Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1869
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Agopian A J - - 2011
Spina bifida refers to a collection of neural tube defects, including myelomeningocele, meningocele, and myelocele (SB(M) ), as well as lipomyelomeningocele and lipomeningocele (SB(L) ). Maternal race/ethnicity has been associated with an increased risk for spina bifida among offspring. To better understand this relationship, we evaluated different spina bifida subtypes ...
Losh M - - 2012
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder of complex etiology. Although strong evidence supports the causal role of genetic factors, environmental risk factors have also been implicated. This study used a co-twin-control design to investigate low birth weight as a risk factor for ASD. We studied a population-based sample ...
Rao C - - 2011
Indonesia bears the third highest tuberculosis (TB) burden in the world. Current mortality estimates are based on notification and case fatality rates derived from the National TB Control Programme. To report TB mortality measures for 2007-2008 based on death registration systems in selected populations in five provinces of Indonesia. Data ...
Hanson Corrine - - 2011
Evidence suggests that adequate vitamin D status in infancy plays a role in improving bone health and preventing disease, including type 1 diabetes, infections, and asthma. The objective of this study was to provide newborn hospitalized infants with American Academy of Pediatrics recommendations of 400 IU/day vitamin D-3 and measure ...
Flores J Parra - - 2011
Two cases of acute gastroenteritis occurred in 5-month-old infants hospitalized in a mother-and-child hospital in Queretaro, Mexico, on 24 January 2010. C. sakazakii was recovered from the powdered infant formula (PIF), rehydrated PIF (R-PIF) fed to infants, and their fecal samples. The microorganism was present at levels of 0.33 most ...
Al-Ani Zaid R - - 2011
To study the infant mortality rate (IMR) trend during wars and sanction periods in Western Iraq. Data collected from the birth and death certificates of Haditha Health Vital Statistics Center, Haditha city (80,000 population), Western Iraq, included name, age, gender, residence, and infant's place and date of births and deaths, ...
Manfredi Alessandra Kerli da Silva - - 2011
PURPOSE: To analyze the otoacoustic emissions (OAE) of the newborn hearing screening of infants born to HIV-seropositive mothers. METHODS: It was carried out the Transient-Evoked OAE and the research of cochleopalpebral reflex in 247 full-term newborns with no risk factors for hearing. The Control Group (CG) comprised 167 infants, and ...
Kiran K - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to find the correlations between local and systemic manifestations during primary teeth eruption and the eruption of various groups of teeth. The infants selected for the study purpose were between 6 months to 3 years of age who had at least one erupting tooth. ...
Huppmann S - - 2011
The amiloride-sensitive epithelial sodium channel, ENaC, is thought to have a major role in clearing fluid from the alveoli immediately after birth. ENaC-α knockout mice die soon after birth from failure to clear their lungs of liquid. We report on a male infant born after 33 weeks of gestation with ...
Arnoldi R - - 2011
Delayed meconium passage, typical of premature newborns, is a predisposing condition for bowel perforation with a significant risk of morbidity and mortality.A retrospective study was undertaken to verify the entity of the disease, assess the average time to meconium passage in a neonatal population of very low birth weight (VLBW) ...
Basu S - - 2011
Ecthyma gangrenosum is a well-recognised cutaneous infection in critically ill and immunocompromised patients. It is commonly associated with Pseudomonas aeruginosa septicaemia. Classic lesions of ecthyma gangrenosum comprise deep ulcers with ecchymotic, gangrenous centres, bright red areolae and typical raised, purplish, indurated, rolled-out edges. We report ecthyma gangrenosum in a premature ...
Tauzin Laurent - - 2011
Aim:  Because New Caledonia is geographically isolated from the nearest cardiac surgical centre, surgical closure of ductus arteriosus is not performed in very low birth weight infants who have a persistent patent ductus in spite of having undergone treatment with ibuprofen. This study aimed at investigating the possible effect of ...
Sarikabadayi Yusuf Unal - - 2011
Purpose: We aimed to determine applicable guidelines for screening of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), and evaluate the contribution of risk factors for severe ROP. Methods: A prospective cohort study of neonates with a gestational age (GA) < 34 weeks or birth weight < 2000g who were admitted to the Neonatal ...
Valentini Nadia Cristina - - 2011
BackgroundThe Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS) is a well-known motor assessment tool used to identify potential delays on infant's motor development. Although Brazilian researchers and practitioners have used AIMS in laboratories and clinical settings, its translation to Portuguese and validation for the Brazilian population is yet to be investigated.ObjectiveThis study ...
Curfman Alison L - - 2011
The aim of this study was to measure the prevalence of premature thelarche in infant and toddler girls and to determine if environmental sources of estrogen were associated with early breast development. Observational with mixed methods: Retrospective chart review, cross-sectional component involving an interview survey, along with longitudinal follow-up of ...
Schmid Bianca - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Estimate the number of live births and, therefore, underreporting of live births. METHODS: The databases of the Live Birth Information System and the Civil Registry of the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics, from the second and third trimesters of 2006 in Sergipe state (Northeastern Brazil) were paired by ...
Yee Wendy H - - 2011
Ventilator-induced lung injury is a recognized risk factor for bronchopulmonary dysplasia. To determine whether primary continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), defined as CPAP without previous endotracheal intubation for any indication, can reduce the need for intubation and mechanical ventilation in infants born at ≤32 weeks' gestational age. The literature was ...
Thompson Deanne K - - 2012
The aim of this study was to relate altered corpus callosum (CC) integrity in 106 very preterm (VPT) infants (<30 weeks' gestational age or <1250 g birth weight) at term equivalent to perinatal predictors and neurodevelopmental outcomes at two years. T1 and diffusion magnetic resonance images were obtained. The CC ...
Gunther Janelle - - 2011
Despite the endemic nature of Entamoeba histolytica infection in the United States there is a lack of data on amebiasis-related mortality. We analyzed national death certificate data from 1990 to 2007 to assess the occurrence of amebiasis-related deaths and determine demographic and regional associations. A total of 134 deaths were ...
Subramanian Siva - - 2011
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) continues to be a major pulmonary complication in very low birth weight (VLBW) and extremely low birth weight (ELBW) survivors of neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). Many factors including partial pressures of carbon dioxide (PaCO: (2)) have been implicated as possible causes. Permissive hypercapnia has become a ...
Beck Jennifer - - 2011
The aim was to characterize the neural breathing pattern in nonintubated preterm infants. The diaphragm electrical activity (EAdi) and heart rate were simultaneously measured repeatedly for 1 h over several days using a modified feeding tube equipped with miniaturized sensors. The EAdi waveform was quantified for phasic and tonic activity, ...
Onyango-Makumbi Carolyne - - 2011
This phase III, randomized, clinical trial compared single-dose nevirapine (sdNVP) plus HIV hyperimmune globulin (HIVIGLOB) with sdNVP alone for preventing maternal-to-child transmission of HIV. Primary objectives were to determine rates of HIV infection among infants and to assess the safety of HIVIGLOB in combination with sdNVP in HIV-infected Ugandan pregnant ...
Miles Karen L KL Clinical Pharmacology Unit, University of Cambridge, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, UK. - - 2011
Accumulating evidence suggests that low birth weight is associated with increased cardiovascular risk. However, the relationship between birth weight, blood pressure, arterial stiffness and wave reflections as putative mechanisms is controversial. Data from 882 participants (mean age 21 years) were analysed. Participants underwent a detailed physiological assessment, including anthropometric measurement, ...
Shahjahan Md - - 2012
Shahjahan M, Ahmed MR, Rahman MM, Afroz A. Factors affecting newborn care practices in Bangladesh. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 2012; 26: 13-18. Newborn care is of immense importance for the proper development and healthy life of a baby. Although child and infant mortality in South Asia has reduced substantially, the ...
Trzaski Jennifer M - - 2011
We sought to identify factors associated with readiness to discontinue supplemental oxygen and to gain weight in very low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) approaching neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) discharge. From 2004 to 2009, VLBW infants ≥34 weeks' postmenstrual age (PMA) on nasal cannula supplemental oxygen were challenged ...
Flaherman Valerie J - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To describe the incidence and predictors of total serum bilirubin (TSB) levels that meet or exceed American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) exchange transfusion (ET) thresholds in the setting of universal screening. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective cohort analysis of electronic data on 18 089 newborns ≥35 weeks gestation born ...
Shima Yoshio - - 2011
Intussusception occurring in premature infants is exceedingly rare and shows substantially different characteristics from that in the typical age group or non-premature neonates. We present a case of intussusception in an extremely premature infant following bacterial sepsis, in which necrotizing enterocolitis was initially suspected. The correct diagnosis was made at ...
Fretheim Atle - - 2011
Background. The use of supporting techniques to protect the perineum in the last phase of birth is controversial. The objective of this investigation was to gain more knowledge on the use of hand techniques for perineal support in Norwegian maternity wards. Material and method. A questionnaire investigation addressed to the ...
Turchetta Rosaria - - 2011
Objective: In this study, we have evaluated by means of auditory brainstem responses (ABR), in a population derived from a newborn hearing screening protocol, some aspects of maturation of the auditory pathways in the first months after birth, and the possible repercussions on early treatment. Materials and methods: In this ...
Ozdemir Ramazan - - 2011
Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of clarithromycin treatment in preventing bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in Ureaplasma urealyticum-positive preterm infants.Patients and Methods:Nasopharyngeal swabs for U urealyticum culture were taken from infants with a birth weight between 750 and 1250 g in the first 3 postnatal days. Infants with a positive culture ...
Zhang Xinwei - - 2011
To estimate the sero-prevalence of protective maternal measles antibodies among young infants and examine patterns of waning immunity in one of the poorest provinces in China, infants aged under 8 months and their mothers were randomly selected by multi-stage probabilistic sampling and blood samples were collected. Measles-specific IgG antibodies were ...
Burke Martyn J - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Hearing impairment in children across the world constitutes a particularly serious obstacle to their optimal development and education, including language acquisition. Around 0.5-6 in every 1000 neonates and infants have congenital or early childhood onset sensorineural deafness or severe-to-profound hearing impairment, with significant consequences. Therefore, early detection is a ...
Singh Neetu - - 2011
Objective:To compare the efficacy of a porcine surfactant (poractant alfa) versus bovine surfactants (beractant and calfactant) with respect to clinical outcomes among preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome.Methods:A search of major electronic databases, including Medline (1980-2010) and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, for randomized controlled trials that compared ...
Jones Jessica R - - 2011
Objectives:To estimate the proportions of US infants who were breastfed exclusively for 6 months, according to characteristics of the mother, child, and household environment, and to compare associations between those characteristics and exclusive breastfeeding with associations between those characteristics and breastfeeding initiation.Methods:Data were obtained from the 2007 National Survey of ...
Gabrielli Orazio - - 2011
Objective:Oligosaccharides represent one of the main components of human milk, and they have been assigned important biological functions for newborns. Qualitatively and quantitatively, their presence in milk is strictly related to the expression of the mother's Se and/or Le genes, on the basis of which 4 different milk groups have ...
Laughlin James - - 2011
Positional skull deformities may be present at birth or may develop during the first few months of life. Since the early 1990s, US pediatricians have seen an increase in the number of children with cranial asymmetry, particularly unilateral flattening of the occiput, likely attributable to parents following the American Academy ...
Zhu Jiajun - - 2011
To determine the relationship between total serum bilirubin (TSB) during the first 2 days of life and subsequent neonatal morbidity in very low birth weight (VLBW, less than 1500 g) infants. We performed a prospective study of 582 VLBW infants born between July 1, 2005 and December 31, 2009. TSB was measured ...
Segura-Correa José C - - 2011
Heritabilities and genetic correlations between birth weight (n = 13,741), adjusted 240-day weaning weight (WW, n = 8,806) and age at first calving (AFC, n = 3,955) of Brown Swiss cattle in Mexico were estimated. Data from 91 herds located in 19 of 32 states of Mexico from 1982 to 2006 were provided by the Mexican ...
Ahmadpour-Kacho Mousa - - 2011
Background:  Discharge of very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates from hospital is an important item and has a standard criterion worldwide. According to this criterion, VLBW infant will be discharged from hospital when weighting 1800-2100gr but in the newborn services at Amirkola children hospital (ACH), VLBW neonate discharge when reaching ...
Amir Lisa H - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Although some authors explain determinants of breastfeeding that occur in a dose-response manner as evidence of causality, we argue that dose-response relationships are not proof of a biological relationship between the variables. The relationship between maternal smoking and breastfeeding and maternal obesity and breastfeeding are similar: increasing levels of ...
Dumpa V - - 2012
To compare clinical outcomes of premature infants on synchronized nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (SNIPPV) vs nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) in the neonatal intensive care unit. Use of NIPPV in the neonatal intensive care unit has shown promise with better clinical outcomes in premature neonates. It is not ...
Rakshasbhuvankar Abhijeet - - 2011
Aim:  Perforated necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) and spontaneous intestinal perforation (SIP) in preterm infants are associated with high morbidity and mortality. The optimum surgical management during the acute stage remains unclear. The aim of the study was to compare the outcomes of preterm infants (gestational age at birth <30 weeks) with ...
Burkhardt Mary Carol - - 2011
Background. Food insecurity (FI) is common, but studies in families with infants are rare. Objectives. To determine prevalence of FI, assess the effect public benefits have on FI, assess strategies to stretch nutritional resources (eg, using generic formula), and investigate FI's relationship to anthropometric measurements. Methods. A cross-sectional survey was ...
Isaac C Prince Jebadass - - 2011
Lead levels in human breast milk and blood plasma or serum were analyzed and qualitatively their intelligence quotient (I.Q.) studied. Samples at different stages of lactation, from 5 days to 51 weeks post partum, were collected from 25 healthy breast-feeding mothers in Ranipet Industrial area of Vellore district of Tamil Nadu and ...
Matthey Stephen - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Infant sleep problems (ISP) are common and have known effects on parental mood. There is debate as to whether treatment strategies may impact on the infant's emotional health. AIMS: To compare the effectiveness of two treatment strategies for ISP on the infant's sleep, maternal mood, and the infant's emotional ...
Silins Vilnis - - 2011
Introduction:  Herniorraphy is a common surgical intervention in infants, particularly in those born prematurely. Prematurity and perioperative sedation have been shown to be risk factors for postoperative apnea. However, their influence upon PACU stay duration has not been evaluated. The goal of this study was to investigate predictive factors for ...
Rozendaal Anna M - - 2011
The Eurocat registry Northern Netherlands (NNL) has been used in regional context, as well as in national/international context, to describe the epidemiology of oral clefts (OC). However, the region NNL seems to have prevalence data different from Dutch national registries and certain other European areas. This may be due to ...
Jain Amish - - 2011
The use of plain radiographs in assessing the correct position of peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) line tips is not always accurate. Ultrasound may be a better modality in detecting tip position and aid in line manipulation. We assessed the accuracy of plain radiographs in determining PICC line tip position ...
Kempenaar Larissa Elisabeth - - 2011
While the benefits of breastfeeding are well established, few Scottish women exclusively breastfeed, as recommended nationally and internationally. Breastfeeding peer support can help mothers to breastfeed for longer, but the training peer supporters receive is variable and few studies have measured the effectiveness of peer supporter training. This study aimed ...
Kurosawa Kenji - - 2011
The rise in the rate of multiple births since the 1980s is due to the effect of advanced maternal age and increased use of assisted reproductive technology (ART). To determine the trends of prevalence in twin births, we studied the data of a population-based birth defects monitoring system during 26 ...
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