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Schillaci Michael A - - 2011
The present study examines patterns of infant and juvenile growth in a diachronic sample of ancestral Pueblo Indians (AD 1300-1680) from the American Southwest. An assessment of growth patterns is accompanied by an evaluation of pathological conditions often considered to be indicators of nutritional deficiencies and/or gastrointestinal infections. Growth patterns ...
Lampl Michelle - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Rapid growth rates of head circumference and body size during infancy have been reported to predict developmental pathologies that emerge during childhood. AIMS: This study investigated whether growth in head circumference was concordant with growth in body length. SUBJECTS: Forty infants (16 males) were followed between the ages of ...
Pridham Karen - - 2011
The small sample sizes of studies involving preterm infants limit the use of statistics for examination of multivariate conditions contributing to clinically important growth dimensions of weight: rate of weight gain, body composition (fat-free and fat mass), and weight relative to reference infants (z score). The authors used graphical analyses, ...
Morgan J A - - 2011
Preterm infants, especially very preterm infants, are usually growth-restricted at the time of hospital discharge. Proposed interventions to promote catch-up growth following hospital discharge include multinutrient fortification of expressed breast milk for breastfed infants and nutrient-enriched formula milk for formula-fed infants. The current evidence to support these strategies is limited. ...
Butler Merlin G - - 2011
To generate and report standardized growth curves for weight, length, head circumference, weight/length, and BMI for non-growth hormone-treated white infants (boys and girls) with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) between 0 and 36 months of age. The goal was to monitor growth and compare data with other infants with PWS. Anthropometric measures ...
Jaeger E - - 2011
Objective:The aim of this study was to assess cerebellar growth of very low birth weight infants from birth to discharge and compare it with term infants.Study Design:Very low birth weight infants were matched by gender, adequacy of weight to gestational age at birth and postmenstrual ages at hospital discharge to ...
Sykes Sarah - - 2011
Aims:  There is uncertainty about the best method of withdrawing supplemental oxygen in babies with chronic neonatal lung disease (CNLD). Some authors advocate withdrawal of oxygen in the day, but continuing supplementation during sleep, based on early work suggesting that oxygen saturations are lower during sleep, which did not accord ...
Poddutoor Preetham Kumar - - 2011
The aim was to study the efficacy of rescue High Frequency Oscillatory Ventilation (HFOV) in improving the oxygenation and ventilation in neonates with acute respiratory failure after failing Conventional Mechanical Ventilation (CMV). Primary outcome was short term oxygenation, lung recruitment, and ventilation and secondary outcome studied was survival. 675 babies ...
Sullivan Stephanie A - - 2011
To examine how urban parents' perceptions of healthy infant size and growth relate to objective weight-for-length percentiles of their children, parents of 222 (69% minority) 6- to 27-month-old infants were surveyed. In all, 41% of parents said growth charts had never been explained to them, and 31% were not confident ...
Vento Maximo - - 2011
Resuscitation is the most common procedure performed in neonatology. However, new contributions based on scientific evidence challenge the traditional procedures. Of these new contributions, the use of room-air instead of 100% oxygen and titration of the oxygen inspiratory fraction according to oximetry and heart rate represent a new approach in ...
Johnson Krystal - - 2011
Preterm infants in neonatal intensive care units frequently require oxygen therapy. Clinicians are responsible for titrating oxygen to maximize the benefits and minimize the risks of this therapy. Studies have identified various toxic effects of oxygen on the developing tissues of the preterm infant; however, optimal target SpO2 ranges have ...
Bassan Haim - - 2011
Late onset intrauterine growth restriction is a common form of growth restriction, mainly caused by placenta-vascular insufficiency. Whether the intrauterine or extrauterine environment offers a better long-term outcome for the growth-restricted fetus remains unclear. We compared the risk factors and long-term outcomes of late onset growth-restricted neonates delivered between 31-36 ...
Cervantes Amanda C - - 2011
This study examines the experience of mothers whose very low-birth-weight infants require the delivery of supplemental oxygen during their hospitalization in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Eleven mothers of very low-birth-weight infants who have received various supplemental oxygen delivery methods in the NICU for a minimum of 7 days ...
Moore Gregory P - - 2011
Neonatology, in large part due to its population of babies born at the edge of viability, is rife with bioethical issues. This unique population is at high risk of mortality and considerable neurodevelopmental morbidity. One contentious, ongoing debate concerns whether these extremely low birth weight infants born at the border ...
Harigopal S - - 2011
Aim To establish a reference range for oxygen saturation (SpO(2)) in well preterm infants to guide home oxygen therapy using a pulse oximeter and Pulse Oximetry Data Analysis Software (PODS). Methods SpO(2) and heart-rate profiles of healthy preterm infants receiving mechanical ventilation for less than 6 h and supplemental oxygen ...
Hansen-Pupp Ingrid - - 2011
Pronounced growth restriction occurs after very preterm birth. The interaction between IGF-I, nutritional intake and growth was evaluated prospectively in 64 infants with a mean (SD) GA of 25.7 (1.9) weeks. Blood sampling of IGF-I and measurements of weight, length and head circumference were performed weekly until discharge. Daily calculation ...
Ishimaru Daichi - - 2011
Bacille Calmette-Guérin osteomyelitis in infants is a known complication of Bacille Calmette-Guérin vaccination. Treatment consists of antituberculosis chemotherapy after biopsy/curettage; however, in cases of Bacille Calmette-Guérin osteomyelitis extending to the growth plate and epiphysis, the extent and time of surgical treatment such as curettage/biopsy is unknown because of bone growth ...
Cosmi Erich - - 2011
Intrauterine growth restriction is a condition fetus does not reach its growth potential and associated with perinatal mobility and mortality. Intrauterine growth restriction is caused by placental insufficiency, which determines cardiovascular abnormalities in the fetus. This condition, moreover, should prompt intensive antenatal surveillance of the fetus as well as follow-up ...
Pearson R M - - 2011
Maternal response towards infant distress has an important impact on infant development. In animals it is established that lactation and pup suckling plays an important role in maintaining maternal responses. Previous research suggests that breastfeeding is associated with sensitive maternal responses in human mothers. However, this may be because women ...
Sayers Susan - - 2011
The main objective of the work is to compare the growth and nutritional status of Australian Aboriginal term infants born with (n = 81) and without fetal growth restriction (n = 260). A prospective birth cohort study of 341 Aboriginal babies from the Top End of the Northern Territory of ...
Sayers Susan - - 2010
The main objective of the work is to compare the growth and nutritional status of Australian Aboriginal term infants born with (n = 81) and without fetal growth restriction (n = 260). A prospective birth cohort study of 341 Aboriginal babies from the Top End of the Northern Territory of ...
Corvaglia L - - 2011
Background  Gastro-oesophageal reflux is common in preterm newborns; at present, no studies have evaluated the efficacy of sodium alginate in this population. Aim  To evaluate the effect of sodium alginate on gastro-oesophageal reflux features in preterm newborns by combined pH and impedance monitoring (pH-MII). Methods  Thirty-two symptomatic preterm newborns underwent ...
Orenstein Susan R - - 2010
Answering a need for a thoroughly validated infant gastroesophageal reflux questionnaire, the Infant Gastroesophageal Reflux Questionnaire Revised (I-GERQ-R) was designed, refined, and validated using state-of-the-art psychometric methods. Diagnostic and evaluative (tracking) validity was identified. However, perplexing results of some clinical trials using the I-GERQ-R for diagnosis prompted analysis of possible ...
Weaver L T - - 2011
The rates and patterns of growth in weight of European and North American infants have changed over the last 100 years. Since the development and first use of growth charts for postnatal health surveillance a century ago, there appears to have been an increase in the weight of 1-year olds ...
Fredrickson Laura K - - 2011
The safe lower limit of haematocrit or haemoglobin that should trigger a red blood cell (RBC) transfusion has not been defined. The objective of this study was to examine the physiological effects of anaemia and compare the acute responses to transfusion in preterm infants who were transfused at higher or ...
