Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1164
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Herr Sandra - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Retinal hemorrhages (RHs) are 1 manifestation of child abuse, and although they often are considered to be diagnostic of abuse in a young child, there are other potential causes. RHs have been described in association with valsalva maneuver, such as forceful vomiting or coughing. Our aim was to describe ...
Raghavan U - - 2004
Neonates and infants are obligate nasal breathers and nasal obstruction in this age group can be a life threatening emergency. Even though the commonest cause for nasal obstruction is nasal oedema, bony stenosis of the posterior choanae or pyriform aperture is quite common and may be seen on CT scans. ...
Riccabona Marcus - - 2004
The incidence of asymptomatic hydronephrosis in newborns is high. Despite extensive clinical and scientific research much controversy still exists about the assessment and management of hydronephrosis during infancy. Postnatal management demands a detailed prenatal history. Initial workup in newborns with unilateral hydronephrosis starts with a physical examination and sonography of ...
Vandenplas Yvan - - 2004
Acid reflux and/or oesophagitis may be responsible for inconsolable crying in infants. We evaluated prospectively the presence of acid reflux disease, oesophagitis and the accuracy of pH monitoring in the prediction of oesophagitis in a population of irritable infants. A 24-h oesophageal pH monitoring with a glass electrode and an ...
Mbanaso, AU; ;
The earliest recorded case of infantile pyloric stenosis may be that described in 1627 by Hildanus. The first decription of the characteristic clinical and post-mortem findings of the disease as we know it was by Patrick Blair, a Scot surgeon and botanist, who presented his case to the Royal Society ...
Button B M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Postural drainage chest physiotherapy in infants with cystic fibrosis (CF) exacerbates gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) and may contribute to a more rapid deterioration in lung function. AIMS: To compare standard postural drainage chest physiotherapy (SPT) and a modified physiotherapy regimen (MPT) without head-down tilt, with regard to GOR, arousal state, ...
Yao Chih-Ta - - 2004
The severity of airway obstruction varies in infants with Pierre-Robin syndrome (PRS). Some have severe upper airway obstruction that results in respiratory failure and even death. We report a case of neonate with isolated PRS who had a severe airway obstruction and respiratory failure after birth. She had complications of ...
Aggarwal Sandeep - - 2004
A 25-point infant gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) score based on 11 signs and symptoms of gastrooesophageal reflux (GER), to diagnose GERD has been suggested in infant. We carried out this study to test the reproducibility and validity of this scoring system in the cross-cultural settings of Indian infants. Caretakers of ...
Dinwiddie Robert - - 2004
Most causes of upper airway obstruction are rare in the neonatal period and during infancy. They may, however, cause major respiratory problems either initially or during the first few weeks of life. It is important to recognise these problems at an early stage so that appropriate measures to overcome airway ...
Yu Kang - - 2004
Intestinal trefoil factor (TFF3/ITF), a member of trefoil factor family (TFF) domain peptides, is normally expressed by goblet cells and secreted into the lumen of the intestinal tract, and plays an important role in the maintenance and repair of the intestinal mucosal barrier. Significant amounts of TFF3/ITF are present in ...
Berkenbosch John W - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To describe our experience with ketamine sedation during infant flexible fiberoptic bronchoscopy. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. Infants were sedated with midazolam and ketamine with or without fentanyl. The sedation regimen, final procedure performed, procedure duration, and complications were recorded. Complication rates between infants <or= 6 months or > 6 ...
Kapadia H - - 2004
AIM: To describe the occurrence of foetal renal pelvis dilatation in an unselected population of pregnancies and to describe the clinical course in a subgroup of infants with minor renal pelvis dilatation (RPD). METHODS: During 1996-1999 the foetuses of 17850 consecutive pregnant women were scanned with ultrasonography (USG) in the ...
Tutuian R - - 2004
The effect of closely spaced swallows to decrease peristalsis ('deglutitive inhibition') is believed to be due to both central inhibitory impulses and smooth muscle refractoriness. Ten volunteers (three females, age 26-65) were given both four pairs and two series of four swallows at 5-, 10-, 15-s intervals and control swallows ...
Podesta Miguel L - - 2004
PURPOSE: We investigated bladder function on videourodynamic studies in infants with severe primary vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) and analyzed the relationship between VUR and intravesical detrusor pressure during the micturition cycle. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 1999 to 2001, 3 female and 9 male infants with a median age of 9 months ...
Arguin Amy Lynn - - 2004
This clinical paper discusses the role of the pediatric nurse in the evaluation and management of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) in infants. During an infant's first year of life, GER is a common occurrence and concern of families. The infant with uncomplicated GER may be managed conservatively with feeding schedule modifications, ...
Ku J H - - 2004
A case is reported of anuria and urinary ascites secondary to bilateral ureteropelvic obstruction by fungal balls. Management consisted of bilateral nephrostomy drainage with local irrigation with amphotericin B, and systemic antifungal treatment without surgery. Aspiration by paracentesis was performed for the urinary ascites and continuous drainage through an 8 ...
Banerjee Bhaskar - - 2004
There is a significant need for noninvasive methods of evaluating dysplastic and neoplastic lesions in the luminal gastrointestinal tract. We have optimized an approach based on autofluorescence to study dysplastic adenomatous polyps in Apc(min/+) mice. We made recordings from both normal intestinal mucosa and from polyps using a xenon lamp-based ...
Yalaz Muslime - - 2004
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of the Ritleng lacrimal intubation system in the treatment of congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction. METHODS: Twenty-six patients (29 eyes) with congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction, who ranged in age from 2 to 12 years (mean, 4.85 +/- 2.9 years), underwent silicone intubation with the Ritleng lacrimal ...
Hofmann Rainer - - 2004
PURPOSE: Fetal urinary obstructive uropathy and consecutive oligohydramnios result in a poor outcome. Usually renal insufficiency and life threatening lung hypoplasia have developed at term. We report a case of in utero fetal cystoscopy and successful placement of a transurethral vesico-amniotic Double-J (Medical Engineering Corp., New York, New York) stent. ...
Beetz Rolf - - 2004
Perirenal extravasation of urine is a rare event in congenital uropathies, mostly observed perinatally in the case of infravesical obstruction. We describe a male infant with a primary non-refluxing obstructive left megaureter who developed an acute perirenal extravasation and ascites at the age of 4 weeks. After temporary upper urinary ...
Acton Christine - - 2003
In this 5-year review of 778 neonatal renal scans seen in an obstetric hospital, Mercy Hospital for Women, Melbourne, most infants were referred because of antenatal ultrasound findings. Ninety-two percent of these had fetal pyelectasis. The results were classified on the ultrasound findings. The majority of neonates (76%) had a ...
Chen Yun - - 2003
Primary volvulus of the small intestine is rare in neonates. We report a case of primary volvulus of the ileum in a preterm newborn. Vomiting and abdominal distension began 10 hours after birth, followed by hypovolemia, hyponatremia, and acidosis. Plain abdominal radiograph revealed a pattern of diffuse ileus and very ...
de Haan T R - - 2003
Isolated submandibular suppurative sialadenitis is extremely rare in newborn infants and is associated with prematurity and prolonged gavage feeding. This report describes a premature infant who developed a life-threatening airway obstruction due to suppurative submandibular sialadenitis. The diagnosis was made on clinical grounds and confirmed by ultrasonography. Staphylococcus aureus was ...
Acton Christine - - 2003
In this 5-year review of 778 neonatal renal scans seen in an Obstetric Hospital, most infants were referred because of antenatal ultrasound findings, 92% with fetal pyelectasis. The results were classified according to the ultrasound findings. The majority of neonates (76%) had a normal postnatal scan. A number had vesicoureteric ...
Barnes N - - 2003
AIM: The benefit of anti-reflux surgery for gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) in early infancy is uncertain. The aim of this study was to assess the value of Nissen fundoplication in a group of infants with severe GOR. METHODS: 10 infants underwent Nissen fundoplication for gastro-oesophageal reflux following a failure of medical ...
