Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1930
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >
Bhethanabhotla S S - - 2013
Objective:To evaluate the effect of supine position when compared with periodic change of position during phototherapy in late preterm and term neonates (35 to 42 weeks) with hyperbilirubinemia on the duration of phototherapy.Study Design:We randomly allocated enrolled neonates with hyperbilirubinemia to either no change in position (supine group (SG); n=54) ...
Gomez-Llorente Carolina - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:: There are many differences in the fecal infant microbiota associated with various feeding methods. The aim of this study was to examine the major differences in the fecal microbiota of breast-fed and formula-fed infants and to describe the principal bacterial components that would explain the variability in the predominant ...
Kew Simone - - 2013
Background:Infants are at risk of vitamin D insufficiency, owing to their limited exposure to direct sunlight and the low levels of vitamin D in breastmilk. While vitamin D insufficiency has been associated with cardio-metabolic risk factors in children, these associations have not been studied in infants, despite their unique risks. ...
Robb Michael P - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To acoustically evaluate the cries of SIDS infants and compare these cry features to a group of healthy term (HT) infants, as well as previously published results for SIDS infants. METHODS: Pain-induced crying episodes were collected from four infants during the first weeks of life that later died of ...
Lee Hyun Seung - - 2013
Purpose The objective was to identify the risk factors associated with nephrocalcinosis (NC) in preterm infants.Methods NC was diagnosed by renal sonography at 4 or 8 weeks of life, and 10 infants who had findings of type 3 or 4 NC were classified as the NC group. Various clinical and ...
Kelleher John J Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, - - 2013
Wiping of the mouth and nose at birth is an alternative method to oronasopharyngeal suction in delivery-room management of neonates, but whether these methods have equivalent effectiveness is unclear. For this randomised equivalency trial, neonates delivered at 35 weeks' gestation or later at the University of Alabama at Birmingham Hospital, ...
Fontanini C - - 2013
Aim: Atopic dermatitis is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by severe itching, skin dryness, blistering and remittent-relapse course. The critical feature is a skin barrier dysfunction that leads to epidermal inflammation and to bacterial superinfection. The aim of our study is to assess the usefulness of DermaSilk in reducing dermatitis ...
Bagnoli F - - 2013
Aim: The aim of the study is to establish whether healthy full-term breastfed infants require supplemental vitamin D for proper bone mineralization. Methods: Bone mineralization was studied by performing ultrasound scans of 73 healthy full-term subjects at the age of 3 months. The infants were divided into three groups. Group ...
Edraki Mitra - - 2013
Apnea is one of the most common problems in premature newborns. The present study aimed to determine the effect of olfactory stimulation by vanillin on prevention of apnea in premature newborns. In this randomized controlled trial, 36 premature newborns with the postnatal age of 2 days and weight under 2500 ...
Meadows John T JT - - 2013
A link between pulmonary Ureaplasma spp. colonization in premature infants and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) exists and could possibly contribute to systemic inflammation. A prospective cohort study was performed from July 2006 to July 2007 where very low birth weight (VLBW) premature infants were screened at birth. Serum and tracheal aspirate ...
Wankaew Nootwadee - - 2013
To evaluate the morbidities and mortality of neonates delivered by elective repeated cesarean section vs. normal vaginal delivery among women with uncomplicated term pregnancies. A retrospective descriptive study was done between January 2009 and December 2011 to determine the morbidities and mortality among uncomplicated term pregnancies at Srinagarind Hospital. Three ...
Osterman Michelle J K - - 2013
KEY FINDINGS After 12 years of consecutive increases, the preliminary cesarean delivery rate among singleton births was unchanged from 2009 to 2011 (31.3%). Cesarean delivery rates decreased more than 5% among births at 38 weeks of gestation, but increased 4% among births at 39 weeks. Decreases in cesarean delivery rates ...
le Roux Ingrid M IM Philani Maternal, Child Health and Nutrition Project, Cape Town, South - - 2013
To evaluate the effect of home visits by community health workers (CHWs) on maternal and infant well being from pregnancy through the first 6 months of life for women living with HIV (WLH) and all neighborhood mothers. In a cluster randomized controlled trial in Cape Town townships, neighborhoods were randomized ...
