Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1205
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Walor David - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) has been used since 1975 as the initial treatment for respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in very premature infants. Gaseous distention of the abdomen (CPAP belly) is a common secondary effect of CPAP. Gaseous distention of the hypopharynx is also common. OBJECTIVE: To determine ...
Van Citters Gregg W - - 2005
Similar to that of all mammals, the human gastrointestinal tract is colonized by 100 trillion bacteria shortly after birth. Remarkably, in the open-tube arrangement of the intestine, this bacterial population is tightly compartmentalized to the distal gut. Contamination of the small intestine with colonic bacterial flora or small intestinal bacterial ...
Wagner Wolfgang - - 2005
OBJECT: The cause of failed endoscopic third vetriculostomy (ETV) surgery in the treatment of hydrocephalus may be a poor absorption of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) or a new or continuing obstruction of CSF pathways. Particularly in infants, ETV failures often are ascribed to a still poorly developed CSF absorptive capacity. METHODS: ...
Ismaili Khalid - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To determine if two successive ultrasound examinations could rule out the presence of clinically significant contralateral anomalies in neonates with multicystic dysplastic kidney (MCDK), thereby avoiding unnecessary voiding cystourethrography (VCUG). STUDY DESIGN: We followed 76 newborn infants with antenatally discovered MCDK. Two successive neonatal renal ultrasound examinations were performed, ...
Nasr Ahmed - - 2005
AIM OF STUDY: Infants with repaired esophageal atresia and distal tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TEF) are at risk for severe respiratory distress, which is related to tracheomalacia (TM), gastroesophageal reflux, or both. This usually mandates an operation for TM and/or a fundoplication procedure (FP). METHODS: We retrospectively performed a 26-year review of ...
Ro Pamela S - - 2005
Superior vena cava (SVC) obstruction is a rare entity in the pediatric population. It usually presents in association with either previous cardiac surgery or external compression from a neoplasm. We present the case of an infant born with congenital SVC obstruction and significant bilateral chylothorax and anasarca necessitating mechanical ventilation. ...
Del Buono R - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Gaviscon Infant (GI) has been recommended for gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) in infants. Its efficacy has not been examined with a physiologically appropriate denominator to define the degree of GOR. AIM: To investigate the influence of Gaviscon Infant on GOR in infants using combined pH and intraluminal impedance measurement. METHODS: ...
Gardikis Stefanos - - 2005
Here we present the first reported case of an ingested open safety-pin in a 7-mo-old boy that migrated from the stomach to the oesophagus. This rare complication is probably due to a gastro-oesophageal reflux effect, and for this reason we propose that all infants with safety-pins and other sharp objects ...
Katzir Ze'ev - - 2005
Extra-renal pelvis (ERpel) is a common ultrasonographic finding among neonates who have undergone recurrent ultrasound examinations for a better definition of prenatal renal pelvic dilatation. This study tries to determine whether or not ERpel has important prognostic implications. Seventy-nine neonates (17 female) were examined. All had a diagnosis of prenatal ...
Cohen-Overbeek T E - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To establish guidelines for postnatal referral of fetuses presenting with mild pyelectasis in the second trimester of pregnancy. METHODS: In a retrospective study, 87 fetuses with a renal pelvis anteroposterior (RPAP) diameter of > or = 4 mm and < or = 10 mm before 28 weeks of gestation ...
Davis Dereck - - 2005
This report describes an infant with vomiting and significant weight loss attributable to cricopharyngeal achalasia, a rare finding in children. The infant responded to balloon dilation of the upper esophageal sphincter, with resolution of symptoms and return to presymptomatic growth parameters. A brief description of the clinical features, diagnostic evaluation, ...
Nielsen Rasmus Gaardskaer - - 2005
Deglutition disorders in infancy are often associated with birth asphyxia or structural abnormalities in the hypopharynx, the trachea, or the esophagus. Manometry can be crucial for clarifying the dynamics of the swallowing disorder in the infant with deglutition problems and without signs of these causes. An 8-week-old infant was referred ...