Rennick G J - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To study in a non-tertiary centre the prevalence and grade of vesicoureteric reflux detected postnatally in infants already identified antenatally with isolated minimal renal pelvic dilatation. METHODS: Retrospective review over the years 1998-2000 inclusive of a central computerized database in the single paediatric practice within Albury Wodonga. RESULTS: Ninety-three ...
Peter Corinna S - - 2004
The multiple intraluminal impedance (MII) technique is a new method that allows pH-independent gastroesophageal reflux detection via changes in impedance caused by a liquid bolus inside the esophagus. We wanted to know whether this technique yields objective and reproducible results. Twenty 3- to 6-hour recordings of MII from 19 preterm ...
Boyle John T - - 2003
All infants, including premature infants as young as 24 weeks' gestational age, are able to maintain an intragastric pH below 4 from the first day of life. By 24 weeks, maximal acid output approaches that in adults. In adult studies, proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are highly effective in relieving reflux ...
Spitz L - - 2003
Gastroesophageal reflux is common in infants and generally resolves spontaneously within the first year of life as the lower esophageal sphincter mechanism matures. The reflux is only considered a "disease" (GERD) when it becomes symptomatic or causes pathological consequences. GERD is commonly associated with esophageal atresia and there is a ...
Hajivassiliou C A - - 2003
Intestinal obstruction in the newborn infant and older child may be due to a variety of conditions, including atresia and stenosis, annular pancreas, malrotation, duplication cyst, meconium ileus, meconium plug syndrome and neonatal small left colon syndrome, Hirschsprung's disease, neoplasia, trauma, and other rarer causes. The mode of presentation can ...
Davidson Geoffrey - - 2003
Transient relaxations of the lower esophageal sphincter (tLESRs), but not delayed gastric emptying, are major mechanisms of gastroesophageal reflux in premature infants. These findings are similar to those seen in older children and adults with gastroesophageal reflux disease. Newer antireflux therapies should be developed that target the reduction of gastric ...
Sangkhathat Surasak - - 2003
Although infestation with Ascaris lumbricoides causes various intestinal complications, massive gastrointestinal bleeding is rare. The authors report on 2 infants who presented with massive hematemesis. In the first patient, a gastroduodenoscopy was performed. Roundworms were found adhering to an oozing duodenal ulcer. Duodenal perforation occurred after extraction of the parasites. ...
Omari T I - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The diagnostic use of 24 hour oesophageal pH monitoring in infants is controversial because of the impact of feed buffering of gastric acidity. AIM: To re-evaluate the effect of feeding on gastric pH and reflux using multipoint pH measurements. SUBJECTS: Fifteen healthy premature infants fed every four hours. METHODS: ...
de Sousa Telma Vidotto - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To correlate nasopharyngoscopic findings with clinical manifestations during the first month of life and study the course of respiratory obstruction during the first year in infants with Robin sequence (RS). DESIGN: A longitudinal prospective study of children with RS. SETTING: Hospital de Reabilitação de Anomalias Craniofaciais, University of São ...
Okada Kazuko - - 2003
BACKGROUND: There are various identifiable diseases or conditions that can be associated with an apparent life-threatening event (ALTE) in infancy. The present study was carried out to investigate the etiology of ALTE based on the discharge diagnoses. METHODS: A protocol for the complete work-up used to examine the cause of ...
Luo Chih-Cheng - - 2003
A 4-month-old infant was diagnosed with esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula. He was admitted to our hospital because of progressive poor findings and repeated aspiration pneumonia after surgical repair. An esophagogram demonstrated severe esophageal stricture. Flexible endoscopic dilatation was performed under general anesthesia, but sudden onset respiratory distress and progressive ...
White J S - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Ramstedt's pyloromyotomy has long been the standard operation for the treatment of infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis. Controversy exists over whether this procedure can be performed safely in the district general hospital setting or whether it should be restricted to specialist pediatric units only. METHODS: Retrospective analysis was performed on ...