Sun Huiqing - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare the risk factors, clinical characteristics, and complications of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in infants delivered very preterm, late preterm, and term in order to help optimize the management of RDS in neonates. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on neonates admitted ...
Arboleya Silvia - - 2013
The microbial colonisation of the infant gut begins immediately after birth and is essential for the development of the intestine, the immune system and later well-being. Important differences have been reported in the characteristics of such microbiota in different infant population groups. In the present study, we employed an in ...
Demirel Gamze - - 2013
AIM: This study aims to compare the efficacy of orally administered Saccharomyces boulardii versus nystatin in prevention of fungal colonization and invasive fungal infections in very low birth weight infants. METHOD: A prospective, randomized comparative study was conducted in preterm infants with a gestational age of ≤32 weeks and birth weight ...
Luque Veronica - - 2013
Background:Animal models have shown that Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) may mediate protein-induced kidney growth. Our aim was to analyze the effect of IGF-I on protein-induced kidney growth in healthy infants.Methods:This is a secondary analysis of a randomized trial that compared growth of infants fed with a higher (HP) (n=169) versus ...
Page Jessica M - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To examine fetal/infant mortality by gestational age at term stratified by maternal age. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using 2005 US National birth certificate data. For each week of term gestation, risk of mortality associated with delivery was compared with composite mortality risk of expectant management. ...
Graca Andre M - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Very preterm infants are at particular risk of neurodevelopmental impairments. This risk can be anticipated when major lesions are seen on cerebral ultrasound (cUS). However, most preterm infants do not have such lesions yet many have a relatively poor outcome. Our study aims were to describe a ...
BobiƄski R - - 2013
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:The fatty acid (FA) composition of breast milk throughout the period of lactation is fairly well understood. What is not known, however, is the FA composition of breast milk at the interface of physiology and pathology of pregnancy. We therefore decided to analyse and compare the differences in the FA ...
Remy Eloïse - - 2013
Children's vegetable consumption is below the public health recommendations. This study aimed to compare learning mechanisms to increase vegetable acceptance in infants at complementary feeding, namely repeated exposure (RE), flavor-flavor learning (FFL), and flavor-nutrient learning (FNL); measure the stability of the learning effect; and examine the impact of infants' feeding ...
Badiee Zohreh - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To compare the effectiveness of maternal breast milk odor and formula milk odor in soothing premature infants undergoing heel lancing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty preterm infants born between 32 weeks and 37 weeks gestation were randomly assigned into two groups. During heel lancing, we used formula milk odor for ...
Elmas Ahmet Taner - - 2013
Abstract Background: The aim of this study is to determine the reference values of urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (uNGAL) in healthy very preterm infants. Methods: The study was performed on 30 preterm infants whose gestational ages (GA) were between 28-34 weeks. They were divided into three groups according to the ...
Khan Ashraful I AI International Maternal and Child Health, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden. - - 2013
Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for 6 months is recommended for optimal infant health, but the evidence for longer-term impacts is weak. We examined whether randomization to receive EBF counselling (BFC) in rural Bangladeshi women had an impact on childhood growth trajectories and body composition. In the Maternal and Infant Nutrition Interventions in ...
Prost Audrey A Institute for Global Health, University College London, London, UK. - - 2013
Maternal and neonatal mortality rates remain high in many low-income and middle-income countries. Different approaches for the improvement of birth outcomes have been used in community-based interventions, with heterogeneous effects on survival. We assessed the effects of women's groups practising participatory learning and action, compared with usual care, on birth ...
Ito Jun - - 2013
Background:One qualitative study has reported that more paternal infant care and housework contributed to the maintenance of breastfeeding. However, few studies have quantitatively investigated these relationships.Objective:This study aimed to examine the association of paternal involvement in infant care and housework with exclusive breastfeeding during the first 6 months of life.Methods:Data ...
Narayanan Manjith M Department of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom. - - 2013
Histologic data from fatal cases suggest that extreme prematurity results in persisting alveolar damage. However, there is new evidence that human alveolarization might continue throughout childhood and could contribute to alveolar repair. To examine whether alveolar damage in extreme-preterm survivors persists into late childhood, we compared alveolar dimensions between schoolchildren ...
Ericson Jenny - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Although breast milk has numerous benefits for infants' development, with greater effects in those born preterm (at < 37 gestational weeks), mothers of preterm infants have shorter breastfeeding duration than mothers of term infants. One of the explanations proposed is the difficulties in the transition from a Neonatal Intensive ...
Alipour Zahra - - 2013
Despite persuasive theories about the beneficial effects of music and singing in developmental care for premature infants, few small studies are available in this regard. We conducted this study to investigate the physiological and behavioral responses of premature infants to recorded lullaby music and silence. In a randomized controlled trial, ...
Gerull Roland - - 2013
AIM: To compare the influence of three different non-pharmacologic interventions on cortical activation, heart rate and peripheral oxygen saturation (SaO2 ) after heelstick in preterm infants. METHODS: 25 preterm infants between 24 0/7 and 32 0/7 weeks of gestational age were randomized to either oral sucrose (S), facilitated tucking (FT) ...
Goudjil Sabrina - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Hemodynamic disorders in patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) may alter the stimulation of the autonomic nervous system. AIM: The objective of this study was to analyze the orthosympathetic-parasympathetic balance in preterm infants with PDA. STUDY DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: Patients were included from consecutive admissions to Amiens University Hospital from 2009 ...
Chan Hsien - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:Timolol maleate 0.5% gel is a safe and effective medication for treating superficial infantile hemangiomas (IHs) in infants with a median age of 9 weeks.METHODS:Forty-one infants who had superficial IHs without ulceration and not near mucosal surfaces were recruited and randomly assigned to placebo and treatment (timolol maleate 0.5% gel) ...
Panda Shasanka S - - 2013
We conducted this study to assess the value of presence of hernia sac in prediction of postoperative outcome in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Data were obtained form medical records of 70 children operated for CDH between 2002-12. Postoperative neonatal death occurred in 1/10 (10%) of infants with a hernia sac ...
- - 2013
The clinically appropriate range for oxygen saturation in preterm infants is unknown. Previous studies have shown that infants had reduced rates of retinopathy of prematurity when lower targets of oxygen saturation were used. In three international randomized, controlled trials, we evaluated the effects of targeting an oxygen saturation of 85 ...
Jiang Yiyan - - 2013
To investigate the clinic effectiveness, safety and feasibility of Narcotrend® monitor for evaluation of depth of anesthesia in congenital heart disease (CHD) infants undergoing cardiac surgery. A total of 80 infants receiving general anesthesia in selective surgery were randomly selected. Infants were assigned into two groups (n=40 per group). In ...
Gallo Sina - - 2013
Vitamin D supplementation in infancy is required to support healthy bone mineral accretion. A supplement of 400 IU of vitamin D per day is thought to support plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) concentrations between 40 and 50 nmol/L; some advocate 75 to 150 nmol/L for bone health. To investigate the efficacy ...
Jiang Yiyan Y MD, Cardiovascular Institution of Jinan Military General Hospital, Jinan, China. Electronic address: - - 2013
To investigate the clinic effectiveness, safety and feasibility of Narcotrend® monitor for evaluation of depth of anesthesia in congenital heart disease (CHD) infants undergoing cardiac surgery. A total of 80 infants receiving general anesthesia in selective surgery were randomly selected. Infants were assigned into two groups (n = 40 per ...
Neu Madalynn M University of Colorado College of Nursing, Aurora, CO, USA. - - 2013
The purpose of this randomized, controlled trial was to determine if nurse-supported kangaroo holding of healthy preterm infants in the first 8 weeks of the infant's life facilitates early behavioral organization and development. We randomized 87 infants born between 32 and 35 weeks gestation and their mothers to one of ...
Holman Shaina Devi SD Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA. - - 2013
Infant mammalian feeding consists of rhythmic suck cycles and reflexive pharyngeal swallows. Although we know how oropharyngeal sensation influences the initiation and frequency of suck and swallow cycles, the role of palatal sensation is unknown. We implanted EMG electrodes into the mylohyoid muscle, a muscle active during suckling, and the ...
Imai Makiko - - 2013
Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) imaging studies have revealed the functional development of the human brain in early infancy. By measuring spontaneous fluctuations in cerebral blood oxygenation with NIRS, we can examine the developmental status of the functional connectivity of networks in the cortex. However, it has not been clarified whether premature ...
Welzing Lars - - 2013
Background: Short-acting opioids like remifentanil are suspected of an increased risk for tolerance, withdrawal and opioid-induced hyperalgesia (OIH). These potential adverse effects have never been investigated in neonates. Objectives: To compare remifentanil and fentanyl concerning the incidence of tolerance, withdrawal and OIH. Methods: 23 mechanically ventilated infants received up to ...
Cerritelli Francesco - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The use of osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) in preterm infants has been documented and results from previous studies suggest the association between OMT and length of stay (LOS) reduction, as well as significant improvements in several clinical outcomes. The aim of the present study is to investigate the effect ...
Blais Lucie - - 2013
PURPOSE: To assess the validity of the diagnostic codes of congenital malformations (CMs) recorded in two of Québec's administrative databases. METHODS: A cohort of pregnancies and infants born to asthmatic and non-asthmatic women in 1990-2002 was reconstructed using Québec's administrative databases. From this cohort, we selected 269 infants with a ...
Arslan Derya - - 2013
Abstract Objective The aim of this study was to examine the whether (Asymmetric dimethylarginine) ADMA concentrations are associated with ventricular function in the infant of mothers with gestational diabetes. Methods Twenty-five term newborns of mothers with gestational diabetes and term newborns as the control group (n=25) with normal general health ...
Bevilacqua Francesca - - 2013
Objective To describe short-term neurodevelopmental outcome of infants operated on for congenital anomalies (CA) and assess the impact of type of CA on the outcome.Study Design From 2008 to 2010 newborns operated on for CA were enrolled in a cross-sectional follow-up study including three distinct groups: infants of 6 months ...
Mine Kenji - - 2013
AIM: Hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (hsPDA) is frequently observed in premature infants. This study was conducted to explore whether the blood BNP can be a valuable biomarker to assess the necessity of treatment for hsPDA in premature infants. METHODS: Serial measurements of the blood BNP were performed during the ...
Salonen Anne H - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: this study evaluates how an internet-based intervention affects mothers' parenting satisfaction, infant centrality and depressive symptoms. DESIGN: a quasi-experimental design and repeated measures were used. SETTINGS: this study was conducted in two Finnish public maternity hospitals (intervention/control). PARTICIPANTS: a convenience sample (N=1300) of primiparous and multiparous Finnish-speaking mothers were ...
Schwartzman David - - 2013
AIMS: To examine morphology and mechanical properties of the atrial 'intima', which we defined as the tissue interposed between atrial endocardium and myocardium, in patients without known cardiovascular disease.METHODS AND RESULTS: Post-mortem right and left atrial tissue was obtained from male infants (<1 year, n = 4), children (10-19 years, ...
Kotecha Sarah J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence suggests that preterm birth affects later lung function. We systematically reviewed the literature to determine whether percentage predicted forced expiratory volume in 1 s (%FEV1) is lower in later life in preterm-born subjects, with or without bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), compared with term-born controls. METHODS: Studies reporting %FEV1, ...
Murthy Krishna R - - 2013
PURPOSE: To identify and compare the profile of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in premature babies in urban and semiurban neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). METHODS: A prospective study of babies admitted to NICUs of two urban and seven semiurban centres. They were <36 weeks of gestational age and were subjected ...
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >