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- - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To determine the survival and sensorineural disability rates in very preterm infants born in 1991-92, and to compare the results with contemporaneous normal birthweight controls and with preterm infants born in 1985-87. METHODOLOGY: This was a geographically determined cohort study in the state of Victoria, Australia of consecutive livebirths ...
Alderman B W - - 1997
BACKGROUND: In the late 1980s, evidence of an epidemic of craniosynostosis in Colorado included reports of clusters from selected high-altitude communities and an investigation showing the high and rapidly rising rates of surgically corrected synostosis. Some evidence suggested that local diagnostic practice could account for the epidemic. OBJECTIVE: To determine ...
Fullerton J T - - 1997
This article reviews retrospective data derived from Sharp The BirthPlace. San Diego for 1993-94 and from the University of California. Irvine, Birthing Center for 1994 and compares these findings to data obtained from the National Birth Center Study (NBCS). The focus of this article is on intrapartum transfer rates from ...
Wilson A L AL Department of Pediatrics, USD School of Medicine, - - 1997
The trend of decreasing annual births in South Dakota continued with a decline to 10,470 live births in 1995. The state's infant mortality rate (IMR) of 9.5 per 1,000 live births for 1995 decreased from 9.6 in 1994, but has essentially varied little over the past nine years and is ...
Guyer B - - 1996
Recent trends in the vital statistics of the United States continued in 1995, including decreases in the number of births, the birth rate, the age-adjusted death rate, and the infant mortality rate; life expectancy at birth increased to a level equal to the record high of 75.8 years in 1992. ...
Manoharan A - - 1996
Simple catalytic models were used for estimating the true incidence of malaria in hyperendemic villages of Koraput District in Orissa State where Plasmodium falciparum is predominant. The hill top villages recorded a slide positive rate of 45.68. The daily rate of inoculation among infants was estimated to be 0.00781. The ...
Leger D W - - 1996
The relation between adult perception of emotion intensity in the cries of 1- and 6-month-old infants and the acoustic characteristics of the cries was examined. In the first study, adults who were inexperienced in child care rated 40 cries on 3 emotion intensity scales: anger, fear, and distress. The cries ...
Ricketts S A - - 1996
Late in 1991, Colorado's Medicaid program approved coverage for the hormonal contraceptive implant among Medicaid recipients. Subsequently, the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment undertook an analysis of data supplied by the state's Medicaid program of the probability of repeat births among Medicaid recipients. According to life-table analysis of ...
Tatum H J - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the investigation was to compare the 1-year expulsion and efficacy rates of the GYNE-T 380 and the GYNE-T 380 Postpartum intrauterine contraceptive devices when inserted within 10 minutes after expulsion of the placenta in a term pregnancy. The two intrauterine contraceptive devices were identical, except that ...
Stowe C D - - 1996
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of an intentional alteration in infusion pump flow continuity on the hemodynamic stability of infants receiving either dobutamine or dopamine. DESIGN: Prospective, open-label study. SETTING: A university-affiliated children's hospital. PATIENTS: Ten hemodynamically stable infants (age 2 wks-10 mo) in intensive care receiving dobutamine (5) ...
Chen R - - 1996
The so-called 'healthy worker effect' (HWE) describes a reduced mortality rate in occupational populations. From 85 occupational cohorts of workers exposed to organic solvents, we have previously found a low weighted standardized mortality ratio (SMR) for all causes (SMR = 89.5, 95 per cent confidence interval [Cl] = 89.0-90.2). Characteristics ...
Oruamabo R S - - 1996
In a previous study on neonatal tetanus (NNT), we provided information on clinico-epidemiological data and reported a case-fatality rate of 60.3%. The present report covers a 7-year period, January 1984 to December 1990, and amongst others, focuses on tetanus toxoid vaccine (TT) coverage of pregnant women. The subjects were those ...
Dunn A - - 1996
AIM: To review trends in multiple births and associated mortality in England and Wales since 1975, in the light of trends for earlier years; to assess, within the limitations of the available data, the extent of any association between multiple birth rates and assisted conception and drugs used for subfertility. ...
Scott F - - 1996
Before chorionic villus sampling at 10-13 weeks' gestation, 453 women had the crown-rump length and nuchal translucency (NT) measured with transabdominal ultrasound. There were 19 aneuploid pregnancies (ten cases of trisomy 21, six of trisomy 18, one of 47 + marker, one 47,XXX, and one 45,X mosaic). Average NT was ...
Lester D - - 1996
GOAL: This study examines regional correlates of homicide rates for infants and children for the states of America. SAMPLE: The sample consists of all homicide victims in the 48 continental, contiguous states of America in both 1980 and 1990 from the ages of 0-14. METHODS: The homicide rates of infants ...
Zhu S H - - 1996
Smokers (N = 3,030) were randomized to receive 1 of 3 interventions: (a) a self-help quit kit, (b) a quit kit plus 1 telephone counseling session, or (c) a quit kit plus up to 6 telephone counseling sessions, scheduled according to relapse probability. Both counseling groups achieved significantly higher abstinence ...
Rawool V W - - 1996
This study was designed to monitor acoustic reflexes during the type of stimulation used in the auditory brainstem measures. Twenty normal female subjects within the age range 20 to 26 years participated in the study. The probe tone frequency was 226 Hz and the intensity was 85 dB SPL. Approximately ...
Brimacombe J - - 1996
An analysis of 1500 laryngeal mask airway uses by one anaesthetist using the standard insertion technique was conducted to determine successful insertion rates, position by fibreoptic larynoscopy, complication rates and whether there is a long-term learning curve. The correlation between laryngeal mask airway placement and modified Mallampati grade was also ...
Khong T Y - - 1996
Epidemiological data derived from death certification in the absence of a necropsy can be erroneous. Despite concern over adult hospital necropsy rates, which have fallen dramatically in the last 40 years, relatively less has been published regarding perinatal necropsy rates. A literature review of necropsy rates for neonatal deaths, stillbirths ...
Clarke S C - - 1996
There is wide variation among states in rates of cesarean and vaginal births after cesarean (VBAC) deliveries. In general, states in the South have the highest cesarean rates, states in the West have the lowest, and states in the Northeast and Midwest are intermediate. Louisiana had the highest overall rate ...
Kelleher M J - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To explore the changing relationship between rates of suicide and undetermined death in Britain and Ireland. DESIGN: Longitudinal analysis of the official statistics relating to unnatural deaths in England and Wales and the Republic of Ireland between 1976 and 1992. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Male and female rates of suicide ...
Wilson A L AL Department of Pediatrics, USD School of Medicine, Sioux Falls, SD, - - 1996
The total number of births in South Dakota declined again in 1994 to 10,504 with a .6% decrease in white babies and a 11% decrease in American Indian babies. The percent of low birth weight (LBW) newborns in South Dakota is lower than that observed nationally yet, increased in 1994 ...
Guyer B - - 1995
Recent trends in the vital statistics of the United States continued in 1994, including decreases in the number of births, the birth rate, the age-adjusted death rate, and the infant mortality rate. Life expectancy increased slightly to 75.7 years. Only marriages reversed the recent trend with a slight increase in ...
Heleniak T - - 1995
"Since the Russian economy recently has shown sings of stabilization, there now is evidence that demographic trends are beginning to improve somewhat. Although the population declined by 164,200, to 148.1 million at the beginning of 1996, the release of new statistical compendia by the Russian statistical agency (Goskomstat Rosii) in ...
Dasari G - - 1995
The rheological characteristics of bovine amniotic fluid have been studied at different shear rates. The viscosity of bovine amniotic fluid at 20 degrees C was found to increase with time at a constant low shear rate during the measurement. Additionally, the viscosity was observed to decrease with increasing shear rate, ...
Murray Jeffrey C - - 1995
DURING WINTER, two previously healthy 7-week-old infants presented with cough, rhinorrhea, and fever. Results of their physical examinations were remarkable only for tachypnea, congested nares, end-expiratory wheezes, and intercostal retractions. A chest radiograph from one infant is depicted in Figure 1. Complete blood cell and differential white blood cell counts ...
Imaizumi Y - - 1995
The incidence rate and the death rate of cystic fibrosis (CF) in Japan were analyzed using Japanese Vital Statistics data for the period 1969-1992. The incidence rate was 3.1 per million live births during the period 1969-1980, where the rate was 1.5 times higher in rural than urban areas. The ...
Lanska D J - - 1995
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study examines the geographic variation in the decline of stroke mortality rates in the United States. METHODS: National Center for Health Statistics and Bureau of the Census data were used to assess regional and state level temporal trends of stroke mortality in the United States for ...
Sepkowitz S - - 1995
BACKGROUND: International rankings of infant mortality rates have been consistently lower for the US than other industrialized countries, and this ranking has been falling. This study examines the influence of birth registrations among very low birthweight infants on these international rankings. METHODS: Birth rates of infants weighing < 1500 g ...
Li H Y - - 1995
In Weifang Prefecture, Shandong Province, and Wenshan Prefecture, Yunnan Province of China, leprosy was highly prevalent in the 1950s. Due to differences in geographical conditions and socioeconomic development, the decline in leprosy prevalence between 1955 and 1993 was 99.5% (10.1 to 0.05/10,000) in Weifang and 93.9% (19.7 to 1.2/10,000) in ...
Schulze T L - - 1995
An application of carbaryl granules at the lowest recommended rate to the shrub layer of a forested residential community in late spring significantly reduced abundance of questing Ixodes scapularis Say nymphs throughout their peak activity period. Depth of leaf litter had no significant effect on the level of reduction, suggesting ...
Shehata A I - - 1995
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the cesarean section (CS) rate in the Riyadh area, its trend and relationship to perinatal mortality (PNM). METHODS: Based on delivery data obtained from the Ministry of Health hospitals, Saudi Arabia, for a total of 12 years, yearly rates of CS, PNM and the ratios of obstetricians ...
Maniam T - - 1995
Suicide statistics are generally recognised to be unreliable. This study of the reported rates of suicide in West Malaysia between 1966-1990 shows that the mean crude suicide rate between 1966-1974 was 6.1 per 100,000, but had dropped drastically between 1975-1990 to a mean of 1.6 per 100,000. Three lines of ...
Wilson A L AL Department of Pediatrics, USD School of Medicine, Sioux - - 1995
This annual report reviews natality and infant mortality data and also reviews teenage pregnancy in South Dakota. Data for 1993 again document a declining rate of birth for South Dakota with a 3% decline in the number of births since 1990 and an 18% decline since 1980. An identical number ...
Wegman M E - - 1994
A new low in the infant mortality rate was reached again in 1993, at 828.8 deaths per 100,000 live births, a decline of 2% from 848.7 in 1992. Births, marriages, and divorces were all lower, both in number and rate. Deaths and the death rate, however, both increased and, more ...
Slonim D - - 1994
The first large epidemic of poliomyelitis in (previous) Czechoslovakia was recorded in 1939. It affected only the western part of the state, Bohemia, with a relatively high morbidity and mortality, 25.42 and 2.05 per 100,000, respectively, the death rate being 8.1%. In Prague, children aged between 5 and 9 years ...
Lazda E J - - 1994
Low autopsy rates are of continuing concern to pathologists. The aim of this study was to investigate the reasons why autopsy did not happen, and to determine whether carrying out the investigation and providing some feedback of the results would have any effect on autopsy rates. The main reasons why ...
Lester D - - 1994
Whereas marriage and birth rates were significantly associated with the time-series annual suicide rate from 1950 to 1985 in England and Wales and birth rates were associated with the annual suicide rate in the USA, neither variable was significantly associated with the annual suicide rate in Singapore. It seems that ...
Roelofs L M - - 1994
Radon exhalation rates of concrete samples have been periodically determined for 6-8 y after pouring the concrete. From the results, it can be concluded that the radon exhalation rate changes with the age of the concrete. The exhalation rate varies considerably in the first 6-12 mo after pouring with a ...
Bockarie M J - - 1994
Studies were undertaken on the role of Anopheles gambiae and An. funestus in the transmission of malaria in four villages in a high-rainfall, forested area in the Bo district of southern Sierra Leone. Anopheles gambiae s.s., identified chromosomally as the Forest form, was the most important vector, with a mean ...
Garrett E R - - 1994
The Bateman function, A"(e-k(e)t--e-k(a)t), quantifies the time course of a first-order invasion (rate constant ka) to, and a first-order elimination (rate constant ke) from, a one-compartment body model where A" = (gamma Dose)ka/(ka-ke)V. The rate constants (when ka > 3ke) are frequently determined by the "method of residuals" or "feathering." ...
Ungs T J - - 1994
The aeromedical literature typically uses fatal accident rates (fatal accidents/100,000 aircraft flight hours) as a measure of aviation-related mortality. Calculation of population-based mortality rates (deaths/1,000,000 population) would permit comparison of aviation-related rates with rates due to other causes of death such as heart disease or motor vehicle accidents. Population-based mortality ...
Findlay C S - - 1994
We evaluate the optimizing ability (rate of adaptation) of trees on simple adaptive landscapes. At points away from a peak, there is a strong negative relationship between rate of adaptation and tree precision P, a relationship that is independent of the size of the tree. P measures the variability among ...
Wiedenmann A - - 1994
In a recent study of 14 European countries, Lester (1993), using inference statistical techniques, confirmed Durkheim's (1897) observation that lower birth rates were associated with higher suicide rates in 1870 and 1980. Due to changes in national boundaries, Germany was excluded from these analyses. Among the federal states of Germany, ...
Sutter R W - - 1993
Variation in attack rates of paralytic disease by region during the 1988-1989 epidemic of type 1 poliomyelitis in Oman provided the stimulus to test the hypothesis that these observations were due to regional differences in the response of infants to trivalent oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV). Seroprevalence studies of 394 children ...
Baker D - - 1993
Recent studies have suggested that regional differences in death rates from ischaemic heart disease (IHD) may result from exposure to poverty in foetal and early infant life. The suggestion is that such influences 'permanently set structures and metabolic processes, so-called programming'. On this theory, current falls in IHD death rates ...
Merler E - - 1993
A total of 204 deaths due to asbestosis occurred in Italy in the period 1970-1989, including 24 females; asbestosis death rates (per million) were 0.31 +/- 0.05 among males and 0.4 +/- 0.02 among females. The rates increased a little when comparing 1980-89 with 1970-79. Deaths were concentrated in a ...
Spiker D - - 1993
Effects of a comprehensive early intervention program for low birth weight, premature infants--the Infant Health and Development Program--on mother-child interaction were examined at 30 months (N = 683). Small significant positive effects were found: Intervention mothers had higher ratings on quality of assistance; intervention children had higher ratings on persistence ...
Lau T - - 1993
We introduce a sequence of parameters called canonical moments to characterize the predictive value of the pattern of consensus among (kappa-1) ratings to an additional rating. The usual kappa coefficient of agreement among ratings (two or more) is just the second canonical moment. By using the higher canonical moments, we ...
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