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Results 451 - 500 of 1957
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Sun Song - - 2013
Biliary atresia (BA) is one of the most common and perplexing causes of neonatal cholestasis. Each year many cases of neonatal cholestasis are misdiagnosed as BA, resulting in unnecessary exploratory surgery. Therefore, the aim of our study was to analyze the clinical features and parameters that contribute to the misdiagnosis ...
Schmid Manuel B - - 2013
Intracranial hemorrhage occurs in 20% to 25% of neonates born before the 30(th) week of gestation or weighing less than 1500 grams at birth. These hemorrhages carry a risk of long-term neurocognitive damage. Measures for lowering the incidence of intracranial hemorrhage were evaluated. A working group at the University of ...
Nishi Eri - - 2013
Infants are known to suckle and ingest breast milk by wrapping the tongue around a nipple, writhing the tongue, and pressing the nipple. However, the dynamic mechanisms of tongue movement are still obscure, and factors related to sucking difficulties of infants are not well understood. We developed an artificial nipple ...
Bernal María José - - 2013
Infant cereals are often the elected foodstuff for beginning complementary feeding and provide carbohydrates which are different to those found in maternal milk. The objective of this preliminary study was to ascertain the colonic effects of two infant cereals, with different carbohydrate profiles, in a randomised and double-blind trial in ...
Aliefendioglu Didem - - 2013
Sepsis is an important cause of neonatal death and perinatal brain damage, particularly in preterm infants. It is thought that activation of the inflammatory cascade triggered by cytokine might play a role in the pathogenesis of sepsis. Recent evidence supports a role for resistin in inflammation. There are no data ...
Paul Saritha - - 2013
Poractant alfa and beractant are the commonly used animal derived surfactants in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome. Between 2005 and 2007, poractant alfa and beractant were alternated every month in our neonatal intensive care unit for 27 months. The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of ...
Palmer Debra J DJ School of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia. - - 2013
Observational studies suggest that early regular ingestion of allergenic foods might reduce the risk of food allergy. We sought to determine whether early regular oral egg exposure will reduce subsequent IgE-mediated egg allergy in infants with moderate-to-severe eczema. In a double-blind, randomized controlled trial infants were allocated to 1 teaspoon ...
Mangani Charles - - 2013
Low nutritional value of complementary foods is associated with high incidence of childhood growth stunting in low-income countries. This study was done to test a hypothesis that dietary complementation with lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS) promotes linear growth and reduces the incidence of severe stunting among at-risk infants. A total of ...
Giannì Maria Lorella - - 2013
Abstract Objective: The health benefits provided by breast milk are significant in preterm infants. Despite recommendations, rates of breastfeeding in preterm infants are lower than in term infants. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a multidisciplinary intervention in promoting any breastfeeding in preterm infants at ...
Azzopardi Denis - - 2014
The amplitude integrated EEG (aEEG) is reputed to be one of the best predictors of neurological outcome following hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy in term newborns and was used to select infants into trials of neuroprotection with hypothermia, but its predictive value and the effect of moderate hypothermia on the aEEG have ...
Fan Wenguang - - 2013
The gastrointestinal microbiota plays a crucial role in the health and disease of the host through its impact on nutrition. Gut microbial composition is related to different diets, but an association of microbiota with different diets in infant has not yet been shown. In this work, we compared the fecal ...
Rzehak Peter - - 2013
The interplay of genetic and nutritional regulation of the insulin-like growth factor-I axis in children is unclear. Therefore, potential gene-nutrient effects on serum levels of the IGF-I axis in a formula feeding trial were studied. European multicenter randomized clinical trial of 1090 term, formula-fed infants assigned to receive cow's milk-based ...
Fava Eswen - - 2013
Numerous studies have provided clues about the ontogeny of lateralization of auditory processing in humans, but most have employed specific subtypes of stimuli and/or have assessed responses in discrete temporal windows. The present study used near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) to establish changes in hemodynamic activity in the neocortex of preverbal infants ...
