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Nadanovsky Paulo - - 2009
Homicide rates vary widely across and within different continents. In order to address the problem of violence in the world, it seems important to clarify the sources of this variability. Despite the fact that income inequality and imprisonment seem to be two of the most important determinants of the variation ...
Cao Shixiong - - 2009
Decreasing population levels due to declining birth rates are becoming a potentially serious social problem in developed and rapidly developing countries. China urgently needed to reduce birth rates so that its population would decline to a sustainable level, and the family planning policy designed to achieve this goal has largely ...
Rosenbach Margo - - 2010
To describe the characteristics, access, utilization, satisfaction, and outcomes of Healthy Start participants in eight selected sites, a survey of Healthy Start participants with infants ages 6-12-months-old at time of interview was conducted between October 2006 and January 2007. The response rate was 66% (n = 646), ranging from 37% ...
Jenkins J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To examine socioeconomic inequalities in neonatal intensive care (NIC) admissions relating to preterm birth, intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), multiple births and other conditions. METHODS: Retrospective review of all NIC admissions from 1996 to 2001 throughout a geographically defined region. Area deprivation indices were grouped into quintiles from least (1) ...
Conde Crystal - - 2009
Texas has dropped from first to third in national teenage birth rates, but don't start the celebration just yet. The problem is the rate had been dropping for 14 years, but then started back up. Experts say the increase points out the need for better education.
Sisterson Mark S - - 2009
The transmission of insect-vectored pathogens is dependent on the population dynamics of the vector. Epidemiological models typically assume that birth and death rates of pathogen-free and inoculative vectors are equal, an assumption that is not true for all pathosystems. Here, a series of simple and general epidemiological models were used ...
Shepherd Greene - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Homicidal poisoning is an intriguing but poorly described phenomenon. This study describes homicidal poisoning deaths in the United States during 1999-2005. METHODS: A trend analysis of homicidal poisoning death was performed using Vital Statistics data. The National Mortality Statistics database was queried using "homicide" as injury intent and "poisoning" ...
Lain Samantha J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the change in birth rates, both overall and in age, parity, socioeconomic and geographical subgroups of the population, after the introduction of the Baby Bonus payment in Australia on 1 July 2004. DESIGN AND SETTING: Population-based study using New South Wales birth records and Australian Bureau of ...
Dani Carlo - - 2009
Our aim was to evaluate the literature on survival and major disability rate in preterm infants born at 22- 25 weeks of gestational age (GA). Thirty-three studies were identified and reviewed. Survival was lower in population-based studies (2% at 22, 13% at 23, 35% at 24, and 56% at 25 ...
Lin Kui - - 2009
The neutral theory of biodiversity has been criticized for its neglect of species differences. Yet it is much less heeded that S. P. Hubbell's definition of neutrality allows species to differ in their birth and death rates as long as they have an equal per capita fitness. Using the lottery ...
Yasumi Katsuhiro - - 2009
To describe the recent filicide features in Japan, data were collected from newspaper databases between 1994 and 2005 and compared with several official statistics. From this dataset, 933 cases and 1084 victims under age 15 were identified. Fatal abuse cases were most prevalent (309 cases, or 33.1%), followed by filicide-suicide ...
Fellman Johan - - 2008
Stillbirth rates among single and multiple births show markedly decreasing temporal trends. In addition, several studies have demonstrated that the stillbirth rates are dependent on maternal age, in general, showing a U- or J-shaped association with maternal age. In this study, the temporal trends in and the effect of maternal ...
Ananth Cande V - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Infant mortality rates are higher in the United States than in Canada. We explored this difference by comparing gestational age distributions and gestational age-specific mortality rates in the two countries. METHODS: Stillbirth and infant mortality rates were compared for singleton births at >or=22 weeks and newborns weighing>or=500 g in ...
Eavey Joanna - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Death rates in the Greater New Orleans area were examined by month from 2002 to 2006 to assess whether mortality increased after Hurricane Katrina. METHODS: Finalized death data from the Louisiana Office of Vital Statistics and the most recent population estimates were used to calculate annual mortality rates in ...
de la Rosette Jean J M C H - - 2008
CONTEXT: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) is traditionally performed with the patient in the prone position. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of the prone and supine positions, particularly in obese patients and in those with staghorn calculi. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A Medline search was conducted for articles published during the last ...
Lie Arve - - 2008
AIM: To determine whether enterprises belonging to the Bank of Models of Good Practice were more successful than average Norwegian enterprises in the reduction of sickness absence, promotion of early return to work, and prevention of early retirement. METHODS: In 2004 we selected 86 enterprises with a total of approximately ...
Gaudino James A JA - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Most AI/AN infant mortality rates (IMRs) remain higher than white rates. The Northwest Portland Area Indian Health Board (NPAIHB), serving 43 tribes, CDC and the Washington, Oregon, and Idaho health departments investigated AI/AN infant survival. METHODS: NPAIHB completed linking computerized birth certificate and birth-death files. We used death and ...
