Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1191
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Lidefelt Karl-Johan - - 2006
AIM: To determine whether postnatal ultrasound (US) can guide the use of voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) in infants with antenatally detected renal pelvis dilatation (ARPD). METHODS: 14,000 pregnant women consecutively underwent routine US examination during the second trimester. US examinations later in pregnancy were performed as follow-up of previous anomalies or ...
Pezzati Marco - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To compare the ultrasound examination with pH-metry in order to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of sonography for diagnosis of gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) in preterm infants. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted on 31 premature infants <34 weeks with clinically diagnosed GOR. First, they underwent 24-hour pH-monitoring; successively, the sonographic ...
Osovsky Micky - - 2007
Nasal airway obstruction is a potentially life-threatening condition in the newborn. Neonates are obligatory nasal breathers. The pyriform aperture is the narrowest, most anterior bony portion of the nasal airway, and a decrease in its cross-sectional area will significantly increase nasal airway resistance. Congenital nasal pyriform aperture stenosis (CNPAS) is ...
Koshinaga Tsugumichi - - 2006
AIM: To elucidate how spontaneous localized intestinal perforation (SLIP) is related to intestinal morphological features such as dilatation in very-low-birthweight (VLBW) infants. METHODS: The medical records of 13 VLBW infants (<1500 g) undergoing laparotomy between 1983 and 2003 for presumed SLIP were retrospectively reviewed. Clinical findings including maternal, prenatal and ...
Kutikov Alexander - - 2006
PURPOSE: Robot assisted pyeloplasty is emerging as an effective tool for treatment of ureteropelvic junction obstruction in the pediatric population. However, access needed for the procedure is difficult in the small abdominal cavity of an infant. We present our experience with infant robot assisted pyeloplasty, along with some lessons learned ...
Croese John - - 2006
It is unclear how immunity limits hookworm infection. Australian researchers, using capsule and conventional gastrointestinal endoscopy in volunteers inoculated with Necator americanus, have reported that virtually all larvae reach the intestine within six weeks. Unlike the neutral response surrounding resident hookworms, newly arrived adults provoke an eosinophilic enteropathy. This allergic ...
Sherwood W - - 2007
The aetiology of infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) remains unclear. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that a common bacterium, Helicobacter pylori (HP) may be implicated in the pathogenesis of IHPS. Thirty-nine consecutive infants with confirmed IHPS had their stool analysed with an enzyme immunoassay for ...
Dawrant Michael J - - 2006
PURPOSE: Minimally invasive endoscopic treatment for vesicoureteral reflux has become an established alternative to long-term antibiotic prophylaxis and surgical intervention in children. We determined the long-term efficacy and safety of this treatment for high grade reflux in infants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 411 consecutive ...
Berrocal Teresa - - 2007
The objective of our study was to determine the significance of mild hydronephrosis in newborns and infants as an indicator of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). The voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) of 573 patients aged 0-18 months with mild, sonographically detected hydronephrosis were reviewed for VUR. Patients with secondary reflux or anomalies making ...
Wesley, John R.
Over a 10-year period, we have performed pyloromyotomy on 260 infants with hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS), 10 of whom had a history suggestive of pyloric stenosis but initially had neither the physical nor radiological findings to confirm the diagnosis. All 10 demonstrated pylorospasm on upper gastrointestinal series (UGIS), were treated ...
van den Berg Anemone - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants are susceptible to glutamine depletion. Glutamine depletion has negative effects on intestinal integrity. The lower infection rate in VLBW infants receiving glutamine-enriched enteral nutrition may originate from improved intestinal integrity, as reflected by decreased intestinal permeability. The aim of our study was to investigate whether glutamine-enriched ...
Vatansever Ulfet - - 2006
PURPOSE: Congenital tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) without esophageal atresia is commonly known as "H" type. This is extremely rare in infants. The rarity of the condition, its nonspecific symptomatology, and limitations in its demonstration by contrast radiology and endoscopy contribute to delays between first presentation and confirmation of the diagnosis. Our ...
Daher Paul - - 2006
An 8-month-old female infant was referred after unsuccessful attempts of extubation owing to upper airway obstruction by a pharyngeal soft tissue mass. Laryngoscopic examination revealed an obstructing mucosal fold originating from the posterior pharyngeal wall. The lesion was totally excised with remarkable improvement of the infant's deglutition and respiration. Histologic ...