Oswari Hanifah - - 2013
AIM: The composition of faecal microbiota of babies is known to be influenced by diet. Faecal calprotectin and α1-antitrypsin concentrations may be associated with mucosal permeability and inflammation. We aimed to assess whether there was any difference after consumption of a probiotic/prebiotic formula on faecal microbiota composition, calprotectin and α1-antitrypsin ...
Michel George F - - 2013
Handedness for acquiring objects was assessed monthly from 6 to 14 months in 328 infants (182 males). A group based trajectory model identified 3 latent groups with different developmental trajectories: those with an identifiable right preference (38%) or left preference (14%) and those without an identifiable preference (48%) but with ...
Kenny Maeve - - 2013
Maternal severe mental illness (SMI) disrupts mother-infant interaction in the immediate postpartum and is associated with less than optimal offspring development. In-patient mother and baby units (MBUs) provide the opportunity of supporting mothers with SMI in developing their relationships with their infants in order to minimise this disruption. One way ...
Ohls Robin K RK Department of Pediatrics, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA. - - 2013
A novel erythropoiesis stimulating agent (ESA), darbepoetin alfa (Darbe), increases hematocrit in anemic adults when administered every 1 to 3 weeks. Weekly Darbe dosing has not been evaluated in preterm infants. We hypothesized that infants would respond to Darbe by decreasing transfusion needs compared with placebo, with less-frequent dosing than ...
Parry Michael - - 2013
AIM: We aimed to determine, in full-term newborns born between 2000 and 2499 g, what proportion develop problems or the need for interventions that would likely require admission to a special care nursery (SCN) (i.e. needed an intravenous line (IV) or a nasogastric tube (NGT). METHODS: A multicentre, retrospective audit of ...
Erickson Sarah J SJ University of New Mexico, Department of Psychology, Albuquerque, NM 87131, - - 2013
Parental "scaffolding" behavior has been associated with developmental outcomes in at-risk children. Because there are limited empirical data regarding how scaffolding is associated with emotion-based developmental skills, the purpose of this study was to compare associations between maternal verbal scaffolding and toddler emotion regulation, including fewer displays of negative affect ...
Sun Huiqing - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: Mechanical ventilation and surfactants are the standard treatment of preterm respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). The effects of the primary ventilation model on bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and long-term neurodevelopment outcomes are controversial. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) and ...
Butler T J - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:To assess how a standard practice for nutrition support in very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates would impact on their hospital course.STUDY DESIGN:This was a prospective, single center, before vs after comparison of a non-standardized approach to nutrition in VLBW neonates to a standardized approach. Standardization of feeding initiation, feeding ...
Savini Sara - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Elevated plasma phytosterol concentrations are an untoward effect of parenteral nutrition (PN) with vegetable oil-based lipid emulsions (LEs). Phytosterols are elevated in neonatal cholestasis, but the relation remains controversial. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to study the effect of 5 LEs on plasma phytosterols in preterm infants. DESIGN: One hundred ...
Thoren Emelie Maria - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To qualitatively evaluate the content of communication in Facebook communities dedicated to preterm infants. DESIGN: The 25 largest public English-language Facebook groups focusing on preterm infants were identified. For each group, the 20 most recent wallposts and a maximum of the 15 first comments to these wallposts, and the ...
Neri I - - 2013
BACKGROUND: literature still lacks comprehensive assessments on the features of neonatal hair and scalp characteristics. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 45 newborns were recruited for this study. For each patient, data regarding sex, age at consultation, delivery method, gestational age, and maternal age at delivery were collected. A clinical score of hair ...
Vollsæter Maria - - 2013
BACKGROUND: As a result of advances in perinatal care, more small preterm infants survive. There are concerns that preterm birth and its treatments may harm pulmonary development and thereby lead to chronic airway obstruction in adulthood. OBJECTIVE: To assess the development of spirometric lung function variables from mid-childhood to adulthood ...
Koestler Devin C DC Department of Community and Family Medicine, Geisel School of Medicine, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH 03755, - - 2013
There is increasing epidemiologic evidence that arsenic exposure in utero, even at low levels found throughout much of the world, is associated with adverse reproductive outcomes and may contribute to long-term health effects. Animal models, in vitro studies, and human cancer data suggest that arsenic may induce epigenetic alterations, specifically ...
Bhethanabhotla S S - - 2013
Objective:To evaluate the effect of supine position when compared with periodic change of position during phototherapy in late preterm and term neonates (35 to 42 weeks) with hyperbilirubinemia on the duration of phototherapy.Study Design:We randomly allocated enrolled neonates with hyperbilirubinemia to either no change in position (supine group (SG); n=54) ...
Gomez-Llorente Carolina - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:: There are many differences in the fecal infant microbiota associated with various feeding methods. The aim of this study was to examine the major differences in the fecal microbiota of breast-fed and formula-fed infants and to describe the principal bacterial components that would explain the variability in the predominant ...
Kew Simone - - 2013
Background:Infants are at risk of vitamin D insufficiency, owing to their limited exposure to direct sunlight and the low levels of vitamin D in breastmilk. While vitamin D insufficiency has been associated with cardio-metabolic risk factors in children, these associations have not been studied in infants, despite their unique risks. ...
Robb Michael P - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To acoustically evaluate the cries of SIDS infants and compare these cry features to a group of healthy term (HT) infants, as well as previously published results for SIDS infants. METHODS: Pain-induced crying episodes were collected from four infants during the first weeks of life that later died of ...
Lee Hyun Seung - - 2013
Purpose The objective was to identify the risk factors associated with nephrocalcinosis (NC) in preterm infants.Methods NC was diagnosed by renal sonography at 4 or 8 weeks of life, and 10 infants who had findings of type 3 or 4 NC were classified as the NC group. Various clinical and ...
Kelleher John J Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, - - 2013
Wiping of the mouth and nose at birth is an alternative method to oronasopharyngeal suction in delivery-room management of neonates, but whether these methods have equivalent effectiveness is unclear. For this randomised equivalency trial, neonates delivered at 35 weeks' gestation or later at the University of Alabama at Birmingham Hospital, ...
Fontanini C - - 2013
Aim: Atopic dermatitis is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by severe itching, skin dryness, blistering and remittent-relapse course. The critical feature is a skin barrier dysfunction that leads to epidermal inflammation and to bacterial superinfection. The aim of our study is to assess the usefulness of DermaSilk in reducing dermatitis ...
Bagnoli F - - 2013
Aim: The aim of the study is to establish whether healthy full-term breastfed infants require supplemental vitamin D for proper bone mineralization. Methods: Bone mineralization was studied by performing ultrasound scans of 73 healthy full-term subjects at the age of 3 months. The infants were divided into three groups. Group ...
Edraki Mitra - - 2013
Apnea is one of the most common problems in premature newborns. The present study aimed to determine the effect of olfactory stimulation by vanillin on prevention of apnea in premature newborns. In this randomized controlled trial, 36 premature newborns with the postnatal age of 2 days and weight under 2500 ...
Meadows John T JT - - 2013
A link between pulmonary Ureaplasma spp. colonization in premature infants and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) exists and could possibly contribute to systemic inflammation. A prospective cohort study was performed from July 2006 to July 2007 where very low birth weight (VLBW) premature infants were screened at birth. Serum and tracheal aspirate ...
Wankaew Nootwadee - - 2013
To evaluate the morbidities and mortality of neonates delivered by elective repeated cesarean section vs. normal vaginal delivery among women with uncomplicated term pregnancies. A retrospective descriptive study was done between January 2009 and December 2011 to determine the morbidities and mortality among uncomplicated term pregnancies at Srinagarind Hospital. Three ...
Osterman Michelle J K - - 2013
KEY FINDINGS After 12 years of consecutive increases, the preliminary cesarean delivery rate among singleton births was unchanged from 2009 to 2011 (31.3%). Cesarean delivery rates decreased more than 5% among births at 38 weeks of gestation, but increased 4% among births at 39 weeks. Decreases in cesarean delivery rates ...
le Roux Ingrid M IM Philani Maternal, Child Health and Nutrition Project, Cape Town, South - - 2013
To evaluate the effect of home visits by community health workers (CHWs) on maternal and infant well being from pregnancy through the first 6 months of life for women living with HIV (WLH) and all neighborhood mothers. In a cluster randomized controlled trial in Cape Town townships, neighborhoods were randomized ...
Sun Huiqing - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare the risk factors, clinical characteristics, and complications of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in infants delivered very preterm, late preterm, and term in order to help optimize the management of RDS in neonates. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on neonates admitted ...
Arboleya Silvia - - 2013
The microbial colonisation of the infant gut begins immediately after birth and is essential for the development of the intestine, the immune system and later well-being. Important differences have been reported in the characteristics of such microbiota in different infant population groups. In the present study, we employed an in ...
Demirel Gamze - - 2013
AIM: This study aims to compare the efficacy of orally administered Saccharomyces boulardii versus nystatin in prevention of fungal colonization and invasive fungal infections in very low birth weight infants. METHOD: A prospective, randomized comparative study was conducted in preterm infants with a gestational age of ≤32 weeks and birth weight ...
Luque Veronica - - 2013
Background:Animal models have shown that Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) may mediate protein-induced kidney growth. Our aim was to analyze the effect of IGF-I on protein-induced kidney growth in healthy infants.Methods:This is a secondary analysis of a randomized trial that compared growth of infants fed with a higher (HP) (n=169) versus ...
Page Jessica M - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To examine fetal/infant mortality by gestational age at term stratified by maternal age. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using 2005 US National birth certificate data. For each week of term gestation, risk of mortality associated with delivery was compared with composite mortality risk of expectant management. ...
Graca Andre M - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Very preterm infants are at particular risk of neurodevelopmental impairments. This risk can be anticipated when major lesions are seen on cerebral ultrasound (cUS). However, most preterm infants do not have such lesions yet many have a relatively poor outcome. Our study aims were to describe a ...
BobiƄski R - - 2013
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:The fatty acid (FA) composition of breast milk throughout the period of lactation is fairly well understood. What is not known, however, is the FA composition of breast milk at the interface of physiology and pathology of pregnancy. We therefore decided to analyse and compare the differences in the FA ...
Remy Eloïse - - 2013
Children's vegetable consumption is below the public health recommendations. This study aimed to compare learning mechanisms to increase vegetable acceptance in infants at complementary feeding, namely repeated exposure (RE), flavor-flavor learning (FFL), and flavor-nutrient learning (FNL); measure the stability of the learning effect; and examine the impact of infants' feeding ...
Badiee Zohreh - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To compare the effectiveness of maternal breast milk odor and formula milk odor in soothing premature infants undergoing heel lancing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty preterm infants born between 32 weeks and 37 weeks gestation were randomly assigned into two groups. During heel lancing, we used formula milk odor for ...
Elmas Ahmet Taner - - 2013
Abstract Background: The aim of this study is to determine the reference values of urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (uNGAL) in healthy very preterm infants. Methods: The study was performed on 30 preterm infants whose gestational ages (GA) were between 28-34 weeks. They were divided into three groups according to the ...
Khan Ashraful I AI International Maternal and Child Health, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden. - - 2013
Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for 6 months is recommended for optimal infant health, but the evidence for longer-term impacts is weak. We examined whether randomization to receive EBF counselling (BFC) in rural Bangladeshi women had an impact on childhood growth trajectories and body composition. In the Maternal and Infant Nutrition Interventions in ...
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