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Results 151 - 200 of 1867
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Mwangome Martha K MK KEMRI/Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Kilifi, Kenya. - - 2012
To assess the inter-observer variability and accuracy of Mid Upper Arm Circumference (MUAC) and weight-for-length Z score (WFLz) among infants aged <6 months performed by community health workers (CHWs) in Kilifi District, Kenya. A cross-sectional repeatability study estimated inter-observer variation and accuracy of measurements initially undertaken by an expert anthropometrist, ...
Maresh Jordan - - 2012
Because good information on deaths caused by a fall would be important for prevention policies, we analyzed the influence of coding differences on variability in state-level fall death rates in the elderly. We examined state differences in the number of cause of death codes on death certificates, death certifiers, completeness ...
Zakarija-Grkovic Irena - - 2012
Background: Accurate hospital exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) rates, a core indicator of hospital performance, are important.Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of hospital infant feeding data by comparing EBF rates obtained from standard charts in which once-daily observations are recorded with new infant feeding charts in ...
Wehby George L - - 2012
To assess the effects of hospital volume of very low-birthweight (VLBW) infants on in-hospital mortality of VLBW and very preterm birth (VPB) infants in South America. Birth-registry data for infants born in 1982-2008 at VLBW or very preterm in 66 hospitals in Argentina, Brazil, and Chile. Regression analyses that adjust ...
Whaley Shannon E - - 2012
Background: Multiple datasets collect breastfeeding data in the United States (US), but a coordinated monitoring and surveillance system does not currently exist. The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) reaches over 50% of all infants in the US and provides a potential wealth of administrative data ...
Friderichs Niki - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Screening programs at primary health care immunization clinics have been proposed as an alternative to hospital-based programs in South Africa. The objective of this study was to evaluate the first systematic community-based infant hearing screening program in a developing South African community in the Western Cape. METHODS: A community-based ...
Cebulla Mario - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: At our center, the Maico MB11 BERAphone(®) device is used for newborn hearing screening based on Auditory Brainstem Responses (ABR). In 2006, an optimized chirp stimulus was implemented in the device to increase the reliability and quality of the screening method. In 2002, an automated response detection algorithm had ...
Bornstein Marc H - - 2012
This study uses country and regional contrasts to examine culture-common and community-specific variation in mother-infant emotional relationships. Altogether, 220 Argentine, Italian, and U.S. American mothers and their daughters and sons, living in rural and metropolitan settings, were observed at home at infant age 5 months. Both variable- and person-centered perspectives ...
Martín Virginia - - 2012
In previous years, it has been shown that human milk is a potential source of bacteria for the infant gut. The results of this work confirm the presence of the same specific bacterial strains of Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus, and Staphylococcus in breast milk and infant fecal samples. The identity of bacteria ...
Paisley Robert D - - 2012
Pertussis, or whooping cough, which is commonly thought of as a pediatric illness, is an underappreciated adult pathogen. Recent outbreaks highlight the significance of pertussis in adults and the risk of transmission to at-risk infants who are most susceptible to complications, including death. This article describes the recent epidemiologic shifts ...
Demmert M - - 2012
In recent years galectin-3 has gained attention as a signalling molecule, mainly in inflammatory diseases. Data on galectin-3 expression in neonates, however, are limited, and expression of this lectin in cord blood has not yet been reported. The aim of this study was to determine galectin-3 levels in cord blood ...
Rogers Cynthia E - - 2012
Preterm children are at risk for social-emotional difficulties, including autism and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. We assessed the relationship of regional brain development in preterm children, evaluated via magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at term-equivalent postmenstrual age (TEA), to later social-emotional difficulties. MR images obtained at TEA from 184 very preterm infants (gestation ...
Knapp Katherine M - - 2012
Although use of efficacious interventions, including antiretrovirals (ARVs), has dramatically reduced the rate of mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus, the safety of in utero ARV exposure remains of concern. Data regarding 1112 infants enrolled in the International Maternal Pediatric Adolescent AIDS Clinical Trials Group protocol P1025 born between 2002 ...
Schumacher Sandra K - - 2012
Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) causes otitis media, sinusitis, and likely lower respiratory tract infections in children. Colonization, strain diversity, transmission, and antimicrobial susceptibility have implications for both children and their caregivers. For 13 months, we conducted a cross-sectional study of NTHi colonization. Upper respiratory tract cultures were performed in 273 ...
Lovrenski Jovan - - 2012
To evaluate the diagnostic possibilities of lung ultrasonography (LUS) in detecting pulmonary complications in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). A prospective study included 120 preterm infants with clinical and radiographic signs of RDS. LUS was performed using both a transthoracic and a transabdominal approach within the first 24 ...
Kandasamy Yogavijayan - - 2012
BackgroundThe objectives of this study were to measure optic disc size in full term infants and to determine whether this value is influenced by sex or birth weight.MethodsRetinal images from a cohort of full term infants admitted to a tertiary perinatal centre were obtained using a retinal camera. Optic disc ...
Uzark Karen - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Poor weight gain is common in infants after Stage I Norwood operation and can negatively impact outcomes. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of feeding strategy on interstage weight gain. METHODS: In a multi-centre study, 158 infants discharged following the Norwood operation were enrolled ...
Spandau Ulrich - - 2012
Purpose:  To discuss treatment modalities for aggressive posterior retinopathy of prematurity (AP-ROP). Methods:  The medical charts of all infants with AP-ROP at Uppsala University Hospital, Sweden, during a 2-year period (2009 and 2010) were reviewed. Eight infants (16 eyes) with a mean gestational age of 23.8 weeks and a mean birth ...
Voss W - - 2012
Aim:  The purpose of the present contribution is to analyse the relationships between perinatal risk factors, social parameters, and neurodevelopmental outcomes in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) children up to the age of 10 to 13 years. Methods:  Of 200 live-born ELBW infants, 148 were enrolled in the high-risk infant ...
Yee Wendy H - - 2012
OBJECTIVES:To examine the variation in the incidence and to identify the timing of the presentation of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in a cohort of preterm infants within the Canadian Neonatal Network (CNN).METHODS:This was a population-based cohort of 16 669 infants with gestational age (GA) <33 weeks, admitted to 25 NICUs participating in ...
Duncan Andrea Freeman - - 2012
To evaluate the relationship of race/ethnicity to Cognitive and Language scores on the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, Third Edition in extremely preterm toddlers (<28 + 0 weeks' estimated gestational age). This cohort study included extremely preterm toddlers seen at Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and ...
Shapiro-Mendoza Carrie K - - 2012
Preterm birth affects 12.5% of all births in the USA. Infants of Black mothers are disproportionately affected, with 1.5 times the risk of preterm birth and 3.4 times the risk of preterm-related mortality. The preterm birth rate has increased by 33% in the last 25 years, almost entirely due to ...
Baştuğ Funda - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Urolithiasis in infants is not a very rare situation in Turkey, and the incidence has been increasing in recent years. The purpose of this paper was to investigate the clinical characteristics, metabolic and anatomic risk factors for urolithiasis and microlithiasis in infants. METHODS: The cases of 178 infants (63 ...
Peacock Janet L - - 2012
Introduction:Although important new strategies have improved outcomes for very preterm infants, males have greater mortality/morbidity than females. We investigated whether the excess of adverse later effects in males operated through poorer neonatal profile or if there was an intrinsic male effect.Results:Male sex was significantly associated with higher birth weight, death ...
Inatomi Tadashi - - 2012
Introduction:The presence of microorganisms in gastric fluid in neonates at birth is postulated to reflect antenatal infection and also to be associated with the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD).Results:A logistic regression analysis, after controlling for other risk factors, indicated that Ureaplasma-positive infants were not at increased risk for moderate/severe BPD ...
Trotter Andreas - - 2012
Context:Extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants are prone to impaired neurodevelopment.Objective:The aim was to determine long-term neurodevelopmental outcome in ELBW infants after postnatal 17β-estradiol (E2) and progesterone (P) replacement.Design:At 5-yr corrected age, ELBW infants were assessed for standardized cognitive and neurological outcome after postnatal randomized E2 and P replacement or ...
Rüttimann D - - 2012
This article contributes to the research on demographics and public health of urban populations of preindustrial Europe. The key source is a burial register that contains information on the deceased, such as age and sex, residence and cause of death. This register is one of the earliest compilations of data ...
Lukacs Susan L - - 2012
To describe the burden and characteristics of clinical neonatal sepsis in the United States and evaluate incidence rates after the issuance of intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis (IAP) guidelines. This is a cross-sectional study of hospitalizations of infants aged <3 months diagnosed with sepsis from the 1988-2006 National Hospital Discharge Survey. The ...
Cohen-Wolkowiez Michael - - 2012
Pharmacokinetic (PK) studies in preterm infants are rarely conducted due to the research challenges posed by this population. To overcome these challenges, minimal-risk methods such as scavenged sampling can be used to evaluate the PK of commonly used drugs in this population. We evaluated the population PK of metronidazole using ...
Kuo Sheree - - 2012
Objective:  Delivery of premature infants outside tertiary care centers is not always preventable. The aim of this study is to compare rates of survival and common morbidities in extremely premature babies transported to a level III facility versus those born at the level III center. Study Design:  Retrospective chart review ...
Brisson Julie - - 2012
Previous studies on autism have shown a lack of motor anticipation in children and adults with autism. As part of a programme of research into early detection of autism, we focussed on an everyday situation: spoon-feeding. We hypothesize that an anticipation deficit may be found very early on by observing ...
Minowa Hideki - - 2012
Objective:  To clarify the timing of injuries in utero that cause respiratory inhibition after crying (RIAC), we evaluated infants with cranial ultrasound abnormalities diagnosed during hospitalization. Methods:  We retrospectively examined the medical records of preterm infants who were treated in the neonatal intensive care unit at Nara Prefectural Hospital in ...
Wan Ming Wai - - 2012
Recent models of the early emergence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) propose an interaction between risk susceptibility and the infant's social environment, resulting in a progressively atypical developmental trajectory. The infant's early social environmental experience consists mostly of interaction with caregivers, yet there has been little systematic study of early ...
Merhar Stephanie L SL Division of Neonatology, Perinatal Institute, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA. - - 2012
To determine whether extremely low-birthweight (ELBW) infants with bilateral compared to unilateral intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH) have worse neurodevelopmental outcomes at 18-22 months. A total of 166 ELBW infants (<1000 g) admitted to a Cincinnati NICU from 1998 to 2005 with a head ultrasound showing Grade I-IV IVH and neurodevelopmental assessment ...
Cha Jeeyeon - - 2012
Comment on: Hirota Y, et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 2011; 108:18073-8.
Kanemaru Nao N Department of Physical and Health Education, Graduate School of Education, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, - - 2012
In the field of motor development, a question exists whether spontaneous activity in early infancy serves as a precursor to later-emerging goal-directed behaviors. To answer this question, it is necessary to investigate in detail the properties of spontaneous movements in individual infants. In the current study, we longitudinally examined the ...
Da Costa Annette C - - 2012
PURPOSE: Single-suture craniosynostosis (SSC) is a congenital craniofacial disorder, in which premature fusion of one of the skull sutures restricts and distorts growth of the cranium and underlying brain. This disorder of prenatal onset occurs during a critical phase of rapid growth and development of the immature brain. Craniosynostosis carries ...
McCarthy Ann Marie - - 2012
To evaluate the utility of the Bayley Infant Neurodevelopmental Screener (BINS), standardized in the US, for South American infants, 3-24 months of age. Thirty-five physicians administered the BINS to 2471 South American infants recruited during routine well-child visits, 578 (23%) from Brazil and 1893 (77%) from six other South American ...
Berger Thomas M - - 2012
BackgroundThe publication of Swiss guidelines for the care of infants at the limit of viability (22-25 completed weeks) was followed by increased survival rates in the more mature infants (25 completed weeks). At the same time, considerable centre-to-centre (CTC) differences were noted.ObjectivesTo examine the trend of survival rates of borderline ...
Nijman Joppe - - 2012
ObjectiveTo study risk factors and cranial ultrasound (cUS) findings in a large cohort of preterm infants, admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit and diagnosed with postnatally acquired cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection.Study designThis prospective, observational study was performed from April 2007 until June 2009 among 315 infants born <32 weeks of ...
Wang Yanping - - 2012
The purpose of the study was to investigate the trends and causes of regional disparities of infant mortality rate (IMR) in rural China from 1996 to 2008. A population-based, longitudinal study. The national child mortality surveillance network. Population of the 79 surveillance counties. IMR, leading causes of infant death and ...
Ben-Sasson Ayelet - - 2012
This study was designed to examine the generalizability and validity of the First Year Inventory (FYI) in Israel. Parents completed the FYI about their 12-month-olds (N = 471). Up to one month later, 17 at-risk and 38 non-risk infants participated in an assessment in which the Autism Observation Scale for Infants (AOSI) ...
Raimondi Francesco - - 2012
BACKGROUND & AIM:: Very low birth weight neonates may develop severe intolerance to standard preterm formula especially if they associate intrauterine growth restriction. We tested the hypothesis that these infants may tolerate an elemental, amino-acid based formula as a rescue feeding strategy. METHODS:: in a prospective, case-control pilot study, we ...
Gaffney Kathleen F - - 2012
Background: The World Health Organization has identified childhood obesity as a major threat to global health. Accumulating evidence indicates that excess weight early in life is predictive of later childhood and adolescent obesity. Clinical practice guidelines for infant feeding behaviors have been developed by national and international health organizations. The ...
Wu Li - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of hypothermia in the treatment of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) in neonates at 18 mo of age or more. Also to examine whether the severity of encephalopathy affects the efficacy of hypothermia on mortality and neurodevelopmental disability. METHODS: The authors recruited the trials that assessed the efficacy ...
Lulic-Botica Mirjana - - 2012
To evaluate fluctuations in anti-Xa concentrations in infants treated with enoxaparin for thrombosis and describe clinical outcomes. A retrospective chart review was performed on infants treated with enoxaparin in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, and data on enoxaparin doses, anti-Xa concentrations, clinical characteristics and outcomes were abstracted. Our cohort (n ...
Butler-O'Hara Meggan - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether introduction of an evidence-based percutaneously inserted central catheter (PICC) care bundle reduced the risk of central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI), thus altering the comparative risk of CLABSI in infants. STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective cohort study included all infants for whom an umbilical venous catheter (UVC) was ...
Meadow William - - 2012
To quantify the cost and prediction of futile care in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). We observed 1813 infants on 100,000 NICU bed days between 1999 and 2008 at the University of Chicago. We determined costs and assessed predictions of futility for each day the infant required mechanical ventilation. ...
Vieira M C - - 2012
Aim:  To prospectively evaluate the effects of oral domperidone on the QTc interval in infants. Methods:  Infants (0-1 year) with a diagnosis of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease were included. A 12-lead electrocardiography (ECG) was performed in all infants at baseline and 1 hour after the intake of domperidone after 7 to ...
Azizzadeh Mohammad - - 2012
The objective of this study was to document mortality reasons and risk factors for mortality in dairy calves in the northeast of Iran. This was a prospective cohort study of calves born on ten commercial dairy herds from 21 March 2009 to 20 March 2010. A total of 4097 live ...
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