Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1869
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Chowdhury Olie - - 2011
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is widely used in neonatal units both as a primary mode of respiratory support and following extubation from mechanical ventilation. In this review, the evidence for CPAP use particularly in prematurely born infants is considered. Studies comparing methods of CPAP generation have yielded conflicting results, ...
Boghossian Nansi S - - 2012
To examine prevalence, characteristics, interventions, and mortality of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants with trisomy 21 (T21), trisomy 18 (T18), trisomy 13 (T13), or triploidy. Infants with birth weight 401-1500 g admitted to centers of the Vermont Oxford Network during 1994-2009 were studied. A majority of the analyses are ...
Tremoulet Adriana H AH UC San Diego Pediatric Research Center, 7910 Frost St, #360, San Diego, CA 92123, USA. - - 2012
Lamivudine is a nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor widely used in infants and children in combination antiretroviral therapy to treat human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Developmental changes in lamivudine pharmacokinetic disposition were assessed by combining data from 7 studies of lamivudine (Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group 300, 353, 356, 358, 386, ...
Kimouli Maria - - 2011
Bacillus pumilus is an environmental contaminant that has been rarely associated with clinical infections. Two cases of B. pumilus severe sepsis are described in two full-term neonates, one in a female infant without any predisposing factor and the other in a male infant in mechanical ventilation with intravenous catheter. In ...
Zayek M M - - 2011
Objective:To determine the impact of cerebellar hemorrhage (CH) on mortality and adverse neurodevelopmental (ND) outcome rates in extremely preterm infants admitted to a tertiary neonatal unit.Study Design:A total of 1120 eligible infants (<28 weeks gestation) were born from 1998 to 2008 and had at least one cranial ultrasound. ND outcome ...
Benitz William E - - 2011
Persistent patency of the ductus arteriosus in the preterm infant is associated with numerous morbidities, including higher rates of bronchopulmonary dysplasia and increased mortality. These strong associations have led to widespread use of cyclooxygenase inhibitors and surgical ligation to achieve ductal closure in the expectation that closing the ductus will ...
Murthy Vadivelam - - 2011
ObjectiveTo study the first five inflations during the resuscitation of prematurely born infants and whether the infant's inspiratory efforts influenced the expired tidal volume.DesignProspective observational study.SettingTwo tertiary perinatal centres.PatientsThirty infants, median gestational age 30 (23-34) weeks.InterventionsThe first five inflations delivered via a face mask and t-piece device were examined using ...
Ponnusamy Vennila - - 2011
ObjectiveCulture of percutaneous central venous line (PCVL) segments may assist the diagnosis of line colonisation and catheter-related sepsis (CRS). The authors aimed to determine if the diagnosis of CRS and colonisation of PCVLs in neonates is improved by the culture of the proximal and middle segments of the line in ...
Zahran Sammy - - 2011
We investigate the relationship between maternal exposure to benzene and birth weight outcomes for resident births in the United States in 1996 and 1999, taking advantage of a natural experiment afforded by the regulation of benzene content of gasoline in various American cities. Regression results show that a unit increase ...
Mona Eng Patricia - - 2011
BACKGROUND: To estimate the incidence of intussusception among infants treated in inpatient and emergency department settings during the period preceding the US launch of second generation rotavirus vaccines. METHODS: From a large US health insurance claims database, we sampled 100,000 Infants aged 1 to 3 months at first diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis ...
Walsh Paul - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Central apnoea occurs in infants and if not detected leads to death. Central apnoea is a prostaglandin E(2)(PGE2) mediated effect that is susceptible to pharmacologic manipulation in animal models. Paracetamol and ibuprofen are centrally and peripherally acting PGE2 inhibitors respectively. AIM: To determine if infants who had received paracetamol ...
Takeuchi Masato - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Earlier studies reported that infants <12 months of age were at high risk of hospitalization for 2009 pandemic influenza A H1N1 virus (2009 H1N1) infection, but there was little information about the clinical courses in these patients. METHODS:: A retrospective study was performed using the nationwide inpatient Diagnosis Procedure ...
Callaghan Jane E M - - 2011
The promotion of breastfeeding is an important focus of intervention for professionals working to improve infant health outcomes. Literature in this area focuses largely on 'choices' and 'barriers to breastfeeding'. It is our argument, however, that women's cultural context plays a key role in infant feeding 'choices'. In this article, ...
Kermorvant-Duchemin Elsa - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Accurate data on the optimal chloride intake in premature infants are scarce. OBJECTIVE:: To describe chloride (Cl) intakes in the first 10 days (D) of life and to assess the relationships between high Cl intakes and corrected serum chloride level or markers of severe acidosis in infants less than ...
Wu George - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Leaving the median sternotomy wound open following cardiac surgery is employed to avoid cardiovascular compression. Horizontal struts can be used. Radiologists interpreting portable radiographs might be unaware of the open median sternotomy (OMS). OBJECTIVE: To describe the frequency of radiographic signs of OMS and to increase awareness among radiologists ...
Ekström Anette - - 2012
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of process-oriented training in supportive breastfeeding counseling for midwives and postnatal nurses on the time lapse between the initial breastfeeding session, introduction of breastmilk substitutes and solids, and the duration of breastfeeding. Ten municipalities in Sweden were randomized to either ...
O'Connor Deborah L - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Human milk (HM) is the optimal way to nourish preterm low birth weight (LBW) infants after hospital discharge. However, there are few data on which to assess whether HM alone is sufficient to address hospital-acquired nutrition deficits, and no adequately powered studies have examined this question using neurodevelopment as ...
Sari Fatma Nur - - 2011
Background/Aim: To evaluate the association between the cortisol levels and clinical outcomes in preterm infants. Methods: Baseline adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and cortisol levels and ACTH-stimulated cortisol concentrations after low-dose synthetic ACTH (Synacthen®, 1 μg/kg) were measured in preterm infants <37 weeks of gestational age between the 5th and 7th days ...
Santana Marta - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of the Family Health Strategy on infant mortality surveillance. METHODS: An ecologic study was performed with a multiple group design, and the unit of analysis was municipalities in Bahia state (Northeastern Brazil) in 2008. The 3,947 deaths analyzed were obtained from the Mortality Information System, ...
Gizzo Salvatore - - 2012
The effect of epidural analgesia on labor and effective breastfeeding is still being debated. The aim of this study is to define its impact on the trend of labor, the newborns' well-being, and early breastfeeding. We considered first-term physiologic pregnant women who delivered by the vaginal route. We divided them ...
Sanders William - - 2011
Abstract The rate of premature infant mortality has decreased over the last several decades, with an accompanying decrease in the gestational age of premature infants who survive to hospital discharge. Emergency medical services (EMS) providers are sometimes called to provide prehospital care for infants born at the edge of viability. ...
Terrin Gianluca - - 2012
Gastric acidity is a major nonimmune defense mechanism against infections. The objective of this study was to investigate whether ranitidine treatment in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants is associated with an increased risk of infections, necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), and fatal outcome. Newborns with birth weight between 401 and 1500 ...
Witcombe Nicole B - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:Impaired blood pressure (BP) control may underpin the increased incidence of the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in preterm infants. This study aimed to examine the effects of preterm birth, postnatal age, and sleep state on BP control by measuring baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) across the first 6 months of term-corrected ...
Piroutek Mary Jane - - 2011
Objective. To describe the incidence of bilious vomiting in infants with infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis that presented to a pediatric emergency department. Methods. A retrospective medical record review included all infants who presented to our level 1 pediatric emergency department from January 1, 2005, through December 31, 2009, who were ...
Wilcox Teresa - - 2012
A growing number of sex differences in infancy have been reported. One task on which they have been observed reliably is the event-mapping task. In event mapping, infants view an occlusion event involving 1 or 2 objects, the occluder is removed, and then infants see 1 object. Typically, boys are ...
Ersoy Y - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Adenovirus keratoconjunctivitis outbreaks have rarely been reported in preterm infants. An outbreak of adenovirus conjunctivitis occurred between 15 January and 25 February at a neonatal intensive care unit of a university hospital in Turkey. AIM: To describe the evolution, investigation and management of the outbreak. METHODS: Adenovirus type 8 ...
Ciftçi Esra K - - 2011
Aim and objective.  This study was conducted to determine the effect of training administered to working mothers and its duration on maternal anxiety levels and breastfeeding habits. Background.  Within the scope of Health for All in the 21st Century project, a goal was set to increase the rate of infants ...
Tai I-Chen - - 2011
PURPOSE: To define the clinical manifestations of rotavirus (RV) infection in neonates and young infants hospitalized in neonatal care units, which are rarely reported. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From October 2008 to September 2010, a total of 153 stool specimens positive for RV were detected from 100 neonates and young infants ...
Rastogi Shantanu - - 2012
Objective. Identification of the weight and postmenstrual age (PMA) at successful weaning of NCPAP in preterm neonates and the factors influencing the successful wean. Study Design. Retrospective review of 454 neonates ≤32 weeks of gestational age (GA) who were placed on NCPAP and successfully weaned to room air was performed. ...
Skowronski Danuta M - - 2011
Background. Parental immunization has been recommended as a "cocoon" strategy to prevent serious pertussis outcomes in early infancy. We illustrate the high number needed to vaccinate (NNV) for this program based on recent epidemiologic data from the provinces of Québec and British Columbia (BC), Canada.Methods. Surveillance trends were summarized for the period ...
Zimmerman E - - 2012
To examine the role of vestibular inputs on respiratory and oromotor systems in healthy preterm infants. A total of 27 preterm infants were quasi-randomly assigned to either the VestibuGlide treatment or control groups. VestibuGlide infants were held in a developmentally supportive position, given a pacifier and received a series of ...
Shah T A TA Department of Pediatrics, Perinatal Institute, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, - - 2012
We sought to determine the incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and spontaneous intestinal perforation (SIP) in surviving extremely low-birth-weight (ELBW, <1000 g birth weight) infants and to establish the impact of NEC on outcomes by hospital discharge and at 18 to 22 months adjusted age in a large, contemporary, population-based ...
Liaw Jen-Jiuan - - 2011
In this prospective, descriptive study, we used a repeated-measures design to explore the 24-hour effects of caregiving and positioning on preterm infants' states and the factors associated with state changes. Thirty preterm infants (gestational age 27.6-36.1 weeks) were observed for 3 days in the neonatal intensive care unit to record ...
Koura Ghislain K - - 2011
To determine the effect of maternal anaemia on pregnancy outcome and describe its impact on infant haemoglobin level in the first 18 months of life, we conducted a prospective study of 617 pregnant women and their children in Benin. Prevalence of maternal anaemia at delivery was 39.5%, and 61.1% of newborns ...
Fernández Ibone Olza - - 2011
Abstract Emergency peripartum hysterectomy (EPH) is usually performed in cases of intractable obstetric hemorrhage unresponsive to conservative treatment. EPH is associated with a high incidence of maternal morbidity and mortality. Most of these women do not have the opportunity to even start breastfeeding. We report a case where breastfeeding was ...
Yazgan Hamza - - 2011
Abstract It is a globally accepted fact that breastfeeding reduces infant mortality and morbidity, optimizes infant growth, is superior to other forms of nutrition for infants, and has economic advantages for the family and the country. This case study reports a new mother who stopped breastfeeding her baby because her ...
Leviton Alan - - 2012
To compare the frequency of elevated concentrations of inflammation-related proteins in the blood of infants born before the 28th week of gestation who had documented bacteraemia and those who had presumed (antibiotic-treated but culture-negative) bacteraemia to those who had neither. The subjects of this study are the 868 infants born ...
Mostafa-Gharehbaghi Manizheh - - 2011
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), also known as chronic lung disease, is one of the most challenging complications in premature newborn infants. Selenium plays a role in antioxidant system by protecting cell membranes and neutralizing the deleterious effects of free radicals. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between ...
Gil-Campos Mercedes - - 2011
The objective of the study was to evaluate the safety and tolerance of an infant formula supplemented with Lactobacillus fermentum CECT5716, a probiotic strain isolated from breast milk, in infants of 1-6 months of age. A randomized double blinded controlled study including healthy infants was conducted. One month aged infants ...
Kitsommart Ratchada - - 2011
Pneumothorax is a common complication in infants receiving assisted ventilation. The appropriate management of this condition is not always clearly defined, especially when a large air leak and mediastinal shift are present but the infant is hemodynamically stable. Despite the complications associated with chest tube placement, this remains the most ...
Abrahamsson Thomas R - - 2012
It is debated whether a low total diversity of the gut microbiota in early childhood is more important than an altered prevalence of particular bacterial species for the increasing incidence of allergic disease. The advent of powerful, cultivation-free molecular methods makes it possible to characterize the total microbiome down to ...
Payne Nathaniel R - - 2011
BACKGROUND:Although reports of reduced nosocomial infections (NI) in very low birth weight infants have been published, the durability of these gains and changes in secondary outcomes, and clinical practices have less often been published.METHODS:This was a retrospective, observational study of NI reduction in very low birth weight infants at two ...
Aydemir O - - 2011
This study aimed to investigate the global oxidant/antioxidant status of infants with perinatal asphyxia and its relation to neurological outcomes. A prospective controlled study including term infants with perinatal asphyxia was conducted. Blood samples were obtained from patients and controls at 6-24 h and on the 3rd day of life for ...
Song Lulu - - 2011
We longitudinally investigated parental language context and infants' language experiences in relation to Dominican American and Mexican American infants' vocabularies. Mothers provided information on parental language context, comprising measures of parents' language background (i.e., childhood language) and current language use during interviews at infants' birth. Infants' language experiences were measured ...
Noble Yolande - - 2011
Aim  The aim of this study was to systematically review the clinimetric properties of longitudinal neonatal neurobehavioural and neuromotor assessments for preterm infants. Method  Twenty-seven assessment measures were identified. The following eight measures met the study inclusion criteria: Assessment of Preterm Infants' Behaviour (APIB), Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Network Neurobehavioural ...
Wynn James L - - 2012
Candidiasis carries a significant risk of death or neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) in extremely low birth weight infants (ELBW; <1000 g). We sought to determine the impact of candiduria in ELBW preterm infants. Our study was a secondary analysis of the Neonatal Research Network study Early Diagnosis of Nosocomial Candidiasis. Follow-up ...
Ismail Intan H - - 2011
To cite this article: Ismail IH, Oppedisano F, Joseph SJ, Boyle RJ, Robins-Browne RM, Tang MLK. Prenatal administration of Lactobacillus rhamnosus has no effect on the diversity of the early infant gut microbiota. Pediatric Allergy Immunology 2011: Doi: 10.1111/j.1399-3038.2011.01239.x ABSTRACT: We have recently shown that maternal administration of Lactobacillus rhamnosus ...
Pampal Arzu - - 2011
Bloody nipple discharge in the infantile period is an uncommon finding. Despite its stressful course to the parents, it is generally a benign condition with a spontaneous resolution. The approach to bloody nipple discharge in the infantile period is well documented in the literature even though the number of these ...
Yorifuji Takashi - - 2011
Exposure to air pollution has been demonstrated to increase the risk of preterm birth and low birth weight. We examined whether proximity to major roads (as a marker of exposure to air pollution) is associated with increased placenta/birth weight ratio (as a biomarker of the placental transport function). Data on ...
Ohls Robin K - - 2012
To compare reticulocyte responses of once-per-week erythropoietin (EPO) dosing with 3-times-a-week dosing in preterm infants. Infants weighing ≤ 1500 g and ≥ 7 days of age were randomized to once-per-week EPO, 1200 U/kg/dose, or 3-times-a-week EPO, 400 U/kg/dose, subcutaneously for 4 weeks, along with iron and vitamin supplementation. Complete blood ...
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