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Luntamo Mari - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To examine the potential to reduce foetal and neonatal growth faltering through intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy (IPTp) of malaria and reproductive tract infections with monthly sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP), alone or with two doses of azithromycin. METHODS: We enrolled 1320 women with uncomplicated second trimester pregnancies into a randomised, partially ...
Shavit Itai - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Based on the 2010 Israeli Medical Association recommendations, young children with suspected urinary tract infection (UTI) are mildly sedated with oral or intranasal midazolam to reduce the distress associated with urethral catheterisation (UC). The primary objective of this study was to examine the rate of urine culture contamination (UCC) ...
Yang Jiale - - 2013
The current study examined color constancy in infants using a familiarization paradigm. We first obtained isoluminance in each infant as defined by the minimum motion paradigm and used these data to control the luminance of stimuli in the main experiments. In the familiarization phase of the main experiment, two identical ...
Nieuwenhuijze Marianne J - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: to explore whether choices in birthing positions contributes to women's sense of control during birth. DESIGN: survey using a self-report questionnaire. Multiple regression analyses were used to investigate which factors associated with choices in birthing positions affected women's sense of control. SETTING: midwifery practices in the Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: 1030 ...
Lunsing Roelineke J - - 2013
Background:To investigate in a prospective case-control study whether moderate hyperbilirubinemia in healthy term neonates is associated with an increase of minor neurological dysfunction (MND) and behavioral problems up to 18 months.Method:We recruited forty three healthy term infants with a bilirubine level 220 µmol/l at 72-96 hours postnatally at the University Medical ...
Raper Jessica J Department of Psychology, Emory University, 36 Eagle Row, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA. - - 2013
Amygdala dysfunction and abnormal fear and stress reactivity are common features of several developmental neuropsychiatric disorders. Yet, little is known about the exact role the amygdala plays in the development of threat detection and emotional modulation. The current study examined the effects of neonatal amygdala lesions on defensive, emotional, and ...
Jonsson Maria - - 2013
Abstract Objective To evaluate if acidemia in vigorous infants is useful in the assessment of intrapartum care with regard to cardiotocographic (CTG) patterns during the second stage. Methods Cases (n=241) were infants with an umbilical artery pH < 7.05, controls (n= 482) were infants with pH ≥ 7.05. Apgar score ...
Jadcherla Sudarshan R SR Section of Neonatology, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH 43205, USA. - - 2013
We aimed to define the sensorimotor characteristics of aero-digestive reflexes evoked upon midesophageal provocations in neuropathology infants. Provocative esophageal motility testing was performed in 20 neuropathology infants and 10 controls at 42.3 ± 0.6 and 38.9 ± 0.9 wk postmenstrual age. Data from 1,073 infusions were examined for the sensory ...
Kong Juin Yee - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the utility of continuous quantitative end-tidal CO(2) (Etco(2)) monitoring for managing assisted ventilation in the delivery room (DR). STUDY DESIGN: This is a prospective randomized controlled trial. Infants who received positive pressure ventilation (PPV) were randomized to a control versus a monitored arm. In the monitored arm, ...
Cignetti Fabien - - 2013
Although there is suggestive evidence that a link exists between independent walking and the ability to establish anticipatory strategy to stabilize posture, the extent to which this skill facilitates the development of anticipatory postural control remains largely unknown. Here, we examined the role of independent walking on the infants' ability ...
Claure Nelson - - 2013
Oxygen therapy is extensively used in premature infants and adults with respiratory insufficiency. In the premature infant the goal during manual control of the F(IO(2)) is to maintain adequate oxygenation and to minimize the exposure to hypoxemia, hyperoxemia, and oxygen. However, this is frequently not achieved during routine care, which ...
Martinez A - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Acquired methemoglobinemia (MHb) induced in infants by intake of vegetables is a condition uncommonly reported in the literature. The purpose of this study was to study new vegetables involved and other epidemiological risk factors. METHODS: Seventy eight cases of diet-induced MHb seen in Pamplona from 1987 to 2010 are ...
Nir Vered - - 2013
Ethnic differences in the incidence of spitting up have not been reported. The nursing team at our well-baby nursery observed that newborn infants of Ethiopian origin appeared to spit up more than the others. To determine whether there are such ethnic differences and what, if anything, is their clinical relevance. ...
Moe-Byrne Thirimon - - 2013
Naloxone, a specific opiate antagonist, is available for the treatment of newborn infants with cardiorespiratory or neurological depression that may be due to intrauterine exposure to opiate. It is unclear whether newborn infants may benefit from this therapy and whether naloxone has any harmful effects. To determine the effect of ...
Kawaguchi Atsushi - - 2013
Most deaths of infants with chronic lung disease (CLD) are caused by respiratory failure, unremitting pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH) with cor pulmonale, or infection. Although the exact prevalence of PAH in infants with CLD is unknown, infants with CLD and severe PAH have a high mortality rate. Except for oxygen ...
Rezaeian Shahab - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between congenital hypothyroidism and several variables using two different adjustment methods. This matched case-control study was conducted in Hamadan Province, the west of Iran, in 2012 enrolling neonates born between 2005 and 2011 and covered by screening program for congenital ...
Mai Volker - - 2013
Late onset sepsis (LOS) is a major contributor to neonatal morbidity and mortality, especially in premature infants. Distortions in the establishment of normal gut microbiota, commensal microbes that colonize the digestive tract, might increase the risk of LOS via disruption of the mucosal barrier with resultant translocation of luminal contents. ...
Hon Kam Lun - - 2013
We report a term neonate with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy who underwent a 72-hour therapeutic hypothermia. He developed unstable body temperature associated with coagulase negative staphylococcus septicemia 2 weeks later which was promptly treated with intravenous antibiotics and made a good recovery. PubMed (a service of the U.S. National Library of ...
Castillo-Melendez Margie - - 2013
Brief but severe asphyxia in late gestation or at the time of birth may lead to neonatal hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy and is associated with long-term neurodevelopmental impairment. We undertook this study to examine the consequences of transient in utero asphyxia in late gestation fetal sheep, on the newborn lamb after ...
Luo Ya Li - - 2013
The etiology of birth defects has been widely studied but is not yet fully clarified, previously published data had suggested that maternal age or parity maybe involved, but without consistent conclusions. A population-based, case-control study was nested in a cohort of perinatal infants born from 2010 to 2012 in Baoan ...
Wong Flora - - 2013
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is a leading cause of infant death, and prone sleeping is the major risk factor. Prone sleeping impairs arousal from sleep and cardiovascular control in infants at 2-3 months, coinciding with the highest risk period for SIDS. We hypothesized that prone sleeping would also alter ...
Benkoe Thomas T Department of Pediatric Surgery, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria. - - 2013
A prospective study to investigate the pattern of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokine responses in neonates with surgical necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and identify those cytokines being the most promising for future research. A panel of 11 different cytokines were measured in 9 infants with proven NEC and compared with 18 age-matched ...
Hennus Marije P MP Department of Paediatric Intensive Care, Wilhelmina Children's Hospital / University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The - - 2013
Respiratory insufficiency due to severe respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection is the most frequent cause of paediatric intensive care unit admission in infants during the winter season. Previous studies have shown increased levels of inflammatory mediators in airways of mechanically ventilated children compared to spontaneous breathing children with viral bronchiolitis. ...
Naghavi-Behzad Mohammad M Students' Research Committee, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, - - 2013
Congenital heart diseases are of immense importance and also a high prevalence. Contributing factors to developing these defects have not been abundantly studied. Therefore, the current study was conducted aiming at determining the effective factors on Congenital Heart Disease (CHD) in newborn infants of Northwest Iran. A case-control study was ...
Dani Carlo C Department of Surgical and Medical Critical Care, Section of Neonatology, Careggi University Hospital, Viale Morgagni 85, Florence 50141, Italy. - - 2013
Some studies have suggested that the early sustained lung inflation (SLI) procedure is effective in decreasing the need for mechanical ventilation (MV) and improving respiratory outcome in preterm infants. We planned the present randomized controlled trial to confirm or refute these findings. In this study, 276 infants born at 25(+0) ...
Au Cheryl P CP Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia. - - 2013
This study aims to describe body composition in term infants of mothers with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) compared with infants of mothers with normal glucose tolerance (NGT). This cross-sectional study included 599 term babies born at Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, Australia. Neonatal body fat percentage (BF%) was measured within ...
Van Marter Linda J LJ Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA. - - 2013
Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) is a clinical syndrome of late-preterm and full-term infants associated with failure of the normal fetal-to-neonatal circulatory transition. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that risk for PPHN is increased after antenatal exposure to nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), with particular emphasis ...
Nguyen Chinh D - - 2012
Sighs are thought to have a role in regulating breathing control. They may preceed a central apnea (sigh-CA) or a pause (sigh-P), particularly in quiet sleep. Recent techniques characterizing cardiorespiratory synchronization (CRS) provide sensitive measures of cardiorespiratory coupling, which is an important factor in breathing control. We speculated that the ...
Ang Jocelyn Y JY Division of Infectious Diseases, Carman and Ann Adams Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Michigan, Detroit, MI 48201, USA. - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of massage therapy (MT) on the immune system of preterm infants. The primary hypothesis was that MT compared with sham therapy (control) will enhance the immune system of stable premature infants by increasing the proportion of their natural killer (NK) ...
Bayou Getachew - - 2012
Perinatal mortality is reported to be five times higher in developing than in developed nations. Little is known about the commonly associated risk factors for perinatal mortality in Southern Nations National Regional State of Ethiopia. A case control study for perinatal mortality was conducted in University hospital between 2008 and ...
Normann Erik - - 2012
AIM: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) represents one of the gravest complications in premature infants. The suggested role of intestinal microbiota in the development of NEC needs to be elucidated. METHODS: This prospective single centre case-control study applied barcoded pyrosequencing to map the bacterial composition of faecal samples from extremely preterm infants. ...
Elmas Ahmet Taner - - 2012
BACKGROUND: We aimed to compare serum cystatin C levels (sCysC) in preterm neonates with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) with a control group and to investigate whether it could be used as a predictor for acute kidney injury (AKI). METHODS: sCysC was measured in 62 neonates with RDS (n = 28) and control ...
Yiallourou Stephanie R - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Autonomic dysfunction, either sympathetic or parasympathetic, may explain the increased incidence of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) among preterm infants, as well as their subsequent heightened risk of hypertension in adulthood. As little is known about the development of autonomic function in preterm infants, we contrasted autonomic cardiovascular control ...
Hansson L - - 2012
Infants with moderate to severe congenital heart disease (CHD) are at a higher risk for growth failure and malnutrition due to increased metabolic demands and inadequate energy intake. This state requires meals that are more frequent and a special enriched diet, which may have negative implications on oral health. To ...
Demirci Jill Radtke JR University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, General Academic Pediatrics, 3414 Fifth Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, United - - 2012
This study examined breastfeeding and sleep in 77 dyads of mothers and infants 6-11 months old. Data revealed no significant difference in sleep patterns between breastfed and non-breastfed infants. Controlling for variables including breastfeeding status, only infant nighttime sleep duration was significant in predicting maternal short sleep duration.
McCain Gail C - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: The transition from gavage to nipple feeding is difficult for preterm infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia because of tachypnea and hypoxemia from chronic respiratory distress. OBJECTIVE:: The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that preterm infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia who transitioned from gavage to nipple feeding with ...
Nannini Angela - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To compare outcomes from uterine ruptures (UR) among women without versus with a prior cesarean. Method: This case-control study matched on gestational age ± 1 week and birth year ± 2 years using a variable numbers of controls (maximum= 4) for each case. All URs in Massachusetts between ...
Parker Mary E - - 2012
There are significant challenges involved in the perinatal and postnatal care of an infant with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) and the infant's family. In the blink of an eye, the perfect child is lost, and a fragile infant is about to join the family. This case study and discussion ...
Johnston Ewen D - - 2012
Therapeutic hypothermia is a time critical intervention for infants who have experienced a hypoxic-ischaemic event. Previously reported methods of cooling during transport do not demonstrate the same stability achieved in the neonatal unit. The authors developed a system which allowed provision of servo-controlled cooling throughout transport, and present their first ...
Bancalari Eduardo - - 2012
Maintenance of oxygen saturation targets is a demanding and tedious task because of the frequency with which oxygenation changes, especially in small infants receiving prolonged respiratory support. It is clear that the achievement of oxygenation targets can be improved by a higher nurse-to-patient ratio and by intense staff training. Automated ...
Jiang Ze D - - 2012
Aim:  To examine brainstem auditory function and detect any abnormality at term in preterm infants after neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). Methods:  Brainstem auditory evoked response (BAER) was recorded at 21/sec and 60 dB nHL in 37 preterm infants who had NEC. The data obtained at term equivalent age were analyzed ...
Abella Raul - - 2012
Abstract Background: Low cardiac output syndrome (LCOS) remains a major perioperative complications in infants subjected to open heart surgery with cardiopulmonary by-pass (CPB). The present study investigated whether perioperative blood assessment of a potent vasoactive peptide namely adrenomedullin (AM) can predict the risk of LCOS. Methods: We measured AM levels ...
Simsic Janet - - 2012
This report presents management strategies after cardiopulmonary bypass surgery for an infant with community-acquired rhinovirus bronchiolitis. The case report emphasizes human rhinovirus as a lower respiratory pathogen, the difficulty treating the complications of human rhinovirus for an infant with cyanotic congenital heart disease after cardiac surgery, and the importance of ...
Berger Thomas M - - 2012
Although approximately 10% of all newborn infants receive some form of assistance after birth, only 1% of neonates require more advanced measures of life support. Because such situations cannot always be anticipated, paediatricians and neonatologists are frequently unavailable and resuscitation is delegated to the anaesthesiologist. The International Liaison Committee on ...
Nimbalkar Somashekhar M - - 2012
An 11-mo-old infant received 12.5 times the maximum therapeutic dose of amlodipine as a result of a medication error in lieu of amoxicillin. He presented with vomiting, lethargy, breathlessness, muffled heart sounds and progressed to hypotensive shock within three hours of admission. He received mechanical ventilation, fluid therapy with normal ...
Saeed Zahra'a Mohamed - - 2012
Because of their physical size and physiological immaturity, resuscitation of extremely very low birth weight premature infants is a big dilemma for neonatologists in any hospital. The resuscitation may present an additional challenge to the caregiver if it is undertaken in a remote community hospital with limited technical facilities and ...
Leriger Michelle - - 2012
Dexmedetomidine is a highly selective α2 -adrenergic agonist approved for short-term sedation and monitored anesthesia care in adults. Although not approved for use in the pediatric population, an increasing number of reports describe its use in pediatric patients during the intraoperative period and in the intensive care unit. Dexmedetomidine can ...
Kachko Ludmyla - - 2012
To compare hemodynamic parameters in infants with congenital heart disease (CHD) undergoing noncardiac surgery (NCS) under awake spinal anesthesia (SA) with controls without CHD also undergoing SA. NCS poses a twofold higher mortality risk in infants with CHD. SA might be a good alternative to general anesthesia (GA) in this ...
Kim Jung-Won - - 2012
Resection of large sacrococcygeal teratomas (SCTs) in premature neonates has been associated with significant perinatal mortality, making this a high risk procedure requiring careful anesthetic management. Most deaths during resection of SCTs are due to cardiac arrest caused by electrolyte imbalances, such as hyperkalemia, and massive bleeding during surgery. We ...
Van Zutphen Alissa R - - 2012
Although hyperthermia is a recognized animal teratogen and maternal fever has been associated with birth defects in humans, data on the relationship between high environmental temperatures and birth defects are limited. To determine whether pregnancies are potentially vulnerable to the weather extremes anticipated with climate change, we evaluated the relationship ...
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