Silveri Massimiliano - - 2010
The finding of a urinoma in the fetal and neonatal period is almost always related to an obstruction distal to the collection itself. Syringocele is a congenital or acquired dilation of a bulbourethral Cowper's gland. An exceedingly rare case of neonatal anterior urethral obstruction caused by a syringocele and manifesting ...
Luo Chih-Cheng - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The dilated bowel segment usually involves the entire jejunum, as well as the duodenum in patients with high jejunal atresia. Classical approaches with a limited tapering enteroplasty and anastomosis frequently fail to restore intestinal function. A novel technique using duodenal derotation and extent tapering jejunoplasty (DDETJ) is reported here. ...
Chirico G - - 2010
The main functions of the nasal airway are respiration and olfaction. The nose and sinuses condition air before reaching the lower respiratory tract by providing almost 100% humidification, warming, filtering and trapping of foreign particles. The airway epithelium contributes to the host defense system. Any alteration of this clearance system ...
Allen Marilee C - - 2010
To systematically review the evidence on the use of inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) in preterm infants born at or before 34 weeks gestation age who receive respiratory support. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Studies (CENTRAL) and PsycInfo in June 2010. We also searched the proceedings ...
Salvatore Silvia - - 2010
To correlate multiple intraluminal esophageal impedance recording with pH-monitoring with symptoms. Symptoms occurring within a 2-minute window of a reflux were considered to be associated with reflux. Analyses were performed in 1- to 6-, 6- to 12-, and >12-months-old patients for crying, pain, cough, and vomiting. A total of 70 ...
Sale Steven Michael - - 2010
Premature infants have immature respiratory control that predisposes them to apnoea, haemoglobin oxygen desaturation and bradycardia. Apnoeas are loosely classified, according to the presence or absence of respiratory effort, into central, obstructive or mixed. There are a variety of conditions, in the perioperative period, that predispose an infant to apnoea, ...
Parhizkar Nooshin - - 2011
Objective : Describe airway management using nasopharyngeal airway in infants. Design : Retrospective case series (1996 to 2006). Setting : Tertiary pediatric hospital. Patients, Participants : The craniofacial database of Seattle Children's Hospital was searched to identify patients with one of the following diagnoses: micrognathia, secondary cleft palate, branchial arch ...
Kenny Simon E - - 2010
Hirschsprung's disease (HSCR) is characterized by absence of the enteric nervous system in a variable portion of the distal gut. Affected infants usually present in the days after birth with bowel obstruction. Despite surgical advances, long-term outcomes remain variable. In the last 2 decades, great advances have been made in ...
Oretti Chiara - - 2010
Defect of the intestinal musculature is a rare condition. It may cause intestinal perforation or obstruction. It manifests itself mainly in the neonatal period and usually affects preterm infants. We describe one such case, which was first diagnosed as a spontaneous isolated intestinal perforation. Emergency laparotomy was performed and showed ...
Mesrobian Hrair-George O - - 2010
PURPOSE: Ureteropelvic junction obstruction may either worsen and require surgery, improve or remain stable. It may take upward of 3 years for the natural history to unfold. Urinary proteome analysis using capillary electrophoresis mass spectrometry has been shown to differentiate between normal infants and those with ureteropelvic junction obstruction. We ...
Baek Jong Geun - - 2010
Although sodium nitroprusside (SNP) is often used in pediatric intensive care units, cyanide toxicity can occur after SNP treatment. To treat SNP-induced cyanide poisoning, antidotes such as amyl nitrite, sodium nitrite, sodium thiosulfate, and hydroxycobalamin should be administered immediately after diagnosis. Here, we report the first case of a very ...
Moscato Eve E - - 2010
To measure the height, anteroposterior, and transverse diameters of the nasolacrimal duct (NLD) in normal children between 2 weeks and 34 months of age and to compare the development of the NLD with the maxilla. Retrospective case series. Thirty-eight children with no history of NLD abnormalities who underwent prior axial ...
Kierkus Jaroslaw - - 2011
Limited data on proton pump inhibitors in infants led regulatory agencies to request sponsors to conduct pediatric studies. To determine the pharmacodynamic response to pantoprazole in infants with GERD to aid the dose selection for an efficacy study. In two open-label studies, neonates and preterm infants (study 1, ~1.2 mg/kg ...
Juza Ryan M - - 2010
Previous reports describing laparoscopic-assisted transhiatal gastric transposition for long gap esophageal atresia (LGEA) have focused on older infants (median age of 11 months). By performing this operation at an earlier age, patients may avoid esophagostomies or prolonged hospitalizations with nasoesophageal tubes. An additional benefit is the earlier introduction of oral ...
Piacentini Giorgio - - 2010
: Intestinal bacteria play an important role in the postnatal development of the immune system. The composition of gut microbiota is profoundly influenced by the infant's diet, but there is little information about the effects of soymilk on the composition of intestinal biota. The present study was designed to investigate ...
Hsu Peter - - 2010
Abstract Pyloric stenosis is a common infantile disorder typically occurring between 2 weeks and 8 weeks of age. Presentation outside this range and in premature infants is uncommon and often atypical. We present three cases, a pair of premature twins and a 5.5-month-old infant with pyloric stenosis. We highlight that ...
Turial Salmai - - 2011
We conducted a prospective feasibility study to evaluate the value of microlaparoscopic pyloromyotomy for hypertrophic pyloric stenosis in infants. All data were prospectively collected, and the procedures were documented by video recording. Patients were selected based on the availability of the equipment and consultant surgeons experienced in microlaparoscopy. Microlaparoscopic (exclusive ...
Atz Andrew M - - 2010
The purpose of this analysis was to assess preoperative risk factors before the first-stage Norwood procedure in infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome and related single-ventricle lesions and to evaluate practice patterns in prenatal diagnosis, as well as the role of prenatal diagnosis in outcome. Data from all live births ...
Mamì Carmelo - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence and outcome of isolated severe renal pelvis dilatation (RPD; APD>15<or=20 mm) in an unselected population of 2-month-old infants prospectively followed up for 12-14 months of life. Isolated severe renal pelvis dilatation was detected in 46 of the 11,801 (0.39%) infants ...
Usui Noriaki - - 2010
In the few surviving cases of tracheal agenesis, infants have not been capable of oral intake because the esophagus was used as a substitute for the trachea. We performed a three-stage reconstruction of the airway and alimentary tract in an infant with tracheal agenesis. This procedure involved a double cervical ...
Corbett Harriet J - - 2010
PURPOSE: Management of colonic atresia is contentious, with primary anastomosis having a notable risk of anastomotic leak. In addition, resection of the terminal ileum and ileocecal (i-c) valve is frequently performed, risking side effects such as diarrhea, vitamin B(12) deficiency, and gall stone formation. METHODS: The hospital coding system was ...
Farrugia Marie-Klaire - - 2011
To analyse the long-term outcome of 16 infants with primary obstructive megaureter managed by (endoscopic or open) stenting over a 10-year period. A retrospective case-note and imaging review was performed between 1997 and 2007. Data are presented as medians (range) and were compared using the Mann-Whitney test. Sixteen infants with19 ...
Lüthold Samuel C - - 2010
AIM: To assess the agreement within 3 commonly used symptom-reflux association analysis (SAA) parameters investigating gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in infants. METHODS: Twenty three infants with suspected GERD were included in this study. Symptom index (SI), Symptom sensitivity index (SSI) and symptom association probability (SAP) related to cough and irritability ...
Atasay Begum - - 2010
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of the antireflux barrier formed by Na alginate on pH-metry-defined acid reflux events in preterms. Four times/day, 1 mL/kg of Na alginate was administered as an intervention to the preterm infants whose gastroesophageal reflux disease was confirmed by 24-hour pH ...
Al-Adnani Mudher - - 2011
Abstract We present 4 cases of sudden infant death in which we believe that gastroesophageal reflux (GOR) was a contributory, if not a causative, factor. Two of our patients had documented GOR reflux disease during life, and all 4 cases showed histologic evidence of GOR. No other cause of death ...
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