Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1894
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Flaherman Valerie J - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To describe the incidence and predictors of total serum bilirubin (TSB) levels that meet or exceed American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) exchange transfusion (ET) thresholds in the setting of universal screening. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective cohort analysis of electronic data on 18 089 newborns ≥35 weeks gestation born ...
Shima Yoshio - - 2011
Intussusception occurring in premature infants is exceedingly rare and shows substantially different characteristics from that in the typical age group or non-premature neonates. We present a case of intussusception in an extremely premature infant following bacterial sepsis, in which necrotizing enterocolitis was initially suspected. The correct diagnosis was made at ...
Fretheim Atle - - 2011
Background. The use of supporting techniques to protect the perineum in the last phase of birth is controversial. The objective of this investigation was to gain more knowledge on the use of hand techniques for perineal support in Norwegian maternity wards. Material and method. A questionnaire investigation addressed to the ...
Turchetta Rosaria - - 2011
Objective: In this study, we have evaluated by means of auditory brainstem responses (ABR), in a population derived from a newborn hearing screening protocol, some aspects of maturation of the auditory pathways in the first months after birth, and the possible repercussions on early treatment. Materials and methods: In this ...
Ozdemir Ramazan - - 2011
Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of clarithromycin treatment in preventing bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in Ureaplasma urealyticum-positive preterm infants.Patients and Methods:Nasopharyngeal swabs for U urealyticum culture were taken from infants with a birth weight between 750 and 1250 g in the first 3 postnatal days. Infants with a positive culture ...
Zhang Xinwei - - 2011
To estimate the sero-prevalence of protective maternal measles antibodies among young infants and examine patterns of waning immunity in one of the poorest provinces in China, infants aged under 8 months and their mothers were randomly selected by multi-stage probabilistic sampling and blood samples were collected. Measles-specific IgG antibodies were ...
Burke Martyn J - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Hearing impairment in children across the world constitutes a particularly serious obstacle to their optimal development and education, including language acquisition. Around 0.5-6 in every 1000 neonates and infants have congenital or early childhood onset sensorineural deafness or severe-to-profound hearing impairment, with significant consequences. Therefore, early detection is a ...
Singh Neetu - - 2011
Objective:To compare the efficacy of a porcine surfactant (poractant alfa) versus bovine surfactants (beractant and calfactant) with respect to clinical outcomes among preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome.Methods:A search of major electronic databases, including Medline (1980-2010) and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, for randomized controlled trials that compared ...
Jones Jessica R - - 2011
Objectives:To estimate the proportions of US infants who were breastfed exclusively for 6 months, according to characteristics of the mother, child, and household environment, and to compare associations between those characteristics and exclusive breastfeeding with associations between those characteristics and breastfeeding initiation.Methods:Data were obtained from the 2007 National Survey of ...
Gabrielli Orazio - - 2011
Objective:Oligosaccharides represent one of the main components of human milk, and they have been assigned important biological functions for newborns. Qualitatively and quantitatively, their presence in milk is strictly related to the expression of the mother's Se and/or Le genes, on the basis of which 4 different milk groups have ...
Laughlin James - - 2011
Positional skull deformities may be present at birth or may develop during the first few months of life. Since the early 1990s, US pediatricians have seen an increase in the number of children with cranial asymmetry, particularly unilateral flattening of the occiput, likely attributable to parents following the American Academy ...
Zhu Jiajun - - 2011
To determine the relationship between total serum bilirubin (TSB) during the first 2 days of life and subsequent neonatal morbidity in very low birth weight (VLBW, less than 1500 g) infants. We performed a prospective study of 582 VLBW infants born between July 1, 2005 and December 31, 2009. TSB was measured ...
Segura-Correa José C - - 2011
Heritabilities and genetic correlations between birth weight (n = 13,741), adjusted 240-day weaning weight (WW, n = 8,806) and age at first calving (AFC, n = 3,955) of Brown Swiss cattle in Mexico were estimated. Data from 91 herds located in 19 of 32 states of Mexico from 1982 to 2006 were provided by the Mexican ...