McPherson Vanessa - - 2005
The literature on pediatric reflux can be divided into studies addressing clinically apparent reflux (vomiting or regurgitation) and reflux as measured by pH probe or other methods. Sodium alginate reduces vomiting and improves parents' assessment of symptoms (strength of recommendation [SOR]: B, small randomized controlled trial [RCT]). Formula thickened with ...
Alberti Daniele - - 2005
Two infants affected by intestinal vascular anomalies causing lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage are reported. Upper and lower gastrointestinal tract endoscopy and radionuclide scan were negative. The authors found laparoscopic exploration very useful in detecting the cause and the site of bleeding. Because the usual investigations for gastrointestinal bleeding have been proven ...
Barbosa Lourdes - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the noninvasive 13C-acetate breath test (13C-ABT) as a reliable and reproducible method to evaluate gastric emptying in infants METHODS: Gastric emptying was measured simultaneously by scintigraphy and 13C-ABT in 11 infants with clinical symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux to validate the method compared with the gold standard. ...
Clarke S A - - 2005
A premature infant of 31 weeks' gestation underwent repair of an oesophageal atresia, distal tracheo-oesophageal fistula and anal stenosis. A lymphatic leak was noted at the time of surgery. Chylous drainage persisted and an intravenous infusion of somatostatin was begun. The volume of chyle drained fell dramatically within the first ...
Salvatore Silvia - - 2005
Symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) are common in infants. It is often difficult to discriminate between physiological and pathologic gastroesophageal reflux, although this discrimination is essential to determine which infants to evaluate and treat. OBJECTIVES: To identify the prevalence of reflux symptoms in infants and to evaluate the predictive ...
Pacilli Maurizio - - 2005
Gastro-esophageal reflux (GER) is a physiological process characterized by the involuntary passage of gastric contents into the lower esophagus not induced by noxious stimuli. It represents a common condition in preterm infants and may occur in healthy neonates. The phenomenon is only considered as GER disease when it causes the ...
Mejia Nicte I - - 2005
We describe a 1-year-old girl who developed orofaciolingual stereotypy at age 2 months after a 17-day treatment with metoclopramide for gastroesophageal reflux. The stereotypy, documented by sequential videos, persisted for at least 9 months after the drug was discontinued. This patient represents the first documented case of tardive dyskinesia in ...
Tolia Vasundhara - - 2005
Our aims were to compare the specificity and sensitivity of the reflux index (RI), Euler and Byrne score (EBS), and area under the curve (AUC) at pH < 4.0 in infants 1 year old for identifying pathologic gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and to identify new cutoffs on formula feedings. We undertook ...
Burstein Fernando D FD Center for Craniofacial Disorders, Children's Healthcare of Atlanta, and the Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Emory University, Atlanta, Ga, USA. - - 2005
Pierre Robin sequence may result in physiologically significant obstructive apnea in the neonatal and infant period. This may be life threatening and is most often treated by tracheostomy. To avoid tracheostomy or allow for early decannulation in severely affected infants and children, the authors have developed a new class of ...
Shaheen Ihab Sakr - - 2005
Two infants with nonfunctioning antenatally detected multicystic dysplastic kidneys developed acute renal failure in conjunction with pelviureteric obstruction of the contralateral kidney at 9 and 14 months of age, respectively. The initial postnatal ultrasounds had shown mild pelvic dilatation in both cases. Clinicians need to be aware of the possibility ...
Csaicsich Dagmar - - 2004
One of the most common causes of congenital hydronephrosis is obstruction of the ureteropelvic junction. The obstruction can be detected with prenatal ultrasonography screening and treated before renal function is reduced; the obstruction may also resolve spontaneously. Currently, there is no test for predicting the outcome of this obstruction. Management ...
Yao Tsung-Chieh - - 2004
Vallecular cyst is a rare but dangerous cause of stridor in neonates and young infants. Without recognition and proper therapy, the resulting airway obstruction can lead to serious morbidity and mortality. We herein report a young infant with a vallecular cyst synchronous with laryngomalacia and gastroesophageal reflux. The infant initially ...
Johnson Dale G - - 2004
Three infants with progressive upper esophageal stenosis had bilateral vocal fold paralysis. The patients were apparently normal at birth and without neurologic abnormality. Cricopharyngeal myotomy, followed by serial dilatations, relieved esophageal stenosis and restored the swallowing function. Vocal fold mobility, to the authors' surprise, also recovered after myotomy in 2 ...
Skarsgard Erik D - - 2004
This report describes two infants with long gap esophageal atresia managed by dynamic esophageal lengthening. Preliminary traction on the atretic ends of the esophagus permitted subsequent primary anastomosis under significant tension. One patient has done well, while the other developed an anastomotic stricture requiring resection. The esophagus was preserved in ...
Vandenplas Yvan - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Although antimony electrodes are by far the most popular for performing oesophageal pH monitoring, there are few data comparing the accuracy of glass and antimony electrodes. Therefore, we tested the accuracy of both electrodes in the prediction of oesophagitis. METHOD: pH monitoring using a glass electrode and an antimony ...
Kalfa N - - 2004
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the optimal conditions for laparoscopic management of neonatal subacute volvulus with malrotation. METHODS: Between 1994 and 2002, 13 neonates with midgut volvulus and malrotation entered the authors' institution. Five of these neonates met the eligibility criteria for laparoscopy: good hemodynamic parameters, no gut perforation, ...
Shatz Anat - - 2004
Adenoid hypertrophy is one of the most common causes of pediatric obstructive sleep apnea. Although adenoidectomy is the only effective treatment for adenoid hypertrophy, it is rarely performed in infants less than 1 year old. This study reports on the successful use of adenoidectomy in 24 infants less than 1 ...
Holtom Paul D - - 2004
The goal of this study is to examine whether porcine small intestine submucosa (SIS) exhibits antimicrobial properties in a standard in vitro system, without pretreatment with acetic acid or extraction of soluble proteins. Previous animal studies suggest that porcine SIS may have inherent antibiotic properties. Using the guidelines for disk ...
Cleper Roxana - - 2004
Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) after a first episode of urinary tract infection (UTI) is apparently diagnosed much more frequently (25%-40%) in children than in neonates. The aims of the study were to determine the actual rate of VUR in neonates with UTI and to define the clinical clues to its diagnosis. ...
Hansson Sverker - - 2004
PURPOSE: We study the ability of dimercapto-succinic acid (DMSA) scintigraphy to predict the presence of dilating vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) in infants with urinary tract infection (UTI) to simplify the evaluation protocol. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the records of 303 children younger than 2 years with initial UTI ...
Forrester M B - - 2004
Atresia and stenosis are some of the most common birth defects affecting the small intestine. Few population-based studies have examined the epidemiology of small intestinal atresia/stenosis. Eighty-two cases of small intestinal atresia/stenosis were identified through a population-based birth defects registry in Hawaii during 1986-2000. The relationships of various clinical and ...
Henry Shawna M - - 2004
Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is a frequently encountered problem in infancy; it commonly resolves spontaneously by 12 months of age. Caregivers are challenged to discriminate between physiologic GER and the much less common and more serious condition of pathologic gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Pathologic GERD may require more extensive clinical evaluation ...
Sjöström Sofia - - 2004
PURPOSE: We studied the spontaneous resolution rate in a group of infants with high grade vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). The influence of gender, prenatal or postnatal diagnosis, recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs) and bladder dysfunction on the resolution rate was also evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study comprised 115 infants ...
Omari Taher I - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To combine manometry and impedance to characterize the mechanisms of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and to explore their relation to the rate of gastric emptying (GE) and body position. STUDY DESIGN: Ten healthy preterm infants (35 to 37 weeks' postmenstrual age) were studied with the use of a micromanometric/impedance assembly. ...
Garza-Cox Sanjuanita - - 2004
Meconium obstruction of prematurity is a distinct clinical condition that occurs in very low birth weight infants, predisposing them to intestinal perforation and a prolonged hospitalization if not diagnosed and treated promptly. We report a series of 21 infants, including 2 detailed case reports, whose clinical course is indicative of ...
Harris P - - 2004
BACKGROUND: To establish the relationship between sleep apnoea and gastro-oesophageal reflux in infants and describe the clinical, demographic and pHmetric profile and the characteristic of the sleep polysomnography with a pH probe. METHODS: A total of 102 consecutive patients were evaluated. Parents were requested to fill out a questionnaire about ...
Vincent Michelle V - - 2004
On-table colonic lavage for preparing obstructed bowel prior to anastomosis or stoma formation is now routine in adults, but it is seldom used in paediatric practice. We describe a simple technique for intraoperative colonic lavage using inexpensive medical devices that are also readily available and disposable, a Replogle tube, a ...
Fintl C - - 2004
This study set out to determine the pattern of development and distribution of the interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) in the intestinal tract of the equine fetus and neonate. Intestinal tissue samples from 12 naturally aborted equine fetuses and three euthanized neonates were collected and fixed in formalin prior to ...
Sigalet David L - - 2004
Glucagon Like Peptide 2 (GLP-2) has been proposed as an important regulatory hormone in nutrient absorption. The present study was conducted in human infants with intestinal dysfunction undergoing surgery, correlating postprandial GLP-2 levels with intestinal length, nutrient absorption, and patient outcome. We hypothesized that GLP-2 levels would be inversely related ...
Herr Sandra - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Retinal hemorrhages (RHs) are 1 manifestation of child abuse, and although they often are considered to be diagnostic of abuse in a young child, there are other potential causes. RHs have been described in association with valsalva maneuver, such as forceful vomiting or coughing. Our aim was to describe ...
Raghavan U - - 2004
Neonates and infants are obligate nasal breathers and nasal obstruction in this age group can be a life threatening emergency. Even though the commonest cause for nasal obstruction is nasal oedema, bony stenosis of the posterior choanae or pyriform aperture is quite common and may be seen on CT scans. ...
Riccabona Marcus - - 2004
The incidence of asymptomatic hydronephrosis in newborns is high. Despite extensive clinical and scientific research much controversy still exists about the assessment and management of hydronephrosis during infancy. Postnatal management demands a detailed prenatal history. Initial workup in newborns with unilateral hydronephrosis starts with a physical examination and sonography of ...
Vandenplas Yvan - - 2004
Acid reflux and/or oesophagitis may be responsible for inconsolable crying in infants. We evaluated prospectively the presence of acid reflux disease, oesophagitis and the accuracy of pH monitoring in the prediction of oesophagitis in a population of irritable infants. A 24-h oesophageal pH monitoring with a glass electrode and an ...
Mbanaso, AU; ;
The earliest recorded case of infantile pyloric stenosis may be that described in 1627 by Hildanus. The first decription of the characteristic clinical and post-mortem findings of the disease as we know it was by Patrick Blair, a Scot surgeon and botanist, who presented his case to the Royal Society ...
Button B M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Postural drainage chest physiotherapy in infants with cystic fibrosis (CF) exacerbates gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) and may contribute to a more rapid deterioration in lung function. AIMS: To compare standard postural drainage chest physiotherapy (SPT) and a modified physiotherapy regimen (MPT) without head-down tilt, with regard to GOR, arousal state, ...
Yao Chih-Ta - - 2004
The severity of airway obstruction varies in infants with Pierre-Robin syndrome (PRS). Some have severe upper airway obstruction that results in respiratory failure and even death. We report a case of neonate with isolated PRS who had a severe airway obstruction and respiratory failure after birth. She had complications of ...
Aggarwal Sandeep - - 2004
A 25-point infant gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) score based on 11 signs and symptoms of gastrooesophageal reflux (GER), to diagnose GERD has been suggested in infant. We carried out this study to test the reproducibility and validity of this scoring system in the cross-cultural settings of Indian infants. Caretakers of ...
Dinwiddie Robert - - 2004
Most causes of upper airway obstruction are rare in the neonatal period and during infancy. They may, however, cause major respiratory problems either initially or during the first few weeks of life. It is important to recognise these problems at an early stage so that appropriate measures to overcome airway ...
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