Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1867
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Grześkowiak Lukasz - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: The intestinal microbiota composition in infants reflects the early environment. OBJECTIVE:: Our objective was to compare the gut microbiota in six-month-old infants living in rural Malawi with children of the same age living in urban Finland, both being breast-fed and having an age-appropriate diet typical for each area. DESIGN:: ...
Lee Mei-Hua - - 2012
The purpose of this longitudinal infant study was to investigate the influence of visual information of the hand trajectory in the development of reaching movements in prehension. Ten infants were observed biweekly from the age of 10 weeks to 28 weeks and 1 yr. The reach kinematics were analyzed at ...
van Asperen Yvette - - 2012
Aim:  To assess the reliability of fluid balance charts in neonates. Methods:  An observational study in 170 non-breastfed neonates, requiring continuous monitoring on a high care unit, but not critically ill. The fluid balance was compared to daily body weight changes using Bland-Altman analysis. Differences more than 20% of daily ...
Morton J - - 2012
Objective:We previously reported that preterm mothers' milk production can exceed levels of term mothers by using early hand expression and hands-on pumping (HOP) with the highest production (955 ml per day) in frequent users of hand expression. In this study, we compared milk composition between mothers stratified by early hand expression ...
Omenaca Felix - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Rotavirus disease is more severe in pre-term infants than in full-term infants. This study assessed the safety, reactogenicity and immunogenicity of a human rotavirus vaccine, RIX4414 in European pre-term infants. METHODS: 1009 pre-term infants were randomized (2:1; vaccine: placebo) and stratified into two groups: 20% of early [27-30 weeks; ...
Beetz Rolf - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The prevalence of urinary tract infections (UTIs) among full-term neonates has been reported to be up to 1.1%, increasing up to 7% among those with fever. UTI in neonates may be the first indicator of underlying abnormalities of kidneys and the urinary tract. RECENT FINDINGS: Early recognition ...
Anadkat J S JS Division of Newborn Medicine, The Edward Mallinckrodt Department of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MI 63110, USA. - - 2012
To determine whether race/ethnicity and sex independently increase risk of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in late preterm and term infants. Using a cohort design, we studied the risk of RDS associated with race/ethnicity and sex in infants with gestational age (GA) 34 to 42 weeks born between 1 January 2000 ...
Mulder E E M - - 2012
Background: Ventilator-induced lung injury has been recognized as a major contributing factor for bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in preterm infants. In the last decade, focus has shifted towards a more gentle respiratory approach. Aim: To evaluate whether guideline changes in respiratory management in the delivery room and the unit improved the ...
Tosse Veronika - - 2012
Background: Hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (hsPDA) is the most common functional cardiovascular disease in preterm infants. The necessity to treat hsPDA can neither be derived solely from clinical nor from echocardiographic criteria. Objective: The aim of this study was to establish non-invasive parameters which can differentiate hsPDA from non-hsPDA. ...
Blanco Cynthia Liudmilla - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: To examine the effects of early and high intravenous (IV) amino acid (AA) supplementation on growth, health and neurodevelopment of ELBW infants throughout their first 2 years of life. METHODS:: Infants were prospectively randomized in a double-masked fashion and treated for 7 days with either IVAA starting at 0.5g●kg●d ...
Kalra Pramila - - 2012
Hypovitaminosis D is common in India. In the present prospective partially randomised study of vitamin D (D3) supplementation during pregnancy, subjects were randomised in the second trimester to receive either one oral dose of 1500 μg vitamin D3 (group 1, n 48) or two doses of 3000 μg vitamin D3 each in ...
Sagot P - - 2012
BACKGROUNDWhile intrauterine insemination (IUI), a simple, inexpensive and non-invasive technique, is the most used assisted reproduction technology (ART) worldwide, the risk of major birth defects following IUI is paradoxically not well documented.METHODSRetrospective cohort study performed in Burgundy, France, over a 9-year period which consisted of the cross analysis of two ...
Austin Marie-Paule V - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Mood disorders arising in the perinatal period (conception to the first postnatal year), occur in up to 13% of women. The adverse impact of mood disorders on mother, infant and family with potential long-term consequences are well documented. There is a need for clear, evidence-based, guidelines for midwives and ...
Lowe Jean R - - 2012
This study used the Still Face Paradigm to investigate the relationship of maternal interaction on infants' emotion regulation responses. Seventy infant-mother dyads were seen at 4 months and 25 of these same dyads were re-evaluated at 9 months. Maternal interactions were coded for attention seeking and contingent responding. Emotional regulation ...
Okulu E - - 2012
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is the most common intrauterine and perinatal viral infection. Postnatal CMV infection is acquired mainly from breast milk and may cause severe illness in preterm infants. We report an extremely low birth weight infant who presented with a sepsis-like syndrome and multiple organ involvement, notably hepatitis and ...
Dubé Marie-Christine - - 2012
Objective: To explore the relationship between maternal lifelong body weight history and anthropometric measurements in the offspring. Methods: We studied a prospective sample of 48 pregnant women with either gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM, n = 21) or normal glucose tolerance (NGT, n = 27). Reported maternal weight at birth, 20 ...
Gupta Simi - - 2012
17 α hydroxyprogesterone caproate is a synthetic form of the natural progestin 17-α hydroxyprogesterone that is US FDA approved for the prevention of recurrent spontaneous preterm birth in women with a history of a prior singleton preterm birth. For women with a history of a prior spontaneous preterm birth between 20 ...
Gadin Erlita - - 2012
To investigate the relationship between volumetric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) in infants born less than 30 weeks gestation and early motor development at 6 months adjusted age. Twenty infants born preterm and 4 born at term (control) underwent MRI with volumetric analysis and MRS prior ...
Jin Mi Kyoung - - 2012
The present study sought to analyze infant and maternal behavior both during theStrange Situation Procedure (SSP) and a free play session in a Korean sample (N = 87) to help understand whether mother-infant attachment relationships are universal or culture-specific. Distributions of attachment classifications in the Korean sample were compared with a cross-national ...
Holscher Hannah D - - 2012
Background: Prebiotic-containing infant formula may beneficially affect gastrointestinal tolerance and commensal microbiota composition. Objective: Assess gastrointestinal tolerance and fecal microbiota, pH, and short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) concentrations of infants consuming formula with or without prebiotics. Design: Full-term formula-fed infants were studied to a breastfed comparison group (BF). Formula-fed infants (FF) ...
Wang Quanzhen - - 2012
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is the most common acquired disease of the gastrointestinal tract in preterm infants, whereas probiotic supplementation might reduce NEC risk and potentially provide benefits to preterm infants. We performed an updated meta-analysis of all relevant randomized, controlled trials to assess the benefits of probiotic supplementation for preterm ...
Fernandes G L - - 2012
This study aimed to assess outcomes of expectant management for early preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM). This retrospective cohort involved 66 women with PPROM <28 weeks managed in a single hospital (1999-2006). Main outcomes were chorioamnionitis, severe maternal morbidity (maternal sepsis, haemorrhage/blood transfusion, hysterectomy or admission to intensive care ...
Choo Hyeran - - 2012
SUMMARY:: This article introduces technical modifications to the conventional presurgical infant maxillary orthopedics device for newborns with complete bilateral cleft lip and palate, providing procedural simplicity and efficiency as well as therapeutic efficacy. The modifications incorporate a wax block-out on the stone model prior to device fabrication in a manner ...
Chuang Chao-Hua - - 2012
: The objective of the present study was to investigate the types of dietary supplements administered to healthy 6-month-old infants and to identify the factors influencing the use of such supplements. : The present study was based on the Taiwan Birth Cohort Study database. Questionnaires were used to collect information ...
Ren Baoping - - 2012
Allomaternal nursing, common in several species of social mammals, also has been reported in nonhuman primates. However, the function of this behavior in enhancing infant survivorship remains poorly understood. The study was conducted on a free-ranging group of the Yunnan snub-nosed monkey (Rhinopithecus bieti) in the Baimaxueshan Natural Reserve. Direct ...
Laituri Carrie A - - 2012
Overnight observation for apneic events is standard practice in former preterm infants. However, the literature supporting current protocols is dated. Therefore, we retrospectively evaluated the post-anesthetic risks in these patients. A retrospective review was conducted on former preterm infants admitted after an inguinal herniorrhaphy between 1/00 and 10/09. The protocol ...
Corrow Sherryse - - 2012
Two experiments investigated infants' and adults' perception of 3D shape from line junction information. Participants in both experiments viewed a concave wire half-cube frame. In Experiment 1, adults reported that the concave wire frame appeared to be convex when it was viewed monocularly (with one eye covered) and that it ...
Resch Bernhard - - 2012
To assess the cost-effectiveness of palivizumab, a monoclonal antibody against respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), in infants at high risk for severe RSV lower respiratory tract infection, such as premature infants, infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia, and those with congenital heart disease, based on long-term epidemiologic data from Austria. A decision-tree model ...
Onesimo Roberta - - 2012
Hypertrophic pyloric stenosis is a relatively common condition, but atypical presentations can present a diagnostic challenge. We describe the case of a 9-week-old Latin male infant who presented with a 2-day history of intermittent crying and poor feeding. He was suspected to have intussusception but was affected by and successfully ...
Cyrus Alissa - - 2012
Purpose. The purpose of this study was to assess the desirability of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) screening, the effectiveness of the consent process, and the feasibility of conducting DMD screening in a pediatric office. Methods. Infant males who attended a 12-month routine well-child visit at a participating pediatric clinic were ...
Morrison Barbara - - 2012
The critical period for establishing breastfeeding (BF) is during the first days after birth. However, some routine maternity unit care practices may be experienced as interruptions interfering with BF opportunities and satisfaction. Therefore, we wanted to describe the frequency and duration of interruptions; amount of time alone; number, length, success ...
Goodyear-Smith Felicity - - 2012
Children who have missed or delayed immunisations are at greater risk of vaccine-preventable diseases and getting their first scheduled dose on time strongly predicts subsequent complete immunisation. Developing a relationship with an infant's parents and general practice staff soon after birth followed by a systematic approach can reduce the number ...
Kabir Iqbal - - 2012
Suboptimal and inappropriate complementary feeding practices are one of the major causes of child undernutrition in the first 2 years of life in South Asian countries including Bangladesh. The aim of this study was to use the newly developed World Health Organization infant feeding indicators to identify the potential risk ...
Joshi Nira - - 2012
Inappropriate complementary feeding increases the risk of undernutrition, illness and mortality in infants and children. This study uses a subsample of 1428 children of 6-23 months from Nepal Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS), 2006. The 2006 NDHS was a multistage cluster sample survey. The complementary feeding indicators were estimated according ...
van Ganzewinkel Christ-Jan Jlm - - 2012
Until now, studies on paracetamol given intravenously have mainly been performed with the pro-drug propacetamol or with paracetamol in preterm babies above 32 weeks of gestation. Studies in these babies indicate that intravenous paracetamol is tolerated well, however studies on the efficacy of intravenous paracetamol are lacking. There are no ...
Ulak Manjeswori - - 2012
Promotion of proper breastfeeding practices for the first six months of life is the most cost-effective intervention for reducing childhood morbidity and mortality. However, the adherence to breastfeeding recommendations in many developing countries is not satisfactory. The aims of the study were to determine breastfeeding and infant feeding patterns at ...
Dargaville Peter A - - 2012
Innovation in the field of exogenous surfactant therapy continues more than two decades after the drug became commercially available. One such innovation, lung lavage using dilute surfactant, has been investigated in both laboratory and clinical settings as a treatment for meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS). Studies in animal models of MAS ...
Hajer S - - 2012
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a group of hereditary chronic anemias that manifest essentially as painful crisis and susceptibility to infection. Neonatal screening is a preventive action that reduces the rates of mortality due to complications arising from infections by encouraging early prophylactic penicillin use and pneumococcal vaccination. The purpose ...
Senarath Upul - - 2012
South Asian region has the highest global burden of child undernutrition, with almost 41% of children stunted, 16% wasted and 33% underweight. Improved feeding of children less than 2 years of age is particularly important because they experience rapid growth and development, and are vulnerable to illnesses such as acute ...
Inagaki Takayuki - - 2012
The management of posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus is difficult and not well standardized. We evaluated our management protocol for infants with intraventricular and/or periventricular hemorrhage (IVH and PVH, respectively). There were four deaths and two significant treatment-related complications in our series. We also observed two cases of isolated ventricle in patients treated ...
Pimpalwar Ashwin P - - 2012
A 4-month-old female infant presented to our institute with recurrent pneumonia and was diagnosed with a right lower lobe esophageal bronchus. This congenital anomaly is extremely rare with very few cases reported in the literature. We describe the diagnostic workup and management that led to a successful outcome.
Ort Rebecca - - 2012
Ample data exists about the high precision of three-dimensional (3D) scanning devices and their data acquisition of the facial surface. However, a question remains regarding which facial landmarks are reliable if identified in 3D images taken under clinical circumstances. Sources of error to be addressed could be technical, user dependent, ...
Jackson Barbara J - - 2012
: To identify the efficacy of the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, Third Edition (BSID-III), Screening Test-Gross Motor Subtest (GMS) in identifying infants who are accepted for early intervention services. : This retrospective study included 93 infants with a neonatal intensive care experience who participated in a 6-month ...
Harris Michael - - 2012
A male infant born at 25&emsp14;weeks gestation presented with abdominal distension, was transferred to our institution for surgical management following suspected bowel perforation with severe sepsis. Umbilical catheter cultures grew Candida parapsilosis. At laparotomy, there was a large ileal perforation with peritonitis, he was treated with amphotericin, antibiotics and had ...
Karimi Mehran - - 2012
Various reasons accounted for the infection of infants kept at Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). Expressed breast milk may be regarded as a source of infection in infants. This study investigated the source of bacterial contamination and the impact of educational interventions on the contamination of mothers' expressed breast milk ...
Aslin Richard N - - 2012
Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is a noninvasive diffuse optical-imaging technique that can measure local metabolic demand in the surface of the cortex due to differential absorption of light by oxygenated and deoxygenated blood. Over the past decade, NIRS has become increasingly used as a complement to other neuroimaging techniques, such as ...
Crowe Sonya - - 2012
The fifth Millennium Development Goal target for 90% of births in low and middle income countries to have a skilled birth attendant (SBA) by 2015 will not be met. In response to this, policy has focused on increasing SBA access. However, reducing maternal mortality also requires policies to prevent deaths ...
Namiiro Flavia B - - 2012
Healthy infants typically regain their birth weight by 21 days of age; however, failure to do so may be due to medical, nutritional or environmental factors. Globally, the incidence of low birth weight deliveries is high, but few studies have assessed the postnatal weight changes in this category of infants, ...
Weiss William J - - 2012
The Penn State Infant Ventricular Assist Device (VAD) is a 12-14 ml stroke volume pneumatically actuated pump, with custom Björk-Shiley monostrut valves, developed under the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Pediatric Circulatory Support program. In this report, we describe the seven most recent chronic animal studies of the Infant ...
Bamat Nicolas - - 2012
Conventional mechanical ventilation (CMV) of neonates has been used as a treatment of respiratory failure for over 30 years. While CMV facilitates gas exchange, it may simultaneously damage the lung. Positive end expiratory pressure (PEEP) has received less attention than other ventilation parameters when considering this balance of benefit and ...
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