Search Results
Results 851 - 900 of 1898
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Richards Rickelle - - 2011
Objective: To describe selected demographics; maternal health behaviors before, during, and after pregnancy; and infant health outcomes among homeless women in the United States. Patients and Methods: Analyses are based on Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System data from 31 participating states from 2000 to 2007 that were linked to birth ...
Hawkes Colin P - - 2011
Background: There is increasing evidence that in utero growth has both immediate and far-reaching influence on health. Birth weight and length are used as surrogate measures of in utero growth. However, these measures poorly reflect neonatal adiposity. Air-displacement plethysmography has been validated for the measurement of body fat in the ...
Ramos-Jorge Joana - - 2011
Objective: To assess the association between primary tooth eruption and the manifestation of signs and symptoms of teething in infants. Methods: An 8-month, longitudinal study was conducted with 47 noninstitutionalized infants (ie, receiving care at home) between 5 and 15 months of age in the city of Diamantina, Brazil. The ...
Zuccotti Gianvincenzo - - 2011
There is evidence suggesting that early events in life may predispose the adult to osteoporosis. We assessed bone status by quantitative ultrasonography in healthy neonates, and we report the changes occurring during the first year of life, according to the type of early feeding. We measured the speed of sound ...
Ma Ping - - 2011
Positive deviance inquiry is effective in identifying advantageous health behaviors and improving health outcomes among disadvantaged resource-poor populations. The objective of this study was to apply the positive deviance concept to explore the characteristics of positive deviants for breastfeeding among WIC-enrolled first-time mothers in Louisiana. The cross sectional study included ...
Sarfi Monica - - 2011
A number of studies point to methadone exposure in utero as a possible risk factor in the developing mother-infant relationship in the first year of life. This study is part of a larger, national follow-up of 38 infants prenatally exposed to methadone or buprenorphine and 36 comparison, low-risk infants. The ...
Maguire Anne A Centre for Oral Health Research, School of Dental Sciences, Newcastle University, UK. - - 2012
The level of Fluoride exposure needed to cause dental fluorosis is not known precisely. An awareness of total F intake from all sources, especially during the critical stages of dental development during infancy and early childhood, is important in preventing the development of dental fluorosis. The aim of the study ...
Zhang Lu - - 2011
The rapid emergence of antibiotic resistance (AR) is a major public health concern. Recent findings on the prevalence of food-borne antibiotic-resistant (ART) commensal bacteria in ready-to-consume food products suggested that daily food consumption likely serves as a major avenue for dissemination of ART bacteria from the food chain to human ...
Schenkein Harvey A HA Department of Periodontics, Virginia Commonwealth University, School of Dentistry, Richmond, VA 23298-0566, USA. - - 2012
It was hypothesized that if periodontal infections predispose low birth weights and premature birth, then such outcomes should be apparent when the mother has aggressive periodontitis (AgP). Birth weight data were collected by questionnaire from females with AgP, their periodontally healthy siblings, and unrelated periodontally healthy women. Both prospective and ...
Wommack Joel C JC School of Nursing, The University of Texas, Austin, - - 2013
Among Hispanics living in the United States, acculturation is associated with an increased risk for preterm birth. Inflammatory pathways are also associated with preterm birth. As such, the current study sought to investigate the potential relationships among preterm birth, acculturation of Hispanic women, and inflammatory markers. The authors performed an ...
Faulhaber Fabrizia R S - - 2011
Information on leukocyte activation in newborn infants of preeclamptic mothers is scarce. IL-8 and GRO-α are the main pro-inflammatory cytokines involved in leukocyte activation. The objective was to evaluate IL-8 and GRO-α plasma levels in preterm newborns infants of preeclamptic mothers. Newborns with gestational age <36weeks and birth weight <2000g ...
Kaempf J W - - 2012
It remains unclear whether indomethacin (INDO) and/or surgical ligation (LIGATE) are necessary to improve outcomes in premature infants with a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). We have adopted a conservative approach to PDA management that emphasizes waiting for spontaneous closure unless certain cardiorespiratory distress criteria are met. This was a before-after ...
