Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1898
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Yadav Sucheta - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of bubble and conventional nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in preventing extubation failure (EF) in preterm infants. METHODS: Infants of gestation ≤32 wk and birth weight <1500 g, ready for initial extubation within first wk of life were randomly allocated to either bubble (n = 16) or conventional ...
Eckert G U - - 2012
This study describes the development of a score based on cumulative risk factors for the prediction of severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) comparing the performance of the score against the birth weight (BW) and gestational age (GA) in order to predict the onset of ROP. A prospective cohort of preterm ...
Kato Toru - - 2011
We report a preterm infant, who showed abnormal amplitude-integrated electroencephalogram (aEEG) findings 1h after birth and later developed cystic periventricular leukomalacia (PVL). The patient was a girl with a gestational age of 29weeks. She was delivered by emergency cesarean section because of placental abruption and intrauterine co-twin demise. Artificial ventilation ...
Ohman Anna - - 2011
Infants with congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) are at risk of developing skull asymmetry. The aim of this study was to investigate the inter-rater and intra-rater reliability of a modified "severity scale for assessment of plagiocephaly" among physical therapists (PT). Thirty-nine members of a network of PTs working with infants with ...
Saeedeh Tarvij Eslami - - 2011
Background/Objective:  To evaluate the characteristics and accuracy of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) values of neonatal meningitis, we compared CSF values in newborns and infants until 2 months old with or without meningitis. Methods.  This case-control study was performed on 120 newborns and infants until 2 months old. 60 patients with meningitis ...
Savino A - - 2011
Purpose: Thyroidal hormones are important for bone development, and ultrasonographic (US) evaluation of the distal femoral epiphysis (DFE) has recently been suggested as a new method for the assessment of skeletal maturity in infants. A delayed bone maturation, expressed by a smaller or absent DFE nucleus (in terms of DFE ...
Chowdhury Olie - - 2011
ObjectivesTo determine the impact of different volume-targeted (VT) levels during volume-targeted ventilation (VTV) on the work of breathing (WOB) of infants born at or near term and to investigate whether a level of VT reduced the WOB below that experienced on respiratory support without VT.DesignProspective crossover study.PatientsSixteen infants, median gestational ...
van Pul C - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Signal-intensity abnormalities in the PLIC and thinning of the CC are often seen in preterm infants and associated with poor outcome. DTI is able to detect subtle abnormalities. We used FT to select bundles of interest (CC and PLIC) to acquire additional information on the WMI.MATERIALS AND METHODS:One ...
Igwegbe Anthony O - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of the introduction of the Service Compact with all Nigerians (SERVICOM) contract on maternal health at Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Nigeria. METHODS: A retrospective and comparative study of maternal deaths between 2004 and 2010 was carried out. The main outcome measures were yearly ...
Coovadia Hoosen M - - 2012
Nevirapine given once-daily for the first 6, 14, or 28 weeks of life to infants exposed to HIV-1 via breastfeeding reduces transmission through this route compared with single-dose nevirapine at birth or neonatally. We aimed to assess incremental safety and efficacy of extension of such prophylaxis to 6 months. In ...
Imwong Mallika M Department of Molecular Tropical Medicine and Genetics, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, - - 2012
In a prospective infant cohort, 21 infants developed Plasmodium vivax malaria during their first year. Twelve of their mothers also had vivax malaria in the corresponding pregnancies or postpartum period. The genotypes of the maternal and infant infections were all different. Eight of the 12 mothers and 9 of the ...
Yin Jie - - 2011
Human breast milk samples collected from mothers (n=110) who lived in Chengdu, Sichuan Province, southwestern China in 2009 were analyzed to determine the concentrations of 13 musk compounds. Possible relationships between musk concentrations and some personal characteristics were also studied. Only five target analytes were detected in the milk samples ...
O'Shea Joyce E - - 2012
Introduction:To better understand whether preeclampsia (PE) increases the risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD).Results:Of 753 infants alive at 36 wks, 138 (18.3%) were exposed to PE. BPD was not significantly related to exposure to PE either before (odds ratio (OR) 0.73; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.50, 1.06) or after adjustment for ...
Payne Matthew S - - 2012
Multiplex, real-time PCR for the identification of Ureaplasma urealyticum and Ureaplasma parvum was performed on nucleic acids extracted from sequential endotracheal aspirates obtained from preterm neonates born at <29 weeks of gestation and ventilated for more than 48 h admitted to two level 3 neonatal intensive care units. Specimens were ...
Shimi M Sami El - - 2011
Abstract Objective: Intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH) is a major problem in premature infants. Our objective is to assess the early predictive value of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) for development of IVH and management of its squeal in preterm neonates. Methods:We prospectively studied 150 preterm neonates (PT) less than 34 weeks ...
Johnson Leigh F - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Guidelines for treatment of pediatric HIV have recently changed to recommend that all infants who are identified as HIV-infected should start antiretroviral treatment (ART) immediately, regardless of their immunologic or clinical status. This study aims to assess the likely impact of this change in guideline in South Africa. METHODS:: ...
Doheny Laura - - 2011
Abstract Objective. Preterm infants experience frequent cardiorespiratory events (CREs) including multiple episodes of apnea and bradycardia per day. This physiological instability is due to their immature autonomic nervous system and limited capacity for self-regulation. This study examined whether systematic exposure to maternal sounds can reduce the frequency of CREs in ...
Hespos Susan J - - 2011
Infants can track small groups of solid objects, and infants can respond when these quantities change. But earlier work is equivocal about whether infants can track continuous substances, such as piles of sand. Experiment 1 (N = 88) used a habituation paradigm to show infants can register changes in the size of ...
Samad L - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Intussusception is the most common cause of acute intestinal obstruction in infants. This study examined the clinical presentation, management and outcomes of intussusception in this age group. METHODS: Prospective surveillance of intussusception in infants was carried out between March 2008 and March 2009 in the UK and Ireland. Monthly ...
Nordhov S Marianne - - 2011
OBJECTIVES:The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of an early intervention program on behavioral outcomes at corrected age of 5 years for children with birth weights (BWs) of <2000 g.METHODS:A randomized controlled trial of a modified version of the Mother-Infant Transaction Program was performed. Outcomes were measured ...
Saraswat A - - 2011
Aim:  To identify the optimal sensor application method which gave the quickest display of accurate heart rate (HR) data using the Nellcor OxiMax N-600x pulse oximeter (PO). Methods:  Stable infants who were monitored with an electrocardiograph were included. Three sensor application techniques were studied: (1) sensor connected to cable, then ...
Chappé Céline - - 2011
Human Astrovirus (HAstV) is a causative agent in pediatric viral epidemic gastroenteritis but its role in neonatal pathology is not established. Aim:  To describe clinical signs associated with HAstV in stools in neonatal units. Methods:  During 2005-2006 all stool virology performed for isolated digestive symptoms or suspicion of neonatal infection ...
Manzoni Paolo - - 2011
BACKGROUND:Lactoferrin is a mammalian milk glycoprotein involved in innate immunity. Recent data show that bovine lactoferrin (bLF) prevents late-onset sepsis in preterm very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates.METHODS:This is a secondary analysis of data from a multicenter randomized controlled trial where preterm VLBW neonates randomly received bLF (100 mg/day; group ...
Wainer Stephen - - 2011
OBJECTIVES:Our goal was to assess the impact of programmatic and coordinated use of transcutaneous bilirubinometry (TcB) on the incidence of severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia and measures of laboratory, hospital, and nursing resource utilization.METHODS:We compared the neonatal hyperbilirubinemia-related outcomes of 14 796 prospectively enrolled healthy infants ≥35 weeks gestation offered routine TcB ...
Séguéla Pierre-Emmanuel - - 2012
The association between long QT interval and sudden infant death syndrome has been clearly established. Several studies have been conducted to determine the evolution of the QT interval in childhood from birth, but only in full-term newborns. However, data on the QT interval in pre-term infants are extremely scarce. The ...
Engmann Cyril - - 2011
Objective  To calculate perinatal mortality (stillbirth and early neonatal death: END) rates in the Upper East region of Ghana and characterize community-based stillbirths and END in terms of timing, cause of death, and maternal and infant risk factors. Methods  Birth outcomes were obtained from the Navrongo Health and Demographic Surveillance ...
Xu Xijin - - 2011
To assess the impact of exposure to informal e-waste recycling on birth outcomes. We compared record-based birth outcomes (n=24,493) and levels of cord blood lead (CBPb) (n=531) in Guiyu and a control area in Xiamen. Guiyu births showed significantly higher rates of adverse birth outcomes including stillbirth (4.72% vs. 1.03%), ...
Dorum Sevil - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine the level and distribution of Cystatin C values in full-term and preterm healthy neonates for the purpose of diagnosis and follow-up of renal diseases of the neonates. METHODS: Eighty-eight newborn infants, including 55 preterm and 33 term born in the authors' hospital having no urinary tract pathology, ...
Bettelheim K A - - 2011
Several studies have indicated a possible causative role of toxigenic bacteria in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). This study examined the effect of toxigenic E. coli on pregnant and infant mice to determine if these animals could be used as a model for SIDS pathogenesis. Strains of E. coli from ...
Chowdhury Olie - - 2011
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is widely used in neonatal units both as a primary mode of respiratory support and following extubation from mechanical ventilation. In this review, the evidence for CPAP use particularly in prematurely born infants is considered. Studies comparing methods of CPAP generation have yielded conflicting results, ...
Boghossian Nansi S - - 2012
To examine prevalence, characteristics, interventions, and mortality of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants with trisomy 21 (T21), trisomy 18 (T18), trisomy 13 (T13), or triploidy. Infants with birth weight 401-1500 g admitted to centers of the Vermont Oxford Network during 1994-2009 were studied. A majority of the analyses are ...
Tremoulet Adriana H AH UC San Diego Pediatric Research Center, 7910 Frost St, #360, San Diego, CA 92123, USA. - - 2012
Lamivudine is a nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor widely used in infants and children in combination antiretroviral therapy to treat human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Developmental changes in lamivudine pharmacokinetic disposition were assessed by combining data from 7 studies of lamivudine (Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group 300, 353, 356, 358, 386, ...
Kimouli Maria - - 2011
Bacillus pumilus is an environmental contaminant that has been rarely associated with clinical infections. Two cases of B. pumilus severe sepsis are described in two full-term neonates, one in a female infant without any predisposing factor and the other in a male infant in mechanical ventilation with intravenous catheter. In ...
Zayek M M - - 2011
Objective:To determine the impact of cerebellar hemorrhage (CH) on mortality and adverse neurodevelopmental (ND) outcome rates in extremely preterm infants admitted to a tertiary neonatal unit.Study Design:A total of 1120 eligible infants (<28 weeks gestation) were born from 1998 to 2008 and had at least one cranial ultrasound. ND outcome ...
Benitz William E - - 2011
Persistent patency of the ductus arteriosus in the preterm infant is associated with numerous morbidities, including higher rates of bronchopulmonary dysplasia and increased mortality. These strong associations have led to widespread use of cyclooxygenase inhibitors and surgical ligation to achieve ductal closure in the expectation that closing the ductus will ...
Murthy Vadivelam - - 2011
ObjectiveTo study the first five inflations during the resuscitation of prematurely born infants and whether the infant's inspiratory efforts influenced the expired tidal volume.DesignProspective observational study.SettingTwo tertiary perinatal centres.PatientsThirty infants, median gestational age 30 (23-34) weeks.InterventionsThe first five inflations delivered via a face mask and t-piece device were examined using ...
Ponnusamy Vennila - - 2011
ObjectiveCulture of percutaneous central venous line (PCVL) segments may assist the diagnosis of line colonisation and catheter-related sepsis (CRS). The authors aimed to determine if the diagnosis of CRS and colonisation of PCVLs in neonates is improved by the culture of the proximal and middle segments of the line in ...
Zahran Sammy - - 2011
We investigate the relationship between maternal exposure to benzene and birth weight outcomes for resident births in the United States in 1996 and 1999, taking advantage of a natural experiment afforded by the regulation of benzene content of gasoline in various American cities. Regression results show that a unit increase ...
Mona Eng Patricia - - 2011
BACKGROUND: To estimate the incidence of intussusception among infants treated in inpatient and emergency department settings during the period preceding the US launch of second generation rotavirus vaccines. METHODS: From a large US health insurance claims database, we sampled 100,000 Infants aged 1 to 3 months at first diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis ...
Walsh Paul - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Central apnoea occurs in infants and if not detected leads to death. Central apnoea is a prostaglandin E(2)(PGE2) mediated effect that is susceptible to pharmacologic manipulation in animal models. Paracetamol and ibuprofen are centrally and peripherally acting PGE2 inhibitors respectively. AIM: To determine if infants who had received paracetamol ...
Takeuchi Masato - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Earlier studies reported that infants <12 months of age were at high risk of hospitalization for 2009 pandemic influenza A H1N1 virus (2009 H1N1) infection, but there was little information about the clinical courses in these patients. METHODS:: A retrospective study was performed using the nationwide inpatient Diagnosis Procedure ...
Callaghan Jane E M - - 2011
The promotion of breastfeeding is an important focus of intervention for professionals working to improve infant health outcomes. Literature in this area focuses largely on 'choices' and 'barriers to breastfeeding'. It is our argument, however, that women's cultural context plays a key role in infant feeding 'choices'. In this article, ...
Kermorvant-Duchemin Elsa - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Accurate data on the optimal chloride intake in premature infants are scarce. OBJECTIVE:: To describe chloride (Cl) intakes in the first 10 days (D) of life and to assess the relationships between high Cl intakes and corrected serum chloride level or markers of severe acidosis in infants less than ...
Wu George - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Leaving the median sternotomy wound open following cardiac surgery is employed to avoid cardiovascular compression. Horizontal struts can be used. Radiologists interpreting portable radiographs might be unaware of the open median sternotomy (OMS). OBJECTIVE: To describe the frequency of radiographic signs of OMS and to increase awareness among radiologists ...
Ekström Anette - - 2012
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of process-oriented training in supportive breastfeeding counseling for midwives and postnatal nurses on the time lapse between the initial breastfeeding session, introduction of breastmilk substitutes and solids, and the duration of breastfeeding. Ten municipalities in Sweden were randomized to either ...
Sari Fatma Nur - - 2011
Background/Aim: To evaluate the association between the cortisol levels and clinical outcomes in preterm infants. Methods: Baseline adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and cortisol levels and ACTH-stimulated cortisol concentrations after low-dose synthetic ACTH (Synacthen®, 1 μg/kg) were measured in preterm infants <37 weeks of gestational age between the 5th and 7th days ...
Santana Marta - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of the Family Health Strategy on infant mortality surveillance. METHODS: An ecologic study was performed with a multiple group design, and the unit of analysis was municipalities in Bahia state (Northeastern Brazil) in 2008. The 3,947 deaths analyzed were obtained from the Mortality Information System, ...
Gizzo Salvatore - - 2012
The effect of epidural analgesia on labor and effective breastfeeding is still being debated. The aim of this study is to define its impact on the trend of labor, the newborns' well-being, and early breastfeeding. We considered first-term physiologic pregnant women who delivered by the vaginal route. We divided them ...
O'Connor Deborah L DL Physiology and Experimental Medicine Program, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, - - 2012
Human milk (HM) is the optimal way to nourish preterm low birth weight (LBW) infants after hospital discharge. However, there are few data on which to assess whether HM alone is sufficient to address hospital-acquired nutrition deficits, and no adequately powered studies have examined this question using neurodevelopment as an ...
Chibber Rachana R Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait University, Kuwait. - - 2012
This study aims at (1) Assessing trends in maternal mortality in kuwait (2) Define strategies for prevention. Retrospective analysis of maternal deaths that occurred among, 55,979 live births at a tertiary hospital, between 1980 and 2009. There were 14 maternal deaths, and 55,979 live births, giving a maternal mortality rate ...
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