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Waddell C E - - 1982
This paper reports research which examines the relations between select social morphological factors of population size and density and rates of death due to malignant neoplasms among males and females within countries in the north-east and west regions of the U.S.A. between 1960 and 1970. Generally it was found that ...
Holinger P C - - 1982
Time trends are presented for suicide, homicide and accident mortality rates in the United States, 1900-1975. These data suggest that national mortality rates for suicide, homicide and motor-vehicle accidents tend to be parallel over time. Non-motor-vehicle accidents, while showing some fluctuations similar to those of other forms of violent deaths, ...
Liestøl K - - 1981
Historical trends for stillbirth rates in Norway are used to study the possible effect of suboptimal conditions early in life upon later reproductive function. A comparison of the trend for the stillbirth rate and the trend for mortality reveals some clear differences. While the mortality shows a steadily falling trend ...
Berry R J - - 1981
There were remarkable differences in the rates of admission to hospital for gastroenteritis of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal infants and children in Western Australia during the eight-year period, 1971 to 1978. Although Aborigines made up only 3.7% of the State's population under five years in 1976 (the last census year) they ...
Duff G B - - 1981
One hundred and forty patients were subjected to ultrasound examination at about 34 weeks of gestation. Using the product of the biparietal diameter measurement and either the fetal abdominal circumference or abdominal area measurement, it was possible to predict three-quarters of both large for dates infants (false positive rate, 21.3%) ...
Rothberg A D - - 1981
The infant nonmetered Pleurevac was studied under laboratory conditions. Evacuation of a spirometer was measured at various negative pressures through the infant thoracostomy tubes routinely used in the clinical setting. In addition, a tension pneumothorax model was designed, and factors affecting its evacuation rate were studied. In accordance with Poiseuille's ...
- - 1981
Since launching planned parenthood work in 1975 in Guizhou, the birth rate has begun to decrease each year. In the past 6 years, 1.66 million births were prevented. Some 8 years ago, the natural population growth rate in the province was as high as 31/1000. According to statistics, in 1980, ...
Wilbanks W - - 1982
Since a literature review produced no study of violent death rates over time among the elderly, the author presents data to suggest the extent to which rates for homicide, suicide, all accidents, motor vehicle accidents, and other accidents have changed in the U.S. for each age category from 1960 to ...
Imaizumi Y - - 1981
The rate of infant mortality of triplet individuals (deaths under one year of age) was computed using 34 sets of triplets born in the first half of 1974. The rates were 8.82%, 9.68%, and 10.34% for the first-, second-, and the third-born triplets, respectively. For males and females the rates ...
Hook E B - - 1980
Trisomy 13 (Patau syndrome) is rare in newborns. Data on rates in 167,774 live births from 17 separate studies are reviewed, and the following pooled rates found for: (1) 47,trisomy 13, 8.3 X 10(-5) (1/12,000); and (2) 46, (D/13 Robertsonian translocations), 4.2 X 10(-5) (1/24,000)--mutants, 1.2 X 10(-5) (1/80,000) to ...
Sanderson H F - - 1980
There are large variations in cataract extraction rates between different regions of England, which may indicate differences in the availability of the operation in different parts of the country. Analysis shows that there is a relationship between the availability of ophthalmic beds and operation rates, but it is not possible ...
Shy K K - - 1980
The annual rate of out-of-hospital deliveries in Washington State increased from 1.6% in 1975, to 2.4% in 1977. Birth certificates, linked birth and death certificates files, and log books from tertiary referral hospitals were used to investigate this trend. As parity increased, rates of home delivery (HD) also increased (p ...
Murphy G E - - 1980
Following the demonstration by Solomon and Hellon that in the past 30 years, successive birth cohorts in Alberta, Canada, carry successively higher suicide risks as they age, we examined data by birth cohort in the Vital Statistics of the United States by race and sex over a similar period. We ...
Farley R - - 1980
Unlike most other causes of death, homicide has been increasing in the United States, especially since the mid-1960s. Its impact is greatest among nonwhite men. The elimination of homicide would add approximately one and one-half years to their life span. This analysis examines trends and differentials using vital statistics data ...
Palloni A - - 1980
Summary It is well known that estimates of infant mortality obtained using Brass's technique are very accurate. Biases are introduced, however, when one or more of the assumptions on which it relies are violated. Departures from the assumption of constant fertility may be handled by using a variant of the ...
Lindroth M - - 1980
The short-term outcome with survival rate, causes of death and neonatal complications in a 6-year material comprising 253 infants treated with intermittent positive pressure ventilation (IPPV) in the neonatal period has been analyzed in relation to different primary disorders necessitating IPPV treatment. The total survival rate was 53%. For the ...
Brackenridge C J - - 1980
The bimodal monthly birth distribution of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) in Victoria, Australia, is shown to be similar within and among sibships, so that intrafamilial concentration of births around March (mode 1) or September (mode 2) cannot explain the observed periodic pattern. Mode 2 children are subject to a ...
Trana A K - - 1980
The rates of synthesis and breakdown of phospholipids in growing of Nocardia polychromogenes were investigated by means of a pulse-labelling technique using 32PO4(3)-. The results indicated that phospholipids were broken down and phosphatidylinositol mannosides had a high turnover rate. The other two main components, cardiolipin and phosphatidylethanolamine, had a relatively ...
Hudson R P - - 1980
This paper investigates variations in the characteristics of victims of violence in the four regions of North Carolina: the mountains, piedmont, coastal plains, and tidewater. Distinct patterns of homicide and suicide are found in each of these regions. The montains are characterized by high rates of suicide and low rates ...
Sunderland R - - 1979
The birth rates for all neural tube defects and the mortality rates from spina bifida and encephalocele have been obtained for Sheffield children by examining the congenital anomalies register and death certificates during the period from 1963-1978. The introduction of atenatal alpha foetoprotein screening of all pregnant women in 1977 ...
Chamove A - - 1979
33 species were compared for 12 disease categories over 3 years of laboratory housing. There were low correlations between popularity, birth, death, and illness rates. Highest rates were: birth, Macaca nemestrina; illness, Pongo pygmaeus; death, Cercopithecus aethiops. Lowest rates were: birth, Lemur catta; illness, Sanguinus mystax; death, Galago crassicaudatus. Galago ...
Turpeinen O - - 1979
Summary In this paper the development of fertility and mortality in Finland, and their interrelations with each other and with economic factors is discussed. An analysis by individual years shows that rises and falls in mortality and fertility rates did not always coincide with poor and good harvests. Fertility in ...
Gygax A P - - 1979
The surprisingly rapid rate of uterine involution detected is consistent with a high rate of conception as the first post-partum heat. Furthermore, many of the immediately post-partum features have attained the pregravid state by the end of the first post-partum oestrus and virtually all by the second post-partum oestrus. There ...
Ayeni O - - 1978
Corrected registration returns in a rural area of Nigeria show that the average infant mortality rate during one five year period was 88.2 per 1000 per annum. The rate was 89.4 per 1000 for females, which did not differ significantly from that of 87.0 per 1000 for males. There were ...
Cliff K D - - 1978
Calculations of the activity concentration of RaA (218Po) in the air within living rooms and in the outside air were made at 87 dwellings in England and Scotland. From these measurements together with a determination of the ventilation rate existing in the room at the time of the measurements, the ...
Gardner M J - - 1978
Changes in death rates from malignant tumours of bone among successive cohorts in the U S A and in England and Wales are shown to be remarkably similar. Since cohorts born in the 1870's there have been simultaneous and equal declines in both countries and in both sexes. Comparable cohort ...
Enstrom J E - - 1978
The 2,500,000 Spanish-surnamed white Californians have an age-adjusted multiple sclerosis death rate of 0.27 per 100,000 based on 48 MS deaths from 1966 through 1975. This compares with a rate of 0.83 for other white Californians and 0.75 for all Californians, suggesting that the MS death rate in California is ...
Morrison A S - - 1977
Records of a dowry investment fund operated by the city of Florence, Italy from 1425-1545 contain information on life cycle events of about 32,000 girls. This information includes date of birth, date and amount of investment, and date of dowry payment or death. In the present study, the first of ...
Lowry R B - - 1977
The incidence of cleft lip and/or cleft palate was examined for the 1952-71 period for the Province of British Columbia. Although there were some fluctuations, some of which were significant, there was no general trend which indicated that the rates were either increasing or decreasing. These rates are important for ...
Garzotto N - - 1977
Five aspects of suicidal behaviour in Edinburgh from 1968 to 1974 were examined. The data referred to 478 suicidal deaths and to parasuicide (attempted suicide) admissions to the Regional Poisoning Treatment Centre (R.P.T.C.). Firstly: 28% of suicides were found to have had a parasuicide admission and there was some evidence ...
Fysh W J - - 1977
At Cherbourg Aboriginal Settlement the weight gains of infants remained at a constant level below the Australian average from 1953 to 1972. During this period the infant death rate decreased from about 28 per 1,000 live births to about 40 per 1,000 live births. At Palm Island Settlement the death ...
Elwood J M - - 1977
The mortality rate (stillbirths and infant deaths) from anencephalus from 1950-1969 in 36 cities of over 50,000 population in Canada showed a negative association (r = -.39) with the concentration of magnesium in water sampled at domestic taps. The mortality rates showed negative associations with mean income and longitude, and ...
Heimann G - - 1977
In 40 infants the serum concentrations of D-xylose were measured from capillary blood samples up to 300 min after an oral dosage of 0.5 g of D-xylose per kg body weight. The parameters of the absorption kinetics, which are calculated by a digital computer program, showed an age-dependent behavior. Infants ...
Hicks W - - 1977
Abstract In a recent article in this Journal,(1)Daniel A. Seiver concludes that 'fertility' in Mexico did not decline between 1960 and 1970. His conclusion is based primarily on an increase in the child-woman ratio from 725 per 1,000 in 1960 to 762 in 1970. Seiver simply asserts that this increase ...
Eyer J - - 1977
Natural time series and prospective studies are combined to determine the contribution of many causal factors to the business cycle variation of the death rate. The variation of housing and nutrition together accounts for roughly a tenth of the death rate fluctuation. Drug consumption accounts for about one-sixth, with 11 ...
Gardner R J - - 1977
An estimate is derived of the mutation of achondroplasia based upon the accumulated data of recent newborn studies in four cities. In a total of 242,257 births, seven infants had mutant achondroplasia, the diagnosis being confirmed radiologically in all but one. From this, the rate of mutation of the normal ...
Wilson R T - - 1976
The results of a 15 months' intensive study on seven flocks of indigenous goats in the Southern Darfur region of the Sudan are discussed in this paper. Birth rates in the region approached 2-1 kids per doe per year. A high total offtake of 28 per cent and a weighted ...
Cook D R - - 1976
The elimination of succinylcholine appears to follow first-order kinetics with a linear relationship between intensity of effect and logarithm of the dose. Determination of the time-course of neuromuscular blockade following succinylcholine in infants and children allowed us to compare the rate of recovery and elimination rate constant with those determined ...
Lovell S - - 1976
Published statistical material has been used to analyse the infant death rate in Queensland. The neonatal death rates, which tend to reflect the level of obstetric care, were approximately twice as high in the Peninsula Division as in Brisbane, and the late infant mortality rate was almost eight times as ...
Whittingham D G - - 1976
Rabbit embryos (4-cell, 8-cell and morulae) survived freezing and thawing in the presence of 1-5 M-DMSO. Highest survival rates, assessed by continued development in vitro for 48 to 72 hr, were obtained with cooling rates of 0-74 to 0-90 degrees C/min and thawing rates of approximately 12 and approximately 15 ...
Toda N - - 1976
The chonotropic response to noradrenaline, tyramine, acetylcholine and transmural electrical stimulation was compared in atria isolated from rabbits at different stages of developmental after birth (day 2 to day 210). Pacemaker rates understeady state conditions were related inversely to days after birth; the rate in atria from rabbits at day ...
Reznik G - - 1976
A total of 320 Chinese hamsters (Cricetulus griseus) (CH) were subcutaneously (s.c.) treated with 1/5, 1/10, or 1/20 LD50 of N-nitrosomorpholine (NM) or N-nitrosopiperidine (NP). In the CH, NM and NP both produced up to a 100% rate of papillomas of the cheek pouch, tongue, pharynx, esophagus and forestomach. Occasionally ...
Weiss N S - - 1976
Those Americans who feel that theirs has become an increasingly violent society have support for that belief in recent mortality statistics. Since 1960, death rates in the United States among young adults from motor vehicle accidents, homicide, and suicide have increased dramatically. As of 1973, homicide and suicide rates have ...
Svendsen J - - 1975
Over a 4-year period, the annual number of culled sows in 9 Danish herds averaged 54.8 per cent of the year-sows and the number of culled sows in per cent of total number of farrowings averaged 25.8 (Table I). -- The culling rate varied considerably from herd to herd within ...
Kaku K - - 1975
Although it was expected by observers in Japan that the potency of belief in the superstition of the year of Fire-horse would be made apparent by a decrease in births and an increase of the induced abortion rate, an increase of infant mortality rate was not anticipated. However, an analysis ...
Bradley-Watson P J - - 1975
The consequences of 1,308 attempts at external cephalic version in 866 patients over a 5 year period are reviewed. A fetal mortality rate of 0.9 per cent and an over-all complication rate of 4.4 per cent was found, and the value of attempting external cephalic version in modern obstetric practice ...
Laks H - - 1975
Because of increasing interest in the application of the Blalock-Taussig shunt in smaller infants, we reviewed the course of 18 infants aged 6 months or less who underwent this procedure. The mortality rate in 4 infants under 2 weeks of age was 50 per cent and that in those 2 ...
Osofsky H J HJ Temple University Health Sciences Center, Philadelphia, - - 1973
Pregnancy among adolescents, and especially among low-income adolescents, represents a high-risk situation from multiple points of view. When compared to data for the population at large, obstetrical outcome is worsened, subsequent educational attainment is poor, social prognosis is guarded, and repeat unwanted pregnancies are common. The surviving infants, similarly have ...
Fernando D F - - 1972
Abstract The crude birth rate for Ceylon has been falling steadily between 1960 and 1970, except for a slight interruption in 1968. The fall between 1953 and 1963 has been documented elsewhere and this paper will therefore deal with the period 1963-69.
Knodel J - - 1970
Abstract A village genealogy containing family histories of couples married between 1692 and 1939 serves as the basis for a study of the demographic history of a Bavarian village. The past patterns of marriage, re-marriage, widowhood, illegitimacy, bridal pregnancy, marital fertility, family size, and birth intervals are examined. Both the ...
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