Binet Marie-Eve - - 2011
We investigated the effect of gender on survival and short-term outcomes of extremely premature infants (≤27 weeks) born in Canada. The records of infants admitted between 2000 and 2005 to a neonatal intensive care unit participating in the Canadian Neonatal Network were reviewed for infant gender, birth weight, gestational age, ...
Hemmi Mirja H - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Variability in infant sleep and negative affective behavior (NAB) is a developmental phenomenon that has long been of interest to researchers and clinicians. However, analyses and delineation of such temporal patterns were often limited to basic statistical approaches, which may prevent adequate identification of meaningful variation within these patterns. ...
Ofek-Shlomai N - - 2011
In this study, we examine the possible association between treatment with vancomycin and colonization with extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Klebsiella in our neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Variables compared between newborns which developed rectal colonization and those who did not include: gestational age, birth weight, gender, and total length of hospital ...
Chen Melissa J - - 2011
Psychosocial stress has been identified as a potential risk factor for preterm birth. However, an association has not been found consistently, and a consensus on the extent to which stress and preterm birth are linked is still lacking. A literature search was performed with a combination of keywords and MeSH ...
Meier P P PP Department of Women, Children and Family Nursing, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL 60612, USA. - - 2012
The objective of this study was to compare the effectiveness, efficiency, comfort and convenience of newly designed breast pump suction patterns (BPSPs) that mimic sucking patterns of the breastfeeding human infant during the initiation and maintenance of lactation. In total, 105 mothers of premature infants ≤34 weeks of gestation were ...
Atun-Einy Osnat - - 2011
This longitudinal study of 27 infants examined the development of pulling-to-stand (PTS). In general, infants began PTS using a two-leg strategy and transitioned to a half-kneel strategy. As a group, infants showed no preference for either strategy at the onset of PTS, switching between strategies until half-kneeling became the dominant ...
Adgent Margaret A MA Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27709-2233, USA. - - 2011
Soy-based infant formula contains high levels of isoflavones. These estrogen-like compounds have been shown to induce changes in sexually dimorphic behaviors in animals exposed in early development. We examined gender-role play behavior in relation to soy-based and non-soy-based infant feeding methods among children in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents ...
New K K Grantley Stable Neonatal Unit, Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Butterfield Street, Herston, Brisbane 4029, Australia. - - 2012
To determine the effects on weight gain and temperature control of transferring preterm infants from incubators to open cots at a weight of 1600 g versus a weight of 1800 g. Randomised controlled trial. One tertiary and two regional neonatal units in public hospitals in Queensland, Australia. 182 preterm infants ...
Sipes Megan - - 2011
Objective: Compares infants and toddlers with intellectual and developmental conditions in regard to the presence of challenging behaviour. Methods: Parents and caregivers to 140 children ranging from 17-35 months with five different conditions (Down syndrome (n = 23), developmental delay (n = 18), prematurity (n = 56), Cerebral Palsy (n = 15) and Seizure disorder (n = 28)) were administered ...
Uva Maurizio G - - 2011
PURPOSE: To evaluate the intraocular pressure (IOP) and central corneal thickness (CCT) in premature and full-term newborns. METHODS: IOP and CCT were determined in 33 premature (mean [± SD] gestational age 31 ± 3 weeks, mean birth weight 1474 ± 354 g) and in 33 full-term white newborns (mean gestational age ...
Roda Célina - - 2011
Certain chemical pollutants can exacerbate lower respiratory tract infections (LRIs), a common childhood ailment. Although formaldehyde (FA) is one of the most common air pollutants found in indoor environments, its impact on infant health is uncertain. Our aim was to determine the impact of FA exposure on the LRI incidence ...
McEvoy J - - 2011
Background  Bereavement is potentially a time of disruption and emotional distress. For individuals with an intellectual disability (ID), a limited understanding of the concept of death may exacerbate this distress. The aim of the present study was to investigate how individuals with ID understand and explain death and make sense ...
Williams Brent A - - 2011
Transient leukemia (TL), defined by circulating nonlymphoid blast in the peripheral blood, occurs in approximately 10% of infants with constitutional trisomy 21 (Down syndrome). The TL phenotype may also occur in newborns who do not have clinical signs of Down syndrome but nonconstitutional trisomy 21 due to mosaicism. We report ...
Huang Ying - - 2011
We describe a communicating esophageal duplication in a newborn infant, without any other associated congenital anomalies. The diagnosis of esophageal duplication was achieved by a contrast study of the esophagus with diatrizoate and computed tomographic scan. Surgical excision of the esophageal duplication was carried out. At the 1-year follow-up examination, ...
Carletti Claudia - - 2011
This study assessed the prevalence and duration of breastfeeding up to 24 months and the associated socioeconomic determinants in a birth cohort of children. Four hundred infants born in a hospital in the north east of Italy were enrolled at birth and followed up for 36 months. Data on infant ...
Naher B S - - 2011
This cross sectional observational study was done in the division of neonatology, department of pediatrics, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) in the year 2007. The study population was 50 newborns in total who needed evaluation of sepsis on clinical suspicion. The main objective of this study was to assess ...
Jeng Susy - - 2011
In a population-based retrospective cohort of 5,353,022 California births from 1991 to 2000, 3,152 newborns were diagnosed with congenital hydrocephalus during the birth hospitalization. We compared demographic and clinical characteristics of infants with and without congenital hydrocephalus, and examined in-hospital fatality rates. The prevalence of congenital hydrocephalus was 5.9 per ...
Schouten Bastiaan - - 2011
To cite this article: Schouten B, Van Esch BCAM, Kormelink TG, Moro GE, Arslanoglu S, Boehm G, Knippels LMJ, Redegeld FA, Willemsen LEM, Garssen J. Non-digestible oligosaccharides reduce immunoglobulin free light-chain concentrations in infants at risk for allergy. Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2011; 22: 537-542. ABSTRACT: Prebiotic oligosaccharides influence the intestinal ...
Oróstegui-Pinilla D - - 2011
Congenital malaria is a condition rarely diagnosed, even in endemic countries. This tropical disease is associated with high mortality in the absence of timely recognition and prompt therapy, particularly when is due to Plasmodium falciparum, however Plasmodium vivax can also lead to relevant morbidity and mortality. We report an unusual ...
Klinthäll Martin - - 2011
Objectives. Previous research has demonstrated mortality differences between immigrants and natives living in Sweden. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of early life conditions in the country of birth and current socio-economic conditions in adult life in Sweden on cardiovascular, cancer, all other cause and total ...
Piyasil Vinadda - - 2011
To study the prevalence of postpartum depression in the mothers of preterm infants at Queen Sirikit National Institute of Child Health. A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted at 1 to 6 months after delivery in 41 postpartum women of healthy preterm infants at the high risk clinic, Queen Sirikit National ...
Gurgel Eloah de Paula Pessoa - - 2011
An investigation was made on the effectiveness of using semipermeable membrane on the skin of preterm infants on the evolution of weight loss and blood glucose values, water share, urine specific gravity and sodium. This is an experimental study, of the randomized clinical trial type, carried out from March to ...
Zhao Kun - - 2011
Background: Cardiopulmonary bypass may cause serious impairment of lung function. It has been reported that administration of mucosolvin can prevent acute respiratory insufficiency through the improvement of pulmonary surfactant.Objectives: This study aimed to explore the effects of high-dose mucosolvin on infant lungs following cardiopulmonary bypass.Methods: One hundred infants were randomly ...
Cetinkaya Merih - - 2011
The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of serum amyloid A (SAA) with that of C-reactive protein (CRP), and procalcitonin (PCT) in diagnosis and follow-up of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in preterm infants. A total of 152 infants were enrolled into this observational study. The infants were classified ...
Huang Mary I - - 2011
Object Nonaccidental head trauma (NAHT) is a major cause of death in infants. During the current economic recession, the authors noticed an anecdotal increase in infants with NAHT without an increase in the overall number of infants admitted with traumatic injuries. An analysis was performed to determine whether there was ...
