Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1901
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Uzark Karen - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Poor weight gain is common in infants after Stage I Norwood operation and can negatively impact outcomes. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of feeding strategy on interstage weight gain. METHODS: In a multi-centre study, 158 infants discharged following the Norwood operation were enrolled ...
Spandau Ulrich - - 2012
Purpose:  To discuss treatment modalities for aggressive posterior retinopathy of prematurity (AP-ROP). Methods:  The medical charts of all infants with AP-ROP at Uppsala University Hospital, Sweden, during a 2-year period (2009 and 2010) were reviewed. Eight infants (16 eyes) with a mean gestational age of 23.8 weeks and a mean birth ...
Voss W - - 2012
Aim:  The purpose of the present contribution is to analyse the relationships between perinatal risk factors, social parameters, and neurodevelopmental outcomes in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) children up to the age of 10 to 13 years. Methods:  Of 200 live-born ELBW infants, 148 were enrolled in the high-risk infant ...
Yee Wendy H - - 2012
OBJECTIVES:To examine the variation in the incidence and to identify the timing of the presentation of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in a cohort of preterm infants within the Canadian Neonatal Network (CNN).METHODS:This was a population-based cohort of 16 669 infants with gestational age (GA) <33 weeks, admitted to 25 NICUs participating in ...
Duncan Andrea Freeman AF University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, Albuquerque, NM, USA. - - 2012
To evaluate the relationship of race/ethnicity to Cognitive and Language scores on the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, Third Edition in extremely preterm toddlers (<28 + 0 weeks' estimated gestational age). This cohort study included extremely preterm toddlers seen at Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and ...
Shapiro-Mendoza Carrie K - - 2012
Preterm birth affects 12.5% of all births in the USA. Infants of Black mothers are disproportionately affected, with 1.5 times the risk of preterm birth and 3.4 times the risk of preterm-related mortality. The preterm birth rate has increased by 33% in the last 25 years, almost entirely due to ...
Baştuğ Funda - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Urolithiasis in infants is not a very rare situation in Turkey, and the incidence has been increasing in recent years. The purpose of this paper was to investigate the clinical characteristics, metabolic and anatomic risk factors for urolithiasis and microlithiasis in infants. METHODS: The cases of 178 infants (63 ...
Peacock Janet L - - 2012
Introduction:Although important new strategies have improved outcomes for very preterm infants, males have greater mortality/morbidity than females. We investigated whether the excess of adverse later effects in males operated through poorer neonatal profile or if there was an intrinsic male effect.Results:Male sex was significantly associated with higher birth weight, death ...
Inatomi Tadashi - - 2012
Introduction:The presence of microorganisms in gastric fluid in neonates at birth is postulated to reflect antenatal infection and also to be associated with the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD).Results:A logistic regression analysis, after controlling for other risk factors, indicated that Ureaplasma-positive infants were not at increased risk for moderate/severe BPD ...
Rüttimann D - - 2012
This article contributes to the research on demographics and public health of urban populations of preindustrial Europe. The key source is a burial register that contains information on the deceased, such as age and sex, residence and cause of death. This register is one of the earliest compilations of data ...
Lukacs Susan L - - 2012
To describe the burden and characteristics of clinical neonatal sepsis in the United States and evaluate incidence rates after the issuance of intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis (IAP) guidelines. This is a cross-sectional study of hospitalizations of infants aged <3 months diagnosed with sepsis from the 1988-2006 National Hospital Discharge Survey. The ...
Trotter Andreas A Centre for Perinatal Medicine, Children's Hospital, University of Bonn, Sigmund-Freudstrasse 25, 53105 Bonn, Germany. - - 2012
Extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants are prone to impaired neurodevelopment. The aim was to determine long-term neurodevelopmental outcome in ELBW infants after postnatal 17β-estradiol (E2) and progesterone (P) replacement. At 5-yr corrected age, ELBW infants were assessed for standardized cognitive and neurological outcome after postnatal randomized E2 and P ...
Cohen-Wolkowiez Michael - - 2012
Pharmacokinetic (PK) studies in preterm infants are rarely conducted due to the research challenges posed by this population. To overcome these challenges, minimal-risk methods such as scavenged sampling can be used to evaluate the PK of commonly used drugs in this population. We evaluated the population PK of metronidazole using ...
Kuo Sheree - - 2012
Objective:  Delivery of premature infants outside tertiary care centers is not always preventable. The aim of this study is to compare rates of survival and common morbidities in extremely premature babies transported to a level III facility versus those born at the level III center. Study Design:  Retrospective chart review ...
Brisson Julie - - 2012
Previous studies on autism have shown a lack of motor anticipation in children and adults with autism. As part of a programme of research into early detection of autism, we focussed on an everyday situation: spoon-feeding. We hypothesize that an anticipation deficit may be found very early on by observing ...
Minowa Hideki - - 2012
Objective:  To clarify the timing of injuries in utero that cause respiratory inhibition after crying (RIAC), we evaluated infants with cranial ultrasound abnormalities diagnosed during hospitalization. Methods:  We retrospectively examined the medical records of preterm infants who were treated in the neonatal intensive care unit at Nara Prefectural Hospital in ...
Wan Ming Wai - - 2012
Recent models of the early emergence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) propose an interaction between risk susceptibility and the infant's social environment, resulting in a progressively atypical developmental trajectory. The infant's early social environmental experience consists mostly of interaction with caregivers, yet there has been little systematic study of early ...
Merhar Stephanie L SL Division of Neonatology, Perinatal Institute, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA. - - 2012
To determine whether extremely low-birthweight (ELBW) infants with bilateral compared to unilateral intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH) have worse neurodevelopmental outcomes at 18-22 months. A total of 166 ELBW infants (<1000 g) admitted to a Cincinnati NICU from 1998 to 2005 with a head ultrasound showing Grade I-IV IVH and neurodevelopmental assessment ...
Cha Jeeyeon - - 2012
Comment on: Hirota Y, et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 2011; 108:18073-8.
Kanemaru Nao N Department of Physical and Health Education, Graduate School of Education, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, - - 2012
In the field of motor development, a question exists whether spontaneous activity in early infancy serves as a precursor to later-emerging goal-directed behaviors. To answer this question, it is necessary to investigate in detail the properties of spontaneous movements in individual infants. In the current study, we longitudinally examined the ...
Da Costa Annette C - - 2012
PURPOSE: Single-suture craniosynostosis (SSC) is a congenital craniofacial disorder, in which premature fusion of one of the skull sutures restricts and distorts growth of the cranium and underlying brain. This disorder of prenatal onset occurs during a critical phase of rapid growth and development of the immature brain. Craniosynostosis carries ...
McCarthy Ann Marie - - 2012
To evaluate the utility of the Bayley Infant Neurodevelopmental Screener (BINS), standardized in the US, for South American infants, 3-24 months of age. Thirty-five physicians administered the BINS to 2471 South American infants recruited during routine well-child visits, 578 (23%) from Brazil and 1893 (77%) from six other South American ...
Berger Thomas M - - 2012
BackgroundThe publication of Swiss guidelines for the care of infants at the limit of viability (22-25 completed weeks) was followed by increased survival rates in the more mature infants (25 completed weeks). At the same time, considerable centre-to-centre (CTC) differences were noted.ObjectivesTo examine the trend of survival rates of borderline ...
Nijman Joppe - - 2012
ObjectiveTo study risk factors and cranial ultrasound (cUS) findings in a large cohort of preterm infants, admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit and diagnosed with postnatally acquired cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection.Study designThis prospective, observational study was performed from April 2007 until June 2009 among 315 infants born <32 weeks of ...
Wang Yanping - - 2012
The purpose of the study was to investigate the trends and causes of regional disparities of infant mortality rate (IMR) in rural China from 1996 to 2008. A population-based, longitudinal study. The national child mortality surveillance network. Population of the 79 surveillance counties. IMR, leading causes of infant death and ...
Ben-Sasson Ayelet - - 2012
This study was designed to examine the generalizability and validity of the First Year Inventory (FYI) in Israel. Parents completed the FYI about their 12-month-olds (N = 471). Up to one month later, 17 at-risk and 38 non-risk infants participated in an assessment in which the Autism Observation Scale for Infants (AOSI) ...
Raimondi Francesco - - 2012
BACKGROUND & AIM:: Very low birth weight neonates may develop severe intolerance to standard preterm formula especially if they associate intrauterine growth restriction. We tested the hypothesis that these infants may tolerate an elemental, amino-acid based formula as a rescue feeding strategy. METHODS:: in a prospective, case-control pilot study, we ...
Wu Li - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of hypothermia in the treatment of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) in neonates at 18 mo of age or more. Also to examine whether the severity of encephalopathy affects the efficacy of hypothermia on mortality and neurodevelopmental disability. METHODS: The authors recruited the trials that assessed the efficacy ...
Lulic-Botica Mirjana - - 2012
To evaluate fluctuations in anti-Xa concentrations in infants treated with enoxaparin for thrombosis and describe clinical outcomes. A retrospective chart review was performed on infants treated with enoxaparin in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, and data on enoxaparin doses, anti-Xa concentrations, clinical characteristics and outcomes were abstracted. Our cohort (n ...
Butler-O'Hara Meggan - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether introduction of an evidence-based percutaneously inserted central catheter (PICC) care bundle reduced the risk of central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI), thus altering the comparative risk of CLABSI in infants. STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective cohort study included all infants for whom an umbilical venous catheter (UVC) was ...
Meadow William - - 2012
To quantify the cost and prediction of futile care in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). We observed 1813 infants on 100,000 NICU bed days between 1999 and 2008 at the University of Chicago. We determined costs and assessed predictions of futility for each day the infant required mechanical ventilation. ...
Gaffney Kathleen F KF School of Nursing, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22030, USA. - - 2012
The World Health Organization has identified childhood obesity as a major threat to global health. Accumulating evidence indicates that excess weight early in life is predictive of later childhood and adolescent obesity. Clinical practice guidelines for infant feeding behaviors have been developed by national and international health organizations. The relationship ...
Vieira M C - - 2012
Aim:  To prospectively evaluate the effects of oral domperidone on the QTc interval in infants. Methods:  Infants (0-1 year) with a diagnosis of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease were included. A 12-lead electrocardiography (ECG) was performed in all infants at baseline and 1 hour after the intake of domperidone after 7 to ...
Azizzadeh Mohammad - - 2012
The objective of this study was to document mortality reasons and risk factors for mortality in dairy calves in the northeast of Iran. This was a prospective cohort study of calves born on ten commercial dairy herds from 21 March 2009 to 20 March 2010. A total of 4097 live ...
Grześkowiak Lukasz - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: The intestinal microbiota composition in infants reflects the early environment. OBJECTIVE:: Our objective was to compare the gut microbiota in six-month-old infants living in rural Malawi with children of the same age living in urban Finland, both being breast-fed and having an age-appropriate diet typical for each area. DESIGN:: ...
Lee Mei-Hua - - 2012
The purpose of this longitudinal infant study was to investigate the influence of visual information of the hand trajectory in the development of reaching movements in prehension. Ten infants were observed biweekly from the age of 10 weeks to 28 weeks and 1 yr. The reach kinematics were analyzed at ...
van Asperen Yvette - - 2012
Aim:  To assess the reliability of fluid balance charts in neonates. Methods:  An observational study in 170 non-breastfed neonates, requiring continuous monitoring on a high care unit, but not critically ill. The fluid balance was compared to daily body weight changes using Bland-Altman analysis. Differences more than 20% of daily ...
Morton J - - 2012
Objective:We previously reported that preterm mothers' milk production can exceed levels of term mothers by using early hand expression and hands-on pumping (HOP) with the highest production (955 ml per day) in frequent users of hand expression. In this study, we compared milk composition between mothers stratified by early hand expression ...
Omenaca Felix - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Rotavirus disease is more severe in pre-term infants than in full-term infants. This study assessed the safety, reactogenicity and immunogenicity of a human rotavirus vaccine, RIX4414 in European pre-term infants. METHODS: 1009 pre-term infants were randomized (2:1; vaccine: placebo) and stratified into two groups: 20% of early [27-30 weeks; ...
Beetz Rolf - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The prevalence of urinary tract infections (UTIs) among full-term neonates has been reported to be up to 1.1%, increasing up to 7% among those with fever. UTI in neonates may be the first indicator of underlying abnormalities of kidneys and the urinary tract. RECENT FINDINGS: Early recognition ...
Anadkat J S JS Division of Newborn Medicine, The Edward Mallinckrodt Department of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MI 63110, USA. - - 2012
To determine whether race/ethnicity and sex independently increase risk of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in late preterm and term infants. Using a cohort design, we studied the risk of RDS associated with race/ethnicity and sex in infants with gestational age (GA) 34 to 42 weeks born between 1 January 2000 ...
Mulder E E M - - 2012
Background: Ventilator-induced lung injury has been recognized as a major contributing factor for bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in preterm infants. In the last decade, focus has shifted towards a more gentle respiratory approach. Aim: To evaluate whether guideline changes in respiratory management in the delivery room and the unit improved the ...
Blanco Cynthia Liudmilla - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: To examine the effects of early and high intravenous (IV) amino acid (AA) supplementation on growth, health and neurodevelopment of ELBW infants throughout their first 2 years of life. METHODS:: Infants were prospectively randomized in a double-masked fashion and treated for 7 days with either IVAA starting at 0.5g●kg●d ...
Kalra Pramila - - 2012
Hypovitaminosis D is common in India. In the present prospective partially randomised study of vitamin D (D3) supplementation during pregnancy, subjects were randomised in the second trimester to receive either one oral dose of 1500 μg vitamin D3 (group 1, n 48) or two doses of 3000 μg vitamin D3 each in ...
Sagot P - - 2012
BACKGROUNDWhile intrauterine insemination (IUI), a simple, inexpensive and non-invasive technique, is the most used assisted reproduction technology (ART) worldwide, the risk of major birth defects following IUI is paradoxically not well documented.METHODSRetrospective cohort study performed in Burgundy, France, over a 9-year period which consisted of the cross analysis of two ...
Austin Marie-Paule V - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Mood disorders arising in the perinatal period (conception to the first postnatal year), occur in up to 13% of women. The adverse impact of mood disorders on mother, infant and family with potential long-term consequences are well documented. There is a need for clear, evidence-based, guidelines for midwives and ...
Lowe Jean R - - 2012
This study used the Still Face Paradigm to investigate the relationship of maternal interaction on infants' emotion regulation responses. Seventy infant-mother dyads were seen at 4 months and 25 of these same dyads were re-evaluated at 9 months. Maternal interactions were coded for attention seeking and contingent responding. Emotional regulation ...
Okulu E - - 2012
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is the most common intrauterine and perinatal viral infection. Postnatal CMV infection is acquired mainly from breast milk and may cause severe illness in preterm infants. We report an extremely low birth weight infant who presented with a sepsis-like syndrome and multiple organ involvement, notably hepatitis and ...
Dubé Marie-Christine - - 2012
Objective: To explore the relationship between maternal lifelong body weight history and anthropometric measurements in the offspring. Methods: We studied a prospective sample of 48 pregnant women with either gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM, n = 21) or normal glucose tolerance (NGT, n = 27). Reported maternal weight at birth, 20 ...
Gupta Simi - - 2012
17 α hydroxyprogesterone caproate is a synthetic form of the natural progestin 17-α hydroxyprogesterone that is US FDA approved for the prevention of recurrent spontaneous preterm birth in women with a history of a prior singleton preterm birth. For women with a history of a prior spontaneous preterm birth between 20 ...
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