Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1903
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Santana Marta - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of the Family Health Strategy on infant mortality surveillance. METHODS: An ecologic study was performed with a multiple group design, and the unit of analysis was municipalities in Bahia state (Northeastern Brazil) in 2008. The 3,947 deaths analyzed were obtained from the Mortality Information System, ...
Gizzo Salvatore - - 2012
The effect of epidural analgesia on labor and effective breastfeeding is still being debated. The aim of this study is to define its impact on the trend of labor, the newborns' well-being, and early breastfeeding. We considered first-term physiologic pregnant women who delivered by the vaginal route. We divided them ...
O'Connor Deborah L DL Physiology and Experimental Medicine Program, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, - - 2012
Human milk (HM) is the optimal way to nourish preterm low birth weight (LBW) infants after hospital discharge. However, there are few data on which to assess whether HM alone is sufficient to address hospital-acquired nutrition deficits, and no adequately powered studies have examined this question using neurodevelopment as an ...
Chibber Rachana R Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait University, Kuwait. - - 2012
This study aims at (1) Assessing trends in maternal mortality in kuwait (2) Define strategies for prevention. Retrospective analysis of maternal deaths that occurred among, 55,979 live births at a tertiary hospital, between 1980 and 2009. There were 14 maternal deaths, and 55,979 live births, giving a maternal mortality rate ...
Sari Fatma Nur - - 2011
Background/Aim: To evaluate the association between the cortisol levels and clinical outcomes in preterm infants. Methods: Baseline adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and cortisol levels and ACTH-stimulated cortisol concentrations after low-dose synthetic ACTH (Synacthen®, 1 μg/kg) were measured in preterm infants <37 weeks of gestational age between the 5th and 7th days ...
Wilcox Teresa - - 2012
A growing number of sex differences in infancy have been reported. One task on which they have been observed reliably is the event-mapping task. In event mapping, infants view an occlusion event involving 1 or 2 objects, the occluder is removed, and then infants see 1 object. Typically, boys are ...
Witcombe Nicole B - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:Impaired blood pressure (BP) control may underpin the increased incidence of the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in preterm infants. This study aimed to examine the effects of preterm birth, postnatal age, and sleep state on BP control by measuring baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) across the first 6 months of term-corrected ...
Piroutek Mary Jane - - 2011
Objective. To describe the incidence of bilious vomiting in infants with infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis that presented to a pediatric emergency department. Methods. A retrospective medical record review included all infants who presented to our level 1 pediatric emergency department from January 1, 2005, through December 31, 2009, who were ...
Sanders William - - 2011
Abstract The rate of premature infant mortality has decreased over the last several decades, with an accompanying decrease in the gestational age of premature infants who survive to hospital discharge. Emergency medical services (EMS) providers are sometimes called to provide prehospital care for infants born at the edge of viability. ...
Terrin Gianluca - - 2012
Gastric acidity is a major nonimmune defense mechanism against infections. The objective of this study was to investigate whether ranitidine treatment in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants is associated with an increased risk of infections, necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), and fatal outcome. Newborns with birth weight between 401 and 1500 ...
Ersoy Y - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Adenovirus keratoconjunctivitis outbreaks have rarely been reported in preterm infants. An outbreak of adenovirus conjunctivitis occurred between 15 January and 25 February at a neonatal intensive care unit of a university hospital in Turkey. AIM: To describe the evolution, investigation and management of the outbreak. METHODS: Adenovirus type 8 ...
Tai I-Chen - - 2011
PURPOSE: To define the clinical manifestations of rotavirus (RV) infection in neonates and young infants hospitalized in neonatal care units, which are rarely reported. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From October 2008 to September 2010, a total of 153 stool specimens positive for RV were detected from 100 neonates and young infants ...
Ciftçi Esra K - - 2011
Aim and objective.  This study was conducted to determine the effect of training administered to working mothers and its duration on maternal anxiety levels and breastfeeding habits. Background.  Within the scope of Health for All in the 21st Century project, a goal was set to increase the rate of infants ...
Skowronski Danuta M - - 2011
Background. Parental immunization has been recommended as a "cocoon" strategy to prevent serious pertussis outcomes in early infancy. We illustrate the high number needed to vaccinate (NNV) for this program based on recent epidemiologic data from the provinces of Québec and British Columbia (BC), Canada.Methods. Surveillance trends were summarized for the period ...
Zimmerman E - - 2012
To examine the role of vestibular inputs on respiratory and oromotor systems in healthy preterm infants. A total of 27 preterm infants were quasi-randomly assigned to either the VestibuGlide treatment or control groups. VestibuGlide infants were held in a developmentally supportive position, given a pacifier and received a series of ...
Rastogi Shantanu - - 2012
Objective. Identification of the weight and postmenstrual age (PMA) at successful weaning of NCPAP in preterm neonates and the factors influencing the successful wean. Study Design. Retrospective review of 454 neonates ≤32 weeks of gestational age (GA) who were placed on NCPAP and successfully weaned to room air was performed. ...
Shah T A TA Department of Pediatrics, Perinatal Institute, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, - - 2012
We sought to determine the incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and spontaneous intestinal perforation (SIP) in surviving extremely low-birth-weight (ELBW, <1000 g birth weight) infants and to establish the impact of NEC on outcomes by hospital discharge and at 18 to 22 months adjusted age in a large, contemporary, population-based ...
Leviton Alan - - 2012
To compare the frequency of elevated concentrations of inflammation-related proteins in the blood of infants born before the 28th week of gestation who had documented bacteraemia and those who had presumed (antibiotic-treated but culture-negative) bacteraemia to those who had neither. The subjects of this study are the 868 infants born ...
Koura Ghislain K - - 2011
To determine the effect of maternal anaemia on pregnancy outcome and describe its impact on infant haemoglobin level in the first 18 months of life, we conducted a prospective study of 617 pregnant women and their children in Benin. Prevalence of maternal anaemia at delivery was 39.5%, and 61.1% of newborns ...
Yazgan Hamza - - 2011
Abstract It is a globally accepted fact that breastfeeding reduces infant mortality and morbidity, optimizes infant growth, is superior to other forms of nutrition for infants, and has economic advantages for the family and the country. This case study reports a new mother who stopped breastfeeding her baby because her ...
Liaw Jen-Jiuan - - 2011
In this prospective, descriptive study, we used a repeated-measures design to explore the 24-hour effects of caregiving and positioning on preterm infants' states and the factors associated with state changes. Thirty preterm infants (gestational age 27.6-36.1 weeks) were observed for 3 days in the neonatal intensive care unit to record ...
Fernández Ibone Olza - - 2011
Abstract Emergency peripartum hysterectomy (EPH) is usually performed in cases of intractable obstetric hemorrhage unresponsive to conservative treatment. EPH is associated with a high incidence of maternal morbidity and mortality. Most of these women do not have the opportunity to even start breastfeeding. We report a case where breastfeeding was ...
Gil-Campos Mercedes - - 2011
The objective of the study was to evaluate the safety and tolerance of an infant formula supplemented with Lactobacillus fermentum CECT5716, a probiotic strain isolated from breast milk, in infants of 1-6 months of age. A randomized double blinded controlled study including healthy infants was conducted. One month aged infants ...
Mostafa-Gharehbaghi Manizheh - - 2011
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), also known as chronic lung disease, is one of the most challenging complications in premature newborn infants. Selenium plays a role in antioxidant system by protecting cell membranes and neutralizing the deleterious effects of free radicals. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between ...
Abrahamsson Thomas R - - 2012
It is debated whether a low total diversity of the gut microbiota in early childhood is more important than an altered prevalence of particular bacterial species for the increasing incidence of allergic disease. The advent of powerful, cultivation-free molecular methods makes it possible to characterize the total microbiome down to ...
Kitsommart Ratchada - - 2011
Pneumothorax is a common complication in infants receiving assisted ventilation. The appropriate management of this condition is not always clearly defined, especially when a large air leak and mediastinal shift are present but the infant is hemodynamically stable. Despite the complications associated with chest tube placement, this remains the most ...
Payne Nathaniel R - - 2011
BACKGROUND:Although reports of reduced nosocomial infections (NI) in very low birth weight infants have been published, the durability of these gains and changes in secondary outcomes, and clinical practices have less often been published.METHODS:This was a retrospective, observational study of NI reduction in very low birth weight infants at two ...
Aydemir O - - 2011
This study aimed to investigate the global oxidant/antioxidant status of infants with perinatal asphyxia and its relation to neurological outcomes. A prospective controlled study including term infants with perinatal asphyxia was conducted. Blood samples were obtained from patients and controls at 6-24 h and on the 3rd day of life for ...
Noble Yolande - - 2011
Aim  The aim of this study was to systematically review the clinimetric properties of longitudinal neonatal neurobehavioural and neuromotor assessments for preterm infants. Method  Twenty-seven assessment measures were identified. The following eight measures met the study inclusion criteria: Assessment of Preterm Infants' Behaviour (APIB), Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Network Neurobehavioural ...
Wynn James L - - 2012
Candidiasis carries a significant risk of death or neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) in extremely low birth weight infants (ELBW; <1000 g). We sought to determine the impact of candiduria in ELBW preterm infants. Our study was a secondary analysis of the Neonatal Research Network study Early Diagnosis of Nosocomial Candidiasis. Follow-up ...
Song Lulu - - 2011
We longitudinally investigated parental language context and infants' language experiences in relation to Dominican American and Mexican American infants' vocabularies. Mothers provided information on parental language context, comprising measures of parents' language background (i.e., childhood language) and current language use during interviews at infants' birth. Infants' language experiences were measured ...
Ismail Intan H - - 2011
To cite this article: Ismail IH, Oppedisano F, Joseph SJ, Boyle RJ, Robins-Browne RM, Tang MLK. Prenatal administration of Lactobacillus rhamnosus has no effect on the diversity of the early infant gut microbiota. Pediatric Allergy Immunology 2011: Doi: 10.1111/j.1399-3038.2011.01239.x ABSTRACT: We have recently shown that maternal administration of Lactobacillus rhamnosus ...
Yorifuji Takashi - - 2011
Exposure to air pollution has been demonstrated to increase the risk of preterm birth and low birth weight. We examined whether proximity to major roads (as a marker of exposure to air pollution) is associated with increased placenta/birth weight ratio (as a biomarker of the placental transport function). Data on ...
Pampal Arzu - - 2011
Bloody nipple discharge in the infantile period is an uncommon finding. Despite its stressful course to the parents, it is generally a benign condition with a spontaneous resolution. The approach to bloody nipple discharge in the infantile period is well documented in the literature even though the number of these ...
Ohls Robin K - - 2012
To compare reticulocyte responses of once-per-week erythropoietin (EPO) dosing with 3-times-a-week dosing in preterm infants. Infants weighing ≤ 1500 g and ≥ 7 days of age were randomized to once-per-week EPO, 1200 U/kg/dose, or 3-times-a-week EPO, 400 U/kg/dose, subcutaneously for 4 weeks, along with iron and vitamin supplementation. Complete blood ...
Agopian A J - - 2011
Spina bifida refers to a collection of neural tube defects, including myelomeningocele, meningocele, and myelocele (SB(M) ), as well as lipomyelomeningocele and lipomeningocele (SB(L) ). Maternal race/ethnicity has been associated with an increased risk for spina bifida among offspring. To better understand this relationship, we evaluated different spina bifida subtypes ...
Losh M - - 2012
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder of complex etiology. Although strong evidence supports the causal role of genetic factors, environmental risk factors have also been implicated. This study used a co-twin-control design to investigate low birth weight as a risk factor for ASD. We studied a population-based sample ...
Onyango-Makumbi Carolyne C Makerere University, Johns Hopkins University Research Collaboration/MU-JHU CARE LTD, Kampala, Uganda. - - 2011
This phase III, randomized, clinical trial compared single-dose nevirapine (sdNVP) plus HIV hyperimmune globulin (HIVIGLOB) with sdNVP alone for preventing maternal-to-child transmission of HIV. Primary objectives were to determine rates of HIV infection among infants and to assess the safety of HIVIGLOB in combination with sdNVP in HIV-infected Ugandan pregnant ...
Hanson Corrine - - 2011
Evidence suggests that adequate vitamin D status in infancy plays a role in improving bone health and preventing disease, including type 1 diabetes, infections, and asthma. The objective of this study was to provide newborn hospitalized infants with American Academy of Pediatrics recommendations of 400 IU/day vitamin D-3 and measure ...
Curfman Alison L - - 2011
The aim of this study was to measure the prevalence of premature thelarche in infant and toddler girls and to determine if environmental sources of estrogen were associated with early breast development. Observational with mixed methods: Retrospective chart review, cross-sectional component involving an interview survey, along with longitudinal follow-up of ...
Schmid Bianca - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Estimate the number of live births and, therefore, underreporting of live births. METHODS: The databases of the Live Birth Information System and the Civil Registry of the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics, from the second and third trimesters of 2006 in Sergipe state (Northeastern Brazil) were paired by ...
Rao C - - 2011
Indonesia bears the third highest tuberculosis (TB) burden in the world. Current mortality estimates are based on notification and case fatality rates derived from the National TB Control Programme. To report TB mortality measures for 2007-2008 based on death registration systems in selected populations in five provinces of Indonesia. Data ...
Flores J Parra - - 2011
Two cases of acute gastroenteritis occurred in 5-month-old infants hospitalized in a mother-and-child hospital in Queretaro, Mexico, on 24 January 2010. C. sakazakii was recovered from the powdered infant formula (PIF), rehydrated PIF (R-PIF) fed to infants, and their fecal samples. The microorganism was present at levels of 0.33 most ...
Sarikabadayi Yusuf Unal - - 2011
Purpose: We aimed to determine applicable guidelines for screening of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), and evaluate the contribution of risk factors for severe ROP. Methods: A prospective cohort study of neonates with a gestational age (GA) < 34 weeks or birth weight < 2000g who were admitted to the Neonatal ...
Manfredi Alessandra Kerli da Silva - - 2011
PURPOSE: To analyze the otoacoustic emissions (OAE) of the newborn hearing screening of infants born to HIV-seropositive mothers. METHODS: It was carried out the Transient-Evoked OAE and the research of cochleopalpebral reflex in 247 full-term newborns with no risk factors for hearing. The Control Group (CG) comprised 167 infants, and ...
Beck Jennifer - - 2011
The aim was to characterize the neural breathing pattern in nonintubated preterm infants. The diaphragm electrical activity (EAdi) and heart rate were simultaneously measured repeatedly for 1 h over several days using a modified feeding tube equipped with miniaturized sensors. The EAdi waveform was quantified for phasic and tonic activity, ...
Miles Karen L KL Clinical Pharmacology Unit, University of Cambridge, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, UK. - - 2011
Accumulating evidence suggests that low birth weight is associated with increased cardiovascular risk. However, the relationship between birth weight, blood pressure, arterial stiffness and wave reflections as putative mechanisms is controversial. Data from 882 participants (mean age 21 years) were analysed. Participants underwent a detailed physiological assessment, including anthropometric measurement, ...
Thompson Deanne K DK Florey Neuroscience Institutes, Centre for Neuroscience, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Vic 3010, Australia. - - 2012
The aim of this study was to relate altered corpus callosum (CC) integrity in 106 very preterm (VPT) infants (<30 weeks' gestational age or <1250 g birth weight) at term equivalent to perinatal predictors and neurodevelopmental outcomes at two years. T1 and diffusion magnetic resonance images were obtained. The CC ...
Gunther Janelle - - 2011
Despite the endemic nature of Entamoeba histolytica infection in the United States there is a lack of data on amebiasis-related mortality. We analyzed national death certificate data from 1990 to 2007 to assess the occurrence of amebiasis-related deaths and determine demographic and regional associations. A total of 134 deaths were ...
Kiran K - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to find the correlations between local and systemic manifestations during primary teeth eruption and the eruption of various groups of teeth. The infants selected for the study purpose were between 6 months to 3 years of age who had at least one erupting tooth. ...
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >