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Kristoff Kimberly C KC Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (Mss Kristoff and Wessner), and School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, and the Lactation Program, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (Dr Spatz), - - 2014
The need to support and promote breastfeeding is unquestionable. The World Breastfeeding Week 2013 theme, "Breastfeeding Support: Close to Mothers," focuses on "breastfeeding peer counseling." Mother support groups are traditionally community-based and little is published about peer-to-peer support for mothers who have critically ill newborns. This study describes the development ...
Tan Justin Ht JH Department of Paediatric Subspecialty, KK Women's and Children's Hospital, - - 2014
Late preterm babies are defined as those born between 34 to 36 completed weeks. There has been a recent increased awareness that this group of babies has a higher incidence of morbidity as compared to term babies. The aim of this study was to evaluate the short-term morbidities occurring in ...
Chen You-Peng YP aDepartment of Infectious Diseases bDepartment of Laboratory Medicine, the first Affiliated Hospital of Jinan University, Guangzhou cDepartment of Clinical Medicine, Medical College of Hunan Normal University, Changsha dDepartment of Obstetrics and Gynecology, the first Affiliated Hospital of Jinan University, Guangzhou, China eInstitute of Nutritional Science, University of Potsdam, Nuthetal, Potsdam, Germany *You-Peng Chen and Yong-Ping Lu contributed equally to the writing of this - - 2014
Recent studies show that preterm birth is associated with hypertension in later life. The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) during pregnancy influences fetal growth and development. In the current study, we investigated the impact of fetal as well as maternal angiotensin (1-7) [Ang (1-7)] and angiotensin II (Ang II) plasma concentrations on ...
Kwon Soo Hyun SH Department of Pediatrics, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn., - - 2014
Background: Preclinical data demonstrate that gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) interneurons initiate connectivity in the developing brain. Objectives: The goal of this study was to compare GABA concentration and its relationship to functional connectivity in the brains of term and preterm infants at term-equivalent age. Methods: Infants received both magnetic resonance spectroscopy ...
Harding C C Department of L.C.S., City University, London, United Kingdom; The Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Fifty nine premature infants participated in a randomized controlled study to determine the effectiveness of non-nutritive sucking (NNS). It was predicted that NNS would not accelerate the development of full oral feeding or early language skills as sometimes perceived in practice. However, it was predicted that using NNS as a ...
Zhang Yuxia Y 1Nursing Department, Children's Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China. 2Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Children's Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China. 3Department of Information, Children's Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China. 4School of Nursing and Midwifery, Faculty of Health, Education and Society, Plymouth University, Plymouth, United Kingdom. 5School of Nursing and Midwifery, Faculty Health Science, Curtin University, Perth, Australia. 6Department of Pediatrics, Intensive Care Neonatology, Erasmus MC-Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, The - - 2014
To evaluate the effectiveness of nonnutritive sucking (NNS) and oral stimulation (OS), either applied alone or in combination, to reduce the transition time from tube feeding to independent oral feeding. Randomized controlled trial. A 40-bed neonatal ICU in a university hospital in the People's Republic of China. A total of ...
Morag Iris I Department of Neonatology, The Edmond and Lily Safra Children's Hospital, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To ascertain the most common early morbidities in a cohort of infants born at 34-35 weeks gestation and to identify the risk factors associated with these morbidities. Methods: Retrospective analysis of data collected prospectively for all 235 infants born at 34-35 weeks of gestation during an eight-month period ...
Wu Ying-Chin YC School and Graduate Institute of Physical Therapy, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, - - 2014
This study examined the effects and mediators of a clinic-based intervention program (CBIP) and a home-based intervention program (HBIP) compared with usual care in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) preterm infants on developmental and behavioral outcomes at 24 months of age (corrected for prematurity). In this randomized controlled trial, VLBW preterm infants received ...
Rüegger Christoph M CM Division of Neonatology, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, - - 2014
Background: Since the introduction of randomized controlled trials (RCT) in clinical research, there has been discussion of whether enrolled patients have worse or better outcomes than comparable non-participants. Objective: To investigate whether very preterm infants randomized to a placebo group in an RCT have equivalent neurodevelopmental outcomes to infants who ...
