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Results 51 - 100 of 1917
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Burgess L L Liverpool Women's Hospital, Liverpool, - - 2014
The Standardised, Concentrated with Added Macronutrients Parenteral (SCAMP) nutrition regimen is a method of hyperalimentation for very preterm infants (VPI). Current neonatal parenteral nutrition (PN) amino acid (AA) formulations predate recent recommended protein intakes. Tyrosine, cysteine, glutamine, arginine and proline are considered conditionally essential AA (CEAA) in VPI due to ...
Yajamanyam Pk P Birmingham Women's NHS Foundation Trust, Birmingham, - - 2014
Chronic lung disease (CLD), defined as oxygen requirement at 36 weeks corrected gestational age (CGA) is a significant neonatal morbidity which can have adverse effects on cardiac function until at least pre-school age.(1) Conventional echocardiographic techniques are often insufficient to identify cardiac dysfunction in preterm infants. We have previously demonstrated ...
Yadav K K University Hospitals of Leicester, Leicester, - - 2014
South Asian (SA) women have an 11 times higher risk of developing diabetes as compared to White British (WB) women. However little is known if they are at similar high risk of adverse neonatal outcomes. We undertook a retrospective, cross-sectional study of 320 women with pre-gestational and gestational diabetes delivering ...
Brisebois Simon S Department of Surgery, ENT Division, Université de Sherbrooke, 3001 12(e) avenue Nord, Sherbrooke (QC), Canada J1H - - 2014
Reflux laryngitis in infants may be involved not only in laryngeal disorders, but also in disorders of cardiorespiratory control through its impact on laryngeal function. Our objective was to study the effect of reflux laryngitis on non-nutritive swallowing (NNS) and NNS-breathing coordination. Two groups of six newborn lambs, randomized into ...
Regev Rivka H RH Department of Neonatology, Meir Hospital,Sapir Medical Center, Kfar Saba, - - 2014
Abstract Background: Pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH) has been associated with a decreased risk of infant mortality in small for gestational age (SGA) preterm infants. Objective: To evaluate the influence of PIH on mortality and major neonatal morbidities in singleton preterm SGA infants, in the presence and absence of acute pregnancy ...
Linder N N Department of Neonatology - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To assess the association between gestational age at delivery and adverse neonatal outcome among term low-risk singleton neonates. Methods: A retrospective cohort study design was used. The study group included all low-risk singleton term (37 + 0 to 41 + 6 weeks) newborns delivered in a single tertiary university-affiliated medical center over ...
Nzegwu Nneka N Department of Pediatrics, Section of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of the RAM nasal cannula (NC) with different modes of non-invasive ventilation (NIV) in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Methods: A single center prospective, observational study of infants placed on RAM NC. A small trial (Study 1) was completed in 16 infants ...
LeVan Jaclyn M JM Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, USA Pediatrix Medical Group, San Antonio, Texas, - - 2014
To test the hypothesis that the proportion of endotracheal intubation (ETI) in the delivery room (DR) decreased in Neonatal Research Network (NRN) centres after the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development NRN Surfactant, Positive Pressure, and Oxygenation Randomised Trial (SUPPORT). Retrospective cohort study using the prospective NRN generic ...
Marinović Vesna V University of Heidelberg, Psychology Department, Heidelberg, Germany, Psychologisches Institut, Universität Heidelberg, Hauptstrasse 47-51, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany; Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Psychosomatics, and Psychotherapy, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt/Main, Deutschordenstraße 50, 60528 Frankfurt/Main, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
For infants it is crucial to differentiate conspecifics from other animates in order to profoundly learn about the world, the self, and other people. The current study investigates brain correlates of a categorical human-animal distinction in infants of different age groups as well as in adults. Using the categorical oddball ...
Patel Shrena S Division of Neonatology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT. Electronic address: - - 2014
Delayed umbilical cord clamping benefits extremely low gestational age neonates (ELGANs), but has not gained wide acceptance. We hypothesized milking the umbilical cord (MUC) would avoid resuscitation delay but improve hemodynamic stability and reduce rates for composite outcome of severe intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), and/or death prior to ...
Highet Amanda R AR School of Paediatrics and Reproductive Health, University of Adelaide, 72 King William Road, North Adelaide, South Australia, - - 2014
The role of bacteria in the causation of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is gaining acceptance. Mainstream research favouring respiratory compromise has failed to provide a plausible pathogenetic mechanism despite many years of investigation and thousands of research papers. Bacterial colonisation of the colon of the human infant is influenced ...
Furukawa Seishi S Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Miyazaki, Miyazaki, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To determine the effect of placental abruption on the outcome of infants born between 22 and 26 weeks of gestation. Methods: A retrospective study involving 32 cases of placental abruption. Controls were matched to cases according to gestational age and birth weight. Medical records were reviewed to confirm ...
Forster Della A - - 2014
The risks of not breastfeeding for mother and infant are well established, yet in Australia, although most women initiate breastfeeding many discontinue breastfeeding altogether and few women exclusively breastfeed to six months as recommended by the World Health Organization and Australian health authorities.. We aim to determine whether proactive telephone ...
Van Belle Sarie S Estación de Biología Tropical Los Tuxtlas, Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Los Tuxtlas, - - 2014
Loud calling (i.e., howling) is the single most distinctive behavioral attribute of the social system of howler monkeys (Alouatta spp.), yet no general consensus exists regarding its main function. During a 28-month study of five groups of black howler monkeys (Alouatta pigra) at Palenque National Park, Mexico, we examined whether ...
Lu Ying-Chun YC Department of Pediatrics, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Chemistry, Fu Jen Catholic University, New Taipei City, Taiwan; Graduate Institute of Basic Medicine, Fu Jen Catholic University, New Taipei City, - - 2014
We compared our clinical experience with currently available reference oxygen saturation level (SpO2) values from the American Academy of Pediatrics/American Heart Association (AAP/AHA) neonatal resuscitation program guidelines. We enrolled 145 healthy full-term neonates; infants showing respiratory distress and those with serious congenital anomalies were excluded. SpO2 values at every 1 ...
Xu Xu-Juan XJ Department of Nursing, Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University, Xi Si Road 20#, Nantong, Jiangsu Province, 226001, People's Republic of China, - - 2014
We performed a meta-analysis to study the association between erythropoietin (EPO) and the development of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in preterm newborn infants. Studies were identified through PubMed (1966-) and ISI databases (1965-) literature searches. Results and effect sizes are expressed as odds ratio (OR) with 95 % confidence intervals (CI). ...
Cizmeci Mehmet Nevzat MN Fatih University Medical School, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: The objective of the present study was to investigate the early clinical signs of neonatal pneumothorax. Methods: A case-control study at a level III referral center from 2006 to 2012 was conducted. For each neonate with pneumothorax (Group I), one control subject (Group II) was identified by selecting ...
Manuck Tracy A TA University of Utah Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Salt Lake City, UT. Electronic address: - - 2014
Data regarding long term outcomes of neonates reaching viability following early preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM, <25.0 weeks at rupture) are limited. We hypothesized that babies delivered after early PPROM would have increased rates of major childhood morbidity compared to those with later PPROM (≥25.0 weeks at rupture). Secondary ...
Pham Trang M T TM Paediatric Critical Care Research Group, Mater Research Institute, The University of Queensland, South Brisbane, QLD, 4101, Australia; School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, QLD, 4000, - - 2014
The main physiological impact of high flow nasal cannula (HFNC) therapy is presumed to be a decrease in work of breathing (WOB). To assess this, diaphragmatic electrical activity and esophageal pressure changes were measured off then on HFNC delivered at 2 L/kg/min, in 14 infants with bronchiolitis and 14 cardiac infants. ...
Doan Emily E School of Medicine, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Qld, - - 2014
Births by elective caesarean section (CS) are rising, particularly before 39 weeks' gestation, which may be associated with unacceptably high risk of adverse neonatal outcomes. The optimal timing of these deliveries needs to be determined with recent recommendations to delay births by elective CS until 39 weeks. To evaluate the association between ...
Cole Whitney G WG New York University, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
The stability of a system affects how it will handle a perturbation: The system may compensate for the perturbation or not. This study examined how 14-month-old infants-notoriously unstable walkers-and adults cope with a perturbation to walking. We attached a platform to one of participants' shoes, forcing them to walk with ...
Mizobuchi Masami M Department of Neonatology, Hyogo Prefectural Kobe Children's Hospital Perinatal Center, Kobe, - - 2014
To determine whether patterns of increases in serum interleukin-6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels at birth were associated with the development of white matter injury (WMI) in preterm infants with a fetal inflammatory response (FIR). One hundredinfants who were born at <32 weeks gestation and had funisitis, as determined ...
