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Vajzovic Lejla - - 2012
To correlate human foveal development visualized by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SDOCT) with histologic specimens. Retrospective, observational case series. Morphology and layer thickness of retinal SDOCT images from 1 eye each of 22 premature infants, 30 term infants, 16 children, and 1 adult without macular disease were compared to light ...
Liao Adelene Y - - 2012
The substantial risks of button battery ingestion in children have been known to clinicians for some time. Modern button batteries are twice as large (20 mm rather than 10 mm) and twice as powerful (3 V rather than 1.5 V) as older batteries. Ingestion of modern batteries causes earlier and more severe tissue injury, ...
Rijlaarsdam Jolien - - 2012
The present paper reports on the development and the psychometric properties of a brief observational assessment of home environments for use in large-scale investigations with young infants. We generated observational items conceptually relevant for child development by two methods. First, we adapted the Infant Toddler Home Observation for Measurement of ...
da Graça André Laboreiro Ferreira Mendes - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Clinical assessment of gestational age (GA) in preterm infants can be challenging. Several ultrasound approaches for estimating GA using cerebellar measurements are reported, claiming to be simpler and more accurate than clinical assessment, but they are not widely used. We aimed to compare the accuracy of four ...
Yamashita Wakayo - - 2012
Eye gaze is an important tool for social contact. In this study, we investigated whether direct gaze facilitates the recognition of three-dimensional face images in infants. We presented artificially produced face images in rotation to 6 to 8 month-old infants. The eye gaze of the face images was either direct ...
Dennington Debra - - 2012
Background: The placement of the endotracheal tube (ETT) in neonates is a challenging procedure that currently requires timely confirmation of tip placement by radiographic imaging. Objective: We sought to determine if bedside ultrasound (US) could demonstrate ETT tip location in preterm and term newborns and offer a quick alternative method ...
Neumann Katrin - - 2012
Abstract Objective: Because newborn hearing screening (NHS) programs are currently implemented in an increasing number of countries, physiological NHS technologies have to be continuously optimized. This study validates a new TEOAE-AABR screening device. Design: TEOAE and AABR screenings were performed in 299 ears with both the new NHS device and ...
Winter Harland - - 2012
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is present in pediatric patients when reflux of gastric contents causes troublesome symptoms and/or complications. The present study evaluates the efficacy and safety of esomeprazole in infants ages 1 to 11 months with GERD. In this multicenter randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, treatment-withdrawal study, infants received open-label, ...
Boss R D - - 2012
When discussing the benefits and burdens of medical interventions for critically ill infants, clinicians and families are challenged to weigh the uncertainties of treatment success with infant pain and suffering. Concrete measures of infant suffering or quality of life, which could inform infant care and decision-making are lacking. Although consistent ...
Vouloumanos Athena - - 2012
The ability to decode atypical and degraded speech signals as intelligible is a hallmark of speech perception. Human adults can perceive sounds as speech even when they are generated by a variety of nonhuman sources including computers and parrots. We examined how infants perceive the speech-like vocalizations of a parrot. ...
Gage H - - 2012
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:Infant feeding decisions made by new parents have significant health implications. The study aimed to investigate: influences on infant feeding decisions; characteristics of mothers reporting reliance on alternative information sources; associations between reliance on different sources and intentions to exclusively breastfeed and introduce complementary foods later; and subsequent breastfeeding and ...
Morris Nicholas - - 2012
Background:  For measurement of cerebral regional oxygen saturation (crSO2) in neonates, one of the frequently used near-infrared spectroscopy devices is the INVOS 5100 with either the neonatal or pediatric sensor. Measurements between adult and pediatric sensors use different algorithms and differ by 10%. There are no published data comparing neonatal ...
Blencowe Hannah - - 2012
Preterm birth is the second largest direct cause of child deaths in children younger than 5 years. Yet, data regarding preterm birth (<37 completed weeks of gestation) are not routinely collected by UN agencies, and no systematic country estimates nor time trend analyses have been done. We report worldwide, regional, ...
Roggero Paola - - 2012
Background:Adiposity may contribute to the future risk of disease. The aim was to evaluate the accuracy and reliability of an air-displacement plethysmography system (ADP) to estimate percentage fat mass (%FM) in preterm infants and to evaluate inter-device reliability in infants.Methods:70 preterm and 9 full term infants were assessed. The accuracy ...
Weaver Daniel T - - 2012
To demonstrate the feasibility of telemedicine screening for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) by summarizing the results of our experience screening premature infants at a distant hospital in a rural location. Records of all premature infants remotely screened for ROP at a neonatal intensive care unit in Great Falls, Montana, from ...
- - 2012
Newborn screening is the practice of testing every newborn for certain harmful or potentially fatal conditions, such as hearing loss and certain genetic, endocrine, and metabolic disorders that typically are not otherwise apparent at birth. Newborn screening in the United States began in the 1960s. Universal newborn screening has become ...
Freeman Danielle - - 2012
: Safe and effective functioning of nasogastric and orogastric tubes in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is achieved by ensuring their correct placement within the stomach. Insertion length has traditionally been estimated using morphological measures, but studies have indicated that these are frequently inaccurate. This study aimed to evaluate ...
Bondagji Nabeel S - - 2012
To determine the corrected perinatal mortality rate (PMR) in a single tertiary care center, and to test the effect of unbooked pregnancies on the PMR, and amalgamate the 2 to develop a new terminology known as the extended corrected PMR. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all women who ...
Spiller Henry A - - 2012
Amlodipine is a dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker used in the treatment of hypertension and angina pectoris. Toxic effects reported from amlodipine include hypotension, reflex tachycardia, metabolic acidosis, and pulmonary edema. We report a rare fatality in an infant after ingestion of amlodipine with benazepril, with postmortem blood concentrations. An 11-month-old, ...
Bagner Daniel M DM Department of Psychology, Florida International University, 11200 S.W. 8th St., AHS I, Room 241, Miami, FL 33199, USA. - - 2012
Behavioral and emotional problems are highly prevalent in early childhood and represent an important focus of practice for clinical child and pediatric psychologists. Although psychological or psychiatric disorders are not typically diagnosed in children under the age of 2 years, recent research has demonstrated the appropriateness of assessing behavioral and ...
Vogt C C Department of Laboratory Medicine, Children's and Women's Health, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway. - - 2012
To determine if postmortem examinations of fetuses and infants change the diagnosis obtained at prenatal ultrasound and affect counseling of future pregnancies, and if there has been a change over recent years in the accuracy of prenatal ultrasound diagnosis. This was a retrospective review of 455 autopsies of fetuses and ...
Capilouto Gilson J - - 2012
Novel uses of ultrasound include obtaining images of intra-oral structures to further research in speech production and feeding. In this technical note we describe a noninvasive, cost-effective, and reliable method for measuring infant tongue muscle thickness. The current pilot study demonstrates high reliability of a trained ultrasonographer to obtain adequate ...
Johnson Leigh F LF Centre for Infectious Disease Epidemiology and Research, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa. - - 2012
Guidelines for treatment of pediatric HIV have recently changed to recommend that all infants who are identified as HIV-infected should start antiretroviral treatment (ART) immediately, regardless of their immunologic or clinical status. This study aims to assess the likely impact of this change in guideline in South Africa. A mathematical ...
Barker Melinda J - - 2012
Aim:  Targeted newborn hearing screening for infants in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) may be considered when resources preclude universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS). However, process outcomes have not been compared between stand-alone NICU hearing screening programs and NICU screening within a full UNHS program. Methods:  Comparison of two consecutive ...
Tanno L K - - 2012
Undernotification is well recognized as a key challenge to the study of anaphylaxis mortality, but it is seldom mentioned that one of its reasons is the difficult coding of the condition under the tenth revision of the international classification of diseases (ICD-10), given that there are no anaphylaxis-specific ICD-10, which ...
Huynh Trang K - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the two-thumb technique is superior to the two-finger technique for administering chest compressions using the floor surface and the preferred location for performing infant cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) (ie, floor, table, or radiant warmer). STUDY DESIGN: Twenty Neonatal Resuscitation Program trained medical personnel performed CPR on a ...
Kato Toru - - 2012
Introduction:To assess differences in amplitude among electrode locations on amplitude-integrated electroencephalograms (aEEGs) in preterm infants and change therein between preterm age and term-equivalent age (TEA), we investigated aEEGs in preterm infants at both 30-32 weeks post-conceptional age (PCA) and TEA.Methods:The median values of upper- and lower-margin amplitudes were quantitatively calculated ...
Liu Lichuan - - 2012
Infant incubators are widely used in neonatal intensive care units (NICU) for the pre-term or sick babies. In this paper, we propose an active noise control (ANC) system integrated with infant cry detection and classification function for infant incubators. The incubator ANC system reduces the high noise level which results ...
Karkee R - - 2012
Nepal reportedly reduced the maternal mortality ratio by 48% within one decade between 1996-2005 and received the Millennium development goal award for this. However, there is debate regarding the accuracy of this figure. On the basis of framework of determinants of maternal mortality proposed by McCarthy and Maine in 1992 ...
Darmstadt Gary L GL International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA. - - 2012
We sought to determine the effects of maternal zinc supplementation on skin infections among infants in poor urban areas of Dhaka, Bangladesh. A double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized trial was conducted among 199 and 221 Bangladeshi infants whose mothers were administered 30 mg daily of zinc or placebo, respectively. The mothers received ...
Woo Jessica G JG Division of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Ave, Cincinnati, OH 45229-3039, USA. - - 2012
Serum adiponectin (APN) is associated with lower childhood obesity, and APN concentration in human milk is associated with slower growth during active breast-feeding. We examined infant weight gain in the second year of life after exposure to high or low levels of mother's milk APN. Breast-feeding mother-infant pairs were recruited ...
Forsyth Stewart - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The International Code of Marketing of Breast Milk Substitutes states that governments, non-governmental organizations, experts, consumers and industry need to cooperate in activities aimed at improving infant nutrition. However, the evidence from the last three decades is that of a series of disputes, legal proceedings and boycotts. ...
Pina D R - - 2012
Purpose: The main purpose of the present study was to determine the amounts of different tissues in the chest of the newborn patient (age ≤1 year), with the aim of developing a homogeneous phantom chest equivalent. This type of phantom is indispensable in the development of optimization procedures for radiographic ...
Fiadjoe John E - - 2012
Intubation in children is increasingly performed using video laryngoscopes. Many pediatric studies examine novice laryngoscopists or describe single patient experiences. This prospective randomized nonblinded equivalence trial compares intubation time for the GlideScope Cobalt® video laryngoscope (GCV, Verathon Medical, Bothell, WA) with direct laryngoscopy with a Miller blade (DL, Heine, Dover, ...
Steeve Roger W - - 2012
An empirical gap exists in our understanding of the extent that mandibular kinematics modulate acoustic changes in natural babble productions of infants. Data were recorded from a normal developing 9-month-old infant. Mandibular position was tracked from the infant during vowel and canonical babble. Linear predictive coding analysis was used to ...
Mwangome Martha K MK KEMRI/Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Kilifi, Kenya. - - 2012
To assess the inter-observer variability and accuracy of Mid Upper Arm Circumference (MUAC) and weight-for-length Z score (WFLz) among infants aged <6 months performed by community health workers (CHWs) in Kilifi District, Kenya. A cross-sectional repeatability study estimated inter-observer variation and accuracy of measurements initially undertaken by an expert anthropometrist, ...
Maresh Jordan - - 2012
Because good information on deaths caused by a fall would be important for prevention policies, we analyzed the influence of coding differences on variability in state-level fall death rates in the elderly. We examined state differences in the number of cause of death codes on death certificates, death certifiers, completeness ...
Zakarija-Grkovic Irena - - 2012
Background: Accurate hospital exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) rates, a core indicator of hospital performance, are important.Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of hospital infant feeding data by comparing EBF rates obtained from standard charts in which once-daily observations are recorded with new infant feeding charts in ...
Wehby George L GL Department of Health Management and Policy, University of Iowa, E205 GH, 200 Hawkins Drive, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA. - - 2012
To assess the effects of hospital volume of very low-birthweight (VLBW) infants on in-hospital mortality of VLBW and very preterm birth (VPB) infants in South America. Birth-registry data for infants born in 1982-2008 at VLBW or very preterm in 66 hospitals in Argentina, Brazil, and Chile. Regression analyses that adjust ...
Whaley Shannon E - - 2012
Background: Multiple datasets collect breastfeeding data in the United States (US), but a coordinated monitoring and surveillance system does not currently exist. The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) reaches over 50% of all infants in the US and provides a potential wealth of administrative data ...
Friderichs Niki - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Screening programs at primary health care immunization clinics have been proposed as an alternative to hospital-based programs in South Africa. The objective of this study was to evaluate the first systematic community-based infant hearing screening program in a developing South African community in the Western Cape. METHODS: A community-based ...
Cebulla Mario - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: At our center, the Maico MB11 BERAphone(®) device is used for newborn hearing screening based on Auditory Brainstem Responses (ABR). In 2006, an optimized chirp stimulus was implemented in the device to increase the reliability and quality of the screening method. In 2002, an automated response detection algorithm had ...
Bornstein Marc H - - 2012
This study uses country and regional contrasts to examine culture-common and community-specific variation in mother-infant emotional relationships. Altogether, 220 Argentine, Italian, and U.S. American mothers and their daughters and sons, living in rural and metropolitan settings, were observed at home at infant age 5 months. Both variable- and person-centered perspectives ...
Martín Virginia - - 2012
In previous years, it has been shown that human milk is a potential source of bacteria for the infant gut. The results of this work confirm the presence of the same specific bacterial strains of Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus, and Staphylococcus in breast milk and infant fecal samples. The identity of bacteria ...
Paisley Robert D - - 2012
Pertussis, or whooping cough, which is commonly thought of as a pediatric illness, is an underappreciated adult pathogen. Recent outbreaks highlight the significance of pertussis in adults and the risk of transmission to at-risk infants who are most susceptible to complications, including death. This article describes the recent epidemiologic shifts ...
Demmert M - - 2012
In recent years galectin-3 has gained attention as a signalling molecule, mainly in inflammatory diseases. Data on galectin-3 expression in neonates, however, are limited, and expression of this lectin in cord blood has not yet been reported. The aim of this study was to determine galectin-3 levels in cord blood ...
Knapp Katherine M - - 2012
Although use of efficacious interventions, including antiretrovirals (ARVs), has dramatically reduced the rate of mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus, the safety of in utero ARV exposure remains of concern. Data regarding 1112 infants enrolled in the International Maternal Pediatric Adolescent AIDS Clinical Trials Group protocol P1025 born between 2002 ...
Schumacher Sandra K - - 2012
Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) causes otitis media, sinusitis, and likely lower respiratory tract infections in children. Colonization, strain diversity, transmission, and antimicrobial susceptibility have implications for both children and their caregivers. For 13 months, we conducted a cross-sectional study of NTHi colonization. Upper respiratory tract cultures were performed in 273 ...
Rogers Cynthia E CE Washington University, USA. - - 2012
Preterm children are at risk for social-emotional difficulties, including autism and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. We assessed the relationship of regional brain development in preterm children, evaluated via magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at term-equivalent postmenstrual age (TEA), to later social-emotional difficulties. MR images obtained at TEA from 184 very preterm infants (gestation ...
Lovrenski Jovan - - 2012
To evaluate the diagnostic possibilities of lung ultrasonography (LUS) in detecting pulmonary complications in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). A prospective study included 120 preterm infants with clinical and radiographic signs of RDS. LUS was performed using both a transthoracic and a transabdominal approach within the first 24 ...
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