Litmanovitz Ita - - 2014
Beta-palmitate (sn-2 palmitate) mimics human milk fat, enabling easier digestion.Therefore, we hypothesized that infants consuming high beta-palmitate formula would have more frequent, softer stools and reduced crying compared to infants consuming low beta-palmitate formula. Formula-fed infants were randomly assigned to receive either (1) formula with high beta-palmitate (HBP, n = ...
Wassen M M L H MM Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Atrium Medical Center Parkstad , Heerlen , the - - 2014
The association between neonatal sepsis and labour epidural analgesia (EA) was evaluated. In a retrospective matched case-control study, 453 women delivering with EA (EA group) were matched on parity with 453 women with deliveries without EA (non-EA group). Significantly more neonates born in the EA-group had fever ≥ 38.0°C (11.6% ...
Zuppa A A AA Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart , Rome , - - 2014
The aim of this study was to validate the efficacy of a protocol for the management of infants born to colonised mothers with Group B Streptococcus (GBS). We studied a cohort of newborns admitted at the A. Gemelli University Hospital between May 2006 and December 2009. A total of 1,108 ...
Nagasawa Hiroyuki H Department of Neonatology, Gifu Prefectural General Medical Center, 4-6-1 Noisshiki, Gifu, 500-8717, Japan, - - 2014
Several methods for evaluating left ventricular stroke volume (SV) in neonates using echocardiography have been reported. However, no studies on methodologic comparison of SV with three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography are available. This is the first detailed report on a methodologic comparison of SV in the early neonatal period. The study group ...
Jeste Shafali Spurling SS From the Departments of Psychiatry and Neurology (S.S.J.), and Department of Psychiatry (J.K., B.M., C.S.), UCLA Semel Institute of Neuroscience and Human Behavior, Los Angeles, CA; Division of Pediatric Neurology (J.Y.W.), Mattel Children's Hospital, UCLA, Los Angeles; Department of Biostatistics (D.S.), School of Public Health, UCLA, Los Angeles; and Laboratories of Cognitive Neuroscience (K.V., V.V.-F., C.A.N.), Division of Developmental Medicine, Department of Neurology (K.D.), F.M. Kirby Neurobiology Center (M.S.), Department of Neurology, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA. - - 2014
We performed a longitudinal cohort study of infants with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC), with the overarching goal of defining early clinical, behavioral, and biological markers of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in this high-risk population.METHODS: Infants with TSC and typically developing controls were recruited as early as 3 months of age ...
Afanetti Mickael M Neonatal and Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Hôpital de Bicetre, APHP, Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
The utility of transcutaneous bilirubin measurements (TcB) in screening for hyperbilirubinemia in preterm infants (<34weeks) and in non-white infants remains a matter of debate. To evaluate accuracy of TcB in preterm and term infants of different ethnic backgrounds, using a second generation bilirubinometer. The Draeger JM-103® device was used to ...
Oztekın Osman O Department of Neonatology, Denizli State Hospital, Denizli, - - 2014
Aim The aim of the article is to evaluate ischemia-modified albumin (IMA) levels in infants with transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN) and to find out its relation to the disease severity. Patients and Methods Infants with > 37 weeks of gestation, without any respiratory and cardiac symptoms and without any maternal health problems, ...
Walsh Jennifer M JM From the Departments of Newborn Research and Neonatal Services (J.M.W., L.W.D., J.L.Y.C.), Royal Women's Hospital, 20 Flemington Rd, Parkville, VIC 3052, Australia; University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia (L.W.D., P.J.A., K.J.L., J.L.Y.C.); and Department of Victorian Infant Brain Studies, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Royal Children's Hospital, Parkville, Australia (J.M.W., L.W.D., P.J.A., K.J.L., - - 2014
Purpose To compare the size of multiple brain structures, maturation in terms of both brain myelination and gyral development, and evidence of brain injury between moderate and late preterm (MLPT) and term-born infants at term-equivalent age. Materials and Methods The study was approved by the human research ethics committees of ...
Kaur R R National Institute of Nursing Education, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, - - 2014
Efficacy of burping in lowering colic and regurgitation episodes in healthy term babies lacks evidence in literature. We conducted a randomized controlled trial to compare efficacy of burping versus no-burping in 71 mother-baby dyads in community setting. Primary outcome was reduction in event rates of colic and regurgitation episodes over ...
Modarres Nejad V V Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology , Kerman University of Medical Sciences , Kerman-Iran - - 2014
Oronasopharyngeal suction (ONPS) with a suction bulb at birth is a traditional practice in the initial management of healthy infants in Iran and many other countries. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of oronasopharyngeal suction (ONPS) with those of no suction in normal, term newborns delivered ...
Drysdale Simon B SB Division of Asthma, Allergy and Lung Biology, King's College London, London, UK, - - 2014
Our aim was to determine whether viral lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) adversely affect prematurely born infants' lung function at follow up. Seventy infants, median gestational age 34 (range, 24-35) weeks were prospectively followed; 32 had an RSV (n = 14) or another respiratory viral (n = 18) LRTI (viral LRTI group) and 38 had ...
Wang Bin B Institute of Reproductive and Child Health/Ministry of Health Key Laboratory of Reproductive Health, School of Public Health, Peking University, Beijing 100191, PR - - 2014
Organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) in placental tissue have been reported to be associated with an increased risk for fetal neural tube defects (NTDs). Our case-control study was performed to explore the association between maternal serum OCP concentration and NTD risk in offspring. Serum samples were collected from 117 mothers who delivered ...
Aleman M M Department of Medicine and Epidemiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, - - 2014
Reports of the use of brainstem auditory evoked response (BAER) as a diagnostic modality in foals have been limited. To describe BAER findings and associated causes of hearing loss in foals. Study group 18 foals (15 neonatal, 3 nonneonatal), control group (5 neonatal foals). Retrospective. BAER records from the Clinical ...
Kanemaru Nao N Department of Physical and Health Education, Graduate School of Education, The University of Tokyo, - - 2014
Assessment of spontaneous movements in infants has been a powerful predictor of cerebral palsy (CP). Recent advancements on computer-based video analysis can provide detailed information about the properties of spontaneous movements. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between spontaneous movements of the 4 limbs at term ...
Eliasson Ann-Christin - - 2014
Infants with unilateral brain lesions are at high risk of developing unilateral cerebral palsy (CP). Given the great plasticity of the young brain, possible interventions for infants at risk of unilateral CP deserve exploration. Constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) is known to be effective for older children with unilateral CP but ...
DeFranco Ea E Center for Prevention of Preterm Birth, Perinatal Institute, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA; Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH, - - 2014
To assess the influence of inadequate birth spacing on birth timing distribution across gestation. Population-based retrospective cohort study using vital statistics birth records. Ohio, USA. Singleton, non-anomalous live births ≥20 weeks to multiparous mothers, 2006-2011. Birth frequency at each gestational week was compared following short IPIs of <6, 6-12 and 12-18 months ...
Franz Maximilian B MB Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, - - 2014
To evaluate global and single gene methylation patterns as a sign for epigenetic modulation of the immune system in infants born by elective cesarean section (CS) and vaginal delivery (VD). For this prospective pilot study a two step approach was chosen. Initially 41 newborn infants comprising 23 delivered by VD ...
Sherry Christina L CL Scientific and Medical Affairs, Abbott Nutrition, Columbus, OH - - 2014
Lutein is a carotenoid that varies in breast milk depending on maternal intake. Data are lacking with regard to the effect of dietary lutein supplementation on breast milk lutein concentration during lactation and subsequent plasma lutein concentration in breast-fed infants. This study was conducted to determine the impact of lutein ...
Perricone G G giovanna.perricone@unipa.it - - - 2014
The study was aimed at obtaining knowledge about mothers' experiences of preterm birth. The objective of the study is to explore coping strategies and self- perceived parental competence, in mothers of infant born moderately and severely preterm and admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). The study involved a ...
Smith Joan R JR Division of Nursing and Newborn Intensive Care, St Louis Children's Hospital, Missouri (Dr Smith); School of Nursing, University of Connecticut, Nursing Research, Connecticut Children's Medical Center, Hartford (Dr McGrath); School of Nursing and Medicine, University of Missouri Kansas City (Dr Brotto); and Department of Pediatric Newborn Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts (Dr - - 2014
To systematically test the cumulative effect of the M Technique on infant neurodevelopment in hospitalized very preterm infants. A pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT). Twenty very preterm infants (<30 weeks gestation with average birth weights <1000 g) were randomly assigned to nontreatment or treatment groups. The study period began once ...
Kobayashi Aya A Departments of 1Obstetrics and - - 2014
Chronic abruption-oligohydramnios sequence (CAOS) is a clinical condition with lasting vaginal bleeding and oligohydramnios because of chronic placental abruption, which seems to cause preterm labor and neonatal chronic lung disease (CLD). This prompted us to explore the correlation between perinatal/neonatal outcomes and CAOS. Patients with suspected risk of abortion with ...
Karahan Eyyup E Department of Ophthalmology, Alfagoz Eye Center, I.zmir - - - 2014
To evaluate the relation of central corneal thickness (CCT) and intraocular pressure (IOP) in preterm and full-term newborns. The study included preterm infants who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit. A group of consecutive full-term newborns served as control group. Linear and multiple regression analysis were carried out ...
Damghanian Maryam M Department of Reproductive Health, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, IR - - 2014
Infant mortality rate is a useful indicator of health conditions in the society, the racial and socioeconomic inequality of which is from the most important measures of social inequality. The aim of this study was to determine the socioeconomic inequality and its determinants regarding infant mortality in an Iranian population. ...
Prachukthum Sariya - - 2014
Preterm infants have a risk factor of developing late-onset group B streptococcal (GBS) infection. A 62-day-old infant who was a former 25-week male infant presented with fever and an erythematous, warm and tender, soft tissue swelling in the right submandibular region. He was diagnosed with cellulitis. Within 72 hours, his ...
Brisebois Simon S Department of Surgery, ENT Division, Université de Sherbrooke, 3001 12(e) avenue Nord, Sherbrooke (QC), Canada J1H - - 2014
Reflux laryngitis in infants may be involved not only in laryngeal disorders, but also in disorders of cardiorespiratory control through its impact on laryngeal function. Our objective was to study the effect of reflux laryngitis on non-nutritive swallowing (NNS) and NNS-breathing coordination. Two groups of six newborn lambs, randomized into ...
Regev Rivka H RH Department of Neonatology, Meir Hospital,Sapir Medical Center, Kfar Saba, - - 2014
Abstract Background: Pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH) has been associated with a decreased risk of infant mortality in small for gestational age (SGA) preterm infants. Objective: To evaluate the influence of PIH on mortality and major neonatal morbidities in singleton preterm SGA infants, in the presence and absence of acute pregnancy ...
Linder N N Department of Neonatology - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To assess the association between gestational age at delivery and adverse neonatal outcome among term low-risk singleton neonates. Methods: A retrospective cohort study design was used. The study group included all low-risk singleton term (37 + 0 to 41 + 6 weeks) newborns delivered in a single tertiary university-affiliated medical center over ...
Nzegwu Nneka N Department of Pediatrics, Section of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of the RAM nasal cannula (NC) with different modes of non-invasive ventilation (NIV) in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Methods: A single center prospective, observational study of infants placed on RAM NC. A small trial (Study 1) was completed in 16 infants ...
LeVan Jaclyn M JM Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, USA Pediatrix Medical Group, San Antonio, Texas, - - 2014
To test the hypothesis that the proportion of endotracheal intubation (ETI) in the delivery room (DR) decreased in Neonatal Research Network (NRN) centres after the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development NRN Surfactant, Positive Pressure, and Oxygenation Randomised Trial (SUPPORT). Retrospective cohort study using the prospective NRN generic ...
Marinović Vesna V University of Heidelberg, Psychology Department, Heidelberg, Germany, Psychologisches Institut, Universität Heidelberg, Hauptstrasse 47-51, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany; Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Psychosomatics, and Psychotherapy, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt/Main, Deutschordenstraße 50, 60528 Frankfurt/Main, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
For infants it is crucial to differentiate conspecifics from other animates in order to profoundly learn about the world, the self, and other people. The current study investigates brain correlates of a categorical human-animal distinction in infants of different age groups as well as in adults. Using the categorical oddball ...
Patel Shrena S Division of Neonatology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT. Electronic address: - - 2014
Delayed umbilical cord clamping benefits extremely low gestational age neonates (ELGANs), but has not gained wide acceptance. We hypothesized milking the umbilical cord (MUC) would avoid resuscitation delay but improve hemodynamic stability and reduce rates for composite outcome of severe intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), and/or death prior to ...
Highet Amanda R AR School of Paediatrics and Reproductive Health, University of Adelaide, 72 King William Road, North Adelaide, South Australia, - - 2014
The role of bacteria in the causation of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is gaining acceptance. Mainstream research favouring respiratory compromise has failed to provide a plausible pathogenetic mechanism despite many years of investigation and thousands of research papers. Bacterial colonisation of the colon of the human infant is influenced ...
Furukawa Seishi S Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Miyazaki, Miyazaki, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To determine the effect of placental abruption on the outcome of infants born between 22 and 26 weeks of gestation. Methods: A retrospective study involving 32 cases of placental abruption. Controls were matched to cases according to gestational age and birth weight. Medical records were reviewed to confirm ...
Forster Della A - - 2014
The risks of not breastfeeding for mother and infant are well established, yet in Australia, although most women initiate breastfeeding many discontinue breastfeeding altogether and few women exclusively breastfeed to six months as recommended by the World Health Organization and Australian health authorities.. We aim to determine whether proactive telephone ...
Van Belle Sarie S Estación de Biología Tropical Los Tuxtlas, Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Los Tuxtlas, - - 2014
Loud calling (i.e., howling) is the single most distinctive behavioral attribute of the social system of howler monkeys (Alouatta spp.), yet no general consensus exists regarding its main function. During a 28-month study of five groups of black howler monkeys (Alouatta pigra) at Palenque National Park, Mexico, we examined whether ...
Lu Ying-Chun YC Department of Pediatrics, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Chemistry, Fu Jen Catholic University, New Taipei City, Taiwan; Graduate Institute of Basic Medicine, Fu Jen Catholic University, New Taipei City, - - 2014
We compared our clinical experience with currently available reference oxygen saturation level (SpO2) values from the American Academy of Pediatrics/American Heart Association (AAP/AHA) neonatal resuscitation program guidelines. We enrolled 145 healthy full-term neonates; infants showing respiratory distress and those with serious congenital anomalies were excluded. SpO2 values at every 1 ...
Xu Xu-Juan XJ Department of Nursing, Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University, Xi Si Road 20#, Nantong, Jiangsu Province, 226001, People's Republic of China, - - 2014
We performed a meta-analysis to study the association between erythropoietin (EPO) and the development of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in preterm newborn infants. Studies were identified through PubMed (1966-) and ISI databases (1965-) literature searches. Results and effect sizes are expressed as odds ratio (OR) with 95 % confidence intervals (CI). ...
Cizmeci Mehmet Nevzat MN Fatih University Medical School, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: The objective of the present study was to investigate the early clinical signs of neonatal pneumothorax. Methods: A case-control study at a level III referral center from 2006 to 2012 was conducted. For each neonate with pneumothorax (Group I), one control subject (Group II) was identified by selecting ...
Manuck Tracy A TA University of Utah Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Salt Lake City, UT. Electronic address: - - 2014
Data regarding long term outcomes of neonates reaching viability following early preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM, <25.0 weeks at rupture) are limited. We hypothesized that babies delivered after early PPROM would have increased rates of major childhood morbidity compared to those with later PPROM (≥25.0 weeks at rupture). Secondary ...
Pham Trang M T TM Paediatric Critical Care Research Group, Mater Research Institute, The University of Queensland, South Brisbane, QLD, 4101, Australia; School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, QLD, 4000, - - 2014
The main physiological impact of high flow nasal cannula (HFNC) therapy is presumed to be a decrease in work of breathing (WOB). To assess this, diaphragmatic electrical activity and esophageal pressure changes were measured off then on HFNC delivered at 2 L/kg/min, in 14 infants with bronchiolitis and 14 cardiac infants. ...
Doan Emily E School of Medicine, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Qld, - - 2014
Births by elective caesarean section (CS) are rising, particularly before 39 weeks' gestation, which may be associated with unacceptably high risk of adverse neonatal outcomes. The optimal timing of these deliveries needs to be determined with recent recommendations to delay births by elective CS until 39 weeks. To evaluate the association between ...
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