Tan Xiaoyun X Departments of Interventional Therapy and Vascular - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of preoperative transcatheter arterial chemoembolization of hepatoblastoma in infants. Clinical data of 21 infants with hepatoblastoma treated between July 2008 and July 2012 in a single hospital were retrospectively analyzed. After preliminary diagnosis, surgical resection was performed in 9 infants (group I), and transcatheter arterial chemoembolization ...
Liu Jing - - 2014
Lung ultrasound is useful for the diagnosis of pneumonia in children and adults. This study investigated the lung ultrasound findings in severe neonatal pneumonia. From September 2012 to October 2013, 80 neonates admitted to Bayi Children's Hospital, affiliated with the Beijing Military General Hospital, were divided into two groups: a ...
Havranek Thomas T 1Albert Einstein University/Montefiore, Bronx, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the effects of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) on postprandial superior mesenteric artery blood flow velocities (SMA BFV)s and feeding tolerance in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) neonates. Methods: Appropriate for gestational age, ELBW preterm neonates, tolerating bolus enteral feedings were eligible to participate in this prospective ...
Doglioni Nicoletta N Department of Women and Children Health, School of Medicine, Padua University, Azienda Ospedaliera di Padova, Padua, - - 2014
To evaluate whether a polyethylene total body wrapping (covering both the body and head) is more effective than conventional treatment (covering up to the shoulders) in reducing perinatal thermal losses in very preterm infants. This was a multicenter, prospective, randomized, parallel 1:1, unblinded, controlled trial of infants <29 weeks' gestation age, ...
Orehek Edward - - 2014
Humans are motivated by a quest for significance that is threatened by the inevitability of death. However, individuals with interdependent self-construals, self-representations that reflect embeddedness with and connection to others, are able to extend themselves through time and space through their linkage to a larger social group. The present set ...
Ohls Robin K RK Department of Pediatrics, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New - - 2014
We previously reported decreased transfusions and donor exposures in preterm infants randomized to Darbepoetin (Darbe) or erythropoietin (Epo) compared with placebo. As these erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) have shown promise as neuroprotective agents, we hypothesized improved neurodevelopmental outcomes at 18 to 22 months among infants randomized to receive ESAs. We performed ...
Morehouse Deborah D Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (Mss Morehouse and Lloyd), Heart Institute Inpatient Nursing (Ms Williams), Department of Neonatology (Dr Baumgart), Biostatistics and Informatics, Children's Research Institute (Ms Sill), and Division of Neonatology, Department of Neonatology (Dr Short), Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC; Women's and Neonate's Health, Virginia Hospital Center, Arlington (Ms McCoy); Hospital Epidemiology, University of North Carolina Healthcare, Chapel Hill (Ms Walters); George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences (Drs Baumgart and Short) and the George Washington University School of Nursing, Washington, DC (Dr Guzzetta), and School of Nursing, University of Maryland, Baltimore (Dr - - 2014
Infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) often require surgical intervention and maintaining normothermia perioperatively is a major concern. In our preliminary study of 31 normothermic infants undergoing operative procedures in the operating room (OR), 58% (N = 18) returned hypothermic while all 5 undergoing procedures in the ...
Konca Capan C Department of Pediatrics, Neonatology Clinic, Adiyaman University, School of Medicine, Adiyaman, - - 2014
Aim: To investigate the association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D3) levels and transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN). Methods: Calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), parathormone (PTH) and serum 25(OH)D3 levels were measured in 51 infants diagnosed with TTN and 59 healthy control infants for comparison. Demographic factors including ...
Fung G P G GP Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, United Christian Hospital, Hong Kong. Electronic address: - - 2014
Both gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and late-preterm delivery at 34-36weeks' gestation are independently associated with neonatal respiratory complications, but it is unknown whether their combination increases further its risk. We therefore appraised the independent effect of GDM on the respiratory outcome of late-preterm infants. In a retrospective cohort study, respiratory ...
Duckitt Kirsten K Campbell River and District General Hospital, 375 - 2nd Avenue, Campbell River, British Columbia, Canada, V9W - - 2014
A number of tocolytics have been advocated for the treatment of threatened preterm labour in order to delay birth. The rationale is that a delay in birth may be associated with improved neonatal morbidity or mortality. Nitric oxide donors, such as nitroglycerin, have been used to relax the uterus. This ...
Boylan Jackie J Centre for Experimental Medicine, School of Medicine, Dentistry and Biomedical Sciences, Queen's University Belfast, , Belfast, Northern - - 2014
Examine the behavioural outcomes at age 3 years of late preterm infants (LPIs) who were admitted to neonatal intensive care (NIC) in comparison with LPIs who were not admitted. This cohort study prospectively recruited 225 children born late preterm (34-36(+6) weeks gestation) in 2006 in Northern Ireland, now aged 3 ...
Kim Do-Hyun DH Department of Pediatrics, Dongguk University Ilsan Hospital, Goyang, - - 2014
Background: In bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), disrupted angiogenesis may result from an imbalance between pro- and anti-angiogenic factors triggered by inflammation, leading to the late development of pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH). Objectives: To investigate whether the levels of serum endostatin (as an anti-angiogenic factor) and angiopoietin-1 (AP-1; as a pro-angiogenic factor) ...
Niemarkt Hendrik J HJ Department of Pediatrics, Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht, The - - 2014
Background:A new technique was proposed to administer surfactant to spontaneous breathing preterm infants by placing a thin catheter through the vocal cords. This technique was not studied with respect to oxygenation, gas exchange, surfactant distribution and lung mechanics. We tested the technique of less invasive surfactant administration (LISA) in a ...
Saleemi Muhammad Shahid Hussain MS Department of Neonatology, Rotunda Hospital, Dublin, Ireland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Myocardial performance is impaired in the first days of life in preterm infants but improves by day 5. Tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) is a novel and reliable means of assessing myocardial performance. To investigate myocardial performance using TDI and shortening fraction (SF) in preterm infants of different gestational age groups ...
Sheen Tzong-Chyi TC Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Yuan's General Hospital, No. 162, Chenggong 1st Rd., Kaohsiung 802, - - 2014
Nonreassuring fetal status (NRFS) refers to a compromised fetal condition which implies hypoxia. The influence of intrapartum hypoxia on autonomic nervous system function in early postnatal life is unknown. This study explored the influence of NRFS on the heart rate variability (HRV) of newborn infants. Singleton newborn infants delivered through ...
Clark-Ganheart Cecily A CA Medstar Washington Hospital Center, Washington, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to compare outcomes among vigorous neonates (5-minute Apgar score 7 or greater) with acidemia (arterial cord pH less than 7) at birth with vigorous neonates without acidemia (arterial cord pH 7.1 or greater). A retrospective case-control study was performed using the Medstar PeriBirth labor ...
Gfroerer Stefan S Department of Pediatric Surgery, University Hospital Frankfurt, Goethe-University Frankfurt/M., Theodor-Stern-Kai 7, 60590, Frankfurt, Germany, - - 2014
There is ongoing controversy regarding the surgical treatment of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in infants with extremely low birth weight (ELBW). We hypothesize that primary laparotomy is a safe and effective treatment for all infants with surgical NEC. We retrospectively compared a group of ELBW infants (<1,000 g, group A, n = 39) with ...
García-Nieto Víctor V Pediatric Nephrology Section, "Nuestra Señora de la Candelaria" University Hospital, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain, - - 2014
Although 99mTc-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) scan is considered the gold standard for the diagnosis of acute pyelonephritis (AP), sometimes it produces false results in children with clinical features of AP. There are no studies on the comparison of the sensitivity of DMSA and concentrating capacity test. Eighty-five infants with AP of ...
Bertmann Farryl M W FM Gretchen Swanson Center for Nutrition, Omaha, - - 2014
Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) cash value vouchers (CVV) have been inconsistently redeemed in Arizona. The objective of this study was to explore perceived barriers to use of CVV as well as strategies participants use to overcome them. Eight focus groups were conducted to explore attitudes and behaviors related to ...
Shakiba M M Department of Pediatrics, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Science, Avicenna Street, Yazd, Iran. - - 2014
Vitamin D deficiency is common in pregnant women, and supplementation of vitamin D is necessary for the infants of these women. This study explored the efficacy of an alternative way of vitamin D supplementation in an area with a high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in mothers. This was a ...
França Ellia Cl - - 2014
When breastfeeding is difficult or impossible during the neonatal period, an analysis of muscle activity can help determine the best method for substituting it to promote the child's development. The aim of this study was to analyze the electrical activity of the masseter muscle using surface electromyography during suction in ...
Muslubas Isil Bahar Sayman IB Department of Eye, Semdinli State Hospital, Hakkari, - - 2014
Purpose: To assess the central corneal thickness (CCT) and intraocular pressure (IOP) in premature and full-term newborns. Materials and Methods: In this study, we evaluated measurements of CCT and IOP in 45 premature and 45 full-term newborns. IOP was determined with topical anesthesia using a Tono-Pen AVIA, applanation tonometer and ...
Agrawal Divya D Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, IMS & SUM Hospital , SOA University, Bhubaneswar, India - - 2014
Introduction: Congenital anomalies or malformations are anatomical. Structural or functional defects present at birth leads to physical and mental disabilities. With the advent of newer drugs, infectious diseases have taken the backseat and congenital defects have emerged as an important cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. In India, anomalies of ...
Kim Dong Sub DS Department of Pediatrics, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine, Daegu, - - 2014
A recent study analyzing several cytokines reported that long cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) time and long aortic cross clamp (ACC) time were accompanied by enhanced postoperative inflammation, which contrasted with the modest influence of the degree of hypothermia. In this present study, we aimed to examine the effect of CPB temperature ...
Sridhar Santhanam S 1Neonatology Department, Christian Medical College, Vellore, India 2Dept. of Biostatistics, Christian Medical College, Vellore, India 3Microbiology Dept., Christian Medical College, Vellore, - - 2014
This retrospective study was done to determine the incidence of neonatal Group B streptococcal (GBS) sepsis among newborn between 1998 and 2010. Among 107,692 babies born during this period, the overall incidence of GBS sepsis was 0.76 / 1000 live births with the incidence of early onset sepsis (EOS) being ...
Basu Sriparna - - 2014
Background: Intra-uterine growth-restricted (IUGR) fetuses are prone to hypoxic changes in the brain and neurodevelopmental sequelae in later life. Chronic hypoxaemia may also lead to polycythaemia in the fetal and neonatal period. Aim: To evaluate venous haematocrit and cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV) in term IUGR neonates in the immediate ...
Lando A A Department of Neonatology, The Juliane Marie Centre, University Hospital Copenhagen, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, - - 2014
In 2005 we changed our minimally invasive departmental policy for infants born before 26 weeks of gestation to a proactive approach. This included structured guidelines as well as intubation and surfactant in the delivery room, if the parents agreed. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of ...
Hünseler Christoph C 1Department of Neonatology and Pediatric Intensive Care, University of Cologne, Children's Hospital, Köln, Germany. 2Department of Pediatric Cardiology and Congenital Heart Disease, German Heart Center Munich, TUM, München, Germany. 3Department of Pediatric Anesthesia, DRK Children's Hospital, Siegen, Germany. 4Department of Anaesthesiology and Postoperative Intensive Care Medicine, University of Cologne, Köln, Germany. 5Department of Neonatology, University Hospital Halle, Halle, Germany. 6Department of Pediatric Intensive Care, Children's Hospital of the University of Essen, Essen, Germany. 7Department of Pediatrics, Hospital of the University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany. 8Department of Pediatrics III, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany. 9Department of Pediatric Anaesthesia, Children's Hospital of the City of Cologne, Köln, Germany. 10Department of Pediatrics, Neonatology and Intensive Care, Heinrich Heine University of Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Germany. 11Department of Pediatric Cardiology, German Heart Center of Berlin, Berlin, Germany. 12Department of Pediatrics, Hospital of the University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany. 13Department of Pediatrics, Intensive Care, University of Mainz, Mainz, Germany. 14Department of Neonatology, University Hospital of Bonn, Bonn, Germany. 15Department of Therapeutic Drug Monitoring, Institute of Pharmacology, University of Cologne, Köln, Germany. 16Institute of Medical Statistics, Informatics and Epidemiology, University of Cologne, Köln, Germany. 17Center of Clinical Studies, University of Cologne, Köln, - - 2014
To assess the influence of an infusion of clonidine 1 μg/kg/hr on fentanyl and midazolam requirement in ventilated newborns and infants. Prospective, double-blind, randomized controlled multicenter trial. Controlled trials.com/ISRCTN77772144. Twenty-eight level 3 German PICUs/neonatal ICUs. Ventilated newborns and infants: stratum I (1-28 d), stratum II, (29-120 d), and stratum III ...
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