Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 456
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Menacker Fay - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: This report presents the number and rate of U.S. births for 10-14 year olds, for 1990-2002 by race and Hispanic origin and by State. Pregnancy risk factors and outcomes by selected maternal and infant characteristics are shown. METHODS: Tabular and graphical descriptions of births and infant deaths to 10-14 ...
Duchon Lisa M - - 2004
We examined the progress of the nation's 100 largest cities and their surrounding suburban areas toward achieving Healthy People 2000/2010 goals for two measures of infant health: low birth weight (LBW) and infant mortality (IM). Using data from the National Center for Health Statistics, we compared 1990 and 2000 urban ...
Adekoya Nelson - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe fatal cases of traumatic brain injury (TBI) among West Virginia residents. METHODS: The authors analyzed data from the National Center for Health Statistics Multiple Cause of Death tapes for the period 1989-1998. They compared West Virginia's annualized average TBI death rate ...
Scott D F - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To determine if certain loggers are at increased risk of death during logging operations. METHODS: Statistical analysis of 780 logger fatalities for a nine year period (1992-2000). RESULTS: The major findings are: (1) treefallers suffer nearly 63% of all fatalities, (2) the region where the fatality occurred and the ...
Johnsson H - - 2004
AIM: To assess the rate of candidaemia and the associated case fatality rate in relation to gestational age, and the variation in the rate of candidaemia over time in the neonatal period. METHODS: Retrospective review of medical records of infants with a positive blood culture for fungi while in the ...
Forrester Mathias B - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Cystic hygroma is associated with chromosomal abnormalities and a low chance of survival. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between cystic hygroma and various clinical and demographic factors. METHODS: Cystic hygroma cases delivered in Hawaii from 1986 to 1999 were obtained from a population-based birth ...
Mullen Brian - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether suicide rates among ethnic immigrant groups were predicted by the ethnophaulisms, or the hate speech, used to refer to those ethnic immigrant groups. METHODS: Data were obtained for 10 European ethnic immigrant groups during the 1950s. These 10 European ethnic ...
Chan Peter T K - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcomes of vasectomy reversals in men with the same female partners. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis with comparison with a historical cohort. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): Among 1,048 patients who underwent microsurgical vasectomy reversal from 1986 to 2002, 27 men (2.6%) were identified who had the same partners ...
Saini Amarjit S - - 2004
The dose-rate dependence of commercially available diode detectors was measured under both high instantaneous dose-rate (pulsed) and low dose rate (continuous, Co-60) radiation. The dose-rate dependence was measured in an acrylic miniphantom at a 5-cm depth in a 10 x 10 cm2 collimator setting, by varying source-to-detector distance (SDD) between ...
Hamilton Brady E - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: This report presents revised rates of reproduction for 1990-93, reproduction rates for 1994-2002, and intrinsic rates for 2000-2001. The revised rates for 1991-93 are based on populations consistent with the April 1, 2000, census, as are the rates for 1994-2002. METHODS: Tabular and graphic data on the reproduction and ...
Sanders L M - - 2004
In a Slowakian indoor pig production unit (2423 sows), from June to December 2002 all culled sows with excessive vulval discharge at culling, and with vulval discharge and periparturient disease in their previous history were subjected to retrospective lifetime production analysis. The sows were assigned to nine groups according to ...
Zichittella Lauren J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The Chernobyl disaster in 1986 and the breakup of the former Soviet Union (FSU) in 1991 challenged the public health infrastructure in the former Soviet republic of Belarus. Because infant mortality is regarded as a sensitive measure of the overall health of a population, patterns of neonatal and postneonatal ...
Chu W - - 2004
The direct photolysis and the photocatalytic degradations of dicamba in TiO2 suspensions with and without the use of hydrogen peroxide were studied using two different monochromatic UV irradiations (300 and 350 nm). Both the direct photolysis and photocatalytic degradations of dicamba follow pseudo-first-order decay kinetics. Photolysis reactions were slow but ...
Amarasekare Priyanga - - 2004
I investigate two aspects of source-sink theory that have hitherto received little attention: density-dependent dispersal and the cost of dispersal to sources. The cost arises because emigration reduces the per capita growth rate of sources, thus predisposing them to extinction. I show that source-sink persistence depends critically on the interplay ...
New John C JC - - 2004
Studies report variable factors associated with dog and cat surpluses in the United States. Estimates of cat and dog birth and death rates help understand the problem. This study collected data through a commercial survey company, distributing questionnaires to 7,399 cat- and dog-owning households (HHs) in 1996. The study used ...
Horwacik T - - 2004
Measurements of cosmic radiation dose rates (from the neutron and the non-neutron components) on board passenger aircraft were performed using environmental packages with thermoluminescent TL and CR-39 etched track detectors. The packages were calibrated at the CERN-EU high-energy Reference Field Facility and evaluated at the Institute of Nuclear Physics in ...
Arias Elizabeth - - 2003
The crude birth rate in 2002 was 13.9 births per 1000 population, the lowest ever reported for the United States. The number of births, the crude birth rate, and the fertility rate (64.8) all declined slightly (by 1% or less) from 2001 to 2002. Fertility rates were highest for Hispanic ...
Farah N - - 2003
The Caesarean section (CS) rate has risen dramatically in the United Kingdom and North America over the past 20 years. There are no recent data in the Republic of Ireland on CS rates. Our aim was to ascertain the national CS rate for the year 1998. In addition, we sought ...
Simpson J M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To examine the variation between hospitals in rates of severe intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH) in preterm babies adjusting for case mix and sampling variability. DESIGN: Cross sectional study of pooled data from 1995 to 1997. SETTING: 24 neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in the Australian and New Zealand Neonatal Network. ...
Reynolds Meredith A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether insurance coverage for ART is associated with transfer of fewer embryos and decreased risk of multiple births. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of a population-based sample of IVF procedures performed in six U.S. states during 1998. SETTING: Three states with mandated insurance coverage (Illinois, Massachusetts, and Rhode ...
Guha-Sapir Debarati - - 2003
Civil conflict affects the health of individuals in many countries, and draws a substantial amount of international humanitarian aid. The most widely used indicator of the effect of conflict is the rate of civilian death during conflict. We aimed to assess mortality estimates from conflicts in Sudan, Somalia, the Democratic ...
Chishti Parveen - - 2003
BACKGROUND: There are an estimated one million completed suicides per year worldwide. As a response to increasing concern about suicide within Europe, the EUROSAVE (European Review of Suicide and Violence Epidemiology) study was undertaken to examine recent trends in the epidemiology of suicide and self-inflicted injury mortality in the European ...
Bosshard Georg - - 2003
In Switzerland, nonmedical right-to-die organisations offer instruction and personal guidance in committing suicide to members suffering from incurable diseases. Suicide is usually committed with a lethal dose of barbiturates prescribed by a physician. This study is a retrospective analysis of all case files of assisted suicide kept during the period ...
Salib Emad - - 2003
Astrology is no longer regarded as a science by many, because its claims are almost impossible to test empirically in controlled laboratory conditions and it can not meet the scientific need to be reproducible. However, the majority of those who read their 'star signs' can identify aspects of their personality ...
Kunert Grit - - 2003
Natural enemies not only influence prey density but they can also cause the modification of traits in their victims. While such non-lethal effects can be very important for the dynamic and structure of prey populations, little is known about their interaction with the density-mediated effects of natural enemies. We investigated ...
Holman Robert C - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To describe the burden and trends in hospitalizations associated with infectious diseases among American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) infants. METHODS: First-listed infectious disease hospitalizations and hospitalization rates among AI/AN infants and infants in the general US population from 1988-1999 were analyzed by using Indian Health Service/tribal hospital discharge ...
Lauria Laura - - 2003
Despite a substantial decline in stillbirth and infant mortality rates in Italy during the last century, there are still large differences between the north and south of the country. This paper analyses the geographical distribution of these rates in the period 1989-93 in terms of biological and social indicators with ...
Wilson Ann - - 2003
In 2001, for the second consecutive year, there was an increase in births in South Dakota that also included the highest rate of low birth weight infants born in 28 years. The infant mortality rate also increased from its exceptionally low rate in 2000. The rate of Sudden Infant Death ...
Almond Myron D - - 2003
The authors analyze all Navy and Marine Corps active duty deaths from January 1, 1995 through December 31, 1999 (Navy, N=1231; Marine Corps, N=701). Data were obtained from official Navy and Marine Corps sources, including the Report of Casualty (DD form 1300) and the Navy Personnel Casualty Report (Control Symbol ...
Zhang Lin - - 2002
The objective of this study was to develop sustained release Poloxamer 407 (P407) gel formulations of ceftiofur for treating foot infections in cattle. The formulations contained 25-35% (w/v) P407 alone or with polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP), carboxy methylcellulose (CMC), or hydroxylpropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) as an additive. The in-vitro release profiles of ...
MacDorman Marian F - - 2002
The number of births, the crude birth rate (14.5 in 2001), and the fertility rate (67.2 in 2001) all declined slightly (by 1% or less) from 2000 to 2001. Fertility rates were highest for Hispanic women (107.4), followed by Native American (70.7), Asian or Pacific Islander (69.4), black (69.3), and ...
Walsh Daniel C - - 2002
Examination of historical data shows that 3.5 x 10(8) tonnes (t) of residential refuse was discarded in New York City (NYC) during the 20th century. Maximum and minimum rates of per capita mass discard of residential refuse during this time are reported in 1940 (940 kg per capita yr(-1)) and ...
Joyce R - - 2002
A number of problems associated with league tables of performance indicators have been discussed in the literature. This paper attempts to address these problems for stillbirth and infant mortality rates in order to produce meaningful and useful information for the government, general public and health professionals. Composite stillbirth and infant ...
Lester David - - 2002
The suicide rate on death row for the period 1976 through 1999 was found to be high (113 per 100,000 per year), some five times higher than the suicide rate for the male population of the United States. The death row suicide rate was predicted by features of the death ...
Beckwith Athelstan L J - - 2002
The rate of coupling of alkyl radicals with the persistent aminoxyl radical 1,1,3,3-tetramethylisoindolin-N-oxyl (1) has been used as a kinetic probe to determine absolute rate coefficients for the addition of alkyl radicals to methyl acrylate. The results are discussed in terms of the role of the structure and functionalization of ...
Fuster Vicente - - 2002
The inbreeding coefficient of a population, estimated from ecclesiastical Roman Catholic dispensations, results from the relative contribution of different degrees of relationships (uncle-niece, first cousin, etc.). The interpopulation comparisons of consanguinity patterns may be obscured by the fact that in 1918 the Roman Catholic Church norm regulating the closest marriageable ...
Martin Joyce A - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: This report presents preliminary data for 2001 on births in the United States. U.S. data on births are shown by age, race, and Hispanic origin of mother. Data on marital status, prenatal care, cesarean delivery, and low birthweight are also presented. METHODS: Data in this report are based on ...
Ventura Stephanie J - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: This report provides State-specific birth rates for teenagers for 1991 and 2000, and the percent change between the time periods. METHODS: Tabular and graphical description of trends in teenage birth rates by age group for each State and territory. RESULTS: Birth rates for teenagers 15-19 years declined significantly in ...
Bosnar Alan - - 2002
BACKGROUND: This paper analyzes the impact of war, with special regard for the intensity of changes in the suicide rate in wartime in the southwestern region of Croatia. The investigated region has an area of 7,993 km2 with a population of 322,964. Most of the population lives in the city ...
Li Siu-Chung - - 2002
Harmful algal blooms (HAB) may impose a serious threat to aquatic lives and human health. We determined the effects of a toxic dinoflagellate Alexandrium tamarense (clone ATCIO1, isolated from Hong Kong coastal waters) on the energy budget, quantified as scope for growth (SFG), and the growth rate of the manila ...
Dietl Gregory P - - 2002
Studies that have tested and failed to support the hypothesis that escalated species (e.g., those with predation-resistant adaptations) are more susceptible to elimination during mass extinctions have concentrated on the distribution and degree of morphological defenses in molluscan species. This morphological approach to determining level of escalation in bivalves may ...
Stark C - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The Highlands have one of the highest suicide rates in Scotland. This paper describes suicide and deliberate self-harm in the Highlands in the last 20 years and explores possible reasons for the differences from the Scottish average. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of routine data from the SMRI/SMR01 scheme and information ...
Wissow L S - - 2001
Suicide is the second leading cause of death among American Indian youth. Elevated rates of suicide in Indian communities have been attributed both to outbreaks and to regional trends. We assessed the contribution of these two factors for a single tribe, and attempted to define a profile of individuals at ...
Steblay N - - 2001
Most police lineups use a simultaneous presentation technique in which eyewitnesses view all lineup members at the same time. Lindsay and Wells (R. C. L. Lindsay & G. L. Wells, 1985) devised an alternative procedure, the sequential lineup, in which witnesses view one lineup member at a time and decide ...
Gold R - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether per capita income and income inequality are independently associated with teen birth rate in populous U.S. counties. METHODS: This study used 1990 U.S. Census data and National Center for Health Statistics birth data. Income inequality was measured with the 90:10 ratio, a ratio of percent of ...
Gajalakshmi S - - 2001
Paper waste, spiked with varying proportions of cowdung, was vermicomposted in 'low-rate' and 'high-rate' reactors. The former type of reactors had earthworm populations and feed loading rates similar to ones recommended by previous workers. The 'high-rate' reactors were operated with 12.5 times higher earthworm densities and feed loading rates. All ...
Delwiche J F - - 2001
People vary widely in their sensitivities to bitter compounds, but the intercorrelation of these sensitivities is unknown. Our goal was to investigate correlations as a function of individual sensitivities to several bitter compounds representative of different chemical classes and, from these correlations, infer the number and variety of potential bitterness ...
Godin M - - 2001
Subsoil gamma-ray intensity measurements are used in uranium prospecting and in the classification of lithologies. This work charts the subsoil gamma-ray intensity distribution in the Oriental Region of the Republic of Paraguay, a centrally located country in South America. Gamma-ray count rates were obtained at depths of 5, 10, 50, ...
Lin L Y - - 2001
Euryhaline tilapia larvae are capable of adapting to environmental salinity changes even when transferred from freshwater (FW) to seawater (SW) or vice versa. In this study, the water balance of developing tilapia larvae (Oreochromis mossambicus) adapted to FW or SW was compared, and the short-term regulation of drinking rate of ...
Olsen S J - - 2001
Salmonellosis is a major cause of illness in the United States. To highlight recent trends, data for 1987-1997 from the National Salmonella Surveillance System were analyzed. A total of 441,863 Salmonella isolates were reported, with the highest age-specific rate among infants (159/100,000 infants at 2 months). Annual isolation rates decreased ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >