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Results 201 - 250 of 1201
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Moore Gregory P - - 2011
Neonatology, in large part due to its population of babies born at the edge of viability, is rife with bioethical issues. This unique population is at high risk of mortality and considerable neurodevelopmental morbidity. One contentious, ongoing debate concerns whether these extremely low birth weight infants born at the border ...
Harigopal S - - 2011
Aim To establish a reference range for oxygen saturation (SpO(2)) in well preterm infants to guide home oxygen therapy using a pulse oximeter and Pulse Oximetry Data Analysis Software (PODS). Methods SpO(2) and heart-rate profiles of healthy preterm infants receiving mechanical ventilation for less than 6 h and supplemental oxygen ...
Hansen-Pupp Ingrid - - 2011
Pronounced growth restriction occurs after very preterm birth. The interaction between IGF-I, nutritional intake and growth was evaluated prospectively in 64 infants with a mean (SD) GA of 25.7 (1.9) weeks. Blood sampling of IGF-I and measurements of weight, length and head circumference were performed weekly until discharge. Daily calculation ...
Ishimaru Daichi - - 2011
Bacille Calmette-Guérin osteomyelitis in infants is a known complication of Bacille Calmette-Guérin vaccination. Treatment consists of antituberculosis chemotherapy after biopsy/curettage; however, in cases of Bacille Calmette-Guérin osteomyelitis extending to the growth plate and epiphysis, the extent and time of surgical treatment such as curettage/biopsy is unknown because of bone growth ...
Cosmi Erich - - 2011
Intrauterine growth restriction is a condition fetus does not reach its growth potential and associated with perinatal mobility and mortality. Intrauterine growth restriction is caused by placental insufficiency, which determines cardiovascular abnormalities in the fetus. This condition, moreover, should prompt intensive antenatal surveillance of the fetus as well as follow-up ...
Pearson R M - - 2011
Maternal response towards infant distress has an important impact on infant development. In animals it is established that lactation and pup suckling plays an important role in maintaining maternal responses. Previous research suggests that breastfeeding is associated with sensitive maternal responses in human mothers. However, this may be because women ...
Sayers Susan - - 2011
The main objective of the work is to compare the growth and nutritional status of Australian Aboriginal term infants born with (n = 81) and without fetal growth restriction (n = 260). A prospective birth cohort study of 341 Aboriginal babies from the Top End of the Northern Territory of ...
Sayers Susan - - 2010
The main objective of the work is to compare the growth and nutritional status of Australian Aboriginal term infants born with (n = 81) and without fetal growth restriction (n = 260). A prospective birth cohort study of 341 Aboriginal babies from the Top End of the Northern Territory of ...
Corvaglia L - - 2011
Background  Gastro-oesophageal reflux is common in preterm newborns; at present, no studies have evaluated the efficacy of sodium alginate in this population. Aim  To evaluate the effect of sodium alginate on gastro-oesophageal reflux features in preterm newborns by combined pH and impedance monitoring (pH-MII). Methods  Thirty-two symptomatic preterm newborns underwent ...
Orenstein Susan R - - 2010
Answering a need for a thoroughly validated infant gastroesophageal reflux questionnaire, the Infant Gastroesophageal Reflux Questionnaire Revised (I-GERQ-R) was designed, refined, and validated using state-of-the-art psychometric methods. Diagnostic and evaluative (tracking) validity was identified. However, perplexing results of some clinical trials using the I-GERQ-R for diagnosis prompted analysis of possible ...
Weaver L T - - 2011
The rates and patterns of growth in weight of European and North American infants have changed over the last 100 years. Since the development and first use of growth charts for postnatal health surveillance a century ago, there appears to have been an increase in the weight of 1-year olds ...
Fredrickson Laura K LK Department of Pediatrics, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, - - 2011
The safe lower limit of haematocrit or haemoglobin that should trigger a red blood cell (RBC) transfusion has not been defined. The objective of this study was to examine the physiological effects of anaemia and compare the acute responses to transfusion in preterm infants who were transfused at higher or ...
