Search Results
Results 851 - 900 of 1869
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Carletti Claudia - - 2011
This study assessed the prevalence and duration of breastfeeding up to 24 months and the associated socioeconomic determinants in a birth cohort of children. Four hundred infants born in a hospital in the north east of Italy were enrolled at birth and followed up for 36 months. Data on infant ...
Naher B S - - 2011
This cross sectional observational study was done in the division of neonatology, department of pediatrics, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) in the year 2007. The study population was 50 newborns in total who needed evaluation of sepsis on clinical suspicion. The main objective of this study was to assess ...
Jeng Susy - - 2011
In a population-based retrospective cohort of 5,353,022 California births from 1991 to 2000, 3,152 newborns were diagnosed with congenital hydrocephalus during the birth hospitalization. We compared demographic and clinical characteristics of infants with and without congenital hydrocephalus, and examined in-hospital fatality rates. The prevalence of congenital hydrocephalus was 5.9 per ...
Schouten Bastiaan - - 2011
To cite this article: Schouten B, Van Esch BCAM, Kormelink TG, Moro GE, Arslanoglu S, Boehm G, Knippels LMJ, Redegeld FA, Willemsen LEM, Garssen J. Non-digestible oligosaccharides reduce immunoglobulin free light-chain concentrations in infants at risk for allergy. Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2011; 22: 537-542. ABSTRACT: Prebiotic oligosaccharides influence the intestinal ...
Oróstegui-Pinilla D - - 2011
Congenital malaria is a condition rarely diagnosed, even in endemic countries. This tropical disease is associated with high mortality in the absence of timely recognition and prompt therapy, particularly when is due to Plasmodium falciparum, however Plasmodium vivax can also lead to relevant morbidity and mortality. We report an unusual ...
Klinthäll Martin - - 2011
Objectives. Previous research has demonstrated mortality differences between immigrants and natives living in Sweden. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of early life conditions in the country of birth and current socio-economic conditions in adult life in Sweden on cardiovascular, cancer, all other cause and total ...
Piyasil Vinadda - - 2011
To study the prevalence of postpartum depression in the mothers of preterm infants at Queen Sirikit National Institute of Child Health. A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted at 1 to 6 months after delivery in 41 postpartum women of healthy preterm infants at the high risk clinic, Queen Sirikit National ...
Gurgel Eloah de Paula Pessoa - - 2011
An investigation was made on the effectiveness of using semipermeable membrane on the skin of preterm infants on the evolution of weight loss and blood glucose values, water share, urine specific gravity and sodium. This is an experimental study, of the randomized clinical trial type, carried out from March to ...
Zhao Kun - - 2011
Background: Cardiopulmonary bypass may cause serious impairment of lung function. It has been reported that administration of mucosolvin can prevent acute respiratory insufficiency through the improvement of pulmonary surfactant.Objectives: This study aimed to explore the effects of high-dose mucosolvin on infant lungs following cardiopulmonary bypass.Methods: One hundred infants were randomly ...
Cetinkaya Merih - - 2011
The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of serum amyloid A (SAA) with that of C-reactive protein (CRP), and procalcitonin (PCT) in diagnosis and follow-up of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in preterm infants. A total of 152 infants were enrolled into this observational study. The infants were classified ...
Huang Mary I - - 2011
Object Nonaccidental head trauma (NAHT) is a major cause of death in infants. During the current economic recession, the authors noticed an anecdotal increase in infants with NAHT without an increase in the overall number of infants admitted with traumatic injuries. An analysis was performed to determine whether there was ...
Means Seth W - - 2011
Vascular access is critical in the care of sick infants and children for the direct administration of medications and fluids. In infants, especially preterm infants, the use of scalp veins is a common practice because of less subcutaneous fat and less mobility around the catheter site decreasing the risk of ...
McQueen Karen A - - 2011
: To determine whether neonatal abstinence scores of infants exposed to methadone in utero differed by infant feeding method. : A retrospective chart review. : Twenty-eight term infants that were exposed to methadone in utero and exhibited symptoms of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) prior to hospital discharge were included into ...
Wen Li Ming - - 2011
To assess the effectiveness of a home-based early intervention on infant feeding practices and "tummy time" for infants in the first year of life. Randomized controlled trial with follow-up measures scheduled at 6 and 12 months. Socially and economically disadvantaged areas of Sydney, Australia. We recruited 667 first-time mothers and ...
Shajari Hamideh - - 2011
There is limited data in the literature on the normal size of the anterior fontanelle. This cross- sectional study was to determine normal values of anterior fontanelle size on the first day of life, using standard methods. Anterior fontanelle size was measured in 400 term and healthy neonates delivered at ...
Zabidi A - - 2011
Hypothyroidism in infants is caused by the insufficient production of hormones by the thyroid gland. Due to stress in the chest cavity as a result of the enlarged liver, their cry signals are unique and can be distinguished from the healthy infant cries. This study investigates the effect of feature ...
Chotigeat Uraiwan - - 2011
Adolescent period is the transitional stage of physical and mental development from childhood to adulthood. Pregnancy in teenage girls is generally classified to have a higher risk than those in adults. In many previous studies reported only the outcome of teenage mothers but no comparative outcome between sick babies born ...
Tasman William - - 2011
To assess the present-day prevalence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) worldwide. A search of the literature was conducted to better define the worldwide experience with ROP. An interview was also conducted with 2 schools for the blind, Overbrook in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and Perkins in Watertown, Massachusetts. The study also is ...
Taha Taha E - - 2011
We assessed morbidity rates during short intervals that accompanied weaning and cumulative mortality among HIV-exposed, uninfected infants enrolled in the postexposure prophylaxis of infants in Malawi (PEPI-Malawi) trial. Women were counseled to stop breastfeeding (BF) by 6 months in the PEPI-Malawi trial. HIV-uninfected infants were included in this analysis starting ...
Bulterys Philip L - - 2011
We conducted a nested case-control study of placental malaria (PM) and mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) within a prospective cohort of 627 mother-infant pairs followed from October 1989 until April 1994 in rural Rwanda. Sixty stored placentas were examined for PM and other placental pathology, comparing 20 ...
Kamath Beena D - - 2012
Our aim was to improve the reliability of recording gestational age (GA) in the mother's obstetric record, as this record is used for clinical management, research databases, and eventual transmission to the Ohio Department of Health birth certificates. We performed a prospective cohort study, including all hospital births. We began ...
Imhoff-Kunsch Beth - - 2011
Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids such as docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) influence immune function and inflammation; however, the influence of maternal DHA supplementation on infant morbidity is unknown. We investigated the effects of prenatal DHA supplementation on infant morbidity. In a double-blind randomized controlled trial conducted in Mexico, pregnant women received daily ...
Sawasdivorn Siraporn - - 2011
To compare the incidence of anemia between infants who received exclusive breast feeding (EBF) up to the age of 6 months and those who did not. A cross sectional survey was conducted to examine the physical growth, incidence of anemia, mean hematocrit (Hct) level and other red cell indices among ...
Chagas Paula S C - - 2011
To understand the opinion of the parents about the baby walker and compare the age of gait acquisition between infants that used a walker and those that did not. In this quali-quantitative study, an interview involving a semi-structured questionnaire was carried out with 26 parents, 14 of whose infants used ...
Halfhide Clare P CP Division of Child Health, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Royal Liverpool, Alder Hey Children's Hospital, - - 2011
Neutrophils are the predominant cell in the lung inflammatory infiltrate of infants with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) bronchiolitis. Although it has previously been shown that neutrophils from both blood and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) are activated, little is understood about their role in response to RSV infection. This study investigated whether ...
van Panhuis Willem G WG Department of Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. - - 2011
Abstract. Maternal dengue antibodies are important in determining the optimal age of dengue vaccination, but no study has quantified the heterogeneity of antibody decay and persistence in infants. We used longitudinal regression methods and survival analysis to measure decay and persistence times of serotype-specific neutralizing antibodies in 139 infants in ...
Murray Andrew - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To report the management of a woman who presented with secondary infertility and amenorrhea after 2 Lletz procedures and a cone biopsy and who had cervical stenosis, a foreshortened cervix, and hematometra. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Fertility clinic and tertiary hospital. PATIENT(S): A 34-year-old woman who wanted further children but ...
Miller Elizabeth M - - 2011
There is a strong link between maternal knowledge and child well-being in many populations worldwide. Fewer studies have investigated the links between indigenous systems of medical knowledge and infant outcomes in non-Western societies, such as the Ariaal people of northern Kenya. This study has four goals. First, it defines culture-specific ...
Baldin Alexandre Duarte - - 2012
Turner syndrome (TS) patients have an increased risk of weight gain and metabolic syndrome. To date, it is unknown what factors are involved in this metabolic process, even though it is recognized that TS patients are frequently born small-for-gestational age. The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation ...
Macedo A - - 2011
We examined if perfectionism and the perception of being an anxious person were associated with more negative infant temperament ratings by the mothers. 386 women (mean age=30.08; standard deviation=4.21) in their last trimester of pregnancy completed the Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (MPS), the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) and an item about ...
Pellegrini-Belinchón J - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of wheezing and its associated risk factors in infants in the first year of life in the province of Salamanca, Spain. METHODS: A multicentre, cross-sectional, descriptive epidemiological study was designed to evaluate a representative sample of 750 infants in the first year of life, born ...
Yorifuji Takashi - - 2011
Yorifuji T, Tanihara S, Inoue S, Takao S, Kawachi I. The role of medicine in the decline of post-War infant mortality in Japan. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 2011; 25: 601-608. The infant mortality rate (IMR) in Japan declined dramatically in the immediate post-War period (1947-60) in Japan. We compared the ...
Holmes Lewis B - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The surveillance of newborn infants exposed to potential teratogens often relies on the findings in routine physicians' examinations to identify malformations. Exposed newborn infants can have a wide variety of physical features, including malformations, birth marks, positional deformities, and minor anomalies. The routine physician's findings are not standardized. Some ...
Levy Becca R - - 2011
It is known that cultural representations, in the form of stereotypes, can influence functional health. We predicted that the influence of cultural representations, in the form of salient holidays, would extend to birth timing. On Valentine's Day, which conveys positive symbolism, there was a 3.6% increase in spontaneous births and ...
Sam Thien N - - 2012
Infant leukemias have a high frequency of mixed lineage leukemia (MLL) gene rearrangements. Using data from a large etiologic study, we evaluated the distribution of selected demographic factors among 374 infant leukemia cases by leukemic subtype, MLL status and diagnosis age. Overall, 228 cases were MLL+. Compared to white infants, ...
Erlandsson Kerstin - - 2011
Aim:  This study aims to describe how mothers spend the period of time between being diagnosed with a dead baby in utero and the induction of the delivery. Material and Methods:  Data were collected using a web questionnaire. Five hundred and fifteen women who had experienced a stillbirth after the ...
Whilde Jenny - - 2011
Elephants in the wild live in herds of related females from several generations. Zoos, therefore, tend to house elephants in female groups, consisting where possible of related individuals. This type of group structure is very beneficial as it allows group members to experience events such as births in the group, ...
Mohangoo Ashna D - - 2011
PURPOSE: This study compares HRQOL among subgroups of infants with asthma-like symptoms to a subgroup without such symptoms and examines independent associations between asthma-like symptoms during the first year of life and HRQOL at age 12 months. METHODS: Our study sample included 5,000 infants participating in the Generation R study. Their ...
Battin Malcolm - - 2011
Objective To determine the effect of repeated antenatal corticosteroids on postnatal changes in weight, linear growth and head circumference. Methods Mothers who entered the repeated dose of antenatal steroids (ACTORDS) trial were randomised to additional weekly steroid or placebo. Infant occipital-frontal head circumference, weight and crown-heel length were measured at ...
Wayenberg Jean-Louis - - 2011
Background: The clinical significance of early transient hypoglycemia (ETH), a frequent event in preterm newborns, is a highly controversial issue. In experimental models, hypoglycemia has been reported to cause oxidative stress. Among the reactive species, early generated peroxynitrite is responsible for protein nitration and lipid peroxidation, a process referred to ...
Seng J S - - 2011
To determine the extent to which prenatal post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with lower birthweight and shorter gestation, and to explore the effects of childhood maltreatment as the antecedent trauma exposure. Prospective three-cohort study. Ann Arbor and Detroit, Michigan, United States. In all, 839 diverse nulliparas in PTSD-positive (n ...
Carlo Waldemar A - - 2011
To determine if selected pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines and/or mediators of inflammation reported to be related to the development of cerebral palsy (CP) predict neurodevelopmental outcome in extremely low birth weight infants. Infants with birth weights ≤1000 g (n = 1067) had blood samples collected at birth and on days ...
Patton Kristen K - - 2011
Recent evidence suggests early-life factors correlate with atrial fibrillation (AF). We hypothesized that AF-related mortality, similar to stroke mortality, is elevated for individuals born in the southeastern United States. We estimated 3-year (1999-2001) average AF-related mortality rates by using U.S. vital statistics for 55- to 89-year-old white (136,573 AF-related deaths) ...
Kim Do-Hyun - - 2011
Background: Despite the potential importance of pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH) in preterm infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), little is known about the risk factors for PAH. Objectives: To investigate the risk factors for PAH in preterm infants with BPD. Methods: Infants diagnosed with BPD were assigned to the PAH group ...
Audeh Safwat - - 2011
Background: The etiology of intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants is multifactorial and is associated with low gestational age (GA) and severity of neonatal respiratory disease. The role of admission hypothermia (AHT) in the pathogenesis of IVH in VLBW infants has not yet been elucidated. We searched risk factors ...
Avecilla-Ramírez G N - - 2011
This study presents evidence suggesting that electrophysiological responses to language-related auditory stimuli recorded at 46weeks postconceptional age (PCA) are associated with language development, particularly in infants with periventricular leukomalacia (PVL). In order to investigate this hypothesis, electrophysiological responses to a set of auditory stimuli consisting of series of syllables and ...
Emond Sophie - - 2011
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of evidence with regard to the safety of contrast medium administration at MRI in neonates and infants. PURPOSE: To assess immediate adverse reactions in children younger than 18 months of age during routine clinical utilization of gadoteric acid (Gd-DOTA) in a cohort of patients with ...
Seth Anju - - 2012
To study the outcome of HIV exposed infants in terms of mortality, morbidity, nutritional status and HIV infection status. Retrospective analysis of data on 162 HIV exposed infants registered at Regional Pediatric Center for HIV, Delhi and meeting the inclusion criteria, was done. Median age at presentation was 6 wk. ...
Bossley C J - - 2011
Background During air flight, cabin pressurisation produces an effective fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO(2)) of 0.15. This can cause hypoxia in predisposed individuals, including infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), but the effect on ex-preterm babies without BPD was uncertain. The consequences of feeding a baby during the hypoxia challenge were ...
Vrachnis Nikolaos - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To present retrospective data for maternal deaths in Greece from 1996 to 2006. METHODS: Demographic information and information on the causes of death was provided by the Hellenic Statistical Authority. Maternal deaths were assessed by cause of death, maternal age, and place of residence. The maternal mortality ratio (MMR) ...
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