Solan Kate - - 2006
Neonatal stridor is an important sign of upper airway obstruction. This is most commonly secondary to laryngeal pathology and investigated by otolaryngologists. However neurological causes of stridor, secondary to vocal cord paralysis also occur for a variety of reasons (1). In cases of meningomyelocele up to 20% of infants may ...
Brindley N M - - 2006
A group of neonates born by elective Caesarean delivery to HIV infected mothers taking the antiretroviral agent Zidovudine, are presented. The three newborns were also treated with Zidovudine immediately postnatally, and developed functional distal bowel obstruction. The bowel obstruction resolved with conservative management and cessation of the oral antiretroviral agent. ...
López-Alonso Manuel - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Gastroesophageal reflux is a physiologic process and is considered pathologic (gastroesophageal reflux disease) when it causes symptoms or results in complications. It is common in preterm infants and occurs in healthy neonates. Twenty-four-hour pH monitoring commonly is used in children for diagnosis of gastroesophageal reflux disease, and abnormal reflux ...
Jadcherla Sudarshan R SR Section of Neonatology and Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Columbus Children's Hospital, OH 43205, USA. - - 2006
The pharyngoesophageal segment of the foregut has an important function in steering clear of luminal contents from the airway, across the age spectrum from a premature neonate to an aging adult. This complex neuromuscular interaction between the esophagus and the airway is maintained by a variety of mechanisms mediated by ...
Lo-A-Njoe Shirley M - - 2006
A newborn girl with progressive respiratory distress and cyanosis was found to have severely obstructed supracardiac total pulmonary venous return (TAPVR). Stenting of the stenosis provided immediate and effective relief of the obstruction until corrective surgery was performed. Catheter intervention should be considered in high-risk infants with obstructed supracardiac TAPVR ...
Piper Hannah G - - 2006
PURPOSE: In fetuses with gastroschisis, the importance of ultrasonographic bowel dilation remains controversial. The outcome of patients with gastroschisis with and without prenatal bowel dilation is reported. METHODS: From 2000 to 2004, 27 neonates with gastroschisis were followed at a single center. Thirteen patients had prenatal ultrasonographic bowel dilation (diameter, ...
Cozzi D A - - 2006
Many infants with a repaired esophageal atresia (EA) undergo fundoplication, aortopexy, or glossopexy because the mechanisms most responsible for airway obstruction and/or apparent life-threatening event (AO/ALTE) syndrome are considered to be gastroesophageal reflux (GER), tracheal compression (TC), or obstructive apnea, respectively. In the present study, we investigated whether these mechanisms ...
Oktay Hüsamettin - - 2006
Pierre Robin sequence is a triad of micrognathia, glossoptosis, and cleft palate that results in upper airway obstruction and feeding problems. It is a serious condition with potentially severe, life-threatening airway obstruction. Approaches for treatment of airway obstruction among neonates with Pierre Robin sequence include prone positioning of the infant, ...
Pratap Akshay - - 2006
A 15-day male neonate presented with postprandial nonbilious vomiting. Barium meal suggested pyloric obstruction. Ultrasound of the stomach after saline loading revealed an echogenic antral valve. Subsequent laparotomy confirmed the ultrasound findings. Excision of the valve resulted in excellent recovery. To our knowledge, gastric outlet obstruction because of an antral ...
Wax Joseph R - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe the prenatal sonographic features and natural course of congenital jejunal and ileal atresia and correlate the findings with neonatal outcomes. METHODS: We identified all neonates with surgically confirmed jejunal or ileal atresia that had prenatal sonography and neonatal surgery in our ...
Heine Ralf G - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) is common in infants with persistent crying. Empirical treatment with antireflux medications is common practice, although on clinical grounds it may be difficult to determine whether GOR is abnormal. AIMS: To examine the diagnostic accuracy of clinical predictors of pathological GOR in infants with persistent crying. ...
Osman Mohammed A - - 2006
Sildenafil citrate is the first oral treatment for erectile dysfunction. Its oral bioavailability is about 40%. This research investigated the intestinal transport parameters of sildenafil citrate in rabbit using an in situ intestinal perfusion technique. This was studied in four different anatomical sites, namely duodenum, jejunoileum, ascending colon and rectum. ...
Orenstein Susan R SR Pediatric Gastroenterology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, One Children's Place, Pittsburgh, PA 15213-2583, - - 2006
To determine the natural history of infant gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) with esophagitis, we periodically analyzed symptoms and biopsies during 1 yr in 19 infants randomly assigned to placebo in a pharmacotherapy study. One hundred infants who were referred during 1994-1999 for GERD, were unresponsive to 2-wk life-style measures, and ...
Ismaili Khalid - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical outcome and imaging features of neonatal primary vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). STUDY DESIGN: We prospectively followed 43 infants with primary VUR identified from among a cohort of 497 infants with fetal renal pelvis dilatation. Postnatal renal ultrasound (US) examinations were performed at 5 days and 1, ...
Jonniaux E - - 2006
Apertura pyriformis stenosis in the newborn. Respiratory distress in the newborn can have a variety of aetiologies, the best known of which are cardiac and pulmonary diseases. Major nasal airway obstruction is probably often overlooked when acute desaturation of the neonate requires reanimation procedures, although it is well established that ...
Alvarez Sonia M - - 2006
PURPOSE: Most infants undergoing an ultrasound to rule out pyloric stenosis will have a negative study, suggesting the low accuracy of clinical assessment. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of using a Bayesian network to improve the accuracy of diagnosing pyloric stenosis. METHODS: Records of 118 ...
Herndon C D Anthony - - 2006
The diagnosis, evaluation and management of antenatal hydronephrosis has undergone a two stage paradigm shift since the advent of prenatal ultrasonography in the early 1980s. Initially the identification of a large number of asymptomatic infants appeared to afford the surgeon the opportunity for preemptive intervention. However, it has now become ...
Won Hye-Sung - - 2006
BACKGROUND: To estimate the effect of vesicoamniotic shunting using a double-basket catheter on treating fetal bladder outlet obstruction. METHODS: A retrospective study involving 8 prenatally diagnosed bladder outlet obstruction cases that underwent vesicoamniotic shunt placement using a double-basket catheter from 1998 to 2004. Patients were followed-up for prenatal and neonatal ...
Buffat C - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Spermatozoa can be retrieved from the testis and epididymis of men with obstructive azoospermia (OA) and used for ICSI. However, it is unknown whether the outcome of ICSI depends on the cause of obstruction or the origin of surgically retrieved spermatozoa. METHODS: A cohort of 171 men with OA ...
Di Ciaula Agostino - - 2005
AIM: To check the utility of postcibal ultrasonography for the evaluation of reflux in relation to gastric emptying in infants with recurrent respiratory symptoms and to link imaging with clinical data. METHODS: Esophageal reflux (hyperechoic retrograde filling) and gastric emptying (antral areas) were quantified before and after ingestion of a ...
Bókay János - - 2005
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the motor activity in the stomach of infants with repaired esophageal atresia (EA). METHOD: Gastric myoelectrical activity was investigated by cutaneous electrogastrography in 15 infants after the surgical correction of EA. Ten infants with no gastrointestinal upset served as controls. Studies ...
Homayoon Kaveh - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To assess the rate of development of voiding dysfunction as an outcome in patients with congenital vesicoureteral reflux. METHODS: A computerized database was used to review the medical records of all patients with congenital reflux diagnosed before 6 months of age from 1988 to 2002. Only those infants with ...
Nagae Itsuro - - 2005
Gross E-type congenital esophageal atresia associated with congenital esophageal stenosis is extremely rare. In a male infant born at 36 weeks of gestation, bubbly vomiting was noted after birth. X-ray films of the chest and abdomen showed coil-up sign of the nasogastric tube and gas in the stomach and small ...
Walor David - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) has been used since 1975 as the initial treatment for respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in very premature infants. Gaseous distention of the abdomen (CPAP belly) is a common secondary effect of CPAP. Gaseous distention of the hypopharynx is also common. OBJECTIVE: To determine ...
Van Citters Gregg W - - 2005
Similar to that of all mammals, the human gastrointestinal tract is colonized by 100 trillion bacteria shortly after birth. Remarkably, in the open-tube arrangement of the intestine, this bacterial population is tightly compartmentalized to the distal gut. Contamination of the small intestine with colonic bacterial flora or small intestinal bacterial ...
Wagner Wolfgang - - 2005
OBJECT: The cause of failed endoscopic third vetriculostomy (ETV) surgery in the treatment of hydrocephalus may be a poor absorption of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) or a new or continuing obstruction of CSF pathways. Particularly in infants, ETV failures often are ascribed to a still poorly developed CSF absorptive capacity. METHODS: ...
Ismaili Khalid - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To determine if two successive ultrasound examinations could rule out the presence of clinically significant contralateral anomalies in neonates with multicystic dysplastic kidney (MCDK), thereby avoiding unnecessary voiding cystourethrography (VCUG). STUDY DESIGN: We followed 76 newborn infants with antenatally discovered MCDK. Two successive neonatal renal ultrasound examinations were performed, ...
Nasr Ahmed - - 2005
AIM OF STUDY: Infants with repaired esophageal atresia and distal tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TEF) are at risk for severe respiratory distress, which is related to tracheomalacia (TM), gastroesophageal reflux, or both. This usually mandates an operation for TM and/or a fundoplication procedure (FP). METHODS: We retrospectively performed a 26-year review of ...
Ro Pamela S - - 2005
Superior vena cava (SVC) obstruction is a rare entity in the pediatric population. It usually presents in association with either previous cardiac surgery or external compression from a neoplasm. We present the case of an infant born with congenital SVC obstruction and significant bilateral chylothorax and anasarca necessitating mechanical ventilation. ...
Del Buono R - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Gaviscon Infant (GI) has been recommended for gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) in infants. Its efficacy has not been examined with a physiologically appropriate denominator to define the degree of GOR. AIM: To investigate the influence of Gaviscon Infant on GOR in infants using combined pH and intraluminal impedance measurement. METHODS: ...
Gardikis Stefanos - - 2005
Here we present the first reported case of an ingested open safety-pin in a 7-mo-old boy that migrated from the stomach to the oesophagus. This rare complication is probably due to a gastro-oesophageal reflux effect, and for this reason we propose that all infants with safety-pins and other sharp objects ...
Katzir Ze'ev - - 2005
Extra-renal pelvis (ERpel) is a common ultrasonographic finding among neonates who have undergone recurrent ultrasound examinations for a better definition of prenatal renal pelvic dilatation. This study tries to determine whether or not ERpel has important prognostic implications. Seventy-nine neonates (17 female) were examined. All had a diagnosis of prenatal ...
Cohen-Overbeek T E - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To establish guidelines for postnatal referral of fetuses presenting with mild pyelectasis in the second trimester of pregnancy. METHODS: In a retrospective study, 87 fetuses with a renal pelvis anteroposterior (RPAP) diameter of > or = 4 mm and < or = 10 mm before 28 weeks of gestation ...
Davis Dereck - - 2005
This report describes an infant with vomiting and significant weight loss attributable to cricopharyngeal achalasia, a rare finding in children. The infant responded to balloon dilation of the upper esophageal sphincter, with resolution of symptoms and return to presymptomatic growth parameters. A brief description of the clinical features, diagnostic evaluation, ...
Nielsen Rasmus Gaardskaer - - 2005
Deglutition disorders in infancy are often associated with birth asphyxia or structural abnormalities in the hypopharynx, the trachea, or the esophagus. Manometry can be crucial for clarifying the dynamics of the swallowing disorder in the infant with deglutition problems and without signs of these causes. An 8-week-old infant was referred ...
McPherson Vanessa - - 2005
The literature on pediatric reflux can be divided into studies addressing clinically apparent reflux (vomiting or regurgitation) and reflux as measured by pH probe or other methods. Sodium alginate reduces vomiting and improves parents' assessment of symptoms (strength of recommendation [SOR]: B, small randomized controlled trial [RCT]). Formula thickened with ...
Alberti Daniele - - 2005
Two infants affected by intestinal vascular anomalies causing lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage are reported. Upper and lower gastrointestinal tract endoscopy and radionuclide scan were negative. The authors found laparoscopic exploration very useful in detecting the cause and the site of bleeding. Because the usual investigations for gastrointestinal bleeding have been proven ...
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