Silveri Massimiliano - - 2010
The finding of a urinoma in the fetal and neonatal period is almost always related to an obstruction distal to the collection itself. Syringocele is a congenital or acquired dilation of a bulbourethral Cowper's gland. An exceedingly rare case of neonatal anterior urethral obstruction caused by a syringocele and manifesting ...
Luo Chih-Cheng - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The dilated bowel segment usually involves the entire jejunum, as well as the duodenum in patients with high jejunal atresia. Classical approaches with a limited tapering enteroplasty and anastomosis frequently fail to restore intestinal function. A novel technique using duodenal derotation and extent tapering jejunoplasty (DDETJ) is reported here. ...
Chirico G - - 2010
The main functions of the nasal airway are respiration and olfaction. The nose and sinuses condition air before reaching the lower respiratory tract by providing almost 100% humidification, warming, filtering and trapping of foreign particles. The airway epithelium contributes to the host defense system. Any alteration of this clearance system ...
Allen Marilee C - - 2010
To systematically review the evidence on the use of inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) in preterm infants born at or before 34 weeks gestation age who receive respiratory support. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Studies (CENTRAL) and PsycInfo in June 2010. We also searched the proceedings ...
Salvatore Silvia - - 2010
To correlate multiple intraluminal esophageal impedance recording with pH-monitoring with symptoms. Symptoms occurring within a 2-minute window of a reflux were considered to be associated with reflux. Analyses were performed in 1- to 6-, 6- to 12-, and >12-months-old patients for crying, pain, cough, and vomiting. A total of 70 ...
Sale Steven Michael - - 2010
Premature infants have immature respiratory control that predisposes them to apnoea, haemoglobin oxygen desaturation and bradycardia. Apnoeas are loosely classified, according to the presence or absence of respiratory effort, into central, obstructive or mixed. There are a variety of conditions, in the perioperative period, that predispose an infant to apnoea, ...
Parhizkar Nooshin - - 2011
Objective : Describe airway management using nasopharyngeal airway in infants. Design : Retrospective case series (1996 to 2006). Setting : Tertiary pediatric hospital. Patients, Participants : The craniofacial database of Seattle Children's Hospital was searched to identify patients with one of the following diagnoses: micrognathia, secondary cleft palate, branchial arch ...
Kenny Simon E - - 2010
Hirschsprung's disease (HSCR) is characterized by absence of the enteric nervous system in a variable portion of the distal gut. Affected infants usually present in the days after birth with bowel obstruction. Despite surgical advances, long-term outcomes remain variable. In the last 2 decades, great advances have been made in ...
Oretti Chiara - - 2010
Defect of the intestinal musculature is a rare condition. It may cause intestinal perforation or obstruction. It manifests itself mainly in the neonatal period and usually affects preterm infants. We describe one such case, which was first diagnosed as a spontaneous isolated intestinal perforation. Emergency laparotomy was performed and showed ...
Mesrobian Hrair-George O - - 2010
PURPOSE: Ureteropelvic junction obstruction may either worsen and require surgery, improve or remain stable. It may take upward of 3 years for the natural history to unfold. Urinary proteome analysis using capillary electrophoresis mass spectrometry has been shown to differentiate between normal infants and those with ureteropelvic junction obstruction. We ...
Baek Jong Geun - - 2010
Although sodium nitroprusside (SNP) is often used in pediatric intensive care units, cyanide toxicity can occur after SNP treatment. To treat SNP-induced cyanide poisoning, antidotes such as amyl nitrite, sodium nitrite, sodium thiosulfate, and hydroxycobalamin should be administered immediately after diagnosis. Here, we report the first case of a very ...
Moscato Eve E - - 2010
To measure the height, anteroposterior, and transverse diameters of the nasolacrimal duct (NLD) in normal children between 2 weeks and 34 months of age and to compare the development of the NLD with the maxilla. Retrospective case series. Thirty-eight children with no history of NLD abnormalities who underwent prior axial ...
Kierkus Jaroslaw - - 2011
Limited data on proton pump inhibitors in infants led regulatory agencies to request sponsors to conduct pediatric studies. To determine the pharmacodynamic response to pantoprazole in infants with GERD to aid the dose selection for an efficacy study. In two open-label studies, neonates and preterm infants (study 1, ~1.2 mg/kg ...
Juza Ryan M - - 2010
Previous reports describing laparoscopic-assisted transhiatal gastric transposition for long gap esophageal atresia (LGEA) have focused on older infants (median age of 11 months). By performing this operation at an earlier age, patients may avoid esophagostomies or prolonged hospitalizations with nasoesophageal tubes. An additional benefit is the earlier introduction of oral ...
Piacentini Giorgio - - 2010
: Intestinal bacteria play an important role in the postnatal development of the immune system. The composition of gut microbiota is profoundly influenced by the infant's diet, but there is little information about the effects of soymilk on the composition of intestinal biota. The present study was designed to investigate ...
Hsu Peter P Discipline of Paediatrics, Sydney Medical School-Nepean, The University of Sydney, Kingswood, New South Wales, - - 2014
Pyloric stenosis is a common infantile disorder typically occurring between 2 weeks and 8 weeks of age. Presentation outside this range and in premature infants is uncommon and often atypical. We present three cases, a pair of premature twins and a 5.5-month-old infant with pyloric stenosis. We highlight that despite their difference ...
Turial Salmai - - 2011
We conducted a prospective feasibility study to evaluate the value of microlaparoscopic pyloromyotomy for hypertrophic pyloric stenosis in infants. All data were prospectively collected, and the procedures were documented by video recording. Patients were selected based on the availability of the equipment and consultant surgeons experienced in microlaparoscopy. Microlaparoscopic (exclusive ...
Atz Andrew M AM Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC 29425, USA. - - 2010
The purpose of this analysis was to assess preoperative risk factors before the first-stage Norwood procedure in infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome and related single-ventricle lesions and to evaluate practice patterns in prenatal diagnosis, as well as the role of prenatal diagnosis in outcome. Data from all live births ...
Mamì Carmelo - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence and outcome of isolated severe renal pelvis dilatation (RPD; APD>15<or=20 mm) in an unselected population of 2-month-old infants prospectively followed up for 12-14 months of life. Isolated severe renal pelvis dilatation was detected in 46 of the 11,801 (0.39%) infants ...
Usui Noriaki - - 2010
In the few surviving cases of tracheal agenesis, infants have not been capable of oral intake because the esophagus was used as a substitute for the trachea. We performed a three-stage reconstruction of the airway and alimentary tract in an infant with tracheal agenesis. This procedure involved a double cervical ...
Corbett Harriet J - - 2010
PURPOSE: Management of colonic atresia is contentious, with primary anastomosis having a notable risk of anastomotic leak. In addition, resection of the terminal ileum and ileocecal (i-c) valve is frequently performed, risking side effects such as diarrhea, vitamin B(12) deficiency, and gall stone formation. METHODS: The hospital coding system was ...
Farrugia Marie-Klaire - - 2011
To analyse the long-term outcome of 16 infants with primary obstructive megaureter managed by (endoscopic or open) stenting over a 10-year period. A retrospective case-note and imaging review was performed between 1997 and 2007. Data are presented as medians (range) and were compared using the Mann-Whitney test. Sixteen infants with19 ...
Lüthold Samuel C SC Division of Gastroenterology, Departement of Pediatrics, Hospital of Fribourg, CH-1708 Fribourg, Switzerland. - - 2010
To assess the agreement within 3 commonly used symptom-reflux association analysis (SAA) parameters investigating gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in infants. Twenty three infants with suspected GERD were included in this study. Symptom index (SI), Symptom sensitivity index (SSI) and symptom association probability (SAP) related to cough and irritability were calculated ...
Atasay Begum - - 2010
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of the antireflux barrier formed by Na alginate on pH-metry-defined acid reflux events in preterms. Four times/day, 1 mL/kg of Na alginate was administered as an intervention to the preterm infants whose gastroesophageal reflux disease was confirmed by 24-hour pH ...
Al-Adnani Mudher - - 2011
Abstract We present 4 cases of sudden infant death in which we believe that gastroesophageal reflux (GOR) was a contributory, if not a causative, factor. Two of our patients had documented GOR reflux disease during life, and all 4 cases showed histologic evidence of GOR. No other cause of death ...
Marques Tatiana Milena - - 2010
The neonatal period is crucial for intestinal colonisation, and the composition of this ecosystem in early life is influenced by such factors as mode of birth, environment, diet and antibiotics. The intestinal microbiota contributes to protection against pathogens, maturation of the immune system and metabolic welfare of the host, but ...
Malhotra Atul - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Bilious vomiting in the newborn is an urgent condition that frequently requires neonatal and paediatric surgical involvement. Investigations involve abdominal X-ray and contrast imaging in most cases. We aimed to describe the prevalence of surgical intervention in this cohort and assess the reliability of contrast imaging in accurate prediction ...
Mshvildadze Maka M Chachava Scientific-Research Institute of Perinatal Medicine Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tbilisi, - - 2010
During the course of mammalian evolution there has been a close relationship between microbes residing in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract and the mammalian host. Interactions of resident intestinal microbes with the luminal contents and the mucosal surface play important roles in normal intestinal development' nutrition and adaptive innate immunity. The ...
Francavilla Ruggiero - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Multichannel intraluminal impedance (MII) is a pH-independent method of assessing gastroesophageal reflux. AIM: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of MII-pH as compared with conventional pH monitoring in detecting reflux events (REs) and symptom association in different age groups. METHODS:: A prospective direct comparison of 2 diagnostic techniques on 291 ...
Dzieniecka Monika - - 2010
Congenital defect of the small intestine muscular layer is rare cause of spontaneous bowel perforation or obstruction in premature infants. Etiology is still unknown. The authors report one case of segmental absence of small bowel muscular layer in preterm born infant. Some ideas concerning the pathogenesis of this entity and ...
Koda Yu Kar Ling - - 2010
In infants, it is not always easy to distinguish between pathological and physiological gastroesophageal reflux based only on clinical criteria. In Brazil, studies about gastroesophageal reflux disease in infants are few and are even rare those that used prolonged esophageal pH monitoring for its evaluation. To describe the clinical features ...
Knoderer Chad A - - 2010
We report the use of the continuous infusion of nafcillin for the treatment of an infant who had methicillinsusceptible Staphylococcus aureus sternal osteomyelitis not responsive to traditional nafcillin dosing. The patient was successfully treated with surgical debridement and the continuous infusion of nafcillin. To our knowledge, this is the first ...
Han Tong-Yan - - 2010
Objective. To investigate the relationship between weight catch-up growth and insulin sensitivity in small for gestational age (SGA) infants. Methods. Forty-four singleton SGA subjects met the inclusion criteria and finished-3-month followup. Body weight, length, fasting glucose, and fasting insulin (FI) levels were measured at 3 days and 3 months. Insulin ...
Van Howe Robert S - - 2010
Increasing numbers of infants are receiving prescription medications for symptoms associated with gastroesophageal reflux. Our aim was to prospectively measure reported gastroesophageal reflux symptoms in healthy term infants for the first six months of life. In a prospective cohort study in the rural Upper Peninsula of Michigan, 128 consecutive maternal-infant ...
Craig William Raine - - 2010
Gastro-esophageal reflux (GER) is the refluxing of gastric contents into the esophagus. Fifty per cent of all infants 0 to 3 months regurgitate at least once a day. This drops to 5% once infants are 10 to 12 months old. Three per cent of parents of 10 to 12 month ...
Petrosyan Mikael - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: The surgical management of esophageal atresia with distal tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TEF) involves early division of the TEF and primary esophageal anastomosis. However, in premature infants, the morbidity associated with primary repair remains high, and the optimal surgical approach has not been well defined. METHODS: Medical records of very low-birth-weight ...
Al-Jahdali Akram - - 2009
The association of intussusception and intestinal malrotation is referred to as Waugh syndrome. A prospective study among 49 children with intussusception found a 40% incidence of malrotation. We describe the rare occurrence of colocolic intussusception in a neonate with malrotated intestine. We believe this is the first reported case in ...
Lupi M - - 2009
Tracheal atresia is an uncommon congenital malformation with a high mortality rate. Clinical symptoms occur suddenly after birth. The diagnosis is suspected in any infant in whom improved ventilation is obtained despite aggressive attempts at resuscitation. We describe a small gestational week 34 male newborn affected by tracheal atresia without ...
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