Lange Aksel - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal symptoms have been reported in association with myoelectrical dysrhythmia, where different types of gastric electrical activity have been described. These types of gastric myoelectrical activity and dysrhythmia can be measured by electrogastrography using cutaneous electrodes. Epigastric impedance is a non-invasive method used to study gastric emptying time and ...
Tolia Vasundhara - - 2003
We conducted a retrospective review of 342 infants presenting with symptoms suggestive of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) to assess their evaluation, management, and outcome. All infants underwent extended pH monitoring (EPM) for one or more of the following symptoms: regurgitation, choking, irritability, failure to thrive, apparent life-threatening event, or wheezing. ...
Jadcherla Sudarshan R - - 2003
In adults, esophageal motor responses facilitate forward, or aboral, transit during swallowing, and protect the aerodigestive tract during retrograde movement of the bolus, which may occur with gastroesophageal reflux. It is unclear in the pediatric literature whether the activation of appropriate esophageal motor defense responses occurs during these events in ...
Zárate N - - 2003
Delayed gastric emptying can be due to muscular, neural, or humoral abnormalities. In the absence of an identified cause, gastroparesis is labelled as idiopathic. We present the case of a patient with severe idiopathic gastroparesis. Pharmacological approaches failed, as well as reduction in gastric emptying resistance with pyloric injection of ...
Soutter Alexander D - - 2003
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Laparoscopy has kindled an interest in minimally invasive surgery in infants. To combine improved cosmesis with the advantages of open exposure, we adopted the transumbilical approach for laparotomy in babies up to 26 months of age. METHODS: Only hemodynamically stable babies were considered candidates. The umbilicus was incised nearly ...
Shikowitz Mark J - - 2003
Congenital nasal pyriform aperture stenosis is a rare and an unusual cause of airway obstruction in infants. It has been described as a clinical entity only since 1989. Presenting symptoms in infants include cyclical cyanosis, feeding difficulty or sudden total obstruction. Embryologically, an overgrowth of maxillary ossification at the area ...
Lu Lei - - 2003
Diarrhea in infants and children is a major health hazard worldwide. Certain toxigenic diarrheas occur more commonly and are manifested more severely during the neonatal period. We have previously studied the regulation of cholera toxin-induced secretion in animal models during development. In those studies we have shown that cholera toxin ...
Al-Qahtani Aayed R - - 2003
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The treatment of long gap esophageal atresia remains a major surgical challenge. Whereas many approaches have been used for this problem, none are ideal. The authors used a technique originally described by Dr John E. Foker and accomplished early repair in 3 infants with long gap atresia. METHODS: Three ...
Das Kanishka - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The advent of routine maternal ultrasound has increased the number of neonates diagnosed to have ureteropelvic junction obstruction. Though the debate concerning its ideal management continues, recent years have witnessed reports on pyeloplasty in infancy. This study presents the feasibility and outcome of pyeloplasty in neonates and infants from ...
Orenstein S R - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Gastro-oesophageal reflux afflicts up to 7% of all infants. Histamine-2 receptor antagonists are the most commonly prescribed medications for this disorder, but few controlled studies support this practice. AIM: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of famotidine for infant gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. METHODS: Thirty-five infants, 1.3-10.5 months of age, ...
Lin Jing - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Trefoil factor 3 (TFF3) or intestinal trefoil factor (ITF), a peptide normally expressed and secreted by goblet cells at the mucosal surface of the small intestine and colon, is important for the maintenance and repair of the intestinal mucosal barrier. AIM: To study the ontogeny and developmental expression of ...
Heinen Fernando L - - 2003
An 18-month-old infant with Down's syndrome presented with a symptomatic esophageal diverticulum (ED) located at the cervical esophagus. He had been operated on successfully for an esophageal atresia and distal tracheoesophageal fistula in the newborn period. Neither surgical maneuvers nor esophageal trauma could explain the ED, which was resected through ...
Aksglaede K - - 2003
PURPOSE: To correlate gastro-esophageal reflux (GER) demonstrated on radiography, with reflux determined on 24-h pH monitoring among infants of less than 1 year of age. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-one infants with suspected GER were examined. In the supine position the infants drank 20-60 ml of barium contrast, and the presence ...
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