with respect to oxygenation, gas exchange, surfactant distribution and lung mechanics. We tested the technique of less invasive surfactant administration (LISA) in a ...
Saleemi Muhammad Shahid Hussain MS Department of Neonatology, Rotunda Hospital, Dublin, Ireland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Myocardial performance is impaired in the first days of life in preterm infants but improves by day 5. Tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) is a novel and reliable means of assessing myocardial performance. To investigate myocardial performance using TDI and shortening fraction (SF) in preterm infants of different gestational age groups ...
Sheen Tzong-Chyi TC Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Yuan's General Hospital, No. 162, Chenggong 1st Rd., Kaohsiung 802, - - 2014
Nonreassuring fetal status (NRFS) refers to a compromised fetal condition which implies hypoxia. The influence of intrapartum hypoxia on autonomic nervous system function in early postnatal life is unknown. This study explored the influence of NRFS on the heart rate variability (HRV) of newborn infants. Singleton newborn infants delivered through ...
Clark-Ganheart Cecily A CA Medstar Washington Hospital Center, Washington, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to compare outcomes among vigorous neonates (5-minute Apgar score 7 or greater) with acidemia (arterial cord pH less than 7) at birth with vigorous neonates without acidemia (arterial cord pH 7.1 or greater). A retrospective case-control study was performed using the Medstar PeriBirth labor ...
Gfroerer Stefan S Department of Pediatric Surgery, University Hospital Frankfurt, Goethe-University Frankfurt/M., Theodor-Stern-Kai 7, 60590, Frankfurt, Germany, - - 2014
There is ongoing controversy regarding the surgical treatment of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in infants with extremely low birth weight (ELBW). We hypothesize that primary laparotomy is a safe and effective treatment for all infants with surgical NEC. We retrospectively compared a group of ELBW infants (<1,000 g, group A, n = 39) with ...
García-Nieto Víctor V Pediatric Nephrology Section, "Nuestra Señora de la Candelaria" University Hospital, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain, - - 2014
Although 99mTc-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) scan is considered the gold standard for the diagnosis of acute pyelonephritis (AP), sometimes it produces false results in children with clinical features of AP. There are no studies on the comparison of the sensitivity of DMSA and concentrating capacity test. Eighty-five infants with AP of ...
Bertmann Farryl M W FM Gretchen Swanson Center for Nutrition, Omaha, - - 2014
Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) cash value vouchers (CVV) have been inconsistently redeemed in Arizona. The objective of this study was to explore perceived barriers to use of CVV as well as strategies participants use to overcome them. Eight focus groups were conducted to explore attitudes and behaviors related to ...
Shakiba M M Department of Pediatrics, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Science, Avicenna Street, Yazd, Iran. - - 2014
Vitamin D deficiency is common in pregnant women, and supplementation of vitamin D is necessary for the infants of these women. This study explored the efficacy of an alternative way of vitamin D supplementation in an area with a high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in mothers. This was a ...
França Ellia Cl - - 2014
When breastfeeding is difficult or impossible during the neonatal period, an analysis of muscle activity can help determine the best method for substituting it to promote the child's development. The aim of this study was to analyze the electrical activity of the masseter muscle using surface electromyography during suction in ...
Muslubas Isil Bahar Sayman IB Department of Eye, Semdinli State Hospital, Hakkari, - - 2014
Purpose: To assess the central corneal thickness (CCT) and intraocular pressure (IOP) in premature and full-term newborns. Materials and Methods: In this study, we evaluated measurements of CCT and IOP in 45 premature and 45 full-term newborns. IOP was determined with topical anesthesia using a Tono-Pen AVIA, applanation tonometer and ...
Kim Dong Sub DS Department of Pediatrics, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine, Daegu, - - 2014
A recent study analyzing several cytokines reported that long cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) time and long aortic cross clamp (ACC) time were accompanied by enhanced postoperative inflammation, which contrasted with the modest influence of the degree of hypothermia. In this present study, we aimed to examine the effect of CPB temperature ...
Agrawal Divya D Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, IMS & SUM Hospital , SOA University, Bhubaneswar, India - - 2014
Congenital anomalies or malformations are anatomical. Structural or functional defects present at birth leads to physical and mental disabilities. With the advent of newer drugs, infectious diseases have taken the backseat and congenital defects have emerged as an important cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. In India, anomalies of musculoskeletal ...
Sridhar Santhanam S 1Neonatology Department, Christian Medical College, Vellore, India 2Dept. of Biostatistics, Christian Medical College, Vellore, India 3Microbiology Dept., Christian Medical College, Vellore, - - 2014
This retrospective study was done to determine the incidence of neonatal Group B streptococcal (GBS) sepsis among newborn between 1998 and 2010. Among 107,692 babies born during this period, the overall incidence of GBS sepsis was 0.76 / 1000 live births with the incidence of early onset sepsis (EOS) being ...
Basu Sriparna - - 2014
Background: Intra-uterine growth-restricted (IUGR) fetuses are prone to hypoxic changes in the brain and neurodevelopmental sequelae in later life. Chronic hypoxaemia may also lead to polycythaemia in the fetal and neonatal period. Aim: To evaluate venous haematocrit and cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV) in term IUGR neonates in the immediate ...
Lando A A Department of Neonatology, The Juliane Marie Centre, University Hospital Copenhagen, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, - - 2014
In 2005 we changed our minimally invasive departmental policy for infants born before 26 weeks of gestation to a proactive approach. This included structured guidelines as well as intubation and surfactant in the delivery room, if the parents agreed. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of ...
Hünseler Christoph C 1Department of Neonatology and Pediatric Intensive Care, University of Cologne, Children's Hospital, Köln, Germany. 2Department of Pediatric Cardiology and Congenital Heart Disease, German Heart Center Munich, TUM, München, Germany. 3Department of Pediatric Anesthesia, DRK Children's Hospital, Siegen, Germany. 4Department of Anaesthesiology and Postoperative Intensive Care Medicine, University of Cologne, Köln, Germany. 5Department of Neonatology, University Hospital Halle, Halle, Germany. 6Department of Pediatric Intensive Care, Children's Hospital of the University of Essen, Essen, Germany. 7Department of Pediatrics, Hospital of the University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany. 8Department of Pediatrics III, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany. 9Department of Pediatric Anaesthesia, Children's Hospital of the City of Cologne, Köln, Germany. 10Department of Pediatrics, Neonatology and Intensive Care, Heinrich Heine University of Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Germany. 11Department of Pediatric Cardiology, German Heart Center of Berlin, Berlin, Germany. 12Department of Pediatrics, Hospital of the University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany. 13Department of Pediatrics, Intensive Care, University of Mainz, Mainz, Germany. 14Department of Neonatology, University Hospital of Bonn, Bonn, Germany. 15Department of Therapeutic Drug Monitoring, Institute of Pharmacology, University of Cologne, Köln, Germany. 16Institute of Medical Statistics, Informatics and Epidemiology, University of Cologne, Köln, Germany. 17Center of Clinical Studies, University of Cologne, Köln, - - 2014
To assess the influence of an infusion of clonidine 1 μg/kg/hr on fentanyl and midazolam requirement in ventilated newborns and infants. Prospective, double-blind, randomized controlled multicenter trial. Controlled trials.com/ISRCTN77772144. Twenty-eight level 3 German PICUs/neonatal ICUs. Ventilated newborns and infants: stratum I (1-28 d), stratum II, (29-120 d), and stratum III ...
Arslan Derya D Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Selcuk University Medical Faculty, 42075, Konya, Turkey, - - 2014
Myocardial hypertrophy and cardiac dysfunction frequently occur in newborns of diabetic mothers. The authors hypothesized that wall hypertrophy or disproportionate left ventricular wall thickness in newborns of diabetic mothers may affect both QT and QTc dispersion. This study aimed to assess whether left ventricular hypertrophy affects the QT variables of ...
Vain Nestor E NE School of Medicine, University of Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina; Foundation for Maternal and Child Health (FUNDASAMIN), Buenos Aires, Argentina; Trinidad Palermo Private Hospital, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Electronic address: - - 2014
Delayed cord clamping allows for the passage of blood from the placenta to the baby and reduces the risk of iron deficiency in infancy. To hold the infant for more than 1 min at the level of the vagina (as is presently recommended), on the assumption that gravity affects the ...
Francis Julia H JH Mercy Hospital for Women, Heidleberg, Victoria, - - 2014
Detection of abnormal fetal growth is vital to antenatal care, and traditionally birthweights that are <10th or >90th centile are classified as small or large for gestational age (LGA). Evidence regarding outcomes for birthweight centiles outside these extremes remains unclear. To evaluate the relationship between birthweight centile and perinatal death ...
Fallon Sara C SC Division of Pediatric Surgery, Michael E. DeBakey Department of Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, - - 2014
Hospitalized infants >1 y old often require central venous catheters (CVC) for prolonged therapy. There are limited data describing the complication profile for this young population. The purpose of this study was to review outcomes associated with CVC insertion in this high-risk group and compare them to those in older children ...
Ovental A A Departments of Neonatology, Lis Maternity - - 2014
The US Food and Drug Administration has said that oral preparations containing benzocaine should only be used in infants under strict medical supervision, due to the rare, but potentially fatal, risk of methemoglobinemia. This study aimed to determine the analgesic effect of topical application of benzocaine prior to lingual frenotomy ...
Berti Elettra E Anna Meyer Children's University Hospital, Department of Sciences for Health Sciences, University of Florence, Viale Pieraccini, 24, 50100, Florence, - - 2014
To provide epidemiological data on pertussis in a highly vaccinated paediatric population, focusing on the age of the infected children. We analysed data from the regional hospital discharge database on children hospitalised for pertussis in Tuscany, Italy, from January 2000 to December 2012. A total of 279 cases were recorded. ...
Shin Seung Han SH 1Department of Pediatrics, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. 2Department of Pediatrics, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, - - 2014
Remifentanil is an ultrashort-acting synthetic opioid, and the metabolism of which is not influenced by hepatic or renal function. This study aims to compare the efficacy of two remifentanil doses during procedures in ventilated preterm infants. Prospective, randomized, double-blind, noninferiority trial. Neonatal ICU. Preterm infants who were supported by a ...
Esteves Sandro C SC ANDROFERT, Center for Male Reproduction, Campinas, - - 2014
We assessed the rates of sperm retrieval and intracytoplasmic sperm injection outcomes, including the neonatal profile of infants conceived, in men with testicular failure. Three-hundred and sixty-five men with testicular failure who underwent micro-dissection testicular sperm extraction were included in this study. We compared their outcomes with 40 men with ...
Endler M M Department of Clincal Science and Education, Division of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Karolinska Institutet, Södersjukhuset, Stockholm, - - 2014
To evaluate whether defective placentation disorders, i.e. pre-eclampsia, stillbirth, small for gestational age (SGA), and spontaneous preterm birth, are associated with risk of retained placenta. Population-based cohort study. Sweden. Primiparous women in Sweden with singleton vaginal deliveries between 1997 and 2009 at 32-41 weeks of gestation (n = 386 607), without placental abruption or ...
Dearn Trish - - 2014
To determine the effect of maternal presence on the physiological and behavioral status of the preterm infant when exposed to recorded music versus ambient sound. Repeated-measures randomized controlled trial. Special care nursery (SCN) in a tertiary perinatal center. Clinically stable preterm infants (22) born at > 28 weeks gestation and enrolled at > 32 weeks gestation ...
Olivares Marta M Microbial Ecology, Nutrition and Health Research Group, Institute of Agrochemistry and Food Technology, National Research Council (IATA-CSIC), IATA-CSIC Av. Agustín Escardino, 7., 46980, Paterna, Valencia, - - 2014
To investigate whether breast-milk composition and microbiota differ in healthy mothers and mothers with celiac disease (CD) to ultimately contribute to identify additional factors determining CD risk. Breast-milk samples from healthy mothers (n = 12) and mothers with CD (n = 12) were collected. Cytokines and secretory immunoglobulin A (sIgA) were analyzed by bead-arrays ...
Skugarevsky Oleg O Psychiatry and Medical Psychology Department, Belarusian State Medical University, Minsk, Belarus, School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK, Medical Research Council / University of Bristol Integrated Epidemiology Unit, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK, University of Bristol / University Hospitals Bristol NHS Foundation Trust National Institute for Health Research Bristol Nutrition Biomedical Research Unit, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK, National Research and Applied Medicine Mother and Child Centre, Minsk, Belarus, Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute, Boston, MA, USA and Department of Pediatrics and of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
Observational studies suggest that breastfeeding benefits later maternal child-feeding practices, which in turn may contribute to positive eating attitudes. We investigated the effect of a randomized intervention to increase duration and exclusivity of breastfeeding on pre-adolescent eating attitudes. Long-term follow-up of the Promotion of Breastfeeding Intervention Trial (PROBIT), a cluster-randomized ...
Miller M M Departments of Pediatrics, Ob/Gyn, and Biomedical Engineering, Wright State University Boonshoft School of Medicine, Dayton, OH, USA, - - 2014
The frequency of multiple birth pregnancies, mostly twin pregnancies, was overrepresented in four different groups of young infants with fractures and bone abnormalities. This finding suggests that fetal bone loading through fetal movement is an important determinant of fetal bone formation and its resultant bone strength. It has been suggested ...
Makrides Maria M Healthy Mothers, Babies and Children, South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute, C/- WCHRI, 72 King William Road, North Adelaide, SA, Australia, - - 2014
Magnesium is an essential mineral required for regulation of body temperature, nucleic acid and protein synthesis and in maintaining nerve and muscle cell electrical potentials. Many women, especially those from disadvantaged backgrounds, have low intakes of magnesium. Magnesium supplementation during pregnancy may be able to reduce fetal growth restriction and ...
Wu R R Neonatal Medical Center, Huaian Maternity and Child Healthcare Hospital, Anhui Medical University, Huaian, - - 2014
Objective:To investigate the effect of lung recruitment maneuver (LRM) with positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) on oxygenation and outcomes in preterm infants ventilated by proportional assist ventilation (PAV) for respiratory distress syndrome (RDS).Study Design:Preterm infants on PAV for RDS after surfactant randomly received an LRM (group A, n=12) or did not ...
Zani Augusto A Department of Pediatric Surgery, King's College Hospital, London, United - - 2014
To measure and evaluate the effects of tracheal dimensions on survival and ventilation in a large series of infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) treated antenatally with fetal endoluminal tracheal occlusion (FETO). Tracheal dimensions on chest radiograph (CR) were measured by 2 blinded radiologists. Survival, day 1 best oxygenation index ...
Kim M-S MS Department of Anaesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Anaesthesia and Pain Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
We performed a randomised comparison of the i-gel™ and the Laryngeal Mask Airway (LMA) Classic™ in children aged less than a year who were undergoing general anaesthesia for elective surgery. Fifty-four infants were randomly allocated to either the i-gel or the LMA Classic. We measured performance characteristics, fibreoptic views through ...
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