Hu G - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine recent trends and geographic variations in road-traffic deaths in China. DESIGN: A longitudinal descriptive analysis of national and provincial data on road-traffic deaths, examining recent trends and geographic variations. SETTING: China, 1985-2005. DATA SOURCES: The Transportation and communications yearbook of China (1986-2006) and the National statistics yearbook ...
Tate Jacqueline E - - 2008
In 2006, a new rotavirus vaccine was recommended for routine immunization of US infants. Because a previous rotavirus vaccine was withdrawn in 1999 after it was associated with intussusception, monitoring for this adverse event with the new vaccine is important. The objectives of this study were to assess intussusception hospitalizations ...
Homrich da Silva Clécio - - 2008
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the rise in multiple births and its influence on trends of low birth weight (LBW) rates in Porto Alegre, Brazil. METHODS: This is a registry-based study of live births from 1994 to 2005 obtained from the national live birth information system. ...
Hilton N Zoe - - 2009
Prediction effect sizes such as ROC area are important for demonstrating a risk assessment's generalizability and utility. How a study defines recidivism might affect predictive accuracy. Nonrecidivism is problematic when predicting specialized violence (e.g., domestic violence). The present study cross-validates the ability of the Ontario Domestic Assault Risk Assessment (ODARA) ...
Borrup Kevin - - 2008
We reviewed medical examiner, law enforcement, crime laboratory data, and death certificates on all 1,530 violent deaths (homicide, suicide, undetermined firearm) in Connecticut occurring from 2001-2004. There was an average of 383 deaths (rate = 11.2 deaths per 100,000 persons annually). Overall, males aged 20 to 29 were at the ...
Martin Joyce A - - 2008
US births increased 3% between 2005 and 2006 to 4,265,996, the largest number since 1961. The crude birth rate rose 1%, to 14.2 per 1000 population, and the general fertility rate increased 3%, to 68.5 per 1000 women 15 to 44 years. Births and birth rates increased among all race ...
Bythell M - - 2008
The impact of late terminations (> or = 24 weeks) on the overall stillbirth rate was determined for the 12-year period from 1994 to 2005 using data collected by the Regional Maternity Survey Office in the north of England. It is a legal requirement to register late terminations, and this ...
Sakulyanontvittaya Tanarit - - 2008
Biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOC) contribute significantly to the formation of ozone and secondary organic aerosol (SOA). The Model of Emissions of Gases and Aerosols from Nature (MEGANv2.02) is used to estimate emissions of isoprene, monoterpenes (MT), and sesquiterpenes (SQT) across the United States. Compared to the Biogenic Emission Inventory ...
Alborzi A - - 2008
We determined the carriage rate of Neisseria meningitidis before and after hajj pilgrimage among a group (1) of 674 randomly selected Iranian pilgrims, and the effect of 500 mg of ciprofloxacin given 24 hours before return on the reduction of meningococcal carriers among another group (2) of 123 randomly selected ...
Tobias Joseph A - - 2008
Weir and Schluter (Reports, 16 March 2007, p. 1574) used variation in the age distribution of sister species to estimate that recent rates of speciation decline toward the tropics. However, this conclusion may be undermined by taxonomic biases, sampling artifacts, and the sister-species method, all of which tend to underestimate ...
Di Pino Alfredo - - 2008
We present the case of an infant with a congenital atrioventricular block and sinus node dysfunction that was implanted with a pacemaker with physiological closed-loop stimulation (DDD-CLS) pacing mode with two epicardial leads. We have observed the response of DDD-CLS system with respect to conventional rate responsive accelerometer-based mode (DDDR): ...
Wilson Ann L - - 2008
The year 2006 brought a 4 percent increase in births to the state that was almost entirely attributed to an increase in white newborns. The rate of low birth weight births decreased for newborns weighing less than 1,500 grams but increased for those weighing 1,500 to 2,500 grams. The state's ...
Roth Richard - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Vehicle interlocks have been shown to effectively reduce the recidivism of multiple driving-while-impaired (DWI) offenders; however, the evidence for their effectiveness with first offenders has been mixed. Two Canadian studies found that the installation of an interlock reduced first DWI recidivism, but U.S. studies in West Virginia and California ...
Cai G Q - - 2007
The predator-prey-type ecosystem is investigated, taking into account the time-delay effect of the prey population on the predator population, as well as random variations in the birth rate of the prey and the death rate of the predators. The stochastic averaging procedure is applied to obtain the probability distributions of ...
Young Michael - - 2007
Health care workers have long observed increased rates of hospital admissions for respiratory illness in infants from the northern regions of Canada. Particularly high rates have been reported in the Inuit population. The purpose of the present study was to compare rates of hospital admission in Inuit versus non-Inuit infants ...
de Boer Jessica J MRC Institute of Hearing Research, Southampton Outstation, Royal South Hants Hospital, Brintons Terrace, Mailpoint OAU, Southampton, Hampshire SO14 OYG, UK. - - 2007
Maximum length sequence (MLS) stimulation allows click evoked otoacoustic emissions (CEOAEs) to be averaged at very high stimulation rates. This enables a faster reduction of noise contamination of the response, and has been shown to improve the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of CEOAEs recorded from adult subjects. This study set out ...
