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Results 451 - 500 of 1776
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Savchev Stefan - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the 2-year neurodevelopmental outcome of full-term, small-for-gestational-age (SGA) newborns with normal placental function, according to current criteria based on umbilical artery Doppler. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cohort of consecutive full-term, SGA newborns with normal prenatal umbilical artery Doppler was compared with a group of full-term, appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) ...
Tunc Turan - - 2013
Infants born prematurely are prone to bronchopulmonary dysplasia which is a devastating form of chronic lung disease that develops in very low birth weight infants. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are pattern recognition receptors that initiate innate immune responses. We tested TLR2, 4, and 9 levels in the lungs of rat pups ...
Chawarska Katarzyna - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The ability to spontaneously attend to the social overtures and activities of others is essential for the development of social cognition and communication. This ability is critically impaired in toddlers with autism spectrum disorders (ASD); however, it is not clear if prodromal symptoms in this area are already present ...
Golder Vera - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The first days after preterm birth are a critical period of cardiovascular instability, where hypotension is common. We assessed autonomic cardiovascular function by measuring heart rate variability (HRV), blood pressure variability (BPV) and baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) and hypothesised that these would be impaired in preterm infants born at younger ...
Hough Judith L - - 2013
RATIONALE:: Positioning is considered vital to the maintenance of good lung ventilation by optimizing oxygen transport and gas exchange in ventilated premature infants. Previous studies suggest that the prone position is advantageous; however, no data exist on regional ventilation distribution for this age group. OBJECTIVES:: To investigate the effect of ...
Mazzucchelli Iolanda - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:: CD64 index and triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1 are biomarkers on neutrophil polymorphonuclear cells with crucial role in sepsis. The study aim is to assess diagnostic performance, individually and combined, of CD64 index and triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1 (surface marker/soluble form), in late-onset sepsis of preterm ...
Ceelie Ilse - - 2013
Continuous morphine infusion as standard postoperative analgesic therapy in young infants is associated with unwanted adverse effects such as respiratory depression. To determine whether intravenous paracetamol (acetaminophen) would significantly (>30%) reduce morphine requirements in neonates and infants after major surgery. Single-center, randomized, double-blind study conducted in a level 3 pediatric ...
Dalal Shamsher Singh - - 2013
AIM: To evaluate the feeding behavior and performance of preterm neonates receiving feeds by paladai (a small beaked receptacle) METHODS: We enrolled stable neonates - 10 each in 28 to 30 weeks [group I] and 31 to 32 weeks' gestation [group II], and offered them paladai feeds. We recorded the ...
Hsu Hui-Chin - - 2013
ABSTRACT The aim of the present study was to examine the contextual effects of social games on prelinguistic vocalizations. The two main goals were to (1) investigate the functions of vocalizations as symptoms of affective arousal and symbols of social understanding, and (2) explore form-function (de)coupling relations between vocalization types ...
Berardi Alberto - - 2013
BACKGROUND:There is insufficient population-based data on group B streptococcus (GBS) late-onset disease (LOD). Risk factors and routes of GBS transmission are poorly understood.METHODS:A prospective, cohort study was conducted to collect incidence data on LOD and evaluate GBS infections over an 8-year period (2003-2010). Starting from January 2007, maternal rectovaginal and ...
Kanagasabai Parimala Suganthini - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of Auditory, Tactile, Visual and Vestibular stimulus (ATVV) on neuromotor development in preterm infants. METHODS: Fifty preterm infants born at 28-36 wk with a birth weight ranging from 1,000-2,000 g were recruited for the study. They were block randomized into a control group (n = 25) and study group ...
Plaza-Zamora J - - 2013
Maternal milk is the first source of exogenous polyamines for the newborn. Polyamines modulate gut maturation in neonates, but no studies are available on polyamine concentration in human milk of preterm babies, even though they could be important for their immature gut. The present study aimed to determine polyamine concentration ...
Mee Jf - - 2013
The objective of the present study was to elicit opinion from two groups of veterinarians [subject matter experts and non-subject matter experts] about the causes of bovine perinatal mortality and the criteria used to assign such causes. The subject matter experts were selected on the basis of their scientific publications ...
Fan Ya-Chi YC Department of Pediatrics, Chung Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, - - 2013
This study aimed to develop an applicable oral training protocol and test its effects on vital sign stabilisation in premature infants. Oral training improves the feeding behaviour of premature infants. However, the inconsistencies of oral training procedures in previous studies obscure the interventional effect of oral training on vital sign ...
Dey Sanjoy Kumer - - 2013
Lack of breast feeding is associated with higher morbidity and case-fatality from both bacterial and viral etiologic diarrheas. However, there is very limited data on the characteristics of non-breastfed infants attending hospital with diarrheal illnesses caused by common bacterial and viral pathogens. Our objective was to assess the impact of ...
Cekmez F - - 2013
Mean platelet volume [MPV] is an important predictor for many diseases and larger platelets are more reactive and associated with shortened bleeding time. Although elevated MPV values are related to respiratory distress syndrome [RDS] in neonates, there are, to our knowledge, no data investigating the relationship between MPV and other ...
Bennett Cathy - - 2013
Infant massage is increasingly being used in the community with babies and their primary caregivers. Anecdotal reports suggest benefits for sleep, respiration and elimination, the reduction of colic and wind, and improved growth. Infant massage is also thought to reduce infant stress and promote positive parent-infant interaction. The aim of ...
Svensson Kristin E - - 2013
Infants with latch-on problems cause stress for parents and staff, often resulting in early termination of breastfeeding. Healthy newborns experiencing skin-to-skin contact at birth are pre-programmed to find the mother's breast. This study investigates if skin-to-skin contact between mothers with older infants having severe latching on problems would resolve the ...
de Haan Timo R - - 2013
To evaluate the long term neurodevelopmental outcome of premature infants exposed to either gram- negative sepsis (GNS) or neonatal Candida sepsis (NCS), and to compare their outcome with premature infants without sepsis. Historical cohort study in a population of infants born at <30 weeks gestation and admitted to the Neonatal ...
Pomat William S - - 2013
Approximately 826,000 children, mostly young infants, die annually from invasive pneumococcal disease. A 6-10-14-week schedule of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) is efficacious but neonatal PCV may provide earlier protection and better coverage. We conducted an open randomized controlled trial in Papua New Guinea to compare safety, immunogenicity and priming for ...
Räisänen Sari - - 2013
Preterm birth, defined as birth occurring before 37 weeks gestation, is one of the most significant contributors to neonatal mortality and morbidity, with long-term adverse consequences for health, and cognitive outcome. The aim of the present study was to identify risk factors of preterm birth (≤36+6 weeks gestation) among singleton ...
Lage Sergio - - 2013
Abstract The phosphocreatine/creatine system is fundamental for the proper development of the embryonic brain. Being born prematurely might alter the creatine biosynthesis pathway, in turn affecting creatine supply to the developing brain. We enrolled 53 preterm and very preterm infants and 55 full-term newborns. The levels of urinary guanidinoacetate, creatine, ...
Takc─▒ Sahin - - 2013
In severe and rapidly increasing jaundice, the use of intensive phototherapy provides greater effectiveness and a faster decrement in bilirubin levels compared to conventional phototherapy. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of two types of intensive phototherapy: intensive compact fluorescent tube (CFT) and intensive light-emitting diode ...
Bangyozova Maya - - 2013
Background: The optimal approach to detection of surfactant deficiency in the prematurely born infants at birth remains unclear and the decision to apply exogenous surfactant is based mainly on the development of clinical and radiological signs of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (NRDS). Objectives: We studied the biochemical and biophysical properties ...
Ali Rehan - - 2013
Neonatal pneumothoraces are associated with high mortality. Prompt recognition to minimize its complications is paramount for ultimate outcome of these babies. A retrospective case series study was carried out at Aga khan University Hospital, from January 2010 to December 2010 to determine the etiology and outcome of neonates with pneumothorax ...
Fujioka Kazumichi - - 2013
Twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) affects 15% of monochorionic diamniotic (MD) twin pregnancies, and is associated with adverse perinatal outcome. Recently, fetoscopic laser photocoagulation (FLP) has been widely accepted as the most definitive therapy to treat TTTS. N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is a powerful diagnostic marker of cardiac dysfunction in ...
Ozdemir Hulya - - 2013
Aim. To investigate obstetric features of pregnant women with thyroid disorders and thyroid function tests of their newborn infants. Methods. Women with hypothyroidism and having anti-thyroglobulin (ATG) and anti-thyroid peroxidase (anti-TPO) antibodies were assigned as group I, women with hypothyroidism who did not have autoantibodies were assigned as group II, ...
Wei Wei - - 2013
According to a biological market paradigm, trading decisions between partners will be influenced by the current 'exchange rate' of commodities (good and services), which is affected by supply and demand, and the trader's ability to outbid competitors. In several species of nonhuman primates, newborn infants are attractive to female group ...
Babu Thirunavukkarasu Arun - - 2013
To find the effect of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia on neurobehavior of term infants. This study was undertaken in the neonatal unit of our tertiary care hospital. Term neonates who developed jaundice with serum bilirubin value of above 15 mg/dl within 1(st) week of life were enrolled in the study. Peak total ...
Watson Julie - - 2013
Enteral feeding tubes for preterm infants may be placed in the stomach (gastric tube feeding) or in the upper small bowel (transpyloric tube feeding). There are potential advantages and disadvantages to both routes. To determine the effect of feeding via the transpyloric route versus feeding via the gastric route on ...
Young Lauren - - 2013
Preterm infants are usually growth restricted at hospital discharge. Feeding preterm infants after hospital discharge with multinutrient fortified breast milk rather than unfortified breast milk may facilitate more rapid catch-up growth and improve neurodevelopmental outcomes. To determine the effect of feeding preterm infants following hospital discharge with multinutrient fortified human ...
Fuchino Yutaka - - 2013
Medical advancements in neonatology have significantly increased the number of high-risk preterm survivors. However, recent long-term follow-up studies have suggested that preterm infants are at risk for behavioral, educational, and emotional problems. Although clear relationships have been demonstrated between preterm infants and developmental problems during childhood and adolescence, less is ...
Ambrosini Ettore - - 2013
The present study asks when infants are able to selectively anticipate the goals of observed actions, and how this ability relates to infants' own abilities to produce those specific actions. Using eye-tracking technology to measure on-line anticipation, 6-, 8- and 10-month-old infants and a control group of adults were tested ...
Sipos Lilla - - 2013
Several studies have reported that interactions of mothers with preterm infants show differential characteristics compared to that of mothers with full-term infants. Interaction of preterm dyads is often reported as less harmonious. However, observations and explanations concerning the underlying mechanisms are inconsistent. In this work 30 preterm and 42 full-term ...
Iranpour Ramin - - 2013
Human milk (HM) is the main food for infants, and phospholipids, especially long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs), play an essential role in the growth and brain development. This study was designed to evaluate the fatty acid composition in HM of mothers with preterm and full-term newborns and to determine ...
Badiee Zohreh - - 2013
This prospective study was performed to identify whether the early use of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (n CPAP) would reduce the rate of endotracheal intubation, mechanical ventilation and surfactant administration. This study was conducted from June 2009 to September 2010 in the Shahid Beheshti University Hospital, Isfahan-Iran. A total ...
Close Fran T - - 2013
Infant mortality is a key public health concern in the United States. Although infant mortality rates (IMRs) have declined, the rates among Blacks are more than twice those of other racial/ethnic groups. Some Florida counties have Black IMR more than four times the White IMR. The purpose of this study ...
Boroumandfar Khadijeh - - 2013
Vaccination is one of the most common painful procedures in infants. Despite the irreparable consequences and complications of acute pain in infants, and existence of pharmacological and non-pharmacological methods for pain control, pain control in infants has received less attention. Therefore, this research aimed to compare the vaccination-related pain in ...
Cornelissen Laura - - 2013
Cutaneous flexion reflexes are amongst the first behavioural responses to develop and are essential for the protection and survival of the newborn organism. Despite this, there has been no detailed, quantitative study of their maturation in human neonates. Here we use surface electromyographic (EMG) recording of biceps femoris activity in ...
Partanen Eino - - 2013
We investigated the neural correlates induced by prenatal exposure to melodies using brains' event-related potentials (ERPs). During the last trimester of pregnancy, the mothers in the learning group played the 'Twinkle twinkle little star' -melody 5 times per week. After birth and again at the age of 4 months, we ...
Dang Dan - - 2013
Oral ibuprofen has demonstrated good effects on symptomatic patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) but with many contraindications and potential side-effects. In the past two years, oral paracetamol administration to several preterm infants with PDA has been reported. Here, a randomized, non-blinded, parallel-controlled and non-inferiority trial was designed to evaluate the efficacy ...
van Vonderen Jeroen J - - 2013
To retrospectively investigate the changes of SpO2 and respiratory drive in preterm infants at birth after administration of 100% oxygen. Respiratory parameters, FiO2 and oximetry of infants <32 weeks gestation before and after receiving FiO2 1.0 were reviewed during continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) or positive pressure ventilation (PPV). Results ...
Lusyati S - - 2013
Cytokines might be helpful to diagnose late onset sepsis (LOS) in newborn infants. Many studies on cytokines did not discriminate culture-proven from clinically-suspected sepsis; however, such differentiation is clinically useful. To evaluate the feasibility to differentiate among culture-proven LOS, clinical LOS and controls using a battery of cytokines. This prospective ...
Salama H - - 2013
Transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN) is a self- limited increase in the work of breathing in near- and full-term infants; it is attributed to a delay in the clearance of alveolar fluids. Prophylactic antibiotics are usually administered until blood cultures are reported negative for 48 hours. To prospectively compare ...
Mitchell A J - - 2013
Kangaroo care (KC) has possible benefits for promoting physiological stability and positive developmental outcomes in preterm infants. The purpose of this study was to compare bradycardia and oxygen desaturation events in preterm infants in standard incubator care versus KC. Thirty-eight infants 27 to 30 weeks gestational age were randomly assigned ...
Liu Yang - - 2013
Rotavirus (RV) P[11] is an unique genotype that infects neonates. The mechanism of such age-specific host restriction remains unknown. In this study, we explored host mucosal glycans as a potential age-specific factor for attachment of P[11] RVs. Using in vitro binding assays, we demonstrated that VP8* of a P[11] RV ...
de Vries Nathalie K S NK Department of Paediatrics, Medical Centre Leeuwarden, Leeuwarden, The Netherlands. - - 2013
Use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) during pregnancy is common while the effect on the infant's neurological outcome is unknown. Our objective was to determine the effects of prenatal SSRI-exposure on the infants' neurological functioning, adjusted for maternal mental health. A prospective observational study from May 2007 to April ...
Haddad-Rodrigues Mariana M Ribeirão Preto School of Nursing, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, Rua José Lyra Filho, 110, apto 23A, 13309-340 Itu, SP, - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of acupuncture versus placebo acupuncture on anxiety in lactating mothers with preterm infants. A parallel, randomized, patient-assessor blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted in a tertiary school hospital in Londrina, Brazil, between 2011 and 2012. Mothers (n = 29) with very ...
Ju Rui-Hong RH Department of Ophthalmology, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510282, Guangdong Province, - - 2013
To evaluate the incidence of spontaneous regression of changes in the retina and vitreous in active stage of retinopathy of prematurity(ROP) and identify the possible relative factors during the regression. This was a retrospective, hospital-based study. The study consisted of 39 premature infants with mild ROP showed spontaneous regression (Group ...
Ng Sze M SM Department of Women's and Children's Health, Institute of Translational Medicine, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK. - - 2013
Babies born before 28 weeks' gestation have lower plasma thyroid hormone concentrations than more mature infants. This may contribute to their risk of poor developmental outcome. Previous studies have suggested that thyroxine supplementation for extremely preterm neonates may be beneficial. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect ...
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