Ahmadpour-Kacho Mousa - - 2011
Background:  Discharge of very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates from hospital is an important item and has a standard criterion worldwide. According to this criterion, VLBW infant will be discharged from hospital when weighting 1800-2100gr but in the newborn services at Amirkola children hospital (ACH), VLBW neonate discharge when reaching ...
Amir Lisa H - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Although some authors explain determinants of breastfeeding that occur in a dose-response manner as evidence of causality, we argue that dose-response relationships are not proof of a biological relationship between the variables. The relationship between maternal smoking and breastfeeding and maternal obesity and breastfeeding are similar: increasing levels of ...
Dumpa V - - 2012
To compare clinical outcomes of premature infants on synchronized nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (SNIPPV) vs nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) in the neonatal intensive care unit. Use of NIPPV in the neonatal intensive care unit has shown promise with better clinical outcomes in premature neonates. It is not ...
Rakshasbhuvankar Abhijeet - - 2011
Aim:  Perforated necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) and spontaneous intestinal perforation (SIP) in preterm infants are associated with high morbidity and mortality. The optimum surgical management during the acute stage remains unclear. The aim of the study was to compare the outcomes of preterm infants (gestational age at birth <30 weeks) with ...
Burkhardt Mary Carol - - 2011
Background. Food insecurity (FI) is common, but studies in families with infants are rare. Objectives. To determine prevalence of FI, assess the effect public benefits have on FI, assess strategies to stretch nutritional resources (eg, using generic formula), and investigate FI's relationship to anthropometric measurements. Methods. A cross-sectional survey was ...
Isaac C Prince Jebadass - - 2011
Lead levels in human breast milk and blood plasma or serum were analyzed and qualitatively their intelligence quotient (I.Q.) studied. Samples at different stages of lactation, from 5 days to 51 weeks post partum, were collected from 25 healthy breast-feeding mothers in Ranipet Industrial area of Vellore district of Tamil Nadu and ...
Matthey Stephen - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Infant sleep problems (ISP) are common and have known effects on parental mood. There is debate as to whether treatment strategies may impact on the infant's emotional health. AIMS: To compare the effectiveness of two treatment strategies for ISP on the infant's sleep, maternal mood, and the infant's emotional ...
Silins Vilnis - - 2011
Introduction:  Herniorraphy is a common surgical intervention in infants, particularly in those born prematurely. Prematurity and perioperative sedation have been shown to be risk factors for postoperative apnea. However, their influence upon PACU stay duration has not been evaluated. The goal of this study was to investigate predictive factors for ...
Rozendaal Anna M - - 2011
The Eurocat registry Northern Netherlands (NNL) has been used in regional context, as well as in national/international context, to describe the epidemiology of oral clefts (OC). However, the region NNL seems to have prevalence data different from Dutch national registries and certain other European areas. This may be due to ...
Jain Amish - - 2011
The use of plain radiographs in assessing the correct position of peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) line tips is not always accurate. Ultrasound may be a better modality in detecting tip position and aid in line manipulation. We assessed the accuracy of plain radiographs in determining PICC line tip position ...
Kempenaar Larissa Elisabeth - - 2011
While the benefits of breastfeeding are well established, few Scottish women exclusively breastfeed, as recommended nationally and internationally. Breastfeeding peer support can help mothers to breastfeed for longer, but the training peer supporters receive is variable and few studies have measured the effectiveness of peer supporter training. This study aimed ...
Kurosawa Kenji - - 2011
The rise in the rate of multiple births since the 1980s is due to the effect of advanced maternal age and increased use of assisted reproductive technology (ART). To determine the trends of prevalence in twin births, we studied the data of a population-based birth defects monitoring system during 26 ...
Kotagal Meera - - 2011
Iatrogenic arteriovenous fistulas (AVF) are well described in adults; however, this complication is rarely described and reported in infants. We report the case of a 3-month-old infant with complicated gastroschisis requiring multiple venipunctures who presented with signs and symptoms suggestive of traumatic arteriovenous fistula. Ultrasound imaging confirmed the presence of ...
Dizdar Evrim Alyamac - - 2012
We prospectively evaluated the differences in clinical responses and short-term outcomes in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) treated with poractant alfa or beractant. Premature infants with RDS were randomized to poractant alfa or beractant treatment between July 2008 and June 2009. Patients were followed until 40 weeks of ...
Sanders Don B - - 2012
Newborn screening (NBS) for CF has become widespread, although there are multiple strategies. Little is known about outcomes such as age of diagnosis after different NBS methods. We used the U.S. Cystic Fibrosis Foundation Patient Registry to identify infants with CF born between 2001 and 2008 in states that utilized ...
Ross A C AC Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA. - - 2012
HIV and antiretroviral (ART) exposure in utero may have deleterious effects on the infant, but uncertainty still exists. The objective of this study was to evaluate aspects of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) content, mitochondrial function and oxidative stress simultaneously in placenta, umbilical cord blood and infant blood in HIV/ART-exposed infants compared ...
Moffitt Karen B - - 2011
BACKGROUND Few population-based studies exist on descriptive epidemiologic characteristics of rare heritable birth defects. The number of birth defect cases in the Texas Birth Defects Registry (one of the largest active birth defects surveillance systems in the world) enabled us to examine six different heritable disorders (aqueductal stenosis, infantile polycystic ...
Vohr Betty R - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of a transition-home education and support program, BPD, and health insurance type on VLBW infant rehospitalizations at 3 and 7months corrected age. It was hypothesized that the transition-home program would be associated with decreased rehospitalizations between Phase 1 and 2, and public health insurance and ...
Chibber Rachana - - 2011
Abstract This study aims at (1) Assessing trends in maternal mortality in kuwait (2) Define strategies for prevention. Methods: Retrospective analysis of maternal deaths that occurred among, 55,979 live births at a tertiary hospital, between 1980 and 2009. Results: There were 14 maternal deaths, and 55979 live births, giving a ...
Trevisanuto Daniele - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine the correlation and the agreement between end-tidal carbon dioxide (ETCO(2) ) and partial pressure of arterial carbon dioxide (PaCO(2) ) in very low birth weight infants (VLBWI); furthermore, we assessed factors that could affect the ETCO(2) -PaCO(2) relationship. METHODS: Simultaneous end-tidal and arterial CO(2) pairs ...
Piteo A M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the influence of snoring and sleep duration on developmental outcomes in 6month old infants. METHODS: As part of a longitudinal study of snoring in infancy, we identified 16 children (13 males) who commenced snoring shortly after birth and continued to snore frequently (⩾3 nights/week) ...
Harteman Johanna C - - 2011
Aim  Periventricular haemorrhagic infarction (PVHI) is a complication of preterm birth associated with cardiorespiratory instability. To date, the role of thrombophilia as a possible additional risk factor in infants with atypical timing and presentation of PVHI has not been investigated. Method  This was a retrospective cohort study of preterm infants ...
Benzing Jörg - - 2011
Plasma concentrations of the stable endothelin-1 precursor, C-terminal portion of the endothelin-1 precursor, determined prospectively in 293 newborn infants (gestational age, 24-41 weeks) at birth and on day 3 of life were unrelated to gestational age at birth, but strongly associated with respiratory distress when measured on day 3 of ...
Erickson-Owens D A - - 2011
Objective:The study's objective was to compare hematocrit (Hct) levels at 36 to 48 h of age in term infants delivered by cesarean section exposed to immediate cord clamping or umbilical cord milking (UCM).Study Design:In this randomized controlled trial, 24 women scheduled for elective cesarean section were randomized to either immediate clamping ...
Kaandorp Joepe J - - 2011
ObjectiveFree-radical-induced reperfusion injury has been recognised as an important cause of brain tissue damage after birth asphyxia. Allopurinol reduces the formation of free radicals, thereby potentially limiting the amount of hypoxia-reperfusion damage. In this study the long-term outcome of neonatal allopurinol treatment after birth asphyxia was examined.DesignFollow-up of 4 to ...
Kibbe Melissa M - - 2011
What does an infant remember about a forgotten object? Although at age 6 months, infants can keep track of up to three hidden objects, they can remember the featural identity of only one. When infants forget the identity of an object, do they forget the object entirely, or do they ...
Satpute M D - - 2011
Objective:Following patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) ligation, preterm infants may develop profound hypotension and respiratory failure. Prophylactic stress hydrocortisone (HC) has emerged as a therapy to prevent complications, postulating these infants do not synthesize steroids because of an immature hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. The purpose of this study was to compare outcomes in ...
Carlo Waldemar A - - 2012
To determine whether resuscitation of infants who failed to develop effective breathing at birth increases survivors with neurodevelopmental impairment. Infants unresponsive to stimulation who received bag and mask ventilation at birth in a resuscitation trial and infants who did not require any resuscitation were randomized to early neurodevelopmental intervention or ...
Zhu Jiajun - - 2011
Abstract Aims: To explore the association between total serum bilirubin (TSB) level in umbilical cord blood (UCB) and the occurrence and/or severity of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Methods: We performed a prospective study of 579 VLBW infants. The mean TSB level in UCB ...
Farhat Essia Ben - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the number and causes of maternal deaths in Tunisia from 1999 to 2007, and compare the results with the last report (1993-1994). METHODS: Data on all deaths of women of reproductive age in the public (1999-2007) and private (2006 only) health sectors were collected and assessed for ...
Lopez-Medina Eduardo - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical characteristics and outcomes of infants hospitalized at <6 months of age with 2009 influenza A infection. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective laboratory surveillance and discharge International Classification of Disease, 9th edition codes for influenza infection were used to identify all infants hospitalized at <6 months of age ...
Sehgal Arvind - - 2011
Aim:  Management of haemodynamic instability in premature neonates and selection of inotropic therapy are protocol driven, and therapeutic choices lack scientific validation. The aim of this study was to characterise practices related to the management of haemodynamic instability in premature infants. Methods:  An electronic web-based questionnaire was emailed to all ...
Larios-Del Toro Y E - - 2011
Background/Objectives:To quantify the rate of progressive failure of very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants over time in the neonatal intensive care unit to meet growth milestones.Subjects/Methods:In a prospective longitudinal study, 114 VLBW preterm infants (1500 g) of both sexes, with normal and/or low weight for gestational age were included. At the start, weight, length, ...
van der Linde Denise - - 2011
Congenital heart disease (CHD) accounts for nearly one-third of all major congenital anomalies. CHD birth prevalence worldwide and over time is suggested to vary; however, a complete overview is missing. This systematic review included 114 papers, comprising a total study population of 24,091,867 live births with CHD identified in 164,396 ...
Watson Lyndsey F - - 2011
Objective. To investigate the relation of prior intracervical procedures with very preterm birth. Design. A population-based case-control study. Setting. The study was conducted in Australia between 2002 and 2004. Sample. 345 women having a medically indicated and 236 having a spontaneous singleton birth between 20 and 31 weeks of gestation ...
Brouwer Margaretha J - - 2011
Purpose:To establish new cross-sectional reference values for the size of the lateral ventricles in a large cohort of neonates between 24 and 42 weeks' gestational age (GA) as well as longitudinal reference values for the follow-up of very preterm infants born at less than 30 weeks' gestation.Materials and Methods:Institutional review ...
Jouhki Maija-Riitta - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To describe the decision-making process and birth experience of ten women in Finland who had planned to have a home birth. METHOD: The data were collected by means of in-depth interviews in 2008 and were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. RESULTS: Several reasons led to a decision to give ...
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