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Ewings P D - - 1989
The incidence of leukaemia and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in young people (aged under 25) living in a predefined area around the nuclear power station at Hinkley Point, Somerset, was examined for the period 1959-86 by using cancer registry data. During the period since Hinley Point began operations--that is, 1964-86--there were 19 ...
Chambers D R - - 1989
The authors have calculated the suicide rate per million for individual causes of death in the Inner North London Coroner's jurisdiction and also a composite rate for all methods of self-destruction. These have been compared with the rates for England and Wales in the years 1979-1985 inclusive. Also calculated has ...
Gad A M - - 1989
Estimates of vectorial capacity (VC) depend upon longevity of mosquito field populations, and expected longevity is estimated from the parity rate of the population. Seasonal variation in parity rates confound estimates of longevity which may not reflect actual population survival but are induced by changes in the rate of emergence ...
Norris R T - - 1989
Mortality reports were studied for 181 shipments of live sheep from Western Australia to the Middle East and Singapore in 1985 and 1986. Samples of pelleted feed for 93 shipments were analysed for quality. Overall death rate in the 6.46 million sheep exported in the period of the study was ...
Ingram D D - - 1989
Regional and urbanization differentials in coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality among white males aged 35-74 years have been examined during 1968-78 and 1979-85. Many of the differentials in CHD mortality found during 1968-78 persisted during 1979-85, e.g. the west had the lowest death rates. Fringe metropolitan (suburban) areas had low ...
Imaizumi Y - - 1989
Nation-wide data in Japan on births and prenatal deaths of 16 sets of quintuplets during 1974-1985 were analysed. Among the 16 sets, 3 sets were liveborn, 8 were stillborn, and 5 were mixed, with a stillbirth rate of 0.64 (51/80). Effects of sex, maternal age and birth order on the ...
Mor-Yosef S - - 1989
In order to elucidate some of the factors which influence the low birth weight rate, 22,815 deliveries were studied. It is already known that low birth weight (LBW) underlies the majority of infant deaths. It is also associated with an increased risk of permanent disability such as cerebral palsy, learning ...
Odland J - - 1988
Regional out-migration rates may depend on localized conditions, but the range of possibilities for migration decision making in multiperson households includes processes in which the response to variations in localized conditions depends on household size. Analyses of migration rates for households indicate that larger households exhibit more extreme responses to ...
West R R - - 1988
Stillbirth rates, perinatal death rates, early and late neonatal death rates and (post-neonatal) infant death rates are reported for Wales since local government and NHS reorganization in 1974. The time trends in these rates show declining mortality, in full weight and in low birthweight babies. Analysis of average rates for ...
Darr A - - 1988
An enquiry answered by 100 randomly selected British Pakistani mothers in the postnatal wards of two hospitals in West Yorkshire showed that 55 were married to their first cousins, while in only 33 cases had their mother been married to her first cousin. This suggests an increasing rate of consanguineous ...
Wilson F D - - 1988
This article focuses on components of change in out-migration and destination-propensity rates of metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas. The results indicate that changes in subgroup-specific rates were the driving force behind the changing patterns between and within these two areas. Composition effects played a secondary role, mainly counteracting the negative impact ...
Friede A - - 1988
Part of the slow decline in the postneonatal mortality rate and the rapid decline in the neonatal mortality rate during the 1970s may have been due to a postponement of some neonatal deaths into the postneonatal period. The authors hypothesized that any such postponement should be accompanied by a lack ...
Kudo T - - 1988
The counting rate of a sum peak formed by two gamma-ray emissions in radioactive decay of a nuclide depends on its integral attenuation factor G22. Therefore, in the "sum peak method", the G22 value for the specimen in question can be obtained merely from sum peak measurements using one radiation ...
Goldenberg R L - - 1987
Birth weight-specific fetal death rates were evaluated for Alabama for the years 1974-1983. The fetal death rate for the total low birth weight group improved less than 20% during the decade, whereas the fetal death rate for the 2500-3999-g birth weight group improved 40%, and the fetal death rate for ...
Pridham K F - - 1987
Examination was made of the relationship of mothers' appraisal of the importance of and need for action around infant-related issues to maternal experience (parity and time since birth), use of help, and perceived problem-solving competence. Sixty-two mothers (38 primiparae and 24 multiparae) kept for 90 days post-birth a daily log ...
Baker S P - - 1987
Using a new technique to study the mortality associated with motor vehicle crashes, we calculated population-based death rates of occupants of motor vehicles during the period 1979 through 1981 and mapped them according to county for the 48 contiguous states of the United States. Mortality was highest in counties of ...
Hingson R - - 1987
In 1981, Maine passed a drunk driving law with mandatory penalties and a new civil charge to increase the conviction rate. One year later, Massachusetts increased drunk driving penalties, particularly for repeat offenders and intoxicated drivers involved in fatal crashes. In Maine, single-vehicle nighttime fatal crashes declined 22 per cent ...
Hwu H G - - 1987
The rate of abnormal dexamethasone suppression test (AbDST, post-dexamethasone cortisol greater than 5.0 micrograms/dl) was analyzed in different psychiatric samples, diagnostic categories and different time points of blood sampling. Differences in the AbDST rate in different samples were largely due to different composition of diagnostic categories and time points of ...
Attwood S E - - 1987
Age-specific appendicectomy rates for Ireland have recently been reported to be substantially higher than those for Scotland. We attempted to determine the reason for this difference. Records of 940 appendectomies performed in one urban and one rural centre in Ireland over a 12 month period were examined to establish the ...
Bougnères P F - - 1987
After birth, newborns adapt from the in utero situation of a continuous fuel supply to the postnatal situation of feeding and fasting periods. In order to maintain adequate fluxes of energetic substrates to their various organs and tissues, neonates must rapidly activate the release of glucose, free fatty acids and ...
Hessø R - - 1987
Procedures followed in reporting and registering death in each of the Scandinavian countries are scrutinized to find out whether the pronounced difference in the suicide rates between Norway and the other Scandinavian countries might be due to the under-reporting of suicide in Norway. A survey is also given of the ...
Cushing J M - - 1987
The existence of a stable positive equilibrium density for a community of k interacting structured species is studied as a bifurcation problem. Under the assumption that a subcommunity of k-1 species has a positive equilibrium and under only very mild restrictions on the density dependent vital growth rates, it is ...
Greenberg M R - - 1987
Urban areas, especially the Northeast, are assumed to have the highest death rates from chronic diseases in the United States. Based on analysis of age-adjusted death rates of the white population 35-64 from 1939-1941 through 1979-1981, it is shown that chronic disease rates in the urban Northeast and Midwest have ...
- - 1986
A total of 1849 boys born to mothers resident in a defined area around Oxford were examined for cryptorchidism. Those born in hospital were examined at birth and again after three months if cryptorchid at the earlier examination. The incidence of cryptorchidism at three months adjusted to the birthweight distribution ...
Hu H H - - 1986
The rate of decline in the age-adjusted death rate from cerebrovascular disease (CVD) in Taiwan is not as rapid as in the United States and Japan, and the trends of CVD mortalities have not decreased steadily during the period 1972-1983. A low record of hypertension regulation (5.0%-12.7%), a high proportion ...
Orioli I M - - 1986
This study was undertaken to establish the prevalence rates at birth of the skeletal dysplasias that can be recognised in the perinatal period. Using the data base of the Latin-American Collaborative Study of Congenital Malformations (ECLAMC), for the years 1978 to 1983, on 349 470 births (live and stillbirths), a ...
Dronzek L A - - 1986
During a one year period, seven rejected cotton-top tamarin infants were hand-reared. A hand-rearing program was developed which included the use of heated surrogates, a non-human primate infant formula, special nipples, and a systematic reintroduction into a family group. This regimen was quite successful. The hand-rearing process yielded a success ...
Chompootaweep S - - 1986
Two IUDs (Copper T 220 C and Alza T IPCS 52) were comparatively studied by randomized insertions in 200 Thai women who attended the Family Planning Clinic at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University. Point estimates of the pregnancy rate and rate of removal for ...
Yu V Y - - 1986
The overall 1-year survival rate of 261 infants born at 500 g-999g over a 7-year period was 46%. The survival rate of the 220 inborn infants, corrected for birth defects, would have increased from 47% to 57% if delivery room deaths were excluded and to 62% if postneonatal deaths had ...
Bell J - - 1986
From the public health point of view, several formal attempts have been made to measure the impact of prenatal diagnosis (PND) on the incidence of Down's Syndrome (DS), but the results have varied widely. The impact of PND (reduction in the birth rate of chromosomally abnormal neonates) is related to ...
Reilly M S - - 1985
After the catastrophic losses of three Hull deep sea trawlers in 1968, the Committee of Inquiry into Trawler Safety (CITS) was established. Fourteen months later, CITS reported on factors affecting the safety of deep sea trawlers and their crews. Pre-CITS (1961-70) and post-CITS (1971-80) crude mortality rates for accidents at ...
Moens G F - - 1985
To assess the reliability of official Belgian suicide statistics in epidemiological comparisons on national and district level, various mortality indicators for suicide, undetermined deaths, accidental poisoning deaths and 'estimated' suicide in 1968-1972 and 1978-1981 were compared. Results did not reveal important bias on national comparisons by underreporting. But the biased ...
Kitchen W H - - 1985
Reported survival rates of infants with birth weights under 1,001 g vary greatly; by implication, high survival rates may be used as a measure of the standard of perinatal care. To illustrate the importance of precisely defining the population sample, we determined the survival rate to 2 years of 238 ...
Hasson H M - - 1985
Clinical experience with intrauterine devices was evaluated, based on 627 insertions over a 14-year period in a private practice. Overall, there were few differences in the event rates leading to IUD discontinuation for the IUDs evaluated, principally Cu-7, Dalkon Shield and Lippes Loop. Pelvic infections were infrequent (0.7-2.2 cases per ...
Starfield B - - 1985
In the field of infant mortality I believe we are facing a slower rate of decline in the death rate over the next decade than we have experienced in the past. This follows because a low point has already been reached for the age division beyond one month and because ...
Carrick D G - - 1984
A prospective study of 712 patients who had tonsillectomy by guillotine or dissection suggests that salicylates used as post-tonsillectomy analgesia increase the post-operative haemorrhage rate. Paracetamol used as post-operative analgesia was shown to be related to a significantly reduced haemorrhage rate. Guillotine tonsillectomy was not shown to have any adverse ...
Mitra S - - 1984
"The solutions of the integral equation for the stable population by Laplace transform have been examined by shifting the origin from t=0 to other points in time. The relationship between the birth functions generated by the initial populations measured from different points of time has been found to be very ...
Keiper R - - 1984
The reproductive rate and foal survival of the free-ranging ponies on Assateague Island National Seashore were studied for 8 years, 1975 to 1982. Most (52%) of the 86 foals were born in May, 13% were born in April, 22.6% in June, 10.4% in July, and less than 1% in August ...
Lester D - - 1984
An analysis of the suicide rates of successive birth cohorts in the USA indicated that male birth cohorts were characterized by a given suicide rate (low, average or high) throughout their life. In contrast, female birth cohorts varied during their life, with those having a higher suicide rate early in ...
Hopkins D D - - 1983
Matching 471 Oregon birth certificates with official Indochinese arrival lists reveals a fertility rate of 126.7, 1.8 times the US rate of 68.5. Greater maternal and infant risk rates were noted, particularly for Hmong. Data indicate improvements in obtaining prenatal care and in reducing the number of low birth weight ...
Ball J C - - 1983
A representative sample of 354 male heroin addicts living in the Baltimore metropolitan area was traced from onset of opiate use to time of interview to ascertain any changes in the frequency or type of offences committed during their years at risk. Five basic measures of criminality were employed: crime-day ...
Lincoln R A - - 1983
We report the results of an age standardized comparison of the mortality rates of Queenslanders and persons living in 14 Aboriginal reserves (or communities) in Queensland. The analysis distinguishes four categories of cause of death. For all causes of death, mortality rates for people living on reserves exceeded the rates ...
Mitra S - - 1983
Building upon an idea presented by Espenshade, Bouvier and Arthur (1982) about the eventual stationarity of a population subjected to a net reproduction rate of less than one and a constant stream of immigration, this note reports the consequences upon the birth trajectory for all possible values of the net ...
Waddell C E - - 1983
Based upon the methodology of earlier research on death rates due to malignant neoplasms reported in this journal, this paper examines the relations between select social morphological factors of population size and density and rates of deaths due to heart disease. This study supports the findings of that earlier paper: ...
Christoffel K K - - 1983
World Health Organization vital statistics data were used to compare U.S. homicide death rates with those in 23 other developed countries. Using rank ordering and comparison with mean and median rates for the other countries, U.S. homicide rates for the general population were found to be exceptionally high among developed ...
Hook E B - - 1983
The pooled results are presented of two North American surveys concerning spontaneous fetal deaths of conceptuses with cytogenetic abnormalities diagnosed prenatally whose mothers had declined elective abortion. The rate of fetal death of those with nonmosaic genotypes associated with Down syndrome was 30.1% (95% confidence interval of 19.0%-42.0%), which is ...
Yeh S Y - - 1982
During the 10-year period from 1970 to 1979, a total of 115,096 deliveries occurred at the Los Angeles County/University of Southern California Medical Center. Of these, 47,567 patients (41.3%) were monitored during labor and delivery. The intrapartum monitoring technique was initially introduced in late 1969. The monitoring rate increased gradually ...
Elwood J M - - 1982
Information from series of cases of anencephalus and corresponding random samples of all livebirths showed that the prevalence rate at birth per 1000 livebirths for anencephalus was 4.02 in Belfast (from 1957 to 1969), compared to 1.36 in mothers of Scots-Irish origin resident in 14 selected Canadian cities (from 1950 ...
Sawant S B - - 1982
This paper analyzes the impact of various factors on variations in the rate of natural increase of population in Western Maharashtra, India. By using district level data, coefficients of correlation have been calculated between the rate of natural increase, the birth rate and the death rate on the 1 hand ...
Stein S C - - 1982
The incidence of major congenital anomalies of the central nervous system was determined in a study of more than 233,000 births in Brooklyn, New York hospitals during the years 1968 to 1979. Anencephaly, myelomeningocele, and hydrocephalus occurred at frequencies of 47.1, 42.4, and 49.3 cases per 100,000 total births, respectively. ...
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