Zeitlin J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare rates of postterm birth in Europe. DESIGN: Analysis of data from vital statistics, birth registers, and national birth samples collected for the PERISTAT project. SETTING: Thirteen European countries. POPULATION: All live births or representative samples of births for the year 2000 or most recent year available. METHODS: ...
Somerville Rebecca L - - 2007
AIM: New Zealand (NZ) has a large pertussis disease burden compared with other developed countries. Accurate ascertainment of disease burden is fundamental to controlling pertussis and informing immunisation policy. Disease burden estimates are primarily from passive surveillance, which underestimates disease incidence. The aim of this study is to use active ...
Alvarez Sonia M - - 2007
PURPOSE: Local and state registries have shown recent increases in the prevalence of gastroschisis in the United States and abroad. The purpose of this study was to use a nationally representative database to identify national trends in the prevalence of gastroschisis repairs. METHODS: Records of infants undergoing gastroschisis repair were ...
Conlan Andrew J K - - 2007
The critical community size (CCS) for measles, which separates persistent from extinction-prone populations, is arguably the best understood stochastic threshold in ecology. Using simple models, we explore a relatively neglected relationship of how the CCS scales with birth rate. A predominantly positive relationship of persistence with birth rate is complicated ...
Komar Debra A - - 2007
Anthropologists frequently encounter cases in which only partial human remains are recovered. This study reports how the percentage of the body recovered affects identification (ID) rates and cause and manner of death determination. A total of 773 cases involving anthropology consults were drawn from the New Mexico medical examiner's office ...
Hendricks Scott A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Trends in workplace homicide rates are compared to the trends in U.S. homicides from 1993 to 2002, inclusively. The homogeneity of workplace homicide rates by victim demographics, circumstances, and types of events are also addressed. METHODS: Using publicly available data from several sources, Poisson models are used to statistically ...
van Disseldorp J - - 2007
For women aged 41-43 years old, success rates in IVF are generally poor. This study aimed to assess cumulative live birth rate related to treatment costs over a maximum of three IVF cycles in selected women who were considered to still have adequate ovarian reserve. Fifty-five patients (38% of the ...
Räsänen Mikko - - 2007
The study was designed to find out factors that influence use/non-use of pedestrian bridges. The use rate of five pedestrian bridges was observed in the central business district (CBD) of Ankara. After the observations, a survey was conducted among pedestrians using those bridges and crossing contrary to safe practice under ...
Norberg E - - 2007
The objective of this study was to analyze the development of inbreeding and estimate inbreeding depression in the Danish populations of 3 major meat type sheep breeds. The pedigrees contained 29,336 Texel, 22,838 Shropshire, and 11,487 Oxford Down. The rate of inbreeding was approximately 1% per generation for all breeds, ...
Hamilton Brady E - - 2007
The general fertility rate in 2005 was 66.7 births per 1000 women aged 15 to 44 years, the highest level since 1993. The birth rate for teen mothers (aged 15 to 19 years) declined by 2% between 2004 and 2005, falling to 40.4 births per 1000 women, the lowest ever ...
Bogoyavlenskiy Dmitriy - - 2007
Against the background of natural decline in population of all Russia, in particular, the Russians, the demographic situation of peoples of the North is at times considered as "moderately optimistic". In this case the growth of their number serves according to last population census, as a decisive factor. Contrary to ...
Zuidema Pieter A - - 2007
Harvesting nontimber forest products (NTFPs) is a major economic activity in tropical forests. As many NTFPs are overexploited, sustainability analyses are required to set harvest guidelines. Here we introduce and apply a new approach to evaluating sustainability, which combines prospective (elasticity) and retrospective (Life Table Response Experiments [LTRE]) demographic analyses ...
Hamilton Brady E - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: This report presents preliminary data for 2005 on births in the United States. U.S. data on births are shown by age, live-birth order, race, and Hispanic origin of mother. Data on marital status, cesarean delivery, preterm births, and low birthweight (LBW) are also presented. METHODS: Data in this report ...
Chapman S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: After a 1996 firearm massacre in Tasmania in which 35 people died, Australian governments united to remove semi-automatic and pump-action shotguns and rifles from civilian possession, as a key component of gun law reforms. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether Australia's 1996 major gun law reforms were associated with changes in ...
O'Neill Brian - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the article are to assess the extent to which comparisons of motor-vehicle crash death rates can be used to determine the effectiveness of highway-safety policies over time in a country or to compare policy effectiveness across countries. METHODS: Motor-vehicle crash death rates per mile traveled in ...
Bennett M D MD - - 2006
To better understand, and ultimately prevent, infant/child homicide, it is imperative to more thoroughly elucidate the circumstances and conditions related to such instances. Data were obtained from the US National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) to illuminate circumstances related to homicide among children aged 4 years or less, and to ...
Tenho Mikko M Department of Physics, University of Turku, FI-20014 Turku, Finland. - - 2007
The aim of this study was to examine the effect of preferred orientation of crystallites, i.e. texture, on the intrinsic dissolution rate of some active pharmaceutical ingredients. Although it has often been speculated that the intrinsic dissolution of pharmaceutical tablets is affected by texture, no experimental evidence of this effect ...
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