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Corvaglia Luigi L Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, Neonatology and Neonatal Intensive Care Unit - S. Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, University of Bologna, - - 2014
Background:Intermittent and continuous tube feeding are commonly used to feed preterm infants. However, there is no clear evidence which method is better tolerated. We investigated the differences between bolus and continuous feeding in terms of cerebral and splanchnic oxygenation in healthy preterm infants.Methods:Thirty preterm infants underwent a simultaneous 6-hour near-infrared-spectroscopy ...
Carrillo Elena - - 2014
A grandmother of seven and childbirth educator shares her daughter's successful vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) birth story in Switzerland.
Stephens Anne A The Cairns Institute. - - 2014
A study examined the appropriateness and likelihood of usage of the north American Period of PURPLE Crying® intervention program in far north Queensland, to educate families about the risk of infant abusive head trauma (AHT)/shaken baby syndrome. A mixed-method cross-sectional study with a questionnaire and semi-structured interview was conducted with ...
Bryanton Janet - - 2013
Many learning needs arise in the early postpartum period, and it is important to examine interventions used to educate new parents about caring for their newborns during this time. The primary objective was to assess the effects of structured postnatal education delivered to an individual or group related to infant ...
Hawkins Summer Sherburne SS Boston College, , Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts, - - 2014
To examine compliance with the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) as well as evaluate the BFHI and its components on breastfeeding initiation and duration overall and according to maternal education level. Quasi-experimental study using data from the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) from 2004 to 2008. Birth facilities in Maine. ...
Loggins Shondra - - 2013
This paper has two objectives. First, we examine the Black-White disparity in the U.S. infant mortality rate (IMR) between 1995 and 2009, and explore the influence of socioeconomic characteristics (e.g., marital status, education, and prenatal care) on this racial gap. Second, we calculate projected IMRs and compare these results to ...
Carlsen Fredrik - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The social disparity in perinatal mortality may vary by the age of the offspring. We studied offspring mortality from pregnancy week 16 until 1 year after birth by maternal educational level. METHODS: We included all births in Norwegian women during the years 1999-2004 (n = 297 663). The Medical ...
Smylie Janet - - 2013
Objectives. With a focus on socioeconomic position, we examined the association between maternal education and nonsupine infant sleep position, and examined patterns of effect modification with additional sociodemographic, maternal, infant, and health services predictors. Methods. Data were from the Maternity Experiences Survey, a national population-based sample of 76 178 new Canadian ...
Ra Jin Suk - - 2012
This study was done to develop a video discharge education program focusing on mother-infant interaction to facilitate the development of maternal role confidence for mothers of premature infants. The process of the program was based on the Network-based Instructional System Design suggested by Jung (1999). For the content of the ...
Ferguson Sally - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To undertake a structured review of the literature to determine the effect of antenatal education on labour and birth, particularly normal birth. METHOD: Ovid Medline, CINAHL, Cochrane and Web of Knowledge databases were searched to identify research articles published in English from 2000 to 2012, using specified search terms ...
Jain Dipty L - - 2012
There is limited data on the incidence of sickle cell anemia in Central India; we therefore conducted a study to estimate the incidence of this disease in Central India. Mothers who delivered a live baby at the Government Medical College, Nagpur, India were screened for the presence of the sickle ...
Kotecha Rishi Sury - - 2012
Translocation of the EPS15 oncogene is rare in infant acute lymphoblastic leukemia, whereas the MLL gene is rearranged in 80% of cases. Molecular characterization of t(1;11)(p32;q23) in a monozygotic infant twin pair with acute lymphoblastic leukemia identified an identical, novel translocation between the MLL and EPS15 loci at both the ...
Christensen Robert D - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:Both high and low lymphocyte counts at birth have been associated with adverse outcomes. However, the validity of defining a lymphocyte count as "abnormal" depends on having an accurate reference range. We established a reference range for neonatal lymphocyte counts by using multihospital data and used this to ...
Perkins Ellen E Department of Community and Family Medicine, Duke University, Durham, NC 27710, - - 2012
To determine whether aberrant DNA methylation at differentially methylated regions (DMRs) regulating insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2) expression in umbilical cord blood is associated with overweight or obesity in a multiethnic cohort. Umbilical cord blood leukocytes of 204 infants born between 2005 and 2009 in Durham, North Carolina, were analyzed ...
Watts Kimberly Danieli - - 2012
States develop specific protocols for cystic fibrosis (CF) newborn screening to reflect the population served. We hypothesized that mutation distribution and detection rates would differ between Hispanic and non-Hispanic CF patients diagnosed by IL newborn screen with more Hispanic infants carrying mutations not detected by the state panel. Data from ...
Correa-Rocha Rafael - - 2012
Introduction:Current advances in neonatology have improved survival among preterm and low-birth-weight infants. However, the risk of neonatal death in preterm infants is much greater than in full-term neonates and is frequently associated with infections.Methods:Little is known about the immune status of preterm neonates; therefore, we analyzed the frequency and absolute ...
Puck Jennifer M JM Division of Allergy, Immunology and Bone Marrow Transplantation, Department of Pediatrics, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143-0519, USA. - - 2012
The most profound primary immunodeficiency disease, severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID), is fatal in infancy unless affected infants are provided with an adaptive immune system through allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation, enzyme replacement, or gene therapy. However, most infants with SCID lack a family history or any clinical clues before the onset ...
Cáceres-Delpiano Julio - - 2012
In this work, I study the impact of fertility on mothers' employment for a sample of developing countries. Using the event of multiple births as an instrumental variable (IV) for fertility, I find that having children has a negative impact on female employment. In addition, three types of heterogeneity are ...
Bongaarts John - - 2011
During the past half century, fertility declines have been pervasive in Asia and Latin America. Between the early 1950s and the early 2000s, the total fertility rate (TFR)-the average number of live births a woman would have during her lifetime, assuming constant fertility rates-dropped from 5.7 to 2.4 births per ...
Gribble Karleen D - - 2011
Women have the right to support that enables them to breastfeed. Supporting breastfeeding in emergencies is important because artificial feeding places mothers and children at risk. In emergencies, artificial feeding is dangerous to the infant, difficult and requires substantial resources. In contrast, breastfeeding guards infant health. It is also protective ...
Zhang Yujia - - 2011
To assess the validity of probabilistic linkage (PL) in combining national surveillance data on assisted reproductive technology (ART) with Massachusetts birth and infant death data, for the purpose of monitoring maternal and child health outcomes of ART. A study conducted in 2006 utilized direct identifiers to match Massachusetts birth records ...
Guzzo Karen Benjamin - - 2011
Research on unintended fertility tends to focus on births as isolated events. This article expands previous research by examining the relationship between early unintended childbearing and subsequent fertility dynamics in the United States. Data from the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth show that 27.5% of mothers report an unintended ...
Marshall Charla - - 2011
Conjoined twins are born when a single fertilized egg partially splits into two fetuses. A hypothetical case of infant conjoined twins from Angel Mounds, a Middle Mississippian site (A.D. 1050-1400) on the Ohio River near Evansville, Indiana, was discovered in 1941. Morphological analysis does not rule out the field interpretation ...
Whitton Gerald B GB Section of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center-Shreveport, Shreveport, Louisiana 71130, - - 2011
Glycohemoglobins (GHb) are the products of irreversible non-enzymatic reactions between glucose and the hemoglobin molecule. Glycosylation of proteins in general can modify protein structure and alter catalytic properties, thereby causing cellular dysfunction. The aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that protein glycosylation levels in premature infants ...
Obaldia Iii Nicanor - - 2011
Background  The long-term effect of a PVC pipe nest-box on the reproductive efficiency and other life traits of an Aotus monkey-breeding colony have not been characterized. Methods and Results  We analyzed laboratory records of the Gorgas Memorial Institute (GMI) Aotus monkey colony in Panama for the period 1999-2010 and found ...
Sutherland Petra - - 2011
Preface:  Egg donation by another woman in New Zealand and elsewhere has become a successful solution for childless couples who want to have a baby. In vitro fertilization (IVF) was first undertaken in New Zealand in 1983 (1). Approximately 5 in 100 couples have IVF in New Zealand, and 450 ...
Robson Shannen L - - 2011
While humans usually give birth to singletons, dizygotic twinning occurs at low rates in all populations worldwide. We evaluate two hypotheses that have differing expectations about the effects of bearing twins on maternal lifetime reproduction and survival. The maternal depletion hypothesis argues that mothers of twins will suffer negative outcomes ...
Pepiak Derek L - - 2011
RATIONALE: The role of infant formula aspiration in lung injury has not been studied extensively. We evaluated the effects of a single infant formula aspiration into the lungs of mice and the effect of infant formula exposure on cell lines representing murine alveolar macrophages and type II epithelial cells. OBJECTIVES: ...
Yalindag-Ozturk Nilufer - - 2011
Abstract We present a case of a critically ill infant with severe multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa pneumonia and bacteremia who was treated with garlic and antibiotics after in vitro demonstration of a change in the resistance pattern via the disc diffusion method on garlic-treated Mueller Hinton agar. To our knowledge, this ...
Kalra Suleena Kansal SK Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, - - 2011
The majority of perinatal morbidity after in vitro fertilization (IVF) is due to multiple pregnancy; however, even singleton infants are at an increased risk for adverse outcomes. We have summarized data that evaluates adverse outcomes in IVF infants and recent attempts to delineate the underlying causes of this risk. We ...
Temming Petra - - 2011
Introduction.?Acute hyperglycemia is considered as a pro-inflammatory state and is related to an adverse outcome in critically ill adults. Neonates are susceptible to infections and systemic inflammatory response syndrome induced by pro-inflammatory cytokines. This study focuses on the interaction between neonatal glucose homeostasis and the pro-inflammatory cytokine production in term ...
van Esch Betty C A M - - 2011
Hypoallergenic infant formulas are commonly used for genetically predisposed children and infants diagnosed with cow's milk allergy. This study describes both in vitro and in vivo approaches to assess residual allergenicity of partially hydrolysed infant formulas. Electrophoretic patterns indicated that β-lactoglobulin and other whey proteins were largely degraded. For safety ...
Rafferty Anthony R - - 2011
Leatherback turtles have an average global hatching success rate of ~50%, lower than other marine turtle species. Embryonic death has been linked to environmental factors such as precipitation and temperature, although, there is still a lot of variability that remains to be explained. We examined how nesting season, the time ...
Clements Shaun - - 2011
There is some concern that incidental consumption of eggs cured with commercially available cures for the purpose of sport fishing causes mortality in juvenile salmon. We evaluated this by feeding juvenile spring Chinook (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) and steelhead (O. mykiss) with eggs cured with one of five commercially available cures. We ...
Benito-Fernández Javier - - 2010
We included 3088 well-appearing infants aged between 3 and 36 months with fever without a source with a blood culture done as part of their study of fever. Rate of positive blood cultures for Streptococcus pneumoniae occult bacteremia (OB) was 0.58%. Rate of OB caused by PCV7-serotypes and nonvaccine serotypes ...
Silva Antônio Augusto Moura da - - 2010
To examine whether the low birth weight (LBW) paradox exists in Brazil. LBW and cesarean section rates between 1995 and 2007 were estimated based on data from SINASC (Brazilian Live Births Database). Infant mortality rates (IMRs) were obtained using an indirect method that correct for underreporting. Schooling information was obtained ...
Pattenden Sam - - 2011
Background Improving the health of expectant mothers and reductions in health inequalities, are repeatedly prioritised in policy reports in England and Northern Ireland. Measurement of underlying rates, and geographical variation in rates, of adverse birth outcomes are tools in monitoring these priorities. Methods Northern Ireland data on stillbirths, infant mortality ...
Synnes Anne R - - 2010
To evaluate the mortality and long-term morbidity rates of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants admitted to neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). This was a longitudinal cohort study of all admissions born between 1983 and 2003 with birth weight ≤ 800 g at a single tertiary NICU. Trends in survival ...
Steuer Faye B - - 2010
In a study often referred to as "classic," Condry and Condry (1976) showed a videotaped infant to participants, telling half of them the infant was a boy and half it was a girl. Participants who thought they were viewing a boy rated the infant's reaction to a jack-in-the-box as anger; ...
Guzzo Karen Benjamin - - 2010
Research on nonmarital fertility has focused almost exclusively on unmarried mothers, due in part to a lack of fertility information for men. Cycle 6 of the National Survey of Family Growth allows exploration of nonmarital fertility for both genders. We compare the characteristics of unmarried first-time mothers (n = 2,455) ...
Yang Zhou - - 2010
PURPOSE: After declining for over a decade, the birth rate in the United States for adolescents aged 15-19 years increased by 3% in 2006 and 1% again in 2007. We examined demographic and policy reasons for this trend at state level. METHODS: With data merged from multiple sources, descriptive analysis ...
Moragianni Vasiliki A - - 2010
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Despite the promising success rates of IVF, many couples have to undergo several cycles before achieving live birth. In counseling patients faced with subfertility, it is important to provide cumulative live-birth rates. This review evaluates the current knowledge on cumulative rates, summarizing recently published evidence. RECENT FINDINGS: ...
Hinton Cynthia F - - 2010
Primary congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is a common and preventable cause of intellectual disability. The incidence rate of CH has been reported to be increasing in the United States, but the factors behind the observed rate increase are not known. We summarize here the data presented at a workshop on CH, ...
Bader David - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The goals were to assess risk factors and mortality rate changes over time and to develop simple estimates of mortality rates for specific groups of infants at 23 to 26 weeks of gestation. METHODS: Data from the Israel national very low birth weight infant database on 3768 infants born ...
Large Matthew - - 2010
Previous studies have found that rates of homicide of children aged under one (infant homicide) are associated with rates of suicide, but not with rates of homicide. Linear regression was used to examine associations among infant homicide, homicide, and suicide in samples of regions in the United States and other ...
Lester David - - 2010
The suicide rate in 1990 of the nine major regions in Scotland was not associated with marriage, birth, mortality, or infant mortality rates.
Pschibul Alex - - 2010
Congenital hyperinsulinism is considered to be the most frequent cause of persistent recurrent hypoglycaemia in infants. The clinical presentation and response to pharmacological treatment may vary significantly depending on the underlying pathology. We report a case of a female infant with mild but early onset of recurrent hypoglycaemia. Metabolic workup ...
Max Bryan A - - 2010
Dexmedetomidine is an α2 adrenergic agonist which has recently been approved in the United States for procedural sedation in adults. This report describes an infant who inadvertently received an intravenous infusion of dexmedetomidine at a rate which was 60 times greater than intended. We describe the hemodynamic, respiratory, and sedative ...
Heron Melonie - - 2010
The number of births in the United States increased between 2006 and 2007 (preliminary estimate of 4,317,119) and is the highest ever recorded. Birth rates increased among all age groups (15 to 44 years); the increase among teenagers is contrary to a long-term pattern of decline during 1991-2005. The total ...
Mori Naoyo - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Although teen birth rates have declined significantly since 1991, teen pregnancy remains a significant public health problem in Milwaukee, Wis. Using historical teen birth data trends, this study sets a birth rate reduction goal by the year 2015 for Milwaukee teenagers between the ages of 15 and 17. METHODS: ...
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