Means Seth W - - 2011
Vascular access is critical in the care of sick infants and children for the direct administration of medications and fluids. In infants, especially preterm infants, the use of scalp veins is a common practice because of less subcutaneous fat and less mobility around the catheter site decreasing the risk of ...
McQueen Karen A - - 2011
: To determine whether neonatal abstinence scores of infants exposed to methadone in utero differed by infant feeding method. : A retrospective chart review. : Twenty-eight term infants that were exposed to methadone in utero and exhibited symptoms of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) prior to hospital discharge were included into ...
Wen Li Ming - - 2011
To assess the effectiveness of a home-based early intervention on infant feeding practices and "tummy time" for infants in the first year of life. Randomized controlled trial with follow-up measures scheduled at 6 and 12 months. Socially and economically disadvantaged areas of Sydney, Australia. We recruited 667 first-time mothers and ...
Shajari Hamideh - - 2011
There is limited data in the literature on the normal size of the anterior fontanelle. This cross- sectional study was to determine normal values of anterior fontanelle size on the first day of life, using standard methods. Anterior fontanelle size was measured in 400 term and healthy neonates delivered at ...
Chotigeat Uraiwan - - 2011
Adolescent period is the transitional stage of physical and mental development from childhood to adulthood. Pregnancy in teenage girls is generally classified to have a higher risk than those in adults. In many previous studies reported only the outcome of teenage mothers but no comparative outcome between sick babies born ...
Tasman William - - 2011
To assess the present-day prevalence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) worldwide. A search of the literature was conducted to better define the worldwide experience with ROP. An interview was also conducted with 2 schools for the blind, Overbrook in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and Perkins in Watertown, Massachusetts. The study also is ...
Taha Taha E - - 2011
We assessed morbidity rates during short intervals that accompanied weaning and cumulative mortality among HIV-exposed, uninfected infants enrolled in the postexposure prophylaxis of infants in Malawi (PEPI-Malawi) trial. Women were counseled to stop breastfeeding (BF) by 6 months in the PEPI-Malawi trial. HIV-uninfected infants were included in this analysis starting ...
Bulterys Philip L - - 2011
We conducted a nested case-control study of placental malaria (PM) and mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) within a prospective cohort of 627 mother-infant pairs followed from October 1989 until April 1994 in rural Rwanda. Sixty stored placentas were examined for PM and other placental pathology, comparing 20 ...
Kamath Beena D - - 2012
Our aim was to improve the reliability of recording gestational age (GA) in the mother's obstetric record, as this record is used for clinical management, research databases, and eventual transmission to the Ohio Department of Health birth certificates. We performed a prospective cohort study, including all hospital births. We began ...
Imhoff-Kunsch Beth - - 2011
Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids such as docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) influence immune function and inflammation; however, the influence of maternal DHA supplementation on infant morbidity is unknown. We investigated the effects of prenatal DHA supplementation on infant morbidity. In a double-blind randomized controlled trial conducted in Mexico, pregnant women received daily ...
Sawasdivorn Siraporn - - 2011
To compare the incidence of anemia between infants who received exclusive breast feeding (EBF) up to the age of 6 months and those who did not. A cross sectional survey was conducted to examine the physical growth, incidence of anemia, mean hematocrit (Hct) level and other red cell indices among ...
Chagas Paula S C - - 2011
To understand the opinion of the parents about the baby walker and compare the age of gait acquisition between infants that used a walker and those that did not. In this quali-quantitative study, an interview involving a semi-structured questionnaire was carried out with 26 parents, 14 of whose infants used ...
Halfhide Clare P CP Division of Child Health, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Royal Liverpool, Alder Hey Children's Hospital, - - 2011
Neutrophils are the predominant cell in the lung inflammatory infiltrate of infants with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) bronchiolitis. Although it has previously been shown that neutrophils from both blood and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) are activated, little is understood about their role in response to RSV infection. This study investigated whether ...
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